The sizing for yarn containing synthetic filament
(57) Abstract:Usage: in the textile industry to improve the ability of the yarn, especially from hlopkopryadeniya threads for processing on prescrotal machines. The inventive lubricant contains, wt%: ethoxylated stearic acid with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 6 (stearic-6) 1-3. a mixture of (acidication)mathematicianlame of benzosulfimide. containing alkyl 16-18 atoms C. (Alcamo OS-2) is 0.1 to 0.8, polietilenglikolya esters of isononylphenol medium oksietilirovannye 12 (nonop AF 9-12) 0.1 to 0.4, dibutylphtalate 0.1 to 0.8 and mineral oil to 100 Samelevel reduces the number of defective due to corrosion bushings per 1000 spindles per hour with 59-109 10-15; reduce puhelimella for 25 min 11.7-22.0 4.9-7.2 mg and reduce the number of breakages hlopkovolokna yarn with 25 - 67% polyester fiber and a density of 50 Tex. 2 up to 15.4 Tex 2 (per 1000 spindles per hour) 20 33 16 19 1 tap
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of manufacturing sewing threads, in particular to treating sewing threads with composition to impart sweet-smelling properties, and can be used at thread enterprises manufacturing synthetic and cotton threads, which can be used for sewing clothes. Composition contains, wt %: paraffin 25-55, stearin 18-32, low-molecular weight methylvinylsiloxane rubber 20-33, bee wax 3-6, triethanolamine 3.5-4.9, and aromatizer 0.05-0,5.
EFFECT: improved consumer properties of product.
4 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textile industry, in particular lubrication of wood, wood fiber or mixtures thereof with synthetic fibers.
SUBSTANCE: claimed oil-based agent contains oleic acid and triethanolamine. As oily base transformer oil is used. Compositions may also contain one or two antistatics, emulsifier and doping agent. Moreover composition additionally contains 0.1 % ampicillin aqueous solution in ethanol in amount of 0.001 % (based on composition mass).
EFFECT: agent of improved physical and chemical characteristics, decreased foaming and delaminating, decreased corrosive activity and biological affect; reduced antistatic and emulsifier consumption.
4 cl, 4 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: production of protecting and corrosion-resistant materials by impregnating fibrous base with antiseptic and corrosion-resistant compounds.
SUBSTANCE: material is made in the form of low-twist yarn of flat section from bast-fiber or mixed filaments having linear density of 1,500-3,500 tex and twist rate of 20-50 per 1 m. Yarn is reinforced with high-strength thread consisting of synthetic filaments having linear density of 60-120 tex or bast-fiber filaments having linear density of 200-600 tex. Rupture load of reinforcing thread is 30-60% of rupture load of yarn. Material is also impregnated with compound including 12-28 wt% of liquid non-volatile or low-volatile low-viscosity petroleum products used as filler, 0.2-1.5 wt% of product of reaction of aromatic hydrocarbons with isobutylene as antiseptic.
EFFECT: increased workability and covering capacity, high fungi-resistance and strength, in particular, on usage of jute filament and Capron thread, and impregnation compound based on transformer oil and antiseptic.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cordage protected from action of external medium. Proposed method of treatment includes application of treatment compound with gradually winding off cordage article submerged in said compound and pulling article through compound at speed providing required preset depth of impregnation. Then cordage article is passed through draw plate and squeezed out. Squeezed out article is wound on drum. Temperature of treatment compound is maintained at level of 70-75°. Compound contains paraffin. Use is made of degreased paraffin into which mineral oil is additionally introduced at the following ratio of components, mass %: degreased paraffin 85-90; mineral oil 15-10. Device is furnished with means for application of treatment compound made in from of cylindrical channel. Said channel is arranged coaxially to cylinder with heat carrier furnished with heat sensor and connected with reservoir for heating of heat carrier. Cylindrical channel for application of treatment compound is connected at one side with reservoir with heated treatment compound, and at other side it is furnished with draw arranged at outlet end of cylindrical channel. Device proper is furnished with winding off and winding on drums.
