Automated control system
(57) Abstract:Usage: automated control of electronic equipment of complex objects, including space. The inventive system includes a switch 1, a Converter 2 analog - code, two block matching 3 and 4, the buffer storage unit 5, the inverter 6 of the parallel code in the serial, the decoder 7, block 8 electronic keys, digital computing machine (CVM) 9, block I / o 10, block 11 synchronization unit 12 pair, two optical transceiver 13 and 14, a fiber-optic communication line (FOCL) 15, a personal computer 16, an additional unit 17 pairing, highway interchange 18,19 and 20. Due to the introduction of the Converter 6, block 8, a decoder 7, block 11, transceivers 13 and 14, optical fiber 15, the computer 16, block 12, this system allows for increased accuracy of control, job security and to increase the number of removal of control points from the test object. In addition, thanks to the introduction of additional information exchange channels (block 17 and highway interchange 20), the system provides versatility in the control of various objects. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to crepaway, which include on-Board digital computer (computer), as well as spacecraft, which has no on-Board computer, and provides fully automatic mode testing. The system can be used at the stage of preparing the property for commissioning, routine maintenance, or at any other time, except for work in standard mode.A device for automatic control of electronic equipment. The device is used in automated quality control nodes of electronic equipment.Known automated control system (ASC) parameters of the radio, which is used for continuous automatic control of the parameters of the radios on the enterprises production.However, the known device and system can provide control of electronic equipment that is on Board the aircraft and is complicated equipment.Known ASA, which are designed for control of on-Board equipment on-Board and on-Board equipment, the control of which is performed on the Earth.Known ASA codeproject and remote control. The test object is connected test serialno device (PS), the inputs and outputs of which are connected respectively to the outputs of the generator simulating signals (GIS), with inputs DCM, which in turn is connected with the GIS, with led indicator and remote control. The main functional units of the IST are the normalizers and the type Converter the analog-to-digital code.The disadvantage ASC is their biggest challenge and that the management process is not sufficiently automated and versatile.The closest ASC is a system containing switch connected in series, the Converter analogue-code, the device I / o, inputs and outputs which are connected to the inputs-outputs computers, other inputs and outputs which are connected to the input-output long-term storage device, the information input is input, one corresponding output device I / o through the switch connected to the corresponding inputs of the blocks-consumers, other suitable output connected to the input of the buffer memory block, the output of which is connected to the connected station, the comparator input is connected to the control object. This ask about the commonality, need for broad application as ASA devices, including space. In addition, the ASC does not provide volume control, as it does not possess sufficient validity and reliability of process control, diagnostics and monitoring, there is provided a security control object, which provides powerful radio devices.The aim of the invention is to create an ASC, which would allow to increase the reliability of the control, security, and expanded the functionality of the control by increasing the checkpoint removal of controlled information and the introduction of the ASC for more information exchange channels.For achieving the objective of an automated control system that contains the switch corresponding to the inputs of which are connected with the corresponding outputs of the control object, the Converter analogue-code information the input of which is connected to the outputs of the switch, digital computing machine, the inputs and outputs which are connected to the inputs-outputs of the block I / o buffer memory unit entered Converter parallel to serial, the information is properly input transducer similar code, two of the unit agreement, the unit of electronic keys, decoder, one group of outputs of which are connected to respective inputs of the switch, another group of outputs connected to the inputs of the block of electronic switches, the outputs of which are connected to respective inputs of the switch, the outputs of which are connected to respective inputs of the control object, the synchronization unit, interface unit, two optical transceiver, United fiber optic communication line, and a personal computer, which is connected with one optical transceiver General highway interchange, other optical transceiver is connected to the connection unit total highway interchange the outputs of the synchronization unit connected to respective inputs of the block I / o and interface block, which is