Switch the shower installation
(57) Abstract:The inventive mixing chamber in the housing with two inlet channels and outlet pipe of the larger diameter of the conical seat In the chamber is connected with the rod shut-off body in the form of a truncated cone Tube is made on the case from the side of the smaller diameter seat and placed the rod. On the free end of the rod is made of the screen. In the bottom of the mixing chamber is made a hole, United bypass channel with the pipe. The camera is placed with overlapping holes additional stop valve connected to the handle. In the wall of the chamber is made between one of the input channels of the channel, the outlet of which is placed on the wall under the Highlander conical valve body when in contact with the saddle. The density of the material of the locking member equal to the density of water is 1 Il.
FIELD: technical means of water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a water-mixing tap with contactless remote control and is pertinent to the technical means of water supply. The water-mixing tap with contactless remote control contains a body with a chamber for mixing of water and the tap-changer, feeding pipes, a discharge pipe with an outlet nozzle and an inlet-outlet head, an autonomous control-and- measuring block electrically connected with a source and a receiver of optical rays and with electromagnetic valves of water delivery. The outlet nozzle is made in the form of a centrifugal spraying injector forming a cone of finely dispersed uniformly sprayed water. The discharge pipe is made with a capability to accommodate a fiber-optical transducer with an external modulation, an outlet optical butt of which is placed in the inlet-outlet head of the discharge pipe and the opposite butt of the transducer is optically connected to the source and the receiver of the optical emission located in the autonomous control and measuring block electrically connected with the electromagnetic valves of water feeding. At that the electrical circuit of the block is made on the basis of the integrating circuit of accumulation of the signals of the measuring information. The technical result is a decrease of consumption of water and thermal energy used for its heating up, provision of the switch-on state of the tap only by availability of an object of treatment within the zone of control and at achievement of a combination of contactless of on-off turnings of the water feeding with electric passivity of the tap, its stability against action of electromagnetic interferences and origination of the false on /off switching, protection of sensing optical elements of the contactless drive of the tap against actions of vandals (versions).
EFFECT: the invention ensures a decrease of consumption of water and thermal energy used in the process, provision of the switch-on state of the tap just by availability of an object of treatment in the zone of control, protection against different types of interferences.
FIELD: sanitary facilities.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed to control water tap by pressing on pedal in public service and industry. Proposed device contains pedal and water tap body with shutoff member. Shutoff member of tap and pedal are furnished with bellows, or diaphragm, or plunger chambers. Said chambers are filled with liquid and are interconnected by flexible pipeline.
EFFECT: improved reliability of device, reduced cost of manufacture.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heating systems; liquid heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: under-ceiling non-evaporating widening tank of heating system has solid casing in form of a canister with level-metering pipe, widening space communicating with heating system and air space separated hermetically from widening space by soft membrane. Air space communicates with environmental air. Membrane is made inform of air bag. Neck of bag is withdrawn out of neck of casing and is connected hermetically with the neck. Plug provided with air hole is tightly inserted into neck of casing. Plug is fastened by screwed cap provided with air hole which is not aligned with hole in plug. Method of detecting of slow leaking of water from heating system is based upon the fact that temperature graph of the system is built in summer without heating. For the purpose values of water level in level-metering pipe of the tank at steady temperature are put along abscissa and values room temperature are put along ordinate; received calibrated curve is subject to calibration. The graph is taken as averaged temperature calibration graph and steady values of outside temperature are drawn above corresponding values of level. When taking subsequent measurements, the averaged temperature is determined again and if the value of level get lower it is assumed that water loss takes place because of leakage or evaporation of water caused by disturbance in leak-proofness of the air bag.
EFFECT: simplified design of tank; better degree of protection of membrane.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: domestic plumbing installations, methods for disinfection thereof, particularly for large reservoirs.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying disinfectant on installation surface and flushing installation with fresh water after disinfection operation finishing. Disinfection is performed by aerosol treatment carried out by accelerating anolyte particles up to speed of not less than 100 m/c. Anolyte with active chlorine concentration of not less than 100 mg/dm3 taken in amount of not less than 200 ml per 1 m2 of installation surface area is used as the disinfectant. Anolyte is used as aerosol with dispersity up to 100 microns and residence time of disinfectant on installation surfaces is not less than 30 min at positive temperature. Anolyte is sprayed by nozzle, centrifugal aerosol generator or high-pressure pump.
EFFECT: increased disinfection quality along with keeping ecological rules related to installation treatment and staff safety, increased depth of disinfectant penetration in installation surface and prevention of installation damage.
4 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: water facilities, particularly water delivery devices.
