Marine power plant guseva
(57) Abstract:Use: hydropower, in particular the conversion of sea wave energy into electrical energy. The inventive system includes a made in the coastal strip pool with a high level of water formed by the casing-plotino.th with the inlet plate valve , side by watertight bulkheads and outlet flow channel with turbo-generator , while the inlet valve is mounted above the housing and is attached via a hinge, the plate valve is made with a negative or positive buoyancy, and the hinge is located on the upper edge of the plate or the bottom , respectively, with the exit of the exhaust flow passage is made in the form of a G-shaped vertically positioned pipe with the exhaust valve on the end. 1 ID
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: power station comprises underwater wave-receiving blade mounted for permitting rocking around the axle, hydraulic pump, and fluid-operated motor provided with electric generator. The wave-receiving blade is provided with the hydraulic accumulator built in its intermediate section and drain tank. The hydraulic pump is provided with the diaphragm and has two ways. The flexible diaphragms are arranged from the outsides of the wave-receiving blade.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method and device "wave turbine USTJUG" are designed for converting energy of sea waves into mechanical energy rotating the turbine. Turbine is arranged in deep still layers of water, and float holding turbinerotating shaft but not taking part in its rotation is located on water surface tasking part in wave motion. Displacements of float are transmitted through rotating shaft by means of rigid longitudinal tie with turbine, thus setting turbine into rotation. Owing to flexibility of blades, turbine moves always in one direction. Chords of blades at rest are located in plane of turbine rotation, and in active state, blades flex like wing of bird or tail of fish at stroke cross to direction of motion. Gripping of blade and power action from float to blade is provided according to rule U=0.29 in direction cross to plane of blade motion. Blades are arranged in pairs symmetrically relative to rotating shaft on crossmember to form separate element of turbine with torques of same signs for both blades number. Of such elements arranged along turbine rotating shaft determines power of turbine rising in proportion of number of turbine elements whose relative arrangement in angle of plane of rotation and element-to-element distance of rotating shaft is determined to provide maximum efficiency of elements in operation.
EFFECT: effective conversion of wave energy and reliability in operation.
FIELD: marine engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed to transform energy of wave, particularly, energy of shop oscillations into hydroreactive energy. Proposed auxiliary hydroreactive device contains water guide in form of chambers arranged symmetrically relative to its longitudinal axis with water intake holes and curvilinear walls horizontal in cross section of chambers, forming nozzles narrowing in direction of flow with output holes perpendicular to longitudinal axis of water guide. Device contains one central chamber, two outer chambers and at least two inner chambers. Inlet water intake holes of outer chambers are arranged horizontally and are pointed opposite to each other. Inlet water intake holes of inner chambers are arranged at angle to longitudinal axis and they form obtuse angle with inlet water intake holes of outer chambers in vertical longitudinal section. Inlet water intake hole of central chamber is arranged vertically perpendicularly to longitudinal axis of water guide. Vertical walls of chamber are formed by flat plates to from rectangular cross section of chamber of water guide. Outer horizontal wall of outer chamber is made of flat plate, and horizontal curvilinear walls of inner chamber are common, one with outer chamber, and the other, with central chamber, being made of smoothly curved plates with section convex relative to longitudinal axis of water guide, and concave relative to longitudinal section of water guide from side of outlet hole of nozzle.
EFFECT: increased efficiency when converting wave energy into hydroreactive energy.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: wave engine relates to renewable power sources, in particular, wave power and to conversion of the latter into electrical power. The aforesaid engine incorporates kinematically linked pantones, an output shaft, a step-up gear, an electric generator, the first power converter, the second and third power converters interacting with the said first converter, the output shaft and with each other. The first power converter contains kinematically linked the first and second shafts, the first, second and third gears, the first and second sprockets fitted on free-wheel clutches, a chain, the first, second and third cables, anchors and a weight. The first, second and third gears, as well as the first and second sprockets are fitted on appropriate shafts. The first end of the chain interacting with the said sprockets on the said free-wheel clutch is connected, via the third cable, with the weight, while its second end being connected with the third anchor. The first pantone is anchored to the sea floor by means of the first cable and three anchors.
EFFECT: higher power and efficiency.
7 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: device incorporates water duct arranged in the ship bow bulb housing appliance of converting mechanical energy in hydraulic-jet power representing a set of chambers arranged one above the other in the said water duct lengthwise section and in symmetry with the said duct lengthwise axis. Every chamber incorporates an inlet water-intake hole, the chamber walls forming the nozzles narrowing streamwise and furnished with outlet holes. The proposed device incorporates one central chamber, two external upper and lower chambers and, at least, two internal upper and lower chambers the water duct chamber side walls are formed by the bulb lateral walls. The water duct chamber upper and lower walls represent lengthwise-curvilinear and horizontal-section plates. The central chamber inlet accommodates two concave curvilinear plates arranged in symmetry with the water duct lengthwise axis. The inlet of every internal chamber houses a curvilinear plate concave relative to the water duct lengthwise axis.
