Powder detergent

 

(57) Abstract:

Powder detergent contains, wt%: a mixture of anionic and nonionic surfactants from 10 to 20; the complexing agents of defeat 5 - 10; zeolite 0.01 to 10 and/or sodium tripolyphosphate of 0.01 - 20; sodium bicarbonate 5 - 15; glass liquid sodium 1 - 10,0; sodium carboxymethylcellulose 0.5 to 2; optical brighteners 0.05 to 0.15; alkaline protease from 0.5 to 2; integrated CO2-extract or gidrometeotsentra from a mixture of hops and barley sprouts or complex CO2-extract or gidrometeotsentra from a mixture of carrot seeds and sprouts of barley 0,001 - 1; CO2-the extract or gidrometeotsentra hemp or CO2-extract or gidrometeotsentra grape seed 0,001 - 1; CO2-extract of mint or menthol or a mixture of CO2-extract of peppermint and menthol in a mass ratio of 2 : 1 is 0.001 to 0.5; the perfume of 0.05 - 0.5; sodium sulfate and water to 100. table 2.

The invention relates to the production of universal synthetic detergents with dietary supplements for washing.

In the manufacture of synthetic detergents play an important part bleaching means and means for removing grease and protein stains.

For example, esidentia and alkaline lipase with activity greater than 30% at pH 9. The composition is effective to remove grease [1]

Known also effective detergent for washing clothes with low irritant effect on the skin that contain 1-60% Alkylglucoside, 0,1-40 surfactant having a sulfate, sulphonate or both of these groups or betainovuyu system, 0.1 to 10% of oxides of amines, 0.1 to 10% surfactant containing polyoxyethylene group, 0.01 to 3% mono - or sesquiterpene hydrocarbons and 0.0001-0.1% of 2,4,5-triallylisocyanurate-3 or 2-alkylbenzenesulfonic-3 (alkili1-C18) [2]

Detergent contains surfactants 11-25% sodium tripolyphosphate, 20-28% sodium carboxymethylcellulose (Na= CMC) of 0.5-1.0; glass liquid sodium 1-2; soda ash 0,1-3,0; chalk 1-5; optical Brightener 0.1 to 0.3; the perfume of 0.1-0.2 Na Cl 1-3,0; blue dye within 0.00001 and 0.0001; water to 100 [3]

Closest to the claimed detergent "Biolan" [4] containing, by weight.

Surfactants (in terms of 15.0 per 100% of the principal

substances), including:

a) alkylbenzenesulfonic-

you (the sulfonic acid 40% Rast - thief, or 45% solution) 11,0

b) ethoxylated

fatty alcohols (Cinta-

Nol ALM-10 or Cinta-

Nol, ACSA-12 or Cinta - Nol DC-10 or sintimid-5) 3.0V) soap powder (1,0

or soap shavings the definition of hydrogenated fat (distil-

isolation) or their mixture, and

the caustic soda technical (PE-

Rescate 100% of the basic

substances) for the saponification of the fat - governmental acid 0.15 Defeat 8.0 Zeolite 0-10,0 Glass liquid sodium 5.0 Sodium bicarbonate 10.0 Sodium tripolyphosphate 10,0-20,0 Optical Brightener 0.1 Drug enzyme alkaline protease (granu - profiled) 1,0 Odorant 0,2

Sodium sulphate

or

Sodium sulphate

and Water To 100.0

"Biolan" is used for washing and removing protein deposits, exhibits good detergency in hard water, does not require a high temperature to remove dirt, maleficiate, however, has peresushivaya and allergic effect on the skin.

Washing the basis of this tool, creating an alkaline environment when washing products, possesses a strong ability to inhibit the repair processes in the skin. Introduction in the washer a mild surfactant is not to understate the negative impact on the skin. When using this detergent alkali combines with the protein part of the epidermis, translate them into easily soluble in water, alkaline albuminates that can be removed by the rinse linen, thus reducing the content in the skin of the so-called sulfhydryl groups and Jeti skin, the appearance of peeling and irritation. Also contained in the detergent zeolite Na-A and alkaline prosthesis have irritant effect as allergens medium strength. That is, the powder causes chemical damage to the molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), resulting from exposure to alkali, sodium chloride, zeolite and sodium silicate, because this tool has indiscriminate washing action, which leads to the necessity of use of protective equipment for hands (creams, gloves).

As complexing agents (for water softening) used sodium tripolyphosphate, zeolite Na-A and defeat, to enhance the cleaning action of sodium chloride, sodium tripolyphosphate, zeolite Na-A.

