Method of removing moisture and fluids from one or more bodies and a device for its implementation
(57) Abstract:Usage: for the treatment of patients with burns and optimal humidity, removal of the fluid from different phone inventive preliminary drying air, followed by evaporation of the liquid from the air and from the body of the patient using the device, which consists of a Cabinet with the chamber filled with granules in the form of balls and a closed sheet, distribution chamber, the pump chamber of the two compartments, where the evaporator and the heater, condenser, compressor, fan and a pressure sensor. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill. The invention relates to medical equipment, namely, beds, designed primarily for placement of patients with burns, and can be used in various medical institutions.Known bed to accommodate oboe negative containing chamber with pellets, sheets of wire fabric distribution chamber with a porous partition, the system of air power in the form of filter, pump, heater, cooling units, control equipment with the remote control.A disadvantage of the known beds is that it is not provided by pre-drying air, evaporation of the liquid and optimum humidity in the room.This goal is achieved by a method and device for removing moisture and fluids from one or more bodies, including a layer of granules that absorb liquid is exposed to air with controlled temperature with subsequent formation of a fluidized bed of granules, in the form of balls placed in the chamber beds, equipped with a sheet of wire fabric distribution chamber with a porous partition, and the system of air power in the form of filter, pump, heater, cooling units, control equipment with the remote control, enter the preliminary drying air supplied into the chamber with pellets, which pseudogout with subsequent evaporation of the fluid through the introduction of a system of air supply air chamber separated by permeable partition into two compartments, and evaporating means in the form of a compressor and condenser with fan and heater.In Fig.1 shows a bed, a General view of Fig.2 section a-a in Fig.1; Fig.3 a schematic cross-section of a more General application of the device.The device shown in the drawings, has the air is, fine cloth "Policon" with a permeability of 50 μm. Sheet 1 closes the chamber 2, which is filled with a material in the form of beads, for example, granules of calcium glass type "Natron", has an antiseptic effect.The bottom with the camera 2 is reported the distribution chamber 3, which leaves highway 4 air supply. The partition between the air chamber 2 and the distribution chamber 3 is formed by a porous wall through which air in the chamber 2 is carried out as evenly so that under the action of the incoming air fluidization occurs filler under the underlying surface 1. In the result, the patient will be in the fluidized bed, which repeats, which results in a uniform support of the patient.Therefore, should be chosen such temperature fluidized bed, which would be the most comfortable for the patient. The implementation of such measures exclude the formation of bedsores.Used for the fluidization air, which flows through the channel 4, is preheated in a special conditioning device, which is indicated in General position 5. This device is l 7, which is located in the air chamber 8, to which is connected at the same time bringing the nozzle 4 and the supply line 9. Ambient air, indicated by arrow R1served in the supply pipe 9 through the air pump 10 and is drawn from the area surrounding the device through the opening 11 in the lower part of the Cabinet.The operation of the air pump 10 is controlled by the pressure sensor 15 so that constant pressure fluidization regardless of the body weight of the patient.Evaporative means includes a part of the cooling system, which also includes a compressor 12 and a condenser 13. The capacitor 13 is equipped with a fan 14 for heat dissipation. The compressor 12 regulates the flow of refrigerant, such as freon, the connection lines in the direction of the arrow P2through evaporative means 7.In the chamber 8 in the compartment 8' under the evaporator 7, a heating coil 16, which is installed in the connecting line between the compressor 12 and the condenser 13.The air entering the channel 9 from the pump 10 may be subjected to preliminary heating of the electric heating element 17.The principle deist, the pump 10 and the channel 9 if necessary, it may be subjected to preliminary heating of the heating element 17 before entering the air chamber 8. In the cooling there is air drying: dried thus air enters pseudovariety layer 2 through the channel 4 and the distribution volume 3 and may be returned to the environment through the sheet 1. Relative humidity and temperature are regulated so that in therapeutic relationship he was most acceptable to the patient. When removing moisture and liquids from the air through the chamber 8 on the side of the evaporator can be formed drip liquid condensate which is collected in the lower compartment 8. In this compartment there is a heating element 16, a part of the circulation of freon, which after cooling of the air in the air chamber 8 is heated freon in the compressor 12, after which the heated refrigerant is returned to the heating element 16, where the evaporation flowing condensate. Further, the refrigerant is condensed in the condenser 13. The proposed schematic has the additional advantage that all taken from the patient's body fluid, which is returned in the distribution allows the removal of such excess fluid due to evaporation. Moist air is withdrawn from the evaporator compartment 8 into the environment outside the device in question, which contributes additional humidification of the ambient air compared to the dried process air 5 used for the liquefied layer 2.For effective treatment, the temperature of the fluidized bed may be 26aboutWith which is maintained constant when the temperature of 20-35aboutC and relative humidity of 85% of the pressure in the system vozduhoplavaniya maintained at 420 mm water. Art. regardless of the surrounding air pressure and weight of the patient. The volume flow of air is preferably 52,9 m3whereby the relative humidity of the ambient air may vary in the range of 35-85% Maximum relative humidity of fluidized air is 72%
