(57) Abstract:The inventive wall includes a wall panel, at least two vertical support element, on which the wall panel is mounted movably, the reaction element and at least one power reference device located between the upper edge of the wall panel and the bottom face of the reaction member. The reaction element is installed with the possibility of creating or perception of the external load and the reference device with the ability to create a constant effort to maintain external load or its perception by placing it at a constant height relative to the top edge of the panel. Provided by embodiments of the wall and its elements. 12 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il. Known wall made of logs. The logs of which make a wall, usually not stable in form, they shrink, even if they were subjected to drying before use. Shrinkage or settling of the logs is usually accompanied by a double effect. First, gaps are formed between the logs in the wall that need to be sealed to prevent water leakage through the wall, and secondly, shrinking the height of the wall amenitiesa the loss of stability of the whole structure, and the fact that it is impossible to completely close the doors and Windows.The closest technical solution of the invention is a wall, including a wall panel, at least two vertical support element, on which the wall panel is mounted movably, the reaction element and at least one power reference device located between the upper edge of the wall panel and the bottom face of the reaction element.In Fig.1 shows the proposed wall is a perspective view, and Fig.2 is the same, the section of Fig.3 is a schematic representation of one version support device of Fig.4 is a schematic representation of a second variant of the support device.Wall 1 comprises a base 2, a few logs 3, a pair of uprights 4 and 5, at least one power support device 6 mounted on the upper edge of each wall 1, the reactionary element in the form of a beam 7, arranged on the supporting device 6.In a wooden base 2 has a Central projection 8, which is the corresponding groove 9 in the bottom of the log walls. The base is fastened to the Foundation, which may be a standard concrete or wood.You can use racks of various types. Type Stolichnoe cross-section with a rounded outer surface. Hours 4 occupy an intermediate position between the corners, they have a H-shaped cross-section with a flat inside and curved outside surface.In columns 4 and 5 is made opposite the grooves 10. The dimensions of the grooves 10 correspond to the spikes 11, made at the ends of each log 3. Log 3, which have a smooth inner surface 12 and a rounded outer surface 13 also have spikes 14 and grooves 15, are made respectively in the upper and lower surfaces of the logs. Logs 3 correspond to each other, and they are fastened together, so that each beam 3 can be moved separately relative to the uprights 4 and 5.A seal (not shown) laid in each groove, creating a seal at each joint between the beams 3. The seal may be made, for example, of foam.One or more window frames (not shown) can be located in certain places in the wall 1. Door frame (not shown) can be placed between the posts 4 or struts 5 and 4. Door and window frames must be edges that can enter into the grooves 10 of the uprights 4 and 5 with the possibility of vertical movement within the slots 10.In the process of erection of a structure, including the wall 1, kolh nails plates (not shown), etc. obtaining a relatively solid frame throughout construction. Use the appropriate amount of self-compensated reference devices for fastening closed beams. The supporting device is installed under the beam on the upper beam of each wall. When the load is attached to a supporting device, then all the resulting load is transmitted to the log in panel.In Fig.3 and 4 show a pair of such self-compensated bearing devices 6, which are located at equal intervals on the upper edge of each wall 1, and on them rests the beam 7 with the load placed on it by creating a constant force regardless of the movement of logs 3 due to shrinkage or precipitation.Samokonservatsii support device 6 automatically maintain the height of the beam 7 on the same level, thereby preventing the deformation, which may occur in the wall or building in the result of changes in altitude.To the closed beam 7, as shown in Fig.2, farm attached to the roof 16 or it can be mounted design of the second floor.The supporting device 6 shown in Fig.3, are hydraulic jacks installed between the top edge of the wall 1 and the corresponding element of the beam 7 CLASS="ptx2">The advantage of such jacks is that they can be made essentially constant force on the beam 7, creating a constant load that is not dependent on the relative movement of the upper edge of the wall relative to the beams 7.The supporting device shown in Fig.4, is self-compensated support is spring-loaded. The supporting device has a pair