Wall

 

(57) Abstract:

The inventive wall includes a wall panel, at least two vertical support element, on which the wall panel is mounted movably, the reaction element and at least one power reference device located between the upper edge of the wall panel and the bottom face of the reaction member. The reaction element is installed with the possibility of creating or perception of the external load and the reference device with the ability to create a constant effort to maintain external load or its perception by placing it at a constant height relative to the top edge of the panel. Provided by embodiments of the wall and its elements. 12 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.

Known wall made of logs. The logs of which make a wall, usually not stable in form, they shrink, even if they were subjected to drying before use. Shrinkage or settling of the logs is usually accompanied by a double effect. First, gaps are formed between the logs in the wall that need to be sealed to prevent water leakage through the wall, and secondly, shrinking the height of the wall amenitiesa the loss of stability of the whole structure, and the fact that it is impossible to completely close the doors and Windows.

The closest technical solution of the invention is a wall, including a wall panel, at least two vertical support element, on which the wall panel is mounted movably, the reaction element and at least one power reference device located between the upper edge of the wall panel and the bottom face of the reaction element.

In Fig.1 shows the proposed wall is a perspective view, and Fig.2 is the same, the section of Fig.3 is a schematic representation of one version support device of Fig.4 is a schematic representation of a second variant of the support device.

Wall 1 comprises a base 2, a few logs 3, a pair of uprights 4 and 5, at least one power support device 6 mounted on the upper edge of each wall 1, the reactionary element in the form of a beam 7, arranged on the supporting device 6.

In a wooden base 2 has a Central projection 8, which is the corresponding groove 9 in the bottom of the log walls. The base is fastened to the Foundation, which may be a standard concrete or wood.

You can use racks of various types. Type Stolichnoe cross-section with a rounded outer surface. Hours 4 occupy an intermediate position between the corners, they have a H-shaped cross-section with a flat inside and curved outside surface.

In columns 4 and 5 is made opposite the grooves 10. The dimensions of the grooves 10 correspond to the spikes 11, made at the ends of each log 3. Log 3, which have a smooth inner surface 12 and a rounded outer surface 13 also have spikes 14 and grooves 15, are made respectively in the upper and lower surfaces of the logs. Logs 3 correspond to each other, and they are fastened together, so that each beam 3 can be moved separately relative to the uprights 4 and 5.

A seal (not shown) laid in each groove, creating a seal at each joint between the beams 3. The seal may be made, for example, of foam.

One or more window frames (not shown) can be located in certain places in the wall 1. Door frame (not shown) can be placed between the posts 4 or struts 5 and 4. Door and window frames must be edges that can enter into the grooves 10 of the uprights 4 and 5 with the possibility of vertical movement within the slots 10.

In the process of erection of a structure, including the wall 1, kolh nails plates (not shown), etc. obtaining a relatively solid frame throughout construction. Use the appropriate amount of self-compensated reference devices for fastening closed beams. The supporting device is installed under the beam on the upper beam of each wall. When the load is attached to a supporting device, then all the resulting load is transmitted to the log in panel.

In Fig.3 and 4 show a pair of such self-compensated bearing devices 6, which are located at equal intervals on the upper edge of each wall 1, and on them rests the beam 7 with the load placed on it by creating a constant force regardless of the movement of logs 3 due to shrinkage or precipitation.

Samokonservatsii support device 6 automatically maintain the height of the beam 7 on the same level, thereby preventing the deformation, which may occur in the wall or building in the result of changes in altitude.

To the closed beam 7, as shown in Fig.2, farm attached to the roof 16 or it can be mounted design of the second floor.

The supporting device 6 shown in Fig.3, are hydraulic jacks installed between the top edge of the wall 1 and the corresponding element of the beam 7 CLASS="ptx2">

The advantage of such jacks is that they can be made essentially constant force on the beam 7, creating a constant load that is not dependent on the relative movement of the upper edge of the wall relative to the beams 7.

The supporting device shown in Fig.4, is self-compensated support is spring-loaded. The supporting device has a pair of end plates 19 and spring 20 located between them. The end plate 19 abuts the beam 7 and the upper edge of the wall, therefore, the spring 20 is compressed. The spring 20 is extended automatically when reducing the height of the upper edge of the wall 1 of settling or shrinkage of 3 logs, maintaining a constant force acting on the beam 7.

The force created by the spring 20, is changed depending on the degree of compression. However, the relatively large length of the spring provides a virtually constant even with significant movement of the logs in the wall.

The empty space 21 (see Fig.2) in which is located a support device (farm to the roof 16, is located between the upper edge of each wall 1 and the corresponding element of the beam 7. This cavity 21 is closed to cover Board 22, which is attached to the posts with screws, nails not affect the vertical movement of the wall 1 with respect to the uprights 4 and 5.

Wooden wall elements 1 are treated with a protective substance under pressure, ensuring the penetration of substances inside each element. This reduces the shrinkage of the wood and its exposure to variable climatic conditions. Walls can withstand any load, such as a farm for a roof or upper floor, the floor of which rests on the bottom floor, and the force remains virtually unchanged regardless of vertical movement of the logs in the wall due to settling or shrinkage of the logs. This makes it possible to reduce the structural instability of the building.

1. WALL, including wall panel, at least two vertical support element, on which the wall panel is mounted movably, the reaction element and at least one power reference device located between the upper edge of the wall panel and the bottom face of the reaction element, characterized in that the reaction element is installed with the possibility of creating or perception of the external load and the reference device

with the ability to create a constant effort to maintain external load or its perception by placing it at a constant height relative to the upper edge is of akrata.

3. The wall on the PP.1 and 2, characterized in that it is equipped with additional control devices.

4. The wall on the PP.1 to 3, characterized in that the supporting device are located at equal distances from each other.

5. The wall on the PP. 1 to 4, characterized in that each vertical column is performed with at least one groove, in which is mounted for moving the edges of the wall panels.

6. Wall under item 5, wherein the wall panel is made with spikes formed on its opposite vertical edges, each of which is mounted for movement in a groove made in the corresponding vertical support stand.

7. The wall on the PP. 1 to 6, characterized in that the wall panel made of composite stacked on top of other elements of length equal to the length of the wall panel.

8. Wall under item 7, characterized in that the elements mounted for movement in a vertical plane relative to each other and vertical support elements.

9. The wall on the PP.7 and 8, characterized in that each of the elements are made with a tongue and groove on the top and bottom surfaces.

10. The wall on the PP. 1 to 9, characterized in that it is n wood.

12. The wall on the PP.1 to 11, characterized in that at least the vertical support columns made of wood.

13. The wall on the PP.1 to 12, characterized in that the distribution element is designed in the form of a coating or overlay overlying floor.

 

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1 tbl, 1 ex

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