Two-cylinder hydroimpulsive reversal - paradigmically onenotepowertoys module elektrogenerirovannymi.


(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of engineering. Valves and actuators are installed on the pipes. The actuator includes a nozzle and directing the glass of a cylinder. Gidropress device is a valve with a spring. The spool is connected to the valve. The piston is kinematically connected to the rod. The rod is connected with a rack meshing with a freewheel. Rod-carrier connected with the bolt rod, dampers and filters. Shaft with gear cover pinion shaft of the generator. The valve is equipped with a window. This embodiment of the module allows you to increase efficiency and to improve its environmental performance. 2 Il.

The invention relates to mechanical engineering, in particular hydropower equipment.

Dam hydroelectric usually believed to be clean and harmless enterprises, but recently they began to be fair criticism due to inundation of large areas, the need to transfer locations. The creation of artificial reservoirs leads to a sharp change in the ecology of the area, change in the pressure on land and groundwater levels that negative is NCI leads to water pollution, the appearance of harmful blue-green algae, promotes the growth of bacteria carrying the epidemic, the violation of floods and disappearance as a result of green meadows, in some cases, is soil salinization.

However, still experts-energy capital engaged in technical issues only in the field of dam hydraulic engineering. But today it is impossible to solve the technical issues of energy, without considering their impact on the biosphere, the social conditions of people's lives and related sectors of the economy, from which, moreover, large gidroenergostroy are mostly out of the reach of their electrification distances and conditions. Meanwhile, in the regions where these farms, there are many rivers, classified as small. However, these small rivers has unused potential capacity of 69 million kW , i.e., from them you can learn about 37 million kW with the use of modern means of hydropower. However, as it turned out, to date, the appropriateness of tools for developing hydropower resources should be determined by economic considerations, where reflected not only firebullets not so much to develop the actual electricity, as the operational capacity of consumers, having as main generating a powerful building block units that are able to reliably provide a particular consumer, using both individual adjacent to the location of the consumer of the river, and separate sections with a small energy potential.

Long work is underway to use the free flow of rivers without the use of dams. However, the way of harnessing the energy of the flow in hydroelectricrelated focused on the conversion of mechanical energy of the flow of water into mechanical energy secondary link when the slave link is moved due to a change in angular momentum. In this case, obtaining industrial electricity is possible in the case of pass through such a hydraulic device to the costs of Q, which is possible only in cases when the river has great speeds and living sections, or by decreasing the value of one of these values is the increase of the other. The turbine in this case can not work without the dam, about the undesirable consequences of the devices mentioned above.

For industrial use, hydroelectric dam with cross-rotor is the ka of them block-compact option through hydraulic node BPHES skip flow Q=2.15 m3/1 kW. For many industrial items and the result is good and in the mountainous regions of BPHES can be used by 60% in the summer and 35% in the winter.

As for lowland rivers, BPHES cross-rotor type can be used on small rivers for 40% and supply by 10%.

A further search of funds to increase capacity of the dam hydraulic motors have been possible only in the way of change approach to the design of mechanisms using the energy of a moving mass of water, removing the limitations imposed by the angular momentum and the transition to the bulk of the machine, allowing the use of the force impulse.

From the analysis of the material is determined that hydropower machines using impulse power instantly locked thread, have dimensions that allow placing them even in very small gaps between the bottom and the ice covering the river, or on the tributaries of the rivers depth of 0.1-0.15 m at speeds below 1 m/s, when you receive industrial capacity, what is the purpose of the establishment of the proposed module that meets the requirements of the task to get high industrial energy capacity at all flow rates, including and below 1 m/s and minimum Renergie objects of national economy, first and foremost, those that are difficult for electrification through a centralized Rosenergoatom, using the momentum of the flow of water.

The aim of the invention is the exception with its technical capabilities to minimize the dimensions and material impact of design features and dynamic systems for hydrographic and environmental conditions of the region where you are installing the module when at least to some extent they would adversely modify these and other naturally existing natural factors, but, on the contrary, with the simplicity of the device and installation that does not require special mechanisms, and use only those that are personnel and mandatory farms - personal and collective - current design creates conditions for rapid install it there, where it appears a need, or move it to another location to increase the saturation if necessary, other commercial object for immediate installation and commissioning.

The module can also be used for direct drive machines in the absence of the current generator and the supply line the water is, 2 - node freewheel clutches.

