(57) Abstract:The invention relates to a transport machine building. The inventive vehicle contains a source of formation of compressed air in communication with the at least one cylinder of compressed air. Last through the dispenser is in communication with the drive wheels. The dispenser is made of the crane type and is divided into two sections for the passage of hot and cold air supplied to the elements with shape memory drive wheels. The elements combine efforts on a flexible wheel drive, providing the rotation shafts of the wheels. 3 Il. The invention relates to transport machinery, primary use on flat roads, field camps and courts.Known vehicle containing the source for the education of compressed air in communication with the at least one cylinder of compressed air, which is managed through the dispenser associated with the drive wheel.Known vehicle does not have sufficient environmental cleanliness and driving range.The aim of the invention is to improve environmental performance while providing opportunities far runs, for the purposes of the objective is achieved by performing drive each wheel in the form of a conical flexible wheel with the shaft, associated with the wheel of the vehicle, and placed inside a flexible wheel rigid casters - bevel drive with the possibility of axial movement relative to the hollow flexible conical wheels and chassis in which they are placed, the placement in the housing around the flexible wheel power cameras with floaters outside and elements of the shape memory inside the camera. This dispenser is made of crane type of drive rotation of the rolling element and is divided into two sections for cold and heated air, respectively. When the heater is made in the form of a chamber with heating elements along the highway to the passage of air and hot section of the distributor associated with energy sources, and the outputs of the sections of the distributor communicates with the chambers of the drive wheels.In the drawing, (a, b, C, d) shows the proposed vehicle (driving part).It contains mounted on the frame of the motor-variator, in the housing 1 which has a tapered flexible wheel 2 with the shaft 3, in the flexible wheel mounted employee rigid wheel disc 4 on the coil support 5, is equipped with a handwheel 6 (or remote control gear), two pin 7 mounted on the housing isih circular the number of power cells with membranes 9, the sliders 10 and rigidly connected with them having shape memory power elements 11 installed in pneumothorax between the cover and the membrane; installed within each of the specified power memory element reference in its bottom (or membrane), the piezoelectric linear actuator 12, is fixed on the cover. Each pneumonia motor-variator is connected by pipelines AI with the cold side of the distributor 13 hot and cold air (attached to the chassis of the vehicle) also pipelines from Above with the hot (upper) side of the distributor. Cold (lower) part of the distributor pipe 14 is connected to the valve 15, which in turn is connected to the spool 16 hot air and the cylinder 17 of compressed air is attached to the chassis of the vehicle and associated with electroconvection 18 fixed on the frame of the vehicle and receiving the power supply mounted on the same frame battery 19 electricity, mounted on the frame of the power sources of different types ( solar panels, wind generators, piezoelectricity and superconducting electroactuator). Oracea (upper) part of the distributor are connected HES 22, connected to various types of energy sources (directly or through the battery), for example to a network of current (on the posts of charge), solar battery, wind power, the battery 23, the damper-piezoelectricity 24 with the piezoelectric elements 25 disposed between having a relative (vibration) of the moving parts of the vehicle, as well as the superconducting electroactuator (not illustrated). In addition, the heater includes a heat accumulator compartment 26 with heated outside motor-variator (on the vehicle or outside of it, even at the stake) environment 27 (metal, rocks, water).The proposed vehicle operates as follows. Electric compressor 18 operates from a battery of accumulators 19 (from power on duty charging cylinder of compressed air) and recharges on the go container 17 compressed air, where compressed air at different pressures enters the tubes 14 and 20 through valve 15-16. In the pipe 20, the air is heated by the heater 21 and enters the hot side of the distributor 13. Cool the air through the pipe 14 enters the lower part of the distributor 13. When the flow of air in the pipes 14 and 20 can b the t on the specified schema hot and cold air in pnevmostartery motor-variator (cold air through the channels AI, hot - on channels Above. In diametrically opposite pnevmostartery cold or hot air is supplied at the same time.This cycle of feeding, first cold, then hot air (or Vice versa) happens first with one pair of power cells, then with neighboring etc.As a result of alternate extensions sliders 10 pairs of cameras flexible wheel 2 in turn is pressed against the rigid wheel 4 in different radial sections, resulting in a rigid wheel rolling flexible wheel, rotating together with the shaft 3, from which the rotation is transmitted to the wheels or propeller depending on the performance of the vehicle.On-the-go vehicle heater and air supply can be turned off to save resource of compressed air battery