(57) Abstract:The invention relates to hydropower. The actuator contains two projectile (S) with anchors. One truck (T) With the first contains the Central case (CC) and the side wings (Bq). Another T contains the CC and BC. Grid is connected via cable, switch and connected to the consumer using the tape cable. Both T connected with the non-driven mechanisms (VM) using tape (L) spooled on the reel (B). Some L 17 mounted on the top of the mast and is connected to the B drive energy (ne). Stretch marks Bq connected with other L Third L connect the BK with B winches (LB) installed on the rotary platform (PP). The edges of the third L installed sensors (D) lateral bending of the tape. The front and rear cross frames installed on the Central Committee and have stops (). The CC is equipped with synchronizers ne installed on PM and is supplied with D. Bq fitted with shock absorbers. On The posted by D. ne contains reducer (R) with coupling unilateral actions (MOD), a hydraulic pump, a hydraulic accumulator, a valve, connected hydrologically to the actuator LB. Ne is equipped with cargo. The supplied DV VM contains D, ne, brake-lock (TF), the clutch (MS), R, MOD, generator. The VM contains TF, ne, MS, R, MOD and electrodirt contain the position lock position sensor, rotary R engine. R made adjustable rate reduction. Increase efficiency and reliability of the hydraulic motor is controlled by regulating the position of the BC and CC on water flow and reduce shock loads when switching stroke So 6 Il. The invention relates to hydropower and can be used in hydraulic motors, which convert the energy of water flow and wave energy.The purpose of the invention is the increased efficiency and reliability of the hydraulic motor.In Fig. 1 there is shown a hydraulic motor, General view; Fig. 2 - tractor, top view; Fig. 3 - the projectile and the tractor, side view; Fig. 4 diagram of the drive mechanism of the projectile of Fig. 5 is a diagram of the winch of Fig. 6 - swivel platform, side view.Hydraulic motor contains two shells 1 and 2, recorded in the stream using the anchors 3 and 4. Tractor 5 of the shell 1 is composed of a main body 6 and the side housings 7 and 8. Tractor 9 of the shell 2 is composed of a main body 10 and the side housings 11 and 12. The outlet of the shells 1 and 2 are connected via cable 13 and associated with the consumer power cable 14. Tractors 5 and 9 are connected with the slave mechanisms 15 and more is 19 and 20. Tape 21 is fixed at one end on the tops of the masts 22 and is wound on the reel 23 24 drives energy. Marks 25 of the side housings 7, 8, 11, 12 is connected to the second end of the tape 18. Through the tapes 26 and the side wings 7, 8 and 11, 12 are connected with the energy storage winches 27 on the reel 28 which is wound the tape 26. Winch 27 is installed on the rotary platform 29. The edges of the tapes 26 are sensors 30 lateral bending of the tape. The front transverse frames 31 are installed on the Central housings 6 and 10 and have lugs 32 for out of the position of the side housings 7, 8, 11, 12, pivotally connected with the shoulders rear cross frames 33, also mounted on the Central housings 6 and 10, and having lugs 34 to the extended position of the side housings 7, 8, 11, 12. The Central buildings 6 and 10 are also synchronizers 35 and 36 of the rotary movement of the side housings and swivel platform 37 with the drive 24 energy and sensor 38 lateral bending of the tape. The side wings 7, 8 and 11, 12 have the dampers 39 and 40 located in the zone of contact with the stops 32 and 34. Stops 32 posted by sensors 41 contact with the side housings. The drive 24 energy mounted on the rotary platform 37 includes a gear 42 with the one-way clutch deistler 44, the distributor 45, connected hydrologically 46 to drive winches 27 on rotary platforms 29. On the shaft of the drum 23 is also the weight memory 24 energy reverse winder tape 21 having a lifting load 47. The lugs 34 are equipped with sensors 48 contact with the side housings 7, 8, 11, 12. The clutch mechanism 15 shells 1 and 2 contains installed on the shaft of the drum 19, the sensor 49 the length of the wound tape, the weight of the drive 50 energy reverse winder tape, brake arm 51, a sleeve 52 of the clutch, a second shaft which through the gear 53 and the clutch 54 unilateral actions associated with Makhovikov shaft 55. Additional slave mechanism 16 includes installed on the shaft of the drum 20, the brake arm 56, the weight of the drive 57 energy reverse winder belt, clutch clutch 58, a second shaft which through the gear 59 and the clutch 60 unilateral actions associated with the shaft of the