Vehicle

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a transport machine building. The inventive vehicle contains a source of formation of compressed air in communication with the at least one cylinder of compressed air. Last through the dispenser is in communication with the drive wheels. The dispenser is made of the crane type and is divided into two sections for the passage of hot and cold air supplied to the elements with shape memory drive wheels. The elements combine efforts on a flexible wheel drive, providing the rotation shafts of the wheels. 3 Il.

The invention relates to transport machinery, primary use on flat roads, field camps and courts.

Known vehicle containing the source for the education of compressed air in communication with the at least one cylinder of compressed air, which is managed through the dispenser associated with the drive wheel.

Known vehicle does not have sufficient environmental cleanliness and driving range.

The aim of the invention is to improve environmental performance while providing opportunities far runs, for the purposes of the objective is achieved by performing drive each wheel in the form of a conical flexible wheel with the shaft, associated with the wheel of the vehicle, and placed inside a flexible wheel rigid casters - bevel drive with the possibility of axial movement relative to the hollow flexible conical wheels and chassis in which they are placed, the placement in the housing around the flexible wheel power cameras with floaters outside and elements of the shape memory inside the camera. This dispenser is made of crane type of drive rotation of the rolling element and is divided into two sections for cold and heated air, respectively. When the heater is made in the form of a chamber with heating elements along the highway to the passage of air and hot section of the distributor associated with energy sources, and the outputs of the sections of the distributor communicates with the chambers of the drive wheels.

In the drawing, (a, b, C, d) shows the proposed vehicle (driving part).

It contains mounted on the frame of the motor-variator, in the housing 1 which has a tapered flexible wheel 2 with the shaft 3, in the flexible wheel mounted employee rigid wheel disc 4 on the coil support 5, is equipped with a handwheel 6 (or remote control gear), two pin 7 mounted on the housing isih circular the number of power cells with membranes 9, the sliders 10 and rigidly connected with them having shape memory power elements 11 installed in pneumothorax between the cover and the membrane; installed within each of the specified power memory element reference in its bottom (or membrane), the piezoelectric linear actuator 12, is fixed on the cover. Each pneumonia motor-variator is connected by pipelines AI with the cold side of the distributor 13 hot and cold air (attached to the chassis of the vehicle) also pipelines from Above with the hot (upper) side of the distributor. Cold (lower) part of the distributor pipe 14 is connected to the valve 15, which in turn is connected to the spool 16 hot air and the cylinder 17 of compressed air is attached to the chassis of the vehicle and associated with electroconvection 18 fixed on the frame of the vehicle and receiving the power supply mounted on the same frame battery 19 electricity, mounted on the frame of the power sources of different types ( solar panels, wind generators, piezoelectricity and superconducting electroactuator). Oracea (upper) part of the distributor are connected HES 22, connected to various types of energy sources (directly or through the battery), for example to a network of current (on the posts of charge), solar battery, wind power, the battery 23, the damper-piezoelectricity 24 with the piezoelectric elements 25 disposed between having a relative (vibration) of the moving parts of the vehicle, as well as the superconducting electroactuator (not illustrated). In addition, the heater includes a heat accumulator compartment 26 with heated outside motor-variator (on the vehicle or outside of it, even at the stake) environment 27 (metal, rocks, water).

The proposed vehicle operates as follows. Electric compressor 18 operates from a battery of accumulators 19 (from power on duty charging cylinder of compressed air) and recharges on the go container 17 compressed air, where compressed air at different pressures enters the tubes 14 and 20 through valve 15-16. In the pipe 20, the air is heated by the heater 21 and enters the hot side of the distributor 13. Cool the air through the pipe 14 enters the lower part of the distributor 13. When the flow of air in the pipes 14 and 20 can b the t on the specified schema hot and cold air in pnevmostartery motor-variator (cold air through the channels AI, hot - on channels Above. In diametrically opposite pnevmostartery cold or hot air is supplied at the same time.

This cycle of feeding, first cold, then hot air (or Vice versa) happens first with one pair of power cells, then with neighboring etc.

As a result of alternate extensions sliders 10 pairs of cameras flexible wheel 2 in turn is pressed against the rigid wheel 4 in different radial sections, resulting in a rigid wheel rolling flexible wheel, rotating together with the shaft 3, from which the rotation is transmitted to the wheels or propeller depending on the performance of the vehicle.

On-the-go vehicle heater and air supply can be turned off to save resource of compressed air battery of accumulators. In this work the motor-variator is provided a piezoelectric linear actuators 12 (if these drives to install between the elements 10 and 11, it is possible to more efficient operation of the motor-variator from the pressure of the compressed air, resizing elements 11 from the heating-cooling and from element 12).

In addition, the motor-variator can work and be the heated flows through pipes 14 and 20 in the distributor 13, and from it to power the camera. Because of this possessing shape memory power elements 11 report reciprocating movement of the slide plates 10 by means of the membrane 9, and therefore the above image of the flexible wheel 2 rotates with the shaft 3. (56) USSR Author's certificate N 1273268, CL 60 To 3/00, 1984.

The VEHICLE containing the source for the education of compressed air in communication with the at least one cylinder of compressed air, which is managed through the dispenser associated with the drive wheel, characterized in that, with the aim of improving environmental performance while providing opportunities far runs, drive each wheel represents accommodated in the housing on the hard, established with the possibility of axial movement of the disk hollow cone in the form of a flexible wheel having a shaft associated with a wheel of the vehicle, and placed around the circumference of the flexible wheel sliders with cameras, in which elements with shape memory, this dispenser is made of crane type of drive rotation of the rolling element and is divided into two sections for cold and heated air, respectively, and the heater is made in the camera view with the heating elementaita sections of the distributor communicates with the chambers of the drive wheels.

 

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