The device for release of waste water into the reservoir
(57) Abstract:The inventive ejector has a confuser and the mixing chamber. In front of the camera posted the first diffuser. The camera is turbulator flow. The second diffuser is installed behind the camera and connected with it. Turbulator made in the form of a source of low-frequency radiation, the aperture of which is placed in the hole formed in the upper part of the second cone in the area of its connection with the camera. 2 Il. The invention relates to a device for the release of wastewater into water bodies and watercourses, and is intended for use in water protection activities.A device including a discharge pipe with the tip, and in the discharge pipe mounted ejector having aeration pipe .The disadvantage of this device is a high efficiency saturation wastewater oxygen, which reduces the efficiency of the process of self-purification of the pond.A device for release in the pond water containing discharge pipe from the ejector with the confuser, a nozzle, a mixing chamber, a diffuser, aeration pipe and turbulator installed in the mixing chamber .The aim of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the saturation wastewater oxygen.This goal is achieved by the fact that the device is provided with an additional diffuser set for the mixing chamber and connected with it, and turbulization flow executed in the form of a source of low-frequency radiation, the aperture of which is placed in the hole formed in the upper part of the additional diffuser in the connection zone of the mixing chamber with an additional diffuser.In Fig. 1 shows the proposed device, a General view of Fig.2 - node I in Fig.1.The invention is based on the fact that when exposed to a flow of low-frequency radiation is sharply increased pulse rate, increased ejection ability, i.e. under the influence of low-frequency radiation is generated turbulence, and the greatest effect is observed when the number was Strouhal Sh= 0/2-0.4 in the range of Reynolds numbers Re = 103is-2.5 x 105.The proposed device includes a discharge pipe 1 with the end walls 2, in which is mounted an ejector that includes a confuser-nozzle 3, the mixing chamber 4, an additional diffuser 5 and the aeration pipe 6. Pressure pipeline mo is zlecenia, working in a range of numbers was Strouhal Sh = 0.2 to 0.4 and the Reynolds number Re 103is-2.5 x 105. Radiating aperture 8 turbulizer 7 is placed in the hole formed in the upper part of the additional cone 5 in the connection zone of the mixing chamber 4 with an additional diffuser 5.The device operates as follows.When closed, the valve of the bypass line (not shown) waste water from the pumping station by gravity or with the upstream WWTP is supplied under pressure through the pressure pipe 1 and follows the stream with great speed confuser-nozzle 3. Passing through the mixing chamber 4, the jet creates a vacuum region and draws the air coming through the aeration pipe 6. In the mixing chamber 4 is formed the air / water emulsion, which comes at an additional diffuser 5, in which there is intense dissolution of oxygen into the waste water.Waste water is saturated with oxygen. Turbulator 7 creates additional turbulence in the water-air mixture, which contributes to more dissolution of oxygen into the waste water. Further, waste water, saturated with oxygen, through the end walls 2 enters the reservoir, rasprostran, contributing simultaneously to the mixing process, which improves the water quality of the reservoir, performing the function of the water facilities. This increases the efficiency of the process of self-purification of the pond.If necessary, water can be discharged into the reservoir through the bypass line.Turbulator 7 may be performed, for example, in the form of a shell with radiating aperture 8, connected with the exciting coil and the coil inductance. Moreover, the radiating aperture 8 is installed in the hole at the area of connection of the mixing chamber 4 with an additional diffuser 5. Turbulator emits low frequency perpendicular discharged to the wastewater stream.The invention is possible and appropriate to use in the field of water protection measures during the construction lines of the release of wastewater into streams and reservoirs. A DEVICE FOR the release of WASTEWATER INTO WATER containing discharge pipe with an ejector having a confuser, the mixing chamber placed in front of a mixing chamber diffuser, aeration tube, tip and placed in the mixing chamber turbulator flow, characterized in that it is provided with an additional diffuser set for camera shmesani Rahma which is placed in the hole, formed in the upper part of the additional diffuser in the connection zone of the mixing chamber with an additional diffuser.