Defeat complexing composition based partially replaced by sodium salts aminomethylphosphonate, oksietilidendifosfonovaya, phosphorous and hydrochloric acids.

Zeolites Na-this is A microporous framework silicates crystal structure having a high ion exchange capacity and very small particle sizes.

To prevent Pomerania textiles during repeated washings and as a stabilizer of the action is acesse obtain and as an inhibitor of corrosion of metals used sodium silicate (glass liquid sodium).

The sodium sulfate is introduced as a neutral filler to improve the commodity form of powder.

Optical brighteners give the tool whitening effect and eliminate the blueprints to eliminate yellowness when washing white products.

Alkaline protease is used as supplements, leading to hydrolysis of protein substrates.

The invention solves the problem of creating a highly effective bleaching detergent with new additional functions, does not cause allergic reactions on the skin and mucous membranes, dryness of skin and thinning.

The aim is achieved in that in a powder detergent containing a mixture of anionic and nonionic surfactants, defeat, zeolite and/or nutritionist, sodium bicarbonate, glass liquid sodium, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, optical brighteners, alkaline protease, perfume, sodium sulfate and water, additionally introduced a comprehensive CO2-extract or gidrometeotsentra from a mixture of hops and barley sprouts or complex CO2-extract or gidrometeotsentra of carrot seeds and sprouts of barley, CO2-extract or hydrophility or menthol or a mixture of CO2-extract of peppermint and menthol in a mass ratio of 2:1. The components of the formulation taken in the following ratio, wt.

A mixture of anionic and non-

ionic over-

surface-active substances 10,0-20,0

Defeat 5,0-10,0

Zeolite (Na-A) FROM 0.01 TO 10.0

and/or

Sodium tripolyphosphate is 0.01 to 20.0

Sodium bicarbonate 5,0-15,0

Glass liquid sodium 1,0-10,0

Sodium carboxymethyl-

cellulose 0.5 to 2.0

Optical brighteners 0,05-0,15

Alkaline protease of 0.5-2.0

Integrated CO2-extract

or

Gidrometeotsentra from

the mixture of hops and barley sprouts

or

Integrated CO2-extract

or

Gidrometeotsentra from

a mixture of carrot seeds and

sprouts of barley of 0.001 to 1.0

CO2-extract or hydro-

fitokontsentrat hemp

or

CO2-extract or hydrophi-

toconcentrate grapes-

those seeds of 0.001 to 1.0

CO2-extract of mint or menthol

or

A mixture of CO2-mint extract

and menthol in mass rela-

wearing 2:1 0,001-0,5

Odorant 0,05-0,5

The sodium sulfate or

Sodium sulphate

and

water up to 100.0

Surface-anion active substances create siloy water. But when washing textiles machine-high foaming is undesirable. Therefore, the proposed means of introducing a mixture of soap shavings or FLC and sodium hydroxide and a mixture of anionic and neinogennye surfactant. Neinogennye surfactant soften the skin less sensitive to the elements of water hardness, have low penoobrazovatelej ability and good emulsifying properties. However, putting them in a recipe does not solve the problem of reducing the harmful effects of detergent on the skin. This can be achieved by introducing perejivayuschie additives, biologically active substances of plant origin, such as CO2-extracts and gidrometeotsentra plants.

CO2extracts obtained by extraction with liquid carbon dioxide plant raw material with moisture content not exceeding 12% under pressure. Are either oily liquids or buttery substance, soluble in vegetable oils, various solvents, Pawah, and fragrances and so on

Gidrometeotsentra for SMS receive waste from food processing companies or meal after CO2EXT - racchi by crushing raw materials, separation of hydrophilic fractions and drying the adsorbent, in the C, or gelatin, or castelsilano starch or similar with nutritionrelated or oleate or stearate or similar)

Integrated CO2-extract N 12, obtained by extraction with liquid carbon dioxide blended mixture of sprouts of barley and hops contains: essential and fatty oils, waxes, carotenoids, Tocopherols, sterols and sterols, free polyunsaturated (factor vitamin F), and related acids. In a small number containing acid containing hormonal oil. Properties of complex CO2-extract N 12 repeat properties of raw materials. He has vitaminizing, supply, spots properties.

Integrated CO2-extract N 13 is a balanced on the stage of the extraction mixture vitamin substances carrot seeds and sprouts of barley. Extractives, passing in complex CO2-extract: biologically active acid (factor vitamin F), Tocopherols, sterols, carotenoids, phospholipids, fatty oils, waxes, sterols, provide spots, nourishing, healing action.

