(57) Abstract:Usage: for continuous measurement of the position of the railway track. The inventive cart contains based on the driving wheel frame. On the frame are mounted the mechanism for measuring the position of a way to level the mechanism of measuring the width of the track and the Registrar, electrically connected with the specified mechanisms. The recorder consists of a tape drive mechanism, drummers and writing shooter connected with the corresponding measurement. Drummers are connected with the drive movement of the paper tape and the copy tape. The tape drive mechanism includes Leontopodium and intoplane device that represents the bins for zigzag folded layers of paper tape that Leontopodium device are arranged vertically and in lentariana horizontally. On the side walls Leontopodium hopper is made of vertical grooves a, in which is mounted the separator layers of paper tape. In Leontopodium bunker tape placed vertically spaced layers, and in lentariana bunker it is in the process of the cart horizontally disposable layers. The separator layers of the tape, move the buy relates to a device for the continuous measurement and recording of the provisions of the railway track.Known potenzmitteln cart containing based on the driving wheel frame, a frame mounted on the mechanisms of the position measurement path for level and gauge and logger connected with these mechanisms 
Recording of measured parameters in the logger is ink that creates inconvenience when working with the cart. Use for recording paper roll additional inconvenience, as you have to rewind it if necessary locate records of a particular stretch of road.Known potenzmitteln cart containing based on the driving wheel frame, a frame mounted on at least one mechanism of the measurement path and the Registrar, including the tape drive mechanism and use the arrow associated with the mechanism of measuring the position of the path, and the tape drive mechanism includes Leontopodium and intoplane device and the actuator moving the paper and copy tapes 
For recording the measured parameters in this truck is also used paper tape roll, which causes inconveniences in future work with this tape.The technical effect of the invention is to increase the convenience of access is Esmeralda truck, contains based on the driving wheel frame, a frame mounted on at least one mechanism for measuring the position of the path and the Registrar, including the tape drive mechanism, contains Leontopodium and intoplane device and the actuator moving the paper and copy tapes, Leontopodium and intoplane devices are bins for zigzag folded layers of paper tape that Leontopodium device are arranged vertically and in lentariana horizontally, and the truck is equipped with a separator layers of paper tape mounted for movement along the vertical grooves, which are made on the side walls Leontopodium bunker. In addition, the cart is equipped with overrunning clutch to disconnect the drive move paper and copy tapes when moving the cart outside direction.In Fig. 1 shows potenzmitteln truck, General view; Fig.2 section a-a in Fig.1; Fig.3 is a view along arrow B in Fig.2.Potenzmitteln cart includes a frame 1 supported on wheels 2. On the frame 1 is mounted a mechanism for measuring the width of the track, the mechanism for measuring the position of the path level, including sensor 3 levels and river 5 and writing of the arrow 6, United with the corresponding measurement. The drums 5 are connected to the actuator 7 move the paper tape 8 and the copy tape 9 through the plunger 10. Rotation of the actuator 7 is carried out from the wheel 2 through the flexible shaft 11 and the overrunning clutch 12 for disconnecting the actuator 7. Between the arrow 6 and the tape 8 is a ribbon 9. The tape drive mechanism includes Leontopodium and intoplane device, representing respectively the hoppers 13 and 14, and the actuator 7. On the side walls of the hopper 13 is a vertical grooves a, in which is mounted the separator 15 layers of paper tape 8. The movement of the belts 8 and 9 is carried out from the actuator 7 via the drive shaft 16 and the presser roller 17. In the hopper 13, the tape 8 are stacked vertically spaced zigzag layers, and in the hopper 14, the tape 8 is placed in operation of the trolley horizontal layers, folded zigzag.The trolley operates as follows.The cart is set on the path and moves along it by the handle 18. When moving the cart through the flexible shaft 11, the actuator 7, the rollers 16 and 17 is feeding the paper tape 8 and a copy of the tape 9. From the shaft 11 through the associated pusher 10 is back-postupatelnoe way through the level and track width on the tape 8 through the belt 9. Under the action of the electrical signals from the sensing devices of the provisions of the path, the needle 6 is shifted in proportion to the values of deviations relevant provisions of the road. Tape 8 from the hopper 13, skirting the separator 15 is moved on the table 19, passes between the rollers 16 and 17 and placed in layers in the hopper 14. The separator 15, moving along the grooves "and" under the influence of the tension of the tape 8, shares her layers and directs it on the table 19, further stretching the tape 8. When accidental movement of the truck in the outside direction (backward) overrunning clutch 12 includes an actuator 7, excluding the movement of the belts 8 and 9 in the opposite direction. Specified prevents damage to the actuator 7 and breakage of the strips 8 and 9. Use paper tape 8, zigzag folded layers, improved serviceability, allowing you to open the desired portion of the record without coil roll of tape in use up to the present time the trucks. The separator 15 provides tension and uniform tape 8 in a compact hopper 13, which reduces the dimensions and, consequently, the intensity and weight of the truck. 