motor 61. The outlet of the shells 1 and 2 are connected to a common switch 62. Winch 27 contain mounted on the shaft of the drum 28, the brake arm 63, the weight memory 64 energy reverse winder tape, the sensor 65 the length of the wound tape, the coupling 66 of the clutch, a second shaft which through the gear 67 and the clutch 68 unilateral actions associated with the shaft is, the sensor 71 position, the rotary gear 72 and the motor 73. The gears 74 all the weight of energy storage reverse winder belts are made adjustable reduction ratios, which vary according to the length of the wound portion of the tape. The sensors 30 and 38 provided with side rollers 75.The hydraulic engine works as follows.When one of the trucks 5 and 9 deployed side blocks 7, 8 or 11, 12 is drawn over, powering the generator 55 of the slave mechanism 15, another tractor with improper side blocks 11, 12, or 7, 8 return tightened the motor 61 additional slave mechanism 16, the receiving electricity by matching the cable 13 from the generator 55 other projectile. In the next cycle driven mechanisms tractors 5 and 9 change functions. In the extreme positions of the tractor 5 and 9 are spread over and winches 27 of the side housings 7, 8, 11, 12. To smooth out pulsations work alternately running generators 55, they can be executed with hydropneumatically, which has a smoothing accumulators. Storage of energy in the initial spread of the side housings 7, 8, 11, 12 is produced in the hydraulic energy storage, set the attachment of the tractor 5 and 9 from the shells 1 and 2. Drives 24 power driven reel 23, unwinding when you wrap them with tape 21. For smaller wear of the belts 21 and 26 of the winch 27 and drives 24 energy installed on rotary platforms 29 and 37, turn in the appropriate direction when the touch strips 21 and 26 of the side rollers 75 sensors 30 and 38 in lateral bending of the tape. Stabilizing the tension of the belts 17, 18, 21 and 26 at their opposite winding by descending weights 47 at different length wound part is carried out by means of the gear 74 with the reduction coefficient, variable in accordance with the readings of the sensor 65 the length of the wound tape.Driven mechanisms 15 and 16 are as follows. Before the beginning of the stroke of the tractor 5 and 9 are breeding cycle in the lateral housings 7, 8 or 11, 12. In this first release the clutch 58 clutch with a simultaneous shutdown of the engine 61 and the inclusion of winches 27, which include the coupling 66 of the clutch and start the hydraulic motors 69, resulting starts the winding of the tape 26 on the reel 28 winch 27. Thanks this is a guaranteed turn towards the side of the housings 7, 8 or 11, 12 in the case of possible nparalleled provisions Central to the no progress against the current. Using sensor 49 is determined by the time of changing the direction of movement of the Central body 6 or 10 and as soon as he carried over, begins to run from the shell 1 or 2 switches on the brake arm 51, and this Central block is held in place to turn the side of buildings in a working position. The readings of the sensors 65 is determined by the critical approach of the side housings 7, 8 or 11, 12 to the winch 27. At this point disconnects the clutch 66 of the clutch and disconnects the supply of the working fluid of high pressure on the hydraulic motor 69 winch 70. On the side of the housing 7, 8 or 11, 12 are deployed only at the expense of flow. When approaching the side of the housing to stop 34 in the pulse mode enables the brake arm 63, which results in soft braking side of the body before opisaniem their dampers 39 in the stop 34. After activation of both sensors 48 pirania damper 39 in the stop 34 or after actuation of one of them when the sensors 65, confirming a position close to a complete reversal within normative time is the release of the brake-pawl 51 and enables coupling 52 of the clutch is released the clutch 58 of the clutch and the brake is released the latch 56. Starts Stages 25 to prevent their sagging and touching the water surface is carried out by applying the weight of the drives 24, 57 and 64 energy reverse winder tapes. At the end of the stroke of the tractor 5 and 9 in accordance with the sensor 49 is enabled to brake pawl 56, and in accordance with the readings of the sensors 65 - pulse braking brakes-clamps 63. After tripping the sensors 41 pirania damper 40 in the lugs 32 is enabled to coupling 58 of coupling with subsequent gradual switching factor reduction gear 59 to the initial start-up factor, then included brake retainers 51 and 56, made as a brake arm 63 by the circuit combination of mechanical