The vehicle, driven by human muscle force

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: refers to mechanical wheeled transport, driven by the muscular energy of the person. The inventive vehicle driven by human muscle force, contains a body, in which is placed a foot actuator associated with the rear wheels through a CVT, battery and brake switch. The variable-speed drive, the battery and brake switch are certain constructs that are described in the application materials. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 17 ill.

The invention relates to wheeled mechanical vehicles, propelled by the muscular energy of the driver.

The aim of the invention is to improve performance.

This is achieved by the fact that the vehicle contains the bridge, including the transmission, connected with two supporting wheels, brakes and bearing body with the guide wheel.

What's new is that the vehicle equipped with the CVT, battery and brake switch installed in the body, and brake, made in the form of discs, are rigidly connected to the axle of the rear axle through the hub and interact with the General and the United flexible element and the mechanisms of fixation and release; each of the tapes made in the form of a pulley movably (swivel) mounted on the axle and provided with a scale (in the form of a coil); one of the cassettes provided with one or more coils with ratchet host shift, and the other additional pulley, rapovymi mechanisms and asterisk; reel first cassette is equipped with two (or more) streams, which are (one or more) coils additional flexible elements, one of which is spring-loaded and the other is connected to the pedal; a locking mechanism made in the form of a ball, a spring-loaded towards the carrier, rigidly connected with the axle and interacting with the planet carrier of the teeth of the ratchet rigidly United (monolithic) with cheek pulley by means of a hinge mounted on a drive rod rocker arm, a spring-loaded relative to the carrier; the mechanism of release is made in the form of a sector with the Cam profile and the ball support; on the cheek pulley of the first cartridge is installed stops interacting with the nodes switch placed on the casing. In the cavity of coils placed ratcheting mechanisms movably mounted on the axis; the first ratchet mechanism of the second cassette is placed on the cheek of the pulley, and the second ratchet mechanism on the housing; a sprocket loosely mounted on the axle and SN is additional flexible element. The battery is made in the form of a hollow shaped supports movably mounted on the shaft axis of the battery, placed sectional drum, flanged disks (supports) which are connected with a common axis and two hub; the hub is rigidly fixed stars, and on the first hub fixed pinion carrier connected to one end of the flexible element, the coils of which is placed on the damping compensator; damping compensator made in the form of sets of washers, hinge installed on the sectional axes of the drum; a second led connected to another end of the flexible element and rigidly fixed on the axis of the battery, and the second hub is rigidly fixed to the brake disc; the first hub movably mounted on the hollow support, and a second fixedly mounted on the axis of the battery. Brake switch made in the form placed on the same axis as the Cam sector and a handle) brake switch, rigidly connected with the sector ratchet mechanism mounted on the vehicle body; at the end ratcheting mechanism is made l-shaped bracket cable grooves for placement of mobile elements that interact with the Cam sector (Cam) through ContactName made the teeth of the ratchet, interacting with the spring loaded tooth, movably mounted on the handle of the brake switch through the push-button lever. Nodes switch made in the form of command and the actuator; command the device is made in the form accommodated in the housing (casing) fork thrust that includes one or more rods with hooks installed in the sled, communicating at one end with an actuating mechanism, the other with tooth (latch), traction interacting with the rod.

In Fig. 1 shows a vehicle, General view; Fig. 2 - the same, top view; Fig. 3 depicts the transmission of Fig. 4 - the progressive, side view; Fig. 5 - a variator, a top view; Fig. 6 a,b,C elements of the variator of Fig. 7 - pulley variator of Fig. 8 is a top view of Fig. 9 - brake switch; Fig. 10 is a section along a-a in Fig.9; Fig. 11 - battery; Fig. 12 is a rear axle of the vehicle; Fig. 13-17, the brake elements.

The vehicle includes drive 1, the rear axle 2, a transmission 3, the supporting wheels 4 and 5, the brake 6, the bearing body 7, a steering wheel 8, the variator 9, the battery 10, the brake switch 11.

