Polymer composition to obtain a film

 

(57) Abstract:

The use of the invention: hothouse and greenhouse farming. The inventive composition includes about 0.001 to 1.00% complexed europium and complex compounds of a metal selected from the group comprising yttrium, lanthanum, bismuth, terbium, gadolinium and lutetium, when a molar ratio of from 1 : 0.1 to 1 : 100 and injection - molding the rest. table 1.

The invention relates to compositions for the preparation of films based on thermoplastic polymers, activated luminescent compounds, and may find application in greenhouses and greenhouse agriculture.

Known polymer composition for film coatings for agricultural purposes on the basis of polyethylene with the addition of the activator thenoyltrifluoroacetone europium with 1,10-phenantroline, benzoylbenzoate europium with 1,10-phenanthroline and benzoylbenzoate europium from 4.4-dipyridil, which is used as a polymer film covering for greenhouses, hotbeds and greenhouses. However, the known polymer composition has a low intensity luminescence and photostatically.

Also known polymer composition comprising a suspension polivi oltretorrente, Hairdryer-1,10-phenanthrolin or Unit (GFAU)32 TFFO, where GFAA hexafluoroacetylacetone, TFFO triphenylphosphine or their mixture.

Known composition is applicable only for polymeric coatings based on PVC. Use it for other thermoplastic polymers leads to a low photostationary and luminescence intensity.

The closest of the present invention to the technical essence and the achieved effect is known polymer composition to obtain a film comprising a thermoplastic and a complex compound of europium composition of the Eu(acid)3D, where acid nitrate group, hexafluoroacetylacetone, thenoyltrifluoroacetone, benzoyltrifluoroacetone, dibenzoylmethane, D-1,10-phenanthrolin, trioctylphosphine, 2,2-dipyridyl, Vexillology, tributyl phosphate, oil sulfoxidov in the following ratio, wt. The polymer 98-99,999 Connection europium 0,001-2

Known polymer composition has a red luminescence with maximum radiation in the region of 612 nm. However, polymeric materials are not quite resistant to prolonged training of UV light and have a relatively low intensity luminescence.

The purpose of the invention improve the light is ice, including thermoplastic and complex compounds of europium, further comprises at least one compound of a metal from the group of Y, La, Bi, Tb, Lu, Gd in a molar ratio of Eu/Me from 1:0.1 to 1:100 in the following ratio, wt. The complex compound of europium and a complex compound of the metal of 0.001-1 Thermoplastic Else

As thermoplastic polymers can be used polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polystyrene, polymethylmethacrylate, polycarbonate, polyamide, copolymer and other thermoplastic polymers.

Used polymer polyethylene has a high pressure (LDPE) according to GOST 16337-77 (brand 10803-020, 15803-020, 10803-08, 15803-08), granulated, tpl.105-108aboutC.

The PVC matrix is a suspension of PVC 70 and is generally used in the industry for manufacturing selskohozyaistvennyh coatings, plasticizers, lubricants, heat, light stabilizers. PVC is mixed with a plasticizer, such as DAP (di-2-ethyl-hexylphthalate), a lubricant, such as BHT (2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-METHYLPHENOL), with thermo stabilizer barium stearate.

Polystyrene-granular polymer with temperature processing 220-260aboutC.

Poly is propylene low pressure (BOT) granulated transparent polymer with temperature processing 270-300aboutC. Has a high strength as well as softness and flexibility.

Polycarbonate (daflon) transparent granular polymer with tpl.260-290aboutC.

Polymethylmethacrylate is made in accordance with THE 6-01-67-72. The composition is prepared suspension polymerization of methyl methacrylate and additives. Processing is carried out at 180-220aboutC.

