Horology (G04)

G   Physics(393877)
G04            Horology(3735)

Rotary node for clocks // 2642153
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a clock comprising a rotary assembly comprising an axis. This axis is mounted to rotate between two bearings, an element that is installed between an axis shoulder (44) and an elastic washer. While at least one of the two bearings (13, 14, 33, 34, 53, 54) contains a movement terminator, which is thus to enter into direct contact with the elastic washer in order to restrict the relative movement between the axis and its bearings.EFFECT: reducing the total height of the rotary assembly, which allows the assembly to be used for any type of clockwork.14 cl, 5 dwg
Clock clip // 2640757
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: clock clip (1) intended for the rotary installation between a bottom plate (9) and a bridge (5) and comprising at least one spring (7) located between the rotating drum (6) and ratchet wheel (7) and hooked between this drum (6) at its outer end and the shaft (3) at its inner end. The shaft rotates in all-in-one way with this ratchet wheel (2) around the rotation axis (D). The clip (1) includes an all-in-one block (10), which is located coaxially with the shaft (3) and combines the shaft (3) and the ratchet wheel (2) with each other around the crown (4) in close proximity to the plate (10) and which rotates at the top collar (13) through the hole (62) of the drum (6) on the end tube, the outer collar (64) of which rotates in the hole (51) of the bridge (5) or a stone (52) of the clock contained in the bridge (5).EFFECT: expansion of the functionality.9 cl, 3 dwg

Device for timescales comparison // 2640455
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: device consists of two components located on objects distant from each other. The device on the first object contains two event timers with optical pulses receivers connected thereto, both event timers are connected to a generator forming the timescale for this object, and they are connected to a computer connected to an information transfer system (for example, Ethernet, wireless LAN, etc.). The optical pulse generator is connected to the input of the fiber splitter, with one splitter output connected to the input of the first optical pulses receiver, the second one is connected to the fiber optic circulator input-output. The second optical pulses receiver is connected to the second input- output of the fiber optic circulator and the second event timer. The third input-output of the circulator is connected by an optical fiber link to the second object. The second object also includes an event timer with an optical pulses receiver, an object timescale generator and an information transfer system attached thereto. The optical pulses receiver of this object is connected to an optical fiber link between objects via a semi-transparent mirror. The feature and advantage of the device is that the delay time in the fiber optic link is algorithmically eliminated in determination of the timescales divergence; and also that optical and not electric pulses are referenced to the corresponding timescales by means of a splitter, which excludes the influence of errors in the timescale - optical pulse channel; as well as the that single-step event timers or time-interval meters are applied due to the use of two optical pulses receivers at an object on which the optical pulses generator is located.EFFECT: improved accuracy of comparison or synchronization through the use of signals in the optical range and direct optical pulses referencing to timescales, increased reliability and efficiency through the use of a fiber optic link, ability to compare and synchronize timescales using only one optical fiber of an arbitrary length leased from operators of public communication networks, possibility of using one-stop event timers or time-interval meters, and reduced permissible distance between objects.2 dwg

ethod and device for reminding based on alarm clock // 2639305
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: request the event flow alarm database located in the mobile terminal to decide whether the next alarm exists. The event flow alarm contains at least two alarms, each of which contains at least one event respectively, and when it is judged that the next alarm exists, during the reminder of the next alarm, the present reminder information is output. Before requesting a database, event flow alarm set reminder time of the first alarm, contained in the event flow, the clock for the second alarm before the last alarm, the alarm clock is contained in the event stream consistently set the time interval between settable alarm and previous alarm, and based on time interval and time reminders of the previous alarm Reminder alarm installed calculates.EFFECT: providing the ability to manage multiple alarms, which reduces the time spent managing.11 cl, 17 dwg

Assembly device using deformation of elastic levers // 2638091
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the system (1, 21, 41, 61, 81) for mounting an element (3, 23, 43, 63, 83) made from the first material in an aperture (4, 84) of the detail (5, 25, 65, 85) made from the second material with a non-plastic deformation using an intermediate part (7, 27, 47, 67, 87) made from the third material placed between the specified member and the specified detail. According to the invention the detail (5, 25, 65, 85) is adopted at the first step (6) of the intermediate part (7, 27, 47, 67, 87) and elastically fixed on the second step (8) of the intermediate part (7, 27, 47, 67, 87) using the element (3, 23, 43, 63, 83), with the aim of fastening a block consisting of an element (3, 23, 43, 63, 83), an intermediate part (7, 27, 47, 67, 87) and a detail (5, 25, 65, 85). The invention relates to the watch industry.EFFECT: device improvement.15 cl, 7 dwg

ethod for manufacturing watch case (versions) // 2636563
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: for the manufacture of the watch case, in the first version, a strip with a given content of a precious metal of the required thickness is obtained and its one-piece connection with the solder is performed. The resulting bimetallic strip is rolled into the required thickness and with the help of metalworking operations, a blank of the outer part of the watch case is obtained from it. Then, from metal, by means of metalworking operations, the blank of the inner part of the watch case is made, after which the obtained blanks of the inner and outer parts are connected to each other and the assembled unit is disassembled, thereby obtaining the watch case. For the manufacture of the watch case according to the second version, by means of metalworking operations, a blank of the outer part of the watch case with a specified content of the precious metal is obtained. Then a metal strip is produced and its permanent connection with the solder is performed. The resulting bimetallic strip is rolled into the required thickness and with the help of metalworking operations, a blank of the outer part of the watch case is obtained from it. Then the obtained blanks of the inner and outer parts are connected to one another and the assembled unit is disassembled, thereby obtaining a watch case.EFFECT: providing a case that has a high rigidity with a minimum consumption of precious metal.22 cl, 1 dwg

