Device for supplying water
(57) Abstract:Usage: in the agricultural industry, in particular in devices for supplying water to the gardens on the slopes. The invention is: to simplify the construction and increase the efficiency of the device for supplying water contains buried in the soil at an angle to the pipe 1 with the holes 3, within which is placed a heat-distributing plate 5. To the upper part of the tube is attached a tubular nozzle 6 for penetration of the pipe into the soil. In the lower part of the pipe 1 is cut 2 with a plug. When holes are made alternately on facing up and down the sides of the pipe. 2 Il. The invention relates to agriculture and can be used for growing gardens on the slopes.Known subsurface fill containing tube, which is equipped with another pipe. Tubes plugged with one hand. In pipes with holes, and inside them there is a porous material.However, flowing in the water pipe enters with clay and scores all openings, while clay as well as drain-material, not only bad information and bad releases moisture. With this device the soil is deprived of oxygen, and that the FL - to simplify the design and improve work efficiency.The objective is achieved by using one pipe with butt plugged and holes are made along the length of the pipe.The tip is made sharp, so that you can push into the soil the lower holes on the outside of the pipe and the top to the bottom, to make it more or less uniform distribution of moisture in the area of the device based on the flow on the outer surface of the pipe inside the pipe temperatureresponsive device (copper wire), which redistributing heat, creating a suction of air and condensation of water on the pipe made the tabs so that you can additional pipe to drive the device into the soil. Due to stagnant areas remain water for condensation.In Fig.1 shows the device of Fig.2 is a concrete example of installation of the device.Device for supplying water contains buried in the soil at an angle pipe 1 having a slice 2 with a plug. The pipe 1 has openings 3, which are made alternately on facing up and down her sides, and the protrusions 4. Inside the tube 1 is placed a heat-distributing plate 5. To the upper part of the tube is attached a tubular nozzle 6 for the burial of the pipe in pocza.If the soil is soft, and the device is inserted for a short distance, it can push at an angle and hands, but below the top layer typically is clay, which creates stress. Pipe 6 large diameter and strike it with a hammer enter the pipe 1 into the soil, while the lower holes 3 are located at the top of the pipe, and the top - bottom tubes. Enter the moisture is provided by gravity into the pipe from the terrace by the condensation of air and force. Moisture is necessary to clean the hole 3 and the pipe. By ingestion of large inclusions device is removed, cleaned and inserted into place. The flow of water along the outer wall creates an entire length of the entrance into the soil. Tipoplastika 5 aligns temperature, provides the absorption and condensation. DEVICE FOR supplying WATER containing buried in the soil at an angle pipe with holes, characterized in that, to simplify design and improve work efficiency, it has placed inside the pipe heat distribution plate and a tubular nozzle for penetration of the pipe into the soil attached to the upper part of the tube, the latter in the bottom part is cut with a stub, and holes are made alternately turned on
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, subsurface moistening with mineralized water.
SUBSTANCE: subsurface irrigation system has steam-like moisture preparing unit, and supply pipelines hydraulically communicated with network of subsurface perforated moisteners having length sufficient for reaching upper boundary of soil layer with set moisture content. Area of perforation openings of moistener is increasing from the top to the bottom to provide moistening of vertical conical volume of soil around moistener widening toward lower end. Subsurface irrigation system allows plant growing conditions to be improved.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of water, decreased material and power consumption for operation of system, increased effectiveness and reduced agricultural product costs.
SUBSTANCE: method involves placing ferromagnetic markers on field, said markers being preliminarily aligned with part of pipelines of general irrigation pipeline complex; placing pipelines with markers on field in alternation with standard irrigation pipelines at pitch equal to width of agricultural unit; positioning pole pieces of magnetically sensitive detectors rotating in left-hand and right-hand directions at sides of longitudinal vertical plane of tractor between front rotating wheels. Middle pole piece is formed as rod and positioned in horizontal plane transverse to and in symmetry with respect to unit path axis between axles of tractor rear wheels and tillage tools first in the course of advancement of tillage unit.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of power for driving tractor along tilled crop spacings.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, process used for growing of plants in open ground.
SUBSTANCE: method involves placing moisture-permeable material onto surface around plants, said material being provided with openings for plants and with 0.5-1 cm wide and 10-20 cm long vertical ribbons made from moisture-proof material. During night, water vapors condense on vertical ribbons due to cooling and vaporization. Owing to large condensation surface of soil cover, large amounts of water may be condensed which are necessary for soil moistening.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by using natural water source such as water vapors of atmospheric air for soil moistening, reduced water vaporization from soil surface, and increased yield of farm crops.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, furrow irrigation of root crops.
