(57) Abstract:Usage: as a heat exchanger periodic actions designed to cool the object in the vacuum of the invention: in the gap between the cooled base 1 and the radiator 2 is posted appopriately element 4, made in the form of ferromagnetic granular mass To move the heat transfer element 4 from the base 1 to the radiator 2 is used or one electromagnet located in thermal contact with the heat sink 2, or two of the electromagnet 9, 3. coaxially mounted on the base 1 and the radiator 2 and being with them in thermal contact. The device includes a radiator in the form of an electromagnet and its supply channels communicated with a source of cooling medium, execution of the cooled surface with ribs or microprojectile, and an electromagnet in the form of plates with periodic inclusions. 6 self crystals, 4 Il.
FIELD: cooling equipment, particularly heat exchange apparatuses.
SUBSTANCE: device to remove heat from heat-generation component includes coolant stored in liquid coolant storage part, heat absorbing part including at least one the first microchannel and installed near heat-generation component. Heat absorbing part communicates with storage part. Liquid coolant partly fills microchannel due to surface tension force and evaporates into above microchannel with gaseous coolant generation during absorbing heat from heat generation component. Device has coolant condensing part including at least one the second microchannel connected to above coolant storage part separately from the first microchannel, gaseous coolant movement part located near heat-absorbing part and condensing part and used for gaseous coolant movement from the first microchannel to the second one. Device has case in which at least heat-absorbing part is placed and heat-insulation part adjoining heat absorbing part to prevent heat absorbed by above part from migration to another device parts.
EFFECT: reduced size, increased refrigeration capacity, prevention of gravity and equipment position influence on device operation.
22 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: heat and mass transfer processes, namely operation of evaporation- condensation systems.
SUBSTANCE: method for pumping heat transfer agent through duct having cavity and two openings, from first opening to second one comprises steps of filling cavity with heat transfer agent from first opening and displacing heat transfer agent from cavity to second opening through capillary partition mounted in duct in front of cavity and closing duct. Displacement is realized through second capillary partition mounted in duct in front of second opening and closing duct. During displacement, process preventing transfer of heat agent back from cavity to first opening is realized due to formation in capillary micro-ducts of first capillary partition inclusions consisting of gas and(or) vapor. It is possible to realize during filling stage, process preventing transfer of heat agent back to cavity from side of second opening due to formation in capillary micro-ducts of second capillary partition inclusions consisting of gas and(or) vapor. Method for pumping heat transfer agent through duct comprises steps of realizing repeated processes of liquid transfer in predetermined direction through duct from one end of duct to other end of duct due to inlet pressure exceeding outlet pressure and realizing repeated processes preventing heat agent transfer in direction opposite to preset direction when outlet pressure exceeds inlet pressure through capillary partition mounted in duct and closing it. Process preventing transfer of heat agent in direction opposite to preset direction when output pressure exceeds inlet pressure is realized due to formation in micro-ducts of capillary partition inclusions consisting of gas and(or) vapor. Capillary micro-ducts may have portions with cross size lowered in direction opposite relative to predetermined direction of pumping heat transfer agent through duct.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of evaporation-condensation apparatus operating due to pumping heat transfer agent at arbitrary spatial arrangement of members of apparatus having no movable mechanical parts and operating without action of mass forces, improved reliability of pumping heat transfer agent through duct.
13 cl, 24 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heat pipe comprises vertical housing with evaporation and condensation zones and partially filled with heat-transfer agent and coaxial hollow insert in the evaporation zone which defines a ring space with the housing and is provided with outer fining. An additional hollow cylindrical insert of variable radius made of a non-heat-conducting material is interposed between the condensation zone and coaxial hollow insert. The outer side of the additional insert and inner side of the housing of the heat pipe define a closed space.
EFFECT: reduced metal consumption.
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heat exchanger comprises housing separated into chambers of evaporation and condensation with a baffle provided with heat pipes which are arranged in both of the chambers. The zones of evaporation of the pipes are positioned inside the evaporation chamber, and zones of the condensation of the pipes are positioned inside the condensation chamber. The heat pipes inside the evaporation chamber are made of wound pipes of oval cross-section. The zones of condensation of heat pipes are also made of wound pipes of oval cross-section .
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
1 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: heating engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heat pipe can be used for heat transmission and temperature control procedures. Heat pipe has evaporator provided with capillary-porous nozzle and capacitor. Evaporator and nozzle are connected by vapor line and condensate pipeline. Nozzle is made of electric-insulating material, for example, of ceramics. Grid-shaped electrode is mounted at the inner side of nozzle. The electrode is connected with rod electrode, which is mounted inside airtight isolator at edge part of evaporator.
