The way to get captopril

 

(57) Abstract:

The essence of the invention, the product - captopril f - ly i - BF CgH 5N03S; t square 103-107° C, output 90,5%. Reagent i : compound f - crystals ii, where R is alkyl or alkoxy. Reagent 2 : aqueous solution ,rockside alkali metal Reagent 3 : miner-slna acid or ion-exchange resin reaction Conditions, aqueous medium, pH 3 to 4.5, the concentration of sapote from 4 to 18 M 12 3 p. f-crystals. Structure f-PI i HS-CH2CH(CH3bC(0)-NICOOH II. RC(0)SCH2CH(CH3)-C(0)-N

 

Same patents:

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves introducing 0.1-0.3 ml of photosensitizing gel preliminarily activated with laser radiation, after having removed neovascular membrane. The photosensitizing gel is based on a viscoelastic of hyaluronic acid containing khlorin, selected from group containing photolon, radachlorine or photoditazine in the amount of 0.1-2% by mass. The photosensitizing gel is in vitro activated with laser radiation having wavelength of 661-666 nm during 3-10 min with total radiation dose being equal to 100-600 J/cm2. The gel is introduced immediately after being activated. To compress the retina, vitreous cavity is filled with perfluororganic compound or air to be further substituted with silicon oil. The operation is ended with placing sutures on sclerotomy and conjunctiva areas. Compounds like chealon, viscoate or hyatulon are used as viscoelastic based on hyaluronic acid. Perfluormetylcyclohexylperidin, perfluortributylamine or perfluorpolyester or like are used as the perfluororganic compound for filling vitreous cavity.

EFFECT: excluded recurrences of surgically removed neovascular membrane and development of proliferative retinopathy and retina detachment; retained vision function.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves making incision in conjunctiva and Tenon's capsule of 3-4 mm in size in choroid hemangioma projection to sclera 3-4 mm far from limb. Tunnel is built between sclera and Tenon's capsule to extrasclerally introduce flexible polymer magnetolaser implant through the tunnel to the place, the choroid hemangioma is localized, after performing transscleral diaphanoscopic adjustment of choroid hemangioma localization and size, under visual control using guidance beam. The implant has permanent ring-shaped magnet in the center of which a short focus scattering lens of laser radiator is fixed. The lens is connected to light guide in soft flexible envelope. The permanent implant magnet is axially magnetized and produces permanent magnetic field of 2-3 mTesla units intensity. It is arranged with its north pole turned towards the choroid hemangioma so that extrascleral implant laser radiator disposition. The other end of the implant is sutured to sclera 5-6 mm far from the limb with two interrupted sutures through prefabricated openings. The implant is covered with conjunctiva and relaxation sutures are placed over it. Light guide outlet is attached to temple using any known method. 0.1-1% khlorin solution is injected in intravenous bolus dose of 0.8-1.1 mg/kg as photosensitizer and visual control of choroid hemangioma cells fluorescence and fluorescent diagnosis methods are applied. After saturating choroid hemangioma with the photosensitizer to maximum level, transscleral choroid hemangioma laser radiation treatment is carried out via laser light guide and implant lens using divergent laser radiation at wavelength of 661-666 nm with total radiation dose being equal to 30-120 J/cm2. The flexible polymer magnetolaser implant is removed and sutures are placed on conjunctiva. Permanent magnet of the flexible polymer magnetolaser implant is manufactured from samarium-cobalt, samarium-iron-nitrogen or neodymium-iron-boron system material. The photosensitizer is repeatedly intravenously introduced at the same dose in 2-3 days after the first laser radiation treatment. Visual intraocular neoplasm cells fluorescence control is carried out using fluorescent diagnosis techniques. Maximum level of saturation with the photosensitizer being achieved in the intraocular neoplasm, repeated laser irradiation of the choroid hemangioma is carried out with radiation dose of 30-60 J/cm2.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.