of accumulators. In this work the motor-variator is provided a piezoelectric linear actuators 12 (if these drives to install between the elements 10 and 11, it is possible to more efficient operation of the motor-variator from the pressure of the compressed air, resizing elements 11 from the heating-cooling and from element 12).In addition, the motor-variator can work and be the heated flows through pipes 14 and 20 in the distributor 13, and from it to power the camera. Because of this possessing shape memory power elements 11 report reciprocating movement of the slide plates 10 by means of the membrane 9, and therefore the above image of the flexible wheel 2 rotates with the shaft 3. (56) USSR Author's certificate N 1273268, CL 60 To 3/00, 1984. The VEHICLE containing the source for the education of compressed air in communication with the at least one cylinder of compressed air, which is managed through the dispenser associated with the drive wheel, characterized in that, with the aim of improving environmental performance while providing opportunities far runs, drive each wheel represents accommodated in the housing on the hard, established with the possibility of axial movement of the disk hollow cone in the form of a flexible wheel having a shaft associated with a wheel of the vehicle, and placed around the circumference of the flexible wheel sliders with cameras, in which elements with shape memory, this dispenser is made of crane type of drive rotation of the rolling element and is divided into two sections for cold and heated air, respectively, and the heater is made in the camera view with the heating elementaita sections of the distributor communicates with the chambers of the drive wheels.
FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.
SUBSTANCE: proposed tricycle has three-bearing chassis with steerable front support. Body 9 is provided with rear end face door 18 on which engine 7 is mounted. Door 18 has fin 19 which accommodates air intake 20 and exhaust pipe 21. Rear surface of door 18 is made tilted, forming acute angle β with vertical to provide lifting of rear part of tricycle in case of running-on from rear. Each support can be made up of several wheels arranged in tandem. Wheels of front and rear supports adjoin outer side of body for arrangement of longitudinal bench-seat 17 in body 9.
EFFECT: reduced load on front wheels, improved stability at turning and braking.
7 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport mechanical engineering; the methods and the devices of production of the directional mechanical oscillations, of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement, of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction.
SUBSTANCE: the group of the inventions is pertaining to the field of transport mechanical engineering and may be used for production and transfer of the mechanical oscillations and for movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction. The method of production of the directional mechanical oscillations provides for running around by the rotating inertial element of the elliptical running track with contraction of this element to it. The movement of the inertial element on the elliptical running track is exercised in respect to the axis superimposed with one of the focal points of the elliptical trajectory chosen as the main focal point. The used inertial element is balanced. The method of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement provides for interaction among themselves of two masses of the system, one of which is the inertial mass rotating about its axis and simultaneously is moving in respect to the other mass along the elliptical trajectory with its resilient contraction to the running track of the ellipse providing the system with the directional mechanical oscillations. The used system is unbalanced with the center of masses coinciding in the static condition with the center of gravity of this system and with one of the ellipse focal points. The movement of the system is exercised by the successive step relocations in the moments of the impulse action of the inertial forces along the long axis of the ellipse of the maximal value disturbing force directed from the main focus point in the movement direction. The method of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction provides for utilization for production of the tractive effort of the propeller generating impulses of the inertial forces. The device for production the directional mechanical oscillations contains: the body with the running track of the elliptical form, the inertial element capable of running around the elliptical running track and rotation about its axis, the driving mechanism. The propeller of the transport vehicle contains: the device for production of the directional mechanical oscillations coupled by the driving mechanism with the propeller. The device and the propeller are rigidly arranged on the common frame, which is made with a capability to be arranged on the base of the transport vehicle. The transport power plant contains the engine and the propeller connected by the driving mechanism and arranged on the common frame made with the capability of interaction with the base of the transport vehicle. The technical result of the invention is the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.
29 cl, 35 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.
