The way of salvation of the population of cities in rooms with piped network, in case of accidents in the chemical industry, gas emissions of volcanoes and leakage of toxic substances
(57) Abstract:Usage: when the salvation of the population of cities in rooms with piped network, in case of accidents in the chemical industry, gas emissions of volcanoes and leakage of toxic substances. The inventive air compressors or mine fans in the premises at aqueduct after discharge from water with enabling his personal supply of each resident. The invention relates to the protection of the population, both collective and individual, from toxic substances generated during accidents at the enterprises of chemical industry, gas emissions of volcanoes and leakage of toxic substances, for example, during the destruction of chemical weapons.There is a method of protection of the population, which consists in placing people in the room, which is under pressure pure air compressors or mine fans .There is a method of protection requires special areas are prepared with pressurization systems and filtering.This method allows us to simplify protection, providing it in any room, equipped vodopada its residents, provided the danger of poisoning the cue tightly closed (in the kitchen in the bathroom window, door, ventilation shaft and open the water tap. In the city (or sector) stop flow of water from water stations, and upwind of the accident compressors or mine fans under pressure in the water supply (through fire hydrants) is fed clean air, which pushes the residual water in the water supply comes in every apartment from the faucet.Selection of the clean air prevents infected and is carried out before the downturn dangerous concentrations.Supplied air (if necessary) can be filterparams installation or molecular oxygen. For double warranty (survival) supply of clean air is supplied from the tap through a PVC (or rubber) hose (2-3 m) and tee-dispenser for every person.Special sealing of the premises is not needed since air is supplied in excess. Excessive (bleed) air will be an additional factor impeding penetration (due to backwater) toxic substances in the home or contribute to significant breeding in the air. THE WAY OF SALVATION OF THE URBAN POPULATION IN THE AREAS OF OBORUDOVANIU AND LEAKAGE OF TOXIC SUBSTANCES, consisting of air compressors or mine fans in the room, characterized in that the air in the room is served by water after discharge from water with capability personal supply each resident.
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: device may be used in sealed structures that operate under deficit of fresh air and impossibility of exhaust gases removal from working internal combustion engines, for instance from diesel-generators of civil defense structures during their complete isolation from environment. The device basis is inflatable shell 1, which is separated into several compartments 3, where exhaust gas is injected, which passes previously through gas cooler 15. Shell 1 installed in gallery of structure 7, displaces air from gallery along air duct 30 into diesel generator room 22 during injection of spent gases in gallery, thus normal operation of diesel generator is provided. On completion of complete isolation period, gas is removed from inflatable shell 1 into exhaust ventilation system along air duct 25, and from there - to atmosphere.
EFFECT: provision of high reliability of exhaust gases conservation due to separation of inflatable shell into several compartments.
1 ex, 2 dwg
FIELD: medicine, fire fighting equipment.
SUBSTANCE: method of indoors live-saving in outdoor air pollution consists in enabling a starting device and feeding excess pressure pure air in a premise through a feed line. Before feeding, pure air is pre-charged in a high pressure tank. A device comprises an excess pressure pure air source connected with the premise through the feed line provided with the starting device. The feed line is equipped by a throttle; the air feed starting device represents a starting valve. The excess pressure pure air source consists of a main and at least one auxiliary part each of which presents at least one pre-charged high-pressure tank with a charging crane. The main part is connected with a feed line in front of the starting valve and the throttle. The auxiliary part is connected with a feed line before a throttle through its own starting valve. The life-saving device comprises a distributor to enable the starting valve of the auxiliary part of the pressure source after reducing air consumption in the premise to admissible value.
EFFECT: reduced time required to enable pure air feeding in the premise, and eliminated effect on increasing preparation time for wind intensity and direction feeding.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: methods for people protection against hazardous substances.
SUBSTANCE: method involves reducing hazardous chemical substance concentration in ground atmosphere in residential area up to harmless value by dispersing thereof in atmosphere. The dispersion is preformed by extracting approach flow of air containing hazardous substances in ground area, following change of air flow direction, acceleration thereof and vertical ejecting air flow upwards as flat transverse jet.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of people protection.
FIELD: equipment for collective protection of human respiratory organs against hazardous or toxic substances.
SUBSTANCE: device is made as land-based line heat source which generates heat during natural gas combustion, tubular gas collector with perforated upper part and additional channel bordered with the upper part. The additional channel is defined by impermeable side longitudinal partitions and outer perforated walls. Perforated walls of additional channel are concentric and have relative lengths equal to 1/12 - 1/6 of circle perimeter. Number and dimension of perforated orifices in one wall are identical to that in another wall. Axes of perforations of one wall are arranged in staggered order strongly in center of space between corresponding axes of that of another wall. Outer wall of additional channel is continued in circumferential direction symmetrically in both sides and extends beyond side longitudinal partitions for total length equal to 1/2 of cylindrical shell perimeter. The wall has longitudinal perforations located near side longitudinal partitions. Partition width is equal to side longitudinal partition height. Tubular gas collector is located above ground surface and mounted on solid air-tight support.
