The composition for the fatliquoring of leather
(57) Abstract:The inventive composition for the fatliquoring of leather contains, by weight. % synthetic grease 10 - 40, emulsifier 30 - 40, the fraction of distillate production of bitumen viscosity at 50C for 30 - 50. The chemical composition of the fractions comprises a light aromatics 15,4 or 34.7 wt. % and the average aromatics 12,2 - to 16.8 wt. % . table 2. The invention relates to the leather industry, in particular compositions for the fatliquoring of leather.Known composition for the fatliquoring of leather, containing, by weight. % :
(oxidized methyl esters) 40-60
Emulsifier (leather pasta) 25-35
Mineral oil (spun) 15-25
The disadvantage of this composition is the relatively low quality of the fatliquoring of leather.The closest in composition and effect is achieved is a composition containing, by weight. % : 10-40 synthetic based grease Emulsifier 30-40
(oxidized petroleum oil) 30-50
This part of technological and allows the creasing of the skin. However, when using this composition are observed on the skin of dark spots, stains, furthermore, in the wastewater contains up to 1.4 wt. body fat%.The task, which is directed to the processing of leather and the quality of these skins.Technical result achieved when using this recipe: lack of grease in the wastewater; no dark spots on gerousia the surface of the skin; the possibility of partial recycling of waste bitumen production.This technical result is achieved by the proposed qualitative and quantitative formulation of the composition, wt. % : 10-40 synthetic based grease Emulsifier 30-40 Mineral oil 30-50 - fraction of distillate production of bitumen with a viscosity of
V50- 5,1-15,6 mm2/s, having in its composition, wt. % :
hydrocarbons with 1,49 < pD20< 1,53 15,4-34,7
The average aromatic
hydrocarbons with 1,53 < pD20< 1,59 12,2-16,8
A distinctive feature of the proposed structure is the content as mineral oil fractions of distillation bitumen production with V50- 5,1-15,6 mm2/s in the chemical composition of which includes the light aromatics - 15,4 of 34.6 wt. % average aromatics - 12,2-to 16.8 wt. % .As a source of raw material was taken distillation bitumen production from the Ukhta refinery. This distillate was subjected to: dehydration; fractionation on the AVE with the conclusion of the faction required wascott the specifications specifications are given in table. 1.To obtain a composition for the fatliquoring of leather were used as initial components:
synthetic fat GOST 11010-84
ethoxylated lard GOST 1045-73
leather emulsifying paste GOST 5344-82
sulfonated oils THAT 6-10-14-63-79
fraction distillation bitumen production.Compositions for the fatliquoring of leather were prepared by mixing the components with their subsequent fusion at a temperature of 60-65aboutC for 5-7 minutes For the cooked part of the emulsifier at a temperature of 70aboutTo add 3-fold (calculated on the weight of the composition) of water.the pH of the emulsion 7,5-8,0 regulate the addition of an aqueous ammonia solution.The creasing of the skin was carried out as follows.Leather, chrome for Shoe uppers, obtained by standard methods, it is greased proposed by the composition of the spent dye bath for skin black and pure water for lighter tones. The prepared composition is poured through the hollow shaft into the drum at one time. Liquid ratio is 1.2 to 1.5; temperature 60-65aboutWith, the processing time 60-90 min Flow rate of 6,0-7,0% by weight of shaved leather, considering the 100% fat.Skin clean skin and applying heat air at a temperature of 60-65aboutC for 20-30 minutes Then through the hollow shaft of the drum fill prepared as described above, feeding the composition to a temperature of 60-65aboutWith in two doses with an interval of 15-20 minutes Total processing time of 2.5 hours, the Flow rate of 20-22% by weight of shaved leather, considering the 100% fat.P R I m e R 1. Boxcalf leather for Shoe upper, received from the party hides rawhide on a standard methodology, zerouali the following composition, wt. % : Synthetic fat 40
Ethoxylated lard 30 Fraction distillation bitumen production (sample 1) 30
P R I m m e R 2. Boxcalf leather for Shoe upper, received from the party hides steer by standard methods, was jiroveci as in example 1 with the following composition, wt. % : Synthetic fat 25 Leather emulsifying paste 35
Fraction distillation bitumen production (sample 2) 40
P R I m e R 3. Skin clean skin for Shoe uppers, obtained by standard methods from the skins of byczyna, zerouali the following composition, wt. % : Synthetic fat 10 Sulfonated oils 40 Fraction distillation bitumen production (sample 3) 50
The properties of the skin treated with the proposed composition is shown in table. 2. (56) USSR Author's certificate N 777064, CL C 14 C 9/02, 1980.USSR author's certificate N 1266862, class C otlichayushiesya fact, he as mineral oil contains a fraction of distillate production of bitumen viscosity of 5.1 - 15,6 mm2/g at 50oWith the chemical composition of which includes a light aromatics 15,4 or 34.7 wt. % and the average aromatics 12,2 - to 16.8 wt. per cent , in the following ratio, wt. % :
Synthetic grease 10 - 40
Emulsifier 30 - 40
Fraction distillation bitumen production 30 - 50
FIELD: tannery or furry production.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of tannery or furry production and may be used for a piece by piece treatment of a tanning, furry semi-finished product with emulsions of "water in oil" type. The device for impregnation of sheets contains a mounted on the frame bath with a working compound, in which a corrugated roller is dipped, and also a feeding and auxiliary conveyers and a smoothing roller, a supporting means with a resilient counterbody, an actuator, a tool for removal of a finished semi-product, a device for creation of a hydrodynamic wedge and a pinch roller for engagement of the ribbed roller with the feeding conveyor. The problem of the presented invention is - development of the device simple in its servicing with a high reliability allowing to realize the process of impregnation more efficiently with a possibility of its installation in an automatic production line.