FIELD: sewage system, particularly combination of engineering structures and sanitary procedures for collection and draining-off domestic sewage water concerned with day-to-day people activity in countryside.
SUBSTANCE: sewage system includes bath, lavatory pan, washing stand, collecting vessel and decomposition vessel with orifices for purified water discharge in ground. Gas relief valve and pipeline are arranged in upper part of decomposition vessel. Above vessels are made as metal drums. Located inside decomposition vessel is filter system. Orifices are drilled in lower part of decomposition vessel and arranged along the full vessel bottom perimeter. Fertilizers from decomposition vessel are removed through above valve. System has connection means formed as flexible couplers to link domestic sewage junctions with above system structures.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability, simplified structure, technology and maintenance, reduced cost.
FIELD: methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage water into ponds through underground horizons.
SUBSTANCE: method involves prospecting underground horizon with required absorbing capacity extending into pond; arranging gravity water flow into horizon; bringing water flow velocity up to underground horizon seepage velocity and providing dispersed laminar water flow. Device comprises water supply pipeline and receiving filtering well with waterproof side walls filled with coarse filling material and having narrow neck. Arranged inside neck are water flow deflectors installed below water supply pipeline in several rows and filter widening in downward direction. Accumulation chamber is located at upper filter part. Coarse filling material is located under accumulation chamber. Particle size of coarse filling material smoothly reduces in top-down direction and filter bottom is located below upper boundary of underground absorbing horizon.
EFFECT: increased output, increased quality of utilized water.
2 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; vehicle vacuum toilet system.
SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains one toilet 1 placed in heated room 3 and connected through discharge valve 4 with drain pipe 5, container collector 6 connected with drain pipe 5 and device 8 to build vacuum in container-collector 6 and drain pipe 5. Container-collector is made in form of elongated vertically installed container 6 for collecting liquid sewage. Drain pipe is connected to container-collector 6 near center of its cylindrical main part. Container-collector is arranged in tight contact with room so that it is heated in height owing to heating of room. Container-collector can receive at least five toilet water drains.
EFFECT: prevention of freezing of contents in container-collector in period between its emptying without use of separate heating system.
12 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: control of WC flushing valves.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method of control of WC flushing valve in vacuum collector system includes opening and closing of flushing valve by means of control unit at rate ensuring opening and closing time of 0.25 and 0.4 s respectively. Device for control of WC flushing valve includes at least three working valves. Device and flushing valve are actuated by vacuum created in collector system. Said working valves may return to initial position by means of common piston-type rod made in form of cam which is actuated in its turn by piston in cylindrical chamber. First valve actuated by starting unit brings cylindrical chamber in communication with vacuum source in second valve actuated by cam which brings vacuum source in collector system in communication with drive unit of flushing valve and third valve brings flushing ring or similar unit with water source through pipes and passages.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: water protection, particularly for prevention of water basin contamination with surface water received from agricultural lands.
SUBSTANCE: modular device comprises vertical partitions, which divide thereof into receiving, overflow and sediment chambers. Device includes several identical sections provided with partition chamber, clean water chamber, oil and floating rubbish gathering chamber and has filtering dam installed in intake channel bed.
EFFECT: simplified structure, increased cleaning efficiency.
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly toilet system.
SUBSTANCE: toilet system comprises lavatory pan, flushing device to supply flushing water, line connected to the lavatory pan and to sewage pipeline, means to convey pumped-out mass from lavatory pan to the line and sewage pipeline. The means comprise two valves and pressure chamber arranged in-between, wherein the valves and pressure chamber are arranged in line. Reduced pressure is created in pressure chamber to force the mass from lavatory pan and pressure inside pressure chamber is increased to convey the mass to sewage pipeline. Pressure chamber is made as piston cylinder and includes piston connected to drive means. The drive means move the piston to reduce or increase pressure inside the pressure chamber. The system also has electric control means to control the drive means and above valves so that when the mass is forced out of the pressure chamber the piston movement is performed along with bringing both valves in closed state to create reduced pressure inside the chamber. After that the first valve is rapidly opened to provide the mass inflow from lavatory pan into pressure chamber.
EFFECT: reduced water consumption, increased operational reliability and service life.
9 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water, particularly to connect sewage pipes and odor seals.
SUBSTANCE: sewage pipe connector comprises inlet tubular part connected to the pipe and arranged upstream from the pipe to create inlet sewage water channel, outlet tubular part connected to the pipe and located downstream from it to create outlet sewage water channel and suppression part defining connection sewage water channel to create sewage water flow from inlet sewage water channel to outlet sewage water passage. The connector also has dividing tubular part, which forms dividing channel extending upwards from suppression section of the suppression part and dividing sewage water channel in upward direction at suppression section. Inlet and outlet tubular parts are located one opposite another and are coaxial one to another. Sewage water channel defined by suppression section is below the lowest part of adjacent sewage water channels. The connector additionally has dividing pipe connected to front end of dividing tubular part to enlarge the dividing channel in upward direction and lid detachably attached to the front end of dividing pipe for dividing channel sealing.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of odor suppression and prevention of outside odor spreading, possibility to regulate dividing channel height to compensate different depth of pipe laying.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: water supply and sewage systems, particularly for residential, public and industrial buildings.
SUBSTANCE: sewage system in accordance with the first embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal and at least one sewage water receiver provided with discharge pipeline. The system also has accumulation vessel arranged over lavatory pan and/or urinal and communicated with the discharge pipeline of at least one sewage water receiver. Lower part of accumulation vessel has at least one outlet pipeline to communicate accumulation vessel with lavatory pan and/or urinal. If sewage water receiver connected with discharge pipeline and accumulation vessel is in room located on one level with room in which lavatory pan and/or urinal is installed fore accumulation vessel is arranged in discharge line of above sewage water receiver. The fore accumulation vessel interior is communicated with sewage water receiver and provided with exhaust pump having inlet connected with lower part of fore accumulation vessel interior and outlet linked with main accumulation vessel interior. Sewage system in accordance with the second embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal with flushing tank provided with inlet valve arranged in upper part of flushing tank interior and connected to water supply system. Sewage system has at least one sewage water receiver provided with drainage pipeline and arranged in room, which is in one level with room having lavatory pan and/or urinal. The system is provided with accumulation vessel comprising exhaust pump having interior connected with drainage pipeline of at least one waste water receiver. Jet pump nozzle communicates with outlet part of inlet flushing tank valve. Mixing chamber communicates with lower part of accumulation vessel interior. Outlet part is connected with flushing tank interior.
EFFECT: possibility of household, industrial and atmospheric sewage water recycling and use for flushing lavatory pans and, as a result, reduced water consumption.
24 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: sewage systems, particularly waste water cleaning systems.
SUBSTANCE: object (independent) sewage systems include mechanical cleaning device (cesspools) and biological cleaning devices (filters, filtration fields). Filtering devices of adjacent zones are hydraulically united in single filtering device to increase discharge volume and smooth discharge irregularity due to possibility to receive peak discharge volume from different objects in different time and due to increased filtration field area at the moment of waste water discharge from one object because of all filtering devices connection in single filtering device. Some zones may contain no filtering devices and waste water therefrom is supplied into adjacent zones.
EFFECT: possibility to smooth discharge irregularity and increased system capacity, decreased sanitary zones of filtering devices and, as a result, increased building density.
12 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly toilet systems used in residential buildings and vehicles, namely in railroad cars, airplanes or buses.
