Device for surface treatment of fibres
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the processing of fibres. The inventive device for surface treatment of fibres has a bath 1 filled with the drug 2 to a certain level. In the bath 1 partially submerged rotating shaft 3 roller 4. To the last pressed guide plate 5 mounted on the rack 6 by means of pins 8. The adjusting screw 7 and the spring 9 adjust the pressing force of the plate 5 to the surface of the roller 4. The rack 6 is rigidly fixed to the bracket 10 with a slot for the thread and sitepromotion 12. To the bracket 10 attached to the control plate 13 with the possibility of lateral movement in the plane of the bracket 10 through the adjusting screw 14. On the side of the bath set thread guide 15. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to the processing of fibres and can be used in textile industry for final processing threads, namely avevano processing, oiling, emulsione and application of other textile auxiliaries.A device for oiling the threads containing bath filled with lubricant, and partially immersed in it is in layer prepareimage solution on the surface of the roller is variable, which leads to the impossibility evenly apply the product on the surface of the filament, poor penetration of the drug into the surface layers of threads and poor quality of processing threads, additionally, the device does not prevent the winding of the thread in the cliff on a rotating platen.The claimed invention is directed to improve the quality of surface processing threads by improving the penetration of the drug into the surface layers of strands and reducing the consumption of prepareimage solution.The drawing shows the proposed device.The device contains a bath 1 filled with the drug 2 to a certain constant level, which is supported by the method of weight control, the rotating shaft is rigidly mounted thereon a roller partially immersed in a bath 1, drug 2, the guide plate 5 which is fixed on the rack 6 by means of pins 8 of the adjusting screw 7 and spring 9.The rack 6 is rigidly fixed to the bracket 10 with the slot (Fig. not shown) for filling the threads 11, sitepromotion 12 and the controlling plate 13, moving horizontally in the plane of the bracket with screws 14. On the side of the bath 1 is mounted thread guide 15.When the movement of the roller 4, the layer of the drug 2 moves in the direction of rotation of the roller 4, and when it encounters an obstacle in the form of guide 5, changes its direction to the opposite. When two threads increases the overall height of the layer of preparation 2 and any local vortex waves, resulting in foaming of the product 2, which improves its penetration into the surface layers of thread 11.Next, the thread 11 is supplied to the zone "B" between the plate 5 and the controlling plate 13, where the removal of excess product 2. The gap between the plate 5 and the controlling plate 13 is a control gap, the value of which is installed with screws 14. After siteprovides 12, the yarn 11 is fed to a winding device (not shown).For vibration damping and control the pressing force of the guide plate 5 to the roller surface 4 plate 5 secured to the rack 6 by using the guide pins 8 of the adjusting screw 7.Thus, to regulate the layers of the filament and the control flow of the drug occurs in two stages.In the first stage in zone "A" is the initial regulation of the amount of drug applied to the thread by setting on the path of movement of the drug 2 obstacles in the form of a plate 5, which reverses the direction of movement of the drug 2 on the opposite. In area "a" on the thread are turbulent forces arising from the interaction of two opposing streams of the drug, which improves the uniformity of deposition of the drug on the thread by improving the penetration of the drug into the surface layers of thread.In the second stage in zone "B" is the secondary regulation of the amount of drug applied to the thread, and quality control by removing excess product with thread, for this purpose between the plate 5 and the controlling plate 13 is set clearance, adjustable as by means of an adjusting screw 7 and spring 9 and by means of the screw 14. 1. DEVICE FOR SURFACE TREATMENT of FIBRES, containing bath and partially immersed in her rotating the roller, characterized in that it further comprises directing and controlling plate, means for controlling power clamp guide plate to the roller and the gap between the plates, rack, bracket with the PoWPA the Torah is rigidly fixed to the bracket, and the controlling plate is installed with the possibility of lateral movement in the plane of the bracket.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the means for controlling power clamp guide plate and the gap between the plates is made in the form of screws and springs.
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, non-circular weaving equipment, for example, weaving units.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has shaft disposed between columns and adapted for carrying of rotary lever with rotating pressure roll, and spiral spring. Shaft is immovably fixed between flat columns attached by means of bolt-type protrusions to vertically arranged base. Spiral spring is mounted on shaft and spring ends are fixed on rotary lever and on one of columns. Shaft is made stepped and is equipped with basic end portions terminating in threaded parts. Flat columns have rectangular portions continued with bolt-type protrusions. Column arranged at the side of spring end has cylindrical opening for accommodation of rectilinear end of spring. Cylindrical recess provided in rotary lever hub aperture on its internal surface at the side of arrangement of spring is adapted for accommodation of rectilinear end of spring.
EFFECT: improved operating characteristics and operating conditions.
6 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: according to the method, broken thread exiting drafting device is soaked in solution, by means of its compaction, rove is formed, and formed rove is wound onto reels of cross winding, which are chemically treated and then processed into yarn. Broken thread is soaked with electrochemically activated aqueous solution with oxidation-reduction potential from minus 1000 mV to plus 1000 mV, acidity of 2-11 pH at the temperature of 16-40°C, and produced rove, not earlier than in 30 minutes after the formation, is processed into yarn.
EFFECT: faster process of rove formation and preparation for spinning, reduced power inputs from 4200 kJ/kg to 3 J/kg and water consumption for chemical treatment of rove, rejection of chemical agents, which makes it possible to reduce costs of recycling coming as a result of chemical treatment of rove by solutions, and elimination of bulk and expensive equipment for chemical treatment of rove.
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the textile industry, in particular to flax spinning production, where, at the last manufacturing step, to produce flax yarn the semi-finished in the form of roving is used. The method of formation and preparing flax roving for spinning, according to which, broken thread exiting drafting device is soaked in electrochemically activated water solution with an oxidation-reduction potential from minus 1000 mV to plus 1000 mV and the acidity of 2-12 pH at the temperature of 16-40°C. And the wetting is carried out directly to the cavity of the chemical reactor designed for obtaining electrochemically activated water solution.
EFFECT: invention enables to reduce the time, to reduce energy and water consumption for chemical treatment of roving, refuse chemicals which can lead to lowering disposal costs resulting from chemical processing of roving, solutions.
2 cl, 2 dwg