Way fence storage waste using waterproofing underground devices, covering storage underneath and surrounding him on all sides, and installation for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of fencing waste storage, built under the earth's surface, and protection of structures against groundwater. The way the fence with waterproofing underground devices, covering storage underneath and surrounding him on all sides, includes sinking beneath and along the longitudinal axis of the waterproofing of the main roadway and the adjacent slot spaces, directed to the earth's surface and filled zabudovanym material. The method differs in that one ends of the slot spaces connect with the main roadway, while others take on the earth's surface. The sinking of the slot spaces carry out clearing face with the help of machines for sewage extraction, transporters and lining. Obtained by the sinking of the breed through the mouth of the face is directed to the main roadway and brought to the surface. The installation includes electric machine with cutting reel mounted for movement on the chain scraper conveyor, and section walking lining with hydraulic jacks and suspended verhnekame. Differs hours walking lining on the side of the bookmarks provided foster ustroystvo the gap between the through the end of the roof bar and the downhole end of the support box roof. 11 C.p. f-crystals, 8 ill.

The invention relates to a method of fencing disposal of waste by means of underground waterproofing device, sufficiently covering the storage underneath and surrounding him on all sides, which is entered using the technical tools used in mining, and is held in the longitudinal direction gidroizolyatsii design the main roadway, and at least on one side connected to the main track held to the surface of the earth slit space, and in the aperture space is zabutovochnyh material and, if necessary, sealing structural elements and/or drainage elements. Fencing store in the framework of the invention means that an existing repository, in particular the special store with underground sealing device is in a shell that contaminants contained or formed in the buried waste, do not emerge to the degree in which they can pose a danger, and can not move, damaging, for example, ground water. Breed means any soil or the environment of the store regardless of p which includes all substances who can sufficiently reinforce the slit space and form by themselves and/or in combination with sealing elements sealing design that satisfies the requirements of waterproofing. Sealing elements are, for example, waterproofing film. Drainage elements serve to under control to divert conveyor containing impurities, filtration of water. Auxiliary tools for technology mining mean machines and devices that are typically used in underground mining of coal. The invention finds wide application also common in mining terminology.

In the known method (De-OS 3617956) slit space is produced parallel to the main roadway, namely in the form of spaced parallel tunnel-shaped sections with suitable apparatus to shield driving.Simultaneously embedded waterproofing sole. Thus repulsed by sinking breed pressed behind the machine on the side of the bookmark. Excessive rock brought to the surface. Flowing by hydrolyzing the sole filtration water can be discharged through the main is podkreplyalisj, neither be controlled from the surface of the earth.

In the context of other well-known from practice activities on both sides and bottom of the store produced two passes in most cases, in the longitudinal direction of the storage area (drift). Using machines to clean the face is produced in passing generally horizontally or with a slight inclination relative to the horizontal slit space, which is not displayed on the surface of the earth. However, the mouth of the shaft and the inlet of the face are connected to the roadway. The drifts are connected to the shafts. These activities are also expensive. They require all the technology underground mining enterprise, face for extraction, drifts and shafts and in addition also works and waterproofing. Known events, despite the great technological costs, not carry out unconditionally requirements for waterproofing technology.

Under the store only constructed waterproofing the Foundation. Full wrapping with these events do not reach. To create such kapsulirovanie to waterproofing the ground should be connected at the edges of the vertical waterproofing wall to the activities, which should be carried out with high costs with the help of machines for cutting slots you walls and units for the technology of deep penetration.

The purpose of the invention is to implement a way so that the event could be supported from the surface and to the waterproofing structure that meets all the requirements, you can create it using simpler technology.

To solve this problem the invention proposes that the gap space formed across the main roadway, as well as on the main roadway to the earth's surface in the form of a tunneling current stope with the help of machines for developing a solid bottom in the form of machinery for mining, transporting device and the support, the mouth of slaughter development when it is located in the main passage, and the inlet it brings to the surface so that the resulting mining rock with transporting devices shall be on the earth's surface along the main roadway, where it enters through the mouth of the pit, and that slit in the space through the inlet, located on the surface of the earth, was introduced at least zabutovochnyh modit expression, because these machines are similar to the machines used in underground mining solid face. They meet them in relation to the operation. In constructive terms, and in size can be fit to the special relationships that should be taken into account in the framework of the invention. Typical mining machine in the form probochnoi machine with cutting drums and the conveyor device, as well as rewarding the mounting device and the filling device is described, for example, in the standard literature on mining and mining equipment. Typical mining machine is also the so-called mining helix.

