Apparatus for the treatment of malocclusion in children

 

(57) Abstract:

Scope: the invention relates to medical equipment, namely to dental orthodontic devices, and can be used for the treatment of malocclusion in children. Apparatus for the treatment of malocclusion in children contains orthodontic rings with 2 hooks 4, the bracket 5, and the supporting beams rigidly attached to orthodontic rings 2 with vestibulectomy hand, the support beams at the level of the canines holes with bushings for mounting brackets. 3 Il.

The invention relates to medical equipment, namely to dental orthodontic devices for the treatment of malocclusion in children.

Known apparatus for the treatment of malocclusion in children are different designs: arc, curved at the level of the cutting edges of the anterior teeth; fixed ring with retention devices for arcs of the upper and lower jaws. When you commit Dougie she ligature is tightened to the necks of those teeth that need to "extend", and at this level is fixed. Trying to take the initial position, the arc pulls, and "extend" the teeth. To enhance the action of the arcs in the "lengthening" of the teeth soeding the design of the device is to create a vertically acting force against the upper jaw - down, and in relation to bottom - up.

The prototype was taken to the apparatus, which is an orthodontic archwire with orthodontic rings on to bulge in the front-tooth region between the fixed focus, curved stainless wire with a diameter of 0.6 mm and located in the retention points on the rings of teeth attached to move the teeth. Treatment for more than 4 years.

The aim of the invention is the reduction of treatment time. This goal is achieved by the design of the device, which contains orthodontic rings with hooks on the base and move the teeth and force elements associated with hooks, in addition, it has a curved along the shape of the plot of the dentition two symmetrically mounted support beams with holes and bushings located in the openings, and the power elements are in the form-shaped curved bracket, the free ends of which are bent and are threaded with coupling nuts, with the bracket mounted on suzanah hooks, and its free ends are placed in the respective bushings, and nuts are made with the possibility of interaction with the surface of the supporting beams, which are on the inner sides of the cut corresponding configuration cheek on top of the at on the model in the working position; in Fig.3 apparatus is disassembled.

The apparatus consists of ten orthodontic rings on teeth 1, the support beams running the configuration buccal surfaces of the rings - 2, is rigidly attached to orthodontic rings of teeth with vestibular side. At the level of the teeth in the support beams with holes with bushings that performs a guiding function for the hooks on the ends of which are nuts, performing power moment of impact - 3 for a bearing nuts, screw on the ends of the brackets, hooks - 4, is rigidly attached to orthodontic rings with vestibular side, staples - 5, the ends of which there is a thread with screw her nuts - 6, which is inserted into the sleeve support beams on the right and left.

The device is made as follows.

Make 10 orthodontic rings on the teeth, try on rings in the oral cavity, take full anatomical replica of orthodontic rings, then prior to casting models inside of the rings is filled with molten wax for the possibility of removing rings model for soldering. After pouring rings cast model. The model is fixed in occludator in the position of Central occlusion. Then from sculpturing wax model supporting beams, cooperative teeth, after modeling beams and cast them in the usual way. Cast beams after processing rigidly fastened to the rings of teeth, to the rings of teeth rigidly attach the hooks that serve as retention points for the brackets. The bracket arches of the orthodontic arch, on the rings which there is a thread with screw her nuts. After anchoring part bleach, grind, Polish. Apparatus, aseptically processed, fixed in the oral cavity on vistat cement. Periodically activating screws brackets: every 4-5 days. The curing was carried out within 12-15 months, using a known apparatus, the treatment was carried out up to 4 years or more.

P R I m e R 1. Patient M., aged 11. Objective: open bite, vertical slit 3 mm

Diagnosis: open bite.

Was made apparatus according to the above method and is fixed on vistat cemented on the abutment teeth, the tooth fix the bracket with vestibular side by nuts. With vestibular side to orthodontic rings tooth rigidly attach the hooks to secure the bracket. Every 4-5 days of conducting the activation of the screws of the bracket. Within 14 months of the open bite was corrected. The child could not hold aloof from treatment. During the periods, 3 years. Objective: open bite, the vertical slit 4 mm Diagnosis: open bite.

Was made apparatus according to the above technology and fixed in the mouth on the teeth on vistat cement. Every 4-5 days held control and activation of the screws of the device. The open bite was corrected within 15 months. During treatment, the device does not interfere with food intake, as both jaws were free. The child could not hold aloof from treatment.

APPARATUS FOR the treatment of MALOCCLUSION IN CHILDREN, containing orthodontic rings sazanami hooks on the base and move the teeth and force elements associated with hooks, characterized in that, to reduce the treatment time, it has a curved along the shape of the plot of the dentition two symmetrically mounted support beams with holes and bushings located in the holes, and power elements made in the form of U-shaped ingognito bracket, the free ends of which are bent and are threaded with coupling nuts, with the bracket mounted on suzanah hooks, its free ends are placed in the respective bushings and nuts are made with the possibility of interaction with the surface of the supporting beams, which are on the inner sides

 

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