Brakes 6 include the disks 12, the brake kolokuma with the brake pads 14. The brake pads 14 are placed in the bracket 18. The variator is made in the form of (two or more) tapes 19 and 20, is placed in the casing 21, and connected to a common flexible element 22 and the mechanisms of fixation and release. The locking mechanism made in the form of carrier 23 rigidly connected with the axle 24 and interacting with the planet carrier 23 of the teeth 25 of the ratchet. The teeth 25 are rigidly (integral) is connected with the cheek pulley 26 and interact with the teeth of the rocker arm 27, a hinge mounted on a drive rod 23 and spring-loaded by a spring 28 relative to the carrier 23. The tripping mechanism made in the form of sector 29 with the Cam profile and the ball support 30. Drove 23 (periodically) in contact with the ball 31, the spring loaded by a spring 32 in the direction of carrier 23. Each of the cassettes 19 and 20 are made in the form of a pulley 26 (33), moveable (swivel) mounted on the axis 24 (and 34) and provided with jaws 35, 36 (37, 38), i.e., the pulleys are made in the form of a coil. The cassette 19 is equipped with coils 39 and 40 with rapovymi mechanisms 41 and 42, is rigidly mounted on the axle 24. The cartridge 20 is provided with an additional pulley 43, rapovymi mechanisms 44 and 45 and the sprocket 46. Coils 39 and 40 is provided (two or more) streams 47 and 48, 49 and 50, which are coils of additional flexible elements 51, 52, 53, 54. Flexible elements 51 and 53 are biased, and 52 and 54 with the e nodes gear 58 and 59. Nodes switch 58 and 59 are placed on the casing 21. Ratchet mechanisms 41, 42 are placed in the cavity of the coils 39, 40. Ratchet mechanism 45 is placed on the cheek 38 of the pulley 33 and the ratchet mechanism 44 is placed on the casing 21. The sprocket 46 is freely mounted on the axle 34 and is provided with rapovymi wheels 60, 61 are placed on her butt. Additional pulley 43 is supplied with a stream 62, which is a flexible element 63. The battery 10 is made in the form of shaped support 64, slidably mounted on the axis 65. On the hollow shaped support 64 posted sectional drum 66, made in the form of a set of bushings rigidly connected with placed between the flanged disks-supports 67,68,69,70. On the periphery of the flanged disks 67, 68, 69, 70 are made coaxial hole axis 71,72,73,74,75,76, which rigidly connect these disks between themselves, forming a support under damping compensator made in the form of sets of washers 77,78,79,80. Washers are mounted on axes 71,72,73,74,75,76 articulated and form together with the axes of the drum, on which is applied a flexible element 81. The battery contains mounted on the hollow support 64 hub 82 and the axis of the battery 65 - hub 83. On the hub 83 is rigidly fixed sprocket 84 and the brake disc 12, the hub 82 is rigidly fixed to the sprocket 85 and drove 86. On the axis 65 jesd the religious grooves. Hollow bearing 64 and the yoke 88 pivotally mounted on an axis 65. The yoke 88 is rigidly connected with the body 7 and performs the role of the bracket. Flexible element 81 with one end connected to the planet carrier 86, the other with the planet carrier 87. The hub 82 is installed on the hollow support 64 rotatably (movably). The hub 83 is attached to the axis 65 motionless. Brake switch 11 is made in the form placed on the axis 89 of the Cam sector 90, (handle) handle 91 is rigidly connected with the Cam 90 and ratchet mechanism 93. Sector 92 ratcheting mechanism is rigidly fixed to the housing body 7. At the end of sector 92 ratcheting mechanism 93 is made l-shaped bracket 94 for attaching the cable 95, the grooves for the accommodation of movable elements 96 that communicates with the Cam sector (Cam) 90 through the contacting roller (swivel) mounted on the axis 98 fork bracket 99. The flange sector 92 ratcheting mechanism is made of the teeth of the ratchet interacting with tooth 100, the spring loaded by a spring 101, and movably mounted on the handle (the handle) 91 brake switch through the push-button lever 102. The casing 21 is rigidly fixed to the body 7. Additional pulley 43 is spring-loaded by a spring 103, the coil 39, 40 are biased by springs 104. The teeth 105 hrapovic battery 10. The battery 10 is connected through a sprocket 84 by a chain 108 with an asterisk rear axle 109 with a sprocket wheel 110. The sprocket 110 is rigidly mounted on the shaft 115 with rapovymi wheels 111, 112 and the hub 16 has a ratchet mechanism 113. The hub 17 has a ratchet mechanism 114. In the bracket 18 of the brake mechanism is axis 116 with lever and a Cam 117, and a support bracket 118 18.

