(57) Abstract:Usage: when the construction of external and internal walls of wooden buildings. The inventive wall includes horizontal bars with chamfers on the abutting surfaces and stacked on top of each other and placed between the insulating strip. The boards are equipped with rails and grooves in the form of a dovetail, placed symmetrically relative to the longitudinal axis of the wall, which is equipped with Reiki. In addition, you can run rails on one side with tabs and stalactites. The wall can be fitted with additional rails rhombic cross-section, arranged in the gap between the top of the main rails and the top of the slots of the bars. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to a ground construction and may find application in the construction of external and internal walls of wooden buildings.Famous wooden wall bars with triangular ridges and return grooves filled with insulating fibrous material (gasket).The disadvantages of this wall are increased consumption of wood on the boards and fragility of the insulating strip in the grooves exposed to pozdejsi dematerialization.The drawing shows a cross-section of the wall.The wall includes horizontal bars 1 with the slots 2 filled with insulating spacers 3. The bars 1 are provided with the reference horizontal chamfer 4. The edges of the slots 2 and symmetrically arranged sealing slats 5, United at the edges 6 with adjacent bars 1 in lastechniek tail, which grooves 7 bars. The slats 5 are from the front wall projections 8 with drip 9. In case of repair of the facade wall has additional slats 10 rhombic cross-section, located in the gap between the top sealing slats and the top of the groove.The wall performed in the following sequence.Stacked on timber set in the lower grooves of the sealing slats in position on the rib. Next is laid between the rails 5, the heat-insulating lining 3, which is crimped subsequent upper beam 1.Then the build process (build) wall repeats. For more Reiki and Reiki with the tabs and install drip consistently after laying the overlying beam.As insulating spacers along with oakum can be used, for example, strips of expanded polystyrene, soft fibreboard Plaza through the holes in the rails.The presence of sealing rails allows you to use the bars 1 of a wane-edge boards with minimal support horizontal chamfers than the saving of material on the boards.The connection of the rails with bars 1 in a dovetail rails with tabs and drip protects the grooves and the insulating strip from exposure to precipitation and increases durability and insulation joints.Additional rails allows repair of the facade walls with replacement of rails.The economic effect from implementation of the invention consists in saving on the crowns of at least 20% of the wood and increase time periods and improving the performance of the building walls. 1. WALL, comprising horizontal bars with chamfers on the abutting surfaces and laid one on the other and placed between the insulating strip, characterized in that, to improve performance and reduce material consumption, bars equipped with rails and grooves in the form of a dovetail, arranged symmetrically relative to the longitudinal axis of the wall which have slats.2. Wall under item 1, characterized in that that, to facilitate repair, it is equipped with extra rails rhombic cross-section, arranged in the gap between the top of the main rails and the top of the slots of the bars.
SUBSTANCE: blockhouse facade for lining of internal and external walls includes two extended profile parts for lining of wall surface, which are installed one onto another, angular parts coupled with parts and installed in the form of cross connection of logs laid with an overlap, besides profile parts together with angular parts create an image of whole log structure. Profile parts are arranged as mirror-symmetrical in longitudinal direction and contain cross groove near their ends for opposite profile part of cross connection. Angular parts are arranged in the form of round log sections with cur surface that forms end, and also with opposite first flat joint surface and second joint surface adjacent to it, which matches external surface of cross profile part and angular part. Profile parts and angular parts create a set of component elements to create facade with formation of external and internal angle.
EFFECT: simplified assembly and manufacturing of facade parts.
17 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a wooden building the elements perceiving load are attached to inner side surfaces, limited with structural elements of the building, comprising stands, ties and horizontal elements so that to make it possible to close the front surface of the bearing wall panel on the outer side with front surfaces of structural elements on the outer side and front surface of the adjacent non-bearing wall on the outer side.
EFFECT: improved earthquake stability of a building.
7 cl, 26 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall structure includes an inner bearing layer, a frame for wall bordering, steam insulation, external bordering shields and an insulant. The inner bearing layer is made from prefabricated laminated blocks of horizontal cutting, coupled in corners and abutments of inner walls to outer walls with the help of laminated L-shaped and T-shaped inserts. Laminated blocks and inserts shaved only along one side face at the side of inner rooms are connected to each other along the height of the wall structure on pins glued into the lower face of each laminated block or insert when they are manufactured, and into seats 10 of the below mounted elements during assembly of the wall structure.