As luminescent complex compounds of europium take compounds in which the ligands are acid residues of organic and mineral acids, is able to sensitize the luminescence of europium ion, such as nitric, hydrochloric, phosphoric, benzoic (BC) and its derivatives-type o-methoxybenzene (IBC), benzoylbenzene (BBK), phthalic (CFT), terephthalic, acrylic and its derivatives methylmethacrylic, methylacrylate (IAC), nicotine (NC), picolina (PC) and their derivatives, brown (CDF) and its derivatives, acetic acid (CA) and its derivatives type triperoxonane (TFU), trichloro-, diphenylalanine acid, Caproic (CAP) and its derivatives, naphthoic acid (NFC), salicylic acid, fatty acids aliphatic series, quinoline-carboxylic acid, sorbic acid, arylpyrazole, polycarboxylic acid (mal is-acetylacetone (AA), benzoylacetone (BA), dibenzoylmethane (DBM), triflluoroacetylacetone (TN), benzoyltrifluoroacetone (BTFA), hexafluoroacetylacetone (GFAA), thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA), phenylmethylsulphonyl (PMBP), 2-azetidinone (2-AD) with nitrogen - or oxygen-containing neutral donor ligands such as 1,10-phenanthroline (Hairdryer), water (H2O), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), vexillological (DGSO) pyridine (P), 1,2-dipyridil (DP), trioctylphosphine (TOPO), triphenylphosphine (TFO), tributyltinoxide (TBTO), triethylamine (tea), tributylamine (TBA), hexamethylphosphorotriamide (GMFA), diethylamine (deja), etc.

Compounds of europium with the remnants of organic or mineral acids are crystalline powders pale pink color, melting point above 160aboutC. Complex compounds are soluble in most polar and non-polar solvents.

The process of preparing polymeric materials on the basis of the proposed polymer compositions is as follows. Thermoplastic polymer pre-mix thoroughly with the appropriate number luminescing compounds of europium and additional metal and then by the Oia, photostationary phosphors samples of polymeric materials were subjected to accelerated laboratory testing in particularly harsh conditions of irradiation of a mercury lamp CES-250 for 5-15 h, which corresponds 120-360 days finding film under natural solar irradiation. Photostationary was defined as the time at which the initial luminescence intensity decreased by half. The intensity of luminescence was measured on the device DL-1, the transparency of the films in the visible region spectrophotometer M-40.

For sample preparation of polymeric materials on the basis of the proposed polymer composition in the laboratory weigh prerequisites: integrated europium salt, salt additional metal, thermoplastic polymer, thoroughly mixed, and then pressed in a laboratory press at a temperature of melting, cooling and receive a film thickness of about 100 MK.

The compositions of the polymer compositions described in the examples and the test results obtained on the basis of polymer films in the table.

P R I m e R 1. A portion of the polymer composition 100.0 g, containing 0.1 g luminescense complex compounds Eu(NO3)22 dryers and 0.1 g of compound additional metal in the form of Y(NO3)22 dryers (the ratio of Eu:Y 1:1.1) and is 99.8 g of LDPE, thoroughly mixed, and then pressed in a laboratory press at 140aboutWith cool and get spectra. The resulting sample is irradiated under the lamp CES-250 for 5 h and measure the residual intensity of the luminescence. The original intensity of the luminescence of the film, activated only connection europium, before the exposure is taken for 100% when the concentration of the activated additive, equal to the total concentration of europistas connection and additional metal.

Characteristics of the obtained film, the Original intensity of the luminescence 144 the Intensity of lumines - zenzie after 5 h irradiation 39 Transparency in the visible region 87

Feature film

activated only Eu(NO3)32 Hairdryer, 0,2 Initial luminescence intensity 100 Intensity lumines - zenzie after 5 h irradiation 18 Transparency in the visible region 79

Polymer compositions described in the other examples, are prepared analogously to example 1, except ratios of the components used compounds and types of polymer matrices.