Gidrometeotsentra of complexes raw mixes: sprouts of barley and hops or barley sprouts and carrot seeds can fully replace 2-extract of hemp seed contains fatty oil, unsaturated fatty acids, glycerides, vitamin C, cholesterol. Exhibits analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.

CO2-grape seed extract contains sterols, Tocopherols, carotenoids, wax free and bound fatty acids. Possesses antioxidant spots properties.

Gidrometeotsentra from hemp or grape seeds contain mucus, proteins, tannins, water-soluble vitamins and can be replaced WITH2-extracts in the formulation of detergent.

CO2-peppermint extract contains up to 40% menthol (in the essential oils), carotenoids, Tocopherols, waxes, free and related acids. Shows local anesthetic, analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic effect. Is a natural flavouring agent and stabilizer smell.

Synthetic menthol product of chemical synthesis, is a pure menthol with a characteristic smell and taste, which is a natural odorant, shows local anesthetic property.

High detergency powder SMS is provided by the adsorption on the phase boundaries and the image is entrusted WITH BAS2extracts or hydrometcentre in combination with neinogennye surfactants due contained in the CO2-extracts of vegetable waxes and filmy fillers in gidrometeotsentra promotes the growth of solubilization of water-insoluble substances. The combination of waxes or filmy fillers with soap flakes or powder in the composition of the surfactant enhances the cleansing and foaming action SMS.

It is known that the introduction of the means of sodium tripolyphosphate for water softening extremely negative impact on the quality of wastewater generated in the wash, because phosphate complexes almost not broken down into harmless components and make synthetic detergents environmentally hazardous.

To mitigate the negative impact on the environment by reducing the concentration of sodium tripolyphosphate in detergents, while maintaining the ability of high-quality washing in hard water is introduced complexone of defeat. Defeat complexing composition based partially replaced by sodium salts aminomethylphosphonate, oksietilidendifosfonovaya, phosphorous and hydrochloric acids. Introduction complexo - forming commonality, when total utilization of all components allows to reduce the concentration of sodium tripolyphosphate in 1,5-2 times; thus developed synthetic detergent becomes dangerous for the environment.

The process of removing contaminants from surfaces is reversible, i.e., contamination can again be deposited on the product, so the detergent must not only remove contaminants and hold them in suspension, preventing re-deposition on the fabric, i.e., the detergent should have a stabilizing effect.

But synthetic detergent are more hydrophilic than body soap and has a small stabilizing ability. To prevent Pomerania fabrics after repeated processing solutions SMS, it is necessary to enter in the recipe antiresorption agents. These are, in addition to sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, in the formula waxes WITH extracts and additional amounts of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose in the composition of powder hydrometcentre. Supplementation of vegetable origin enhances the action of a linear colloid anionic character, with a large electronegative charge, which raspredelena selective adsorption of hydroxyl ions. Impurities in water also have a negative charge.

Enter the complex on the basis of Na-CMC increases the negative charge of the fibers, as a result of the strong electrostatic repulsion between the fiber and pollution, the superior forces holding the contamination on the fiber. This leads to a shift of pollution from fiber or to a strong leavening of pollution that it is easily removed by mechanical action. Thus, the combination of Na-CMC with CO2-extracts or hydrophilanthropy containing vegetable complexing agents, enhance the effects of the mists.

Additional enhancement of the electrostatic repulsion between the fiber and pollution is provided by the combination of sodium bicarbonate with CO2-extracts or hydrophilanthropy, which improves the cleaning properties of the proposed tools.

Approximate calculation of dosages of carbon dioxide extracts were concentration of the major biologically active components and data on separate dosages BAS in such detergents Tocopherols, waxes.

According to the generalized analysis of the recommended doses of biologically active substances and their concentrations in the extracts dosage administered and the transportation of biologically active components,

WITHBASthe concentration of the substance in the extracts,

Indicative dosage introduce CO2extracts were identified:

Integrated CO2-extract

from a mixture of barley sprouts and

of hops (N 12)

or

Integrated CO2-extract

from a mixture of carrot seed and growth

Cove barley (N 13)

and/or

Gidrometeotsentra from

blended raw mixes

# 12 or # 13 of 0.001 to 1.5

CO2-hemp seed extract

or

CO2-grape seed extract,

and/or

Gidrometeotsentra from

this raw material is 0.001-1.5 to

CO2-peppermint extract of 0.001 to 1.5

To study the effect of the dosage of CO2-extracts, on washing capacity means the enrichment of biologically active substances conducted a series of experiments using mathematical planning on the simplex. Since the greatest impact on additional features synthetic detergent have surface-active substances and plant BAS, the variation was exposed to these components of the formulation (table. 1). where

x1integrated CO2-extract N 12

or

integrated CO2-extract N 13

x2CO2-hemp seed extract
the offer of surfactants

x5else

As indicators of the properties of the final product was determined by the pH of 1.00%-aqueous solution, according to GOST 22567.1-77 foaming capacity at 50aboutC OST 6-15-1574-87 washing capacity under 50aboutWith the content of Tocopherols in the tool.

The essence of the method of determining the detergency SMS is a comparative evaluation of detergency of the test detergent composition and comparison. The cleaning ability was determined as the ratio of the degree of removal of impurities on the cotton fabric with a solution of the test detergent to the extent of removing contaminants on the same fabric, in the same conditions of the washing solution of the benchmark. For the benchmark was made part of the comparison made on the basis of linear Las (SAS) company "Holz" (Marlon-ARL). Washing was carried out on a laboratory washing machine "Linetest" in the following terms:

Dose detergent 5 g/l Module 1 bath:90

Calcium gesture

bone

water to 5.35 mg-EQ./l

Fabric Cotton

Type of pollution tissue Protein

The duration of the washing 20 + 2 min washing Temperature 40 + 5aboutWith the Number of washes 2

As a result of research, the proposed model and optimization to determine the best options.

The regression equation for the analyzed performance of the mixture to the content of Tocopherols, pH, detergency and foaming abilities were analyzed by constructing a proper simplex tetrahedron. Point inside the tetrahedron correspond to the four systems. Graphically this system are in the form of cross sections of three-dimensional simplex planes perpendicular to one of its axes. The transition from one section to another corresponds to a change of the fourth component.

When performing research data for the content of Tocopherols", pH, detergency, foaming was obtained by mixing CO2-extracts and mixtures of surfactants.

Diagram (PL. 1) consists of 15 tests, 16 checkpoint to verify the adequacy of the developed model.

1. The content of Tocopherols:

Y1=3,2 X2+1.5 X3+3,6 X1X2+0,2 X1X3+

1.8 X2X3+ 3,6 X2X4+ 3,6 X2X5+ 0,6 X3X4+

+ 0,2 X3X5< / BR>
2. Foaming ability:

Y2=94X1+ 92X2+ 90X3+ 94X4+ 120X5+

+ 20X1X2+ 16X1X3+ 4X1X4+ 32X1X5+ 20X4X5< / BR>
3. Washing capacity:

Y3=66,8 X1+ 69,1 X2+ 68,9 X3+ 67,4 X4+

+ 75,3 X53.4 X1X23.4 X1X30.8 X1X4+

+ 20,2 X1X 5+ 34X2X35X2X4+ 17.2 " X2X5< / BR>
6,6 X3X4+ 19,6 X3X5+ 18,6 X4X5< / BR>
4. pH:

Y411X1+ 9,5 X2+ 10X3+ 11X4+ 12X5+

+ X1X22X1X55X2X3+ 2,2 X2X4+

+ X2X50.8 X3X41.2 X3X52X4X5< / BR>
Analysis of the data obtained experimentally to identify the dependence of the content of biologically active substances from the composition of the detergent allows accurate determination of the optimal ratio of the components tov: CO2-extracts and mixtures of surfactants. When exactly deviations from levels equal to 0.4 maximum saturation lines of equal values of the surface of the simplex is observed in the field of mixing at the prevailing content of complex CO2-extract N 12 or complex CO2-extract N 13 and CO2-extract of hemp or CO2-extract of grape seeds. Optimal should PR-

extract N 12

or

Integrated CO2- extract N 13 0,01-1,0

CO2-hemp seed extract

or

CO2-extract vinog - radnich seeds 0,01-1,0

By analyzing different combinations of dosage used extracts and mixtures of surfactants in the establishment of the formulation of a new synthetic detergent revealed the ability of the extracts to affect lower dosages of expensive perfumes, as well as improving the quality of the washed things due to the high content of fatty oils, increasing the content of natural Soaps and strengthening antiresorption properties by means of the retention of impurities in solution and prevent the re-settling them into fibres and with a minimum concentration of 0.001%

With the exception of the extracts is identical to the properties of the synthetic detergent is achieved by increasing the dosage of the mixture of surfactants 5-10% of alkaline protease by 0.5 to 1.0%

General assessment of the quality of synthetic detergent on the performance of the washing steps showed the decrease of the residual contamination in the introduction of CO2-extract a complex N 12 N 13, CO2-extract of hemp or grape seeds on average by 5% in comparison with about the C of a mixture of carrot seeds and sprouts of barley or hydrometcentre of these blended raw material mixtures, CO2-extract of hemp or grape seed or hydrometcentre and CO2-peppermint extract together with ingredients recipe makes mitigation of harmful effects on the skin, high quality washing, saving odorants.

