Device for automatic water supply in the irrigation system
(57) Abstract:Usage: water supply to the irrigation system or watering gardens. The inventive device includes a reservoir for water, drain and inlet pipes installed in the tank shut-off body and the rocker with the evaporator and managing cargo at the ends. Managing cargo placed in the upper part of the tank and the shut-off body provides a floating labyrinth chamber cavity through which the input channel connected to the cavity of the tank, and through the output channel from the drain pipe, while the labyrinth camera has the ability to swing the height of the tank and communicating with the managing cargo. The invention will provide relief device service, as well as greater sensitivity to the need for watering. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to agriculture and can be used to supply water to the irrigation system and watering gardens.As a prototype of the selected device to automatically supply water to the irrigation system that contains a water tank with a drain pipe, a closed tube is connected via a lever mechanism with karamitroglou is the need for much effort to open the drain plug, as it requires to overcome the pressure of a column of water equal to the height of the water level in the tank.To obtain sufficient strength of the opening of the tube must evaporation of large amounts of water from the evaporation tray, resulting in large time intervals between two irrigations.In addition, when the opening of the tube simultaneously with the release of water in the irrigation system starts at a special tube to fill the evaporation tray, which, in turn, will lead to a gradual closing of the tube, i.e., the consumption of water during the irrigation constantly decreasing.This complicates the control device reduces the sensitivity to the need of irrigation, i.e., reduces its operational capabilities.The aim of the invention is to facilitate maintenance of the device and increased sensitivity to the need for watering.This goal is achieved by the fact that the device containing the water tank with overflow pipe, a stop valve installed in the tank, and a yoke, the ends of which is placed the evaporator and managing the cargo, according to the invention, managing cargo placed in the upper part of the tank and the shut-off body is made in in the tank and communicating with the managing cargo in its upper position, when this cavity labyrinth of chambers are connected through the input channel with the cavity of the tank, and through the output channel from the drain pipe. The evaporator is equipped with a tray for collecting rainwater.If the labyrinth chamber is filled with water, it is afloat and doesn't let water out of the tank, and if water gets in the labyrinth the camera, it loses buoyancy and sinks and does not prevent water from siphoning out of the tank. The buoyancy of the labyrinth chamber can be adjusted so that enough will be a small effort on the part of the control of the load so that it is exposed to water.The drawing shows a General view of the device.The device comprises a reservoir 1 for a water inlet 2 and the drain 3 nozzles mounted inside the tank shut-off body. On the side wall of the tank in the upper part of the hinge is mounted to the yoke 4, one end of which is mounted managing the load 5, and the other evaporator.The evaporator consists of the evaporation chamber 6 is mounted in its side walls of the crossbar 7, on which are fixed Batiste wicks 8.The locking body 8 is a labyrinth chamber 11, imaus, thanks to the locking body has the ability to swing in a vertical plane with extreme positions on the tank bottom and in the upper part, where the labyrinth chamber 11 is in contact with the managing cargo 5.On the intake pipe 2 has a valve-float 13. From the bottom of the discharge pipe 3 is allocated tube 14 to fill the evaporator.The evaporator has a tray 15 for collecting rainwater, which flows into it. In the side wall of the evaporation chamber 6 has openings 16 for draining the excess water.In the upper part of the tank 1 has a stopper 17 of the regulations governing cargo 5.The device operates as follows. In the initial position the tank 1 is empty, the labyrinth, the camera 11 is in its lower position (shown dotted), evaporation chamber 6 is filled with water to the specified level and outweighs the load 5, which in the initial position abuts against the stopper 17.When filling the water tank 1 with water through the inlet pipe 2 and the valve-float 13 cavity "and" labyrinth chamber 11 water will not be filled due to the fact that its buoyancy is adjusted so that the upper part of the inlet channel 9 was higher than the level "ptx2">Stopping water supply to the tank 1 is provided with valve-float 13 which can be adjusted so that the water level with a sufficient degree of accuracy was the way in which the labyrinth chamber 11 will be in the area of reach of the steering cargo 5.As the evaporation of water from the evaporation chamber 6, its weight decreases. As a result, the rocker arm 4 is rotated, the load 5, acting on the labyrinth chamber 11, forcibly utaplivaet it so that the upper part of the inlet channel 9 will be below the water level in the tank 1. Water flows into the cavity "a" labyrinth chamber 11, under the action of its weight off the body loses buoyancy and sinks to the bottom position. Under the action of the water pressure in the tank will begin its outflow through the labyrinth chamber 11, the output of the channel 10 and the connecting flexible hose 12 to the drain pipe 3. Drain all water from the tank 1, for example, in irrigation, or any other distribution system 18. The air trapped between the remnants of water in the irrigation system and a new portion merging water is discharged through the tube 14. As the upper part of this tube is below the top water level in the tank 1, at the beginning of discharge of the water on neeley chamber is removed through the holes 16.After draining the water from the tank 1, its remains are removed from the cavity "a" labyrinth chamber 11 due to the siphon effect created by a drain pipe 3.After lowering the water level in the tank 1 