Optical device for monitoring the area outside spaces, not visible from the workplace pilot
(57) Abstract:Usage: in an aircraft, in particular in devices that provide the opportunity to monitor the area outside spaces. The inventive optical device for monitoring the area outside spaces, neprosmatrivaemoy from the workplace of the pilot, containing two optical channels, each of which is executed in the form of optically conjugate between a lens 2 mounted on the helmet of the operator of the eyepiece 4 and located between the optical-fiber bundle 6 and installed in front of the eyepiece 4 beam splitter 5, objective 4 is installed to control for individual vision, and the lenses 2 are arranged with a horizontal parallaxes corresponding to the radius of stereoscopic vision. 1 Il. The invention relates to an aircraft, in particular to a device that provides the opportunity to monitor the area outside world, which is not visible from the workplace of the pilot.The closest in technical essence to the invention is an optical device for monitoring the area outside spaces, blind with rnih between a lens, mounted on the helmet of the operator eyepiece and located between the optical-fiber bundle and installed in front of the eyepiece beam splitter.A disadvantage of the known device are reduced image with distorted depth of space, do not change in flight angle, stereo, zoom, mirror image, which causes a reverse reaction of the pilot, as well as to monitor cargo pilot is required to look away from the direction of flight, which affects the safety of the flight.The technical result that is achievable with the use of the invention is the improvement of the operational characteristics of the device, improving the efficiency and safety of works.The technical result is achieved by the fact that the eyepiece is installed with the possibility of regulation for individual vision, and the lenses are arranged with a horizontal parallaxes corresponding to the radius of stereoscopic vision.The drawing shows an optical device for monitoring the area outside spaces, blind from the workplace of the pilot.The device consists of a base 1 on which is litely 5 and connecting the lens 2 with the eyepieces 4 fiber optic bundles 6.The device operates as follows.From each lens 2, the image enters each eye of the operator through the fiber-optic harness 6, a beam splitter 5 and the eyepiece 4. Installed between the eyepiece 4 and the eye of the operator a beam splitter 5 is a semi-transparent or non-transparent mirror or a prism, allowing to observe the environment and imposed on it the image from the eyepiece 4, or the environment and the image from the lens 2 at different angles of view. The eyepieces 4 and the beam splitter 5 is fixed to the helmet of the operator with the ability to adjust the individual pupillary eye distance and the vision of the operator. The lenses 2 are installed with some stereo sound on a common ground 1 in the zone from which you want to monitor. Stereo imaging, optimal for each specific distance from the object of observation and can be adjusted remotely from the cockpit up to the maximum stereo effect.The use of the invention eliminates the disadvantages of the known devices and to achieve the technical result. OPTICAL DEVICE FOR monitoring the AREA OUTSIDE world, NOT ABOUT the almost conjugate between a lens, mounted on the helmet of the operator's eyepiece, and is located between the optical-fiber bundle and installed in front of the eyepiece beam splitter, wherein the eyepiece is installed with the possibility of regulation for individual vision, and the lenses are arranged with a horizontal parallaxes corresponding to the radius stereoscopical vision.
FIELD: measuring engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises manufacturing articles from various parts of the blanc, measuring their temperature elongation with the use of the interferometric dilatometer, and determining characteristics of irregularity of temperature coefficient of linear expansion. The characteristics of irregularity are determined by comparing the results of measurements for individual objects. The bottom reflecting member of the interferometer is made of the blank to be studied so that it has bearing face, reflecting surface, and height less than that of the blank. The bottom reflecting member and blank bear on the single plane by their bearing faces.
EFFECT: enhanced accuracy.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: aircraft trainers; training aircraft pilots under varying flight conditions.
SUBSTANCE: proposed complex trainer has set of onboard aircraft equipment connected with simulating unit of onboard equipment systems by two-way coupling, aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit and data base unit including data exchange units whose inputs are respectively separate inputs of data pack router, K system representation units, K units showing representation of objects, dispatcher of trainer missions whose separate inputs are connected with trainer configurator and trainer mission protective unit. Second input-output of onboard equipment simulating unit, inputs-output aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit, data base unit, K units for submitting representation , K units showing representation of objects and third input-output of trainer mission dispatcher are connected with separate inputs-outputs of data pack router.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities of trainer; enhanced stability of trainer missions to failure.
10 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns working-capacity control devices for aviation sighting and monitoring video systems, as well as for flight personnel training. The said device consists of collimator tube, bracket with prism, and light filter fixed at the exit face of collimator tube. Collimator tube includes cylindrical case with an objective lens at its exit end, and a running head attached by a slide to the entrance end face of cylindrical case with two horizontal guide rails. Ring seat of the running head has a grade rod inside, with illumination lamp in front of the rod. L-type bracket with a linear actuator is fixed at the outer side of running head. Grade rod consists of two clamping glasses and a removable slide, and is moving against the optic axis of the collimator tube.
EFFECT: higher reliability of working-capacity control of aviation sighting system video monitoring and application of working-capacity control as flight personnel training equipment.
SUBSTANCE: simulator has a system of onboard equipment, a simulator configurator and an instructor unit, data base unit, vehicle system simulation unit, vehicle behaviour simulation unit, training task controller and vision aids, all interconnected through a router. The simulator also has a manual control unit, an environment dynamic simulation unit, a tactical situation simulation unit and a module for adjusting visual models. The vision aids are made in form of a set of visual model units depending on the number of students, each consisting of a certain set of models for visual presentation of a fixed field of view and modules for producing visual presentation of the fixed field of view.
