Decorative layered material

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: as a dining placemats or tablecloths. Essence: decorative laminated material includes a woven or non-woven base and printed on the front side PVC coating is embossed or printed pattern, and on the reverse (back) side of the material made the flock-printed drawing of polyamide or viscose fibers through the adhesive layer based on acrylic dispersions. table 2.

The invention relates to a decorative laminated material film with waterproof PVC coating is embossed or printed pattern, which can be used as placemats or tablecloths.

Known dining oilcloth with full vinyl coating (PVC) according to GOST 24702-81, which is a fabric or non-woven base with one-sided PVC coating and printed or embossed, printed on the polymer layer.

Closest to the claimed solution of the technical essence is a decorative laminate - dining oilcloth with transparent PVC coating on non-woven stitch the basis of "malimo" (22 classes).

The aim of the invention is to increase functional capabilities.

To achieve this goal on the back side of the decorative laminate comprising a nonwoven based and printed on the front side PVC coating and embossing volume lakecity figure of polyamide or viscose fibers through the adhesive layer based on acrylic dispersions.

Characteristics of the ingredients used in the preparation of decorative laminates:

Painted stitch canvas "malimo" 22 class art.932404, the composition of the raw material - viscose-rayon, weight 120 g (TU 17-14-265-85 with Izv.3);

The suspension polyvinyl chloride PVC-M (GOST 14332-78)

Polyvinyl chloride emulsion PVC E-AM (GOST 14039-78);

Di-(2-ethylhexylphthalate) DOP (GOST 8728-77 with ISM. N 3);

Calcium stearate (TU 6-14-722-76 with ISM. 1,2);

Z-120 caloricity stabilizer (Germany);

Stearic acid (GOST 6484-64 with ISM. 1,2);

Oligopolies (TU 6-36-413-0-90), oligopolies based on epoxy resin aromatic structure;

Chalk natural enriched brand MMS (GOST 12085-73);

Industrial oil (GOST 20799-88);

Appleton HF-1, smeshivautsya acrylate-copolymer dispersion composition: acrylate-methyl methacrylate-butelki - lat (the percentage of "know-how" firm ""the new connection (percentage methylol-melamine ethers - "know-how" firm "Hoechst, Germany) solids content 50%;

Catalyst CR; composition - salt amines, "crosslinking agent", the "know-how" firm "Hoechst" (Germany), solids content 30%;

Nopco 8034 - non, composition: combination of hydrophobic silicon compounds with hydrocarbons, mainly aliphatic (percentage - "know-how" firm "Hoechst (Germany). Of a substance is 100%.

Verdier Y 3748: composition - a derivative of polyacrylic acid (acrylic acid - acrylamide; the percentage of "know-how" firm "Hoechst (Germany); the solids content of 30%.

The polyamide flock (PA) and with a linear density of 0.17 Tex, length 0.6 mm, the manufacturing firms "Flocka" (France), "Viscosite Switzerland);

Viscose flock (), with a linear density of 0.33 Tex, length 0.6 mm (TR 17-21-19-165-91).

The invention is illustrated by the following examples.

P R I m e R 1. On the front side non-woven stitch-painted canvases put the PVC composition of the following composition, wt.h.: PVC-M 100 DOP 55 calcium Stearate 3,0 Stearic acid 0.5 Oligopolies 0,3

The mixture of these components is carried out in the mixer CM-400 in the following order: first mix the plasticizer, resin and Stabi the RA 90aboutC.

Swollen PVC mixture was fed to the mixing and heating rollers at a temperature of rolls: front - 140aboutWith rear - 135aboutC. Time rolling 10 minutes

Application of PVC mixture of fibrous carried out on the basis of the three-roll backing machine KM-1400 under the following conditions: Temperature shafts,aboutWith the melting - 180 pressure - 175

heating - 120

The pressure between the rollers, kgf/cm2< / BR>
melting and pressure - 60

rubber and tinyline 85-100

On the surface tinylogo roll the paint under the "silk" maletero-rolling method.

The rate of passage of material 12 m/min.

Next on the reverse (back) side of the material with PVC coating is applied to the adhesive layer on the developed picture by using the flat pattern by silkscreen printing.

