Transport means for transporting lightweight deformable cargo

 

(57) Abstract:

The inventive vehicle is mounted on a chassis tipper body, two opposite sides of which are made in the form of a movable flexible panels with trossoblochnoy drive their lateral movement. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill.

The invention relates to vehicles, and is intended for transportation of raw cotton in Nesterenko form with fields or warehouses for cotton processing enterprises, as well as to transport other lightweight soft goods.

Known vehicles for the transport of cotton, containing one or more dump bodies, located on the chassis, fitted with add-on to increase the volume of transported cargo (Short automotive Handbook. - M.: Transport, 1979, S. 201).

The disadvantages of the known vehicles is the under-utilization of vehicle capacity due to the small mass of cotton and bulky, massive construction tipper body with the add-in.

Known vehicle for transporting light weight goods, including the dimensions of the superstructure and the system of levers and tagesthema linkage lays out the add-in increasing the volume and lowering down the add-formed, condensing cotton [1].

The disadvantages of this vehicle are cumbersome and bulky design, insecurity and complexity of the design, since it is known that the rebuilding of large metal surfaces of the linkage system due to the lack of rigidity and distortions often leads to loss of health; limited degree of compaction (low) determined by the kinematics, strength and stiffness tunable add-ons.

The purpose of the invention is the increase in the mass of the transported cotton in the same volume by pre-compaction, reducing the metal body add-in to simplify the design and thereby increase reliability.

This is achieved by the fact that in the proposed vehicle containing mounted on the chassis of the dump body is rigidly attached to the frame with two opposite sides and mounted on the latter sliding boards to drive their lateral movement, the movable Board is made in the form of flexible panels, the upper edges attached to the axes of the rollers are arranged in a horizontal healthy lifestyles is rosjanie locking elements with tension devices, the drive movement of the movable boards made trossoblochnoy, blocks which are installed at the ends of the upper and lower edges of the fixed side of the body, and the cable one ends fixed respectively on the upper and lower edge of one panel, opposite side discharge, zapasovany through blocks located loading side and connected to the other ends of the chassis to pull.

Comparative analysis with the prototype shows that the proposed vehicle differs in that the movable body side is formed of flexible panels; the upper edge of the flexible panels through the pulleys are attached to the horizontal rails, made in the upper parts of the stationary sides and the bottom edge through the quick-release locking elements with the tensioning devices are attached to the floor of the body; the top and bottom edges of the flexible panels through the blocks and ropes, resulting in movement of the flexible panel, connected with the chassis of the vehicle.

The top and bottom edges of the flexible panels through the blocks and cables can be connected with a winch. Thus, the claimed solution meets the criterion of "novelty."

Execution 2 sides of the body in the form of flexible panels sleet pre-sealed with cotton during loading, thereby increasing the weight of the shipment.

Install winch with hydraulic or other actuator for the drive system of blocks and ropes can simplify the design and to carry out the sealing of cargo without lifting the body.

In Fig. 1 shows the vehicle in the initial state, and Fig. 2 - seal of goods by means of the hydraulic cylinder; Fig. 3 - unloading of cargo with the help of the hydraulic cylinder; Fig. 4 - the vehicle is in the initial state with an installed winch of Fig. 5 - seal of cargo using the winch of Fig. 6 - unloading of cargo by means of a winch.

The vehicle includes a flexible panel 1 through the rollers 2 connected at the top with horizontal guide rails 3, forming together with the transverse walls 4 of the body of the vehicle. The bottom flexible panel 1 is fastened to the floor of the body 5 through the quick-release locking elements with the tensioning device 6. Top and bottom flexible sheets 1 through cables 7 and 8 blocks are able to be attached to the chassis 9 of the vehicle to one side or the other.

In the initial state before the loading of cotton in the back of the flexible panel 1 is attached and tensioned quick-release locking the tensioning device is Apolonas the drop-off, connect to chassis 9 by any known method, and the lower part of the flexible panel 1 on the same side is detached from the floor of the body 5. Is the rise of the body of the cylinder, and the cables 7 move the upper and lower parts disconnected flexible cloth 1, which, acting on cotton, pressed it to the attached flexible panel 1 side slope and compacting it. The amount of movement of the flexible panel 1 and the degree of compaction of the cotton depends on the magnitude of the lifting body.

After returning the body to its original state disconnected the flexible panel 1 back manually or mechanically through additional troubleshoo system, the released amount is added to the cotton and the cycle repeats. For unloading cotton are exempt from the quick-release locking elements both flexible cloth 1, the unloading is carried out by hydraulic cylinder lifting body, while the flexible panel on the side opposite the wall, helps unload cotton. Possible further simplification of the metal, which instead of the hydraulic cylinder and the base of the body on the chassis mounted winch 10 with hydraulic or other actuator. Seal and unloading cotton is similar to that described above, t is the second state is performed manually or mechanically through additional troubleshoo system.

1. TRANSPORT MEANS FOR TRANSPORTING LIGHTWEIGHT DEFORMABLE GOODS containing mounted on the chassis of the dump body is rigidly attached to the frame opposite flanges installed on the last movable side actuator moving, characterized in that the movable Board is made in the form of flexible panels, the upper edges attached to the axes of the rollers are arranged in a horizontal rails, made in the upper parts of the fixed sides and bottom edges of panels mounted on a floor of a body quick release locking elements with tensioning devices, the drive movement of the boards made trossoblochnoy, blocks which are installed at the ends of the upper and lower edges of the fixed side of the body, and cables one ends fixed respectively on the upper and lower edges of one panel, opposite side discharge, zapasovany through blocks located loading side, and connected to second ends of the chassis to pull.

2. Vehicle under item 1, characterized in that it is equipped with a winch, mounted on the chassis and connected with cables.

 

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