EFFECT: increased reliability and operational safety during generating heat in amount enough for stable air-gas screen forming.
SUBSTANCE: method involves supplying respiratory gas mixture to human respiratory tract on rarefaction created by human lungs when inhaling with respiratory gas mixture composed of two portions being exhaled. The first exhaled portion comes from dead space of the respiratory tract and under-mask space of the individual respiratory organ protection appliance not having participated in pulmonary gas exchange process. It is collected and supplied for being used in the next respiratory cycle. The rest exhaled gas portion having participated in pulmonary gas exchange process is discharged outside of the individual respiratory organ protection appliance. The first exhaled portion volume discharged into respiratory sack(s) is restricted in a way to exclude consumption of air unusable for breathing by restricting respiratory sack(s) volume. Sack wall materials are selected in a way that filling pressure and rarefaction pressure when discharging are less than inhalation valve and exhalation valve pressure, respectively. Neck member is manufactured as parallel canals hindering turbulent airflow penetration from space under mask into breathing sack(s) when making intensive exhalation. An additional reservoir(s) is/are introduced into space under mask as respiratory sack(s) from flexible material. The respiratory sack(s) is/are connected to the space under mask and enclosed into rigid casing(s) of the volume required for excluding availability of air unusable for breathing.
EFFECT: spare consumption of respiratory organ protection appliance resources.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of deactivation, degassing, disinfection. The integrated device for deactivation, degassing, disinfection is mounted on a car base chassis and consists of a container which includes: a tank for liquid compositions, the device equipment, set of spare parts, tools and accessories. The device equipment comprises: a membrane pneumatic pump, equipment of electric pneumatic system, two-way valve, the system of pipe supply of solution; the distributing ramp with a fitting to feed the working composition to the object, device remote control. The equipment of electric pneumatic system comprises air pipes, a shut-off valve at the system inlet, a reducer, a solenoid valve, electric cables, air ducts of the pneumatic system of car base chassis through the receiver, a solenoid valve, the reducer is connected to the pump. The solenoid valve is connected by the electric cable to the remote control. The pump is connected by the pipes to the tank, the distributing ramp using the two-way valve.
EFFECT: increased productivity of special treatment and increased reliability of the device operation is achieved due to increasing the number of distributing ramp output fittings, providing multi-channel supply of the working composition.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: what is presented is a pharmaceutical composition in the form of a spray for treating a damage by non-lethal irritants (e.g. pelargonic acid morpholide), containing pediphene in the following proportions, wt/volume %: pediphene hydrochloride 0.01-10.0; sodium chloride 0.1-10.0; water for injections up to 100 ml. What is shown is the efficacy of pediphene in compliance with the declared application ensured by the local anaesthetic effect of the drugs.
EFFECT: drug preparation has no allergenic and immunotoxic properties.
3 dwg, 40 tbl
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a system to supply gas-liquid mixture to outlet diffusers which consists of a tank for the liquid being sprayed mounted on an armoured vehicle and connected to a compressed air cylinder mounted there as well, by means of air pipelines and pneumatic elements, and to a gas-liquid pipeline - by means of the outlet diffusers, and an engine exhaust smoke system. A three-position valve coupled with a pump and an electric motor, is installed on the gas-liquid pipeline on the side of its connection to the sprayed liquid tank, and a two-position valve coupled with a pump and an electric motor, is installed on side of the gas-liquid pipeline connection to the outlet diffusers. The electric motor pump, three-position valve and two-position valve are connected to a control board which is coupled with outlet diffusers and the compressed air cylinder via the pneumatics elements, and the outlet diffusers are installed in the upper part of the armoured vehicle turret and are rotatable and replaceable by foam diffusers.
EFFECT: possibility to perform complete special treatment and expansion of functional capabilities of a device.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for protection of crowded areas against contaminants and toxins. Claimed device comprises microprocessor set, environments analysis units, starting unit and unit to lock the set of electronics of the device control system. In compliance with this invention, claimed device comprises the camera connection instruction distribution unit, unit of cameras absorbing the toxins, unit of toxins attracting the toxins and cleaner-like unit. Note here that device starting unit is connected to microprocessor set unit. Besides, starting unit of I/O device is connected with instruction distribution unit and instruction interlocking unit with their input connected to microprocessor set unit, device starting unit and chamber actuation instruction distribution unit. Note here that chamber actuation instruction distribution unit is connected with toxins absorption chamber units. The latter are connected with the sets of devices that suck the toxins clouds and with cleaning complex set electrically connected with the device locking unit. Note here that cleaning complex set is connected via feedforward and feedback to air analysis units with their inputs and outputs connected to microprocessor complex and provided with video and audio signalling systems.
EFFECT: perfected design.
4 cl, 5 dwg