Composition for the adhesive layer is prepared from a glass, wt.h.: Appleton HF-1 90 Water 5 Nopco 8034 0,1 Kasuri L 5 Catalyst CR 2 Verdier Y 3748 4-4 5 the Viscosity of the adhesive 30 103SDR Mass, g/m270

The base with adhesive imprint figure enters the electrostatic field of 4-5 kV/cm, where the oriented deposition of fibers:

poliamidnykh: I - 120oC II - 165oC

Drying time: I, zone 3-4 min

II, zone 3-4 min

After heat-setting glue the excess flock is removed.

Examples 2-4 are different from example 1.

Examples according to the invention are given in table.1.

Physico-mechanical properties of decorative laminates are presented in table.2.

Test methods for physical-mechanical indicators for artificial leather and plastic materials:

on thermo - and light-fastness according to GOST 8979-75 with ISM.1;

definition of cover resistance to repeated bending and abrasion according to GOST 24702-81;

determination of hardness according to GOST 8877.

DECORATIVE LAYERED MATERIAL comprising a woven or non-woven base and printed on the front side PVC coating is embossed or printed pattern, characterized in that, to increase resistance to repeated bending, abrasion, and heat resistance, improved decorative features and functionality, on the reverse side of the material made the flock-printed drawing of polyamide or viscose fibers through the adhesive layer based on acrylic dispersions.

 

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1 cl, 1 tbl

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15 cl, 2 tbl, 9 ex

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4 cl, 11 ex, 1 tbl

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22 cl, 3 tbl, 1 ex

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14 cl, 2 tbl, 29 ex

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2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

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8 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacture of simulated leather-type material with polymer coating, which can be used in making automotive tents, shelters, and for bundling of various technical tools. According to first option, material comprises textile backing and polymer coating formed on said backing with the aid of calender technique at the face and at the underside. Coating is composed of, weight parts: suspension polyvinylchloride (S-7058M) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, butadiene-nitrile rubber (BNKS-28) 30-0.1, thermoplastic polyurethane (VITUR 2213, 2513) 0.1-70, calcium stearate 0.5-2.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, weight ratio of layers in material being as follows: face polymer coating/underside polymer coating = (0.3÷0.5):(0.2÷0.4). According to second option, material comprises textile backing and polymer coating formed on said backing at the face and at the underside, face-side polymer coating being formed with the aid of calender technique and composed of, wt parts: suspension polyvinylchloride (S-7058M) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, butadiene-nitrile rubber (BNKS-28) 30-0.1, thermoplastic polyurethane (VITUR 2213, 2513) 0.1-70, calcium stearate 0.5-2.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, and underside coating being formed with the aid of deposition technique and composed of, wt parts: emulsion polyvinylchloride (EP-6602Ts) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, weight ratio of layers in material being as follows: face polymer coating/underside polymer coating = (0.3÷0.5):(0.15÷0.3). According to second option, material represents film having the same composition as coating in the first option formed with the aid of calender technique, thickness of this film material ranging from 0.15 to 1.0 mm.

EFFECT: enhanced frost resistance, increased level of resistance to multiple bending (also at negative temperatures), and increased level of resistance to abrasion ensuring long service time.

3 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: chemical industry; other industries; methods of production of the of the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of chemical industry, in particular, to production of plastics, namely - to the development of the method of production of the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating. The method is realized by deposition at heating up to temperature of 150-190°С on the textile base of the coating consisting of the polyvinylchloride composition including the film forming agent - polyvinylchloride suspension, the plasticizers - di-(2-ethylhexyl)- phthalate, chlorinated paraffin wax and the mixture of dioxane alcohols and their high-boiling ethers with the number of the hydroxyl groups of 23-36 %, the filler - the chalk and the crystalline calcium carbonate, the stabilizing agent - the stearic acid and calcium - the zinc complex stabilizing agent , the surface active agent - the flotation reactant - oxalic agent, the pigment - titanium dioxide, as the textile basis they use the cloth thermo bound by the surface density of 46-54 g/m2 made out of the polyester filaments with the density of 0.12-0.33 tack and the cutting length of 38-66 mm. The laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating has the bonding strength of the film coating with the base of 2.0-2.3 kN/m, the rigidity of 0.4-0.9 cN and variation of the linear dimensions lengthways of 0.4-0.7 % and transversely - 0.1-0.3 %.