As granular absorbent filler used calcium maintenanced glass type "Natron", which, with the above parameters has 1.5 times higher viscosity than water. Under this condition, the immersion of the patient in the liquefied layer is of the order of 10 cm, which provides the necessary "floating" treatment.Air is introduced into the distribution chamber 20 through line 23 under the action of a fan or blower 24. If necessary, the line 23 may be equipped with a dehumidifier 25 of any type. This dehumidifier can be performed in the example discussed with reference to Fig.2.In contrast to the considered example in this case there is no need to evaporation flowing down the liquid in the heating element 16.In the air-distributing chamber 20, the layer of granulated filler 21 pseudogiants above the partition 19, resulting in a drained items easily ignored in the layer, can linger in the layer within the specified time depending on the feed rate R1and then deleted in the drained condition. Due to the turbulence of the fluidized bed wet balls filler 21 continuously adelaidean is not limited to the examples presented implementation, for example, to provide the desired evaporation heating element 16 can be made electric. However, there is a possibility of using any other source of heat. The heating element 16 can be placed in the Assembly capacity, which is separated from the air chamber 8, which may communicate with the distribution area 3 and pseudoviruses camera 2. 1. Method of removing moisture and fluids from one or more bodies, which apply a layer of granules that absorb fluid, secreted by the patient, and give it the effect of the air flow with adjustable temperature with a subsequent formation of a fluidized bed, in which are immersed body, characterized in that, to increase the effectiveness of treatment, carry out a preliminary drying air supplied into the chamber with pellets that pseudoainhum with subsequent evaporation of the liquid formed during the drying air from the patient's body.2. A device for removing moisture and fluids from one or more bodies, including the bed with a sheet of wire fabric, the camera with the granules in the form of balls of calcium glass, with the camera mounted between cameras porous lane equipment with remote control, characterized in that, to increase the effectiveness of treatment by pre-drying of air, evaporation of the liquid and optimal humidity, the air supply is provided with an air chamber, an evaporating means, consisting of a compressor and condenser with fan and heater, and the air chamber are connected by a pipe with the pump and the distribution chamber.3. The device according to p. 2, characterized in that the air chamber is divided into two compartments permeable partition.4. The device according to PP.2 and 3, characterized in that the cooling unit is placed in the upper compartment air chamber and connected with the compressor and the condenser, and a heater placed in the lower compartment and is connected with the condenser and compressor.
SUBSTANCE: method involves opening palatine suture to normal palate shape with slight width hypercorrection of superior dentoalveolar arch. Device having cap covering parietooccipital area, rubber braces, facial arch composed of intraoral arch and two lateral extraoral parts. Intraoral arch ends are fixed on the sixth maxillary teeth. The device is applied for acting with forth directed upwards and backwards towards the crown of head. A force is applied to the sixth maxillary teeth arranged symmetrically relative to the palatine suture. Force of 300 to 400 g is applied to each side of the maxilla for 12-14 h per day to reach occlusion normalization in sagittal and vertical plane.
EFFECT: accelerated treatment course; improved cosmetic results.
8 dwg, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out gingiva retraction, forming L-shaped notches on central incisors medial surface and cutting edges. L-shaped reinforcing members produced in advance in conformance with the notches are arranged in the notches filled with fluid composite. The reinforcing members are set 1-1.5 mm below incisor cutting edges level. Guided polymerization of vestibular, oral and cutting surfaces being over, diastem is eliminated by coating medial surface of incisors layer-by-layer with composite material selected for being applied to frontal teeth group. The central incisors are polished and cutting edge is adjusted to recreate anatomical shape.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has partial removable palatine plate prosthesis bearing artificial temporary. The palatine plate has an anterior and two lateral segments connected to each other by means of screw in the anterior palatine fornix region allowing autonomous displacement. Cramp iron members are set on the fangs and on the boundary separating the anterior and lateral segments and on the second temporary molars. Shield for moving upper lip aside is placed in the area of dental arch defect along alveolar process with anterior segment. The shield forms slit between shield surface and gingiva. The shield is stretched to contact point of fang to the first permanent molar. Shield edge is made oval and congruent to transit fold contour.