The transport device operates as follows. By pressing the foot pedal 55, 56, pedal there is a limited path, equal to the circumference of the coil 39 (stream 49). Pedal rigidly connected with a flexible coupling 54 to the coil 40. One press of the coil makes one revolution. Rigidly on one axis 24 are ratcheting mechanisms 42, in which the coil rotates the shaft one revolution, and with it took 23 rigidly mounted on the axle 24. In initial position the foot pedal 55 return spring 53. Drove 23, while in the initial position, by turning the shaft 24 is out of contact with the ball 31. Ball bearing 30 out of the sector and the arm 27 by a spring 28 is rotated and ratchet (mechanism) a tooth of the rocker arm 27 is engaged with the teeth 25 connected with the cheek pulley 26. For one revolution of the ratchet pinion carrier 27 is in engagement (360about- and rises again to its original position, the AC the clutch carrier 23 with a pulley 26. The cassette 26 is spring-loaded via a flexible element 22, the pulley 20, the secondary pulley 43, the flexible element 63, the spring 103, so the whole system: the pulley 19 and 20 are returned to the initial position to the stop (hook) with 57 nodes switch 59. Cassettes will work reciprocating from any coil - 39 or 40. Further effort will be transferred from the cassette 33, 38 cheeks, ratcheting mechanism, the sprocket 45 46 (ratchet mechanism 45 is used for messages sprocket rotation in one direction; and 44 serves to prevent reverse). Further, the force from the sprocket 46 circuit 107 through the sprocket 85 of the battery 10, the hub 82, drove 86, the flexible element 81 drove 87 through the axis 23 of the hub 83 and sprocket 84 through the circuit 108, the force is transmitted by the sprocket 110 rear axle 109. From sprocket 110 through the ratchet wheel 111, 112, the force is transferred to the star wheels 113, 114, which are located on the hub 16, 17 and through the axis 15 on the supporting wheels 4 and 5.

Description of work. Braking consistent. First retards the output of the battery 10 through the brake disc 12 brakes 6 through the cable 95 (brake). Then braked rear wheels 4 and 5 through the axle 15, the hub 16 and 17, the brake disc 12 brake 6 through the cable 95. Then retards front disc wheel through t is of the vehicle has the ability to slow down the output of the battery 10 through the brake disc 12. To do this, the handle 91 of the brake mechanism from the zero position) to position I (fixed), then the roller 97 will move from R to R1through the axis 98 of the bracket 99, the movable element 96 will pull the cable 95 in relation to the l-shaped bracket 84, where the sheath of the cable 95 and through wire 95, the force is transferred fist 117 through the lever 115 and the axis 116. The Cam 117 will move the brake pads 14 and the brake disc 12 and the braking force of the disk 12 through the bracket 18 and the support 118 is transmitted to the body of the vehicle. At this time, the teeth 100 of the ratchet mechanism 93 will enter the groove sector 92 and the handle 91 is secured against sector 92. When you press the pedal 55 and 56, the force will be transmitted to the sprocket 46 of the actuator 1 and will accumulate energy in the battery 10. Under voltage will ratchet mechanism 44, sprocket 46, the circuit 107 of the actuator 1, the sprocket 85, hub 82, drove 86, the flexible element 81, drove 87, the axis 23, the hub 83, the brake disc 12, the brake 6, the yoke 88 and the body.

Charged mechanical battery 10 can be used for movement by moving the brake lever 91 from the position I to position "0". Then rastermusic disk 12 and the stored energy in the flexible element 81 is transmitted to the wheels 4 and 5 through the sprocket 84, the circuit 108, the m sector 92 of the handle 91 - II.

This position is retarded above the battery (consistent braking) and then the roller 97 will move from R to R1and just like everything else, only the braking force will be transmitted through the brake 6 rear brake discs 12, 119, 120. In a fixed position II these brakes will serve as a Parking brake.

III - position on the brake sector 92 of the handle 91.

The roller will move from R to R1and will transmit the force of the braking conventional disk brake front wheel. In this position the handle brake 91 is not fixed.

