The complex structures created in several phases of construction in the field of groundwater massif under waste disposal, and the method of manufacturing of complex structures
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the protection of underground facilities from exposure to groundwater. The complex of buildings includes located under the storage service roadway, slotted space and waterproofing layers. It has a number of drainage wells and put them in the drain pipes. Well communicated with the earth's surface, located at an acute angle to the vertical axis of the roadway and connected with the latter. The waterproofing layer is placed around the drainage pipes. Slotted space made under the sealing layer. A method of manufacturing complex includes three stages of construction. First of all construct a service roadway and drainage wells. In the second place in the rock surrounding the casing in the wells, through the drainage holes presoviet the seal material. In third place produce fricatives space and enter the sealing tab. Rock from sinking last through the service tunnel brought to the surface. 2 S. and 6 C.p. f-crystals, 10 ill. The invention concerns a complex of buildings created in several phases of construction, in the field of groundwater massif under storage of waste intended in particular, for isolation of contaminants of waste by means of underground waterproofing structures, such as from groundwater.The known method according to which parallel to the main drift is produced by the slit space using the appropriate apparatus to shield driving. At the same time constructed the sealing substrate. Extracted from sinking breed pressed on the side of the tabs behind the apparatus. Excessive breed shall be made on the earth's surface. Flowing down sealing the base of the seepage water can be discharged through the main roadway. On both sides of the store, and under it produced two passes in the longitudinal direction of the repository drift. With the help of machines for longwall mining is produced passing mainly horizontally or with a slight inclination relative to the horizontal slit space, which does not appear on the surface of the earth. The inlet of the face and mouth of the face adjacent to the roadway. The roadway adjacent to the mines.Known technical solution is costly and, despite the great technological costs, does not meet the requirements of waterproofing technology. In fact, under granulometry - to create a structure for enclosing the storage of waste for construction which does not require expensive research and geological conditions, including groundwater levels and seepage in the environment and under the repository, and create a method which can simply and reliably in relation to function to create such a structure.In Fig. 1 given protected storage of waste with roadway maintenance along complexes of buildings, vertical section; Fig.2 - section a-a in Fig.1 (with the construction of the first phase of construction; Fig.3 - the same, with the construction of the second stage of construction; Fig.4 - the same, with the construction of the first, second and third phases of construction; Fig.5 - the same, with the other elements of Fig.6 - node II in Fig.5; Fig.7 - protected vault, incision, the second phase of construction; Fig.8 - section b-B in Fig.7; Fig.9 - node I in Fig.4; Fig.10 - section b-b of Fig.9.The complex of buildings includes a storage unit 1, service roadway 2, drainage wells 3, area 4 soil near the repository layer 5 a sealing material, and the gap space 6 in the rock under the sealing layer 5, the sealing tab, input oversteek, the sealing material 10 of the gap space of the casing 11, the tubing 12 of the system of pipes, holes 13 of the pipe 11 to enter the filtration of the water output nozzle 14 of the tubing, mining machine 15 with cutting reel 16, the conveyor device 17 and the racks 18 a walking roof support rack 19 walking roof support employees for the introduction of the waterproof film 20.The first phase of construction includes the construction of passing along the complex structures of roadway maintenance 2, and at least some of the drainage wells 3 to put them in the drainage pipes, which carried out from the area 4 near the vault 1 from the surface down with some bias to the service passage 2 and fall into it. Secondly, form a waterproofing layer 5 of the sealing material through the drainage pipe drainage wells 3 shrunk in the rock, and drain pipes are shipped in moisture barrier.If necessary, the complex of buildings is complemented well by the construction of the third stage of construction. The structure consists of a slotted space 6 in the rock under the sealing layer 5, which is developed in the form of existing mining C is arnosti land, the mouth 9 is included in the service tunnel. Service roadway 2 is located in the middle of the horizontal projection under the storage 1. Drainage wells 3 and drain pipes join this service to the roadway 2, heading in both directions on a surface at an acute angle. On both sides of the service passage 2 there are two rows of drainage wells 3 and drainage pipes with a certain distance one above the other as the height of the input later the gap space 6, and with a certain offset with respect to each other. The sealing layer 5 is, at least in the area of the bottom row or the bottom rows of drainage wells 3. It can be located also in the field of the top row or the top ranks of drainage wells 3. In the gap space 6 or slot spaces 6 is a sealing