Watch spring made of austenitic stainless steel // 2635979
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: watch spring, in particular a spring made of austenitic stainless steel based on iron and chromium, the thickness of the spring is less than 0.20 mm and this spring includes the following by weight: - chrome: the minimum value is 15%, the maximum value is 25%; - manganese: the minimum value is 5%, the maximum value is 25%; - nitrogen: the minimum value is 0.40%, the maximum value is 0.75%; - carbon: the minimum value is 0.10%, the maximum value is 1.00%; - total content (C+N) of carbon and nitrogen 0.40-1.50 wt %; - mass ratio of carbon to nitrogen (C/N) 0.125-0.550; - impurities and additional metals with the exception of iron: the minimum value is 0%, the maximum value is 12.0%; - iron: up to 100%.EFFECT: improving the operation accuracy.32 cl, 3 dwg

System and method for drug control // 2635508
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: drug control system comprises: a portable device attached to the user, the portable device comprising a light means configured to provide a visual stimulus of a predetermined colour to indicate the approaching time or period of drug administration; a drug dispenser comprising an additional light means adapted to provide an additional visual stimulus capable of providing light of a predetermined colour to attract user's attention and additionally configured to indicate the point or period of drug administration; wherein the portable device is configured to provide a visual stimulus by the light means at a predetermined time before the drug dispenser provides an additional visual stimulus by means of the additional light means. A method for drugs control is also provided.EFFECT: simplification and improvement of control reliability.13 cl, 6 dwg

ethod for manufacturing oscillating weight from composite materials // 2634891
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing an oscillating weight (1a; 1b) for an automatic winding mechanism of a self-winding watch having a central part (3a; 3b; 3c) made of the first composite material; and a heavy sector (5a; 5b; 5c) made of the second composite material, filled with heavy metal particles; the method comprises the following stages: forming a central part (3a; 3b; 3c) with a side rib and a projection by pumping the first composite material into a mould; multicomponent moulding of the heavy sector (5a; 5b; 5c) on the central portion by pumping the second composite into a mould comprising the central ppart so that the second composite material fills the projection as well as the gap under the side rib so that the side rib lowers into the second composite material and the central part and the heavy sector are interconnected.EFFECT: improvement of material properties.7 cl, 13 dwg

Wake-up device // 2634881
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: wake-up device (1) comprises a time recording means (2), a wake-up timer means (3), a controlled wake-up generating means (4), and a control device (5) for controlling the wake-up generating means (4). The wake-up generating means is capable of varying the intensity of the awakening stimulus. The awakening stimulus with a relatively low intensity is triggered at a predetermined time (tA) ahead of the appointed time (tWU) of awakening in such a way that the intensity of the awakening stimulus gradually increases in accordance with a predefined wake-up program. The wake-up device further comprises a sleep quality tracking means (10) for tracking the quality of the user's sleep and for generating a sleep quality tracking signal (S) indicating the quality of the user's sleep.EFFECT: control device is responsive to the sleep quality tracking signal received from the sleep quality tracking means, with the possibility of adjusting the wake-up routine.15 cl, 8 dwg

Clock mainspring // 2634792
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: presented mainspring (21) comprises a folded metal strip (23) including an outer turn including an increased thickness portion (25) constituting a single piece with a strip (23) between the beginning of the outer turn and in front of the free end of the outer turn that forms the base, extending radially with a substantially constant thickness towards the outer part of the mainspring, and, at least, one second strip (22, 24) forming the coupler (27), which is a single piece with the strip (23), extends from the base and, at least, partially, along the outer portion of the non-thickened outer coil of the mainspring (21).EFFECT: simplifying the stages of manufacturing mainsprings of small dimensions with a significant reduction in the waste volume.12 cl, 7 dwg