EFFECT: improved heat power; prolonged length of heat pipe.
FIELD: heat-power engineering; utilization of low-potential heat, heat of soil inclusive.
SUBSTANCE: proposed thermosiphon includes heat pump with thermosiphon containing working medium capable of changing its liquid state to gaseous state and vice versa; it includes evaporation and condensation parts; thermosiphon is provided with hermetic thermal tube whose working medium is capable of changing its liquid state to gaseous state and vice versa; it also has evaporation and condensation parts; condensation part of thermal tube bounds cavity of heat pump evaporator together with outer housing, cover and lower platform; said cavity is provided with branch pipes for delivery of liquid phase of heat pump working medium and discharge of gaseous phase of heat pump working medium in such way that condensation part of thermal tube forms inner housing of heat pump evaporator; mounted in between of outer and inner housings of heat pump evaporator is intermediate housing which is provided with holes in lower part for passage of liquid or gaseous phase of heat pump working medium circulating inside its evaporator; tubes-nozzles mounted between inner and intermediate housings are directed vertically upward for admitting liquid phase of heat pump working medium under pressure; heat pump evaporator has inner surfaces. Besides that, outer, inner and intermediate housings of heat pump evaporator are taper in shape and are so located that have common vertical axis of symmetry; inner surfaces of heat pump evaporator and inner housing are finned.
EFFECT: considerable reduction of thermal head between soil and working medium in heat pump evaporator; reduced overall dimensions; possibility of utilization of energy of compressed liquid fed from heat pump condenser to evaporator.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: spacecraft temperature control systems.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes measurement of temperature in areas of radiation surfaces of temperature control system, comparison of these temperatures with upper and low limiting magnitudes and delivery of heat to radiation surface when temperatures are below low magnitudes. Flight intervals at power requirement exceeding power generated by primary onboard power sources are determined. Amount of electric power consumed for temperature control of radiation surfaces is determined at the same intervals. Flight intervals for maximum possible accumulation of thermal energy on radiation surface in said zones within permissible temperatures are also determined. Expenses for radiation surface temperature control is taken into account. Before beginning of flight intervals at consumed electric power exceeding electric power generated by onboard power sources, heat is delivered to radiation surface zones which require consumption of power for their temperature control at these intervals. Delivery of heat is performed with upper limiting magnitudes of temperatures taken into account.
EFFECT: reduced loading of spacecraft power supply system due to reduced power requirement for radiation surface temperature control at retained preset temperature ranges on these surfaces.
FIELD: heat transfer equipment, particularly to carry heat for long distances, for instance refrigerators.
SUBSTANCE: heat-exchanging system comprises closed loop including main heat-exchanging channel, heat carrier agent pumping device, additional heat-exchanging channel and heat-carrier supply channel connecting the main and additional heat-exchanging channels. Heat carrier agent pumping device may withdraw heat carrier agent in vapor or vapor-and-liquid state from one heat-exchanging channel and supply above vapor or vapor-and-liquid heat carrier agent under elevated pressure into another heat-exchanging channel. Heat carrier agent supply channel is formed as channel with capillary partition closing the channel. During heat-exchanging system operation the capillary partition obstructs vapor penetration or vapor-and-liquid flow. The vapor penetration obstruction is defined by cooperation between meniscuses and inner surfaces of capillary channels formed in the partition. The vapor-and-liquid flow obstruction is defined by bubble meniscuses cooperation with inner surfaces of capillary channels of the partition. The heat carrier agent pumping device may withdraw vapor or vapor-and-liquid heat carrier agent from any heat-exchanging channel and pump above heat carrier agent under elevated pressure in another heat-exchanging channel.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of heat-exchanging system.
14 dwg, 18 cl
FIELD: applicable for heat abstraction in various media.
SUBSTANCE: the heat transferring device has a sealed pipe with condensation and evaporation zones filled up with a heat-transfer agent with pockets provided on the inner surface, the pockets used for inhibition of draining condensate are located in the evaporation zone and made annular or formed by the sections of the helical surface adjoining the pipe inner wall with its lower edge at an acute angle, which are separated from one another by radial partitions, the annular pocket is formed by the side surface of the truncated cone, adjoining the inner wall of the mentioned pipe with the larger base. Besides, at least some of the pockets located one above other are positioned at such a distance that a capillary effect occurs between the surfaces facing one the other.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of heat transfer due to the increase of the pipe surface wettable by the heat-transfer agent, as well as simplified structure an facilitated actuation of the device.
3 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: chemical and oil industry.
SUBSTANCE: reactor comprises housing, means for supplying initial components and discharging finished product, unit for heating and cooling made of a number of heat pipes, additional catalyzer applied on the heat pipes and/or housing and made of a coating. The heat pipes are staggered in the space of the housing. The total area of the surface of the heat pipes in the catalytic zone should provide heating and cooling the catalytic zone.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: heat exchange.
SUBSTANCE: cylindrical cooler comprises solid radiator made of an alloy with shape memory effect. The radiator is shaped into a cylinder. The cylinder is preliminary rolled with respect to the axis of rotation in the thermoplastic region by an angle close to the limit one. At a critical temperature, the cylinder is unrolled. The cylindrical shape of the radiator is recovered under the action of thermoelastic force. When the temperature of the cylinder exceeds the critical temperature, the cylinder cools and absorbs the excess of heat.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: plated element for heat exchanger includes core material and one or more layers of side material laminated on one of its sides or both of its sides. Multiple small grooves (B) which are periodic and arc-shaped in longitudinal direction of side material are formed on surface of side material (A). Grooves are spread to external peripheral edge of side material and have curvature radius of 800-1500 mm and period (D) of 1-8 mm in the above direction. Roughness of surface of side material (A) comprises 1-15 mcm as per the average at 10 roughness points (Rz). Side material is made by cutting the ingot into material of the specified thickness and alignment in horizontal position with longitudinal direction of the cut material. Centre of rotating disc device corresponds to ingot centre as to width. Occurrence of bad adhesion between material of core and side material is prevented due to controlling the state of surface and flatness of side material.
EFFECT: improving corrosion resistance of plated element and increasing the heat exchanger obtaining process efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl, 14 ex
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: sectional heating radiator includes supply and discharge aluminium headers for heat carrier passage and aluminium tubular sections as heat sinks; the new feature is that external and internal surfaces of heat sinks, as well as internal surfaces of supply and discharge headers are provided with coating from aluminium oxide, which is applied by plasma chemical method; at that, coating thickness of external surfaces of heat sinks is 5…10 mcm, and that of internal surfaces of headers is 20…100 mcm.
EFFECT: increasing radiation coefficient, which allows reducing the surface area of radiators, reducing the number of sections or heat carrier flow rate, reducing corrosion and erosion wear and improving ornamentality without any additional coating.
FIELD: metallurgy industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a brazing sheet of a laminated aluminium alloy and can be used in the manufacture of heat exchangers. The brazing sheet of the laminated aluminium alloy consisting of the material of the base layer, which on one or both sides has an intermediate layer composed of Al-Si brazing solder located between the base layer and a thin coating layer over the intermediate layer. And the material of the base layer and the coating layer has a higher melting point than the Al-Si brazing solder. The coating layer comprises, in weight %: Bi 0.01-1.00, Mg ≤ 0.05, Mn ≤ 1.0, Cu ≤ 1.2, Fe ≤ 1.0, Si ≤ 4.0, Ti ≤ 0.1, Zn ≤ 6, Sn ≤ 0.1, In ≤ 0.1, unavoidable impurities ≤0.05, Al - the rest.
EFFECT: brazing sheet can be soldered in an inert or reducing atmosphere without the need to use the flux that provides the strength of the brazed joint.
24 cl, 1 tbl, 7 ex
SUBSTANCE: multi-layer sheet for flux-free high temperature brazing comprises an aluminium alloy core coated with intermediate layer of aluminium alloy, and solder of aluminium alloy applied on the intermediate layer. The core is made of 3XXX aluminium alloy containing, wt %: Mn<2.0, Cu≤1.2, Fe≤1.0, Si≤1.0, Ti≤0.2, Mg≤2.5, Zr, Cr, V and/or Sc in total ≤0.2, the rest is Al and unavoidable impurities. The intermediate layer is made of aluminium alloy containing, wt %: Mg 0.2-2.5, Mn <2.0, Cu≤1.2, Fe≤1.0, Si≤1.0, Ti≤0.2, Zn≤6, Sn≤0.1, In≤0.1, Zr, Cr, V and/or Sc in total ≤0.2, the rest is Al and unavoidable impurities. The solder is made of an aluminium alloy containing, wt %: Si 5-14, Mg<0.02, Bi 0.05-0.2, Fe≤0.8, Zn≤6, Sn≤0.1, In≤0.1, Cu≤0.3, Mn≤0.15, Sr≤0.05, the rest is Al and unavoidable impurities. The core material and the intermediate layer have higher melting point than the solder, and the intermediate layer is protective relative to the core. The total thickness of the cladding layer consisting of the intermediate layer and solder layer with respect to total sheet thickness is 3-30%. Soldering can be carried out in inert or reducing atmosphere without necessity of for applying the flux.
EFFECT: possibility for soldering complex designs with corrosion potential.
16 cl, 2 tbl