SUBSTANCE: delivery device in accordance with the first embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, flexible pipeline, filtered liquid outlet, shuttle valve arranged inside the body, executive tool mechanically connected to shuttle valve and providing switching from unfiltered liquid distribution to filtered liquid distribution from delivery device, as well as filter arranged in the body. Device in accordance with the second embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, flexible pipeline, filtered liquid outlet, unfiltered liquid outlet and shuttle valve arranged inside the body. The shuttle valve provides choice of liquid flow through filtered liquid outlet or unfiltered liquid outlet. Delivery device also has executive tool mechanically connected to the shuttle valve and providing switching from unfiltered liquid distribution to filtered liquid distribution from delivery device. Arranged in the body is filter. Device in accordance with the third embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, filtered liquid outlet, unfiltered liquid outlet and one shuttle valve arranged inside the body. The shuttle valve provides choice of liquid flow through filtered liquid outlet or unfiltered liquid outlet. Delivery device also has the first executive tool mechanically connected to the shuttle valve and the second executive tool mechanically linked with the valve. Device includes filter arranged in the body.
EFFECT: possibility to create water facilities adapted to be used in living or office spaces to selective serve filtered or unfiltered water to consumer, reduced occupied space when used with water tap connected to conventional water basin.
32 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: water supply, particularly sanitary repair-and-operational means thereof.
SUBSTANCE: leakage elimination method involves removing valve from threaded seat made in tap body; replacing sealing packing; securing guiding pipe in above seat of tap body; installing metal-cutting tool inside the guiding pipe, wherein metal-cutting tool is spindle having cylindrical part, metal-cutting head to remove defective metal layer from annular shoulder end, end part, along with movable limiter, which prevents axial movement of spindle and shank providing connection with drive means; removing defective metal layers so that newly formed end surface of annular shoulder brought into contact with sealing packing of shutoff valve is oriented transversely to inner cylindrical surface of guiding pipe; separating the guiding pipe from above tap body seat; connecting the valve to the tap; pressing sealing packing to end of annular shoulder enclosing water inlet orifice. Device for leakage elimination comprises tap body with threaded seat for valve connection and with annular shoulder enclosing water inlet orifice. Tap body also has water outlet channel. Threaded tap body seat is coaxial to annular shoulder. Guiding pipe is temporary secured to tap body seat having flat outer end surface transversal to inner cylindrical surface thereof. Spindle is arranged inside the guiding pipe and may perform predetermined axial movement and reversible rotation. Cylindrical surfaces of spindle and guiding pipe brought into contact are coaxial to threaded seat and annular shoulder. Metal-cutting head diameter exceeds outer diameter of annular shoulder. End surface of metal-cutting surface extends transversely to cylindrical spindle part.
EFFECT: increased quality of acting water tap usage and repair, elimination of water leakage and increased service life of the tap.
9 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly adapted for domestic or public use, as well as for railroad transport, production departments and service rooms as well as for hospitals.
SUBSTANCE: water is supplied through head having rod-provided reciprocal valve mechanism, body and return spring installed in inner cavity coaxially to the body, wherein the spring cooperates with water dose. Method involves lifting the rod, opening orifice providing water discharge during valve opening; accumulating water dose in the head; lowering the rod; closing orifice adapted for water discharge during valve closing and blocking water dose discharge. Constant magnet field is created inside the head with the use of annular magnet along with silver ionization, magnetization and charging of each water dose. The rod is produced of magnetic material including silver or silver coating. The rod may cooperate with conical normally partly compressed spring. Each water dose inside the head is magnetized and electrically charged by applying constant magnetic and alternate current fields thereto.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities and increased operational reliability.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly water supply systems, namely mixing taps.
SUBSTANCE: mixer comprises tank formed as a fixture connected to horizontal part of drainage pipe. The tank comprises body with seat. The mixer also has drainage system formed as isolated air cavity, which communicates upper part of tank interior with ambient space surrounding water flow at tank outlet area. The mixer is provided with valve having head, which has positive floatability in summary with the valve. The mixer has vessel made as horizontal connection pipe adapted to connect horizontal drainage pipe part with the tank. Connection pipe interior communicates with tank interior. Lower end thereof is located above contact area between the valve and the tank body seat. Upper part of connection pipe interior does not project over upper tank body edge. Cross-section of connection pipe interior is not less than that of drainage tank orifice. Connection pipe length is selected to provide summary volume of water accumulated inside the tank and inside the connection pipe, which is 1.5-2 times as much as that of water accumulated in the tank.
EFFECT: improved service performance and reduced water consumption.
3 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water.
SUBSTANCE: method involves using water tap with valve heads, discharge jet and nozzle connected to outlet end of discharge jet. The nozzle includes removable cylindrical body of non-magnetic material, namely bronze or brass, and disc with through orifices coaxially fixedly secured to lower body part. Hollow magnetic bush is arranged on the disc so that the bush is coaxial to the body. Conical spiral normally released spring is inserted in the bush and cooperates with water. The spring is made of silver or magnetic material covered with silver.
EFFECT: simplified structure, extended field of application, increased uniformity of water supply and enhanced water cleaning.
