Device for liquid supply to the nozzle irrigation zubkov, cold water

 

(57) Abstract:

The inventive device for liquid supply to the nozzle irrigation Zubkov contains bearing elements, hollow cutting drum, the drive for rotation of the cutting drum, the axial piping for the fluid, valves for supplying fluid to the nozzles for irrigation Zubkov and control actuators for separation of the cutting drums. On the outer side surface of the cutting drum are teeth and nozzles for irrigation Zubkov. The drive for rotating the cutting drum includes the step downshift, which is concentric relative to the longitudinal axis of the cutting drum. Reduction gearing is rigidly connected to the bearing elements fixed element with a channel for supplying a fluid. Axial piping are located in the axial zone of the cutting drum and rigidly connected with the stationary element. Distributors placed in the inner cavity of the cutting drum at its corresponding end surface. Axial pipe leads to the end surface of the cutter drum and enters the distributor. Nozzle through the axial piping hydraulically connected to the teeth and/or with upravlyaemosti, namely, devices for the fluid, in particular cold water for spray irrigation Zubkov inside cutter drum rotation drive which has at least one notch downshift within the hollow cutter drum.

The purpose of the invention is a device for supplying liquid to the nozzle irrigation Zubkov, which would provide at the simplicity of the design is sufficiently high reliability by reducing the cost of the seal.

In Fig. 1 shows an electric machine with a drum Executive body; Fig. 2 is a view As in Fig.1; Fig.3 - reduction gearing for input or power axial piping for the fluid inside the hollow cutter drum; Fig.4 - arrangement of nozzles on the housing of the cutting drum; Fig.5 - valve with actuator for separation of the cutting drum; Fig.6 - this is the same option.

In Fig. 1 shows moving on caterpillar undercarriage mechanism 1 electric machine 2, and a bearing element 3 is deviated by the height in the direction of the double arrow 4 cutting drum 5 mounted rotatably. The drive motor for rotation of the cutting drum 5 is indicated schematice connected to this drive shaft 7. The drive shaft 7 is in the zone of the bearing member drum 5 to the inside of the cutting drum 5.

Vrhbosna machine 2 with the drum by the Executive body has formed the platform of the loading device 9 and the rear end of the machine is schematically shown the adjustable height conveyor 10.

The cutting drum 5 is mounted on the bearing element 3 and the reference node designated by position 11. Inside of the bearing member 3 are drive motor 6 and the transmission 8, the transmission of motion by using a single common drive shaft 7 inside the cutting drum 5. While the cutting drum 5 has an inner zone, which is located inside the reference node 11, and the side protruding beyond the reference node 11 zones, which can, for example, contain the extension 12 of the drum. The deviation of the bearing member 3 electric machine is around a horizontal axis 13 of swings.

In Fig. 3 common drive shaft equipped with a bevel gear 14. Inside the cutting drum 5 is installed with the possibility of rotation of the first bevel gear 15, and the reference node is labeled with the position 16 and installed in the hard part of the body. So established the first bevel gear 15 wew is happy 18, 19 of the shaft. Terminal pins 18, 19 of the shaft is made identical, and are described in more detail below for the end of the trunnion shaft 18 another downshift is performed in a similar manner and is symmetrical. End trunnion shaft 18 has at its free end gear 20 a sun gear that is in mesh with a ring gear of the intermediate gear 21. The intermediate gear 21 mounted for rotation on the fixed element 22. Stationary bearing element 22 is connected with a fixed part 23 of the housing, for example, by means of screw fasteners 24. Stationary bearing element 22 with the intermediate gear 21 is covered by a hollow gear 25 with internal teeth. Hollow gear 25 with the internal teeth of the newly connected without the possibility of rotation with sun gear 26 subsequent planetary gear. The connection of the hollow gear 25 with the internal teeth sun gear 26 is carried out with the help of the ring gear 27 which by means of the annular groove 28 is separated from the outside of the ring gear and the sun gear 26. The sides of the external teeth of the sun gear 26 are in engagement with a ring gear of the planetary gear 29, and a supporting member of these planetary is the main part of the cutting drum by using the spline connected without turning from the output part 30 and the inside of the drum is connected to the same output part 30 with the help of the educated, for example, a tetrahedron connection without turning. The output part 30 of this cutter drum inside is made hollow, and extending in the axial direction of the hollow space is schematically indicated by the position 31. Planetary gear 29 mounted through bearings 32 in the output part 30 of the cutting drum 5, and the output part 30 forms directly to the carrier of the planetary gear 29. The outer wall is connected to the output part 30 of the cutting drum 5 has teeth that can be brought into contact with the extracted material and the outer contour is indicated in phantom line. To transmit the rotary motion of the sun gear 26 to the output part 30 of the planetary gears 29, needed another hollow gear with internal teeth. This is another hollow gear with internal teeth 33 are connected without turning from the bearing element 22 of the intermediate gears. Fixed and connected without the possibility of turning with the supporting member intermediate gears hollow gear with internal teeth is covered from the outside is connected to the output part 30 part 34 of the cutting drum, so that in this area can also be located the Aban in the area of the output part 30 via bearings 35 may rely on a part of the reference node 11 of the bearing member 3. Part of the wall 34 of the cutting drum 5, which by means of a screw connection 36 is connected to the output part 30 of the cutting drum, is supported through bearings 37 on the housing of the transmission. Position 38 is schematically denoted by the reference node of the drive shaft 7 to the support element 3.

