The complex structures created in several phases of construction in the field of groundwater massif under waste disposal, and the method of manufacturing of complex structures

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the protection of underground facilities from exposure to groundwater. The complex of buildings includes located under the storage service roadway, slotted space and waterproofing layers. It has a number of drainage wells and put them in the drain pipes. Well communicated with the earth's surface, located at an acute angle to the vertical axis of the roadway and connected with the latter. The waterproofing layer is placed around the drainage pipes. Slotted space made under the sealing layer. A method of manufacturing complex includes three stages of construction. First of all construct a service roadway and drainage wells. In the second place in the rock surrounding the casing in the wells, through the drainage holes presoviet the seal material. In third place produce fricatives space and enter the sealing tab. Rock from sinking last through the service tunnel brought to the surface. 2 S. and 6 C.p. f-crystals, 10 ill.

The invention concerns a complex of buildings created in several phases of construction, in the field of groundwater massif under storage of waste intended in particular, for isolation of contaminants of waste by means of underground waterproofing structures, such as from groundwater.

The known method according to which parallel to the main drift is produced by the slit space using the appropriate apparatus to shield driving. At the same time constructed the sealing substrate. Extracted from sinking breed pressed on the side of the tabs behind the apparatus. Excessive breed shall be made on the earth's surface. Flowing down sealing the base of the seepage water can be discharged through the main roadway. On both sides of the store, and under it produced two passes in the longitudinal direction of the repository drift. With the help of machines for longwall mining is produced passing mainly horizontally or with a slight inclination relative to the horizontal slit space, which does not appear on the surface of the earth. The inlet of the face and mouth of the face adjacent to the roadway. The roadway adjacent to the mines.

Known technical solution is costly and, despite the great technological costs, does not meet the requirements of waterproofing technology. In fact, under granulometry - to create a structure for enclosing the storage of waste for construction which does not require expensive research and geological conditions, including groundwater levels and seepage in the environment and under the repository, and create a method which can simply and reliably in relation to function to create such a structure.

In Fig. 1 given protected storage of waste with roadway maintenance along complexes of buildings, vertical section; Fig.2 - section a-a in Fig.1 (with the construction of the first phase of construction; Fig.3 - the same, with the construction of the second stage of construction; Fig.4 - the same, with the construction of the first, second and third phases of construction; Fig.5 - the same, with the other elements of Fig.6 - node II in Fig.5; Fig.7 - protected vault, incision, the second phase of construction; Fig.8 - section b-B in Fig.7; Fig.9 - node I in Fig.4; Fig.10 - section b-b of Fig.9.

The complex of buildings includes a storage unit 1, service roadway 2, drainage wells 3, area 4 soil near the repository layer 5 a sealing material, and the gap space 6 in the rock under the sealing layer 5, the sealing tab, input oversteek, the sealing material 10 of the gap space of the casing 11, the tubing 12 of the system of pipes, holes 13 of the pipe 11 to enter the filtration of the water output nozzle 14 of the tubing, mining machine 15 with cutting reel 16, the conveyor device 17 and the racks 18 a walking roof support rack 19 walking roof support employees for the introduction of the waterproof film 20.

The first phase of construction includes the construction of passing along the complex structures of roadway maintenance 2, and at least some of the drainage wells 3 to put them in the drainage pipes, which carried out from the area 4 near the vault 1 from the surface down with some bias to the service passage 2 and fall into it. Secondly, form a waterproofing layer 5 of the sealing material through the drainage pipe drainage wells 3 shrunk in the rock, and drain pipes are shipped in moisture barrier.