EFFECT: the invention presents a device simple in its servicing, having a high reliability, more efficient realization of the process of impregnation, a possibility of its usage in an automatic production line.
FIELD: chemical technology.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to greasing and emulsifying substances used in fur, leather and other branches of industry. Invention describes a method for deep sulfonation of oxidized vegetable oils, fats and their mixtures, and oxidized mixtures with the nominal viscosity value in the range 33-75 by viscosimeter VZ-4 at 20°C in their treatment with sodium sulfite. The process is carried out in system consisting of oxidized component or mixture of oxidized components, sodium sulfite, water and soap additives, carboxylic acid, phenol and copper (II) salt as a catalyst in bead mill of vertical type at temperature of environment up to practically complete ceasing or quantitative consumption of sodium sulfite and charge of the latter is calculated by the following formula: mNA2SO3 = 0.006 x mOX x (I.N.)OX wherein mOX and (I.N.)OX mean mass and iodine number of oxidized component or mixture of oxidized components, respectively. The mass ratio of oxidized component and water varies in the range from 1:4 to 1:2.5. Dosing additives with respect to oxidized component are following: soap, 2%; carboxylic acid, 4%; phenol, 2.5%. Oxidized flax, sunflower, soybean and cotton oils, oxidized fish oil and mixtures of vegetable oils with fish oil or pig fat are subjected for sulfonation reaction with air in regimen of intensive bubble bubbling at 105 ± 5°. Soaps in indicated system are represented by sodium stearate and sodium oleate and by reaction mixtures of practically quantitative alkaline hydrolysis of fats and vegetable oils also. Benzoic, oxalic, malonic and citric acids are used as acid, and sulfate, acetate and other water-soluble salts of copper (II) are sued as a catalyst dosed in the amount (2-7.5) x 10-4 mole/kg of the parent charge. The sulfonation reaction degree is 33-40%.
EFFECT: improved preparing method.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 16 ex
FIELD: tanning industry.
SUBSTANCE: process is conducted in vertical mill to which soot, induline, kerosene and diesel fuel are introduced. Then components are mixed and slow heating the apparatus and its content is started after which mixing is switched off and slow heating of mill content is continued. Upon expiration of said time, acids or their compositions, white spirit and fatty additive are introduced and chemical mass-exchange process is performed at spontaneously fixed temperature due to thermal effects of this process and natural cooling at the beginning and at the end, as well as due to forced cooling at intermediate stage characterized by high rates of temperature at maximum of 140-150°C. At the moment when forced cooling is discontinued, 0.5-1.5 h before discontinuation of mixing and beginning of withdrawal at temperature of 80-115°C, 43-52-% solution of aluminum salts and C10-C20 of carboxylic acids is introduced into product being prepared.
EFFECT: facilitated procedure; increased amount of product.
1 tbl, 15 ex
FIELD: leather industry.