brake release shaft drum hydraulic-damping brake energy absorber. After stopping the tractor 1 or 2 with folded side blocks 7, 8 or 11, 12 disconnects the coupling 52 of the clutch, turn the motor 61 when the starting factor reduction gear 59, released the brake clamps 51 and 56, resulting starts the return movement of the tractor with a phased switching factor reduction gear 59, declines as the acceleration of the Prime mover motor 61, the mode of operation of which is controlled in accordance with the position of another tractor hydraulic motor so that podtyagivali produced faster it can be made temporarily securing the position of the tractor in the folded position with the brake pawl 56. In accordance with the working cycles of the slave mechanisms 15 and 16 of the shells 1 and 2 are switched electricity generator 55 and the motor 61 through a common switch 62 so that you can use and energy working on the inertia of the generators 55 after disabling the corresponding clutch clutch 52.The hydraulic motor includes tractors, made by a simple corpus-swivel scheme that allows the use of a hydraulic motor corps spent the courts. Solidity haulers provides the reliability and durability of the engine, its protection from floating objects.We offer hydraulic motor can be used in winter for dams with hydropower plants or artificial stirrers water on the ice-free area of the riverbed. Hydraulic motor can also be used to convert wave energy. HYDRAULIC MOTOR containing two shells, each of which contains an anchor, a driven mechanism, made in the form of a drum with the tape, with the gearbox and clutch unilateral action, and connected via the latter to the shaft of the generator additional slave mechanism, similar to the primary, is connected to a motor shaft, a switch connected to the electric generators and electric motors and power cable user, two tractor having a turntable with energy storage, the drums are connected by belts with masts shells, characterized in that to increase efficiency and reliability, every tractor made in the form of a Central body, containing front and rear transverse frames with supports additional rotary platform having an energy storage drum winches mounted on the ends of the front transverse frames, and synchronizer, and two side housings, the hinge connected to the shoulders of the rear transverse frame and fitted with shock absorbers, the latter is placed in the contact zone buildings with supports frames, with the nasal part of the side housings are connected by a tape reel winches, tape reels additional slave mechanisms equipped with stretch marks connected with side enclosures, tape reels driven mechanisms are connected to the Central housing, and a rotary platform with energy storage condition
FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.
EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for conversion of wave energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains mechanically coupled fixed post, float chambers, frame, shaft, step-up gear and electric generator. Moreover, converter additionally contains relatively interacting second shaft, first and second gears and at least two motion converters. First and second gears are fixed on corresponding shafts and engage with each other. Each motion converter has vertical rod installed for vertical vibration on upper end of which first block is installed, and on lower end, third sprocket engaging with first and second float chambers. First and second overrunning clutches with sprockets are installed on shafts and they engage through first and second chains with third sprocket.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant is designed to convert energy of waves into electric energy. Proposed device contains pontoon, anchor chain and anchor, electric generator and drive including working and support sheaves over which flexible tie with weights o each end is passed. One of weights is installed for hanging over bottom and is made in form of floating anchor and the other is made in form of counterweight. Anchor chain is provided with tie-rod. Floating anchor and counterweight are made for adjustment of their mass. Floating anchor can be made in form of hollow platform in which row of chambers is made. Each chamber is sealed and designed for accommodating and/or ground, and /or air, and/or water. Counterweight is made in form of hollow float with sealed chamber in lower part which is designed for ground, and sealed air chamber is found in its upper part. Tie-rod is installed by one end on anchor chain and by other end, on pontoon. It is made flexible and can be adjusted in length.