If necessary, the complex of buildings is complemented well by the construction of the third stage of construction. The structure consists of a slotted space 6 in the rock under the sealing layer 5, which is developed in the form of existing mining C is arnosti land, the mouth 9 is included in the service tunnel. Service roadway 2 is located in the middle of the horizontal projection under the storage 1. Drainage wells 3 and drain pipes join this service to the roadway 2, heading in both directions on a surface at an acute angle. On both sides of the service passage 2 there are two rows of drainage wells 3 and drainage pipes with a certain distance one above the other as the height of the input later the gap space 6, and with a certain offset with respect to each other. The sealing layer 5 is, at least in the area of the bottom row or the bottom rows of drainage wells 3. It can be located also in the field of the top row or the top ranks of drainage wells 3. In the gap space 6 or slot spaces 6 is a sealing material 10, and optionally hydrolyzing the film. The complex of buildings as a whole is shown in Fig.5 and 6. Drainage wells 3 to capture seepage of water has a casing 11 and tubing 12 piping systems, which for example, is usually used in the extraction of oil from oil wells. The tubes have openings for receipt of filtration of water 13. The tubing 12 is used to care for the internal space is or distance from each other and form a well lattice, which receives water filtration, in case together with groundwater, and flow from it to the service passage 2 or pumped. The distance between the casing 11 is chosen such that the filtration of water, due to the hydrostatic potential that exists at each point between the casing 11 and the inner space of the casing 11, as well as in the rest of the environment around this place, on the hydrodynamic conditions cannot pass through the well grid. The pipe is composed of individual stacked units casing 11 and tube links of tubing 12. The links of the casing 11, as well as links of pipes tubing 12.1 can be entered from the earth's surface. As supply chains casing can be removed from the service of the roadway 2.

The tubing 12 are treatment device casing 11 or the input holes for seepage 13. The tubing 12 is supplied as input would nozzles for rinsing water 14. Wash water is fed through the tubing 12. Through the inlet openings for seepage 13 into the surrounding rock shrunk sealing material and there was formed a layer of waterproofing 5, which is shown by cross hatching. Hydrocodne holes 13 for leaking water.

It is possible to carry out the production of the gap space. In Fig.9 shows the gap space 6 with parts for longwall mining. In Fig.9 and 10 is shown a mining machine 15 with cutting reel 16, the conveyor device 17 and racks walking lining. Device type racks walking lining 18 serve for the introduction of the waterproof film 20 and the sealing material 10.

THE COMPLEX STRUCTURES CREATED IN SEVERAL PHASES OF CONSTRUCTION IN THE FIELD OF GROUNDWATER MASSIF UNDER WASTE DISPOSAL, AND THE METHOD OF MANUFACTURING OF COMPLEX STRUCTURES.

1. The complex structures created in several phases of construction in the field of groundwater massif under the disposal of waste, including located under the storage service roadway located along the longitudinal axis of the storage slot space and waterproofing layers of sealing material, characterized in that the complex has at least next conducted from the surface drainage wells and put them in the drainage pipes placed in the field next to the store at an acute angle to the vertical axis of the service tunnel and United with him, the latter together with the drain squag the government of the second stage is placed around the drainage pipes, shrunk in the sealing material in the surrounding rocks, and slotted space made in the rock under the sealing layer in the third line of the mining and tunneling current clearing face and shibutani sealing quenching.

2. Complex p. 1, characterized in that the service tunnel is located in the middle of the horizontal projection of the store, and drainage wells with drain pipes adjacent to it on both sides at an acute angle to the earth's surface.

3. Complex p. 1, characterized in that on one or on both sides of the service tunnel are two rows of drainage pipes, placed at a distance from one another with an offset relative to each other.

4. The complex PP. 2 and 3, characterized in that the sealing layer of the second phase of construction is at least in the area of the bottom row or the bottom rows of drainage wells and drainage pipes.

5. Complex p. 1, characterized in that it is provided with a sealing waterproofing film, placed in the gap spaces of the third phase of construction.

6. The method of manufacturing of complex structures created in several phases of construction in oblastey for water drainage and crevice spaces and the formation of a sealing layer of a sealing material, characterized in that the creation of complex structures carried out sequentially in three stages, with the service roadway constructed primarily using the machine for sinking drifts, while using advanced drilling equipment are drilling of drainage wells, which will be equipped with casing made up of individual units with drainage holes in the second phase of construction in the rock surrounding the casing through the drain holes presoviet the seal material, and in third place is produced with the help of mining machinery, conveyors and supports the current clearing face of the slotted space from the service of the roadway, which come across the latter in the direction to the earth's surface with the access to it, while the mouth of the faces feature in the service tunnel, and breed from the tunnelling gap spaces with the help of a conveyor belt through the mouth of the face is directed to the service tunnel and brought to the surface of the earth, and after creating a gap space through the inlet from the surface of the earth enter the sealing tab.

7. The method according to p. 6, characterized in that the casing pipe after pulling the drill rods enter the second face of the work carried out with the help of a chain scraper conveyor, the chute which move the electric machine and the drive units of the conveyor and electric cars have in the area of the inlet of the face on the earth's surface and in the active mining face feature with adjunction to the transporting chute hours walking lining, which regulate as you move the current slaughter, follow-ahead rock excavation.

 

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