Ignition, other than compression ignition, for internal-combustion engines and testing of ignition timing in compression-ignition engines (F02P)

F02P              Ignition, other than compression ignition, for internal-combustion engines; testing of ignition timing in compression-ignition engines (specially adapted for rotary-piston or oscillating-piston engines f02b0053120000; ignition of combustion apparatus in general, glowing plugs f23q; measuring of physical variables in general g01; controlling in general g05; data processing in general g06; electrical components in general, see section hsparking plugs h01t)(1160)
F02P19 - Other ignition(45)
F02P19 - Other ignition(45)
F02P23 - Other ignition(35)

ethod of operation of drive on leading wheels (versions) and vehicle // 2640433
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method of operation of the drive on the leading wheels includes the stages at which the engine rotation is stopped and a regenerative braking is provided by driving on the leading wheels. Then regenerative braking is switched to providing a positive torque to the drive on the leading wheels and the starter/generator integrated into the drive on the leading wheels is actuated in the rotation speed control mode during the switching. Also, the torque converter clutch slip is increased when switching from the regenerative braking to the providing a positive torsion torque to the drive on the leading wheels.EFFECT: failure of the torsion torque is eliminated.19 cl, 48 dwg

Engine operation method (versions), engine control system // 2640146
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: in one of the examples, the method of engine operation is disclosed comprising adjusting an actuator for the first time to automatically stop the engine; adjustment of the actuating mechanism for the second time before the engine reaches the zero rpm speed in response to the request to restart the engine; and adjusting throttle position of air intake at the time after closing the open intake valve of a cylinder having an open intake valve simultaneously with the request to restart the engine, and before closing the intake valve of the cylinder following in the combustion order in the engine in response to the request to restart the engine.EFFECT: acceleration of engine starting after shutting down, reduction of fuel and emissions.20 cl, 5 dwg

System and method for engine control // 2638699
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: methods for blowing condensate from boost air cooler to engine intake along with the reduction of the misfiring events associated with the intake of water are proposed. During the blowing, the ignition timing setting is adjusted based on the amount of condensate blown per cycle. The ignition timing is set differently when the condensate is blown during the depression of the accelerator pedal as opposed to the proactive cleaning procedure.EFFECT: increased efficiency of combustion in engine.20 cl, 11 dwg

Control device for internal combustion engine // 2638228
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: control device for internal combustion engine comprises a detonation control system, a cooling system and an electronic control unit. The detonation control system is arranged to calculate the value of ignition angle correction according to the presence or absence of detonation in the internal combustion engine so that the amount of ignition angle correction is updated in the direction of increase when detonation occurs and updated in the direction of decrease when no detonation occur. The detonation control system is configured for calculating the ignition angle based on the value of the ignition angle correction and igniting the spark plug of internal combustion engine at the ignition angle obtained by ignition angle delay in response to detonation occurrence. The cooling system is designed for cooling the internal combustion engine. The electronic control unit is arranged to supply a control value corresponding to the target value of the cooling parameter to the cooling system. The cooling system performs cooling of the internal combustion engine according to the control value. The electronic control unit is configured to adjust the control value based on the ignition angle correction value so that when the ignition angle correction value is increased, the correction value for correcting the control value is increased by the correction value in the direction in which the cooling capacity of the cooling system is increased. The cooling system of the internal combustion engine includes a first cooling system which primarily cools the cylinder block of the internal combustion engine, and a second cooling system which primarily cools the inlet periphery. The first cooling system and the second cooling system, respectively, include coolant flow channels independent from each other. The electronic control unit is configured to supply the control value to the second cooling system.EFFECT: prevention of detonation occurrence by controlling both the ignition angle and temperature of cooling water.10 cl, 11 dwg

ethod for supercharged engine (versions) // 2637800
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method for supercharged engine consists in cooling air upstream from the engine by means of a supercharging air cooler. During increase or decrease of condensate level in the supercharging air cooler, an ignition timing adjustment of initial setting based on environmental humidity is performed to the final setting based on change of condensate level. Invention discloses versions of described method for supercharged engine.EFFECT: engine detonation limitation.19 cl, 11 dwg

ethod of engine state determining and cam profile detection system // 2635543
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: system and methods of determining the involved cam profile from several cam profiles are proposed. The system and methods can be applied to determine how to control the actuator of the engine torque transfer and to indicate a decrease in the efficiency of the cam profile switching system.EFFECT: determination of the cam profile, which allows to adjust the engine torque actuators in a required way.20 cl, 8 dwg

