Device for testing the authenticity of documents
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to banking technique. Its use to control the authenticity of Bank notes and other securities can improve the accuracy of control and ease of use of a device that includes a housing 1 with the lower table 2 and parallel to the top table with black-out window 4. In the front part of the housing 1 has an inlet 3 for laying of documents. Inside the housing 1 posted by white light and ultraviolet radiation. A positive effect is provided by the introduction of horizontal axis 9, on which the console is installed magnifier 10, having the ability to rotate around and move along the axis 9 and tables 2 and 4 is made with an inclination to the front of the housing 1. 3 Il. The invention relates to banking technique and is intended to control the authenticity of Bank notes and other securities. The device may also be used in forensic science in the examination of the authenticity of various documents.The aim of the present invention is to increase the reliability of control of authenticity of documents, as well as increased ease of use, compactness and ergonomics of the mouth of the and device; in Fig. 3 is a cross section of a second variant of the device.The device (Fig. 1) includes a housing 1 with the lower table 2 and inlet 3. In the upper part of the housing 1 is made from the upper table, provided with a translucent window 4 made of diffusoriscaffale material. The bottom table 2 and table top with a translucent window 4 is installed obliquely, at an angle of 25aboutto the horizontal, with the lower side of the front part of the device. The angle of inclination selected so that the document, for example banknotes, did not slide off from the surface of the window 4 and table 2 in the control. The slope provides the necessary for the operation of ergonomics.Inside the housing 1 (Fig. 2) installed the springs 5 of the light beam. Sources 5 emit the combined radiation containing white light and ultraviolet radiation. The translucent window transmits white light absorbs ultraviolet radiation. Diffusoriscaffale material box 4 provides uniform brightness over the surface of the window and, therefore, uniform illumination with white light of various sections of bill located on the translucent window 4.In case 1 (Fig. 2) on the axis 6 is also ultraviolet is ultra 7 switches using the handwheel 8 (Fig. 1).UV filter 7, while in a vertical position provides exposure banknote, located on the lower table, the combined radiation. As the intensity of fluorescence banknotes caused by exposure to ultraviolet components of the combined radiation, substantially less than the intensity reflected from the banknote of the components of white light, the vertical position of the filter 7 actually provides control bill, which is on the bottom of table 2, in reflected white light.On the horizontal axis 9 (Fig. 2) installed bifocal magnifier 10. Magnifier 10 allows rotation around the axis 9 at an angle from 0 to 180aboutallowing convenient positioning for visual inspection of the Bank notes located on the bottom of table 2 and the translucent window 4. The rotation angle of the magnifying glass 10 in the range from 0 to 180aboutfixed wheel 11 (Fig. 1). In addition, the lens 10 has the ability to move along the axis 9 within translucent window 4.Inside the housing 1, the lower table 2, posted by the network switch 12 and pascarelli apparatus 13 to enable radiation sources.In the second variant of the device (Fig. 3) in the case ustanovki excluded. Switching the type of radiation is carried out electrically, by switching the radiation sources with additional switch mounted under the lower table 2 (not shown).The device operates as follows.Network switch device 12 (Fig. 2) include in the supply chain. With the help of the flywheel 11 bifocal magnifier 10 is installed in the upper position convenient for observation of the bill. Controlled banknotes placed on the translucent window 4. Through a magnifying glass 10 monitor the condition of the watermark pattern and paper in transmitted white light. Small fragments bill see through the short-focus area 16 bifocal magnifier 10, while they are visible with a significant increase. An overview of the entire banknote is carried out through long-focus zone 17 bifocal magnifier 10. The operator manipulates the position of the banknote relative to the focal planes magnifier to achieve various visible growth, thus providing the optimal control bill in transmitted white light.Then controlled banknotes through a wide slit 3 is placed on the lower table 2. Using the handwheel 8 UV filter 7 is installed in a vertical position. With the ez Lupu 10 monitor the condition of the watermark, drawing and paper in reflected white light. The operator manipulates the position of the banknote relative to the focal planes magnifier to achieve various visible zoom, providing the optimal control bill or its fragments in reflected white light. Changing the angle of the banknote relative to the line of observation, the operator controls the banknote in sliding beams. Thus, the control of the sliding beams with small angles of incidence on the device operate in the same area, bottom of table 2.Next, using the handwheel 8 UV filter 7 is installed in a horizontal position. Through a magnifying glass 10 is controlled fluorescence banknote excited by ultraviolet radiation. The operator manipulates the position of the banknote relative to the focal planes magnifier to achieve various visible zoom, allowing optimal control of fluorescent zones bill, including protective fiber.Based on the comparison of the results of observation of the controlled banknote with the visual standard genuine banknote, the operator judges the authenticity of the controlled banknote.Rability control bill, located on the bottom of table 2, is only possible when the source 14 of white light.Thus, the proposed device allows for comprehensive control of authenticity of documents, as in the control examines the various signs of authenticity both in transmitted and reflected white light and ultraviolet irradiation. Bifocal magnifier at the top and bottom position, forming an enlarged image of the banknote or its fragments, provides increased reliability of the control. The presence of the inclination of the bottom of the table and translucent Windows, and holes to enter the note on the bottom table provide ease of use and ergonomics. The presence of one control zone on the lower table provides the compactness of the device. The use of the device in the classroom conversion can significantly increase the quality of expertise and thus reduce the cost of the examination cash tickets. DEVICE FOR testing the AUTHENTICITY of DOCUMENTS, comprising a housing with a lower table, in front of which the front part of the body has a hole for laying controlled documents, in the upper part of the body parallel to ninsula and ultraviolet radiation characterized in that, to improve the reliability of control and easy operation of the device on the body parallel to its front part is the horizontal axis on which the console is installed magnifier with adjustable working position angular rotation about and movement along the axis to provide visual control of the document in the working zones of the lower and upper tables are made with an inclination to the front of the case.
FIELD: sorting of bank notes.
SUBSTANCE: the disadvantage of the known devices of the similar type consists in inconvenience of their use, since the possibility of free and easy access to the path of motion of the bank notes is not provided for the user because of a complicated mechanical construction of the transportation system. Owing to it, it is complicatedly enough to extract the bank notes, which because of malfunctions in the process of their transportation may block the transportation system. The invention makes it possible to eliminate the mentioned disadvantage due to the fact that the device for sorting of bank notes consists at least of three component, and at least of two separated from the external components.
EFFECT: a free and easy access to the transportation system is provided.
17 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: technologies for validating documents, etc.
SUBSTANCE: device has detector with electrodes, detector and signals processing device, during check an alternating electric field is formed, which excites electro-luminescent radiation. One detector detects electro-luminescent signal of validity mark and transforms it to electrical signal, one electrode is made flat or in form of electro-conductive covering of pressing roller, another - in form of electro-conductive film of pressing roller, or one electrode is made plated of transparent electro-conductive material or in form of round electrode in form of one or several wires, and other one - in form of electrode head.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
3 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: automated recognition of symbols.
SUBSTANCE: method includes following stages: tuning, forming symbols models, recognition, recording background model together with background of read image, separating model of registered background from elementary image of background, combining for each position of symbol of model of letters and/or digits with elementary displaying of appropriate background, forming of combined models, comparison of unknown symbols to combined models, recognition of each unknown symbol as appropriate symbol, combined model of which is combined with it best in accordance to "template comparison" technology.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
10 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: estimation of authenticity of documents, excise brands, bank-notes and securities.
SUBSTANCE: proposed compound is prepared by mixing gadolinium oxysulfide activated by terbium and yttrium oxysulfide activated by ytterbium and erbium. Size of crystal particles of said luminophores does not exceed 1.5 mcm. Compound thus prepared is introduced into printing ink and is applied on surface to be marked by letterpress printing method in form of mark which is invisible at common lighting. Mark is visualized by infra-red light source and/or ultraviolet radiation thus causing its green glow. Document is subjected to identification for estimation of its authenticity of falsification. Marking retains preset properties for extended period of time at high temperatures, bright light and high moisture content.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of protection against falsification.
