Way dushirovaniya and shower set
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to sanitary engineering, and in particular to methods of dushirovaniya using the beneficial influence of different water shower installation on the body of the consumer. The inventive method provides for prior water supply mixing flows of hot and cold water and the direction received mixed water with a given temperature difference between the streams to the consumer. Filing a separate thread to the consumer carried out cyclically. The installation includes the pipelines 1 and 2 valves 3 and 4 for supplying hot and cold water, mixer 5 with swivel spout 6 and switch "shower bath" 7, line 8 with a per capita net 9, an additional mixer 10 cruchaga 11, and the compensator 12 and the device 13 for cyclic water supply with lever 14. 2 s and 5 C.p. f-crystals, 8 ill. The invention relates to sanitary engineering and is intended for use in bathrooms living facilities and medical institutions, in showers, industrial and municipal enterprises.Closest to the proposed method is a method of dushirovaniya, consisting of separate transportation Hohenau the flow of water of uniform temperature, the resulting mixture flows directly transported before entering them to the consumer.The disadvantage of this method is that the temperature difference between the transported flow is not regulated and is always maximum, which by direct supply to consumers can lead to local overheating (temp) of the body of the consumer.The aim of the invention is the extension of functionality by eliminating overheating (cooling) of the body of the consumer and increase ease of use.Way dushirovaniya is separate transportation of hot and cold water, in the subsequent mixing of the flows of hot and cold water and the flow of the mixed water with a given temperature difference between the streams to the consumer that implements the spatial temperature contrast, which is conveniently called microcontrast, as this small adjacent areas of the surface of the skin of the consumer exposed to streams (jets) with a given temperature difference, water after contact with skin of the consumer is mixed to some average comfortable temperature.Additionally, in time, conveniently be called a contrast, as it is maintained automatically.The proposed method includes the usual dushirovanie as a private mode of operation and is implemented using a shower installation.In Fig.1 shows a shower, realizing microcontrast way dushirovaniya; Fig. 2 shower set, implements autocontrast way dushirovaniya; Fig.3 the primary and secondary mixers, longitudinal section; Fig.4 section a-a in Fig.3; Fig.5 a device for cyclic feed water, a longitudinal section; Fig.6 section b-B in Fig.5; Fig.7 section b-b of Fig.5; Fig.8 schedule of cyclical changes in temperature of the output water flow.Shower set contains the pipelines 1, 2 valves 3, 4 for the filing, respectively, of hot and cold water, mixer 5 with swivel spout 6 and switch "shower bath" 7, line 8 with a per capita net 9, an additional mixer 10 with the lever 11 "contrast".Shower set includes the additional compensator 12, a device 13 for cyclic water supply with lever 14 "frequency".Shower set (Fig.1) works as follows.Turning the switch 7 "shower-bath whose water through pipelines 1 and 2. In the "tub" filled tub located beneath the unit. In the "shower" cold and hot water separately entered in the optional mixer 10, which by means of the lever 11 "contrast" allows you to manually adjust the temperature difference in the cavities of the pipeline 8, the feeding two streams of water in the cavity of the shower grid 9, the output of which flows separately served to the consumer, i.e. implemented microcontrast way dushirovaniya.Additional mixer 10 can be constructively combined with the main mixer 5, and may be installed in the handle of the shower grid 9 or on the shower grid 9.Shower set (Fig.3) works as follows.In the "shower" cold and hot water separately entered in the optional mixer 10, which via a lever "contrast" 11 allows you to manually adjust the temperature difference in the cavities of the pipeline 8, the feeding two streams of water in the compensator 12 and the device 13 for cyclic feed water, combining the incoming streams in different ratios, change over time, periodic law, due to which the output device 13 for cyclic feed water and in the pipe 8 with d is Nestor 12 is designed to compensate for pressure surges type "hydraulic blow", resulting from the operation device 13 for cyclic feed water due to the rapid overlapping moving streams of water.Additional mixer 10 can be constructively combined with the main mixer 5 or compensator 12.Shower set (Fig.3) implements autocontrast way dushirovaniya.In Fig.3 and 5, movable seals, hinges indicated by the position 15, and the fixed sealing position 16.A concrete implementation of the mixer 5 is shown in Fig.3. The switch 7, acting on the thrust valves 17 and 18, in the "tub" allows hot and cold water to flow into the lower cavity of the mixer 5 and after mixing to fill the bathtub, and shower allows hot and cold water to enter without mixing in the corresponding upper cavity of the mixer 5 and further separate flows through the pipe 8 in