EFFECT: conversion of ship heaving and pitching energy into hydraulic-jet power, ship stabilisation in storm.
FIELD: motors and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for wave energy conversion including vessels swinging energy to hydrojet energy. Device includes water conduit in the shape of chambers (C), which are symmetrical with regard to longitudinal axis of device. Chambers are provided with water intake inlets (I) and curvilinear walls, which are horizontal in cross-section. Walls constrict to nozzles with outlets I. Device includes one central C, two external C and no less than two internal chambers C. All chambers C are rectangular in cross-section. Vertical walls of chambers C are formed by flat horizontal plates (P). Horizontal in cross section C walls C are formed by curvilinear in longitudinal section plates P. Inlets I of external chambers C are located along horizontal walls of rectangular plates P forming vertical walls C. They are directed opposite to each other. Inlets I of internal chambers C are situated at an angle to water conduit longitudinal axis and form obtuse angle together with inlets I of external chambers C in vertical longitudinal cross section. The inlet I of the central C is situated vertically and perpendicular to longitudinal axis and along vertical walls of plant rectangular plates P forming vertical walls of water conduit. The external wall of the external chamber C is made concave with regard to longitudinal axis of water conduit. Curvilinear walls of internal chambers C, which are common with external chamber C consist of smoothly bent plates P with convex section regarding longitudinal section from the side of inlet I and with convex section regarding outlet nozzle I. Two concave curvilinear plates are installed at the inlet part of the central chamber and are symmetrical with regard to longitudinal axis. Curvilinear plate P, which is convex regarding longitudinal axis, is installed at the inlet part of each internal chamber.
EFFECT: improvement of wave energy conversion into hydrojet thrust energy.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: engineering industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to wave energy conversion devices and is meant for converting ship's vibration energy into hydrojet energy. Device includes a water conduit provided in bow bulb of the ship. Therein arranged is device meant for conversion of mechanical energy into hydrojet one. That device is made in the form of chambers. Chambers are located one above the other in a vertical longitudinal plane of water conduit section and symmetrically relative to its longitudinal axis. Each chamber is provided with an inlet water-intake opening. Walls of chambers form nozzles with outlet openings, which narrow in the flow direction. Hydrojet energy of water jet at the ship's going ahead can compensate some part of lost speed. In order to stabilise ship's position at strong side wind, on each side wall of bulb on its external side there provided is a vertical chamber with an inlet opening from the side of bulb front. Nozzles provided in the flow direction forward the outgoing flow to the sides from external side wall of the bulb, thus creating jet reaction in the direction opposite to direction of ship's transfer. After each vertical chamber in side wall of the bulb there provided are outlet openings of water conduit.
EFFECT: converting ship's vibration energy into hydrojet energy.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to devices for transformation of waves energy, in particular, for transformation of vessel vibration energy into hydrojet energy. Hydrojet device comprises channel-tube system, lateral right 1 and left 2 walls of device. System consists of fixed straight and profiled plates. It contains the first and second stages of energy transformation. The first stage of energy transformation includes wall 3 of central pipeline 4, wall 5 of internal channel-pipeline, internal channel - pipeline 6, external wall 7 of external channel-pipeline 8. The second stage of transformation includes wall 9 of central pipeline 10, wall 11 of internal channel-pipeline 12, internal channel- pipeline 12 and external wall 13 of external channel-pipeline 14. Central channels 4 and 10 are arranged with inlets 15. Also cutoff plates 16 are installed in channels.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to use all energy of waves, independently on angle of flow striking at device along its longitudinal axis, which results in higher efficiency of device application during transformation of waves energy into hydrojet energy and stabilisation of vessel position.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention makes it possible to use water energy for creation of motive force for longitudinal motion of vehicle, where device is installed, during vertical motion of vehicle in water. Auxiliary hydrojet device for underwater vehicles comprises at least two water conduits installed with the possibility of rotation symmetrically in vertical plane relative to longitudinal axis of underwater vehicle. Every water conduit is arranged in the form of nozzles that narrow along with flow direction with outlet openings and inlet water intake openings installed at the angle to longitudinal axis. Vertical walls of water conduit are formed with flat plates. Nozzles are arranged as located between vertical walls of water conduit with curvilinear walls that are horizontal in cross section of nozzles to form rectangular cross section of nozzles. Horizontal curvilinear walls of nozzles are made of plated with smoothly bent section, which is convex relative to longitudinal axis of underwater vehicle and is located near inlet water intake opening. Between smoothly bent sections of adjacent horizontal curvilinear walls at inlet to nozzles, there are plates installed as bent in longitudinal direction, concave relative to longitudinal axis of underwater vehicle and horizontal in cross section that guide the flow.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of water flow energy use, while underwater vehicle with hydrojet devices moves in it.