4 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: securities protection.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to physicochemical protection of securities against falsifications. Coding composition contains one or several code-recognizing compounds, near IR region fluorescent agent, and IR-active compounds containing hydrogen-unbound or weakly bound X-H bonds (X = )-, N-, and ≡C-). Additionally included are IR-active compounds of general formula R1-C≡C-R2 (R1 and R2 are metal or halogen atoms). Method of invention resides in a single or multiple application(s) of one or several coding compositions onto object either avoiding spatial overlapping of compositions or in the form of compositions intersecting in different sequences of streaks, which sequences differ from each other in their code-recognizing components. Recognition of mutually masked code-recognizing and IR-active components is achieved either by way of varying wavelength in excitation spectra or varying intensity and shape of spectra in near IR fluorescence region. Sequence of applied streaks is determined from conformity of code-recognition spectra in higher monomolecular layer (or several monolayers) of composition in a streak intersection point to spectra of individual streaks.
EFFECT: increased information capacity of protection system due to increased diversity of differentiated components.
3 cl, 7 dwg, 6 ex
FIELD: protection coatings.
SUBSTANCE: invention aims at protecting bank notes and security papers against counterfeiting. Optically changing pigment contains interferential multilayer structure including light-transmitting dielectric layer having at least one luminescent material. Dielectric layer is selected from of rare-earth metal, bismuth, and principal group III element trifluorides; of principal group II element difluorides; mixtures thereof; organic or organometallic compounds. Luminescent material should be selected from organic or organometallic compounds containing transition or rare-earth metal ions. Above-defined structure may contain one or more semitransparent, partly reflecting layers, one or more nontransparent, fully reflecting layers, and one or more conducting layers. Pigment is prepared by a method including physical or chemical precipitation of the dielectric layer.
EFFECT: preserved proper properties of color shift, increased reliability of protection, and ensured identification simplicity at relatively low cost.
30 cl, 1 tbl, 9 ex
FIELD: magnetic thread recognition means.
SUBSTANCE: method provides for relative movement between thread and matrix of magnetic heads; each head generates a signal in case of detection of a portion of thread. Approach of thread to one of heads is detected, while this head is marked as main head, and heads on each side of the latter - as secondary heads. Output signals from main and secondary heads are controlled for forming of an image of thread signals amplitudes from main and secondary heads are compared, so that if amplitude of output signal from secondary head exceeds amplitude of signal from main head, then secondary and primary heads are appropriately reassigned.
EFFECT: higher speed of operation, higher efficiency.
6 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: product authentication.
SUBSTANCE: system has at least one material, providing transformation with frequency increase, as protective marking and one authenticating apparatus, which has one source of electromagnetic radiation with one previously selected wave length and one second electromagnetic radiation source with one second previously selected wave length, which are different from each other and are selected in such a way, that they cause emission by material, providing for transformation with frequency increase, of electromagnetic radiation after combined irradiation by emission with first and second wave lengths, and emitted electromagnetic radiation has radiation with one additional third wave length, specific for return of one electron from activation ion energy level to level, at which electron is excited by combined emission with first and second wave lengths.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sorting and/or destroying of sheet material, primarily banknotes.
SUBSTANCE: device has processing means, including means for gathering information during processing of separate sheets of sheet material and means for registering data, identifying separate sheets of sheet material, and connected to processing device via galvanically unlocked connection line of control devices with memorizing device for storing information about processing of separate sheets, while memorizing device is made with possible storing of information in it concerning processing of separate sheets of sheet material together with data, identifying separate sheets of sheet material.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, higher reliability.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: forgery protection and authenticity control of documents.
SUBSTANCE: method includes using an indicator in form of two open spirals in form of an evolvent. Also transformation is performed using sensor of generator electromagnetic emission to electric voltage, in the sensor frequency is altered with following comparison to measurement results standing for authentic funds and/or documents.
EFFECT: higher protection level.
7 cl, 2 dwg