additional mixer 10.Additional mixer 10 can be performed (Fig.3) in the form of a permanently connected washer 19 with two radial holes and the rotary disk 20 with the same holes. The force applied to the lever 11 contrast, the rotary disk 20 rotates relative to the washer 19 (Fig. 4 shows the rotation angle 90about the processes of obtaining the desired temperature differences at the outlet of the additional mixer 10 in the left and right cavities of the pipeline 8. The expansion joint 12 (Fig.5) represents, for example, a pipeline with a flexible partition between the left and right cavities.The device 13 for cyclic feed water (Fig.5) has an impeller 21, a shaft 22 which is placed a rotary valve 23, the stationary thrust washer 24, the latch 25, the sleeve 26, the clamping sleeve 27 that is located on the shaft 22 with the possibility of longitudinal movement and pivotally connected with the lever 14 "frequency", the presser plate 28, having the ability to move along the axis of the shaft 22, with on her retaining ring 29 having a groove in the latch 25, the blades of the impeller 21 is mounted on an axis 30 (Fig.7) which is rigidly fixed on the shaft 22 together with the restrictive ring 31, restricting the range of possible angular positions of the blades of the impeller 21.The device 13 for cyclic feed water works as follows.At the bottom position of the lever 14 "frequency" lock 25 is in the ring groove 29, which through the plate 28 stoparic shaft 22 with the impeller 21 which thus occupies the position with the lowest possible angular deviation from the vertical axis. While the rotary valve 23 is stationary, and its bypass hole to the same extent overlaps segmentlevel water almost regardless of the position of the lever 11 "contrast".With the gradual lifting of the lever 14 "frequency" clamping sleeve 27 increases the pitch angle of the blades of the impeller 21, the torque on the shaft 22 is increased, and when the output of the latch 25 from the ring groove 29 of the shaft 22 begins to rotate the rotary valve 23, which changes in time of the ratio of mixing water volumes of the left and right cavities of the pipe 8, which provides a change in the temperature of the soul on the periodic law: the greater the angle of the blades of the impeller has a large rate of change of the temperature of the output water flow. The maximum difference (spread) temperatures tomin, tomax in Fig. 8) is added by the adder 10. For the stable operation device 13 for cyclic feed water, the center of pressure of the impeller blade 21 must be located above the axis 30 (Fig.7).To improve the reliability (reduce shock loads on the blades of the impeller 21 at sudden flow of water into the device 13 for cyclic feed water) recommended center of gravity of the impeller blade 21 positioned below the axis 30 (Fig.7). The device 13 for cyclic feed water may also be implemented in the form of an Electromechanical actuator, in particular, for example, in the form of a stepper electric is the first remote control user.The use of the invention allows comparison with the known to extend the functionality, i.e., to provide, in addition to the usual dushirovaniya, spatial and temporal contrast temperature water flows within the specified limits, is supplied to the consumer and avoid overheating (hyperthermia) of the body of the consumer and to increase the ease of operation due to the hardware support modes dushirovaniya. 1. Way dushirovaniya, consisting in the separate transportation of hot and cold water in isolated cavities pipeline and water supply to the shower grid, characterized in that, to increase functionality by eliminating overheating (cooling) of the body of the consumer and improve convenience in use, before water in the shower net produce mixing of the flows of hot and cold water and the resulting mixed water with a given temperature difference direct separate streams to the consumer.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the supply of individual threads consumers carried out cyclically.3. Shower set containing piping with valves for cold and hot water mixer with cleanboot with a per capita net additional mixer, and the pipeline with a per capita net has a longitudinal hermetic bulkhead, separating the isolated cavity.4. Installation according to p. 3, characterized in that the main mixer is provided with an additional valve, and the body of the mixer is divided into the cavity, the upper of which is communicated with the corresponding cavities of the pipeline with shower grid, and each of the valves installed in the corresponding upper cavity.5. Installation on PP.3 and 4, characterized in that the additional mixer is made with a rotating disk with holes.6. Installation on PP. 3 and 4, characterized in that it is equipped with a device for the cyclic water supply installed on the pipeline with a per capita net for additional mixer, and placed between the compensator, while the longitudinal sealed wall of the pipeline with a per capita net installed at the site between the main mixer and device for cyclic feed water.7. Installation according to p. 6, characterized in that the device for cyclic feed water is the impeller on the shaft where the rotary valve.