4 cl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves creating tunnel between sclera and Tenon's capsule in intraocular neoplasm projection. Intraocular neoplasm localization and size is adjusted by applying transscleral diaphanoscopic examination method. 0.1-0.3 ml of photosensitizing gel based on viscoelastic of hyaluronic acid, selected from group containing chealon, viscoate or hyatulon, is transsclerally introduced into intraocular neoplasm structure using special purpose needle in dosed manner. The photosensitizing gel contains khlorin, selected from group containing photolon, radachlorine or photoditazine in the amount of 0.1-1% by mass. Flexible polymer magnetolaser implant is extrasclerally introduced into the built tunnel in intraocular neoplasm projection zone under visual control using guidance beam. The implant has permanent ring-shaped magnet axially magnetized and producing permanent magnetic field of 3-4 mTesla units intensity, in the center of which a short focus scattering lens of laser radiator is fixed. The lens is connected to light guide in soft flexible envelope. The implant is arranged with its north pole turned towards the intraocular neoplasm so that implant laser radiator lens is extrasclerally arranged in intraocular neoplasm projection zone. The implant light guide is sutured to sclera 5-6 mm far from the limb with single interrupted suture. The implant is covered with conjunctiva and relaxation sutures are placed over it. Light guide outlet is attached to temple using any known method. Visual control of intraocular neoplasm cells is carried out by applying fluorescence and fluorescent diagnosis methods. After saturating the intraocular neoplasm with the photosensitizer to maximum saturation level, transscleral intraocular neoplasm laser radiation treatment is carried out via laser light guide and implant lens using divergent laser radiation at wavelength of 661-666 nm. The treatment course being over, the flexible polymer magnetolaser implant is removed and sutures are placed on conjunctiva. Permanent magnet of the flexible polymer magnetolaser implant is manufactured from samarium-cobalt, neodymium-iron-boron or samarium-iron-nitrogen. 0.1-1% khlorin solution as photosensitizer, selected from group containing photolon, radachlorine or photoditazine, is additionally intravenously introduced in 2-3 days at a dose of 0.8-1.1 mg/kg and repeated laser irradiation of the intraocular neoplasm is carried out with radiation dose of 30-45 J/cm2 15-20 min later during 30-90 s.

EFFECT: complete destruction of neoplasm; excluded its further growth.

4 cl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying transscleral diaphanoscopic examination method for adjusting intraocular neoplasm localization and size. Rectangular scleral pocket is built 2/3 times as large as sclera thickness which base is turned from the limb. Several electrodes manufactured from a metal of platinum group are introduced into intraocular neoplasm structure via the built scleral pocket. Next to it, intraocular neoplasm electrochemical destruction is carried out in changing electrodes polarity with current intensity of 100 mA during 1-10 min, and the electrodes are removed. Superficial scleral flap is returned to its place and fixed with interrupted sutures. 0.1-2% aqueous solution of khlorin as photosensitizer, selected from group containing photolon, radachlorine or photoditazine, is intravenously introduced at a dose of 0.8-1.1 mg/kg. Visual control of intraocular neoplasm cells is carried out by applying fluorescence and fluorescent diagnosis methods. After saturating the intraocular neoplasm with the photosensitizer to maximum saturation level, transpupillary laser radiation of 661-666 nm large wavelength is applied at a dose of 30-120 J/cm2. the operation is ended with placing sutures on conjunctiva. Platinum, iridium or rhodium are used as the metals of platinum group. The number of electrodes is equal to 4-8. 0.1-1% khlorin solution, selected from group containing photolon, radachlorine or photoditazine, is additionally repeatedly intravenously introduced in 2-3 days at a dose of 0.8-1.1 mg/kg. Visual control of intraocular neoplasm cells is carried out by applying fluorescence and fluorescent diagnosis methods. After saturating the intraocular neoplasm with the photosensitizer to maximum saturation level, repeated laser irradiation of the intraocular neoplasm is carried out with radiation dose of 30-45 J/cm2.

