(57) Abstract:The inventive rope contains located in an outer protective sheath of synthetic strands, each of which is made of modules that represent bundles of filament yarn, twisted yarn. Each strand is additional shell. External and additional sheath strands are woven case in which the warp threads are parallel to the axis of the rope. This design provides increased strength and durability of the rope when it is used as a load-bearing element. 4 Il., 1 tab. The invention relates to wire ropes of different capacity, for which the load-carrying element used synthetic fibers. Ropes can be used as a ship ropes at deep seabed mining, as well as carrying rigging.Famous rope, containing situated in an outer protective sheath of synthetic strands, each of which is made from a group of modules that represent bundles of filament yarn, twisted yarn .In the known device the breaking strength of a rope is determined in osnovnoi shell and synthetic strands are different.The purpose of the invention is the improvement of the strength and durability of the rope.This is due to the fact that the rope is provided with an additional membranes that surround each group of modules corresponding strands, while the outer protective shell and the additional sheath is made in the form of woven covers, the warp threads which are parallel to the axis of the rope, and the weft threads is perpendicular to this axis, and the modules and strands are also parallel to the axis of the rope.In Fig.1 presents a unified module load-bearing part of the rope of Fig.2 - strand consisting of modules of Fig.3 - rope Assembly of Fig.4 is a cross - section of the rope.The rope contains located in an outer protective sheath 1 synthetic 2 strands, each of which is made in the form of a group of modules 3, representing the beams 4 filament yarn, twisted yarn 5. Each group of modules 3 corresponding strands 2 is provided with an additional shell 6. When this outer protective sheath 1 and the additional sheath 6 made in the form of woven covers, the warp threads which are parallel to the axis of the rope, and the weft threads is perpendicular to this axis, and the modules strands are also parallel to the axis of the rope.In ispolneny of synthetic fibres, with high resistance to abrasion and repeated bending (polyamide or polyester filaments).Modules 3 and 2 strands are parallel to the axis of the rope. Modules are a bunch RAS-yarn linear density 58.8 Tex, comprehensive wound filament linear density of 187 Tex. The diameter of the module is 2-4 mm, the number of modules in strands from 46 of 100, the number of strands in the rope from 1 to 7. Linear density modules 8340 Tex. The rope can be manufactured in lengths up to 200 m Breaking load of the rope is from 150 to 400 thousand Dan.Characterization of physico-mathematical indicators known and proposed ropes shown in the table.The design of the rope allows the use of an outer protective sheath and a protective sheath strands, the warp threads which make up 98% of the weight of the shells, together with the load-carrying elements of the rope strands, modules). This parallel arrangement of strands and modules, consisting of high-modulus synthetic (synthetic) fibres makes it possible to eliminate additional warp strands and modules from repeated bending, which creates favorable conditions for the exception of the loss of strength from Curling modules and locks.Hakimullah utilization from 0.5 to 0.8.The design of the rope by 25% increases the durability of the rope.When you shell rope and strand woven covers actually become the outer layer of each strand and the outer layer of the rope, since the elements (the warp and the weft) woven cover perform several new, non-core functions: ducks, compressing parallel elements, seals structural load-bearing elements (strands and modules), contributing to the improvement of the adhesion forces and friction, which provides simultaneous operation of all power components. When stretching, i.e., during operation of the weft yarn of the outer layer of the fabric, due to its physical features contribute more to the large crimping each of the strands and greater compactness of the rope, which increases the effect simultaneous operation of the power elements. This circumstance increases the utilization rate from 0.5 to 0.8 and allows you to grow the maximum loads on the rope from 150 to 400 thousand Dan.When you load the curved base of woven layer is rectified, resulting in bending of the weft threads relative to the base, causes the reduction of the diameter of the woven layer and the additional crimping force elements inside the case.Thus the outer is about they are in it power load-carrying elements. Thus, the fact that changes phase structure (3 7-8) tissue under load, allowed not only to increase the number of strength elements (base participates in the load), but to get high quality racing in the seal-bearing elements. It is possible to increase the utilization rate from 0.5 to 0.8. ROPE, containing situated in an outer protective sheath of synthetic strands, each of which is made in the form of a group of modules that represent bundles of filament yarn, twisted yarn, characterized in that, to increase strength and durability, it has more shells surrounding each group of modules corresponding strands, while the outer protective shell and the additional sheath is made in the form of woven covers, the warp threads are parallel to the axis of the rope, and the modules and strands are also parallel to the axis of the rope.