FIELD: technical means of water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a water-mixing tap with contactless remote control and is pertinent to the technical means of water supply. The water-mixing tap with contactless remote control contains a body with a chamber for mixing of water and the tap-changer, feeding pipes, a discharge pipe with an outlet nozzle and an inlet-outlet head, an autonomous control-and- measuring block electrically connected with a source and a receiver of optical rays and with electromagnetic valves of water delivery. The outlet nozzle is made in the form of a centrifugal spraying injector forming a cone of finely dispersed uniformly sprayed water. The discharge pipe is made with a capability to accommodate a fiber-optical transducer with an external modulation, an outlet optical butt of which is placed in the inlet-outlet head of the discharge pipe and the opposite butt of the transducer is optically connected to the source and the receiver of the optical emission located in the autonomous control and measuring block electrically connected with the electromagnetic valves of water feeding. At that the electrical circuit of the block is made on the basis of the integrating circuit of accumulation of the signals of the measuring information. The technical result is a decrease of consumption of water and thermal energy used for its heating up, provision of the switch-on state of the tap only by availability of an object of treatment within the zone of control and at achievement of a combination of contactless of on-off turnings of the water feeding with electric passivity of the tap, its stability against action of electromagnetic interferences and origination of the false on /off switching, protection of sensing optical elements of the contactless drive of the tap against actions of vandals (versions).
EFFECT: the invention ensures a decrease of consumption of water and thermal energy used in the process, provision of the switch-on state of the tap just by availability of an object of treatment in the zone of control, protection against different types of interferences.
FIELD: sanitary facilities.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed to control water tap by pressing on pedal in public service and industry. Proposed device contains pedal and water tap body with shutoff member. Shutoff member of tap and pedal are furnished with bellows, or diaphragm, or plunger chambers. Said chambers are filled with liquid and are interconnected by flexible pipeline.
EFFECT: improved reliability of device, reduced cost of manufacture.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heating systems; liquid heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: under-ceiling non-evaporating widening tank of heating system has solid casing in form of a canister with level-metering pipe, widening space communicating with heating system and air space separated hermetically from widening space by soft membrane. Air space communicates with environmental air. Membrane is made inform of air bag. Neck of bag is withdrawn out of neck of casing and is connected hermetically with the neck. Plug provided with air hole is tightly inserted into neck of casing. Plug is fastened by screwed cap provided with air hole which is not aligned with hole in plug. Method of detecting of slow leaking of water from heating system is based upon the fact that temperature graph of the system is built in summer without heating. For the purpose values of water level in level-metering pipe of the tank at steady temperature are put along abscissa and values room temperature are put along ordinate; received calibrated curve is subject to calibration. The graph is taken as averaged temperature calibration graph and steady values of outside temperature are drawn above corresponding values of level. When taking subsequent measurements, the averaged temperature is determined again and if the value of level get lower it is assumed that water loss takes place because of leakage or evaporation of water caused by disturbance in leak-proofness of the air bag.
EFFECT: simplified design of tank; better degree of protection of membrane.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: domestic plumbing installations, methods for disinfection thereof, particularly for large reservoirs.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying disinfectant on installation surface and flushing installation with fresh water after disinfection operation finishing. Disinfection is performed by aerosol treatment carried out by accelerating anolyte particles up to speed of not less than 100 m/c. Anolyte with active chlorine concentration of not less than 100 mg/dm3 taken in amount of not less than 200 ml per 1 m2 of installation surface area is used as the disinfectant. Anolyte is used as aerosol with dispersity up to 100 microns and residence time of disinfectant on installation surfaces is not less than 30 min at positive temperature. Anolyte is sprayed by nozzle, centrifugal aerosol generator or high-pressure pump.
EFFECT: increased disinfection quality along with keeping ecological rules related to installation treatment and staff safety, increased depth of disinfectant penetration in installation surface and prevention of installation damage.
4 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: water facilities, particularly water delivery devices.
SUBSTANCE: delivery device in accordance with the first embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, flexible pipeline, filtered liquid outlet, shuttle valve arranged inside the body, executive tool mechanically connected to shuttle valve and providing switching from unfiltered liquid distribution to filtered liquid distribution from delivery device, as well as filter arranged in the body. Device in accordance with the second embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, flexible pipeline, filtered liquid outlet, unfiltered liquid outlet and shuttle valve arranged inside the body. The shuttle valve provides choice of liquid flow through filtered liquid outlet or unfiltered liquid outlet. Delivery device also has executive tool mechanically connected to the shuttle valve and providing switching from unfiltered liquid distribution to filtered liquid distribution from delivery device. Arranged in the body is filter. Device in accordance with the third embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, filtered liquid outlet, unfiltered liquid outlet and one shuttle valve arranged inside the body. The shuttle valve provides choice of liquid flow through filtered liquid outlet or unfiltered liquid outlet. Delivery device also has the first executive tool mechanically connected to the shuttle valve and the second executive tool mechanically linked with the valve. Device includes filter arranged in the body.
EFFECT: possibility to create water facilities adapted to be used in living or office spaces to selective serve filtered or unfiltered water to consumer, reduced occupied space when used with water tap connected to conventional water basin.