EFFECT: complete destruction of neoplasm; excluded tumor recurrence; reduced risk of tumor cells dissemination.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves intravenously administering 0.1-1% aqueous solution of khlorin, selected from group containing photolon, radachlorine or photoditazine at a dose of 0.2-0.5 mg/kg or 0.2-1% aqueous solution of porphyrin like photogem at a dose of 0.2-1 mg/kg. Laser irradiation of blood is carried out 5-15 min later after beginning photosensitizer injection into cubital vein of one arm via laser light guide set in advance in the cubital vein of the other arm during 10-40 min at wavelength of 661-666 nm and power of 20-50 mW one session per day during 3-10 days with the aqueous solution of khlorin used as the photosensitizer, or laser irradiation of blood with wavelength equal to 630-633 nm during 10-45 min with power of 20-50 mW one session per day with the aqueous solution of porphyrin used as the photosensitizer. Repeated intravenous administration of photosensitizer is carried out 1-3 months later combined with repeated laser irradiation of blood.

EFFECT: reduced risk of tumor cells dissemination and metastasis development.

2 cl

FIELD: organic chemistry, medicine, chemical-pharmaceutical industry, pharmacology, pharmacy.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a medicinal agent used for prophylaxis and treatment of diseases and disorders associated with dysfunction of benzodiazepine receptors. This medicinal agent comprises compound of the formula (I)

. Compound of the formula (I) elicits high cardioprotective, neurotrophic, renoprotective activity and enhanced bioavailability.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of compounds.

5 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine, cardiology.

SUBSTANCE: the suggested method should be performed at the background of medicinal therapy with preparations out of statins group, tevetene, polyoxidonium and conducting seances of plasmapheresis by removing 800 ml plasma twice weekly with N 5 due to additional intramuscular injection of immunophan 0.005%-1.0 with N 10 and fluimucyl 300 mg intravenously daily with N 5-10, total course of therapy lasts for 2 mo. The method provides modulation of leukocytic functional activity, moreover, due to altered cytokine profile and, thus, through disintegration of protein-lipid complexes participating in the development of atherosclerotic platelets.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves intravitreously introducing two electrodes into intraocular neoplasm after carrying out vitrectomy and retinotomy to expose the intraocular neoplasm. The electrodes are manufactured from platinum group metal. Electrochemical destruction is carried out with current intensity of 100 mA during 1-10 min or 10 mA during 10 min in changing electrodes polarity and their position in the intraocular neoplasm space, and the electrodes are removed. 0.1-1% aqueous solution of khlorin as photosensitizer, selected from group containing photolon, radachlorine or photoditazine, is intravenously introduced at a dose of 0.8-1.1 mg/kg. Visual control of intraocular neoplasm cells fluorescence is carried out by applying fluorescent diagnosis methods. After saturating the intraocular neoplasm with the photosensitizer to maximum saturation level, intravitreous laser radiation is carried out in parallel light beam of wavelength equal to 661-666 nm is applied at a dose of 30-120 J/cm2.The transformed retina and tumor destruction products are intravitreally removed. Boundary-making endolasercoagulation of retinotomy area is carried out after having smoothed and compressed retina with perfluororganic compound. The operation is finished with placing sutures on sclerotomy and conjunctiva. Platinum, iridium or rhodium are used as the platinum group metals. Another embodiment of the invention involves adjusting position and size of the intraocular neoplasm in trans-scleral diaphanoscopic way. Rectangular scleral pocket is built above the intraocular neoplasm to 2/3 of sclera thickness with its base turned away from limb. Several electrodes are introduced into intraocular neoplasm structure via the built bed. The electrodes are manufactured from platinum group metal. Electrochemical destruction is carried out with the same current intensity in changing electrodes polarity and their position in the intraocular neoplasm space, and the electrodes are removed. Superficial scleral flat is returned to its place and fixed with interrupted sutures. 0.1-1% aqueous solution of khlorin as photosensitizer, selected from group containing photolon, radachlorine or photoditazine, is intravenously introduced at a dose of 0.8-1.1 mg/kg after having carried out vitrectomy and retinotomy. Visual control of intraocular neoplasm cells fluorescence is carried out by applying fluorescent diagnosis methods. After saturating the intraocular neoplasm with the photosensitizer to maximum saturation level, intravitreous laser radiation is carried out in parallel light beam of wavelength equal to 661-666 nm is applied at a dose of 30-120 J/cm2. The transformed retina and tumor destruction products are intravitreally removed using vitreotome. Boundary-making endolasercoagulation of retinotomy area is carried out after having smoothed and compressed retina with perfluororganic compound. The operation is finished with placing sutures on sclerotomy and conjunctiva. Platinum, iridium or rhodium are used as the platinum group metals. The number of electrodes is equal to 4-8.