ethod and system for operation of compression-ignition diesel engine // 2635174
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method of operation of a compression-ignition diesel engine comprises the following steps: to keep the state of the glow plug in response to rapidly following one after another stops and engine starts determined by a drop of an engine temperature. Activation of the glow plug is prevented after engine warm-up conditions in response to the engine which is subsequently automatically stopped and automatically starts for a predetermined period of time and selectively activates the mesh air intake heater which heats the contents coming into the engine cylinder in addition in response to the request of the automatic start of the engine, the glow plug is deactivated in response to the engine temperature and the mesh air intake heater is deactivated after deactivating the glow plug.EFFECT: reduction of wear of glow plugs and improvement of emissions of an automatically started engine.8 cl, 4 dwg
Laser spark plug // 2634972
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: laser spark plug comprises a housing, an insulator, a microchip laser mounted in a cavity inside the insulator, an optical window, a focusing lens and a target installed in the prechamber with multiple output holes entering it at an angle, wherein the target is set at the central fairing installed coaxially with the axis of the laser spark plug, and on the side wall of the central fairing swirl vanes are mounted. A laser spark plug may comprise an additional optical window with a protective cavity between the optical window and an additional optical window. The microchip laser is mounted on the shock absorber. On the insulator, on the side of the inner cavity, a metallized coating contacting the housing may be applied.EFFECT: increased operation life of the laser spark plugs by preventing contamination of the optics and the laser beam outlet.4 cl, 6 dwg

Laser ignition system and laser ignition plug // 2634301
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: laser ignition system contains a power source connected by low voltage wires through a switch with a high voltage unit that is connected by a high voltage wire to a distributor whose output is connected by an isolated high voltage wire to a laser ignition plug containing a laser source. The system contains a low-voltage distributor, the distributor and the low-voltage distributor are connected by a synchronization device, the laser ignition plug contains a preignition chamber with a cavity formed by an end bottom, a side wall and a conical wall in the form of a frustum of a cone in which outlets are made, the internal electrode is connected to the outlet of the distributor, and a microchip laser is connected to the power source via the low-voltage distributor. The laser ignition plug comprises a laser source and a focusing lens protected by an optical glass, characterized in that at the input of the preignition chamber an internal electrode is set, comprising at least one hole for the laser beam passing. The internal electrode can be connected by a high-voltage wire with a distributor.EFFECT: reducing the size of the igniter and increasing the efficiency of the spark discharge and the reliability of the ignition.17 cl, 15 dwg

Device for laser ignition of fuel-air mixture in internal combustion engine // 2634300
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: device for laser ignition of fuel-air mixture in an internal combustion engine has a laser plug having a metal body, an insulator and an optical fibre passing along the axis of the spark plug and connected to pumping unit, installed inside the plug, and a focusing lens. The focusing lens is made with the possibility of axial movement, an annular cavity is made between the insulator and the optical fibre, in which the holder is mounted, on the end of which there is a focusing lens, and the holder is connected to its relocator connected to the pulse generator, the relocator is made in the form of a piezoelectric element, the piezoelectric element is connected to the pulse generator by means of electric connections through an additional electrode and an insert, the device additionally contains a control unit connected to the pump unit and to the pulse generator by electric connections.EFFECT: improved completeness of fuel combustion due to its ignition in volume and reduction of emissions of harmful substances.12 dwg

Controller for internal combustion engine // 2633208
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: controller for an internal combustion engine (ICE) includes a crankshaft (CR) angle detector and an electronic control unit (ECU). The ECU is configured to: (a) calculate the burning mass fraction; (B) obtain the CR angle, which is determined by the CR angle detector when the burning mass fraction reaches a predetermined burning mass fraction, as the specified CR angle; and (c) control at least one of the injected fuel volume, the intake air volume or the ignition energy based on the first difference. The first difference is the difference between the first parameter and the second parameter. The first parameter is the period of the change in the CR angle from the ignition time to the specified CR angle or the correlation value of the period of change in the CR angle. The second parameter is the target value of the period of the change in the CR angle or the target value of the correlation value.EFFECT: optimisation of fuel-air mixture control and combustion process in the internal combustion engine.22 cl, 17 dwg