1. POTENZMITTELN CART containing based on the driving wheel frame mounted on the frame for meniscus arrow associated with the mechanism of measuring the position of the path, and the tape drive mechanism includes Leontopodium and intoplane device and the actuator moving the paper and copy tapes, characterized in that Leontopodium and intoplane devices are bins for zigzag folded layers of paper tape that Leontopodium device are arranged vertically and in lentariana horizontally, and the truck is equipped with a separator layers of paper tape mounted for movement along the vertical grooves, which are made on the side walls Leontopodium bunker.2. Truck under item 1, characterized in that it is equipped with overrunning clutch to disconnect the drive move paper and copy tapes when moving the cart in the off position.
FIELD: railway transport; permanent way facilities.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for checking parameters of track. Proposed track gauge contains housing, device for measuring gauge width with movable and fixed stops to thrust against rail heads, rail level measuring device and device to measure ordinates and grooves of switches. Including vernier with stop to thrust against head of move-off rail or counterrail and interacting with digital indicators on gauge housing. Vernier is provided with additional stop to thrust against non-worn-out part of rail head. Rail side wear detector interacting with vernier is installed on gauge housing.
EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities of track gauge, reduced errors in measurement.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: railway transport; measuring facilities.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to special purpose devices for measuring separate geometric parameters of reinforced concrete ties, i.e. propelling and canting of rail flats on reinforced concrete ties. Proposed device contains housing 1 with fitted-on transport handle 2, right-hand support 3 and left-hand support 4. First support screw 5 and second support screw 6 are installed on right-hand support 3, third support screw 7 and fourth support screw 8 are installed on left-hand support 4, right-hand catcher 9 and left-hand catcher 10 are installed on ends of housing 1, sensor 11 is secured on first support screw 5. Housing 1 carries also right-hand orientation handle 13 with pushbutton 15 and left-hand orientation handle 14. Base 16 is fastened in central part of housing 1, controller 17 and supply compartment 18 being secured on base 16. Device for measuring rail flat canting contains housing 1 with fitted-on transport handle 2, right-hand support 3 and left-hand support 4. First support screw 5 and second support screw 6 are installed on right-hand support 3. And third support screw 7 and fourth support screw 8 are installed on left0hand support 4. Right-hand catcher 9 and left-hand catcher 10 are installed on ends of housing 1, first sensor 11 is secured on first support screw 5, and second sensor 19 is installed on fourth support screw 8. Housing 1 carries right-hand orientation handle 13 with pushbutton 15, and left-hand orientation handle 14. Base 16 with fitted-on controller 17 and supply compartment 18 is secured in central part of housing 1. Moreover, support 21 is connected to housing 1 through vertical rods in central part.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of measurements, increased accuracy and provision of operative measurement of parameters under checking.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of diagnosing condition of railway and street car tracks. Proposed device contains detectors designed for measuring deviation of gauge and position of track by level of sags, humps and cavities connected with contact members. Device contains also vertical parallel, inner and outer posts, rollers made for interaction with side working inner surfaces of side track, rollers made for interaction with upper working surfaces of rail track, jambs some ends of which are connected with roller races and others, with corresponding posts. One of detectors is made in form of dial indicator, being arranged on one of inner posts and coupled with roller-type contact elements made for interaction with side working inner surfaces of track. Rod of said indicator is in contact with upper end of other inner post. Springs are placed between inner post. Springs are placed between inner posts in upper and lower parts, mounted on upper surface of two pairs of bosses fitted on one axle. Holes are made in inner posts. Axle with bushing is placed in inner posts. Bracket is connected by one end to bushing, and other end of bracket serves for fastening to floor of test car. Second detector is made in form of metric rule secured to inner post, and two pointers secured on upper end faces of outer posts. Two pairs of slots are made on outer posts. Slots are arranged on one axis and they accommodate pins installed for movement. Pins are provided with stops from outer and inner parts of posts.