EFFECT: reduced risk of metastasizing.

4 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves building tunnel to posterior eyeball pole in inferoexterior and superexterior quadrants. The tunnel is used for implanting flexible polymer magnetolaser implant to the place, the subretinal neovascular membrane is localized. The implant has a permanent magnet shaped as a cut ring and is provided with drug delivery system and a short focus scattering lens of laser radiator connected to light guide. The permanent implant magnet is axially magnetized and produces permanent magnetic field of 5-7 mTesla units intensity. It is arranged with its north pole turned towards sclera at the place of the subretinal neovascular membrane projection with extrascleral arrangement of laser radiator lens membrane being provided in the subretinal neovascular membrane projection area. The other implant end is sutured to sclera 5-6 mm far from the limb via holes made in advance. The implant is covered with conjunctiva and retention sutures are placed thereon. Light guide and drug supply system lead is attached to temple with any known method applied. Drugs are supplied via the implant drug supply system in retrobulbary way in any order. Triombrast is given in the amount of 0,4-0,6 ml and dexamethasone or dexone in the amount of 0,4-0,6 ml during 3-4 days every 12 h. 0.1-1% aqueous solution of khlorin is intravenously introduced at the third-fourth day after setting the implant as photosensitizer, selected from group containing photolon, radachlorine or photoditazine, at a bolus dose of 0.8-1.1 mg/kg. Visual control of subretinal neovascular membrane cells fluorescence is carried out by applying fluorescent diagnosis methods. After saturating the subretinal neovascular membrane with the photosensitizer to maximum saturation level, intravitreous, transretinal laser radiation of 661-666 nm large wavelength is applied at general dose of 30-120 J/cm2. The flexible polymer magnetolaser implant is removed and sutures are placed on conjunctiva. Permanent magnet of the flexible polymer magnetolaser implant is manufactured from samarium-cobalt, samarium-iron-nitrogen or neodymium-iron-boron system material. The photosensitizer is repeatedly intravenously introduced at the same dose in 2-3 days after the first laser radiation treatment. Visual intraocular neoplasm cells fluorescence control is carried out using fluorescent diagnosis techniques. Maximum level of saturation with the photosensitizer being achieved in the subretinal neovascular membrane via laser light guide and implant lens, repeated laser irradiation of the subretinal neovascular membrane is carried out with radiation dose of 30-60 J/cm2.

EFFECT: accelerated subretinal edema and hemorrhages resorption; regression and obliteration of the subretinal neovascular membrane; prolonged vision function stabilization.

6 cl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves administering Noliprelum in postoperative period for reducing left ventricle hypertrophy.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment in early postoperative period.

FIELD: pharmaceutical chemistry, medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to new compounds of formula I ,

solvates or pharmaceutically acceptable salts having antiarrhythmic activity, including ventrical fibrillation, as well as pharmaceutical compositions containing the same. Compounds of present invention are useful in treatment or prevention of arrhythmia, modulation of ion channel activity, for topic or local anesthesia, etc. In formula I X is direct bond, -C(R6,R14)-Y- and C(R13)=CH-; Y is direct bond, O, S, and C1-C4-alkylene; R13 is hydrogen, C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, unsubstituted aryl or benzyl; R1 and R2 are independently C3-C8-alkoxyalkyl, C1-C8-hydroxyalkyl and C7-C12-aralkyl; or R1 and R2 together with nitrogen atom directly attached thereto form ring of formula II ,

wherein said ring is formed by nitrogen and 3-9 ring atoms selected independently from carbon, sulfur, nitrogen and oxygen, etc; R3 and R4 are independently attached to cyclohexane ring in 3-, 4-, 5-, or 6-position and represent independently hydrogen, hydroxyl, C1-C6-alkyl and C1-C6-alkoxy; and when R3 and R4 are bound with the same atom of cyclohexane ring they may form together 5- or 6-membered spiroheterocycle ring containing one or two heteroatoms selected from oxygen and sulfur; A is C5-C12-alkyl, C3-C13-carbocyclic ring, or ring structure as defined herein.