EFFECT: provision of cordage impregnated with treatment compound through entire thickness of article.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textile fabrics, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to treatment of cordage used in industrial fishing. Article is submerged into composition for treatment and pulled through it. Composition contains latex BSM-65 of A or B brand, wax emulsion VE-40, water and dye, if required. Then article is preliminarily dried at 40±5°C, the first stage of drying is carried out at 60±10°C for 16-18 minutes. The second stage is realised at 80±10°C for 16-18 minutes and thermally treated at 130±10°C for 1.5-3.5 minutes.
EFFECT: production of flexible, plastic and brightly coloured articles.
3 cl, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the area of chemical technology of textile fiber materials and refers to the method of treatment of synthetic fiber materials in order to increase their hygienicity. Synthetic fiber materials are exposed to water solution of complex cation of chrome benzoate (III) or water solution of complex cation of aluminum benzoate or water solution of complex cation of copper benzoate (II) with concentration 0.1-0.5 mol/l for 1.5 hours at the temperature 98-100°C, hydromodule 50. Then it is washed twice with the cold water and is dried.
EFFECT: improved hygienic properties of synthetic fibers and materials.
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: emulsion of superabsorbent of water-in-oil type is applied to the yarn. Oil is a continuous oil phase and contains saturated hydrocarbons. And at least 70 wt % hydrocarbons contain 20 to 32 carbon atoms.
EFFECT: invention provides for the prevention or reduction of sedimentation of superabsorbent or oil on the guide rollers in the process of applying superabsorbent emulsion of water-in-oil type to the yarn.
6 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing includes the stage 1 of preliminary oxidation of a cystine linkage (-S-S- linkage), existing in an epidermis cell of the fibre of animal origin, the stage 2 of oxidation of the preliminary oxidised -S-S- linkage with ozone for transformation of the -S-S- linkage into at least the condition of double, triple or quarternary oxidation; and the stage 3 of restoration splitting of the -S-S linkage. At the stage 2 ozone is supplied in the form of microbubbles into an aqueous solution containing an anion surfactant containing a C8-24 alkyl group, and the fibre is put in contact with ozone.
EFFECT: efficient manufacturing of a fibre of animal origin for a short period of time, which has superb resistance to subsidence, with low extent of felting when washed in a water system.
6 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method is characterised by applying on the surface of the complex aramid thread of the processing composition comprising mineral heat resistant odorless oil with a flash point not less than 180°C; a mixture of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol as emulsifier, alkylpolyoxyethylene phosphate an antistatic agent and a preservative to protection from biological damage with the following ratio of components, wt %: heat-resistant oil - 45-60, a mixture of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol - 20-30, alkylpolyoxyethylene phosphate - 19.93-24.9, preservative 0.07-0.1. The ratio of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol in the mixture is 4:1. The derivatives of isatiozolones and oxalidines are used as preservative.
EFFECT: increase in electrical conductivity properties, protection against biological damage while maintaining high physical and mechanical properties of aramid threads and exclusion of irritating odor.
4 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the use of particles consisting of a core and a shell for coating the thread or textile material with them, to restrain or prevent wicking of water into the said thread or textile material. The particles are described, consisting of a core and a shell, for restraining or preventing the wicking of water into the thread or textile material, where the said particles have an average diameter of 10-300 nm and a mean-square deviation σ which is at least 10% of the average value, in which the shell of the particle consisting of a core and a shell comprises a copolymer of a vinyl aromatic monomer and a maleimide monomer with a glass transition temperature Tg of from 120 to 220°C. Also the thread or the textile material is described, containing aramid threads provided with a finish preparation containing diglyceride or triglyceride obtained from glycerol which is esterified with saturated or unsaturated fatty acids containing 6-20 carbon atoms, where the finished thread or textile material is provided with the above mentioned particles.
EFFECT: prevention of wicking of water in the textile material.
12 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex