The method of operation of the internal combustion engine and internal combustion engine

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to power engineering. Goal: increase effective indicators. Through the steam inlet and the fresh charge in the cylinder, compression, ignition, expansion and exhaust steam is fed to the area of the cylinder located between the two pistons. The internal combustion engine includes a cylinder 1, placed in it the piston 2 and the free piston 10 is placed between the piston means 11 steam. 2 S. and 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to power engineering.

The known method of operation of the internal combustion engine by the inlet steam and the fresh charge in the cylinder, compression, feat, expansion and exhaust.

Known internal combustion engine containing at least one cylinder, placed in it the piston is kinematically associated with the shaft, the cylinder head forming with the piston and the cylinder combustion chamber, inlet, outlet and additional exhaust channels.

Part a pair of in the working process of the engine deteriorates further use of the products of combustion for the purposes of vaporization, which reduces disposable evaporation of water and the efficiency of the engine in which the inlet steam and the fresh charge in the cylinder compression ignition, expansion and exhaust, the steam is fed to the area of the cylinder located between the two pistons.

In an internal combustion engine containing at least one cylinder, placed in it the piston is kinematically associated with the shaft, the cylinder head forming with the piston and the cylinder combustion chamber, inlet, outlet and additional exhaust channels, the engine further comprises a means for supplying steam to the cylinder and a free piston, with means of steam supply is installed in the combustion chamber between the planes of the bottoms of the pistons.

In addition, the engine further comprises a limiter placed on the side of the cylinder adjacent to the cover.

The drawing shows the proposed engine.

The engine includes a cylinder 1, a piston 2, an inlet 3 and outlet 4 valves with channels, the turbine 5 to the compressor 6, the heat exchanger 7, utilizing the heat of exhaust gases, the pump 8, is connected from a source 9 of the condensed water. Additionally, the engine has a free piston 10, a steam nozzle 11 (or valve), the exhaust steam valve 12 located at the junction of the elements of 2.10 at the location of the piston 2 in the top dead point, the steam turbine 13, Oh is on limiters 17, preventing touch piston 10 with valves. The piston 2 in the area (surface) of the touch piston 10 may have bumps or beading over the entire area of the touch conducive to free penetrations of vapor in the space between the pistons when the inlet steam.

Gases, the exhaust in the cylinder 1, are removed through valve 4 are expanded in the turbine 5 and evaporate the water in the heat exchanger 7. Fresh charge (air-fuel mixture) is compressed in the compressor 6, through the valve 3 is let up in the cylinder 1 and moves the pistons together 2,10 toward the bottom dead point. Admitted the charge is compressed by the piston stroke and ignited candles (not shown). At this point, in the space between the pistons 2,10 means 11 of the steam injection serves pairs under a maximum pressure of combustion in the cylinder 1. Steam fills the space between the pistons, the supply of steam is stopped and the piston 2 moves downwards under the influence of expansion of the combustion products and steam at increasing the space between the pistons. When the piston 2 near the bottom dead point, the valve opens 4 and the exhaust gases are removed from the cylinder through the turbine 5 at first under the influence of the vapor pressure (the space between the pistons increases due to vapor pressure. One is by the valve 12 and the steam from the space between the pistons 2,10 replaced by the stroke of the piston 2 with a stationary piston 10 through the valve 12, the turbine 13, the cooler 14, the ejector 15. The condensed water from the cavities 9 of the pump 8 is supplied to the evaporator 7.

The path of water movement marked "a", path pair.

A method and device enables one cylinder completely separated from each other, steam and gas cycles, which increases the efficiency of the engine.

1. The method of operation of the internal combustion engine by the inlet steam and the fresh charge in the cylinder, compression, ignition, expansion and exhaust gases, characterized in that, to improve effective performance, the steam is fed to the area of the cylinder located between the two pistons.

2. The internal combustion engine and containing at least one cylinder, placed in it the piston is kinematically associated with the shaft, the cylinder head forming with the piston and the cylinder combustion chamber, intake and additional exhaust channels, characterized in that, to improve effective performance, the engine further comprises means to supply steam into the cylinder and a free piston, with means of steam supply is installed in the combustion chamber between the planes of the bottoms of the pistons.

3. The engine under item 2, otlichalis

 

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