EFFECT: new antiarrhythmic drugs.

30 cl, 12 dwg, 34 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, biochemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to substituted derivatives of N-phenyl-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3,3,3-trifluoropropaneamide of the formula (I): wherein n = 1 or 2; R1 represents chlorine, fluorine, bromine atom, methyl or methoxy-group; R2 is taken among of one the following groups: (i) halogen atom, nitro-, hydroxy- amino- or cyano-group; (ii) -X1-R5 wherein X1 represents -O-, -S-, -SO-, -SO2-, NR6-, -CO-, -CONR6-, -NR6CO- wherein R6 represents hydrogen atom and R5 is taken among (C1-C6)-alkyl optionally substituted with one or some A, and so on; (iii) 4-8-membered heterocyclic group joined by nitrogen atom that represents saturated monocyclic ring comprising 4-8 carbon atoms among that at least one is nitrogen atom and so on; R3 represents (C1-C6)-alkyl optionally substituted with one or some A and so on; A is taken among hydroxy-, amino-group, halogen atom, carboxy-, N-(C1-C4-alkyl)-amino-, N,N-di-(C1-C4-alkyl)-amino-group, carbamoyl and (C1-C6)-alkoxy-group; D is taken among: (i) -Xa-Rc wherein Xa represents -SO2, -CO-, -NRdCO-, -NRd- or -CONRd-; (iv) cyano-group or halogen atom; (v) -XcRf wherein Xc represents -C(O)- and Rf represents 4-8-membered heterocyclic group joined by nitrogen atom that represents saturated monocyclic ring comprising 4-8 carbon atoms among that at least one is nitrogen atom with optionally additional heteroatom taken independently among oxygen atom (O), optionally substituted at ring carbon atom by the hydroxy-group, halogen atom, (C1-C4)-alkoxy-group, (C1-C4)-alkyl or cyano-group; G represents (C1-C6)-alkanoyl; R4 represents hydrogen or fluorine atom; or to its pharmaceutically acceptable salt or its ester hydrolyzed in vivo. Also, invention proposes a method for preparing compound of the formula (I). Also, invention proposes pharmaceutical composition enhancing activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase comprising substituted derivatives of N-phenyl-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3,3,3-trifluoropropaneamide of the formula (I) or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt or ester hydrolyzed in vivo in combination with pharmaceutically acceptable vehicle or carrier. Invention provides preparing derivatives of N-phenyl-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3,3,3-trifluoropropaneamide enhancing activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal and biochemical properties of compounds.

14 cl, 1 tbl, 85 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, biochemistry, medicine, pharmacy.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to new inhibitors of farnesyltransferase of the formula (I):

wherein R1 means hydrogen atom (H), group of the formula R5C(O)- wherein R5 means phenyl, pyridyl or N-methylpiperidine; R2 means hydrogen atom (H), isopropyl, cyclopentyl or N-methyltetrahydropyridyl; R3 means hydrogen atom (H), halogen atom; R4 means hydrogen atom (H), halogen atom; L means -CH2-Z- wherein Z means NH; Y means sulfur atom (S), S(O) or S(O)2; or its salt. Compounds of the formula (I) inhibit activity of enzyme, farnesyl(protein)transferase, that allows their using in pharmaceutical composition in cancer treatment.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of inhibitors.

