Way dushirovaniya and shower set

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to sanitary engineering, and in particular to methods of dushirovaniya using the beneficial influence of different water shower installation on the body of the consumer. The inventive method provides for prior water supply mixing flows of hot and cold water and the direction received mixed water with a given temperature difference between the streams to the consumer. Filing a separate thread to the consumer carried out cyclically. The installation includes the pipelines 1 and 2 valves 3 and 4 for supplying hot and cold water, mixer 5 with swivel spout 6 and switch "shower bath" 7, line 8 with a per capita net 9, an additional mixer 10 cruchaga 11, and the compensator 12 and the device 13 for cyclic water supply with lever 14. 2 s and 5 C.p. f-crystals, 8 ill.

The invention relates to sanitary engineering and is intended for use in bathrooms living facilities and medical institutions, in showers, industrial and municipal enterprises.

Closest to the proposed method is a method of dushirovaniya, consisting of separate transportation Hohenau the flow of water of uniform temperature, the resulting mixture flows directly transported before entering them to the consumer.

The disadvantage of this method is that the temperature difference between the transported flow is not regulated and is always maximum, which by direct supply to consumers can lead to local overheating (temp) of the body of the consumer.

The aim of the invention is the extension of functionality by eliminating overheating (cooling) of the body of the consumer and increase ease of use.

Way dushirovaniya is separate transportation of hot and cold water, in the subsequent mixing of the flows of hot and cold water and the flow of the mixed water with a given temperature difference between the streams to the consumer that implements the spatial temperature contrast, which is conveniently called microcontrast, as this small adjacent areas of the surface of the skin of the consumer exposed to streams (jets) with a given temperature difference, water after contact with skin of the consumer is mixed to some average comfortable temperature.

Additionally, in time, conveniently be called a contrast, as it is maintained automatically.

The proposed method includes the usual dushirovanie as a private mode of operation and is implemented using a shower installation.

In Fig.1 shows a shower, realizing microcontrast way dushirovaniya; Fig. 2 shower set, implements autocontrast way dushirovaniya; Fig.3 the primary and secondary mixers, longitudinal section; Fig.4 section a-a in Fig.3; Fig.5 a device for cyclic feed water, a longitudinal section; Fig.6 section b-B in Fig.5; Fig.7 section b-b of Fig.5; Fig.8 schedule of cyclical changes in temperature of the output water flow.

Shower set contains the pipelines 1, 2 valves 3, 4 for the filing, respectively, of hot and cold water, mixer 5 with swivel spout 6 and switch "shower bath" 7, line 8 with a per capita net 9, an additional mixer 10 with the lever 11 "contrast".

Shower set includes the additional compensator 12, a device 13 for cyclic water supply with lever 14 "frequency".

Shower set (Fig.1) works as follows.

Turning the switch 7 "shower-bath whose water through pipelines 1 and 2. In the "tub" filled tub located beneath the unit. In the "shower" cold and hot water separately entered in the optional mixer 10, which by means of the lever 11 "contrast" allows you to manually adjust the temperature difference in the cavities of the pipeline 8, the feeding two streams of water in the cavity of the shower grid 9, the output of which flows separately served to the consumer, i.e. implemented microcontrast way dushirovaniya.

Additional mixer 10 can be constructively combined with the main mixer 5, and may be installed in the handle of the shower grid 9 or on the shower grid 9.

Shower set (Fig.3) works as follows.

In the "shower" cold and hot water separately entered in the optional mixer 10, which via a lever "contrast" 11 allows you to manually adjust the temperature difference in the cavities of the pipeline 8, the feeding two streams of water in the compensator 12 and the device 13 for cyclic feed water, combining the incoming streams in different ratios, change over time, periodic law, due to which the output device 13 for cyclic feed water and in the pipe 8 with d is Nestor 12 is designed to compensate for pressure surges type "hydraulic blow", resulting from the operation device 13 for cyclic feed water due to the rapid overlapping moving streams of water.

Additional mixer 10 can be constructively combined with the main mixer 5 or compensator 12.

Shower set (Fig.3) implements autocontrast way dushirovaniya.

In Fig.3 and 5, movable seals, hinges indicated by the position 15, and the fixed sealing position 16.

A concrete implementation of the mixer 5 is shown in Fig.3. The switch 7, acting on the thrust valves 17 and 18, in the "tub" allows hot and cold water to flow into the lower cavity of the mixer 5 and after mixing to fill the bathtub, and shower allows hot and cold water to enter without mixing in the corresponding upper cavity of the mixer 5 and further separate flows through the pipe 8 in additional mixer 10.

Additional mixer 10 can be performed (Fig.3) in the form of a permanently connected washer 19 with two radial holes and the rotary disk 20 with the same holes. The force applied to the lever 11 contrast, the rotary disk 20 rotates relative to the washer 19 (Fig. 4 shows the rotation angle 90about the processes of obtaining the desired temperature differences at the outlet of the additional mixer 10 in the left and right cavities of the pipeline 8. The expansion joint 12 (Fig.5) represents, for example, a pipeline with a flexible partition between the left and right cavities.

The device 13 for cyclic feed water (Fig.5) has an impeller 21, a shaft 22 which is placed a rotary valve 23, the stationary thrust washer 24, the latch 25, the sleeve 26, the clamping sleeve 27 that is located on the shaft 22 with the possibility of longitudinal movement and pivotally connected with the lever 14 "frequency", the presser plate 28, having the ability to move along the axis of the shaft 22, with on her retaining ring 29 having a groove in the latch 25, the blades of the impeller 21 is mounted on an axis 30 (Fig.7) which is rigidly fixed on the shaft 22 together with the restrictive ring 31, restricting the range of possible angular positions of the blades of the impeller 21.

The device 13 for cyclic feed water works as follows.

At the bottom position of the lever 14 "frequency" lock 25 is in the ring groove 29, which through the plate 28 stoparic shaft 22 with the impeller 21 which thus occupies the position with the lowest possible angular deviation from the vertical axis. While the rotary valve 23 is stationary, and its bypass hole to the same extent overlaps segmentlevel water almost regardless of the position of the lever 11 "contrast".

With the gradual lifting of the lever 14 "frequency" clamping sleeve 27 increases the pitch angle of the blades of the impeller 21, the torque on the shaft 22 is increased, and when the output of the latch 25 from the ring groove 29 of the shaft 22 begins to rotate the rotary valve 23, which changes in time of the ratio of mixing water volumes of the left and right cavities of the pipe 8, which provides a change in the temperature of the soul on the periodic law: the greater the angle of the blades of the impeller has a large rate of change of the temperature of the output water flow. The maximum difference (spread) temperatures tomin, tomax in Fig. 8) is added by the adder 10. For the stable operation device 13 for cyclic feed water, the center of pressure of the impeller blade 21 must be located above the axis 30 (Fig.7).

To improve the reliability (reduce shock loads on the blades of the impeller 21 at sudden flow of water into the device 13 for cyclic feed water) recommended center of gravity of the impeller blade 21 positioned below the axis 30 (Fig.7). The device 13 for cyclic feed water may also be implemented in the form of an Electromechanical actuator, in particular, for example, in the form of a stepper electric is the first remote control user.

The use of the invention allows comparison with the known to extend the functionality, i.e., to provide, in addition to the usual dushirovaniya, spatial and temporal contrast temperature water flows within the specified limits, is supplied to the consumer and avoid overheating (hyperthermia) of the body of the consumer and to increase the ease of operation due to the hardware support modes dushirovaniya.

1. Way dushirovaniya, consisting in the separate transportation of hot and cold water in isolated cavities pipeline and water supply to the shower grid, characterized in that, to increase functionality by eliminating overheating (cooling) of the body of the consumer and improve convenience in use, before water in the shower net produce mixing of the flows of hot and cold water and the resulting mixed water with a given temperature difference direct separate streams to the consumer.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the supply of individual threads consumers carried out cyclically.

3. Shower set containing piping with valves for cold and hot water mixer with cleanboot with a per capita net additional mixer, and the pipeline with a per capita net has a longitudinal hermetic bulkhead, separating the isolated cavity.

4. Installation according to p. 3, characterized in that the main mixer is provided with an additional valve, and the body of the mixer is divided into the cavity, the upper of which is communicated with the corresponding cavities of the pipeline with shower grid, and each of the valves installed in the corresponding upper cavity.

5. Installation on PP.3 and 4, characterized in that the additional mixer is made with a rotating disk with holes.

6. Installation on PP. 3 and 4, characterized in that it is equipped with a device for the cyclic water supply installed on the pipeline with a per capita net for additional mixer, and placed between the compensator, while the longitudinal sealed wall of the pipeline with a per capita net installed at the site between the main mixer and device for cyclic feed water.

7. Installation according to p. 6, characterized in that the device for cyclic feed water is the impeller on the shaft where the rotary valve.

 

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