SUBSTANCE: proposed invention can be used to maintain and repair submerged communication cable main lines and carry out research in sea and ocean areas. Proposed device comprises drowning self-contained apparatus with electric power supplies and motors. Aforesaid apparatus is connected by cable-rope with floating wave source of electric power via damping unit including spiral spring and a section of said cable-rope that forms a loop. Said wave electric power source is connected in parallel to storage batteries and motor and represents an anchored sea wave power converter furnished with anchor made up of plat circle with braces.
EFFECT: increased independency of submarine navigation.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydroelectric station includes energy converter consisting of chain of hydraulic turbines. Hydraulic turbine is built on hollow carrying shaft-cylinder with conical fairings on bases inscribed into inner ends of blades-semicylinders whose outer ends are clamped together in several places over length of hydraulic turbine by narrow rings-hoops and form multiblade cylinder with hollow belts with ballast on end faces providing neutral buoyancy of hydraulic turbine. Adjustable ballast in hollow part of carrying shaft-cylinder provides variable buoyancy of hydraulic turbine to submerge hydraulic turbine in water completely at neutral buoyancy or rising to surface. Energy converter is connected with electric generators arranged on the bank through system transmitting rotation and arranged in bank cavities. Rotation transmitting system employs different modes of transmission of rotation and connection and movable power unit with travel motion mechanism by means of which it displaces inside cavity. Movable power unit is connected with energy converter and, moving vertically, can set power converter at required depth.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed power generator contains turbine installed in turbine housing for turning around vertical axis. Turbine is connected with support column resting by lower section for turning against lower section of turning housing which is in meshing with upper section of inner wall of turbine housing through great number of turnable members. Thanks to it turbine can be selectively turned in turbine housing by means of turnable members.
EFFECT: provision of effective operation at both directions of water current.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: support system intended for, at least, one underwater turbine plant incorporates turbine units made up of turbine assemblies 3 and load-bearing column 1 coming vertically from underwater and seated on the seabed. The system includes a load-bearing structure for, at least, one turbine assembly mounted on column 1 and turning around it, and an appliance allowing selective motion of the load-bearing structure relative to column 1. Column 1 length section, top section 8, wherein the turbine assembly move, consists of two separate sections 9, 10 facing each other and separated by a certain distance between them to make lengthwise gap 11 between the said sections 9 and 10. Sections 9, 10 have a D-shape and form a cross-section of column 1 in the form of a complete ellipse or an oval. Bottom section 12 of column 1 features a round cross-section.
EFFECT: higher reliability of the support system allowing the turbine repair and lower costs.
22 cl, 27 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device for anchoring floating structures incorporates mooring bar with ends furnished with the appliance to turn the aforesaid rod about its axis of rotation. At that the rod free end is provided with a sleeve letting the chains or cable to pass there through. The anchor chain passed through one of the aforesaid sleeves is fastened at one end faces of the said floating structure. Besides that, to up the structure stability, the proposed device can be furnished with links connecting the free ends of both mooring rods to the structure in question.
EFFECT: anchoring system causing no floating structure trim difference and providing for stable positioning with minor drift, reduced distance between anchor and floating structure.
11 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: proposed power generation plant exploits the power of sea wave and tides. The plant comprises a hollow cylindrical housing with its bottom open. It communicates with seawater and is anchored to sea bottom. The said housing features a narrowing forming a smaller cylinder. The casing is attached to the aforesaid cylinder. The aforesaid casing houses an impeller driven by air sucked in/out from the housing inner space via air ducts formed by the aforesaid casing and non-return valves mounted inside the upper small cylinder, the air force being directly dependent upon the water level caused by the running wave.
EFFECT: simple low-cost high-efficiency power generation unit to be mounted at whatever sea- or-ocean coast line.
4 cl, 22 dwg
SUBSTANCE: turbine plant driven by water to produced power from the water flow column comprises a rectangular deck with streamline cross section furnished with a lower and upper surfaces incorporating front and tail edges relative to the water flow direction at least one turbine and a turbine assembly going up from the deck upper surface and deck support. The said support stays permanently on the water column bottom so that the deck, when installed onto the aforesaid support, the vertical space between the deck power surface and water bottom, and includes an appliance to move the deck relative to the support elements for the deck to move from operating into uplifted position whereat every turbine assembly is accessible on water column surface.
EFFECT: production of bearing structures to support hydraulic turbines.
10 cl, 26 dwg