ainspring for clocks // 2634790
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: mainspring (1) includes a metal band (3). According to the invention, the metal is austenitic steel in order to limit the sensitivity to magnetic fields, and, at least, the outer surface of the tape (3) is strengthened, compared to the rest of the tape, by a predetermined depth (7) in order to strengthen the tape (3) in the main zones of mechanical stress, while maintaining a low elasticity module. The present invention relates to clock drums.EFFECT: simplified design.14 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of local determination of mobile and fixed objects with signals of global navigation satellite systems // 2629702
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: method is implemented by taking into account signals from the direct and indirect lines of sight. It is based on the method of mapping to the map. In this case, the method is based on the configuration of visible and invisible satellites for possible candidate solutions taking into account the terrain landscape, thereby increasing the accuracy of position determination. To implement the method, an algorithm is proposed that consists of an autonomous and an active stage. In the autonomous phase, the boundaries of buildings are formed on the grid of locations. The boundaries of buildings are constructed from the perspective of the GNSS user position, the edge of the building is defined for each azimuth (from 0 to 360°) in the form of a series of angles. The result of this stage shows where the edges of buildings are located within the celestial grid. Once a boundary is defined relative to the celestial grid, it can be stored and easily reused in the online phase to predict the satellite's visibility by simply comparing the height of the satellite with the height of the building in the same azimuth. At the second step of the active phase of the solution search, the area in which probable location solutions are located in the shaded area is determined. The search area is determined based on the initial position generated at the first step of determining the coordinates on the LOS (line of sight) Satellites. The simplest implementation is a fixed circle with the center at a known coordinate, however, more advanced positioning algorithms can also be used here. The third step compares the height of the satellite with the probable position with the height of the boundary of the buildings in the same azimuth. At the fourth step, the similarity between predicted visibility and actually observed is estimated. The candidate of the position with the best coincidence will be weighted higher in the decision with the shaded task. There are two stages of calculating the evaluation for the candidate position. Firstly, the definition of the observed coal on the estimated schemes. Secondly, the evaluation function provides a position between the observed signal and its estimate, which is described by the formula: , where ƒpos(j) is the position estimate for the grid point j, ƒsat(i, j, SS) is the estimation of the position of satellite i in grid j using the estimated matrix SS. At the end of this stage, each position candidate must have an estimate that represents the angle that indicates the visibility of the satellite, and therefore how likely is the candidate's position to be close to solving the navigation task. After determining the configuration and estimating the visible satellites, invisible satellites are evaluated for each candidate node in the navigation task solution. The last step is to determine the situation with the help of the scores obtained by comparing the candidates with the sample.EFFECT: improved accuracy.1 dwg

Detachment obstructing clock mechanism // 2629546
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: detachment obstructing clock mechanism (1) for limiting the clock balance movement (2) includes a pin (4) protruding from the axis (3)/ this mechanism includes a flexible multistable or bistable element (5), on which the detachment obstructing lock member (6) is located, which is fastened by means of flexible and resilient connectors to the rigid structural element (7) of the clock mechanism (10). One end (63, 64) of the above detachment obstructing lock member (6) according to the angular position of the above balance (2) is designed to obstruct the movement of the pin (4) and to perform the function of the lock member if the balance (2) exceeds its normal angular movement. Each detachment obstructing lock member (6) includes two arms (61, 62), the corresponding ends (63, 64) of which can obstruct the pin movement (4).EFFECT: increasing the reliability.16 cl, 31 dwg

Clock synchronization mechanism // 2629168
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a clock mechanism (10) comprising a gear transmission (2) mounted on a platinum (5) exposed to a torque and an energy storage means (3) adapted to transmit the torque to the said gear transmission (2) and (1) synchronizing the rotation speed of the said gear transmission (2). The synchronization mechanism (1) comprises a ring resonator (6) with a predetermined frequency of free oscillations, comprising a ring (7) mounted on the axis (A), periodically deformed by the motion of the drive element (8) contained in the synchronization mechanism (1) and moved directly or indirectly by means of the gear transmission (2).EFFECT: improving the accuracy.25 cl, 31 dwg

Tuning clock oscillator // 2629167
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: clock oscillator (200) comprising a resonator (100) formed by a tuning fork, which includes, at least, two movable oscillating parts (11; 12) attached to the connecting element (2) by the flexible elements (31, 41; 32, 42), the geometry of which defines the imaginary axes of oscillations (O1; O2) having a definite position with respect to the said connecting element (2), and around which the respective movable parts (11; 12) oscillate. The mass center of the moving parts in their resting state coincides with the corresponding imaginary axes of oscillations (O1; O2), and for, at least, one of the two moving parts (11; 12), the said flexible elements (31, 41; 32, 42) are intersecting elastic bands passing at a distance from each other in two parallel planes, and their directions in the projection onto one of these parallel planes intersect in the imaginary axes of oscillations (O1, O2) of the moving parts (11; 12).EFFECT: stability of work.18 cl, 22 dwg

Clockwork motor // 2629155
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: clockwork motor (1) pivotally mounted between the platinum (9) and the bridge (5) and comprising, at least, one spring (7) located between the pivoting drum (6) and the lid (8) and engaged at its outer end with the drum (6), and at its inner end - with the shaft (3), the said shaft rotates together with the ratchet wheel (2) about the pivot axis (D). The said motor (1) includes an integral subassembly (10), which is mounted coaxially to the shaft (3) and comprises, at least, a ratchet wheel (2) and/or a shaft (3) arranged around the bulge (4). The guide shaft in the platinum (9) is inserted into the bulge (4), which is integral with the ratchet wheel (2). The bulge (4) forms a guide element on the bridge (5), allowing the assembly of the bridge and the platinum, followed by the fastening of the shaft.EFFECT: increasing the reliability.8 cl, 4 dwg