The module consists of a hydroline, including two parallel spaced nutritional pipe 1, on which, for example, from the top perpendicular to each of the pipes on the estimated hydraulic distance, taking into account the shock wave front from overlapping normal valve 2, the output of the cut pipe, installed separate hydraulic motor 3, the cavity of which is connected with the cavity of the tube 1, to which it is attached. The casing of the hydraulic motor includes a water discharge pipe 4, the guide glass slide device 5, power 6 cylinder forming a working volume cavity where Gidropress device consisting of a valve 7 is pressed by the guide Cup, for example, an annular spring 8. The slide 7 carries a cylindrical valve 9. The power cylinder 6 contains a working link, for example, in the form of a piston 10, kinematically linked by a rod with a mirror located on one axial line of the piston opposite cylinder. To the shaft 11 through the rod 12 parallel to the rod at a level coincident with the perpendicular axis, attached to the rail 13, which engages between the input outer surfaces of the shroud Lena rod-drove 15, bearing in perpendicular to the parallel connection rod packing rod 16, the dampers 17 and filters 18. The shafts 19 parallel to the face of the sprocket clutch 14 freewheel and cover coaxially available at their ends gear 20 gear shaft 21 of the generator 23 current, which is a kinematic mesh window 23 of the spool.

The module operates as follows.

Initial from external impact on reversing mechanism(2, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16) valve 2 instantly overrides for example, the water discharge hole right nutritional pipe 1 (Fig. 1). Traffic flow instantly stops and the amount of its movement is transferred to the impulse incremental pressure P, propagating in the opposite direction of the current flow direction, forming a stop valve 2 plot of waves at some distance from the valve the shock front, where installed on a preliminary design of the determination of the hydraulic motor 3 connected to its cavity with a cavity nutritional pipe 1.

Under the action of the pressure P of the spool 7 compresses the spring 8 and rises into the power cylinder 6, overlapping cylindrical valve 9 cavity outlet pipe 4 and napthol valve 2 is flow and in the absence of pressure the valve 7 under the influence of spring 8 is transferred to the lowest starting position of the cylindrical valve 9 frees the cavity of the nozzle of the hydraulic motor 3 left nutritious pipe 1 when the piston 10, in complete tact pressure on him at this point, the piston 10 of the right hydraulic motor receiving power and momentum going into the labor movement, under pressure P in motion reversal kinematic chain(11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2), when under the action of the rod 11 of the piston of the left hydraulic, opposite active at the moment, the piston 10 moves to the outlet nozzle, pushing through the spool window 23 waste liquid without penetrating it into the pipe, locked the spool 7 and passing in the described measure the water flow rate Q when the discharge flow movement.

At the same time through the rod 12, the movement of the rod 11 is transmitted to the rail 13, resulting in a rotational movement in two-way engagement with the rail clamps couplings 14 free motion of the output link (Fig. 2). With this under consideration, tact, for example, the lower freewheel has jammed between the yoke and the asterisk, for example, rollers, and therefore connected with a sprocket wheel lower shaft 19 is provided in the rotation transmitted in the lower diametrically aligned with the gear 20 of the lower shaft gear shaft 21 of the generator starts to rotate in the opposite direction, bringing into rotation through werstern shaft free motion of the output link. Also, the asterisk upper overrunning clutch has a free running without engagement with the yoke. At the same time via United with the stem 11 of the rod 12 and the exhaust from them at right angles to the rod-drove 15 identical motion is transmitted to the parallel rail 13, the bolt rod 16, on which is placed the valve 2 when the valve of the right pipe (in the direction of flow) is opened, and the left valve 2 is closed to the moment of exhaustion of impulse forces from the right of the hydraulic motor 3 to generate current and resistance movement (magnetic, mechanical), as well as depreciation of inertia of the actuator compression, such as a spring 17, with the disappearance also pressure in the right hydraulic motor, where when opening the valve 2 is restored pressure flow Voand under the influence of, for example, an annular spring 8, the spool 7 moves to the lowest position, bringing cylindrical valve 9 of the outlet valve, and active power process right hydraulic motor 3 is changed to the passive, while it replaces the activation pulse of the power process in the left hydraulic motor 3, repeating the operation gidroapparat when there is a new reversal of the power stroke, identical to those described with the will deprive from sprocket and torque on the lower shaft 19 is not transmitted, but at the same time, the upper freewheel output link, entering the cage in engagement with the sprocket through the rollers and the process of transferring torque to the upper shaft 19, and through him to the generator shaft 22 continues in its rotation in the same direction without interruption.

Two-cylinder HYDROMULCH-POWER REVERSAL-PARADIGMICALLY LINEAR-SETONWORLDWIDE MODULE ELEKTROGENERIROVANNYMI containing hydraulic machines of the talus type of nutritional hydrologically, managed gidroustroystva, the hydraulic accumulator and the output element, wherein the nutritional hydrological made in the form of two parallel fixed nutrient tubes, each of which is supplied installed on the actuator, the cavity of which communicates with the pipe, and the piston of the power cylinder located coaxially with the same piston of the other of the hydraulic motor, the output element is a free-wheel clutches, the module is equipped with a shaft current generator and reversing mechanism for changing the direction of movement of the free-wheel clutches, made in the form of a rod for coupling the pistons, rods, attached to the stem, Reiki for transmission onward movement Vihear - led, connected at right angle with the rail and the slide rod, with each actuator is equipped with hidroapparatus for regulating the pressure force of the pulse, is made in the form of a slide valve with attached cylindrical valve and a compression spring, and freewheel kinematically connected with the shaft of the generator.


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