1. The VEHICLE, DRIVEN by HUMAN MUSCLE FORCE, containing mounted on the wheel body, in which is placed a foot actuator associated with the driving axles of the rear wheels through a CVT, battery and brake switch, wherein the variator provided with mechanisms of fixation and release in the form of multiple pulleys connected by a common flexible element and mounted on the axles for rotation relative to, and on one of the pulleys is a node switch gear, battery made in the form prescribed on the axis can be rotated relative to N. the first flexible element, which is connected the opposite ends of the elements, transmitting the torque, and the brake switch made in the form placed on the same axis as the Cam sector and rigidly connected with the sector ratchet fixed to the body of the vehicle, arm, and on the sector ratchet fixed l-shaped bracket for fixing the cable and made the slots for the placement of mobile elements that interact with the Cam sector through a roller mounted on an axis fixed to the fork bracket.

2. Vehicle under item 1, characterized in that the locking mechanism made in the form of two shoulders of the lever, the middle part pivotally mounted on one end of the carrier, which other end is connected with the same axis as one of the pulley, with one end of the two shoulders of the lever has the opportunity to interact with the teeth located on the pulley, and spring-loaded on it.

3. Trasporto tool under item 1, characterized in that the tripping mechanism is made in the form of a sector with the Cam profile and the ball support, the sector made interoperable with the second end of the two shoulders of the lever of the locking mechanism.

 

Same patents:

Drive bike // 2016808
The invention relates to a muscular drive bicycles, velomobiles, and so on

Bike "russia" // 2011596

Bike // 2009942
The invention relates to vehicles driven by human muscle force, particularly to power transmissions rental

Drive the vehicle // 2003572

Drive bike // 2000990

Bike gryzlov // 2000245

Bike // 2000244

Tandem // 2247051

FIELD: transport engineering; three-wheel tandem.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to three-wheel tandem part of which is made in form of sedicar. Driven bicycle without front wheel is attached to side of driving bicycle. Reciprocating drive of driving bicycle in form of levers with drum is furnished additionally with shaft connected with axle of levers of driven bicycle to form common power system.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of tandem drive.

5 dwg

Folding velomobile // 2299827

FIELD: transport engineering; folding tricycles with luggage carrier.

SUBSTANCE: proposed folding velomobile has T-shaped frame 1 on which seat 2 with backrest rake adjuster 3 and fore-and-aft adjuster to shaft seat along longitudinal axis of tubular frame and change distance between seat and pedals are secured. Brackets 4, 5 of seat 2 and luggage carrier 6 are installed on tubular frame 1 to which wheels 7, 8, 9 are connected being furnished with front mudguard 10 and rear mudguards 11, 12 on which reflectors 13, 14, 15 are installed. Front wheel 7 is secured by fork 16 and main steering column 17 which is connected with auxiliary steering column 18 and handlebar 19 by means of steering rods 20, 21. Foot drive 23 is coupled with right-hand rear wheel 8 through idler sprockets and chain drives. When necessary, transmission of torque to left-hand rear wheel can be provided.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of pedaling and reduced overall dimensions.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; sidecars.

SUBSTANCE: proposed folding sidecar contains bicycle 1 and sidecar 2 consisting of seat 3 with backrest rake adjuster 4, seat fastening brackets 5, 6, 7, 8 luggage carrier 9 installed on T-shaped tubular frame 10 on which wheel 11 and with mudguard 12 is fastened. Sidecar 2 is furnished with pedal drive 14. Tubular 10 consists of two interconnected parts and unit fastening sidecar 2 to bicycle 1. First part of frame includes tube with U-shaped bracket made to provide folding of frame 10. Second part of frame includes tubes 29, 30, 31 used to fasten wheel 11, and connecting tubes used to attach sidecar 2 to bicycle 1 by means of locks 35.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of pedaling and reduced overall dimensions.

1 dwg

Bicycle (versions) // 2428348

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to bicycles with two front wheels. Extra front wheel 10 is fitted parallel with main front wheel 2, its diameter d making 0.7 to 0.9 of main front wheel diameter D. Extra front wheel axle is arranged below that of main front wheel 2 loaded by their dead weight. Distance L between main front wheel 2 and extra front wheel 10 makes main front wheel 0.1 to 0.2 of D. Both front wheels 2, 10 are equipped with spring dampers. In compliance with one version, wheels 2, 10 are arranged in symmetry on both sides of bicycle frame. In compliance with another version, main front wheel 2 is arranged in bicycle frame plane while that of additional front wheel 10 stays there aside.

EFFECT: higher stability and smoothness.