connected to the local highway interchange with block "o" and after the first block matching with object control, the input signal input to the program the CVM is connected with the corresponding output interface block, control outputs of the Converter of the parallel code in serial connected to respective inputs of the decoder, in addition, the block I / o is connected to the local highway interchange with a decoder, with transformed into the consideration connected local highway interchange with object control, in addition, there is an additional connection unit, which is connected to the control object multiplex channel exchange Manchester-2" and block I / o local highway exchange.In Fig. 1 shows an electrical structural block diagram of the ASC in Fig. 2 is a block diagram of the Converter of the parallel code in the serial.ASC contains a switch 1, a Converter 2 analog-code, two blocks 3 and 4 of the agreement, the buffer storage unit 5, the inverter 6 of the parallel code in the serial, the decoder 7, block 8 electronic keys, CC 9, block I / o 10, block 11 synchronization unit 12 pair, two optical receiving transmitter 13 and 14, a fiber-optic communication line (FOCL) 15, a personal computer (PC) 16, block 17 pairing, local highway interchange 18, General highway interchange 19, highway interchange 20 multiplexor channel Manchester-2", shows the test object 21.Converter 6 parallel code in a sequential contains the input unit 22, the register 23 of the reception code commands, the register 24 of the reception code address register 25 of the code issuing addresses, block 26 control, eight-bit register 27 of the code issuing commands, sixteen-bit register 28 issuing consistent is consistent code the decoder 31 addresses of subscribers receiving serial code amplifiers 32.The system works as follows. In accordance with a set program of tests in the PC 16 is loaded packages test programs in computers 9 input the input to the program. In accordance with these programs are sampled control points of the test object 21 and compared with the allowable limits. The results of the measurements and the control algorithm is checking the operation of the test object 21. The control system incorporated in the personal computer 16 provides as managing direct hardware control object 21, and management simulators environment, causing the impact on the test object 21 close to the real conditions of operation. Converter 2 collects information from various sensors of the test object 21: sensor output voltage from 0 to 6, a temperature sensor, a signal in the form of a circuit dry contact or an electronic key. The information obtained is converted into a digital code. The voltage sensors are encoded in eight-bit parallel code using a Converter 2 analog-code, and the signal sensors are combined in volmerswerth 6. Inverter output 2 information supplied to the Converter 6 with a frequency of 80 or 40 kHz, where it is converted into a serial code. The control signals by the Converter 6 come from the PC 16 via the transceivers 14 and 13, the connection unit 12, the unit 10 I / o through line sharing 18. The information obtained in the Converter 6 is supplied through the block 10 in DCM 9, where the comparison of obtained data with the reference. According to the results obtained information the CVM 9 through the block 10 in accordance with the selected algorithm generates control signals to the inverter 6, which issues control commands in the form of codes to the decoder 7, which then issues control commands to the test object 21 in the form of a relay closure time of 0.1-0.9 with directly through the switch 1 or through the block 8 electronic keys with controlled duration outputs through which the switch is connected to the corresponding inputs of the test object 21. The team managed duration comes to amplifiers commands the test object 21, and then directly into the system. Commands in the control object may also be sent directly via the information channel from the CVM 9 through the block 10, the highway interchange at highway interchange 20, unit 17 pairing, which converts the code interface type Manchester-2" in the code interface type "salute" and then through line sharing 18, block 10, DCM 9. Highway exchange 20 and the block 17 pairing is required in this system for application in the object control interface, Manchester-2" (the Interface of the ice GOST 2676552-87), which currently has a wide application in space communication systems. Machine-to-machine communication on-Board computers control object and CUM ASC is provided through a buffer storage unit 5, which represent two halves of a RAM write access to which is made only from its zone. The information read from the block 5 is provided with any of the computers on both halves of RAM. Communication on-Board computers of the test object 21 (not shown) and DCM 9 ASC with a personal computer 16 through the block 12 pair, in which the conversion interfaces "salute" from the onboard computers of the test object 21 and the CVM 9 ASC in a single interface "Q-BAS". The converted information on the General highway interchange 19 is supplied to the transmitting part of the transceiver 13 is converted into an optical fibre-optic 15 is transmitted to the transceiver 14, where the inverse transform in elektricheskaya means test. Block 11 receives a frequency of 1 Hz and 125 Hz in the block 10 and a frequency of 1 Hz in block 12 pair for the current time and the integral time. Blocks 3 and 4 are required for amplification of the signals of the interface "salute" from the test object 21 to the ASC and Vice versa, because the ASC is located at a distance of 30 m from the test object 21. FOCL 15 transceivers 13 and 14 is applied to increase the noise immunity of the signals from the PC 16 and remove the PC 16 from the test object.The operation of the transducer 6 of the parallel code in the serial is the following. Information word in the form of bipolar parallel two-byte words transmitted from the unit 10 on the transformer inputs driver input unit 22, where the formation of the signal amplitude 4-6 in patibility unipolar signal. The generated signal is sent to the registers 23 and 24, the output of which command codes are received at the register 27 and output in the form of successive eight-bit code is supplied to the amplifier 32, where increases from 5 to 6-10, and formed a duration of 1.5 to 4 MS. The generated signal from the output of block 22 through the register 24, the register 28 is supplied to the decoder 30, which signal control unit 26 issues with the, the.E. two signals are input to the decoder 7, and one signal of the control input of the Converter 2 analog-code. Inverter output 2 signal as a sequence of sixteen-bit code is supplied to the inputs of the respective amplifier 32 and through the decoder 31 under the control block 26 control is transferred to the input register 29, the output of which through the register 25 is supplied to the inputs of the input unit 22, where the gain of the signal output circuits for dual transformer output and then double-byte parallel code is supplied to the unit 10.This ASC is built on the principle of multi-machine exchange, which greatly improves the reliability of process control, diagnostics and control. The number of removed points of control can be more than 4096. Proposed ASC also has self-control. Each block ASC made in the form of a module that provides the change in the number of monitored parameters as in the direction of increase and decrease, depending on the configuration. The advantage of this system is that as the PC uses a personal computer wide application type VMRS/ATA developed peripheral is currently has wide application in the system space objects. 1. AUTOMATED CONTROL SYSTEM containing switch, one group of inputs which is intended for connection of analog information signals from the test object, the Converter analogue-code information the input of which is connected with the first group of outputs of the switch, digital computing machine (CVM), the inputs and outputs which are connected to the outputs of the input block I / o buffer storage unit, characterized in that the input Converter of the parallel code in a consistent, an information input connected to the output of the Converter analogue-code control output connected to the control input of the Converter the analog-code, two block matching, the block of electronic keys, decoder, one group of outputs which are connected to the other inputs of the switch, another group of outputs connected to the third group of inputs of the switch through the power electronic switches, a second group of outputs of the switches is intended for connection of the control signals of the control object, the synchronization unit, interface unit, two optical transceiver, connected by a fiber-optic communication line and a personal computer, the inputs and outputs which Podkova optical transceiver connected to respective outputs-inputs of the interface block total highway interchange the respective outputs of the synchronization unit connected to respective inputs of the block I / o and interface block, the relevant inputs and outputs of which are connected with the corresponding outputs-inputs of the block I / o and the first block matching local highway interchange, in addition, the respective outputs-inputs of the first and second block matching are intended for connection to the inputs-outputs of the DCM object control input "Enter program" computers connected to the corresponding output interface block, control outputs of the Converter of the parallel code in serial connected to respective inputs of the decoder corresponding to the input-output unit, I / o connected local highway interchange with the corresponding outputs-inputs decoder, Converter parallel to serial and a buffer memory unit which other inputs-outputs connected to the outputs-inputs of the second unit agreement.2. The system under item 1, characterized in that an additional block mates, some relevant inputs and outputs of which are connected to the local highway interchange with the corresponding outputs-inputs of the block I / o, and other inputs-the Jena between them is used multiplexor channel exchange Manchester-2".