SUBSTANCE: vacuum toilet system comprises lavatory pan, water flushing system, control unit and control button, accumulation tank with pressure and temperature sensors, with liquid level indicator and with heater electrically linked to control unit. System also has vacuum pump and conveyance pipelines. Vacuum pump has heater, at least one environment pressure sensor, conveyance pipeline and accumulation tank pressure sensor, environment temperature sensor, rotor blade temperature sensor and oil level indicating device electrically linked with control unit.
EFFECT: increased economical efficiency, reliability and service life.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural reclamation in the combined irrigation systems, when water protection measures, when the introduction of sewage and livestock wastes in irrigation systems from distribution pipelines, as well as for the release (discharge) of treated wastes to channel water courses (rivers, streams, and so on). The device includes a storage pond (1) of discharge water and a discharge gravity pipeline divided into two unequal parts. One part is a feeding one-piece tube (2) and the second part is made as an outlet discharge perforated tube (3), an ejector assembly is located between them. The ejector assembly consists of a suction chamber (4), an active nozzle (5) directed to the cone (6) connected to the outlet discharge perforated tube (3). On the outlet discharge perforated tube (3) with holes the polyethylene risers (7) with the scattering discharge outlets (8) are arranged. The internal cavity of the scattering discharge outlets (8) is provided with a nozzle-divider having a diamond shape with concave side walls. For the ability to protect against back flow of water to the scattering discharge outlets (8) they are provided with flexible diaphragms in the form a rubber, communicating with the nozzle-divider and the water outlet openings on the outside. The feeding one-piece tube (2) and the outlet discharge perforated tube (3) are fixed by means of piles-risers (14). The ejector assembly is also provided with a supply pressure pipeline (15) of clean water for additional dilution of the drainage water in the outlet discharge perforated tube (3). This achieves the effect of intensification of the drainage water dilution.
EFFECT: simple design and installation, reliability in operation, and also the fish protection function of the facility construction is provided; the device is protected from corrosion in the underwater horizon.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device includes a containment pond 1, penstock conduit 2, console head 3, a pipeline end 2 is placed on a concrete base 4. The console head 3 has the transverse water discharge closed tray 5 at the pipeline end 2, made in the plane of rectangular shape, the transverse wall 6 is mounted at its housing end. There are holes 7 in the lateral wall 6 for fastening the short exhaust pipes 8, connecting the tray 5 cavity. The transverse water discharge tray 5 is located at some distance above the dam slope of the containment pond 1 and fixed to the pipeline end 2. The tray 5 by the lower end is rested at the dam slope with the slab floors for its additional stable position over the containment pond 1, on the basis of its high position and the filling with flow. The slope section is overlapped with the metal plate 10 in the place of the spray falling at the dam slope. Provision of the given distribution of wastes flow intensity along the dam slope fixation and provision of the falling flow dropped from the tray through the outlet pipes is achieved by their length and the corresponding geometrical dimensions of the water discharged closed tray itself.
EFFECT: reduction of the strengthened dam slope section erosion, simple structure, operation stability and reliability, improved mating of the discharged flow along the dam slope with reduction of the flow intensity at the outlet from the water discharge closed tray.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a pressure pipeline with a head and an ejector. The pressure pipeline is divided by an assembly equipped at the inlet with a flow divider (5) made in the form of a tray (4) of two curved closed troughs of the same length, with the section increasing in the fluid movement direction, hydraulically connected to each other and to the discharging pipeline part with a head made at the inlet, with a stream-guiding element (9), V-shaped, with a point directed towards the flow. The discharge pipe is equipped with an orifice nozzle (10) in the channel watercourse, which is arranged inside with a clearance in a cylindrical housing (12) made in the form of a mixing chamber, where the inlet of the pipe with clean watercourse water has a passive liquid medium tangentially connected by a branch pipe to the body, and the formed mixture of water and waste liquid is discharged by means of a horizontal branch pipe (15) with a diffuser (16).
EFFECT: design simplicity, increasing the device performance and reliability, significantly increasing the efficiency of the process of mixing drainage effluents.
2 cl, 2 dwg