SUBSTANCE: irrigation pipeline has underground distribution pipeline with branch pipes-water outlets equipped with elastic perforated pipes joined at their entire length with flexible linear spiral member. Connection of perforated pipes with branch pipes-water outlets is made in the form of movable heads provided with spring-loaded two-position valve and projections insertable into spiral slots formed on internal surface of branch pipes-water outlets. Irrigation pipeline of such construction enables free passage of irrigation equipment along furrows during inter-irrigation period.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing complete mechanization of works in supplying of water onto group of furrows and controlling of flow rate along pipeline.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, process which may be used in operation of irrigation systems.
SUBSTANCE: method involves feeding increased amount of water from water source into head part of pipeline to be flushed; providing circulation of water using pump connected through suction branch pipe to end shutter of irrigation pipeline and through discharge branch pipe to its head part; cutting off pump and providing hydraulic shocks within pipeline under flushing process at 3-5 min intervals, with alternating processes of water feeding under pressure and hydraulic shocking lasting during 20-30 min; controlling process effectiveness by state of end water outlets; upon removal of silt therefrom, cutting off irrigation pipeline from head part of pipeline under flushing process and discharging water containing suspended silt particles using pump providing high speed transportation of suspension. Utilizing discharged water for irrigation of lower lands. Method allows deposited slit particles to be removed from water outlets and be further utilized for enrichment of soil with organic substances contained in slit and washed out from water outlets.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation of free-flow irrigation pipelines and avoiding ineffective consumption of water.
SUBSTANCE: zonal sub-irrigation system comprising main channel or water duct, distribution pipeline, and irrigation pipeline with a plug at the end; zonal moisturisers made of perforated tubes, in the root area, water metering equipment, a fertiliser mixing and dispensing device. The distribution pipeline is equipped with graduated water flow taps. The irrigation pipeline is made of flexible tube pieces successively connecting the moisturisers, and is inclined to the planting row end. Moisturisers are made of open polyethylene tubes with a minimum length of 600 mm, with two branches at a level 200 mm lower than the upper end. Flexible tubes for feeding irrigation water from the water receiver are connected to the branches. The water receiver is installed freely above the planting horizontal and connected to the taps. The moisturisers are perforated at their lower ends, the perforation hole diameter being 2-3 mm.
EFFECT: even irrigation water flow rate and good access to irrigation pipelines for repairs.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns agriculture and can be applied in subsoil irrigation in plant cultivation devices. Device includes pipeline with through lengthwise slot with notches distributed irregularly over the slot length. Porous material is inserted by jamming one end into the through slot, and the free end of porous material features lengthwise and/or transverse cuts.
EFFECT: improved subsoil irrigation of plants.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural engineering, namely to the soil irrigation systems. The irrigation system comprises at least one irrigation unit containing a shell with perforated holes and connected to the water source and a filler with capillary properties. The irrigation unit is placed unconditionally in respect to the level of the water source; the irrigation unit shell is of a tubular form. Additionally the irrigation system comprises a feeding pipeline connecting the water source with at least one irrigation unit; the feeding pipeline has no perforated holes and is filled by a filler with capillary properties placed so that to contact with the source water.
EFFECT: irrigation system expands the range of water sources used and facilitates its installation in the field.
6 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, particularly to irrigation of soil and is designed for watering various plants. The method of plant inter-soil pulse discrete watering consists in supply of water inside soil with a syringe element in the process of chassis travelling along surface of soil by means of successive step-by-step in every 0.1-0.15 m embedding a lower end of the syringe element into soil at depth 0.05-0.15 m and pulse sprinkling of 0.1-0.3 sec duration into soil under 0.15-0.2 MPa pressure by discrete portions of 20-100 ml metered according to a watering rate. When a water supply pulse occurs, fissures in soil are locally washed out in the zone of a pulse; fissures are mudded; there is created a discrete moistened zone facilitating successive capillary distribution of moisture in specified volume of soil without gravitation draining.
EFFECT: method of successive step-by-step metered pulse supply of water into soil facilitates discrete soil moistening and uniform and stable development of individual plants with their root system spreading in watered plot area.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises unit of wheel chassis, unit of water supply, control unit, servo drive. On axis of wheel chassis unit there is a disk mounted with inner closed cavity communicated with unit of water supply. Disk is equipped with syringe elements for supply of water inside soil, which are connected to servo drive.
EFFECT: invention will make it possible to improve quality of watering due to provision of discrete stepwise supply of water to root system of plants.
5 cl, 4 dwg