A method of manufacturing a molded panel and molded panel
(57) Abstract:Use: in the production of moulded panels. The essence of the invention, the fastening facings on opposite sides of the beams produced by the formation of adjacent supporting elements, while facing feature diagonally top and bottom relative to the horizontal plane of symmetry of the beam and the connection of the latter are leaning the top element cladding on the lower element facing the adjacent beam, and the cladding is made equal or unequal width, and the supporting part are depressed or tongue and groove BSL f, 2 ID
FIELD: equipment for laminated structure compaction, particularly to produce floor panels.
SUBSTANCE: compaction device comprises two heated compaction plates, gripping transporting means, means for moving heated plates to laminated structure and compacting thereof. Gripping transporting means is adapter to clamp laminated structure and to move thereof to space between compaction device plates. Means for moving heated plates are controlled in such a way that heated plates simultaneously reach laminated structure and simultaneously move away from it. Plate area, which transfers pressure to laminated structure is at least 1 m3. Temperature and pressure is applied to laminated structure in the device from both sides thereof, which results in gluing structure layers together. Heating for glue melting is performed simultaneously from both structure sides. Laminated structure is adapted to produce floor panels having width of at least 300 mm and length of at least 800 mm and thickness not more than 15 mm. Grooves and ridges are cut in side panel edges. Panels have additional locking means to connect panels without glue.
EFFECT: prevention of shift during transferring heat.
12 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mould for producing door frames with openings intended for paneling or glassing. Frames are made from conglomerate of wood particles and glue arranged in layers to produce sandwich structure with its outer layers made from smaller-size particles with higher density relative to inner layer that features greater thickness and is made from larger particles. Material is fed from moulding machine to fill moulds and compacted between two heating plates of the mould. Mould comprises stationary perimetric frame that follows the door frame outline or that of its several surfaces to produce simultaneously several door frames and separated them by cutting. Note here that perimetric frame height exceeds thickness of door frame before compaction. Mould bottom horizontal platform may move vertically and be driven hydraulically. First rectangular frame made integral with said platform rests thereon. Frame sizes comply with those of perimetric frame opening. Said frame may slide in perimetric frame inner part like a plunger. Mould first rectangular frame surface incorporates so many openings as many door frames may be moulded at a time. Besides, mould is made up of one or more independent second rectangular frame arranged to perform telescopic displacement inside every opening of first rectangular fame and make remaining surface of door frame with its relevant openings. Note also that they may be driven by hydraulic cylinders and feature the height of the first rectangular door frame. Mould top plate may move vertically and doubles as heating plate driven by hydraulic drive in mould closing on placing in contact with stationary peripheral plate.
EFFECT: reduced wastes, ruling out machining and higher rigidity of peripheral zone.
28 cl, 30 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to presses to be used for application of amino-aldehyde resin coating on chipboards. Platen press comprises at least one heating plate, at least one caul plate to face pressed material and at least one press pad arranged between caul plate and heating plate. Said pad incorporates tight membrane (3) filled with resilient polymer material and connected with caul plate (5) to form closed space there between. Said space is filled with pad ply material liquid at, at least, platen plate operating temperature.
EFFECT: simplified replacement of press pad with liquid pad ply.
9 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to press equipment, particularly, to short-stroke press for production and/or lining of plate-shaped materials. This press comprises the bed composed of frame arranged in lengthwise direction of pressing, top and bottom plates. Working cylinders for loading of top and bottom plates are located on the frames to rest thereon and to be secured thereat. Rods fitted in frame recesses are used for attachment of working cylinders. Note here that rods and recesses are made for compliance to allow dismantling of rods between two appropriate pres frames.
EFFECT: lower press servicing labour input.
14 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: blockhouse facade for lining of internal and external walls includes two extended profile parts for lining of wall surface, which are installed one onto another, angular parts coupled with parts and installed in the form of cross connection of logs laid with an overlap, besides profile parts together with angular parts create an image of whole log structure. Profile parts are arranged as mirror-symmetrical in longitudinal direction and contain cross groove near their ends for opposite profile part of cross connection. Angular parts are arranged in the form of round log sections with cur surface that forms end, and also with opposite first flat joint surface and second joint surface adjacent to it, which matches external surface of cross profile part and angular part. Profile parts and angular parts create a set of component elements to create facade with formation of external and internal angle.
EFFECT: simplified assembly and manufacturing of facade parts.
17 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a wooden building the elements perceiving load are attached to inner side surfaces, limited with structural elements of the building, comprising stands, ties and horizontal elements so that to make it possible to close the front surface of the bearing wall panel on the outer side with front surfaces of structural elements on the outer side and front surface of the adjacent non-bearing wall on the outer side.
EFFECT: improved earthquake stability of a building.