material 10, and optionally hydrolyzing the film. The complex of buildings as a whole is shown in Fig.5 and 6. Drainage wells 3 to capture seepage of water has a casing 11 and tubing 12 piping systems, which for example, is usually used in the extraction of oil from oil wells. The tubes have openings for receipt of filtration of water 13. The tubing 12 is used to care for the internal space is or distance from each other and form a well lattice, which receives water filtration, in case together with groundwater, and flow from it to the service passage 2 or pumped. The distance between the casing 11 is chosen such that the filtration of water, due to the hydrostatic potential that exists at each point between the casing 11 and the inner space of the casing 11, as well as in the rest of the environment around this place, on the hydrodynamic conditions cannot pass through the well grid. The pipe is composed of individual stacked units casing 11 and tube links of tubing 12. The links of the casing 11, as well as links of pipes tubing 12.1 can be entered from the earth's surface. As supply chains casing can be removed from the service of the roadway 2.The tubing 12 are treatment device casing 11 or the input holes for seepage 13. The tubing 12 is supplied as input would nozzles for rinsing water 14. Wash water is fed through the tubing 12. Through the inlet openings for seepage 13 into the surrounding rock shrunk sealing material and there was formed a layer of waterproofing 5, which is shown by cross hatching. Hydrocodne holes 13 for leaking water.It is possible to carry out the production of the gap space. In Fig.9 shows the gap space 6 with parts for longwall mining. In Fig.9 and 10 is shown a mining machine 15 with cutting reel 16, the conveyor device 17 and racks walking lining. Device type racks walking lining 18 serve for the introduction of the waterproof film 20 and the sealing material 10. THE COMPLEX STRUCTURES CREATED IN SEVERAL PHASES OF CONSTRUCTION IN THE FIELD OF GROUNDWATER MASSIF UNDER WASTE DISPOSAL, AND THE METHOD OF MANUFACTURING OF COMPLEX STRUCTURES.1. The complex structures created in several phases of construction in the field of groundwater massif under the disposal of waste, including located under the storage service roadway located along the longitudinal axis of the storage slot space and waterproofing layers of sealing material, characterized in that the complex has at least next conducted from the surface drainage wells and put them in the drainage pipes placed in the field next to the store at an acute angle to the vertical axis of the service tunnel and United with him, the latter together with the drain squag the government of the second stage is placed around the drainage pipes, shrunk in the sealing material in the surrounding rocks, and slotted space made in the rock under the sealing layer in the third line of the mining and tunneling current clearing face and shibutani sealing quenching.2. Complex p. 1, characterized in that the service tunnel is located in the middle of the horizontal projection of the store, and drainage wells with drain pipes adjacent to it on both sides at an acute angle to the earth's surface.3. Complex p. 1, characterized in that on one or on both sides of the service tunnel are two rows of drainage pipes, placed at a distance from one another with an offset relative to each other.4. The complex PP. 2 and 3, characterized in that the sealing layer of the second phase of construction is at least in the area of the bottom row or the bottom rows of drainage wells and drainage pipes.5. Complex p. 1, characterized in that it is provided with a sealing waterproofing film, placed in the gap spaces of the third phase of construction.6. The method of manufacturing of complex structures created in several phases of construction in oblastey for water drainage and crevice spaces and the formation of a sealing layer of a sealing material, characterized in that the creation of complex structures carried out sequentially in three stages, with the service roadway constructed primarily using the machine for sinking drifts, while using advanced drilling equipment are drilling of drainage wells, which will be equipped with casing made up of individual units with drainage holes in the second phase of construction in the rock surrounding the casing through the drain holes presoviet the seal material, and in third place is produced with the help of mining machinery, conveyors and supports the current clearing face of the slotted space from the service of the roadway, which come across the latter in the direction to the earth's surface with the access to it, while the mouth of the faces feature in the service tunnel, and breed from the tunnelling gap spaces with the help of a conveyor belt through the mouth of the face is directed to the service tunnel and brought to the surface of the earth, and after creating a gap space through the inlet from the surface of the earth enter the sealing tab.7. The method according to p. 6, characterized in that the casing pipe after pulling the drill rods enter the second face of the work carried out with the help of a chain scraper conveyor, the chute which move the electric machine and the drive units of the conveyor and electric cars have in the area of the inlet of the face on the earth's surface and in the active mining face feature with adjunction to the transporting chute hours walking lining, which regulate as you move the current slaughter, follow-ahead rock excavation.
