The method of preservation of the bones by a. c. imanalieva


(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of medicine, namely to methods of preservation of organs and tissues. The purpose of the invention is the increase of storage duration bones and keeping them from thermal overload in the packaging process. Obtained from a cadaver bone mechanically cleaned of soft tissue, marrow and periosteum, is treated in dezinfitsiruyuschim solution and subjected to well-known sposobem immunological treatment. Next, the bone moves in a sterile package and cover the insulating inner sheath. After hardening of the bone is placed in the bowl of hardened plastic, which is then filled with molten plastic, which, after drying, forms the outer case. For better preservation of the space around the bones vacuum or fill gazoobraznym preservative. The application of the proposed method allows you to store bones suitable for transplantation to five years or more.

The invention relates to medicine, namely to methods of preservation of organs and tissues.

There is a method of preservation of the bones of dead bodies, consisting in a special antibacterial and immunological processing of harvested bone followed the Oia (the Prospectus. Placito. Central Institute of Traumatology and orthopedics named. N. N. Priorov, Moscow, 1972).

However, the known method is the high temperature, i.e., capable of causing large thermal load of the molten plastic to bone tissue, leading to spoilage of canned bones and a significant reduction in shelf life.

There is a method of preservation of bone tissue by placing it in the refrigerator compartment (Methodological letter. Harvesting and conservation of bone tissue. Central Institute of Traumatology and orthopedics named. N. N. Priorov the USSR Ministry of health, M., 1967).

However, this method requires a low temperature refrigeration unit, resulting in greatly complicated as storage and transportation of canned bones.

The purpose of the invention is improving the retention and protection from thermal overloads in the packaging process.

The goal is that the preserved bone after bactericidal immune thermally insulated and covered with cool plastic.

The essence of the invention lies in the fact that the bone after bactericidal immunological treatment are placed in TERMOIL its external case.

Method of conservation is carried out as follows.

Received a bone of a corpse technologically cleaned of soft tissue, marrow and periosteum. Process within 40-60 min in physiological solution of penicillin. Then in the next 2-6 with bone exposed immunological methods of treatment to prevent rejection reactions, for example, freeze, digestion, radiological exposure, and so on, Then the bone is placed in the package of sterile film, which is produced covering the bones of the inner insulating sheath of the pasta liquid cement filler in the form of small chips of porous plastic (e.g. polystyrene). After hardening insulating layer, i.e., formation of internal case, the thickness of which is selected depending on the values of conserved bone and the melting temperature of the plastic forming the outer case, proceed to the formation of the external case.

In the bowl of cold hardened plastic material forming the bottom and sides of the external case and form the corresponding conserved bone, stack it so that the edges of the bowl towered over the inner shell is not less than 5 mm

A bowl of bone is placed in the inner layer of the bowl from the heat poured into her plastic has time to melt and provides monolithic weld Cup with lid, formed by the cooling poured into the bowl with the plastic.

So, selecting accordingly the temperature of the water in the bath, the bath volume and the thickness of the inner insulating sheath, it is possible to preserve bone, not creating it the threat of thermal overload.

In those cases, when it is assumed especially long-term storage of bones (more than five years) as for transplantation purposes, and for the control sample preservation, describes how conservation complement vacuum. In the case of a bowl set pneumatic valve, through which exercise create around the preserved bones of practical vacuum.

Another option such preservation may be filling the space around preserved bones gaseous preservative (for example, pairs of formalin) with zero or excessive pressure.

After preservation channel valve sealed and preserved bone is placed in a mechanically rigid containers for transportation or storage at room temperature.


The method of preservation of the bones by bactericidal immunological about the, Ostry fragment is placed in a heat-insulating inner case and then form around the external case of the melt and subsequent forced cooling, and space around the bone may be vacuumed or filled with gaseous preservative.


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39 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

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