Start locking circuit in operating tool with internal combustion engine // 2629106
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: start locking circuit is designed for an operating tool with an internal combustion engine (20). The internal combustion engine (20) contains a cylinder (21) with a combustion chamber (25) and a control unit (60) to provide the engine operation. When the engine is running the combustion chamber (25) is supplied with combustion air and fuel, wherein the air-fuel mixture in the combustion chamber (25) is ignited with an ignition plug (26). A mode selection switch is designed for actuating the internal combustion engine (20) and has an operating position and a starting position for air-fuel enrichment. The braking unit (19) for locking is coupled with the tool operating body. When in the operating mode, the braking unit (19) for locking locks the operating body with a brake, and when in a standby condition, it unlocks the operating body without actuating the braking system. An operation transmitter is connected with the braking unit (19) for locking to detect the operating mode of the locking braking unit. There is a position sensor in the mode selection switch. The status signal for the operation transmitter (19) of the locking braking unit and the status signal for the position sensor of the mode selection switch are interconnected in such a way that the control unit (60) stops the engine operation in all cases when the mode selection switch is in the starting position, and the locking braking unit (19) is in its standby condition with the braking system off.EFFECT: avoidance of the engine start with rich mixture without switching the locking braking unit on, as the locking braking unit locks and brakes the tool operating body.12 cl, 5 dwg

ulti-cylinder internal combustion engine (ice) // 2628244
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: multi-cylinder internal combustion engine is proposed, comprising a plurality of intake ports, a plurality of injectors of fuel injection into the cylinder, and an electronic control unit. The electronic control unit is designed to initially set the value of the control parameter of the multi-cylinder engine, separately for each of the cylinders, so that there is a general pattern between the distribution of the difference in the control parameter value for each of the cylinders from the control parameter value for the reference cylinder between the cylinders and the distribution of the remoteness difference of a narrowed section in each of the cylinders from the remoteness of a narrowed section in the reference cylinder between the cylinders. The control parameter is a parameter which determines the air-fuel mixture ratio near the spark plug at the time of ignition during a combustion mode with a layered fuel charge distribution.EFFECT: ensuring the same fuel-air ratio in the mixture near the spark plug at the moment of ignition in all cylinders.6 cl, 16 dwg

ethod of controlling capacitor ignition unit with induction coil as part of ignition system // 2628224
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: method for controlling an ignition capacitor with an induction coil as part of an ignition system, which consists in measuring the time interval between consecutive pulses of the discharging current of the storage capacitor to the spark plug, simultaneously with measuring the time interval between consecutive pulses of the discharge current of the storage capacitor to the spark plug during the ignition system operation, measuring the average value of the current consumed by the ignition unit, detecting the short-term increase in the average value of the current consumed and the subsequent increase in the current value of the time interval between the consecutive pulses of the discharge current of the storage capacitor to the spark plug; in the presence of the short-term increase of the average value of the current consumed by the ignition unit and the subsequent increase in time interval between the consecutive pulses of the discharge current of the storage capacitor to the spark plug, decision to replace the ignition unit is made.EFFECT: increasing the depth of the efficiency control of ignition units of capacitor ignition systems of aircraft engines in order to ensure their operation according to their technical condition and to reduce the costs for supporting the life cycle of the engine during the operation phase.5 dwg

ethods for laser ignition and measurement // 2628107
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method comprises driving the laser ignition device in the engine cylinder and identifying the engine position in response thereto; and ignition of a mixture of air and fuel in the cylinder by means of a laser ignition device.EFFECT: increased efficiency of starting a hybrid vehicle engine.19 cl, 13 dwg

Ignition control system for internal combustion engine // 2627041
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: electronic control unit (ECU) (40) provides the ignition signal Si to the ignition device (30) via the ignition transmission line (Li) and outputs the discharge pulse shape control signal Sc with logic value H through the pulse shape control signal transmission line (Lc). The ignition device (30) performs the operation of closing the ignition switch (60) in the time interval during which the ignition signal Si is output. In the time interval for inputting the discharge pulse shape control signal Sc after stopping the input of the ignition signal Si, the ignition device (30) controls the electric current, flowing through the primary winding (52) by the opening-closing operation of the control switching element (80). When the voltage of the pulse shape control signal transmission line Lc is logical value of H in the time interval for stopping the supply of the discharge pulse shape control signal Sc, the ECU (40) determines that the pulse shape control signal transmission line (Lc) is faulty and performs the fault-tolerant process.EFFECT: detection of a fault in the transmission line of the pulse shape control signal, which transmits the control signal of the discharge pulse form.4 cl, 12 dwg