FIELD: oil industry, particularly oil-field construction, namely to built storage pit adapted for oil-drilling waste storage.
SUBSTANCE: method involves digging out ground; erecting banking; forming waterproofing screen of film material with weld seams; connecting polymeric adhesive strips to back film side transversely to weld seams facing outwards so that space between strips is not more than 3 m and strip ends extend over outer screen surface, wherein the waterproofing screen has ample size; securing one end of waterproofing screen on pit edge by shackles and covering thereof with ground along the full pit edge; gradually laying unstrained waterproofing screen on pit bottom and side walls to reach opposite pit edge so that weld seams face outwards; loading screen edges across the full width and forming pleat at pit edge along the full perimeter thereof; securing the pleat with ground; fastening free edges of laid waterproofing screen along the full pit perimeter with shackles and covering thereof with ground; folding free screen edges in two in shackle installation areas and placing cantledge on pit bottom along the full perimeter thereof; placing textile protective screens over rocky ground zones. The waterproofing screen dimensions may be determined from given relation.
EFFECT: increased liquid product storage reliability.
2 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: chemical industry; other industries; methods of production of the waterproofing materials in the sheet shape.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents the method of production of the waterproofing materials in the sheet shape, which is used for facing of the ponds, lakes and the refuse dumps provides for disposition of the central layer containing the capable to swelling bentonite between appropriate carrying layers, and joining of the carrying layers by the ultrasonic welding in the intervals or along one or more lines by means of making the base plate protrusion to get in contact with one carrying layer and making the sonotrode to get in contact with the other carrying layer in the opposite places and in the intervals or along one or more lines and at such a control over the sonotrode, that to cut through the central layer and to join the carrying layers. The invention presents the characteristic of the second version the method of production. The technical result of the invention is the increased strength of the produced waterproofing material at its shift.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased strength of the produced waterproofing material at its shift.
14 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: constructional engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to constructional engineering and can be used for building construction and upkeep. Method for damp-proofing of below-grade building includes levelling blanket laid on basement soil, formation of membrane system, formation of protective concrete layer, installation of reinforcing cage, concreting of footing and below-grade filler members. Membrane system is arranged by continuous laying of extended hoses made of polymeric fabrics and fastening them or, alternatively, overlapping at an angle to each other. Hose outflows are placed outside the footing. The footing and below-grade filler members concreted, damp-proof mixture is grouted through outflows to hose cavity pockets to produce impervious beds.
EFFECT: simplified below-grade construction procedure, improved reliability of groundwater protection of both horizontal and vertical footing elements, decreased work content as well as possibility to repair membrane system during building construction and upkeep.
9 cl, 5 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: safety device for bed against surface water includes preparation of base course, foundation, pockets backing, blind area facility. Between blind area and bed there is formed self-locking waterproofing locker made of wedgelike elements: braced - underlying and overlying, nonrigid - made of viscoplastic material, such as bitumen, located between rigid elements. At that external wall of foundation is implemented leaned big end down the foundation.
EFFECT: reduction of differential settlement of foundation and building deformation.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to construction, namely, to reconstruction and renovation of old buildings and constructions, in particular, to means and methods of intra - wall detaching waterproofing for walls protection from soil water. Composition for intra - the - wall waterproofing contains, wt %: potassium silicate with silica modulus 2.33 - 2.88 99.6-99.9, Trilon B 0.1-0.4. Method of intra - wall detaching waterproofing includes supply of the above said composition into brickwork through preliminary drilled holes periodically drying after supply according to the scheme: supply - drying - supply.
EFFECT: viscosity reduction, increase of filtration coefficient, improved detaching water - proofing characteristics for protection of walls from soil water.
2 cl, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction, namely to fighting suffosion processes that occur during flooding of earth foundations in buildings, which are for instance, located in high-water bed. In method for protection of building earth foundations against suffosion processes that occur as a result of building flooding, wells are drilled in building foundations, soil in wells is sampled, specimens obtained are used to determine value of critical head gradient and critical seepage path. Water impermeable wall is erected in building earth foundation around the base, at that distance between the base and water impermeable wall, as well as depth of water impermeable wall location from daylight is selected depending on values of critical gradient and critical seepage path. Space between building base and water impermeable wall is filled with water permeable material consisting of single-size particles, and space between the base in the level of its underside and water impermeable wall is filled with the layer of water impermeable material. Drainage holes with meshes are arranged at internal edge of water impermeable wall in water impermeable layer, and filling with layer of water impermeable material is done with layer separation into sections, in every of which surface is arranged with slope to drainage hole providing water drain into hole.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of building protection against suffosion processes, and also increase of operational reliability of buildings, reduction of material intensity.