Time indication mechanism with flexible indicator element and clock containing such mechanism // 2628713
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: time indication mechanism with the flexible indicator element comprises directly a flexible indicator element itself, a stacking and feeding system of the flexible indicator element, and a wheel or a ring of indication, characterized in that the stacking and feeding system of the flexible indicator element is kinematically connected with the clock mechanism. By means of the said stacking and feeding system of the flexible indicator element, a flexible indicator element is wound on the cylindrical surface of the wheel or the ring of indication, forming a visible arc. Herewith the clock can contain one or more such indication mechanisms, which allow to display hours, minutes, days, a calendar, etc.EFFECT: reducing the size of the clock by simplifying the design, since we do not use the standard switch system, reducing the wear of the clock mechanism elements, higher performance of the clock with such a indication mechanism due to the presence of only one easily replaceable element.16 cl, 8 dwg
ethod for manufacturing watch case // 2627214
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing watch case is proposed, wherein an inner part of the case is moulded, machined to produce two grooves for subsequent fixation of the decorative insert in them, a casting mould is produced for casting the decorative insert, forming the geometric pattern of the required watch case. Part of the casting mould shape is the inner part of the case, obtained earlier. Then waxing; casting and cutting of the decorative insert; final milling and polishing of the watch case are carried out.EFFECT: reduction of the weight of the precious metal in the product with simultaneous rigidity of the product.5 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of impulse delay time measuring in the communication line // 2627200
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: method is performed by measuring the time of the impulse passing through the communication line upto the unmatched load and back to the output impulse duration of the shaper, installed at the communication line input. At that the resistor at the communication line input is closed for the charging time of the communication line distributed capacity and is disclosed to receive the signal, reflected from the communication line end, when closing its load.EFFECT: increase of the accuracy and reliability of the results, while reducing the complexity of measurements.2 dwg

ultichannel device for measuring time intervals // 2627136
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: device includes a measurement channel consisting of two time slot boundaries fixating triggers which are connected respectively to the control inputs of two multivibrators which outputs are connected to the inputs of the pulse counters and to the input of the phase detector which output is connected to the reset input of the time slot boundaries fixating triggers. The device also comprises the second pulse generator, a reference frequency generator, a reference frequency measuring unit, to which inputs the outputs of the second pulse generator and a reference frequency generator are connected, a controller, to which inputs the output of the reference frequency measuring unit, the output of the phase detector and outputs of the counters are connected. The first output of the controller is connected to the second inputs of the multivibrators to activate the forced generation mode, and the second output of the controller is the output of the time-interval metre, a multivibrator frequency measuring unit, to which inputs the outputs of the multivibrators and the output of the reference frequency generator are connected, and the output of the multivibrator frequency measuring unit is connected to the input of the controller which calculates the measured time interval.EFFECT: simplification of the device.2 cl, 3 dwg

Chronometer with world time function // 2627024
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: chronometer with world time function contains a mechanism (27, 29, 31, 25, 19, 19H, 19E, 20, 20H, 20E, 21, 21E, 21H, 22, 22E, 22H, 23, 23E, 23H, 11, 11A, 12, 12A, 13, 13A, 14, 14A, 15, 15A, 17) of winter / summer time switching, which can be intermittently driven by the clock mechanism for selectively moving individual geographic reference points located on a dial (3) by 1/24 turns to change local time by one hour for these geographic reference points when switching from winter time to local time or from summer time to winter time.EFFECT: improved accuracy.7 cl, 9 dwg

Watch with removable clock-operated capsule // 2625907
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: watch contains a case, a case cover, a removable clock-operated capsule and strap fastening lugs. The watch additionally contains a spring and a retainer fastened to the case. An annular groove is provided on the removable capsule case, and there is a protrusion for contacting the annular groove on the retainer. The strap fastening lugs are removable. The invention also relates to a method for rapidly changing the configuration of the aforementioned watch, in which, by pressing against the cover of the watch case, an elastic force arises from the spring, breaking the lock and pushing the removable capsule along the guide, to which the retainer serves.EFFECT: ease and speed of replacing the clock-operated capsule without compromising the integrity of the case, the design of the watch is greatly simplified, and the performance of the watch is improved.7 cl, 4 dwg

Watch regulating element // 2625733
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: watch regulating element (1) contains a balance wheel (2) which oscillates about the axis (D) and is subjected to the torque applied by the torsional return means (4). The balance (2) comprises fastening means (10) forcing it to oscillate together with a torsional wire (5), which forms the above-mentioned torsional return means (4) especially for the above-mentioned balance (2). The largest cross-section size of the useful section (51; 52) of the above-mentioned torsional wire (5) which is subjected to torsion is less than 100 microns, the smallest cross-section size of the above-mentioned useful section (51; 52) is less than 50 microns, the total length (LT) of the above-mentioned torsional wire (5) is less than 6 millimeters, and the above-mentioned regulating element (1) comprises tensioning means (400) of the above-mentioned torsional wire (5).EFFECT: improved accuracy.26 cl, 15 dwg