Ignition method of fuel mixture in internal combustion engine with laser optic discharge and aviation laser spark plug // 2626465
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aviation spark plugs, wherein an optical pulse discharge is used for igniting the fuel mixture "kerosene + air", wherein the laser radiation energy is concentrated in a predetermined focus F. Aviation laser spark plug comprises a laser machine consisting of a power supply unit (1) and a radiator unit (2), radiating energy in the form of a laser beam (3), an optical fibre (4), a cylindrical body (5) consisting of the component parts: (7, 8, 9, 10, 11), through which a channel (6) moves to pass energy in a form of the laser beam 3, a diverging lens (12) with a sealing ring (13), a focusing lens (14) with a sealing ring (15), material (16) with a low coefficient of expansion and a sealing ring (17).EFFECT: energy concentration of the optical discharge at a predetermined focus and increased reliability of ignition of kerosene-air fuel mixture by reducing the probability of optical-induced breakdown in the long channel of the laser plug.4 cl, 1 dwg

ulti-cylinder internal combustion engine and method of multi-cylinder internal combustion engine actuation // 2623353
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: internal combustion engine is provided with at least one cylinder block head which is connected to the cylinder block at the mounting surface. The cylinder block comprises four cylinders (2a), (2b) arranged in a row along the longitudinal axis (10) of the cylinder block head. Each cylinder (2a), (2b) has at least one outlet port (3) for discharging exhaust gases from the cylinder (2a), (2b) through the exhaust system (1). Exhaust gases pipe (4) is attached at each outlet port (3). The cylinders' (2a), (2b) exhaust gases pipes are joined step-like in an integrated exhaust gases pipe (6). The exhaust system (1) opens onto the outer side (8) of the cylinder block head. There are two segments (9a) of the outer wall, each of the segments partially separates from each other at least one exhaust pipe (4) of the outer cylinder (2a) and at least one exhaust pipe (4) of the adjacent inner cylinder (2b). The segments (9a) protrude to the exhaust system (1), spread farther toward the outer side (8) of the cylinder block head perpendicular to the longitudinal axis (10) of the cylinder block head than the segment (9b) of the inner wall. The segment (9b) of the inner wall partly separates the exhaust pipes (4) of the two inner cylinders (2b) from each other. The segment (9b) of the inner wall protrudes to the exhaust system (1) so that the exhaust pipes (4) of the two innermost cylinders (2b) are joined in a partial exhaust pipe (5) before this partial exhaust pipe (5) and the exhaust pipes (4) of the two outermost cylinders (2a) are joined in the integrated exhaust pipe (6). Invention discloses the ICE actuation method.EFFECT: elimination or diminution of the mutual influence of the cylinders during pressure charging change.16 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for starting the engine (variants) and engine starting system attached to the transmission // 2622344
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: engine start process comprises feeding a substantially constant mass of air in the engine after increasing the engine speed to a predetermined condition. Shall regulate the ignition timing for the issuance of the torque to reach the required number of engine idle speed the introduction of the engine substantially constant air mass. Provides ignition timing advance in the installation direction to install the minimum ignition angle for maximum torque (MT) in response to an increase in the engine torque when administered at a substantially constant engine air mass. Embodiment of the method of the engine start and the engine start system are disclosed.EFFECT: optional limit fuel consumption and exhaust gas temperature limit.20 cl, 5 dwg

Control method of forced ignition advance in internal combustion engine // 2620599
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses, in particular, the method of forced ignition control (15) of the internal combustion engine (1), including the following steps: to implement the forced ignition of the internal combustion engine with the first specified value of the ignition advance; to define the second specified value of the ignition advance for the application; to implement the forced internal combustion engine ignition with intermediate values of the ignition advance, varying in progression law from the first specified value to the second specified value, wherein the pitch between two consequent intermediate values is determined depending on the immediate engine speed, so that the pitch increases, if the number of rotations is reduced.EFFECT: reduction of the abrupt torque change in the transitional work phase between the first and the second values of the ignition advance.2 cl, 4 dwg

Fuel injection control method and system // 2620252
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the control method of fuel injection in an internal combustion engine (ICE). The injection control method is suggested comprising the following operation: use of at least first set map (8) of composition of fuel-air mixture and determination of first ratio of components of fuel-air mixture (AFR1) based on at least one work parameter of the engine, and at least first set map (8) of composition of the fuel-air mixture; determination of second ratio of components of the fuel-air mixture (AFR2), that by first constant value (34) is corrected relatively to AFR1, determination whether first operation mode or second operation mode, fuel injection control is selected according AFR1, when at requested fuel consumption ratio of components of the air-fuel mixture is below AFR1, and first operation mode is selected; or, as alternative, fuel injection control according to AFR2, when at current requested fuel consumption the ratio of components of the air-fuel mixture is below AFR2, and second operation mode is selected.EFFECT: invention ensures economic operation mode of the internal combustion engine.21 cl, 5 dwg