32 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: water supply, particularly sanitary repair-and-operational means thereof.
SUBSTANCE: leakage elimination method involves removing valve from threaded seat made in tap body; replacing sealing packing; securing guiding pipe in above seat of tap body; installing metal-cutting tool inside the guiding pipe, wherein metal-cutting tool is spindle having cylindrical part, metal-cutting head to remove defective metal layer from annular shoulder end, end part, along with movable limiter, which prevents axial movement of spindle and shank providing connection with drive means; removing defective metal layers so that newly formed end surface of annular shoulder brought into contact with sealing packing of shutoff valve is oriented transversely to inner cylindrical surface of guiding pipe; separating the guiding pipe from above tap body seat; connecting the valve to the tap; pressing sealing packing to end of annular shoulder enclosing water inlet orifice. Device for leakage elimination comprises tap body with threaded seat for valve connection and with annular shoulder enclosing water inlet orifice. Tap body also has water outlet channel. Threaded tap body seat is coaxial to annular shoulder. Guiding pipe is temporary secured to tap body seat having flat outer end surface transversal to inner cylindrical surface thereof. Spindle is arranged inside the guiding pipe and may perform predetermined axial movement and reversible rotation. Cylindrical surfaces of spindle and guiding pipe brought into contact are coaxial to threaded seat and annular shoulder. Metal-cutting head diameter exceeds outer diameter of annular shoulder. End surface of metal-cutting surface extends transversely to cylindrical spindle part.
EFFECT: increased quality of acting water tap usage and repair, elimination of water leakage and increased service life of the tap.
9 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly adapted for domestic or public use, as well as for railroad transport, production departments and service rooms as well as for hospitals.
SUBSTANCE: water is supplied through head having rod-provided reciprocal valve mechanism, body and return spring installed in inner cavity coaxially to the body, wherein the spring cooperates with water dose. Method involves lifting the rod, opening orifice providing water discharge during valve opening; accumulating water dose in the head; lowering the rod; closing orifice adapted for water discharge during valve closing and blocking water dose discharge. Constant magnet field is created inside the head with the use of annular magnet along with silver ionization, magnetization and charging of each water dose. The rod is produced of magnetic material including silver or silver coating. The rod may cooperate with conical normally partly compressed spring. Each water dose inside the head is magnetized and electrically charged by applying constant magnetic and alternate current fields thereto.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities and increased operational reliability.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly water supply systems, namely mixing taps.
SUBSTANCE: mixer comprises tank formed as a fixture connected to horizontal part of drainage pipe. The tank comprises body with seat. The mixer also has drainage system formed as isolated air cavity, which communicates upper part of tank interior with ambient space surrounding water flow at tank outlet area. The mixer is provided with valve having head, which has positive floatability in summary with the valve. The mixer has vessel made as horizontal connection pipe adapted to connect horizontal drainage pipe part with the tank. Connection pipe interior communicates with tank interior. Lower end thereof is located above contact area between the valve and the tank body seat. Upper part of connection pipe interior does not project over upper tank body edge. Cross-section of connection pipe interior is not less than that of drainage tank orifice. Connection pipe length is selected to provide summary volume of water accumulated inside the tank and inside the connection pipe, which is 1.5-2 times as much as that of water accumulated in the tank.
EFFECT: improved service performance and reduced water consumption.
3 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water.
SUBSTANCE: method involves using water tap with valve heads, discharge jet and nozzle connected to outlet end of discharge jet. The nozzle includes removable cylindrical body of non-magnetic material, namely bronze or brass, and disc with through orifices coaxially fixedly secured to lower body part. Hollow magnetic bush is arranged on the disc so that the bush is coaxial to the body. Conical spiral normally released spring is inserted in the bush and cooperates with water. The spring is made of silver or magnetic material covered with silver.
EFFECT: simplified structure, extended field of application, increased uniformity of water supply and enhanced water cleaning.
FIELD: water supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: hydrant comprises housing with inlet passage and at least one outlet passage, valving member mounted in the outlet passage and provided with the through passage, and rod for control of the valving member outside of the housing. The valving member is made of a rotation body. The hydrant is additionally provided with the normally closed valve. The inlet passage is inclined to at least one outlet passages in the housing at an angle greater than 0° and smaller than 180°. The through passage in the valving member is curved. The valving member is provided with at least one additional through passage for permitting coincidence of its inlet port with the inlet passage of the housing and its outlet port with at least one output passage of the housing. One part of the cut-off control member of the valve is set into the through passage of the housing, and the other part is set in the outlet passage of the housing.
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.
6 cl, 12 dwg