valve-float opens and begins to feed the next portion of water. To ensure that there is a complete draining of the water from the tank 1, the flow of water going to drain through the pipe 3, should be significantly greater than the inflowing water flow through the valve is a float 13.After emptying the labyrinth chamber 11, the system comes to its original position, and the cycle repeats.The inclusion of the water drain may be blocked by increasing the evaporation chamber 6 rain water collected in the tray 15.Because the effort of embedding labyrinth chamber 11 is adjusted by changing its buoyancy, it can be set according to the value of much lower value than that required to lift the drain plug in the prototype, where necessary to overcome the pressure of a water column in the tank.The system has the ability to control the time interval between drops of water from the reservoir due to changes in shoulder application weight evaporation chamber.The same is Bladet greater compared to the prototype sensitivity to the need for irrigation, which is required, for example, during the growth of water-loving crops. 1. DEVICE FOR AUTOMATIC WATER SUPPLY IN the IRRIGATION SYSTEM containing a water tank with a drain pipe, a stop valve installed in the tank, and a yoke, the ends of which is placed the evaporator and managing the load, characterized in that the end of the rocker arm with the managing cargo placed in the upper part of the tank, and shut the body in the form of a floating labyrinth chamber with input and output channels installed with possibility of movement along the height of the tank and communicating with the managing cargo in its upper position, the cavity labyrinth chamber communicated through the inlet channel with the cavity of the tank, and the output channel is connected with the drain pipe.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the evaporator is equipped with a tray for collecting rainwater.
FIELD: irrigation systems used for automatic watering of plants on restricted area plots.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has accumulating vessel with bottom opening closed with valve, auxiliary vessel, two float valves, one of float valves being adapted for supplying of water into accumulating vessel and other float valve being adapted for cutting-off water supply. Valve floats are arranged in auxiliary vessel disposed below accumulating vessel bottom and connected by means of flexible pipes with hermetically sealed vessels provided with porous bottoms deepened into soil. When water is sucked through porous bottoms into soil, water level in auxiliary vessel is lowered and float valves are opened, with water being delivered into accumulating vessel through one of float valves. When predetermined water level is reached, valve for discharge opening is opened, water is supplied into low-pressure irrigation system and is further delivered through second float valve into auxiliary vessel. As a result, water level in auxiliary vessel is increased to cut-off water supply into accumulating vessel.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment used for prolonged automatic irrigation of house plants in pots through drain openings in case of prolonged absence of hosts, for example, during vacation.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has individual tray for receiving pot with flower and independent water supplying source provided with level regulator and positioned in consumer vessel thereof. Tray and consumer vessel are connected through flexible siphon having inlet arranged below water level set in consumer vessel and outlet whose end is provided with tongue to be attached in tray under pan bottom. Flexible siphon is made transparent and equipped with catch. Distance from site of attachment of catch to consumer vessel exceeds liquid level height therein. In order to water several plants, several flexible siphons may be used. Apparatus allows several plants to be simultaneously watered and/or volume of independent water supplying source to be increased.
EFFECT: reduced area of free water surface, reduced volume of water for providing desired water level in trays under pans.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: irrigation equipment used for automatic watering of home plants with predetermined doses.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has hermetically sealed reservoir with feeding liquid, outlet pipe disposed in lower part of reservoir and equipped with hydraulic gate, and air admission pipe disposed in upper part of reservoir. One end of air admission pipe is dipped into hermetically sealed reservoir and other end is equipped with sensor-moisture regulator. Lower end of pipe of sensor-regulator is filled with thin-filament material and is lowered into ground of container with plant. Overturning dosing ladle with magnetic retainer is positioned under outlet pipe on horizontal rotating shaft. Watering is performed when air penetrates through thin-filament material of sensor-regulator and air admission pipe into hermetically sealed reservoir. Liquid is discharged through outlet pipe into dosing ladle, which is automatically overturned upon filling thereof. Watering is interrupted when ground is impregnated with moisture and air is not delivered anymore into hermetically sealed reservoir.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing plant watering as it is requested by plant itself depending upon concrete conditions.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, automatic plant watering equipment.
SUBSTANCE: automatic plant waterer has water vessel connected through pipeline to control well equipped with control thread connected to block system provided with valve having two seats and mounted on two-position retainer. Pipes are adapted for dosed feeding of water into water dispensing vessels and further to plants. Drop irrigation rods made, for example, from copper are located in central openings provided in water dispensing vessel bottom parts. Water dispensing vessels are connected to each other through overflow pipes, which eliminate irregular and non-standardized water feeding directly to plants.