Engine control procedure and engine system // 2619438
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: according to one example, the current which is provided to the glow plug can be controlled so as to contribute to the stability of combustion in the cylinder after the engine starts . Emissions of the hydrocarbons with the engine exhaust gases can be reduced, provided the stability of combustion in the cylinders.EFFECT: improvement of the engine perfomance in the light-load conditions and reduction of toxic emissions after the engine reaches the heated state by providing an opportunity for the engine to delay the ignition phase while maintaining stability of combustion in the engine cylinders.13 cl, 11 dwg

Engine operating process (versions) and system // 2616727
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: total cylinder air consumption is adjusted during blow-off by means of the oxygen sensor. The mount of air entrapped by the cylinder and the amount of the cylinder purge air are regulated on the basis of the adjusted total cylinder air consumption.EFFECT: reduction in the toxity of exhaust gases due to more accurate determination of the air amount involved in combustion in the cylinder by reducing sensitivity between cylinder air consumption and the fuel supplied for combustion estimates.20 cl, 6 dwg

Aircraft engines capacitive ignition system control device // 2614388
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of transport and can be used for combustible mixtures ignition by means of electric spark, in particular in capacitive ignition systems for ignition system control, installed on aircraft engine, for ignition system technical condition evaluation in intervals between aircraft engines start-ups. Aircraft engines capacitive ignition system control device includes discharge current sensor, comparator, discharge current amplitude voltage check value setting device, time interval meter, actuator. Discharge current sensor output is connected to comparator first input, discharge current amplitude voltage check value setting device output is connected to comparator second input. Time interval meter output is connected to actuator. Control device additionally includes ambient environment pressure measuring transducer, containing serially connected ambient environment pressure sensor, amplifier, ambient environment pressure control voltage setting device, second comparator, univibrator, logical device "AND". Ambient environment pressure measuring transducer output is connected to second comparator first input. Ambient environment pressure control voltage setting device output is connected to second comparator second input, comparator output is connected to univibrator input, which output and second comparator output is connected to logical device "AND", by output connected to time interval meter input.EFFECT: technical result is increasing of aircraft engines capacitive ignition system serviceability control reliability.1 cl, 1 dwg

System and method of ignition for internal combustion engine // 2614310
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to internal combustion engines (ICE), particularly to ignition systems, and can be used in the engine-building industry, and, in particular, in the automotive industry. The ignition of a combustion engine (1) includes circuitry (47) for generating the superimposed voltage, which, after the initiation of the discharge by applying a secondary winding of the discharge voltage, applies a superimposed voltage between the electrodes of the plug (29) of ignition in the same direction as the discharge voltage, to continue the discharge current and discharge cash performs ranging discharge activation superimposed with a high degree of exhaust gas recirculation. After switching from the activation range superimposed discharge with high exhaust gas recirculation range deactivation superimposed discharge with a low degree of exhaust gas recirculation occurs deactivation delay imposed on the discharge time delay T. Although the degree of exhaust gas recirculation, temporarily increased with a decrease in the intake of air control, valve after closing the exhaust gas recirculation, cash discharge continues for the delay time T to avoid interruption of ignition.EFFECT: ignition system, which increases the reliability of the ignition.12 cl, 17 dwg

Ignition control system for internal combustion engine // 2612654
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the transport area and may be used in ignition systems. Within the ignition control system for an internal combustion engine, ECU gives a signal of ignition Si to an ignition device via a line of ignition data transmission. The ignition device performs an operation of closing of an ignition-switching component at a time interval, during which the signal of ignition Si is given. ECU gives a signal Sc of control of a discharge pulse form into a line of data transmission for control of a discharge pulse form at a moment of time, which is delayed by a preset delay interval with respect to a moment of an ignition signal Si injection. Within the time interval of an input of a signal Sc of control of a discharge pulse form after termination of an input ignition signal Si, the ignition device, with the help of an opening-closing operation of the ignition-switching component, sets an electric current running via the primary coil; this current is equal to a prescribed value of a discharge current set in dependence on the above-said delay interval.EFFECT: ignition control system for an internal combustion engine allows reducing energy consumption simultaneously maintaining ignition parameters.5 cl, 11 dwg