The combination of complex surfactants and carbon dioxide extracts helps to preserve the natural condition of the skin due to the high content of lipid complex in extracts and the presence of a large number of perezharivaya substances.

Method of preparing a synthetic detergent is as follows: in the mixer for the preparation of compositions, equipped with a jacket for heating and agitator, load estimated number of surfactants, dyfonate, zeolite Na-A and/or sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium dougle acid, glass, liquid sodium, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium sulfate, optical bleach and water at a temperature of 70-90aboutWith, the composition is stirred for 10-15 min and then through the tank trap is pumped into the feed mixer, where are the final mixing of the composition for 10 minutes

Before applying for spraying the composition is subjected to homogenization with simultaneous Isola spraying through a nozzle into the drying towers. In the resulting powder was added sodium bicarbonate, an alkaline protease. Perfume, CO2extracts or GFK entered on the final coating.

The following is an example of the preparation of the formulation SMS per 1 ton of finished tools. Other examples are given in the table. 2.

In the reactor for the preparation of compositions load, kg: 100% sulfonic acid 76,0; soap powder 5,0; defeat 50,0; optical Brightener 1.0; glass liquid sodium 50,0; sodium bicarbonate 100,0; sodium tripolyphosphate 100,0; zeolite Na-A 50,0; sodium carboxymethylcellulose 12,0; sodium sulfate 495,5 and water. At a temperature of 70-90aboutThe composition is stirred for 15 minutes Then the finished composition through the tank trap is pumped into the feed mixer, which produces the final stirring for 10 minutes, the Composition is homogenized in a homogenizer for 15 minutes Then is pumped to the spray through a nozzle into the drying tower. The powder after drying is mixed with 8.0 kg of alkaline protease. The mixture 19,0 kg cintanya, 2 kg perfumes and 0.5 kg of a comprehensive CO2-extract from a mixture of sprouts of barley and hops, 0.5 kg of CO2-extract of grape seeds and 0.5 kg of CO2-mint extract is supplied in powder coating is Ksenia appearance of the skin the skin is elastic, there is no feeling of tightness and glossiness, no peeling.

Introduction in the production of a new SMS will expand the range of products demand.

POWDER DETERGENT containing a mixture of anionic and nonionic surfactants, complexing composition based on partially replaced by sodium salts aminomethylphosphonate, oksietilidendifosfonovaya, phosphorous and chloride-hydrogen acid-defeat, zeolite and/or sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium bicarbonate, glass liquid sodium, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, optical brighteners, alkaline protease, perfume, sodium sulfate and water, characterized in that it additionally contains a comprehensive CO2extract, or gidrometeotsentra from a mixture of hops and barley sprouts, or complex CO2extract, or gidrometeotsentra from a mixture of carrot seeds and sprouts of barley, CO2-extract or gidrometeotsentra hemp, or CO2-extract or gidrometeotsentra grape seed CO2-extract of mint or menthol, or a mixture of CO2-extract of peppermint and menthol in a mass ratio of 2 to 1 in the following ratio, wt.

The mixture is
Sodium tripolyphosphate is 0.01 to 20.0

Sodium bicarbonate 5,0 15,0

Glass liquid sodium 1,0 10,0

The sodium carboxymethyl cellulose 0,5 2,0

Optical brighteners 0,05 0,15

Alkaline protease 0,5 2,0

Integrated CO2extract, or gidrometeotsentra from a mixture of hops and barley sprouts, or

Integrated CO2extract, or gidrometeotsentra from a mixture of carrot seeds and sprouts of barley 0,001 1,0

CO2extract, or gidrometeotsentra hemp,

or CO2extract, or gidrometeotsentra grape seed 0,001 1,0

CO2-extract of mint or menthol

or

A mixture of CO2-extract of peppermint and menthol in a mass ratio of 2 1 0,001 0,5

Odorant 0,05 0,5

The sodium sulfate and water To 100.0

 

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