EFFECT: increased efficiency owing to automatic unmanned watering process.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has coupling made in the form of part produced by die casting from plastic and adapted for coupling of water reservoir 1 to hollow cone 9 manufactured from porous ceramics so as to define apparatus for individual feeding of predetermined amounts of water to roots of plants, in particular, pot plants. Coupling has three axially aligned portions, intermediate portion 4 formed as disk with central aperture 5, portion A consisting of one or two cylinders, disposed at one side of disk 4 and rigidly attached to cone 2, and portion B consisting, similar to portion A, of one or two cylinders equipped on their internal surfaces with thread. Said cylinders are arranged at other side of disk 4. Bottle 1 may be detachably threaded into said cylinders.
EFFECT: reduced manufacture cost, decreased area occupied by apparatus, enhanced reliability in operation, and provision for functioning without special adjustments.
11 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agriculture; drop irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed dripper has housing with inlet and outlet. Spherical protection chamber is made on inner surface of inlet, outlet hole arranged coaxially relative to chamber, and channels. Channels are made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis whose diverging parts pint to spherical protection chamber. Diaphragm provided with holes is installed for displacement over spherical protection chamber, outlet hole and channels. Dripper has upper threaded cover, float, circular chamber, additional diaphragm and lower threaded cover. Upper threaded cover is provided with inlet hole. Inner space of upper threaded cover is made conical float in form of hollow ball is freely fitted over diaphragm. Circular chamber is made concentrically to outlet hole and spherical protection chamber on bottom part of housing inlet. Circular chamber communicates with spherical protection chamber by converging parts of channels made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis. Main and additional diaphragms are of equal size and identical design. Holes in each diaphragm are made with displacement towards circular periphery edge. Inlet hole in upper threaded cover, outlet hole of housing and drain hole in lower threaded cover are coaxial. Replaceable diffuser is fitted in drain hole of lower threaded cover. Widened part diffuser is pointed towards additional diaphragm. Said widened part of diffuser has ring edge interrupted by radially orientated cuts. Depth of cuts and height of diffuser are at ratio of 1:(3-8). Lower cover is furnished with litter trap under additional diaphragm. It is arranged at housing outlet and is installed for displacement. Ring edge of diffuser is mated with additional diaphragm from rear side.
EFFECT: provision of uniform rate of watering and reliability of drop irrigation.
7 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for watering of plants in containers.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has distributing head to be connected to water-supply pipe, and feeding pipes spreading from distributing head and having unattached ends. At least one feeding pipe and/or distributing head has attachment device joined thereto. Said attachment device is used for hanging of apparatus to edge of one or more containers with plants.
EFFECT: reduced labor intensity during watering of plants in containers.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: drop watering rod is fitted in central hole of bottom of water reservoir. Said rod is anode and is connected to current source through diode. Cathode is installed of float in device reservoir provided with polyethyleneterephthalate partition and branch pipe for watering plants of northern latitudes with alkaline water. Branch pipe for watering plants of southern latitudes is arranged in area of anode for delivering acid water. Float is provided with maintenance handle. Drop watering rod is made of copper.
EFFECT: simplified layout, provision of possibility of soil acidity adjustment.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: irrigation systems for automatic irrigation of plants on restricted areas.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has accumulation reservoir with bottom opening closed with valve, auxiliary reservoir, two float valves, one of said valves being designed for feeding water to accumulation reservoir and other valve serving for cutting-off said feeding process. Valve floats are positioned within auxiliary reservoir positioned lower than bottom of accumulating reservoir and connected through flexible pipelines to hermetically sealed reservoirs having porous bottoms and embedded in soil. Drawing of water by soil through said bottoms results in reduction of water level within auxiliary reservoir. Float valves are opened and water is delivered through one of said valves into accumulating reservoir. On reaching of predetermined water filling level, discharge opening valve is opened and water is delivered into low-pressure irrigation system and through other float valve into auxiliary reservoir. Increase in water level within accumulation reservoir cuts-off feeding of water into this reservoir. During operation of high-pressure irrigation system, functioning of apparatus is regulated by filling of accumulation reservoir to certain small volume and stabilized by means of detachable reservoir adapted to be mounted on accumulation reservoir and having horizontal partition walls.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation of apparatus.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to automatic watering systems. The watering system consists of the water receiver tank, supply pipe, siphon with the start-up mechanism, suction knee and measuring tube connected with the atmosphere, hydraulic channel open to the siphon and distribution pipeline for plant watering. The supply pipe is equipped with the measuring valve with locking device. The siphon is made in the form of T-shape bend with two inlet fittings and one or two outlet fittings. One inlet fitting is connected with the start-up mechanism using hose, the other one - with the measuring tube, and the outlet fitting - with the hydraulic channel; thereby the outlet fitting is connected with the distribution pipeline via splitter. Distribution pipeline's end leads are equipped with tricklers. The strart-up mechanism of the siphon contains a hydraulic pump installed on the bottom of the receiver tanks and equipped with the electric starting arrangement with programmer and photoelectric sensor. The electric starting arrangement can automatically control the plant watering process using preset program.
EFFECT: automation of pinpoint plant watering process.
6 cl, 2 dwg, 4 tbl