Diesel engine ignition system and laser sparking plug // 2612188
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: diesel engine ignition system includes a high-pressure fuel pump and installed in each cylinder fuel injector and sparking plug, connected to the ignition distributor cable. Sparking plugs are made laser with the laser source and the focusing lens, containing the prechamber with fuel supply channel, which is arranged coaxially to the laser source. The high pressure fuel pump is connected to a tube supplying fuel supply channel of each sparking plug. The fuel supply channel into the prechamber can be formed between two tubes: inner and outer. The inner and/or outer tube can be made of a material with high thermal conductivity. The inner and/or outer tube can be made of an alloy, containing copper. The inner and / or outer tube can be made of an alloy, containing the precious metals.EFFECT: increase of the capacity and reliability of the sparking ignition engine with improved cooling.6 cl, 2 dwg

Engine system and method of controlling engine operation (versions) // 2611550
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: disclosed invention relates to power engineering, namely, to engine control method using glow plug, as well as to engine system. Disclosed is engine (10) control method, according to which performing burning in engine (10) cylinder and enabling combustion phase delay in cylinder, as well as performing increase of current, supplied to cylinder glow plug (68), depending on catalyst (70) temperature and engine (10) temperature. Also disclosed are engine control method and engine system.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce amount of hydrocarbons emission from engine, increase combustion stability in engine, increase efficiency of catalyst and emissions toxicity reducing devices regeneration.18 cl, 11 dwg

ethod of controlling aircraft engines capacitive ignition system // 2608888
FIELD: engines and pumps, devices for fuel combustion.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ignition of combustible mixtures by means of electric spark, particularly to capacitive ignition units, and can be used to control ignition systems installed on the engine. Method of controlling an aircraft engines capacitive ignition system involves measurement of a time interval between sequential reservoir capacitor discharge current pulses running to the spark plug and caused solely by switching of power stored at the said capacitor and exceeding the preset check magnitude, measured time interval between the said reservoir capacitor discharge current pulses is compared with the preset time interval describing the allowable minimum repetition frequency of spark discharges in the plug spark gap characterized by that during operation of the ignition system measured is ambient pressure in the volume, where the working end of the plug is arranged, caused by effect on the medium of the spark discharge on the plug working end caused by switching to the plug of the stored at the storage capacitor energy exceeding the preset reference value, serviceability of the ignition system is determined by the measured pressure of the preset reference value.EFFECT: higher reliability of controlling an aircraft engines capacitive ignition system.1 cl, 1 dwg

Control over engine in response to premature ignition (versions) // 2608787
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles engines. Engine control method, in which suppression of premature ignition in cylinder is carried out based on parameter change rate in time, describing air charge in cylinder. Suppression includes fuel mix enrichment only of such cylinder, where premature ignition is detected if parameter change rate exceeds threshold value. Also, mixture in other cylinders is enriched, if parameter change rate is below threshold value. In another version presence of premature ignition sign is generated of steady-state mode in cylinder at first and second states, when sensor output signal exceeds first threshold level. Also performing premature ignition detection threshold correction for first cylinder based on air charge in first cylinder change rate.EFFECT: premature ignition is prevented.23 cl, 8 dwg

Device of internal combustion engine fuel properties determining // 2606963
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to internal combustion engine fuel properties determining device. Disclosed isdevice for engine with electronic control unit (ECU), which is configured for (i) feedback control, wherein engine speed is reduced to preset speed during ignition advance correction at feedback control, (ii) determination of fuel properties whether it is heavy fuel, when ignition performance coefficient is equal to or exceeds preset threshold value during preset time interval after engine starting, wherein ignition performance coefficient is ratio of ignition advance correction value to maximum range of ignition correction, where ignition correction maximum range is correction range maximum value, in which ignition advance is corrected during feedback control, and (iii) setting threshold value equal to value, which depends on engine temperature characteristic value, where temperature characteristic value is correlated with engine temperature.EFFECT: technical result is more accurate determination of whether fuel supplied to engine, is heavy fuel, even at low temperatures.5 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of starting the engine (versions) and vehicle engine starting system with hybrid drive // 2606160
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improvement of driving properties of a vehicle. Method for starting an engine includes starting an engine with the first electric machine at the required torque consumption less than the threshold value; starting the engine with the second electric machine at the required torque consumption exceeding the threshold value; supplying the torque sufficient for rotation of wheels, exclusively by the first electric machine at selected operating conditions and disconnecting the second electric machine from the engine when the engine speed reaches the threshold speed of rotation. Threshold values may vary depending on the speed of rotation of the first electric machine. Engine start system for a motor vehicle with hybrid drive comprises starter, double mass flywheel, drive disengagement clutch to drive wheels, built-in drive to drive wheels starter/generator and controller.EFFECT: improved riding qualities and reduced fuel consumption.10 cl, 48 dwg