SUBSTANCE: preparation of composition is conducted on vertical-type bead mill. Induline, kerosene, and diesel fuel are consecutively charged into mill before stirring mechanism is energized, after which apparatus and contents thereof are slowly heated. Stirring is then stopped for 1 h while slow heating of mill contents is continued. When specified time expires, carboxylic acid or acid mixture, white spirit, fat additive, and aluminum oxide or hydroxide are added. Mechanic stirring is then switched on and contents of the bead mill are ground and the process is carried out at spontaneously fixed temperature caused by heat effects of the processes and natural cooling. When temperature is lowered to 85-120°C, desired product is discharged.
EFFECT: simplified process and increased product discharge degree.
1 tbl, 19 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: oil, fat or polymer is applied on leather in amount of less that 20%, preferably, less than 15%, particularly preferably less than 10%, per leather weight. Then leather is treated by compressed air. Carbon dioxide is used as compressed air, treatment if carried out at pressure below 70 bar and temperature below 25°C. Leather is processed by compressed air unless leather weight is at least 1% smaller than its weight prior to applying oil, fat or polymer.
EFFECT: improved leather structure due to increased non-blocking property of molecules.
SUBSTANCE: method involves chrome tanning and post-tanning a semi-finished product through chrome tanning in the presence of a product of reaction of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane and glycidylmethacrylate in molar ratio of 1:2 and consumption of the chrome tanning agent and reaction product of 3-4% and 2-3% of the weight of the semi-finished product respectively. Neutralisation and hydrophobisation with a polymer tanning agent are then carried out for 30-40 minutes with consumption of the tanning agent equal to 8-10% of the weight of the semi-finished product. After that dyeing is carried out in the presence of a synthetic tanning agent in amount of 3-4% of the weight of the semi-finished product. Post-tanning is carried out with a plant-material tanning agent and the semi-finished product is also treated for 20-30 minutes with a product of reacting hexamethylenediamine with phosphoric acid and urea in the presence of glycerin in molar ratio of 1:3:3:0.5 respectively, in amount of 3-4% of the weight of the semi-finished product and for 20-30 minutes with organic acid in amount of 0.5-1.0% of the weight of the semi-finished product. Further, the semi-finished product undergoes greasing and re-treated for 40-50 minutes with a product of reacting hexamethylenediamine with phosphoric acid and urea in the presence of glycerin in molar ratio of 1:3:3:0.5 and consumption of 7-8% of the weight of the semi-finished product, volume ratio of 0.8-1.0 and temperature of 20-22°C. Hydrophobisation with a polymer tanning agent, dyeing in the presence of a synthetic tanning agent, post-tanning with a plant-material tanning agent, further treatment with a product of reacting hexamethylenediamine with phoshoric acid and urea in the presence of glycerin in the said molar ratio and with organic acid is carried out in one bath. Separation and drying are carried out after all operations.
EFFECT: higher water-, fungus- and heat-resistance of leather under high moisture and temperature conditions, and wide range of special types of leather.
2 cl, 3 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves tanning a semi-finished product with a chrome tanning agent, neutralisation, washing, dyeing and tanning with organic tanning agents twice. The first tanning is carried out with a polymeric tanning agent, while the second is carried out with a mixture of synthetic and vegetable tanning agents. Hydrophobicising greasing, treatment with an organic acid and re-tanning with a chrome tanning agent are then carried out. Additional washing is carried out before neutralisation. Dyeing is carried out after the second tanning. Neutralisation, tanning twice and dyeing are carried out at water-to-goods ratio of 0.5-0.7. Hydrophobicising greasing is carried out in the presence of a 20% solution of the product of reacting amino alcohol with fatty acids of vegetable oils of the C12-C22 fraction and boric acid in molar ratio of 2:1:1 in mineral oil in amount of 0.5-1.5% of the weight of the semi-finished product.
EFFECT: good hygienic properties of hydrophobic leather and prolonged fungus resistance of the leather in high humidity and temperature conditions.
2 tbl, 5 ex
FIELD: leather industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to leather industry in production of leather of various assortment, in particular, to methods of drumming leather in presence of fungicide, and can be used in skin processing for improving operational properties. Method of drumming leather is implemented with drumming composition in presence of an effective antifungal inhibitor, the latter is represented by 6.0 % solution of N1-chloro-methylbenzimidazole fungicide. Fungicide is dissolved in ethyl alcohol taken in the amount of 0.2-0.5 % of squeezed leather weight at the drumming composition consumption of 20-22 % of the squeezed leather weight in terms of 100 % fat. Drumming time is 1.5-2.5 hours at the temperature of 70-80 °C.
EFFECT: proposed method of drumming leather provides effective antifungal inhibition at high quality of finished skin.
1 cl, 2 tbl, 3 ex