Containers for liquid and bulk cargo and method of packaging

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the invention relates to the construction of the packaging and method of packaging and aimed at improving the usability and best use of space during storage and transportation. The inventive container has a housing consisting of two parts 1 and 2, and two covers. Each part of the body is in the form of a hollow truncated cone with a correspondingly annular flanging 3 and 5 opernymi projections 4 and 6 having opposite threaded surface. The method of packaging the packaging includes the compilation of each pile from compounds comprising at least three buildings and the laying of the last layers of transverse rows with staggered arrangement of the buildings. 2 S. and 1 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

The invention relates to packaging and can be used for packaging, transportation, storage and sale of liquid and bulk cargo. Known packaging package for liquids [1]. It is made in the form of a cardboard tube covered with a thermoplastic. The invention aims at simplifying the manufacture and increase the degree of sealing.

The disadvantages of this invention are low structural strength and the inability of mnogokratnuju [2]. It is equipped with top case protective collar and bottom support with flanging. The device aims to increase service life and reliability of fixation when stacked.

The disadvantages of this invention are the complexity of the design and the low degree of useful use of space when stacked.

The aim of the invention is to improve the usability, preservation of integrity with repeated use, as well as samopoczucia containers in a horizontal plane and a more complete use of space during storage and transportation.

The objective is achieved by the fact that the case of containers made of composite of two parts, each of which is made in the form of a hollow truncated cone with a circular and coaxial crimping and the supporting protrusion on the outer surface having opposite threaded fasteners, each loaded part of the body pre-tightly closed made of elastic material cover flange with the annular flange, and final packaging of the two housing parts are connected to each other so that the main and additional cover facing each other, forming a closed chamber capacity, sejnost pallet transverse rows in multiple layers with staggered arrangement of the containers.

In Fig.1 shows a container, a front view, and Fig.2 - section a-a of Fig.1; Fig. 3 - containers in the package, top view; Fig.4 - piece shell pack, front view; Fig.5 - cover.

Containers for liquid and bulk cargo includes a housing composed of two parts 1 and 2, each of which is made in the form of a hollow truncated cone (Fig. 1,2). Part 1 of the casing has an annular flared 3 covering the screw surface and located on an outer surface parallel to and coaxially with the frame supporting the annular protrusion 4 C covering the screw surface. Part 2 of the housing has a frame 5 and the support ring lug 6 covered with the opposite threaded surfaces. In flanging 3 and 5, parts 1 and 2 of the case is made of the inner cylindrical socket 7, which is firmly connected to the cover 8 (Fig.5), with the flange 9 and the annular flange 10.

For a tight connection and disconnection of the parts 1 and 2 buildings on their flanging 3 and 5 are made radially spaced deaf socket 11 to facilitate a tight contraction of the composite parts of the body using, for example, an auxiliary pins.

The use of containers is carried out as follows. Parts 1 and 2 of the casing is filled with cargo, closed the two-chamber container. Thus the flanges 9 of the caps 8 are tightly pressed against the ends of the flanging 3 and 5, parts 1 and 2 of the casing and to each other, which ensures the tightness of the tank.

For stacking loaded containers connect at least three two-chamber containers with opposite threaded surfaces for supporting the annular protrusions 4 and 6, parts 1 and 2 of the housing (Fig.3). The compounds obtained are placed on a horizontal surface of the pallet, the bottom of the box or container in parallel rows without moving the containers in a longitudinal direction relative to each other. Top in the transverse direction of the stack the same connection, positioning the vessel in a checkerboard pattern, providing samopoczucia their compounds in the horizontal plane at a better use of the space in the package. Empty containers may be overpacked in the same way or in separate parts 1 and 2 buildings, compiled by the foot (Fig.4).

Riscoperta triple capacity by end of parts 1 and 2 of the casing and remove the caps 8, acting on the flanges 9.

Using compactly pakeitimai packaging will increase the usability of packaging, transportation, storage and sale of liquid and bulk cargo.

2. Tara under item 1, characterized in that the connecting elements on the annular flanging and supporting the annular protrusions integral parts of the case is made accordingly in the form of a reciprocal threaded surfaces, and each annular flared niduses for dense tightening and ease of separation of parts of the body.

3. Method of packaging containers for liquid and bulk cargoes, including containers stacked on a pallet, characterized in that, with celani, each stack is formed at least from a combination of the three buildings, then make the laying of compounds in parallel rows in horizontal planes without offset in each row of containers relative to each other in the direction of the longitudinal axis, and the subsequent installation of the upper series of compounds produced in the transverse direction, and the housing top row is placed against the hull bottom number in a checkerboard pattern.

 

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