Two-cylinder hydroimpulsive reversal - paradigmically onenotepowertoys module elektrogenerirovannymi.
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the field of engineering. Valves and actuators are installed on the pipes. The actuator includes a nozzle and directing the glass of a cylinder. Gidropress device is a valve with a spring. The spool is connected to the valve. The piston is kinematically connected to the rod. The rod is connected with a rack meshing with a freewheel. Rod-carrier connected with the bolt rod, dampers and filters. Shaft with gear cover pinion shaft of the generator. The valve is equipped with a window. This embodiment of the module allows you to increase efficiency and to improve its environmental performance. 2 Il. The invention relates to mechanical engineering, in particular hydropower equipment.Dam hydroelectric usually believed to be clean and harmless enterprises, but recently they began to be fair criticism due to inundation of large areas, the need to transfer locations. The creation of artificial reservoirs leads to a sharp change in the ecology of the area, change in the pressure on land and groundwater levels that negative is NCI leads to water pollution, the appearance of harmful blue-green algae, promotes the growth of bacteria carrying the epidemic, the violation of floods and disappearance as a result of green meadows, in some cases, is soil salinization.However, still experts-energy capital engaged in technical issues only in the field of dam hydraulic engineering. But today it is impossible to solve the technical issues of energy, without considering their impact on the biosphere, the social conditions of people's lives and related sectors of the economy, from which, moreover, large gidroenergostroy are mostly out of the reach of their electrification distances and conditions. Meanwhile, in the regions where these farms, there are many rivers, classified as small. However, these small rivers has unused potential capacity of 69 million kW , i.e., from them you can learn about 37 million kW with the use of modern means of hydropower. However, as it turned out, to date, the appropriateness of tools for developing hydropower resources should be determined by economic considerations, where reflected not only firebullets not so much to develop the actual electricity, as the operational capacity of consumers, having as main generating a powerful building block units that are able to reliably provide a particular consumer, using both individual adjacent to the location of the consumer of the river, and separate sections with a small energy potential.Long work is underway to use the free flow of rivers without the use of dams. However, the way of harnessing the energy of the flow in hydroelectricrelated focused on the conversion of mechanical energy of the flow of water into mechanical energy secondary link when the slave link is moved due to a change in angular momentum. In this case, obtaining industrial electricity is possible in the case of pass through such a hydraulic device to the costs of Q, which is possible only in cases when the river has great speeds and living sections, or by decreasing the value of one of these values is the increase of the other. The turbine in this case can not work without the dam, about the undesirable consequences of the devices mentioned above.For industrial use, hydroelectric dam with cross-rotor is the ka of them block-compact option through hydraulic node BPHES skip flow Q=2.15 m3/1 kW. For many industrial items and the result is good and in the mountainous regions of BPHES can be used by 60% in the summer and 35% in the winter.As for lowland rivers, BPHES cross-rotor type can be used on small rivers for 40% and supply by 10%.A further search of funds to increase capacity of the dam hydraulic motors have been possible only in the way of change approach to the design of mechanisms using the energy of a moving mass of water, removing the limitations imposed by the angular momentum and the transition to the bulk of the machine, allowing the use of the force impulse.From the analysis of the material is determined that hydropower machines using impulse power instantly locked thread, have dimensions that allow placing them even in very small gaps between the bottom and the ice covering the river, or on the tributaries of the rivers depth of 0.1-0.15 m at speeds below 1 m/s, when you receive industrial capacity, what is the purpose of the establishment of the proposed module that meets the requirements of the task to get high industrial energy capacity at all flow rates, including and below 1 m/s and minimum Renergie objects of national economy, first and foremost, those that are difficult for electrification through a centralized Rosenergoatom, using the momentum of the flow of water.The aim of the invention is the exception with its technical capabilities to minimize the dimensions and material impact of design features and dynamic systems for hydrographic and environmental conditions of the region where you are installing the module when at least to some extent they would adversely modify these and other naturally existing natural factors, but, on the contrary, with the simplicity of the device and installation that does not require special mechanisms, and use only those that are personnel and mandatory farms - personal and collective - current design creates conditions for rapid install it there, where it appears a need, or move it to another location to increase the saturation if necessary, other commercial object for immediate installation and commissioning.The module can also be used for direct drive machines in the absence of the current generator and the supply line the water is, 2 - node freewheel clutches.The module consists of a hydroline, including two parallel spaced nutritional pipe 1, on which, for example, from the top perpendicular to each of the pipes on the estimated hydraulic distance, taking into account the shock wave front from overlapping normal valve 2, the output of the cut pipe, installed separate hydraulic motor 3, the cavity of which is connected with the cavity of the tube 1, to which it is attached. The casing of the hydraulic motor includes a water discharge pipe 4, the guide glass slide device 5, power 6 cylinder forming a working volume cavity where Gidropress device consisting of a valve 7 is pressed by the guide Cup, for example, an annular spring 8. The slide 7 carries a