EFFECT: improved reliability of device, reduced cost, possibility of reading results of measuring directly from detectors.
FIELD: railway transport; permanent way.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of noncontact inspection of profile of ballast base passing square to longitudinal direction of track. Inspection is carried out together with recording of deviation of track in level and in position. Depending on recorded defects as to level (a) and profile of ballast base 13 obtained for said level, amount of crushed stone for lifting track 4 to preset level and uniform ballasting is determined. To find amount of crushed stone required for ballast base 12, recorded profile of ballast base 13 is applied to preset profile of cross section 14.
EFFECT: improved ballasting of track.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: railway transport; permanent way.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of grading of existing bed of railway in which cables and/or pipes are laid beyond the limits of rails, and to laser measuring device to read bed profile. According to proposed method, operator removes material of bed by sucking through definite steps along bed to form pits or cross trenches at each side of track, and using laser camera, checks profile near pit and position of buried cables or pipes and stores obtained information. Then, using information kept in memory, operator controls device for mechanical digging of material from both sides of track without risk of damage to buried cables or pipes and profile of graded bed. Laser measuring device is mounted on railway motor car with cross guide beam 12 and carriage with laser camera which can be moved along guide beam. Laser camera is pointed with its lens downwards to read distance from ground, being connected with computer to record position of bogie on rails and distance from camera to ground.
EFFECT: provision of safe, quick and cheap method of railway bed grading with use of laser measuring device.
6 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: railway transport; permanent way testing facilities.
SUBSTANCE: method of pulling contact system cable comes to the following: each rail 6 is read off by means of distance pickup 16 placed over rail and moved continuously in longitudinal direction of track and scanning in plane 20 passing square to longitudinal direction of track. Problem points of measurement 25 on rail defining geometry of switch are recorded as measurement values in polar system of coordinates. Polar coordinates for measurement values are converted into Cartesian coordinates and information is recorded in memory at continuous measurements of distance by means of measuring wheel after which lateral section for switch 1 is calculated basing on recorded measurement values. Actual measurement values are compared in definite points of measurement 25 with preset values of at least two of enumerated parameters kept in memory, namely, width of clearance between counter-rail and running rail, through clearance or state of tongue as to its wear, minimum width between edge of guide rail and side edge of running rail in curve, width of gauge and/or distance between counter-rails or guide surfaces and deviation of obtained values from preset values. In device for noncontact measurement of lateral section or rail-to-rail distance of track, each pickup 16 is arranged in area over corresponding rail 6 being essentially laser scanner 17 for reading problem points of measurement 25 defining geometry of switch which is made for reciprocation at angle of scanning (α).
EFFECT: provision of quick and accurate determination and evaluation of measurands of vital importance for switch.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: railway transport; track maintenance.