18 cl, 3 tbl, 3 sch, 6 ex

New compounds // 2261245

FIELD: organic chemistry, medicine, pharmacy.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to new compounds of the formula (I): wherein m = 0, 1, 2 or 3; each R1 represents independently halogen atom, cyano-group, hydroxyl, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy-group, (C1-C6)-halogenalkyl, (C1-C6)-halogenalkoxy-group, -NR9R10, (C3-C6)-cycloalkylamino-, (C1-C6)-alkylthio-, (C1-C6)-alkylcarbonylamino-group or (C1-C6)-alkyl; X represents -O- or CH2-, OCH2-, CH2O-, CH2NH-, NH-; Y represents nitrogen atom (N) or group CH under condition that when X represents -O- or CH2O-, CH2NH- or NH-group then Y represents group CH; Z1 represents a bond or group (CH2)q wherein q = 1 or 2; Z2 represents a bond or group CH2 under condition that both Z1 and Z2 can't represent a bond simultaneously; Q represents -O- or sulfur atom (S) or group CH2 or NH; R2 represents group of the formula: n = 0; each R4, R5, R6 and R7 represents independently hydrogen atom (H), (C1-C6)-alkyl either R4, R5, R6 and R7 represent in common (C1-C4)-alkylene chain joining two carbon atoms to which they are bound to form 4-7-membered saturated carbon ring, either each R5, R6 and R7 represents hydrogen atom, and R4 and R8 in common with carbon atoms to which they are bound form 5-6-membered saturated carbon ring; R8 represents hydrogen atom (H), (C1-C6)-alkyl or it is bound with R4 as determined above; each R9 and R10 represents independently hydrogen atom (H), (C1-C6)-alkyl; R15 represents (C2-C6)-alkyl, (C2-C6)-alkenyl, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (C5-C6)-cycloalkenyl, adamantyl, phenyl or saturated or unsaturated 5-10-membered heterocyclic ring system comprising at least one heteroatom taken among nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur atoms wherein each group can be substituted with one or more substitute taken independently among nitro-group, hydroxyl, oxo-group, halogen atom, carboxyl, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy-, (C1-C6)-alkylthio-group, (C1-C6)-alkylcarbonyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxycarbonyl, phenyl and -NHC(O)-R17 under condition that R15 doesn't represent unsubstituted 1-pyrrolidinyl, unsubstituted 1-piperidinyl or unsubstituted 1-hexamethyleneiminyl group; t = 0, 1, 2 or 3; each R16 represents independently halogen atom, cyano-group, hydroxyl, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy-group, (C1-C6)-halogenalkyl, (C1-C)-halogenalkoxy-group, -NR18R19, (C1-C6)-cycloalkylamino-, (C1-C6)-alkylthio-, (C1-C6)-alkylcarbonylamino-group, (C1-C6)-alkyl; R17 means (C1-C6)-alkykl, amino-group, phenyl; each R18 and R19 means independently hydrogen atom (H), (C1-C6)-alkyl, or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate. Compounds of the formula (I) elicit activity of a modulating agent with respect to activity of chemokine MIP-1α receptors that allows their using in pharmaceutical composition in treatment of inflammatory diseases.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of new compounds.

14 cl, 98 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, biochemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compounds that inhibit binding ligands with α4β1-integrin (VLA-4) selectively. Compounds have the formula (I):

wherein W means unsubstituted phenyl or phenyl substituted with 1-3 substitutes taken among (C1-C6)-alkyl, halogen atom, (C1-C4)-alkoxy-group and halogen alkyl; W1 means unsubstituted phenylene or phenylene substituted with 1-3 substitutes taken among (C1-C6)-alkyl, halogen atom and (C1-C4)-alkoxy-group, pyridylene, pyridylene substituted with 1-3 substitutes taken among (C1-C6)-alkyl, halogen atom and (C1-C4)-alkoxy-group, 2-oxopyrrolylene or thiazolylene; A means oxygen atom (O); R means -(CH2)n- wherein n = 1 or 2; X means -C(O)-; M is taken among the following groups: a)