EFFECT: provision of operation at any depth.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power generating.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for use in vehicle power drives and for power generation. Method of conversion of energy of working medium into mechanical and electric energy is provided by multistage conversion of energy of drive engine having rotating output shaft, for instance, hydraulic turbine. Power torque is transmitted from shaft of drive engine to mechanical power consumer by means of at least two-stage conversion of mechanical energy into energy of working medium, for instance, water. Water pressure is provided by use of centrifugal hydraulic pump or radial-axial hydraulic turbine operating as a pump with provision of generation of reactive energy caused by interaction of water with blades of hydraulic turbine stage or reactive jet nozzle of stage runner, with transmission of water through fixed waterway and stage stator made in form of spiral chamber or branched manifold. Peripheral speed of stage runner with blades or reactive jet nozzles in creases torque by value of difference of radii of stage runner and drive engine wheel. Device contains drive engine with rotating shaft, for instance, hydraulic turbine, transmitting shaft, generator and at least two similar conversion stages. Shaft of hydraulic turbine is coupled with centrifugal pump impeller of first stage radially from which fixed waterways are laid to branched manifold or to spiral chamber on side surface of which radial-axial turbine runner is installed with working blades or nozzles over periphery under which drain manifold is installed. Runner of second stage hydraulic pump is rigidly installed on shaft by means of which it is connected with runner of first stage and rotor of electric generator.
EFFECT: increased torque transmitted to electric generator.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant is designed for converting energy of waves into electric energy. Proposed plant contains vertical support secured on bottom, rocking rod installed on support for rotation around axis of support, float secured on one of rod ends. Float is provided with intake bottom hole and outlet top hole, both provided with remote controlled valves, and electric generator. Upper end of support remains under water at any possible magnitudes of waves. Wave magnitude sensor is connected with remote controlled valves, float is connected to pneumatic line connected with pressure source, rocking rod is connected with pump which is connected by pipeline with accumulator of hydropotential energy on shore, electric generator is located on shore and is coupled with hydraulic turbine connected with accumulator of hydropotential energy. Plant changes to safe mode of operation owing to filling of float with water at excess of magnitudes waves determined by corresponding wave magnitude sensor.
EFFECT: provision of reliable and long operation.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: plant is designed for generating power by conversion of energy of sea waves. Proposed wave power plant is mounted on pontoon and provided in nose part with bellows with bottom from wave side and longitudinal bell with vertical tube arranged over bellows accommodating electric generator with mechanical converter, and in center of pontoon behind the bell, box-shaped vertical air duct is installed divided by vertical partition into two parts and communicating with pontoon through two check valves. Windwheel with blades is installed in cut of partition, being mechanically connected through shaft with electric generator. Bellows chamber with bottom is installed in stern part of pontoon. Holes are made in wall of pontoon between spaces of bellows and pontoon, and in wall of pontoon bottom between spaces of bellows chamber and pontoon to pass compressed air inside pontoon, and electric generators are installed.
EFFECT: provision of more complete utilization of energy of sea waves.
8 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: electric power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to electric power engineering and may be used for generation of electric power at the account of ocean tides, ocean waves, wind from the shore by integration of tide energy with hydrogen technology. Barrage for energy extraction from potential energy contained in ocean tides, consists of multiple support stands installed with the same interval from each other in the ocean along the perimeter line and attached to the sea bottom. Panels are installed one above the other and fixed between pairs of neighboring support stands. Gaps between every panel and support stands are leak-tightened. Pairs of support stands from two rows of support stands for caissons. Support panels are placed between every pair of opposite support stands from the mentioned two rows so that caisson is supported by support panels, so that they form platform between two rows for caissons. In every caisson there are turbines with facilities that provide for water passing through the turbine by operator command. Electric generators are connected to at least one turbine. Barrage has no gaps or slots. As a result the ocean is separated from the area inside the barrage, excluding time, when operator provides water passing through turbine for electric power generation. Invention works at different loads and functions as power complex with electrolyzers and fuel elements for generation of electric power by request, excluding by that impulse character of traditional tide energy. Hydrogen may be produced as target product.
EFFECT: reduces cost of works.
6 cl, 17 dwg