cylindrical valve 9. The power cylinder 6 contains a working link, for example, in the form of a piston 10, kinematically linked by a rod with a mirror located on one axial line of the piston opposite cylinder. To the shaft 11 through the rod 12 parallel to the rod at a level coincident with the perpendicular axis, attached to the rail 13, which engages between the input outer surfaces of the shroud Lena rod-drove 15, bearing in perpendicular to the parallel connection rod packing rod 16, the dampers 17 and filters 18. The shafts 19 parallel to the face of the sprocket clutch 14 freewheel and cover coaxially available at their ends gear 20 gear shaft 21 of the generator 23 current, which is a kinematic mesh window 23 of the spool.The module operates as follows.Initial from external impact on reversing mechanism(2, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16) valve 2 instantly overrides for example, the water discharge hole right nutritional pipe 1 (Fig. 1). Traffic flow instantly stops and the amount of its movement is transferred to the impulse incremental pressure P, propagating in the opposite direction of the current flow direction, forming a stop valve 2 plot of waves at some distance from the valve the shock front, where installed on a preliminary design of the determination of the hydraulic motor 3 connected to its cavity with a cavity nutritional pipe 1.Under the action of the pressure P of the spool 7 compresses the spring 8 and rises into the power cylinder 6, overlapping cylindrical valve 9 cavity outlet pipe 4 and napthol valve 2 is flow and in the absence of pressure the valve 7 under the influence of spring 8 is transferred to the lowest starting position of the cylindrical valve 9 frees the cavity of the nozzle of the hydraulic motor 3 left nutritious pipe 1 when the piston 10, in complete tact pressure on him at this point, the piston 10 of the right hydraulic motor receiving power and momentum going into the labor movement, under pressure P in motion reversal kinematic chain(11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2), when under the action of the rod 11 of the piston of the left hydraulic, opposite active at the moment, the piston 10 moves to the outlet nozzle, pushing through the spool window 23 waste liquid without penetrating it into the pipe, locked the spool 7 and passing in the described measure the water flow rate Q when the discharge flow movement.At the same time through the rod 12, the movement of the rod 11 is transmitted to the rail 13, resulting in a rotational movement in two-way engagement with the rail clamps couplings 14 free motion of the output link (Fig. 2). With this under consideration, tact, for example, the lower freewheel has jammed between the yoke and the asterisk, for example, rollers, and therefore connected with a sprocket wheel lower shaft 19 is provided in the rotation transmitted in the lower diametrically aligned with the gear 20 of the lower shaft gear shaft 21 of the generator starts to rotate in the opposite direction, bringing into rotation through werstern shaft free motion of the output link. Also, the asterisk upper overrunning clutch has a free running without engagement with the yoke. At the same time via United with the stem 11 of the rod 12 and the exhaust from them at right angles to the rod-drove 15 identical motion is transmitted to the parallel rail 13, the bolt rod 16, on which is placed the valve 2 when the valve of the right pipe (in the direction of flow) is opened, and the left valve 2 is closed to the moment of exhaustion of impulse forces from the right of the hydraulic motor 3 to generate current and resistance movement (magnetic, mechanical), as well as depreciation of inertia of the actuator compression, such as a spring 17, with the disappearance also pressure in the right hydraulic motor, where when opening the valve 2 is restored pressure flow Voand under the influence of, for example, an annular spring 8, the spool 7 moves to the lowest position, bringing cylindrical valve 9 of the outlet valve, and active power process right hydraulic motor 3 is changed to the passive, while it replaces the activation pulse of the power process in the left hydraulic motor 3, repeating the operation gidroapparat when there is a new reversal of the power stroke, identical to those described with the will deprive from sprocket and torque on the lower shaft 19 is not transmitted, but at the same time, the upper freewheel output link, entering the cage in engagement with the sprocket through the rollers and the process of transferring torque to the upper shaft 19, and through him to the generator shaft 22 continues in its rotation in the same direction without interruption. Two-cylinder HYDROMULCH-POWER REVERSAL-PARADIGMICALLY LINEAR-SETONWORLDWIDE MODULE ELEKTROGENERIROVANNYMI containing hydraulic machines of the talus type of nutritional hydrologically, managed gidroustroystva, the hydraulic accumulator and the output element, wherein the nutritional hydrological made in the form of two parallel fixed nutrient tubes, each of which is supplied installed on the actuator, the cavity of which communicates with the pipe, and the piston of the power cylinder located coaxially with the same piston of the other of the hydraulic motor, the output element is a free-wheel clutches, the module is equipped with a shaft current generator and reversing mechanism for changing the direction of movement of the free-wheel clutches, made in the form of a rod for coupling the pistons, rods, attached to the stem, Reiki for transmission onward movement Vihear - led, connected at right angle with the rail and the slide rod, with each actuator is equipped with hidroapparatus for regulating the pressure force of the pulse, is made in the form of a slide valve with attached cylindrical valve and a compression spring, and freewheel kinematically connected with the shaft of the generator.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-conventional power sources, and it can be used in plants using energy of wind, river, deep sea and other currents. Proposed plant contains one or several vertical shafts and horizontal rods with blades. Said hollow rods are installed on shafts for limited turning relative to their axes. Opposite blades of each rod are rigidly secured on rod square to each other and eccentrically relative to axis of rod. Shafts adjacent in horizontal direction are made for rotation in opposite directions.