EFFECT: the invention ensures, that the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating has the bonding strength of the film coating with the base of 2.0-2.3 kN/m, the rigidity of 0.4-0.9 cN and variation of the linear dimensions lengthwise and transversely are less than unity.

2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: foamable composition for obtaining foamed products contains polyvinylchloride, primary plasticiser, if necessary, other additives and as alkyl ester of benzoic acid, isononyl ester of benzoic acid in amount from 5 to 95 wt %, counting per weight of all available plasticiser, which constitutes 10 to 400 wt.p. per 100 wt.p. of polyvinylchloride. Method of product obtaining, which contains at least one foamed layer of polyvinylchloride consists in application of foamed composition on carrier, before and after application it is foamed and in conclusion it is thermally processed. Product represents covering for floors, artificial leather and wallpapers.

EFFECT: reduction of composition viscosity, temperature of its gelatinisation, which results in simple and quicker composition processing.

11 cl, 8 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floor coating and can be used individually or industrially for floor coating in apartments and manufacturing facilities. The floor coating is polyvinyl chloride foam. Cost-effectiveness lies in use of available agents for cooling to technologically feasible temperature, creation of conditions for hardening of the surface layer of the fabric, possibility of turning the fabric by 180 degrees when there is need to use dyeing and lacquer coatings at rate of movement of the fabric of up to 25 m/min.

EFFECT: effect of sensory and organoleptic perception of natural species of wood and/or stones.

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer, tent covering material. The material contains a polyester base and a double-sided polyvinyl chloride coating. The polyester base is flat knitted linen, made from polyester thread of 100-111 tex, with 200-400 filaments in the thread and 85-400 windings per metre. Mass ratio of layers front : intermediate : back equals 1.1:1:1.6 respectively. Mass ratio of layers of polyester base and polymer coating is 1:2.7. The polymer coating is obtained, based on suspended polyvinyl chloride and additionally contains a mixture of dioctylphthalate and dioctyl sebacate plasticizers, Vitur T thermoplastic polyurethane, synthetic butadiene-acrylo-nitric rubber BNKS -28, copolymer of methyl methacrylate, butadiene and styrene KANE ACE B-28A. The stabilisers used are barium-, cadmium-, zinc-containing Vigostab BKT complex stabilisers. The antipyretic additive is antimony trioxide and chloroparaffin CP-1100. The coating also contains a fungicide - salicylic acid alinide, processing additive - stearic acid and pigments.

EFFECT: good fatigue properties in static and dynamic conditions, high frost resistance (up to -60 °C), fire-resistance and resistance to action of microorganisms.

1 cl, 6 tbl, 9 ex

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floor coating shaping and can be used in production processes. Proposed method in consisting in using available production facilities cooling to technologically expedient temperatures in applying a number of techniques, as well as in creating conditions for solidification of coating surface layer, turning over the coating through 180° on using coat paint and lacquer layers, the coat being moved at 25 m/min rate.

EFFECT: expanded performances.

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of floor covering involves preparation of glass-fibre mat roll, application of primer and front coatings, printing of patterns and application of transparent coating, application of PVC flakes, application of the second transparent coating, application of rear PVC coating, mechanical stamping of face coating and application of UV protection lacquer.

EFFECT: optimum speed choice of cloth supplied in automated line for manufacturing floor covering, choice of the most implemented patterns, chromaticity, shades of pictures, obtaining the appropriate cloth flexibility and consumer density of new material.

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to production of finishing materials. Nonwoven geotextile is used as a substrate. Layer of hardened bulk comprises pebble gravel preprocessed by epoxy paint and mixed with polymer binder at 4:1 ratio. Said epoxy paint comprises epoxy resin, thickener and pigment or mineral dyestuff. Polymer binder represents a water-dispersion acryl or polyvinyl acetate or epoxy material. Hardened bulk layer thickness consists of the mix pebble gravel preprocessed by epoxy dye and polymer binder equal 2-7 mm. Hardened bulk layer face surface is coated with polymer binder layer diluted in water at 1÷10 ratio.

EFFECT: high durability, flexibility and vapour permeability, simple composition and production.

6 cl

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