Using this kind of design downshift creates the opportunity for through a fixed bearing element 22 piping 39, which are located near the axis of the zone 40. If now (Fig.3) the axial zone of the output part 30, which forms a bearing element of the planetary gears 29 likewise has an axial proia 41, the result is an open connection between the input piping 39 is located near the axis of the zone 40 and a hollow inner cavity 31 of the cutting drum, so here with minor costs associated with seal of the gear can be displayed any line, such as pipelines to supply fluid or electrical lines. The internal cavity of the housing of the transmission is indicated by numeral 42 and may be filled with lubricating oil, and due to the relatively small sealing surfaces in the area of the axial hole 41 of the output part 30 of the planetary gears 29 are substantially reduced the direction can be achieved by using a snap ring 43, which, by means of screws 44 are connected to the output part 30 of the cutting drum 5, and the distance between the output part 30 and the axial retaining ring 43 is mounted with tubular inserts.

When this piping 39 to the fluid in the near-axis zone 40 are inserted in the fixed part 22 of the sleeve 45 (Fig.3) to which is attached located on the axis of the pipe 46 to the fluid, which is rigidly connected to the sleeve 45. Axial pipe 46 for supplying fluid made in the form of multi-walled pipe, which has a Central channel 47, and surrounding the Central channel 47 channel 48 for the supply of liquid in two divided pipelines to located in the zone of the lateral end surfaces of the drum 5 to the distributors. Between the main rotating part 30 and installed without the possibility of rotation of the pipe 46 for supplying fluid enough when located on a small radius seals 49.

In Fig.4 shows only half of the cutting drum 5, and a supporting member or base node is labeled with the number 3 or 11. Using Central and stationary pipe 46, the liquid enters the valve 50 (Fig. 5,6) in zone Corcut to located in the zone of the shell cutter drum distribution holes 53, the area Zubkov 54 contribute to sputtering, for example, cold water through a nozzle 55. Along with connecting holes 52 and 53 for spray irrigation Zubkov located on the outside parts of the cutter drum from the distributor 50 are held in the axial direction of the auxiliary piping 56 to the annular distribution node 57, which is mounted for rotation about an axis fixed pipe 46 to the fluid. Based on site of prefabricated primarily in a radial holes 58 are other distribution holes 59 in the inner zone of the cutting drum, which again through a nozzle to allow irrigation Zubkov also in the inner parts of the cutting drum. While pipelines 56 evenly distributed around the circumference, and for the ongoing use of the dispenser 50 pulse and/or sectoral management can be provided eight additional pipelines 56, so that also in the inner zones of the cutting drum intentionally to load the fluid to the private zone of the peripheral surface of the cutting drum.

In Fig.5 in an enlarged scale shows an axial stationary pipe 46, which has prices through the hole 60 in the inlet zone 61 still located valve 50 (Fig.6). In accordance with schematically indicated by the distribution disk 62, the fluid from the pipe 48 is directed to the feed pipes for irrigation of the external parts of the cutting drums and axial feed pipes 56 for irrigation of the internal parts of the cutting drum (Fig.4). In addition, the pipe 63 through the valve system 64 leads into the working space 65 of the cylinder 66, which is used as the drive for separation of the cutting drums. After dumping the pressure in the pipe 63 of the power cylinder 66 through the fluid to the second working space 67 may again return to its original position. The supply of fluid under pressure in the second working space 67 may be carried out through another valve system 68 by feeding the fluid from the axial channel 47 fixed axial pipe 46. The transition from rigidly connected to a fixed pipe 46 to the liquid supply portion 69 of the housing in which is connected for rotation with a rotating main part of the cutting drum, the node 70 is carried out by rotating the input 71 of a small diameter.