SUBSTANCE: method of protecting sunken buildings against ground water underflooding consists in the fact that distribution sand cushion is formed, highly compressed silty-clayed soils are removed from the whole underground part of buildings. When constructing underground parts of erected buildings on natural slopes in silty-clayed soils with high level of ground water, above lower boundary of design compressed mass of ground foundation, there developed is ditch, from the depth of lower boundary of compressed mass corresponding to level of lower edge of distribution sand cushion to day surface, the slopes of which correspond to position of planes of lower side edges of design distribution sand cushion which is formed as filtration one and designed in the outline of diagrams of equal vertical and horizontal stresses corresponding to stress of natural soil in lower part of compressed mass. Height of cushion is taken equal to design depth of compressed soil mass, and width of upper and lower edges of cushion is equal; at that, it exceeds width of foundation base on both sides by the value which is determined by graphical drawing of planes tangential to diagram of equal horizontal stresses at an angle to vertical plane, which is equal to angle of internal friction of cushion material to the crossing with plane of foundation base level. Position of side edges of cushion is determined by the planes being drawn from extreme points of upper and lower edges of cushion, which are tangential to diagrams of equal vertical and horizontal stresses till they cross each other; at that, inclination angle of tangential plane to diagram of equal vertical stresses is taken equal to angle of natural slope of natural soil. Then there formed is lower body of cushion in the volume of ditch slopes and upper body of cushion in the volume of upper side edges of cushion; after that, there performed is backfilling of cavities between upper cushion body and ditch slopes with natural soil as per layer-by-layer technology; then underground part of buildings is erected.
EFFECT: maintaining natural hydrological conditions in order to exclude dangerous ground water underflooding of underground parts of buildings, decreasing the scope of ground works concerning development of ditch, reducing material consumption.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and may be used to arrange drainage system to control water level in basement premises. Method for water depression in basement premises of dwelling houses, administrative-industrial buildings and storehouses includes digging drainage channels, assembly of precast filtering well, laying filtering material or perforated pipes with filtering elements into channels, installation of pump into well, which drains water from well and is equipped with connection and disconnection breaker. Drainage channels and precast filtering well are assembled in ground inside area fenced by house foundation, in order to create depression zone on area limited by house foundation. In case this area is separated by solid walls of foundation, or there are foundation screeds, shafts are drilled, which are also filled with filtering material, or in which perforated pipes are installed with filtering elements. Outlet hole of pump is connected to sewage system of the house. Connection of pump outlet to connection and disconnection breaker to sewage system of the building results in cleaning of pipes and joints in sewage system.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of water level control in basement premises and reinforcement of foundations with various configuration.
SUBSTANCE: drain of closed type comprises a deep-laid trench with an incline towards drain water discharge, where perforated pipes are installed in a layer of filtering material, and also inspection wells of the drainage system. Pipes are arranged with perforation in the tray part and are laid into a homogeneous filtering material. The bottom of the trench is arranged with an incline of 0.003-0.004% and is insulated with a water-impermeable film together with the trench wall at the side of a pit or along the outer surface of the underground part of the structure, and also with coverage of the drain trench filtration fill roof or under the foot of the erected structure shoulder.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of drain operation, reduced material intensity and labour intensiveness, increased manufacturability of construction processes.
SUBSTANCE: underground part of a concrete wall with a wall drain comprises a filtering shell made of a polymer material and vertically laid onto the external surface of the wall to form channels draining water from soil fill into the fill of a drain pipe connected to a drain header. The external surface of the wall is coated with a geomembrane, which is arranged from a polymer material and with its anchor ribs fixed to the wall and forms its protective hydraulic insulation. The filtering shell is arranged in the form of a geogrid and a filtering nonwoven material attached to it at the side of the soil fill, at the same time geogrid cells are formed by crossing rods laid one onto the other and fixed in points of crossing with each other.
EFFECT: higher reliability and durability of a building or a structure, higher quality of wall protective hydraulic insulation and improved water-draining capacity of a filtering shell.
2 cl, 3 dwg