Detail of clock mechanism // 2625254
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: subject of the present invention is a metal shaft movement, at the ends of the stems, characterized that as a metal for its manufacturing used austenitic steel, austenitic alloy of cobalt or nickel austenitic alloy with the aim of limiting its susceptibility to magnetic fields, as well as the fact that at least the external surface of specified at least one pin subjected to hardening at a certain depth to the center axis.EFFECT: increasing the surface hardness.13 cl, 5 dwg

Illuminated clock indicator // 2624716
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: clock (100) including a mechanical clock mechanism (10) with a clock indicator (4) including a light energy source (5) and a thin, elastic, mobile component (1) that deforms during operation, in particular, a balancing spring, at least, partially transparent, which transmits and diffuses light, which varies depending on the stresses in the elastic and deformable region. The said active or passive light source (5) injects light into one portion of the said mobile component (1) that conducts and diffuses light in, at least, one region of the mobile component (1) or the entire mobile component (1).EFFECT: indicator is visible in the dark.25 cl, 8 dwg

agnetic or electrostatic resonator // 2624713
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: clock resonator (6) comprising a movable component (7) having a ring-like shape extending around the axis and configured to oscillate about the axis (A), and a drive element (8), on which the torque acts inside the clock mechanism (10). This resonator is an annular magnetic or electrostatic resonator (6), the mobile component (7) of which is periodically excited by the action caused by the movement of the said drive element (8). The drive element (8) is designed to exert a non-contact force on the movable component (7). The mobile component (7) includes the first number of the first polar elements (76) magnetized or electrically charged with the first angular pitch, and the drive element (8) includes the second number of the second pole elements (86) magnetized or electrically charged with the second angular step and arranged such that the movable component (7) together with the drive element (8) form a mechanism that reduces or increases the speed.EFFECT: improveming the resonator.21 cl, 22 dwg

External element with improved mounting // 2624621
FIELD: mechanics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the middle portion (20, 200) of the watch body comprising at least one outer member (30), the noted outer member is secured to the middle portion in the fastening region by elastic fasteners (70), characterized in that the noted middle portion further includes at least one hole (26, 206) opening in the fastening region of the noted elastic fastening means, allowing the user to act on the noted elastic fastening means, deforming them, for separating the outer (30) from the noted middle part.EFFECT: reliable fastening.19 cl, 12 dwg

Program wheel of calendar mechanism // 2624432
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: calendar mechanism comprising a program wheel device 100 for the calendar mechanism, wherein the program wheel 100 comprises: a 13-day program wheel that performs a full revolution every month, is driven by a clock mechanism, and drives the gear (16-24) to display days of the month, and a software gear of 43 months, which performs a full revolution every year; the program wheel (13) days and the software gear (43) months are installed coaxially.EFFECT: improvement of the mechanism.9 cl, 14 dwg

Clock capable to indicate together time and physical quantity // 2623913
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: clock or the like are presented, containing: a dual-use scale for indicating together time and physical quantity; a physical quantity receiving unit to obtain information on the physical quantity; a target storage receiving unit to receive target storage, which is a physical quantity, which shall be stored in the time interval to the current time; a time displaying unit to display time on the dual-use scale; an actual storage receiving unit to receive actual storage, which is the physical quantity value stored to the current time; and a difference displaying unit to display difference obtained from the actual storage and the target storage by using the current time as the starting point.EFFECT: clock improvement.14 dwg

ethod of forming internal time scale of devices comparing and synchronizing time scale and fiber-optic reflectometers and device for its implementation // 2623840
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method and device of forming the internal time scale of the devices comparing and synchronizing the time scale and the fiber-optic reflectometers, are based on the generation of optical pulses and their direction to the circulator, recording the moment of pulse emission by the photodetector, a circulator and a semitransparent mirror located between the circulator outlet and the inlet to the investigated fiber-optic line, in reflectometry, or to the fiber-optic line connecting remote objects, in synchronization of time scales. Herewith the radiation moment of an optical pulse in the line is fixed by a photodetector in the same channel as the pulse coming from the line.EFFECT: increasing the comparison and synchronization accuracy of the remote object time scales by using the fiber-optic communication lines.2 cl, 1 dwg

Time transmission signals modem through the satellite communication duplex channel // 2623718
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: modem can be used in the very long baseline radio interferometry (VLBI), in the single time and frequency service, as well as for the information exchange between the ground stations, spaced into the long distances, using the geostationary ESV-repeater. The modem contains the geostationary ESV-repeater, the first A and the second B ground stations, each of which contains the reference 1 of time and frequency, the heterodynes 2 and 3, the transmitting-receiving antenna 4, the duplexer 5, the power amplifiers 6 and 16, the mixers 7 and 14, the amplifier of the first intermediate frequency 8, the clippers 9 and 17, the memory units 10 and 18, the correlators 11 and 24, the pseudonoise signal generator 12, the switch 13, the amplifier 15 of the second intermediate frequency, frequency selector 19, the narrowband filter 20, the amplitude detector 21, the threshold unit 22, the key 23, the adjustable delay unit 25, the remultiplier 26, the lowpass filter 27, the extreme regulator 28 and the range indicator 29. The geostationary ESV-repeater 30 includes a transmitting-receiving antenna 31, the duplexer 32, the power amplifiers 33 and 40, the heterodyne 34, the mixer 35, the third intermediate frequency amplifier 36, the total frequency amplifier 37, the amplitude detector 38 and the key 39.EFFECT: increase of the noise immunity and reliability of the time transmission through the duplex satellite communication channel by suppression of the false signals, received via additional channels, and automatic measurement of the inclined range up to the geostationary ESV-repeater in order to monitor its position in the orbit.5 dwg