FIELD: chemistry; production methods of composition for thread coating.
SUBSTANCE: composition includes x) = 10-50 mass.% of polyethylene wax with melting temperature from 110 to 150°C, y) = 10-50 mass.% compound ether compositions of conjoint polymer produced from α-olefine containing from 10 to 24 carbon atoms and unsaturated dicarboxylic acid selected from maleinic acid, fumaric acid, itaconic acid and citraconic acid z) = 100-(x+y) mass.% of silicon oil composition with 100 to 100- MPa-c viscosity at 20°C. Threads, fibres or filaments produced by spinning, stretching and texturing, if necessary, are subject to treatment with the specified composition.
EFFECT: items are ensured with high resistance property.
17 cl, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to machine building, to drives for reciprocal motion of units and parts. Driving cable for reciprocal motion of mechanisms comprises movable metal core with protective coat in the form of synthetic bush with ribbed surface. Cable is installed inside concentric armored shell with walls made of synthetic material in the form of internal and external bushes. On surface of shell internal bush along its whole length there is at least one rib arranged with helical shape with preset pitch of turns. Helical rib has conical shape in cross section and is arranged with spiral pitch that provides for shell contact with core only along surface of helical rib at any permissible bending of cable.
EFFECT: reduced friction forces during core displacement relative to shell and according reduction of forces applied by operator to control lever.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: rope-shaped device, and namely chord rope, single cord and rope, includes longitudinal fibres of longitudinal fibre device, which consist of individual fibres, strands, bundle of strands and/or single chords processed so that core, intermediate cover and cover is obtained. The device includes at least one additional fibre or an additional bundle of fibres located transversely relative to longitudinal fibres essentially at various angles and passed around longitudinal fibres so that the latter are essentially non-sliding and unmovable relative to each other. Additional fibre is bound at least one time with longitudinal fibres of the longitudinal fibre device, owing to which longitudinal fibres are rigidly fixed.
EFFECT: invention provides binding of longitudinal fibres to each other in the longitudinal fibre device and prevents their mutual sliding.
32 cl, 22 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: at least one strand has a layer of indicator fibre strands to control rope endurance. At least one strand has a layer of indicator fibre strands at least with one indicator strand, which, compared to other strands, is less resistant to wear. A method to monitor endurance of a rope of synthetic fibres is proposed, which includes a permanent monitoring of a rope with the help of indicator fibres. An elevator is proposed, which provides for usage of a rope of synthetic fibres with indicator fibres, having at least one thread with a lower resistance to wear compared to others.
EFFECT: detection of rope failure limit and opportunity to more fully use the economic potential of up-to-date carrying facilities.
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: rope is made of high-strength fibres, preferably from a mix of high-strength polyethylene fibres with aramid fibres and/or fibres of ester liquid crystal copolymers. Fibres and/or the rope are coated with a composition containing a silicon resin functionalised with amines and a neutralised low-molecular polyethylene.
EFFECT: ropes have higher wear resistance in multiple reeling onto pulleys.
10 cl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: method of applying a latex-resorcinol-formaldehyde coating on a synthetic rope comprises a step of holding the synthetic rope in air and subsequently removing part of the braid from the ends of the saturated and heat treated rope, running to the sidewall industrial rubber article.
EFFECT: obtaining a synthetic rope with high strength of bonding with rubber for producing high-strength rubber-cord casings.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of rubber-cord casings reinforced by synthetic rope. Technical result is achieved due to dissolution of rubber mixture in an organic solvent and application of obtained liquid mixture on turns and filling inter-turn space of synthetic rope workpiece with subsequent drying for production of high-quality high-strength rubber-cord casings.
EFFECT: high quality of rubber-cord casing, reinforced by synthetic rope, without shifting angle of applying synthetic rope during assembly.