wherein means divalent 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic radical wherein nitrogen atom is located in the joining point to X wherein Q represents -CH2-, -O- or -S-; R1, R2 and R3 are taken independently among the group involving: hydrogen atom (-H), hydroxyl group (-OH), quinolinyloxy-group, -NH2, mono- or dialkylamino-group, (C1-C6)-alkylsulfonylamino-, arylsulfonylamino-, naphthyloxy-, phenyloxy-group substituted optionally with di-(C1-C6)-alkylamine, (C1-C6)-alkyl, benzyloxymethyl, halogen atom, phenyl, (C1-C4)-alkoxy-group; or two adjacent R1, R2 and R3 taken in common can form alkylene- or alkylenenedioxy-group substituted optionally with 1-3 alkyl groups; R4 means hydrogen atom (H), lower alkyl; Y is taken among a bond, (C2-C8)-alkenylene group, (C2-C8)-alkynylene group, -C(O)-, -C(O)NH- and -(CH2)kY2 wherein k is taken among 1, 2 and 3; Y2 means a direct bond or divalent radical taken among -O-, -S-, -S(O)-, -S(O)2- and -NY3- wherein Y3 is taken among hydrogen atom (H), lower alkyl; Z means (C3-C8)-cycloalkylene, optionally substituted phenylene, pyridylene, piperidylene, piperazinylene; A1 means a direct bond, -(CH2)t-alkynyl wherein t is taken among 1, 2 and 3; R5 means -OH, lower alkoxy-group, , ; b) means wherein R11 is taken among , -NR12- wherein R12 is taken among hydrogen atom (-H), optionally substituted lower alkyl, lower alkenyl, lower alkynyl, phenyl; Z3 is taken among a direct bond, (C1-C12)-alkyl wherein one or some carbon atoms can be replaced with -O- or -NR13- wherein R13 means hydrogen atom (-H), lower alkyl, wherein x = 0 or 1; y = 1, 2 or 3; R14 means hydrogen atom (-H), ; and when R11 means NR12 then Z3 is taken among: wherein 14Ra means hydrogen (H), halogen atom; , and ; Q2 means wherein R17 and R18 mean hydrogen atom (H), lower alkyl; or phenylene that can be substituted; L1 means -COOH or -COOR19 wherein R19 means lower alkyl. Compounds of the formula (I) inhibit activity of VLA-4-mediated adhesion of cells that allows their using in pharmaceutical compositions.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of compounds and compositions.

21 cl, 11 tbl, 283 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, medicine, pharmacy.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to new compounds including all its enantiomeric and diastereomeric forms, and to their pharmaceutically acceptable salts wherein indicated compound corresponds to the formula: wherein A represents a conformationally limited ring system chosen from the group comprising the following formulae: (a) (d) and (e) wherein carbon atoms labeled by asterisks can be in any stereochemical configuration or their mixtures wherein Y has a formula: -(CH2)b-R15 wherein index b = 1-4, and R15 represents -OH, -NH2, guanidine-group, and Z has a formula: wherein R represents hydrogen atom; R9 represents naphthylmethyl; R10 represents -C(X)N(R16)2 wherein each R16 represents independently hydrogen atom or (C1-C10)-alkyl; X represents oxygen atom; or Z represents naphthylmethyl wherein W has a formula: wherein R represents phenyl substituted optionally with halogen atom of OH-group wherein fragment L is chosen from the group comprising: -NH- or -NHC(O)-; B represents hydrogen atom of fragment of the formula: wherein fragments R2, R3 and R4 are chosen independently among the group comprising hydrogen atom, -NHC(O)CH3, benzyl substituted optionally with hydroxy-group or halogen atom, imidazolylmethyl; or fragments R2, R3 and R represent in common naphthalinyl or isoquinolinyl; or one radical among R2, R3 and R4 represents hydrogen atom and two radical among R, R3 or R4 chosen in common form piperidine ring or tetrahydroisoquinoline ring substituted optionally with the group -C(O)CH3. Also, invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition possessing the agonistic activity with respect to MC-3/MC-4 receptors based on these compounds. Invention provides preparing new compounds and pharmaceutical compositions based on thereof for aims in treatment of disorders mediated by function of MC-3/MC-4 receptors.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of compounds and compositions.

17 cl, 14 tbl, 12 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, chemical technology, biochemistry, medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel isoquinoline compounds of the general formula (I): wherein R1 represents hydrogen atom, halogen atom or alkyl; Y is absent or represents alkylene chain comprising from 1 to 8 carbon atoms wherein arbitrary carbon atom can comprise hydroxyl group as a substitute; R represents the following formula (II): wherein X represents -CH or nitrogen atom under condition that if Y absent in the formula (I) then X must represent -CH; W represents -CH or nitrogen atom under condition that if X represents -CH then W must represents nitrogen atom; s represents a whole number from 1 to 3; t represents a whole number from 1 to 3; if R3 represents hydrogen atom or alkyl then R2 represents hydrogen atom, alkyl, hydroxyl group or hydroxyalkyl, and R2' represents hydroxyl group or hydroxyalkyl, and if R3 represents hydroxyalkyl then R2 and R2' represent hydrogen atom. Also, invention relates to their optically active forms, pharmaceutically acceptable salts, aqueous adducts, hydrates and solvates. Compounds of the formula (I) elicit inhibitory effect on activity of poly-(ADP-ribose)-polymerase and can be used in prophylaxis of diseases associated with cerebral infarction.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of compounds, improved method of synthesis.