EFFECT: provision of simple ecologically safe device operating at any direction of current in liquid and gaseous medium and at medium interface.
FIELD: hydraulic engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed for converting kinetic energy of small and medium rivers into elastic energy. Proposed hydraulic unit contains hydraulic turbine installed on frame with bearings on its shaft, generator mechanically coupled with hydraulic turbine, stream shaper and device in form of plates to protect hydraulic unit from floating debris. Hydraulic unit has intermediate vertically and horizontally installed shafts with bearings interconnected by conical gears. Vertical shaft is arranged in well built near bank and communicating with river by channel made under level of maximum possible thickness of ice cover. Part of horizontal shaft connected with hydraulic turbine is arranged in said channel. Upper end of vertical shaft is connected with generator through ground horizontal shaft and step-up reduction unit. Stream shaper is made in form of flaps installed on shaft for turning to direct water stream of river to its central part between which turnable gate is installed for contacting with one of flaps to direct water stream to right-hand or left-hand side of hydraulic turbine.
EFFECT: provision of reliable operation all year round.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydraulic turbine generators are designed for creating stationary and portable hydraulic plants of modular type. Generators have rotor with central shaft non-rotating around horizontal axis or vertical axis (as version) on which chain drive gears are rigidly fitted, each being coupled through independent chain drive with planet pinion members arranged radially and uniformly around central shaft. Each member has blade reduction gear consisting of gear of chain drive and of large and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxial and rigidly coupled with gear of chain drive of blade reduction gear, and large cylindrical gear is rigidly secured on axle of blade installed horizontally for generator (or vertically, as version). Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation on brackets secured on hubs by bases. Hubs are installed on both ends of shaft for rotation and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims being drive wheels connected with energy converters by flexible drive.
EFFECT: provision of effective and reliable operation.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: conversion of river stream energy into electric power.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant has base in the form of catamaran that mounts current generators and their drive, current parameters stabilizing system, turbine capable of running in fully submerged condition, and its hoist. Turbine is made in the form of belt conveyer installed on edge at certain angle to river stream. Blades made of flexible material are secured throughout entire width and length of belt. Each blade is made in the form of bucket capable of folding and resting on belt during transfer from working to idle side of conveyer, and it has pocket on external surface for automatic raising of blade by river stream during transfer from idle to working position. Turbine hoist has rocker arm for turbine suspension hinged on one end to catamaran and on other end, to turbine frame that mounts generator-drive bevel gear so that longitudinal axes of hoist rocker-arm hinges and longitudinal axis of bevel-gear driven pinion are disposed on same line. In addition, hydroelectric power plant is equipped with device enabling variation of turbine angle of installation to water flow.
EFFECT: enhanced power capacity.
1 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: turbine is designed to convert energy of water or air streams inflowing from side. Proposed turbine has shaft hinge-mounted in post around which blades are installed for turning in radial directions between supports rigidly and normally connected to shaft. Turning of blades is limited by stops. Blades are made flat, with rounded off long edges, and are arranged around shaft minimum in two directions with spaces between edges. Turning of blades is limited by two stops, and tire in turbine, thus formed, repeats in length of shaft with uniform angular turn. Supports can be made in form of radial cantilevers with aerodynamic profiling of cross section. Stops are made retractable into support body if pressure force of blade exceeds calibrated force of spring holding the stop in working position.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of using energy of fluid medium flow, simplified design.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for creating stationary and transportable modular hydraulic plants and setting up unit hydraulic power stations. Proposed water-wheel generator has body, shaft with central bevel gear, planet pinion members, each containing blade and shaft with bevel gears on ends, one end of shaft being coupled with central gear. Central bevel gear is rigidly secured on one of ends of central shaft non-rotating around its axis and arranged vertically. Planet pinion members are arranged around central radially and uniformly. Shaft of each planet pinion member with bevel gears on its ends is made single-section, and bevel gear belonging to said shaft and pointed to side of blade of said planet pinion member engages with bevel secured rigidly and coaxially to smaller spur gear of blade reduction gear. Larger spur gear engages with smaller one, and it is secured on axle of blade installed vertically. Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation of brackets mounted by bases on cylindrical housing installed for rotation coaxially relative to central shaft, and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims. Upper rim, being drive wheel, is coupled with energy converters. Central shaft rests by both ends with locking on framework provided with pontoon devices. Invention makes it possible to use river current energy with maximum efficiency at no adverse effect on environment caused by submersion of river flood lands caused by building of dams, energy of ocean currents, energy of tides and ebbs owing to use of blades with two points of support. Versions of design of water-wheel generators are provided in description.
EFFECT: simple design, high adaptability to manufacture and servicing of water-wheel generator.
5 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: generation of electric energy by conversion of water flow.
SUBSTANCE: electric energy is generated with the aid of vane-type machine having at least one rotor, rotor-driven generator and float for vane-type machine; vane-type machine is anchored stationary and rotor is oriented in direction of water flow. Vane-type machine is held in suspended state below water surface. Float may be inflated with compressed air and may be filled with water when required. Rotor is mounted on axle oriented in way of water flow. Rotor blades may be turned with the aid of mechanism in direction of water flow or in opposite direction. Rotor axle is just hollow axle forming the float. Vane-type machine is invisible during operation of plant.
EFFECT: simplified construction; reduction of time required for mounting.
22 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: wind and hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind and hydraulic motors with vertical shaft of rotation. Proposed vertical shaft turbine has shaft hinge-mounted on post with rigidly and normally attached supports, and blades arranged between supports and installed on axle for turning being limited by two locks. Supports are installed in two directions to form row. Blades are made of closed elastic material tightly enclosing thickened axle to prevent axial displacement and vertical rigid edge spring-loaded relative to axle. Moreover, each blade is provided with stops fixing elastic material relative to thickened axle. Turbine can be furnished with additional rows of supports with blades installed higher and/or lower than first row. Turbine can reliable operate irrespective of velocity and gusts of wind, region and place of mounting, including movable objects, with provision of efficiency 10-16% higher than that of similar constructions.
EFFECT: simple design, effective operation.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: the micro hydro-electric power station is designed for converting energy of flowing medium into electrical energy. The device contains of ground unit, consisting of electricity distributing device, control system and controlled ballast load, a fixed water tank, generator located lower than the level of water in the hermetic tank and connected to the ground unit using water resistant cable. The water turbine with a horizontal axis of rotation, is mounted at the run-out and connected to the shaft of the generator through a gear transmission, in the form a multiplier located in a gondola. A cone is placed on the inlet of the run-out in front of the water turbine. The generator is located in the direction of flow behind the multiplier in the same gondola, which is supplied with a device for pumping water from its bottom part. The cone is made of flat elements; part of which is made in such a way that turning about longitudinal axes is possible. A driving gear is provided for this purpose.
EFFECT: increased operation reliability; power regulation.
6 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable energy sources, namely, wind energy conversion into electric energy. Converter contains frame and first and second blades that are kinematically connected with cord (chain), first and second drums (starts) that are motionlessly installed in the shafts of the first and second gears, which interact with the first and second gears via corresponding overrunning clutches, third gear and conical pair of gears with step-up gear and generator, fourth and fifth gears that interact with the third gear and third and fourth blades that are kinematically joined with cord (chain) and third and fourth drums (stars), which interact with fourth and fifth gears via corresponding overrunning clutches. Converter is made of two parts that are symmetrical in respect to outlet shaft of fifth gear, in which drive gear of conical pair is motionlessly installed. The second option of energy converter consists of two parallel adjacent pipes, in the middle of which leak-tight chamber is installed, and blades are installed inside pipes.
EFFECT: increase of efficiency factor and reduction of fluid medium energy conversion net cost.
9 cl, 8 dwg