Device for keeping afloat object

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the rafts. The invention consists in the fact that it contains a ring pontoon with longitudinal and transverse parts. The longitudinal part of the pontoon is formed by successive floats connected by hinges formed at the bases of the cones. The vertices of the cones are connected by springs with brackets, United castles in the form of beams connected by an integral hinge and a detachable stopper, driven flexible rods. 3 C. p. F.-ly, 10 ill.

The invention relates to a device for providing buoyancy of objects.

Known raft containing ring pontoon with longitudinal and transverse parts, additional floats installed with two sides parallel to the transverse parts of the ring pontoon.

Known for the raft provides ease of installation on it of the object and keeping it afloat, which significantly reduces the scope of its use.

The aim of the invention is to simplify installation splashimage to the surface waters of the object on the pontoon, expanding the field of use, reliability, sustainability omogo object.

The aim is achieved in that in the system to maintain afloat object containing the bearing ring pontoon with longitudinal and transverse parts, additional floats, the longitudinal part of the pontoon is made in the form of transversely spaced floats, with the inner side of the raft pontoons interconnected lever connections with quick-release latches in closed circuit form vnutrikorovogo space, and the transverse part of the pontoon flexible connections connected with extreme floats longitudinal parts of the pontoon, with the goal of seamless institutions under the ends splittage object flexible connection interlocked with additional floats diameter, significantly smaller than transversely spaced floats, and to keep splittage object from differentage tipping external flexible connection made with float diameter substantially greater than the diameters of exciting under the additional object floats; the fact that, to ensure the simultaneity of opening the latches spring-arm links floats longitudinal parts of the pontoon, the actuator clamps made in the form of a grid overlaying nutricola space in the path of movement splashimage retention elements of the pontoon in position when exposed splittage object on the pontoon, extreme floats longitudinal parts of the pontoons and floats to keep the object from the longitudinal overturning connected by ropes with loops, sliding them ballasts, threaded through the stationary ring mounted on the ends of the retaining floats with the possibility of unilateral passage of the rope through the rings; - the fact that in order to ensure the establishment of the transverse parts of the pontoon under the ends of the object by changing the configuration of the ring pontoon transversely spaced floats are interconnected so that the base of the cones or recesses in their ends pivotally connected between adjacent floats can be rotated around the hinge, and the tops of the cones or mechanical recesses adjacent floats equipped with clamping springs, held in the cocked position by the focus locked lever pairs in tips on top of the cones or mechanical recesses adjacent floats; - the fact that in order to stabilize the position of the system on the object and security institutions of the object in nutricola space system equipped with a vertical floating columns, put the lower grounds on the external dimensions splashimage object on the bottom, Oh features allows you to provide lift to the surface waters of the object installed on the pontoon and keep it from re-immersion into the depths, using for this purpose the energy of inertia of the floating object and lifting devices. New features of the declared object in a similar means to maintain facilities afloat is not found, which allows to consider the proposed solution meets the criteria of the invention.

In Fig. 1 shows the system ready for acceptance of the object of Fig. 2 - the same, after the passage of the object through nutricola space; Fig. 3 - the same, after lowering of the object on the pontoon of Fig. 4 is a view of the object on the pontoon side, shows some of the elements of Fig. 5 - the same, end view; Fig. 6 - connect adjacent floats longitudinal parts of the pontoon of Fig. 7 - spacer pair; Fig. 8 is the same, the section of the stopper in the socket; Fig. 9 is a view guineas between floats; Fig. 10 - node connections of the transverse elements.

A system to maintain afloat object contains an annular pontoon 1 (Fig. 1) with 2 longitudinal and transverse 3 parts forming nutricola space 4, an additional part 5, a flexible 6 and as napravila vertical floating column 7.