Device for displaying periods forming annual cycle // 2622822
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: object of the present invention is a device for displaying the periods, which form an annual cycle sequence for a clockwork containing an indicating element (1) for indicating the said periods. The displaying device includes, at least, a control mechanism for the display duration of the said periods comprising, at least, a drive element (2) to drive the indicating element (1) serving to drive the indicating element (1) at the time of changing the period; a cam (4) controlling the display duration of the said periods, and a driving means of the cam; the first central gear wheel (6) with two inputs and one output; the first input is formed by the supporting drive wheel (8) committing one turn in the base period, the second input is formed by the actuating element (10) interacting with the said cam (4); the output is formed by the said drive element (2) of the indicating element (1); the said cam (4) comprises a profile arranged so that the actuating element (10) interactings with the first central gear wheel (6) to move the drive element (2) of the indicating element (1) forward or backward depending on the period length relative to the base period.EFFECT: device improvement.11 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of clock synchronization and device for its implementation // 2622511
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: device, implementing the proposed method contains the artificial earth satellite and five ground stations, each containing the frequency and time standard 1, heterodynes 2.1 and 2.2, the pseudo-random signal generator 3, the switch 4, the mixers 5, 13, 19, the amplifier 6 of the first intermediate frequency, the power amplifiers 7 and 12, the duplexer 8, the transmit and receive antenna 9, the clippers 10, 15, 33, 39 and 45, the buffer memories 11, 16, 34, 40 and 46, the amplifiers 14, 20 of the second intermediate frequency, the meters 17, 35, 41 and 47 delays and their derivatives, phase shifters 18, 21, 27 for 90º, the adders 22, 28 and 50, the multipliers 23, 29, the narrowband filters 24, 30, the amplitude detectors 25, 31, the switches 26, 32, 38, 44, the signal processing units 48.1, 48.2 and 48.3, units 49.1, 49.2 and 49.3 of time series formation of the total electronic content, the threshold unit 51, the computer 52.EFFECT: extension of the functional capabilities of the known technical solutions by determining the propagation velocity and the direction of the ionospheric disturbance arrival, caused by various destabilizing factors, due to the restoration of the ionosphere total electron content spatial distribution according to the atmosphere continuous electromagnetic transmission probing data by the repeated signals.2 cl, 5 dwg

Ceramic element encrusted by decoration of composite ceramics // 2621229
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method comprises the following steps: a) forming a ceramic or metal body by sintering; b) etching, at least, one recess on one surface of the ceramic body, forming a relief cavity for decoration; c) changing the state of the bottom surface of, at least, one recess in order to increase its contact surface; d) filling, at least, one recess by the composite ceramics so as to form the said decoration, and e) aligning the composite ceramics so that the composite ceramics remains only in the groove of, at least, one recess. At the step d) the recess is filled with an organic matrix containing ceramic particles of carbide, oxide or titanium nitride, silica, alumina, or zirconia, followed by cross-linking and hardening the matrix. The matrix is formed from an epoxy resin, polyamide, polyurethane, or silicone.EFFECT: improving the visual quality of the ceramic element while achieving high wear resistance.25 cl, 6 dwg

Device for permanent fixing of metal insert // 2620941
FIELD: mechanics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the element (10), including the base (11), having at least one recess, forming the shaped cavity for the sign and completely filled with galvanically deposited layer (16), so that the element (10) is the incrusted at least by one metal sign with improved visual quality. The element (10) contains the device for permanent fixing of indicated at least one metal sign, which is at least one through-hole (14) in the element (10) and at least partially filled with the galvanically deposited layer (16) for improving fixation at least one sign to the element. The indicated through-hole (14) has the first end, communicated with at least one recess and the second end, communicating with the other side of the mentioned base.EFFECT: reliability increase of the signs fixation.23 cl, 11 dwg

Push-button for clock with integrated valve // 2620870
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: push-button of the clock device to correct the displayed time, coupled with the decompression valve within the single control device. It essentially comprises the first spring (10) of the push-button return, which is followed by the second spring (13) made in such a way that it can be compressed and act as a valve spring.EFFECT: improving the device reliability.9 cl, 6 dwg