SUBSTANCE: each of three supports of tricycle consists of two wheels arranged in tandem. Rear wheels 12, 13 and side wheels 14, 15 are axially paired. Engine 4 with coaxially connected generator-starter 5 are arranged longitudinally in pylon 3, their bodies being parts of load-bearing structure of pylon. Body 1 is provided with rear end face 16 rigidly connected with longitudinal beam 17 arranged in guide rollers 28-30. Steering gear of front wheels 6, 7 has turnable posts 8, 9 rigidly coupled with half-forks. Place of coupling of turnable posts 8, 9 with half-forks is located between hinge joints of posts 8, 9. Windows of body are round, with twin contacting glasses provided with similar holes which can be aligned at rotation of glasses.
EFFECT: provision of uniform distribution of load among wheels to increase cross-country capacity and stability at braking.
4 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: motor-car contains body, three-wheel running gear with independent torsion-bar wheel suspensions and hydraulic shock-absorbers, engine with clutch coupling located in rear part of body, inertia propulsion device, control linkages. Inertia propulsion device contains casing in which following units are located: inertia propulsion device for forward motion, inertia propulsion device for backward motion and striker clutch. The striker clutch connects shaft of inertia propulsion device with inertia mechanism of forward or backward motion. Inertia mechanisms are similar in their design. Each one of them contains shaft on which yoke is fixed with four gears with balance weights. Balance weights are mounted on axes and engage with fixed gear attached to front or rear cover. Both inertia mechanisms are turned in horizontal plane relative to each other fro 180 degrees, and in each yoke each subsequent balance weight of gears is shifted relative to previous balance weight for 90 degrees.
EFFECT: design simplification and motor-car technical characteristics improvement.
SUBSTANCE: transport vehicle includes body (2) and base (1), wheels (7) fixed in base (1). Pulse propeller is installed in base (1) and consists of elastic power element (5) and impeller (4) with alternate eccentricity, which actuates engine (3). Base (1) rests on wheels (7) with the help of Z-shaped supports (8) with elastic elements that work for twisting. Drive to wheels (7) is realised via Z-shaped gear from engine (3). Elastic power element (5) may be arranged in the form of movable plate spring fixed at an angle to base (1) on guides (6), with the possibility of its complete drawing inside body (2). Elastic power element (5) is able to rotate relative to base (1).
EFFECT: lower dynamic loads in jump and possibility to use any engine with rotary output shaft for drive of pulse and wheel propellers.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: automotive industry.
SUBSTANCE: proposed truck tractor comprises a frame, front and rear axles with suspensions supporting the cab, engine and clutch coupled with gearbox, transfer box coupled with front and rear axles and control mechanisms. Two centrifugal identical-design inertial thrust boosters are additionally arranged behind the cab on the frame, one for forward and one for back run. Each booster represents several hollow square- or circular-section rings arranged horizontally, coaxially and in symmetry to each other. Lengthwise axes of said rings are perpendicular to the vehicle frame. One half of every ring is expanded on both end faces so that inner cross section of expanded semi-rings some times larger than that of non expanded semi-rings. Inner space of every ring is filled with mercury or fluid with high specific weight. Rings expanded parts in forward run booster are directed towards frame rear, while those of back run booster are directed towards the frame front. Expanded part of every ring accommodates separate pump to pump over said mercury or fluid. Forward run booster pump are fitted on one vertical shaft furnished with overrunning coupling. Coupling casing accommodates spur gear in mesh with that mounted on overrunning coupling of opposite rotation. First vertical shaft supports bevel gear in mesh with that fitted on horizontal shaft coupled, via gimbal joint, with transfer box pto-shaft.
EFFECT: increased cross-country capacity.
SUBSTANCE: proposed transport facility consists of body with lengthwise seat and moving lengthwise beam, aligned power plant with engine arranged on door. Lengthwise beam is rigidly coupled with face door. Power plant is mounted along facility lengthwise axis. Generator is arranged in body. Generator hollow shaft is provided with inner splines. Elongated engine shaft extension is arranged inside generator shaft and engaged therewith by coupling.
EFFECT: improved operating performances.
4 cl, 3 dwg