Device of internal combustion engine fuel properties determining // 2604642
FIELD: fuel.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to internal combustion engine fuel type or properties determining device. Disclosed is internal combustion engine fuel properties determining device, equipped with ignition plug and ignition advance controller. Electronic control unit, located in fuel properties determining device, performs process of determining, performing determining properties of fuel supplied to internal combustion engine based on ignition sufficiency coefficient during preset time interval after internal combustion engine starting. Electronic control unit is made with possibility to determine that, fuel is heavy when determining index value produced by ignition sufficiency coefficient processing in procedure of smoothing, is equal to or exceeds specified threshold value. Electronic control unit is made with possibility to establish smoothing coefficient equal to value, corresponding to its value for each of periods: first period, second period and third period.EFFECT: technical result is more accurate determination even at low temperatures, if fuel, supplied to internal combustion engine, is heavy fuel.5 cl, 7 dwg

ethod for engine // 2603202
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of vehicle engine control to reduce the event of premature ignition. Forced supply of residual gases from cylinder performing late combustion to the adjacent cylinder can be detected on the basis of engine block vibration detected while exhaust valve of cylinder performing late combustion is open. In response to the supply of residual gases inhibiting premature ignition action such as fuel enrichment or output of the operation is performed in an adjacent cylinder.EFFECT: method for late ignition reducing caused by events of premature ignition in the cylinder is proposed.11 cl, 7 dwg

Engine control method (versions) and engine system // 2596019
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to methods and systems for vehicle engine control to reduce pre-ignition events. In response to a late burn combustion event in a cylinder, ignition coil dwell time is extended in the cylinder to reduce unintended combustion delays. In addition, pre-ignition mitigating actions are performed in a neighboring cylinder that may be prone to pre-ignition induced by the late combustion event.EFFECT: technical result: temporary increase of power of burn induced cylinder that uses ignition delay, and lesser engine operation deterioration caused by pre-ignition.18 cl, 4 dwg

System for cylinder head, assembly coil on spark plugs for internal combustion engine and engine system // 2589883
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines. System for a cylinder head has cover (202) of gas distribution mechanism mounted on cylinder head. System comprises oil separator (208) and individual coil (204) on spark plug connected to oil separator (208) by latch (210). Invention also discloses an individual coil unit on a spark plug and an engine system.EFFECT: technical is enabling use of an oil separator for fixation of individual coil on spark plug.20 cl, 7 dwg

ulti-slot optical sensor of ignition of internal combustion engine // 2588602
FIELD: mechatronics.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in ignition systems of internal combustion engines (ICE), as well as in other mechatronics systems: commutation, telemetry, automation and telemechanics distribution devices. Multi-slot optical ignition sensor of ICE comprises a stationary stator equipped with a light source in the centre and n uniformly distributed in circle photocells, and a rotating rotor, cylindrical shell of which includes mn+1 or mn-1 cutouts for direct or reverse spark formation relative to direction of the rotor rotation, respectively, where n is number of ICE cylinders, m is any natural number: m = 1, 2, 3...EFFECT: mn+1 or mn-1-fold reduction of rotor rotation frequency, corresponding mn+1 or mn-1-fold increase of time in closed state, possibility of continuous switching, as well as a higher mechanical and electrical device reliability.1 cl, 10 dwg

Engine operation method (versions) // 2586230
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method of engine operation in response to bypass flap position. In one example, method is used for controlling actuator in order to reduce probability of ignition failure in engine cylinder in response to bypass flap position. Thus, it can be possible to control engine operation to change conditions of engine operation.EFFECT: technical result is creation of reliable method of determining engine ignition failures and possibility to cross check for other methods of ignition failure detection.17 cl, 4 dwg

ulti-slot low-speed internal combustion engine ignition sensor // 2586079
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mechatronics, particularly, to contactless pickups, and can be used in ignition systems of internal combustion engines (ICE), as well as in other mechatronic systems: switching, telemetry, distribution devices for automation and telemechanics. Multi-slot low-speed ICE ignition transducer comprises stationary stator equipped with n uniformly distributed in circumferential direction sensor pairs, and a rotating rotor equipped with shielding, separating elements of sensor pairs, which includes mn+1 or mn-1 recesses for direct or reverse spark formation relative to direction of rotor rotation, where n is number of ICE cylinders, m is any natural number: m = 1, 2, 3, …EFFECT: mn+1 or mn-1-fold reduction of rotor rotation frequency, respectively, mn+1 or mn-1-fold increase in closed state time, possibility of continuous switching, higher mechanical and electrical reliability of device.3 cl, 10 dwg

