The composition for emulsione chemical filament yarn before weaving

 

(57) Abstract:



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry; production methods of composition for thread coating.

SUBSTANCE: composition includes x) = 10-50 mass.% of polyethylene wax with melting temperature from 110 to 150°C, y) = 10-50 mass.% compound ether compositions of conjoint polymer produced from α-olefine containing from 10 to 24 carbon atoms and unsaturated dicarboxylic acid selected from maleinic acid, fumaric acid, itaconic acid and citraconic acid z) = 100-(x+y) mass.% of silicon oil composition with 100 to 100- MPa-c viscosity at 20°C. Threads, fibres or filaments produced by spinning, stretching and texturing, if necessary, are subject to treatment with the specified composition.

EFFECT: items are ensured with high resistance property.

17 cl, 2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of producing a water and oil repellent agent involves emulsification of (a) 15-85 wt % perfluoroalkylethylacrylate, (b1) 5-65 wt % 2-ethylhexylmethacrylate and (b2) 1-40 wt % benzyl methacrylate in the presence of (c) a cation surface active substance of the polyethylene oxide adduct type, or neutralised organic acid compound of an amine, with polyethylene oxide chains, and (d) compounds based on polypropylene glycol, with molecular weight 300-3000, or hexylene glycol, with subsequent copolymerisation reaction in the presence of a polymerisation initiator, and mixing the obtained aqueous dispersion with (e) blocked isocyanate.

EFFECT: satisfactory water and oil repellent for synthetic and natural fibre.

5 cl, 22 ex, 5 tbl

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a woven or jersey material of the air bag with coating, produced without the dressing stage and without the washing stage from threads, which contain a certain amount of lubricant compound on their surface. Invention also relates to use of these threads in area of coated woven or jersey materials of air bags, and also to usage of an air bag comprising a woven or jersey material with coating.

EFFECT: improved operational properties of material.

20 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: textile fabric joined with a binding system comprises the following, wt %, dry weight: 10-90 water dispersion of polymerizates on the basis of conjugated aliphatic dienes and vinyl aromatic compounds, 10-90 starch, 0-10 additives, where the fabric is a nonwoven material.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve the ability of fabrics to preserve dimensions under high temperatures with preservation of flexibility, ageing and stability properties.

26 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: emulsion of superabsorbent of water-in-oil type is applied to the yarn. Oil is a continuous oil phase and contains saturated hydrocarbons. And at least 70 wt % hydrocarbons contain 20 to 32 carbon atoms.

EFFECT: invention provides for the prevention or reduction of sedimentation of superabsorbent or oil on the guide rollers in the process of applying superabsorbent emulsion of water-in-oil type to the yarn.

6 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: contacting of textile with polymers A and B in aquatic medium is carried out. The polymer A is selected from the class of homopolymers or copolymers of vinyl alcohol, alkylene glycol, saccharides and carboxylic acid. The polymer B is selected from the class of homopolymers or copolymers of vinylpyrrolidone, alkylene oxide, saccharides and carboxylic acid. Polymers A and B refer to different classes. The aquatic medium contains an electrolyte selected from sodium, potassium, magnesium or calcium chlorides, sulfates or nitrates, and pH of the aquatic medium is less than 6.

EFFECT: reduction of textile contamination, improving the efficiency of subsequent processing.

8 cl, 8 tbl

FIELD: nanotechnology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to endow fibrous material hydrophobic and/or water-repellent properties. Comprises soaking of fibrous material suspension containing nano particles of hydrophobic material and cyanoacrylate in organic solvent, removing solvent, cross-linking of said cyanoacrylate.

EFFECT: such amount cyanoacrylate and such its weight ratio to nano particles for complete or partial coating of fibrous material matrix cross-linked cyanoacrylate, in which dispersed said nano particles.

12 cl, 7 dwg, 4 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method for carbon fiber fabric production is described, wherein the carbon fiber fabric (1) is impregnated with silicone, polyurethane or acrylic emulsion (4), which is then dried together with the fabric (1), wherein at least one protective layer (2 ) containing a film, woven or nonwoven material, is applied to one side of the fabric (1). Carbon fiber fabric (1) and lining for cars are also described.

EFFECT: carbon fiber fabric with improved properties is obtained.

20 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: sewing and textile branches of light industry.

SUBSTANCE: composition contains 83-85 wt% of film-forming preparation - binder UDR RF on the base of acrylic copolymer in the form of viscous homogeneous dispersion; 10.5-13.0 wt% of binder - glycasine, and 3.5-4.00 wt% of water.

EFFECT: improved hygienic properties in usage, provision for retention of geometric and qualitative properties after sewing article care processes, and stable basic sizes upon wearing.

2 tbl, 14 ex

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: textile fabric joined with a binding system comprises the following, wt %, dry weight: 10-90 water dispersion of polymerizates on the basis of conjugated aliphatic dienes and vinyl aromatic compounds, 10-90 starch, 0-10 additives, where the fabric is a nonwoven material.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve the ability of fabrics to preserve dimensions under high temperatures with preservation of flexibility, ageing and stability properties.

26 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of non-woven material, having on its surface, distributed elements with physical dimensions, which can be used for cleaning in various applications. Described is a continuous production method of printing non-woven material, including screen printing wet material required shape using thixotropic water-based paste. Paste contains a thermoplastic polymer, a leavening agent, a rheology modifier additive for surface tension and a cross-linking agent. Concentration of solid material in paste is 15-45 wt%.

EFFECT: invention provides non-woven material, having on its surface distributed elements with physical dimensions with abrasive, decorative and/or anti-sliding properties without need for expensive and labour-consuming operations of post-processing.

9 cl, 7 dwg, 13 tbl, 12 ex

FIELD: nanotechnology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to endow fibrous material hydrophobic and/or water-repellent properties. Comprises soaking of fibrous material suspension containing nano particles of hydrophobic material and cyanoacrylate in organic solvent, removing solvent, cross-linking of said cyanoacrylate.

EFFECT: such amount cyanoacrylate and such its weight ratio to nano particles for complete or partial coating of fibrous material matrix cross-linked cyanoacrylate, in which dispersed said nano particles.

12 cl, 7 dwg, 4 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: aqueous dispersion of the polymer P comprises, wt %: ≥0.1 and ≤2.5 acrylic acid, methacrylic acid and/or itaconic acid (monomer A), ≥0.1 and ≤1.5 allyl methacrylate (monomer C), ≥0.1 and ≤5.0 N-methylolacrylamide and/or N-methylol methacrylamide, ≥25 and ≤69.7 n-butyl acrylate, and/or ethyl acrylate, ≥30 and ≤70 styrene (monomer F). The amounts of monomers A, C, D, E, F in total amount to 100 wt %. The aqueous binder formulation further comprises a saccharide compound S selected from hydroxypropylated potato starch, the amount thereof being such that it is ≥10 and ≤400 wt. parts per 100 wt. parts of the polymer of P. Total amount of the saccharide compound S is added to the aqueous dispersion of the polymer P. Method of producing a molded article from fibrous substrates, the use of an aqueous composition of a binder as a binder for fibrous substrates, non-cement coatings, sealants and adhesives and the use of a moulded article for the production of bituminous roofing cloths.

EFFECT: providing an aqueous dispersion of the polymerizer and an aqueous dispersion of the binder, by means of which it is possible to produce moulded articles with an improved transverse rupture force index at room temperature or reduced stretching at an elevated temperature.

17 cl, 1 tbl, 13 ex

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