The invention is based on the fact that these mining activities is very simple, you can create under the vault waterproofing structure. When this event gornoprohodcheskoj technology, using which turns the slit space, markedly simplified, because a substantial part of the activities of this technology can be built and implemented at the earth's surface. Especially it concerns the introduction of zabudovaneho material and waterproofing measures.

If in this way produce gidroizolirovat to the main roadway from its side directed with a slope relative to the horizontal as long as he is at a sufficient distance from the store will not come out (on the surface). On the other side of the bath to block with slotted walls. Main entry feature with some uniform slope to divert incoming water filtration through the drop height.

Depending on the geological relations and conditions of groundwater enough to one side to connect the host to the surface of the slit space to kapsulirovanie was sufficient. In the preferred form of execution of the invention the main roadway connects to the host on the surface delavau space on both sides. Due to this, under the vault is equipped with a waterproofing structure in the form of the ship's hull.

In particular, there are many other variants of the invention. For example, the main roadway in front of and behind the store is connected to the shafts that lead to the surface. Here you can overlap by extension the Torah and the ultimate end use of the walls of the slit. The preferred embodiment of izopet to inclined sections of the roadway, which lead to the surface of the earth. Further, it is believed that the main drift and/or shafts and/or ramps drift fixed using tunneling technologies. In the form of execution of the method according to the invention, in which the entered waterproofing structure resembling the hull of a ship, you can refuse the walls of the slit, is omitted by using the technique of underground workings, and if necessary - also from mines.

Mining operation can be performed using justificatory devices and machines. For example, one embodiment of the invention differs in that when operating in the continuous slaughter of the work is done with a chain scraper conveyor, conveyor chute which is directed electric machine and the drive units for chain scraper conveyor and electric machines are located in the area formed in advance of the inlet of the face on the earth's surface, and that when operating in a continuous face-to-trough conveyor connected hours walking supports, which are regulated in accordance with the size of the moving developments lava, following the progressive breaking of rocks. The walking racks lining noisolation structural elements, for example, in the form of a waterproofing film, and sealing elements, for example, in the form of a waterproofing film, are placed in the auxiliary boxes, and also together with zabudovanym material is directed from the surface and are inserted in the slit space.

Another form of execution of the invention according to the technology of mining is characterized by the fact that the current mining face work in each case with a mining machine of the type mining helixa, which has a mining auger Assembly and adjacent to the main roadway mounting the enclosure in the form of a lining machine, and transporting device for the smitten rock that mining helix with traction bodies that are held in one or more auxiliary wells on the surface of the earth, is directed at the mining site of slaughter and that zabutovochnyh material, and waterproofing elements and/or drainage elements are inserted into the corresponding free cut mining site of slaughter through its inlet with the earth's surface. In freely cut the mining site of slaughter can be found lost items lining, which can simultaneously receive and/or send hidroizolare to that work is carried out with the help of mining machinery, which freely penetrate into the rock trenches, and ditches with earth surface drain elements are introduced in the form of drainage pipes.

In Fig.1 shows a longitudinal section through the store to the main horizontal development (drift) of Fig.2 - the same, with the indicated applicable treatment faces (the faces) of Fig.3 - node I in Fig.2; Fig.4 - section b-B in Fig.3; Fig.5 - the same, a variant of Fig.6 - this is the same variant of Fig.7 - this is the same variant of Fig.8 is a view In Fig.3.

In Fig.1 and 2 shows the storage 1, which is laid in the usual way. You must protect this store to others it sufficiently waterproof construction.

In the axial direction in the middle under the vault 1 was carried out to develop the main passage 2. He serves for draining obtained when the development gap space 3 of the breed and for further movement. To the main passage 2, starting from one end of the roadway, adjacent descending on both sides across the main roadway leading sloped up slot space 3 (Fig.2).

To the main roadway connected with moving the existing treatment of the faces, which is near the store 1 Poreba work machines for cleaning faces, namely mining machine 5, the conveying device 6, a fixing device 7 and the filling device 8. Obtained through mining machines 5 breed with transporting device 6 is directed in the main passage 2 and it is put on the surface of the earth (arrow in Fig.2). Next, enter at least zabutovochnyh material 9 waterproofing structures through located on the surface of the earth the hole 4 of the bottom slit in the space 3. The main passage 2 in front and to the rear of the store 1 is located under the bias of mine 10 or sloping sections of roadway that lead to the surface (Fig.1). The main passage 2 and/or shaft 10 and/or sloping sections of roadway constructed using tunneling technology. Under the storage 1 occurs waterproofing structure in the shape of the hull (Fig.1, 2).

In the current mining face work hitch scraper conveyor (unit 6), into the groove 11 which as the mining machine moves to the electric machine. Drive units for chain scraper conveyor and electric machine 5 are in the field of pre-fabricated inlet 4 of the face (Fig.2) located on the surface of the earth. In the current mining C is the quiet can be adjusted in accordance with the size of the moving current of lava, following the progressive extraction of the breed. At a walking roof support (device 7) as stowing devices connected auxiliary machines (device 8) in the form of racks lining, which is arranged to bookmark and waterproofing of structural elements, and sealing structural elements are placed in the auxiliary machines (8) in the form of a sealing film 12. They are entered as zabutovochnyh material 9, with the earth's surface and fill the gap space 3. Zabutovochnyh material 9 is introduced by pneumatic bookmarks (Fig.4). Work is performed with the help of the mining machine 5, which is freely cuts through the grooves 13 in the breed. In the groove 1 in the earth's surface are introduced drainage elements in the form of drainage pipes 14. Zabutovochnyh material 9 has a sealing structure of the mixture and is introduced as a sealing layer. Additional waterproofing is achieved by using a waterproofing film 12, which, for example, is a strip of plastic. Seepage water flows into the drain pipe 14 and sent to the main passage 2.

In Fig.6 and 7 shows a system of walking racks lining (device 7) with the horizontal rails 15 and the suspended roof bar 16 by a chain scraper conveyor (device 6) and move it a mining machine 5 with cutting drums 17, and the device 18 to enter zabudovaneho material 9, which side of the bookmark is attached to the corresponding rack walking roof support support box roof 19 with bookmarking shield 20 and the guide pipes for zabudovaneho material 21. Hours walking roof support (device 7) can be adjusted in accordance with the values of promotion ahead of the gap space. Support box roof (unit 19) pivotally connected to the uprights walking lining around the perpendicular relative to the direction of penetration and lying in the plane drilling axis. Reference filling boxes with the shields connected to the control boxes of the roof (with one degree of freedoms of catching-up step Nachholxhriff-Frliheifsgard) and by the construction of the piston-cylinder 22 for (software), lag (in accordance with the data values given thickness is introduced in the direction of penetration of the layers zabudovaneho material may be made catch-up (nachholbar).

In Fig. 6 and 7 shows that hours walking roof support (device 7) in each case from the bookmarks have a receptor for bays for rolls sealing film 23, and the film 12 through the crack goes to the facing side of the bookmark to the outboard end of the roof bar 16 hours of Sagaydachnogo shields, and also thanks in zabudovanou slit space 3.

Support box roof (device 18) and a control box 19 with bookmarking shields made in the form of mounting racks bottom horizontal rails 15 and the suspended roof bar 16. Suspension roof bar 16 is equipped with a lifting cylinder-piston 24. Suspension roof bar 16 supporting roof boxes (device 18) on the side tabs and hanging roof bar 16 supporting ducts 19 with bookmarking shields from the direction of penetration with the guide elements 25 into each other, like a comb, and thereby the degree of freedom with catch-up (Nachhol-Freiheifsgard).