The longitudinal part 2 of the pontoon 1 (Fig. 1,2) is formed by successive floats 8 connected by hinges 9 formed in the base are connected by a spring 13 (Fig. 6), provided with the possibility of tightening the brackets 14, the United castles 15 in the form of beams 16, 18 (Fig. 7) connected by an integral hinge 18 and plug stopper 19 is driven by flexible rods 20 network 6. To fold the beams 16, 17 after ractopamine are compressed in their articulation of the spring 21. To improve the reliability of the pontoon 1 in the work of the outer pair of transverse floats 8 (Fig. 10) on the outer ends are connected by additional couplers 22.

More part 5 made in the form of transversely spaced bearing floats 23 (Fig. 1-5); under the object And the diameter of which is made smaller than the floats 8 longitudinal parts 2 and they among themselves and floats for self-regulation of the tension of the ropes are connected by genami 24 (Fig. 9,10), pinned and threaded through the bracket 25 on the shell floats 8 and 23.

To keep splittage object And carrying the floats 23 from differentage chezjane are cross-part-3 floats diameter greater than the diameter of the bearing floats 23 installed on the way of chezjane object And along the body. The floats 23 additional parts 5 with the aim of LaMontagne their connecting ends 26 with transversely spaced floats 8 longitudinal h the th 28 one-way transmission of its cargo and ballast 29. To prevent axial rotation of additional floats 23 is supplied cilium ballast 30.

To stabilize the location of the pontoon 1 is relatively splashimage object And has a vertical floating column 7, held inside the space 4 with torn popup object And links 31.

For the simultaneity of the connector blocks 19 with the corresponding slots has a flexible cable network 6, the overlapping nutricola space 4 before passing through the pop-up object A.

Installation of the object on the pontoon through the system is as follows.

In preparation for the operation of the vertical buoyant columns 7, along which to move the pop-up object, the upper ends of the wound in nutricola space pontoon 1 and razlichimie when passing object links 31 are attached to longitudinal parts 2 of the pontoon 1, after which the rods 20 to the stoppers 19 joins the network 6.

Due to occur when the surface of the object And the acceleration of the object And rises relative to the surface area to a height sufficient for the establishment of bearing the cross floats 23 under the ends of the object A. at the same time the object is t from nests the stoppers 19. Rastopyrennye beams 16, 17 under the action of springs 21 are formed, and a garter spring 13 reduce the top end 12 of the cones or spheres 11, turning them around hinges 9. The movement of the floats 8 in accordance with geometric displacement changes the configuration of the pontoon 1 so that the longitudinal part 2 from the sides, and a transverse part 3 go under the object A.

Simultaneously with the release of the object And a surface 31 that holds the vertical buoyant columns 7, torn, and lateral floats, moving to the center space 4 when changing the configuration of the pontoon 1, rest in columns 7, ensuring the correct installation of the object And on the pontoon 1. When this tensile force between the extra float and extreme lateral float 8 longitudinal part 2 on the rope 27 is weakened and ballast weight 29 by gravity pulls it through the bracket 25 with the latch 28 unilateral action. This ensures the fastening of the object in the nest of the pontoon 1 and preventing its longitudinal chezjane through bilateral stops in part 5.

Preventing re-immersion of the object after surfacing is produced by the total reserve buoyancy remaining in tanks podyemno the volumes before prototype and other means of maintaining the buoyancy of objects is: the ability of self splittage object on the pontoon; easy installation and quick delivery to the place of work; the ability to change the size and buoyancy depending on the lifted object.

All this allows you to effectively use the device, especially in unusual situations, quickly and cost-effectively.

1. DEVICE FOR KEEPING afloat OBJECT containing the annular pontoon with longitudinal and transverse elements and floats, characterized in that the longitudinal elements of the pontoon is made of transversely spaced floats, connected with hinges and lever-locking devices and tension springs, equipped with quick-release clamps, while the transverse elements are connected by lines with extreme floats longitudinal elements of the pontoon, the pontoon floats are parallel to the transverse elements of the pontoon and have a diameter less than the diameter of the transverse elements of the pontoon, are connected by cables with ballast and cargo.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the quick-release latches connected between a cable net.

3. The device under item 1, characterized in that each lever-locking device you

4. The device under item 1, characterized in that it is provided with a guide floating racks.

 

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