5 cl, 4 dwg

Collapsible vehicle // 2640936

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: collapsible vehicle comprises a collapsible frame, a plurality of wheels, a battery. The frame comprises four elements, a first crossbar extending from a first rotation point to a second rotation point, and a second crossbar spaced from the first crossbar and extending parallel thereto and perpendicular to the four elements. The battery is located in the battery compartment attached to the seat located on the second crossbar. The collapsible vehicle includes a collapsible frame comprising a first crossbar, a second crossbar, a plurality of wheels, a seat, a battery compartment.

EFFECT: device improvement.

11 cl, 50 dwg

Tandem // 2247051

FIELD: transport engineering; three-wheel tandem.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to three-wheel tandem part of which is made in form of sedicar. Driven bicycle without front wheel is attached to side of driving bicycle. Reciprocating drive of driving bicycle in form of levers with drum is furnished additionally with shaft connected with axle of levers of driven bicycle to form common power system.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of tandem drive.

5 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drives with reciprocating levers. Driving rocker 2 and driven rocker 4 are connected by connecting rod 3. Pedals are secured on driving rockers 2, and tie-rods are connected to driven rockers 4 for coupling them with freewheeling mechanisms 6. Driven rockers 4 can be suspended from slider 10, rocker or eccentric to change ratio of drive in motion.

EFFECT: enlarged ratio change range in drives with reciprocating levers.

6 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; bicycles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to brake control drive with reciprocating levers. Levers 1, 2 are provided with two overrunning clutches mounted o one axle with sprocket 4 coupled by first flexible transmission 5 with drive sprocket 6. Levers 2, 2 are interconnected by second flexible transmission with disk 9 on axle 10. Said levers, being bell cranks, are additionally interconnected by third flexible transmission 14 with disk 15 fitted on axle 10 to provide transmission of forces applied to toe-clips from pedal to pedal. Axle 10 can be made either fixed or provided with joint 11 and coupling with brake 13 set into operation when forces are applied to both levers 1, 2.

EFFECT: accelerated transfer of force from pedal to pedal.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to foot drive of electric transmission. Proposed small-size vehicle for individual use has base 1 with two driving wheels 3 connected through belts 29 of variable-speed drive with two electric motors 27 supplied by battery 8 and/or generators 11 with possibility of recuperation. Base 1 is hinge-connected with one- or two-axle bogie 4 with two generators 11. Generator armatures are rotated by pedals 14 provided with spiral rods 17 with pull-back springs 17 or equipped with levers and gears for rotating the armature.

EFFECT: increased distance covered without charging.

12 cl, 5 dwg

Pedal drive // 2274576

FIELD: muscular drives; roller skates.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lever drive of roller skates. Hinge joint 4 of pedal 1 is arranged in middle part of pedal. Pedal 1 is connected with one of flexible member 12 secured by ends on sheaves 13,14 of mechanism with flexible coupling and passed over sheaves 13,14 of said mechanism from two sides. Flexible material tapes of cables are used as flexible members. One of sheaves 14 is connected with drive gear 15 of toothed mechanism.

EFFECT: possibility of use of smaller diameter sheave as compared with diameter of standard toothed gear, increased transmission gear ratio and speed of running.

16 cl, 4 dwg

Vehicle // 2283243

FIELD: transport engineering; entertainments.

SUBSTANCE: proposed vehicle contains traction motor 47 and stepless gearbox - variable-speed drive. Used as variable-speed drive can be amplifier consisting of power differential 1, comparing differential 30, regulating differential 2, control differential 36 and two-self-braking mechanisms 3, 4. Input of power differential is connected with traction motor and input of regulating differential, central gears 17, 18 of power differential are connected with driven links 15, 16 of self-braking mechanism and with central gears 32, 33 of comparing differential to provided rotation of central gears of comparing differential in opposite directions. Driving links 13, 14 of self-braking mechanisms are connected with central gears 19, 20 of regulating differential and central gears 42, 43 of control differential to provide rotation of central gears of control differential in opposite directions, and change of gear ratio is carried out by means of bicycle-type pedal unit 46 mechanically coupled with control differential with possibility of changing speed of rotation of its central gears. Central of regulating differential are closed by speed equalizer 41.

EFFECT: provision of vehicle with ratio change and reversing by means of bicycle-type pedal drive.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Up!