EFFECT: cosmetically full-valued substitution of upper dental arch defect.
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has removable maxillary plastic plate and mandibular one. The plates are separate and joined with flexible tie rod. To provide uniform load distribution, the maxillary plate is manufactured as supporting member. The supporting member has arch in frontal part that is congruently adjacent to vestibular surface of the frontal teeth. The arch is manufactured from wire and rigidly connected to basis. Premolars and molars have cramp iron members on frontal contact surface. The mandibular plate is manufactured as mandibular alveolar part base and internal surface of lower teeth. The plate is fastened to dental row with cramp iron members and has flexible tie rod hooks.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; no disturbances to speech and chewing; self-standing replacement of flexible tie-rod.
SUBSTANCE: method involves introducing endoscope into maxillary sinus through a bed which depth corresponds or exceeds implant length. Auto-osteogenic tissue as biomaterial is laid on sinus fundus under endoscopic control through remaining beds. The auto-osteogenic tissue contains osteoblasts and chondroblasts in combination with finely granulated porous titanium nickelide having particle size from 1 to 1000 mcm. Implants are set.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; reduced risk of traumatic complications; improved implant integration conditions.
FIELD: medicine, oral surgery.
SUBSTANCE: one should cut mandibular branch through both cortical plates and spongy substance of the bone, carry out osteotomy of maxillary body at the level of pear-shaped foramens, vomer and pteromaxillary articulation at affected side, conduct additional osteotomy of pteromaxillary articulation at intact maxillary side, apply compression-distraction apparatus at affected maxillary side to fulfill compression and distraction of osseous fragments. The innovation in question enables to conduct operative interference since the age of 5-6 yr and provide individual schedule of distraction.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
2 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: medicine, oral surgery.
SUBSTANCE: one should apply compression-distraction apparatuses in area of mandibular angles, perform mental osteotomy, go on osteotomic line along mandibular body up to angles, compress osseous fragments followed by distraction of osteotomized mandibular fragment. The innovation enables to conduct therapy at the age of 5-6 yr.
EFFECT: higher cosmetic result.
2 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out X-ray examination and determining longitudinal axis tilt of retained tooth and computer tomography. Maxillary computer tomography is carried out in three-dimensional Descartes coordinates with central occlusion being preliminarily fixed with individual silicon gumshield. The gumshield has 2-4 mm thick bilateral occlusion surface. Calculated free space value being found greater than thickness (vestibulo-oral size) of the retained tooth, positive prognosis for successful moving out is determined by building geometrical model, carrying out mathematical analysis of received data. The calculated free space value being found equal to retained tooth thickness, prognosis for difficult moving out is produced. The calculated free space value being found less than retained tooth thickness, unfavorable prognosis for moving out is produced.
EFFECT: high accuracy in predicting orthodontic correction results in three-dimensional space.
18 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves making local anesthesia. Angular or trapezoid incision is done. Mucoperiosteal flap is separated. Projecting spongious bone tissue is withdrawn above the tooth crown, between the crown, roots and cortical plate from external and lingual surface with the exception of inferior surface. The tooth is extracted. The bone cavity is filled with Colapola KP sponge and 1-2 Alvostasa sponges. 1-2 apposition catgut sutures are placed. Laser radiation therapy is administered at the second day after the operation once a day for 3 min using Optodan apparatus. The first apparatus channel is used during the first 3 days, and the second one during the following 3 days.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; accelerated healing process.
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has mandibular base plate having members for separating jaws. The members for separating jaws are fabricated from 1.2 mm thick wire shaped as two parallel arcs. Each end of the first arc is fixed in the base plate between the canine tooth position and the first premolar position. Each end of the second arc is fixed between the first premolar position and the first molar position. Arc tops are joined with the base plate. The base plate has hard palate topography and is manufactured from flexible plastic. Supporting-and-holding cramp iron members are mounted on distal part of the base plate.
EFFECT: complete jaws dysocclusion.