EFFECT: increased spatial stiffness of a building.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to erect multi-layer walls includes formation of at least one wall from at least two rows of lengthy elements laid onto each other. Each row is formed by means of coupling of lengthy elements at the angle by means of connecting units. At the same time the connecting unit is made in each lengthy element in the form of at least one lock slot, having depth and width equal to the sum of thicknesses of at least two lengthy elements coupled with it and forming a wall layer. At least one coupled lengthy element is installed with a lock slot upwards, where at least two lengthy elements are laid as coupled with it, from which at least one is laid by the lock slot downwards, and the other one is laid with the lock slot upwards.
EFFECT: reduced labour intensiveness of wall erection process and reduced time for their erection.
12 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall panel is made of rows of modules installed onto each other, connected to each other and made from profiled rectilinear elements, is equipped with an insulant and lining boards. Profiled elements are made of a glued veneer profile, comprising walls made of veneer, on which shelves of bars are fixed. At the same time profiled elements are fixed by three to form an equilateral triangle in plan, and their shelves are faced towards the centre of the module. The panel includes side modules, rectilinear elements of which form a right-angled triangle in plan, with a hypotenuse equal to the side of the module and the angle near the base equal to 60°. Modules and side modules are fixed to each other, and each module is fixed with both lining boards. Each row in the panel is made from upper and lower layers of modules, at the same time in the lower layer the modules are placed in contact with the adjacent ones and are faced upwards with their tops, and the modules of the upper layer are faced down with their tops and contact with their sides to the sides of the adjacent modules of the lower layer.
EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of a structure.
SUBSTANCE: collapsible wall structure includes: top and bottom plates, vertical posts between which rows of modules out of profiled straight elements form panels, heat insulator, and facing plates. Modules are made of glued plywood profile with plywood walls bearing shelves out of bars. Profiled elements are attached in groups of three elements forming equilateral triangles. Side modules are made of straight elements forming right triangle with hypotenuse equal to module side and base angle of 60°. Modules and side modules are interconnected, and each module is attached to both facing plates. Each module row consists of top and bottom layers. Module bases in bottom layer of bottom row and module bases in top layer of top row are attached to bottom and top plates, respectively. Vertical walls of side modules are attached to surfaces of respective vertical posts facing them. Glued plywood profile shelves face module centre.
EFFECT: enhanced bearing capability.
SUBSTANCE: building structure includes straight-line elements attached to each other and made from a glued plywood profile containing walls made from plywood and shelves made from bars fixed on the wall along longitudinal edges. There have been used three straight-line elements that are fixed so that an equilateral triangle is formed in a plan view; the shelves of straight-line elements face each other.
EFFECT: increasing carrying capacity of long glued plywood building structures owing to forming a stiff load-carrying element at their operation as part of panels, which is related to perception and redistribution of vertical loads.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to the method to manufacture a 3D building element. The 3D building element is mainly made of plate stocks of material cut by size. Stocks are stage by stage cut from at least one material band, and then connected to each other in the form of a building element.
EFFECT: reduced material consumption.
7 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a structure of stands connection with external and internal elements of building walls with the help of embedded parts, both angular and row stands are given a boxy shape, comprising external and internal links and embedded parts of square or rectangular cross section, besides, the external link and one of internal links of angular stands have a L-shaped or square cross section, and the second internal link of the same stands - cross section of one fourth of the circle; external and internal links of row stands are made with a U-shaped cross section or in the form of a solid insert of rectangular shape using in the body each angular and row stand, at least of two mounting seats, arranged from cuts and ledges entering into each other.
EFFECT: invention provides for universality, industrial quality, simplicity and convenience of manufacturing and assembly, reliability of operation and aesthetic appearance of the proposed structure.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, in particular to wall structures from wooden glued elements. Engineering problem is improving strength characteristics, minimising labour costs in construction of wall structures. Glued wooden element is in form of a stack of glued together vertically disposed slats with each other with congruent grooves and protrusions on its upper and lower sides, formed by displacement of at least one slat relative to other slat. Stack is made of an odd number of slats made of wood with longitudinal fibres of wood, and even - with cross arrangement. At ends of stack there are additionally congruent grooves and ridges with recesses and protrusions on upper and lower sides of ends of stack formed by displacement of at least one inner lamella relative to other lamella of stack. Stack is equipped with at least one pair of vertical through-channels.
EFFECT: disclosed is a method of assembling wall structures from said elements.
7 cl, 8 dwg