SUBSTANCE: geometry of track is measured by using high-accuracy measuring circuit with two mechanically coupled test trucks forming transport and mechanically coupled test trucks forming transport and mechanical part of measuring system and including covered distance meter and truck tilting level sensors relative to horizon and at least one radiating mark (optical radiation source) rigidly installed on first test truck in direction of movement and providing pressing of flange of wheel to inner head of base rail, and optical electronic receiving-and-analyzing system rigidly secured on second truck. Second truck is double axle, with flanges of corresponding wheelsets pressed to inner surface of head of base rail, thus forming measuring base identifying position of base rail in points of contact of corresponding wheelsets.
EFFECT: improved accuracy of measurement at simplification of process.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of continuous recording of spatial position of track gauge. Proposed method includes recording of information from pickups of rail-to-rail space, covered distance, current course angle, longitudinal and cross grades at vehicle running and calculating of current coordinates of track gauge using data of pickups. Recording of course angle and longitudinal grade from said pickups and determination of current coordinates Xi,Yi,Hi is carried out for one of rail lines relative by any initial direction in horizontal plane at measuring pitch 1. Coordinates of point im corresponding to middle of straightline section connecting extreme points i0 and in are calculated by measured coordinates of extreme points for each preset section of track Pi. Deflection of rail in horizontal and vertical planes, δihδiv respectively, is determined by difference between calculated coordinate of indicated point and measured coordinate of corresponding point. Device for determining spatial parameters of rail tracks has running truck including support wheel and first and second measuring wheels and odometer wheel arranged on one axle over one of rail lines. Support wheel is connected with measuring wheels by link installed at angle of 90° relative to direction of running. Track gauge width pickup is installed on said link. Distance pickup is mounted on odometer wheel. Course and roll indicator is installed on axle connecting measuring wheels. Outputs of distance pickups, track gauge pickup and course and roll indicator are connected with computer through controller.
EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities, with possibility of determination of relative position of track section in vertical and horizontal planes (level and sag), together with determination of spatial coordinates.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for diagnosing condition of rails using combined ultrasonic and magnetic nondestructive testing devices of higher resolving power. Proposed rail track mobile testing device includes vehicle on frame of which flaw detector bogie is mounted with system for pneumatic and manual lifting of bogie I to traveling position. Tracking ski secured on frame of flaw detector bogie is provided with ultrasonic testing converters unit. Mobile device is provides also with pneumatic system for forced pressing of flaw detector bogie to rails made for adjusting force of pressing in vertical axis and with lateral stabilizing device consisting of roller carriage with flexible damping support. Series magnetizing coils of magnetic control device whose inductive sensor is installed after converters unit in rear part of tracing ski in direction of movement of flaw detector bogie, said coils being fitted on axles of wheel-steps of flaw detector bogie and connected to each other. Said magnetizing coils are installed on bearings and are arranged I protective hood secured on frame of flat detector bogie. Housing of converters unit, protective hood and frame of flaw detector bogie are made on nonmagnetic material. Wheels of flaw detector bogie are installed for independent rotation.
EFFECT: increased resolving power at diagnosing condition of rails, increased dynamic stability of device in movement along rails, reduced mass and dimensional characteristics.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: applications of measuring apparatus or devices for track-building purposes.
SUBSTANCE: control method involves setting survey points and determining coordinates of above points in X, Y, Z coordinate system; placing measuring station near structure and determining measuring station position in X, Y, Z coordinate system relative at least one survey point; determining distance and angle between above insertion device and measuring station with the use of above measuring station; calculating insertion device position on the base of above distance and measuring station position; moving insertion device to provide coincidence of above members with predetermined member insertion points along insertion axis. Insertion device comprises lever, which may perform longitudinal and rotational movement in three mutually perpendicular directions. The lever holds members to be inserted in the base and comprises mirrors to determine positions of the lever and the members in three dimensions with the use of measuring station.
EFFECT: increased accuracy and speed of insertion device arrangement on the base, simplified usage and reduced cost.
11 cl, 5 dwg