P R I m m e R 2. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(NO3)32 Hairdryer 0,2 La(NO3)32 Hairdryer 0,2 Lu(NO3)32 dryers of 0.2 Molar ratio of 1:0,99:1,09 PVC composition Eu La Lu 99,4

P R I m e R 3. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(NO3)32 D composition contains, wt. Eu(TTA)3Hairdryer 0,001 La(TTA)3Hairdryer 0,009 ratio Eu La 1 9.2 Polypropylene 99,999

P R I m e R 5. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(GFAA)32 TFFO 0,3 Gd(GFAA)32 TFFO 0,1 Lu(NO3)32 DP 0.1 ratio of Eu Gd Lu 1 0,38 0,67 polycarbonate 99,5

P R I m e R 6. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(BTFA)3DP 0,5 La(NO3)36 H2About 0.5 ratio Eu La 1 2,3 polycarbonate 99,0

P R I m e R 7. The polymer composition contains, by weight. EU(DBM)3H2About 1.0 Per(DBM)3H2About 0.5 ratio of Eu Tb 1 0.5 polymethylmethacrylate 98,5

P R I m e R 8. The polymer composition contains, by weight. UOM(BA)3Hairdryer 0,002 Gd(BA)3Hairdryer 0,003 Y(NO3)3Hairdryer 0.001 ratio of Eu Gd 1 1,55 0,91 polymethylmethacrylate 99,994

P R I m e R 9. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(BA)32 TOPO 0,4 Gd(SHORT)30.4 ratio of Eu Gd 1 2.4 polyethylene 99,2

P R I m e R 10. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(BA)32 TOPO 0,0003 Gd(SHORT)32 TOFO is 0.0002 ratio Eu Gd 1 0.67 polymethylmethacrylate 99,9995

P R I m e R 11. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(BA)32 TOPO 0,1 Gd(SHORT)32 TOPO 0.4 Ratio of Eu Gd 1 4.1 polymethylmethacrylate 99,5

P R I m e R 12. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(TFAA)33 TBT 0,5 Y(TFAA)3Bi(TTA)3Hairdryer 0,3 La(TTA)3Hairdryer 0.2 ratio of Eu Bi La 1 2,63 1.8 polystyrene 99,4

P R I m e R 14. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(DBM)32 TFFO 0,8 Y(DBM)32i, TFFO 0,1 La(NO3)32 DP 0.1 ratio of Eu Y La 1 0,13 0,28 polypropylene 99,0

P R I m e R 15. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(GFAA)3The tea 0,01 La(GFAA)3The tea 0,01 Bi(NO3)32 Hairdryer 0.02 ratio Eu La Bi 1 1 2.6 polymethylmethacrylate of 99.96

P R I m e R 16. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(AA)3TBA 0,5 Y(AA)3 TBA 0,3 Gd(NO3)32 DP 0.2 ratio of Eu Y Gd 1 1 0,68 0.4 polypropylene 99,0

P R I m e R 17. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Tb2(TPA)33 H20.5 Eu2(TPA)33 H2About 0,4 Gd(NO3)32 DP 0.1 ratio of Eu Gd Tb 1 1 1.9 polyethylene 99,0

P R I m e R 18. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu2(TPA)33 H2ABOUT 0,1 Y2(TPA)33 H2About 0,1 Lu2(TPA)33 H2About 0.1 to La2(TFAA)3DP 0.1 ratio Eu, Y, Lu, La 1 1,2 1 1 polypropylene 99,6

P R I m e R 19. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu2(TPA)3GMFA 0,4 Gd2(TPA)3Hairdryer 0,4 Tb2(TPA)3GMFA 0.2 ratio of Eu Gd Tb 1 1 0.5 polyethylene 99,0

P R I m e R 20. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu2(TPA)
P R I m e R 21. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu2(TPA)3Hairdryer 0,0008 La2(TPA)3TOPO 0,001 Gd2(TPA)30.001 ratio Eu La Gd 1 0,1 0,16 polystyrene 99,999

P R I m e R 22. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu2(TPA)3TBT 0,0001 Gd2(TPA)3TBT 0,0001 Lu2(TPA)3P is 0.0002 ratio Eu Gd Lu 1 1 2 polypropylene 99,9996