EFFECT: possibility of creating a visual environment for each student, equivalent to the real environment and created taking into account a specific task and position of the student on the simulator which is an imitation of the student's real position on a ship.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to area of training and entertainment. Game manipulators with elements of vehicle control, including steering wheel and pedals, are connected to personal computer. System of compressed air supply control for development of counter-current flow of air is connected to analogue-digital converter and comprises compressor or fan. Analogue-digital converter controls change of compressor or fan drive electric motor rotation frequency, and compressor or fan may inject air along a system of pipelines into reverses and change speed of movement of air, outgoing from electromagnet valves. Reverses are arranged at the front and at the sides relative to driver. Change of air motion speed is carried out depending on change of vehicle motion speed, which is done by acting at control elements. Analogue-digital converter also controls opening and closing of receiver electromagnet valves as vehicle motion direction changes depending on position of steering wheel.
EFFECT: invention provides for a fuller transfusion of actual vehicle driver feelings to a person, when imitating motion of this vehicle.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: according to the method, a coating with a circular shape formed on at least one test area is periodically rolled by wheels. The area comprises the following units - a stand with at least one pair of radially directed structures, kinematically linked with a propulsion device, which functionally form a dynamic system, a stand control centre lying in the central part of the area of a base platform on which there is drive installation, commutatively linked to the control centre and kinematically linked to the propulsion device of the working structures. The propulsion device is structurally and technically adapted to ensure rotational motion of said structures. Each structure of the stand includes a dynamic unit fitted with a cowling and a wheel, placed with possibility of dynamic action on the coating during its rolling, and a basic unit adapted to kinematically communicate with the dynamic unit and the propulsion device. The dynamic unit used is the front suspension of a vehicle. The kinematic connection of each basic unit of working structures of the stand with the dynamic unit is provided through an additional removable unit, and with the propulsion device - through hinges. The basic and additional units of the working structures are fitted with cowlings. The stand is fitted with apparatus for smooth braking and acceleration. The weight of all of the said links of each working structure, including cowlings, is selected based on the condition of ensuring the value of the dynamic load on the side of the wheel of the dynamic unit on the road surface which is similar to the load value provided by the wheel of the vehicle in real conditions. Structural modifications and versions are disclosed.
EFFECT: high accuracy of investigation results and high efficiency.
28 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: gaming armchair contains a framework connected to a seat, a panel for a game pad of a foot pedal type, and a backbone for a game pad of a steering wheel type. Gaming armchair is made collapsible. The framework consists of two frames pivotally mounted on the front of the seat so that, when chair is folded, the seat is located between the frames, which are the backbone of the armchair, and when chair is unfolded, the frames are located in front of the seat and form the backbone of the front of the seat. On the back of the seat a height adjustable support leg is fixed. The backbone for the game pad of a steering wheel type is hinged on one pair of angular frame sections located opposite each other, and the panel for a game pad of a foot pedal type is placed on the other pair. The pairs of angular sections of frames in the unfolded position of the armchair are located on the side of the frame more remote from the seat.
EFFECT: ability of quick and easy transfer of seat from the working position to the storage position.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Motion assembly that produces pitch and roll motions includes lower and upper plates. Pivotable coupling having upper and lower shafts extending from its centre is coupled between upper and lower plates. At least two linear actuators are coupled between plates. Extension and retraction of actuators pivots upper plate about pivotable coupling relative to lower plate. Vehicle includes two steerable propulsion wheels coupled to a chassis. Lower plate of a pitch and roll assembly, similar to that just described, couples to chassis via a slew bearing. Seating is coupled to upper plate. Seating rotates with respect to chassis via controlled rotation of slew bearing with reference to chassis. Seating can be rotated to point in any direction with respect to chassis regardless of direction steerable propulsion wheels move chassis.
EFFECT: higher reliability and improved functional capabilities of vehicle.
22 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of machine control training. Machine control reference created training record motions by means of systems of reference recording movements moved controls machine together with body part of student, who participates in control, providing repetition of movements, trainee is informed about errors in control in certain manner or prompted further action, editing reference recording to eliminate inaccuracies, recorded actions of trainee to control system for further analysis.
EFFECT: exclusion of training operator from training process.
SUBSTANCE: simulator for technical training of railway transport workers comprises instructor workplace equipment and trainees' workplace equipment. Instructor workplace equipment is made in the form of a single frame module with three liquid crystal displays installed in it, an acoustic warning system and control elements for inputting corresponding control commands and a program control module. The program control module contains an information processing unit, a program module of the instructor and a program module for controlling the workplaces of the trainees. The program control module is made with the possibility of two-way communication with the server of the train simulator to control a simulated scenario, as well as with the possibility of two-way communication and control of the workplaces of the trainees which contain program modules. Each workplace is assigned a unique identification number which is transmitted to the program module by the program module of each active workplace during activation of training scenarios to control the workplaces of the trainees to identify pluggable workplaces of the trainees and the correct separation of data flow between them. Data transmission and communication between the program modules of the workplaces of the trainees is carried out by the program module of the instructor's workplace and the server of the train simulator using the UDP protocol.
EFFECT: expanded functionality of the simulator.
6 cl, 2 dwg