of end plates 19 and spring 20 located between them. The end plate 19 abuts the beam 7 and the upper edge of the wall, therefore, the spring 20 is compressed. The spring 20 is extended automatically when reducing the height of the upper edge of the wall 1 of settling or shrinkage of 3 logs, maintaining a constant force acting on the beam 7.The force created by the spring 20, is changed depending on the degree of compression. However, the relatively large length of the spring provides a virtually constant even with significant movement of the logs in the wall.The empty space 21 (see Fig.2) in which is located a support device (farm to the roof 16, is located between the upper edge of each wall 1 and the corresponding element of the beam 7. This cavity 21 is closed to cover Board 22, which is attached to the posts with screws, nails not affect the vertical movement of the wall 1 with respect to the uprights 4 and 5.Wooden wall elements 1 are treated with a protective substance under pressure, ensuring the penetration of substances inside each element. This reduces the shrinkage of the wood and its exposure to variable climatic conditions. Walls can withstand any load, such as a farm for a roof or upper floor, the floor of which rests on the bottom floor, and the force remains virtually unchanged regardless of vertical movement of the logs in the wall due to settling or shrinkage of the logs. This makes it possible to reduce the structural instability of the building. 1. WALL, including wall panel, at least two vertical support element, on which the wall panel is mounted movably, the reaction element and at least one power reference device located between the upper edge of the wall panel and the bottom face of the reaction element, characterized in that the reaction element is installed with the possibility of creating or perception of the external load and the reference device
with the ability to create a constant effort to maintain external load or its perception by placing it at a constant height relative to the upper edge is of akrata.3. The wall on the PP.1 and 2, characterized in that it is equipped with additional control devices.4. The wall on the PP.1 to 3, characterized in that the supporting device are located at equal distances from each other.5. The wall on the PP. 1 to 4, characterized in that each vertical column is performed with at least one groove, in which is mounted for moving the edges of the wall panels.6. Wall under item 5, wherein the wall panel is made with spikes formed on its opposite vertical edges, each of which is mounted for movement in a groove made in the corresponding vertical support stand.7. The wall on the PP. 1 to 6, characterized in that the wall panel made of composite stacked on top of other elements of length equal to the length of the wall panel.8. Wall under item 7, characterized in that the elements mounted for movement in a vertical plane relative to each other and vertical support elements.9. The wall on the PP.7 and 8, characterized in that each of the elements are made with a tongue and groove on the top and bottom surfaces.10. The wall on the PP. 1 to 9, characterized in that it is n wood.12. The wall on the PP.1 to 11, characterized in that at least the vertical support columns made of wood.13. The wall on the PP.1 to 12, characterized in that the distribution element is designed in the form of a coating or overlay overlying floor.
SUBSTANCE: blockhouse facade for lining of internal and external walls includes two extended profile parts for lining of wall surface, which are installed one onto another, angular parts coupled with parts and installed in the form of cross connection of logs laid with an overlap, besides profile parts together with angular parts create an image of whole log structure. Profile parts are arranged as mirror-symmetrical in longitudinal direction and contain cross groove near their ends for opposite profile part of cross connection. Angular parts are arranged in the form of round log sections with cur surface that forms end, and also with opposite first flat joint surface and second joint surface adjacent to it, which matches external surface of cross profile part and angular part. Profile parts and angular parts create a set of component elements to create facade with formation of external and internal angle.
EFFECT: simplified assembly and manufacturing of facade parts.
17 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a wooden building the elements perceiving load are attached to inner side surfaces, limited with structural elements of the building, comprising stands, ties and horizontal elements so that to make it possible to close the front surface of the bearing wall panel on the outer side with front surfaces of structural elements on the outer side and front surface of the adjacent non-bearing wall on the outer side.
EFFECT: improved earthquake stability of a building.
