Wave pumped storage power plant

 

(57) Abstract:

The inventive camera with water-lifting pipe and the receiving socket is partially filled with water. The cowl is installed inclined wall with inlet check valves. Behind the camera is hydroaccumulators pool connected with the lower part of the channel. Airlifting tube with a valve connected to a water pipe. Partitions in the upper part of the chamber is attached to the inclined wall from water, with the formation of compartments. Inside the chamber opposite the channel has a console visor, the lower end of which is located at the level of the lower edge of the pipe. Inlet check valves are installed in each compartment. Valves airlifting tube is made automatically adjustable. 1 C. p. F.-ly, 5 Il.

The invention relates to a device for wave energy and can be used to store water in reservoirs or for receipt and storage of compressed air.

The purpose of the invention is to improve the efficiency of the installation, to expand the range of its application, to simplify the design.

A device that uses wave energy to lift water from a reservoir containing hydroeco the Amer provided in the lower part of the sealed vessel, and a system of intake and exhaust valves.

A distinctive feature of the proposed facility is that it is aimed at increasing the efficiency provided airlifting tube with valve. Airlifting tube connected to a water pipe and the top of the camera. To improve the reliability of airlift has several airlifting tube, which is connected to a water pipe at different levels. Moreover, the valves airlifting tube is made automatically adjustable.

The inlet device made in the form of an inclined wall of the water, with the formation of compartments to increase trapping air under the hammer. Inside the chamber opposite the outlet channel has a console visor, the lower end of which is located at the level of the lower edge of water-lifting pipe. While the inlet check valves are installed in each compartment.

These distinctive features allow to increase efficiency especially in the starting period when the accumulation of water in the pool through the gradual (optimal) increase air pressure inside the cavity of the camera as level rise water reserved in the reservoir. This is achieved by dropping the excess air pressure and the and with valve and console visor also allows you to use the unit for the production and accumulation of compressed air.

In Fig. 1 shows a pumped storage power plant of Fig. 2 - adjustable automatic valve of the air pump of Fig. 3-5 are examples of specific performance wave pumped storage power plant.

The mode of accumulation of water (see Fig. 1).

When hit hydrowalk at the expense of impact energy from the inlet channel 1, first air, and then water is forced into the internal cavity of the chamber 13. Then the compressed air expands and pushes the water from the chamber 13 at the console of the visor 10 and through the outlet channel 11 in the reserve reservoir 12. Air from the internal cavity of the chamber 13 cannot leave, as the valves of the air pump 9 is closed, and the water at the base of the water pipe and console visor 10 forms a hydraulic seal 14. There comes a time when the air pressure inside the cavity of the chamber 13 will increase so that the opening of the intake valve 5 is not. To prevent this, the valve is controlled to regulate the optimum pressure corresponding to this period the level of the water reserved in the reservoir 12. Outgoing air through airlifts 9 water pipe 8 will do the work of lifting the water through a water pipe. After the impact energy of hydrovane/P> The operation of the airlift (see Fig. 1 and 2).

The air chamber 13 presses the piston valve 3, which, rising, compresses the spring, when you see the outlet box, the air from the chamber 13 (see Fig. 1) enters the water pipe 8, overcoming the resistance of the locking of the water column, and begins to do the work of lifting the water. Due to the fact that balancing the column of water in the water pipe 8 becomes smaller than the air pressure inside the chamber 13, will automatically switch to the middle and then the bottom airlift (due to the differential volume inside the chamber 13, the air pressure is always greater than the resistance of the locking column of water in the water pipe 8).

By reducing the air pressure inside the chamber 13 below the optimal first off the top of the airlift, then the middle and then the bottom.

The opening of valve 9 and the air flow depends on the resistance of the spring, the compression of which is adjustable handle with push plate.

The mode of accumulation of compressed air

Upon impact hydrovane into the internal cavity of the chamber 13 pumps the air and then water. The air expands and pushes the water at the console of the visor 10 and further through the outlet channel 11.

Due to the fact that the bathroom si which prevents the escape of air in the atmosphere.

As you install the entire cavity of the chamber is filled with air at a pressure which is equal to the energy of the hammer. After that the installation is ready for air sampling, which is carried out through the pipe 7 in the quantity equal to the (maximum) setup performance in this period, which is directly proportional to the energy of the surge and involved the volume of the inlet 1.

The device may be performed according to the type of classic river hydroporini, which will accumulate water due to the energy of the hammer in the upper corner between the shore (high) and the dam (see Fig. 1), in the form of a mobile small-sized hydroelectric power plants to provide electricity to separate expeditions, houses or settlements (see Fig. 4), can be performed in the form of a water pumping for water supply of settlements, for example, from lake Baikal (see Fig. 3); you can use on the St. Petersburg dam to pump water from the river Neva into the Gulf of Finland and along the way to produce electricity.

The device can also be used for the construction of fountains or as a spray of sea water to produce sea salt.

1. WAVE pumped storage POWER plant, embedded therein an inclined wall with inlet check valves and behind the camera pumped storage pool, connected with the lower part by means of the channel, characterized in that, to improve efficiency, the plant is equipped with airlifting tube with a valve connected to a water pipe and the upper part of the chamber, the baffles attached to the inclined wall from water, with the formation of compartments, and installed inside the chamber opposite the channel cantilever canopy, the lower end of which is located at the level of the lower edge of water-lifting pipe, with inlet check valves are installed in each compartment.

2. Installation under item 1, characterized in that it is equipped with additional airlifting tubes with valves, the latter being automatically adjustable.

 

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FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.

EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for conversion of wave energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains mechanically coupled fixed post, float chambers, frame, shaft, step-up gear and electric generator. Moreover, converter additionally contains relatively interacting second shaft, first and second gears and at least two motion converters. First and second gears are fixed on corresponding shafts and engage with each other. Each motion converter has vertical rod installed for vertical vibration on upper end of which first block is installed, and on lower end, third sprocket engaging with first and second float chambers. First and second overrunning clutches with sprockets are installed on shafts and they engage through first and second chains with third sprocket.

EFFECT: increased efficiency.

8 cl, 7 dwg

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