Annular swinging weight and clock containing such swinging weight // 2620489
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: annular swinging weight (3) for a self-winding clock comprises a driving ring (5) with an annular transfer part (11) provided with a coaxial toothing (15) for winding the clock, and a heavy sector (7). The heavy sector (7) is attached to the driving ring (5). The driving ring (5) includes a plurality of resiliently deformable connection elements (9), which can be elastically deformed and connected the annular transfer part (11) to the second annular part (13). A self-winding clock mechanism comprising a swinging weight, and an automatic clock comprising the said clock mechanism are also provided.EFFECT: possibility of damping the swinging weight movement in the axial direction.11 cl, 6 dwg

Device for measuring small time interval // 2620191
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: device for measuring a small time interval consists of the first signal sensor, the second signal sensor and an OR element, a block of series connected delay lines, a counter, a block of matching elements and a secondary processing block. Technical result is achieved with the introduction of two high-speed triggers with the installation to its original state and the two matching elements. The elements of the device are interconnected according to the block-diagram of fig. 1.EFFECT: increasing the resolution without increasing the cumbersomeness of the device.2 dwg
ovable part of the clockwork for the hidden installation // 2619804
FIELD: mechanics.SUBSTANCE: movable part (1) of the clockwork, intended for installation on the rotary axle, consisting of the transparent part (2), having the hole (5); the metal toothed rim (3) going along the circumference of the transparent part (2); the metal clutch (4), tightly inserted in the hole (5) and having the hole (6) for fastening on the rotary axle; the toothed rim (3) and the clutch (4) are made in the additive method directly on the transparent part, so that the radial tolerance between the clutch hole 6 and the toothed rim (3) is less than 0.01 mm.EFFECT: reliable fastening.16 cl, 5 dwg

Device for displaying clock dates with signs of large size // 2619734
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device includes a means for indicating tens, adapted to selectively display four separate characters, a means for indicating units, adapted to selectively display the numbers from 1 to 9 and zero. The means for indicating units includes a first upper plate (2) and the first lower plate (3), at least, partially overlapped in the display area (5). The first upper plate is adapted to the stepping rotation about an axis, and the sequence is located thereon, formed by eight characters evenly spaced circumferentially, from which seven characters are respectively represented by the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 and an incomplete or absent eighth character associated with, at least, the first hole (A8E, A8G) opening the lower plate (3). The first lower plate is adapted to the stepping rotation about an axis and includes evenly spaced characters or character elements (P8, P9, P0), which are visible, when combined in the display area with the said, at least, one first hole of the first upper plate (2). The first upper plate (2) and the first lower plate (3) are designed to be sequentially displayed in the area (5) of the first full cycle formed by the sequence of numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 displayed by the first upper plate, and then by the sequence of numbers 8, 9, 0, each of which is composed by overlapping one of the said characters or character elements (P8, P9, P0) of the first lower plate (3) on the said, at least, one hole (A8E, A8G) connected to the eighth character of the first upper plate (2) of the second full cycle, identical to the first full cycle and the third irregular cycle. The third cycle is composed of a sequence of numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, completed in accordance with the current month length, first with all or a part of the said sequence of numbers 8, 9, 0, and then, if necessary, with number 1 displayed by the first upper plate.EFFECT: simplifying the use of the updated device for displaying the clock characters at the end of a month comprising less than 31 days.5 cl, 9 dwg

Outer part based on photo-structured glass // 2619732
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the outer part (21, 61) comprising the first section (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 , 18, 19, 20, 23, 25, 27, 33, 35, 43, 45) based on the photo-structured glass, at least, one second section (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 , 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 23, 25, 27, 33, 35, 43, 45) based on, at least, one second material. According to the invention, one surface (24, 28, 30, 31) of the first section is integrally formed with the second surface section.EFFECT: solid outer section.11 cl, 5 dwg

Personal alarm system // 2619645
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: personal alarm system comprises means adapted to be worn close to the eye of the subject. The eye includes an eyelid, eyelid detector configured to determine the state (open or closed) of the subject's eyelid, a radiation source installed on the device and adapted to emit radiation in the first wavelength range into the subject's eye in the visible spectral region above approx. 590 nm, and a controller. The first wavelength range is chosen so as to allow the subject to perceive the radiation as a specific colour light that after passing through his/her eyelid, and the radiation source is adapted to stop the radiation, if the subject's eyelid is open. Subject awakening is carried out by the personal alarm system or a system adapted to wake the subject by radiation emission in the closed eyelid, comprising means for radiation source carrying near the subject's eye, means for subject's eyelid state determination (closed or open), means for radiation emmission in response to eyelid closed state determination.EFFECT: application of inventions expands the range to wake alarm devices.18 cl, 8 dwg