P R I m e R 23. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu2(TPA)3DEJA 0,2 Y2(TPA)3Deja 0,2 Bi(O3)37 DP 0,2 Lu2(DFC)30.2 ratio of Eu Y Bi Lu 1 1,1 1,6 1 polystyrene 99,2

P R I m e R 24. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Gd(IBC)33 H2About 0,05 Eu(IBC)33 H2About 0.05 Ratio of Eu Gd 1 1 polycarbonate 99,9

P R I m e R 25. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(IBC)33 H2ABOUT 0.3 Y(IBC)3DGSO 1,1 Gd(CH3COO)33 H2About 0.2 ratio of Eu Y Gd 1 2,3 1,6 polystyrene 98,4

P R I m e R 26. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(IBC)3the dryer is 0.0002 La(MLL)33 H2About 0,0004 Gd2(TPA)33 H2About 0.0001 ratio Eu La Gd 1 2,4 0.59 polymethylmethacrylate 99,9993

P R I m e R 27. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(KOR)30,1 Bi(SHORT)30,4 La(SHORT)30.5 ratio of Eu Bi La 1 3,5 5 polymermetal/SUB> Hairdryer 0.1 ratio of Eu Gd Lu 1 0,78 0,71 polymethylmethacrylate 98,8

P R I m e R 29. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(KOR)30,01 Tb(Cl)36 H2About 0.50 ratio of Eu Tb 1 80 polycarbonate 99,49

P R I m e R 30. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(AK)3H2About 0.05 to La(BBK)32 TFFO 0.05 ratio of Eu Lu 1 0,28 SEC to 99.9

P R I m e R 31. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(BBK)32 TFFO 0,02 Tb(NO3)32 dryers 0.08 ratio Eu Tb 1 7,98 BOT 99,9

P R I m e R 32. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(MAC)3Hairdryer 0,05 Gd(AA)3Hairdryer 0.05 ratio of Eu Gd 1 0,92 polyvinyl chloride 99,9

P R I m e R 33. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(TTA)3Hairdryer 0,001 La(TAA)3Hairdryer 0,099 ratio Eu La 1 100 polyvinyl chloride 99,9

P R I m e R 34. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(FMBP)32 TBA 0,1 Tb(FMBP)32 TBA 0,2 Lu(FMBP)32 TBA 0.2 ratio of Eu Tb Lu 1 1,99 2,12 BOT 99,5

P R I m e R 35. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(BBK)3Hairdryer 0,2 Y(BBK)3Hairdryer 0.1 polystyrene 99,88 ratio Eu Y 1 5,33

P R I m e R 36. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(SK)3Hairdryer 0,001 Tb(SK)3Hairdryer 0,009 ratio Eu Tb 1 8,9 polyethylene 99,99

P R I m e R 37. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(AA)3Hairdryer 0,0005 La(AA(NO3)32 DMSO 1,0 Gd(NO3)32 DMSO 0.5 ratio of Eu Gd 1 0,047 polyethylene 98,95

P R I m e R 39. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(KOR)30,01 Gd(SHORT)31.10 ratio of Eu Gd 1 110 polyethylene 98,99

P R I m e R 40. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(KOR)30,96 Y(CO3)33 H2About 0.04 ratio Eu Y 1 0.08 polystyrene 99,0

P R I m e R 41. The polymer composition contains, by weight. Eu(KOR)30,01 Gd(SHORT)30,60 ratio Eu Gd 1 60 polyethylene 99,39

POLYMER COMPOSITION TO OBTAIN a FILM comprising a thermoplastic and a complex compound of europium, characterized in that, to increase light and the luminescence intensity of the film, it additionally contains at least one compound of a metal selected from the group comprising yttrium, lanthanum, bismuth, terbium, gadolinium and lutetium, in a molar ratio of complex compounds of europium and complex compounds of metal 1 0,1 1 100 in the following ratio, wt.

The complex compound of europium and a complex compound of the metal 0,001 1,000

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