FIELD: water supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: hydrant comprises housing with inlet passage and at least one outlet passage, valving member mounted in the outlet passage and provided with the through passage, and rod for control of the valving member outside of the housing. The valving member is made of a rotation body. The hydrant is additionally provided with the normally closed valve. The inlet passage is inclined to at least one outlet passages in the housing at an angle greater than 0° and smaller than 180°. The through passage in the valving member is curved. The valving member is provided with at least one additional through passage for permitting coincidence of its inlet port with the inlet passage of the housing and its outlet port with at least one output passage of the housing. One part of the cut-off control member of the valve is set into the through passage of the housing, and the other part is set in the outlet passage of the housing.
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.
6 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: control valve has steam box with a lid.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
SUBSTANCE: valve has seat and member for control of flow rate. The valving member is interposed between the seat and the member and is provided with curved side.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: check valve has housing with rigid sealing sections, rotatable valving member, and seat. The rigid sealing sections of the housing are made of double-sided ring conical projections arranged over periphery. The small bases of cones point in opposite directions. The valving member is made of a round flexible disk. The flexible disk is made of the periphery and central parts. The periphery part is made of a ring. The longitudinal section of the ring is a rectangular triangle whose hypotenuse faces the center. The central part is made of ball segment. The segment of the ball is reinforced from the side of its base by round metallic plate. The periphery part is connected with the central cross-piece. The thickness of the cross-piece decreases from its axis of symmetry to the edge. The inner side of the housing is provided with a bore. The seat is stepwise and has diffuser at the inlet.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
FIELD: heat supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: radiator valve has valve with a seat which forms an opening closed with the valving member which abuts against the seat in the closed position along the closing line which consists of sections which form closed broken line and has at least one radial section projecting from the larger radius toward the center of the opening. The outer edge of the closing line are provided with hollows which form a free space in the closed position of the valving member.
EFFECT: enhanced flow rate through the valve.
10 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: valve (10) comprises housing (12) with closed space (18). The housing is provided with outlet passages (20) for supplying fluid into closed space (18), outlet passage (22) for fluid in the top part of closed space (18), and seat (24). Seat (24) closes outlet passage (22). Valving unit (30) is mounted in closed space (18) and has member (32) of the first stage and member (34) of the second stage. The members are made for permitting coaxial movement inside housing (12). The bottom end of member (32) of the first stage is provided with elongated slot-like inlet port. The top end is provided with outlet port (36) which is in communication with the inlet port. Member (32) is made for permitting axial movement between the first and second positions. In the first position outlet port (36) is disengaged from outlet passage (22). Member (34) of the second stage is made of a float. The float is provided with a flexible strip made of closing diaphragm (66). One end of the diaphragm is secured to top wall (62) of the float. Closing diaphragm (66) faces the outlet port of member (32) of the first stage. Member (34) of the second stage is made for permitting movement between the first and second positions. In the first position closing diaphragm tightly closes the inlet port. In the second position the closing diaphragm gradually opens it. There is at least one fastening member (42). The fastening member passes between member (32) of the first stage and member (34) of the second stage. The displacement of member (34) of the second stage to the second position causes forced displacement of member (32) of the first stage to its second position. Projections (46) of fastening members (42) made of lags of member (32) of the first stage are set in slots (70) of member (34) of the second stage for sliding. Projections (72) of the member of the second stage are set for sliding in slots of member (32) of the first stage.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability and expended functional capabilities of the valve.
FIELD: transport mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: hydraulic vehicle comprises at lest one hydraulic pump (10) which is actuated by engine, one hydraulic motor for actuating wheel (31), hydraulic circuit (50) for connecting hydraulic pump (10) with hydraulic motor (30), and valve (60) for control of flow. The input shaft of hydraulic pump (10) is directly connected with the crankshaft of the engine. Valve (60) returns oil, which is supplied from hydraulic pump (10) to valve (60), to hydraulic pump (10) in the first position. In the second position, valve (60) supplies oil, which is supplied from hydraulic pump (10) to the valve, to hydraulic motor (30). In the third position, valve (60) supplies oil, which is supplied from hydraulic motor (10) to the valve, to the drain branch pipe of hydraulic motor (3).
EFFECT: simplified design and reduced weight.
1 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: arrangements for cutting-off.
SUBSTANCE: valve has housing. The housing receives heat-reflecting member which moves between the first and second position. In the first position, the heat-reflecting member overlaps open sealing surface of the soft seal. In the second position, the heat-reflecting member does not close the open sealing surface of the soft seal and allows the open sealing surface of the soft seal to be in a gas-tight contact with the sealing surface of the closure member pressed to it. The heat-reflecting member has internal cooling circuit and made of a ring. The ring is mounted for rotation around the axis of rotation between the first and second position. The axis of rotation of the heat-reflecting member is parallel to the central axis and at a distance from the seat side.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency at high temperatures.