In Fig. 6 depicts located on the front end of the dispenser 50, and in this embodiment refuse separation R of the house (Fig.5), or directly fixed axial pipe 46 for supplying the liquid (there will be one pipe for the fluid).

It is shown in Fig.6 allocator corresponds mainly to the design of the dispenser for a pulse and sector management. With fixed and installed without the possibility of rotating part of the distributor filed by the hole 60 or pipe 46, the liquid enters through the distribution disk 72 in the holes 52 and then to the outer parts of the cutting drum, and passing in the axial direction of the cutting drum piping 56, which contribute to the irrigation of the middle parts of the cutting drum (Fig.4).

Performing pulse and sector control this so that the fixed disk 72 of the distributor has a circumference of radial slots 73 and directly behind the disk 72 is provided another disk 74 with radial slots 75. The second disk 74 is connected with the rotating part of the node 70 of the main body of the cutting drum. Due to the rotation of node 70 with disc 74 is a mutual overlap of the slots 73 and 75, which leads to impulse control. When this subsequent sector upravleniia inscribed corner, so only a limited circumferential area is provided by the connection between the inlet opening 60 through the space 76 with slots 73 or 75 disks arranged in the rotating part 70 holes 52. This way only the relevant piping 56, paired with a limited circumferential area is correspondingly periodic and controlled sectors spray irrigation of the internal parts of the cutting drum.

1. DEVICE FOR LIQUID SUPPLY TO the NOZZLE IRRIGATION ZUBKOV, COLD WATER, including mounted for rotation relative to the bearing elements hollow cutting drum with spaced on its outer lateral surface of the teeth and with nozzles for irrigation Zubkov, a drive for rotating the cutting drum is placed in the inner cavity of the cutting drum at least one stage of the downshift, which is concentric relative to the longitudinal axis of the cutting drum is rigidly connected to the bearing elements fixed element with a channel for supplying a fluid, located in the axial zone of the cutting drum and rigidly connected with the fixed element of the axial pipes of the La in the stationary element, and placed in the internal cavity of the cutting drum at the respective end surface of the cutter drum distributors for the supply of liquid to the nozzles for irrigation Zubkov, characterized in that it has control actuators for separation of the cutting drum, and at least one axial duct for the fluid leads to at least one end surface of the cutter drum and is included in at least one distributor, and injectors through axial ducts for the fluid hydraulically connected to the teeth and/or with the control actuators for separation of the cutting drums.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that each axial duct for the fluid has at least two isolated one from another channel.

3. The device according to PP.1 or 2, characterized in that the installed between the bearing elements in the middle of tonyh cutter drum nozzles through additional piping hydraulically connected to the dispenser, with additional piping is installed with the possibility of joint rotation with the cutting drum relative to the bearing elements.

4. The device according to one of the defined pipes, which is rigidly connected with the fixed element, the internal cavity of the inner tube and formed the outer surface of the inner pipe and the inner surface of the outer pipe annular space communicated respectively with separate inlet or outlet pipes.

5. Device according to one of paragraphs.1 to 4, characterized in that each dispenser is made in the form of a mechanism for sectoral or impulse control fluid supply to the nozzles for irrigation Zubkov.

6. Device according to one of paragraphs.1 to 5, characterized in that the control actuators for separation of the cutting drums have a valve system for loading control actuators, which are connected with at least one axial channel of the pipeline for the supply of liquid.

7. Device according to one of paragraphs.1 - 6, characterized in that each control actuator for spreading the cutting reels are made in the form of a power cylinder, with one of the working cavities of the power cylinder hydraulically connected to the pressure channel of the axial pipe for the fluid, and the other the working cavity of the power cylinder hydraulically connected to the outlet channel axis of the pipeline for looking up a part of the cutting drum ring distribution node, with which it is interconnected located in the Central zone of the cutting drum, the ends of additional pipelines.

9. The device under item 8, characterized in that the annular distribution Assembly is mounted on the axial pipe for the fluid, with the possibility of rotation relative to the latter.

 

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