7 cl, 26 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall structure includes an inner bearing layer, a frame for wall bordering, steam insulation, external bordering shields and an insulant. The inner bearing layer is made from prefabricated laminated blocks of horizontal cutting, coupled in corners and abutments of inner walls to outer walls with the help of laminated L-shaped and T-shaped inserts. Laminated blocks and inserts shaved only along one side face at the side of inner rooms are connected to each other along the height of the wall structure on pins glued into the lower face of each laminated block or insert when they are manufactured, and into seats 10 of the below mounted elements during assembly of the wall structure.
EFFECT: increased spatial stiffness of a building.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to erect multi-layer walls includes formation of at least one wall from at least two rows of lengthy elements laid onto each other. Each row is formed by means of coupling of lengthy elements at the angle by means of connecting units. At the same time the connecting unit is made in each lengthy element in the form of at least one lock slot, having depth and width equal to the sum of thicknesses of at least two lengthy elements coupled with it and forming a wall layer. At least one coupled lengthy element is installed with a lock slot upwards, where at least two lengthy elements are laid as coupled with it, from which at least one is laid by the lock slot downwards, and the other one is laid with the lock slot upwards.
EFFECT: reduced labour intensiveness of wall erection process and reduced time for their erection.
12 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall panel is made of rows of modules installed onto each other, connected to each other and made from profiled rectilinear elements, is equipped with an insulant and lining boards. Profiled elements are made of a glued veneer profile, comprising walls made of veneer, on which shelves of bars are fixed. At the same time profiled elements are fixed by three to form an equilateral triangle in plan, and their shelves are faced towards the centre of the module. The panel includes side modules, rectilinear elements of which form a right-angled triangle in plan, with a hypotenuse equal to the side of the module and the angle near the base equal to 60°. Modules and side modules are fixed to each other, and each module is fixed with both lining boards. Each row in the panel is made from upper and lower layers of modules, at the same time in the lower layer the modules are placed in contact with the adjacent ones and are faced upwards with their tops, and the modules of the upper layer are faced down with their tops and contact with their sides to the sides of the adjacent modules of the lower layer.
EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of a structure.
SUBSTANCE: collapsible wall structure includes: top and bottom plates, vertical posts between which rows of modules out of profiled straight elements form panels, heat insulator, and facing plates. Modules are made of glued plywood profile with plywood walls bearing shelves out of bars. Profiled elements are attached in groups of three elements forming equilateral triangles. Side modules are made of straight elements forming right triangle with hypotenuse equal to module side and base angle of 60°. Modules and side modules are interconnected, and each module is attached to both facing plates. Each module row consists of top and bottom layers. Module bases in bottom layer of bottom row and module bases in top layer of top row are attached to bottom and top plates, respectively. Vertical walls of side modules are attached to surfaces of respective vertical posts facing them. Glued plywood profile shelves face module centre.
EFFECT: enhanced bearing capability.
SUBSTANCE: building structure includes straight-line elements attached to each other and made from a glued plywood profile containing walls made from plywood and shelves made from bars fixed on the wall along longitudinal edges. There have been used three straight-line elements that are fixed so that an equilateral triangle is formed in a plan view; the shelves of straight-line elements face each other.
EFFECT: increasing carrying capacity of long glued plywood building structures owing to forming a stiff load-carrying element at their operation as part of panels, which is related to perception and redistribution of vertical loads.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to the method to manufacture a 3D building element. The 3D building element is mainly made of plate stocks of material cut by size. Stocks are stage by stage cut from at least one material band, and then connected to each other in the form of a building element.
EFFECT: reduced material consumption.
7 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a structure of stands connection with external and internal elements of building walls with the help of embedded parts, both angular and row stands are given a boxy shape, comprising external and internal links and embedded parts of square or rectangular cross section, besides, the external link and one of internal links of angular stands have a L-shaped or square cross section, and the second internal link of the same stands - cross section of one fourth of the circle; external and internal links of row stands are made with a U-shaped cross section or in the form of a solid insert of rectangular shape using in the body each angular and row stand, at least of two mounting seats, arranged from cuts and ledges entering into each other.
EFFECT: invention provides for universality, industrial quality, simplicity and convenience of manufacturing and assembly, reliability of operation and aesthetic appearance of the proposed structure.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, in particular to wall structures from wooden glued elements. Engineering problem is improving strength characteristics, minimising labour costs in construction of wall structures. Glued wooden element is in form of a stack of glued together vertically disposed slats with each other with congruent grooves and protrusions on its upper and lower sides, formed by displacement of at least one slat relative to other slat. Stack is made of an odd number of slats made of wood with longitudinal fibres of wood, and even - with cross arrangement. At ends of stack there are additionally congruent grooves and ridges with recesses and protrusions on upper and lower sides of ends of stack formed by displacement of at least one inner lamella relative to other lamella of stack. Stack is equipped with at least one pair of vertical through-channels.
EFFECT: disclosed is a method of assembling wall structures from said elements.
7 cl, 8 dwg