Clock with analemma and method of displaying analemma // 2619096
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: clock with an analemma contains a body, a dial, a clockwork, an analog time indicator, a drive annual wheel, an analemma module containing a contour of the analematic "eight" and a sun pointer, while the analemma module additionally contains a radius cam and an angle cam kinematically connected with the drive wheel, while the angle cam drives the analemma disk wheel by means of the transfer mechanisms, and the radius cam transmits motion to the sun pointer by means of the transfer mechanisms so that, when the analemma disk rotates, the sun pointer moves strictly along the trajectory indicated by the contour of the analematic "eight".EFFECT: simplifying the clock design with the analemma, reducing the overall clock dimensions with the analemma with simultaneous increasing the accuracy in displaying the true time on the clock and displaying the magnitude of the sun declination.10 cl, 9 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod of clock synchronization and device for its implementation // 2619094
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device for the clock synchronization realizing the proposed method, comprises a standard 1 of frequency and time, local oscillators 2.1, 2.2, a dither signal generator 3, a switch 4, mixers 5, 13, 19, 28 and 30, an amplifier of the first intermediate frequency, and power amplifiers7 and 12, a duplexer 8, a transceiving antenna 9, clippers 10 and 15, buffer memories 11 and 16, amplifiers 14 and 20 of the second intermediate frequency, a meter 17 of the delays and their derivatives, phase shifters 18 and 21 at 90°, adders 22, 41, 44 and 48, multipliers 23 and 34, narrow-band filters 24 and 39, an amplitude detector 25, a key 26, a reference frequency block 27, an amplifier 29 of the third intermediate frequency, low frequency filters 31 and 35, a meter 32 of Doppler frequencies, a correlator 33, an extreme knob 36, a variable delay block 37, a range indicator 38, phase inverters 40, 43 and 46.EFFECT: increasing the noise immunity and the synchronization accuracy of the remote time scales by suppressing false signals received on the direct transmission channel and on the intermodulation channels.2 cl, 6 dwg

echanism of indicating time by flexible indicating element on indicator shaft and clock containing such mechanism // 2619032
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: mechanism of indicating time by the flexible indicator element on the indicator shaft, containing an indicator roller, a flexible indicator element, a system of placing and feeding the flexible indicator element, is characterized by the fact that the indicator roller is adapted to move along its axis and/or to rotate around its axis. The flexible indicator element and the indicator roller are engaged with each other to generate images of the Roman hour numerals on the indicator roller field. The clock contains a body, a dial with an aperture, a means for the time indication, a clock mechanism. The clock is characterised in that the time indication means provides the time indication mechanism with the flexible indicator element on the indicator shaft.EFFECT: this display allows to increase the size of the time numbers on the display surface without increasing the dimensions of the clock device, the wear of the clockwork elements is reduced, higher clock performance is provided with such display mechanism due to the presence of only one easily removable element.18 cl, 11 dwg, 1 tbl

Part containing ceramic element // 2619013
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: clock part comprises a ceramic element (3) designed to fit to the casing (5). The part includes an interaction device (7) comprising a deformable insert (2) to fix the fit between the ceramic element (3) and the casing (5) and a coupling means between the insert (2) and the ceramic element (3). The coupling means comprises protrusions formed on the ceramic element (3) and designed to increase the local roughness in order to reduce the relative movement of the said ceramic element (3) and the said insert (2).EFFECT: reliability of elements fixing.8 cl, 3 dwg

Spring balance for clock // 2618739
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: clock unit (1) including a balance spring column (3) attached to the platinum (2) and a balance spring (4) wound (6) around the inner end (7) of the shoe (9), and the outer end (8) made integral with the above-mentioned column (3) of the balance spring. The above-mentioned column (3) of the balance spring and/or the above-mentioned shoe (9) includes brake means (10) for interacting with at least the first winding (61) during the accelerations caused by compression or expansion of the above balance spring (4), which are larger than the setpoints set, to change the resultant stiffness of the aforementioned balance spring (4) when at least the above-mentioned first coil (61) is locally connected to the above-mentioned braking means (10), positioned on the first inner tab (16; 19) and the second outer tab (17; 97) contained in the above-mentioned column (3) of the balance spring and/or in the above-mentioned shoe (9), which includes a first inner tab (96) and The second outer tongue (97), each of which includes the above-mentioned brake means (10).EFFECT: increasing the reliability.19 cl, 5 dwg

Clock rotor // 2618442
FIELD: physics, clock.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a rotor for use in a clockwork with self-winding. Given rotor comprises a basic part (1) made of composite material and elements (9) of heavy metal. The main part includes an inner portion (5) and a peripheral portion (3), wherein the peripheral portion has holes with heavy metal elements set in.EFFECT: document describes structure of clock rotor.11 cl, 5 dwg

Clock balance shock-proof spring // 2616895
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: shock-proof mechanism (1) for the adjustment clock mechanism (100) comprising a balance spring (2) with a strip (20) wound with a number of turns (3); the inner turn (4) is fastened to the sleeve (6) having a common axis with the aforementioned balance spring (2) with respect to the rotary axis (D), and the outer turn (5) is fixed to the fixing element (7). At least, one turn (3) of the balance spring (2) includes, at least, one finger (8) connected with this turn (3) and moving without any contact during nominal stretching or compressing the balance spring (2) in the movement restriction groove (10) contained in the flange (11) of the mechanism (1), and this groove (10) is designed to restrict the finger movement (8) relative to the rotary axis (D), when the sleeve rotation angle (6) exceeds the predetermined nominal value.EFFECT: increasing the reliability.14 cl, 14 dwg