7 cl, 26 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall structure includes an inner bearing layer, a frame for wall bordering, steam insulation, external bordering shields and an insulant. The inner bearing layer is made from prefabricated laminated blocks of horizontal cutting, coupled in corners and abutments of inner walls to outer walls with the help of laminated L-shaped and T-shaped inserts. Laminated blocks and inserts shaved only along one side face at the side of inner rooms are connected to each other along the height of the wall structure on pins glued into the lower face of each laminated block or insert when they are manufactured, and into seats 10 of the below mounted elements during assembly of the wall structure.
EFFECT: increased spatial stiffness of a building.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to erect multi-layer walls includes formation of at least one wall from at least two rows of lengthy elements laid onto each other. Each row is formed by means of coupling of lengthy elements at the angle by means of connecting units. At the same time the connecting unit is made in each lengthy element in the form of at least one lock slot, having depth and width equal to the sum of thicknesses of at least two lengthy elements coupled with it and forming a wall layer. At least one coupled lengthy element is installed with a lock slot upwards, where at least two lengthy elements are laid as coupled with it, from which at least one is laid by the lock slot downwards, and the other one is laid with the lock slot upwards.
EFFECT: reduced labour intensiveness of wall erection process and reduced time for their erection.
12 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall panel is made of rows of modules installed onto each other, connected to each other and made from profiled rectilinear elements, is equipped with an insulant and lining boards. Profiled elements are made of a glued veneer profile, comprising walls made of veneer, on which shelves of bars are fixed. At the same time profiled elements are fixed by three to form an equilateral triangle in plan, and their shelves are faced towards the centre of the module. The panel includes side modules, rectilinear elements of which form a right-angled triangle in plan, with a hypotenuse equal to the side of the module and the angle near the base equal to 60°. Modules and side modules are fixed to each other, and each module is fixed with both lining boards. Each row in the panel is made from upper and lower layers of modules, at the same time in the lower layer the modules are placed in contact with the adjacent ones and are faced upwards with their tops, and the modules of the upper layer are faced down with their tops and contact with their sides to the sides of the adjacent modules of the lower layer.
EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of a structure.
SUBSTANCE: collapsible wall structure includes: top and bottom plates, vertical posts between which rows of modules out of profiled straight elements form panels, heat insulator, and facing plates. Modules are made of glued plywood profile with plywood walls bearing shelves out of bars. Profiled elements are attached in groups of three elements forming equilateral triangles. Side modules are made of straight elements forming right triangle with hypotenuse equal to module side and base angle of 60°. Modules and side modules are interconnected, and each module is attached to both facing plates. Each module row consists of top and bottom layers. Module bases in bottom layer of bottom row and module bases in top layer of top row are attached to bottom and top plates, respectively. Vertical walls of side modules are attached to surfaces of respective vertical posts facing them. Glued plywood profile shelves face module centre.
EFFECT: enhanced bearing capability.
SUBSTANCE: building structure includes straight-line elements attached to each other and made from a glued plywood profile containing walls made from plywood and shelves made from bars fixed on the wall along longitudinal edges. There have been used three straight-line elements that are fixed so that an equilateral triangle is formed in a plan view; the shelves of straight-line elements face each other.
EFFECT: increasing carrying capacity of long glued plywood building structures owing to forming a stiff load-carrying element at their operation as part of panels, which is related to perception and redistribution of vertical loads.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to the method to manufacture a 3D building element. The 3D building element is mainly made of plate stocks of material cut by size. Stocks are stage by stage cut from at least one material band, and then connected to each other in the form of a building element.
EFFECT: reduced material consumption.
7 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a structure of stands connection with external and internal elements of building walls with the help of embedded parts, both angular and row stands are given a boxy shape, comprising external and internal links and embedded parts of square or rectangular cross section, besides, the external link and one of internal links of angular stands have a L-shaped or square cross section, and the second internal link of the same stands - cross section of one fourth of the circle; external and internal links of row stands are made with a U-shaped cross section or in the form of a solid insert of rectangular shape using in the body each angular and row stand, at least of two mounting seats, arranged from cuts and ledges entering into each other.