Fig.8 explains that the method according to the invention can also be carried out using other mining machines. In active Stopes work in each case with the mining machine 5 with mining helix 26 (gewinnunhshelix), which is adjacent to the main roadway, made in the form of racks lining the mounting wall 27 and the conveying device 28 for derived rocks. Mining helix (gewinnungshelix) 26 is moved through the draw bodies 29, which are on the earth's surface in one or more secondary openings. Zabutovochnyh material 9, and that the p site of the mining face through its inlet 4 from the surface of the earth.

1. Way fence storage waste using waterproofing underground devices, covering storage underneath and surrounding him on all sides, including the bolt along the longitudinal axis of the vault and below by technical means used in mining waterproofing the main roadway and the adjacent at least one side of the slot spaces, directed to the earth's surface and filled zabudovanym material and/or sealing elements, and/or drainage elements, characterized in that the slotted space are transverse with respect to the main drift direction, in this case, one ends of the slot spaces connect with the main roadway, while others take on the earth's surface, the driving of the gap spaces carry out clearing face with the help of machines for sewage extraction, transporters and lining with the movement of the face from the main roadway to the earth's surface, obtained by the sinking slab spaces breed with transporting equipment through the mouth of the face is directed to the main roadway and bring it to the surface of the earth, and zabutovochnyh material waterproofing. is audica fact, when the mines, having access to the earth's surface, the main roadway in front of and behind the store connected with this mine.

3. The method according to PP.1 and 2, characterized in that in the presence of inclined shafts and/or inclined drifts with access to the earth's surface, the main roadway connecting the inclined shaft and/or areas of an inclined roadway.

4. The method according to PP.1 to 3, characterized in that the main drift and/or shaft, and/or sections of the inclined drift krepjat used in mining means.

5. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the slotted space are on both sides of the main roadway, when this form of waterproofing structure in the shape of the hull of the ship.

6. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the current mining face transportation breed is performed with the help of a chain scraper conveyor, chute which move the electric machine and the drive units for conveyor and electric cars have on the earth's surface in the area formed in advance of the inlet for slaughter and that the mining face to the chute conveyor attach the rack walking roof support, the position of which regulate in accordance with the size EUCAM walking roof support connected auxiliary boxes in racks lining, in which place the sealing structural elements and zabutovochnyh material, the latter is injected from the surface into the slotted space.

8.The method according to PP.1 to 5, characterized in that the current mining face the rock excavation is carried out using electric machine with a working body in the form of a screw Assembly having adjacent to the main roadway boxes lining type racks lining, while working body electric machine with traction bodies that have one or more auxiliary wells, conducted from the surface, moving in the area of the recess of the breed, with zabutovochnyh material, sealing elements and/or drainage elements injected into the mined-out area through the inlet from the surface of the earth.

9.The method according to PP.1 to 8, characterized in that the mining machines in the rock cut grooves, in which the surface of the earth enter the drainage elements in the form of drainage pipes.

10. Install fencing to store waste using waterproofing underground devices, covering storage underneath and surrounding him on all sides, containing machine unit consisting of electric machines with cutting is rape, contains the associated hydraulic jacks horizontal rails and suspension vernaci for securing mining installed so that they can move past the electric machine after clearing face as the tunnelling gap space and device for the introduction of zabudovaneho material related to the racks and through the ends of Varnakov horizontal hinge axis which is perpendicular to the direction of penetration, bearing boxes of the roof, connected to the reference filling boxes with filling shields and pipes for feeding zabudovaneho material, and installed so that they can move through the cylinders to the step of shifting depending on required thickness of the input layer zabudovaneho material, characterized in that what hours walking lining on the side of the bookmarks provided with a receiving device for spools or reels for rolls of sealing film, which is arranged to move through the gap between the dam by the end of the roof bar and the downhole end of the support box roof and forth on the support frame of the roof and the adjacent backfill duct in zabudovanou slit space.

11.Installation according to p. 10, characterized in that the reference is passed a suspended roof bar, fitted with a hydraulic RAM.

12. Installation according to p. 11, characterized in that the additional roof bar supporting roof boxes from bookmarks and additional vernaci filling boxes with downhole hand made with the guide elements mounted one in the other type of dies can move a step advancing.

 

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