40 cl, 4 tbl, 55 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, chemical technology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for synthesis of N-methyl-N-{(1S)-1-phenyl-1-[(3S)-3-hydroxypyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}-2,2-diphenylacetamide. Method involves the following steps: (a) interaction of N-substituted derivative of phenylglycine of the formula (I): , wherein R means -OR1, -SR1; R1 means A, benzyl, unsubstituted phenyl or phenyl, biphenyl or naphthyl mono- or disubstituted with halogen atom, -OA or (C1-C6)-alkyl; A means linear or branched (C1-C6)-alkyl; M means hydrogen atom (H) or a cation chosen from group comprising alkaline metals, earth-alkaline metals, ammonium or alkylammonium with compound of the formula (II): , wherein R2 means H, A, or with acid-additive salt of compound of the formula (II) of acids HCl, HBr, HJ, H2SO4, H3PO4, or with organic carboxylic acid to obtain compound of the formula (III): , wherein R and R2 have above given values; (b) synthesized compound is converted to compound of the formula (IV): , by reduction reaction that is converted optionally to acid-additive salt of acids HCl, HBr, HJ, H2SO4, H3PO4, or to salt of organic carboxylic acid, and (c) synthesized compound of the formula (IV) is subjected for interaction with activated carboxylic acid of the formula (V): , wherein R4 means F, Cl, Br, J, -OA or -O-CO-A to yield compound of the formula (VI): , that is converted to a corresponding acid-additive salt using inorganic acid chosen from group comprising HCl, HBr, HJ, sulfuric acid, sulfamic acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, ortho-phosphoric acid or using organic acid.

EFFECT: improved method of synthesis.

7 cl, 8 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, medicine, pharmacy.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel derivatives of pyrrolidinium of the general formula (I): possessing antagonistic effect with respect to muscarinic receptors M3 wherein B means phenyl or thienyl group; each radical among R1, R2 and R means independently hydrogen, fluorine, chlorine atom or hydroxyl; n means a whole number from 0 to 1; A means group chosen from groups -CH2 and -O-; m means a whole number from 0 to 6; R means (C1-C8)-alkyl; X- represents a pharmaceutically acceptable anion of mono- or multibasic acid, and involving all separate stereoisomers and their mixtures. Also, invention relates to methods for synthesis of such compounds, pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds and to their using in therapy as antagonists of muscarinic receptors M3.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of compounds and pharmaceutical compositions.

17 cl, 51 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to new compounds of the formula (IE) or of its pharmaceutically acceptable salt, stereoisomer, stereoisomeric mixture, geometric isomer, including its chosen enantiomeric, diastereomeric and geometric isomers and their mixtures, where R4 and R5 are independently selected from C1-C6 alkoxy.

EFFECT: it makes it possible to use them in the pharmaceutical compositions and the methods of blocking Na channels in warm-blooded animals.

18 cl, 5 tbl, 18 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pharmaceutical compositions.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to new (N-substitutes glycyl)-2-cyanopyrrolidines of formula I , wherein R is adamantly, substituted in 3- and/or 5-site with one or more substituents, selected from group including C1-C10-alkyl, OR1 (R1 is C1-C10-alkyl, C1-C8-alkanoyl, -CO-NR4R5, wherein R4 and R5 are independently from one another hydrogen, cyclohexyl, C1-C10-alkyl, phenyl optionally substituted with C1-C10-alkyl or C1-C10-alkoxy), in free form or in form of acid additive salt. Claimed compounds inhibit dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP-IV) activity and useful in pharmaceutical composition for treatment of conditions mediated by DPP-IV, such as insulin-independent diabetes mellitus and obesity.

EFFECT: new pharmaceutical compounds inhibiting dipeptidyl-peptidase IV.

5 cl, 1 dwg, 4 tbl, 12 ex

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