EFFECT: invention provides for universality, industrial quality, simplicity and convenience of manufacturing and assembly, reliability of operation and aesthetic appearance of the proposed structure.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, in particular to wall structures from wooden glued elements. Engineering problem is improving strength characteristics, minimising labour costs in construction of wall structures. Glued wooden element is in form of a stack of glued together vertically disposed slats with each other with congruent grooves and protrusions on its upper and lower sides, formed by displacement of at least one slat relative to other slat. Stack is made of an odd number of slats made of wood with longitudinal fibres of wood, and even - with cross arrangement. At ends of stack there are additionally congruent grooves and ridges with recesses and protrusions on upper and lower sides of ends of stack formed by displacement of at least one inner lamella relative to other lamella of stack. Stack is equipped with at least one pair of vertical through-channels.
EFFECT: disclosed is a method of assembling wall structures from said elements.
7 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings.
SUBSTANCE: panel comprises timber base formed of parallel board-like construction members. Timber base has at least two construction members. Each construction member is formed of two boards obtained by log sawing and includes at least partial wane sections. The boards are laid one onto another and are glued with each other so that narrow facial surfaces thereof rest one upon another.
EFFECT: decreased weight.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to woodworking industry and may be used for making slats. Said composition includes for inner layer 10-40% of rotten blank waste chips and 20% of wastes after roundup lumber chips as well as 40-70% of chips produced from pulp chips of PS grade with the help of binder based on low-molecular urea-formaldehyde resin and emulsion. Note here that said binder consists of low-molecular urea-formaldehyde resin of 60-62% concentration and aqueous solution of ammonia chloride of 20% concentration. Emulsion consists of the following components, in wt %: paraffin - 21, brown coal wax - 14, emulsifier - 1, water - 64.
EFFECT: lower material input, power savings, higher efficiency of equipment, lower toxicity.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a lightweight construction slab, in compliance with the restrictive part of paragraph 1 of the claim, to the use of lightweight construction slab to create the building shell, in compliance with the restrictive part of paragraph 10 of the claim; and to the method of manufacturing the lightweight construction slab, in compliance with the restrictive part of paragraph 11 of the claim. A lightweight construction slab (100) with a rectangular base shape and flatly interconnected layers (01, 02, 03, 04 …), each of which is formed by a plurality (20) of boards (2). The boards (2) of each layer (01, 02, 03, 04, …) on their lateral surfaces are connected with one another on the sides and on at least one principal surface (205, 205') have a plurality of grooves parallel to one another. The boards of the first and the second layer (01, 02) are oriented at a first acute angle (+α, -α) from 25 to 60° with respect to the longitudinal side surfaces (200, 200') of the lightweight construction slab (100). The boards (2) of the first layer (01) are oriented with respect to the boards (2) of the second layer (02) at an angle (2α). The lightweight construction slab (100) on at least two longitudinal lateral surfaces (101, 101') parallel to each other has at least one connecting tongue (102) and a connecting ridge (102') interacting with it with the form closure, for connecting with the form closure on both sides with lightweight construction slabs (100) made in the same manner. Wherein the boards of at least one layer are connected at the sides to one another with the form closure through the tongue (202) and the ridge (202), and the boards (2) of at least one layer (01, 02) located in the middle stratum (Ml) on both sides (205, 205') or, respectively, on both main surfaces (205, 205') are equipped with a first and a second plurality of grooves (3, 3') crossing one another at angles (γ) from 5 to 100°, the grooves of each plurality passing parallel to one another. The application of a lightweight construction slab and the method for manufacturing a lightweight construction slab are also described.
EFFECT: finding a simple solution, by means of which it is possible to make lightweight construction slabs having no tensions, if possible, with a sufficiently high elasticity and a high residual strength at strong bending; the possibility for applying the lightweight construction slabs in buildings in places subject to earthquake hazards should be ensured.
13 cl, 19 dwg