Ice control procedure for allowance for fuel properties // 2584083
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: claimed invention consists in introduction of a definite measure (for example, fuel feed limitation) in case the definite ICE mode is revealed (for example, knocking). The check is performed to make sure that the fuel tank communicated with the ICE is filled. After introduction of said measure checked is whether the fuel from the fuel tank reaches the ICE after its filling and if the ICE operation in a definite mode terminates to cancel said definite measure at execution of aforesaid terms. This invention discloses the computer program products with the program code meant for execution of the claimed process at the existing ICEs with no extra hardware components.EFFECT: higher accuracy of control.4 cl, 1 dwg

Ignition system for internal combustion engines // 2581837
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: ignition system for internal combustion engines (ICE IS) relates to devices intended for ignition of fuel-air mixture in required time in cylinders or in combustion chamber of internal combustion engine. Present invention differs from ICE IS used by fact that for generation of pulse high-voltage current in ICE IS proposed is variable capacitor (VC), reduced capacity of which mechanically after charging its electrodes some initial charge excitation increases by several orders of voltage on VC electrodes and therefore converts mechanical energy of ICE (for example, energy of reciprocal movement of the piston or crankshaft) into electric energy of high-voltage discharge.EFFECT: production of spark ignition high power, which can considerably exceed power used at present analogues, value of which does not depend on operating mode and number of revolutions of internal combustion engine.13 cl

ethod of controlling gas turbine engine ignition system // 2579435
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a technique of combustible mixtures ignition using an electrical spark, in particular, to ignition systems, and can be used to control the ignition system and to evaluate their efficiency, the comparative evaluation igniting ability ignition systems in conjunction with ignition device, which are installed in the spark plug. Inventive measure the optical display of the plasma torch from the end of a candle fixed by the photoelectric sensor installed at a predetermined distance from the working face of the candles, readings of current, voltage, photocurrent recorded digital storage oscilloscope with current sensors, voltage and photocell, compare values flowing photocurrent with the given values and by comparing conclude suitability of the ignition system.EFFECT: ability to check the overall health of ignition systems, both with the fuel supply, and without it, the comparison ignition systems, forecasting the most typical failures during the design, debugging and operation, check the volume of released plasma, determination of the visible light emitted from the source, the estimation range of a spark ignition (flame length release), exercise tolerance control ignition systems.1 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of igniting air-fuel mixture and electrostatic ignition system // 2579337
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to means of ignition of fuel-air mixture mainly in internal combustion engines - ICE. Achieved technical results: higher completeness of fuel combustion in heat engines, improving its specific characteristics and reduced emission of hazardous substances. Solution of above tasks is achieved in method of ignition of fuel-air mixture containing electric power supply on ignition plug from electric power source, wherein power source is represented by static electricity sources. Solution of above tasks is achieved in radio-frequency electrostatic ignition system containing radio frequency generator and ignition plug, having metal housing, installed inside insulator, inner electrode extending along plug axis inside insulator, and outer electrode installed concentrically inside, fact that it contains source of static electricity and electronic switch, external electrode is ring with inner cavity and is electrically connected with metal casing, and inner electrode is connected high-voltage wire via electronic switch with generator of radio frequencies, which connected to source of static electricity with low-voltage wires.EFFECT: higher combustion efficiency, reduced emission of hazardous substances and reduced energy costs for ignition.19 cl, 21 dwg

Engine operation (versions) and engine system // 2578589
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to ICEs, Note here that multiple knock meters are used distributed over the engine cylinder blocks. Note also that said knock meters are adjusted dynamically to each cylinder for detection of knocking and advance ignition, proceeding from the operating modes of every cylinder to distinguish between the knocking and the advance ignition.EFFECT: determination of advance ignition.23 cl, 7 dwg

ethod for laser ignition of fuel in internal combustion engine and device therefor // 2577514
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gas compressor units (GCU) based on gas turbine engine. To achieve technical result, method is disclosed for laser ignition of fuel in internal combustion engine, which includes supply of a focused laser beam in ignition chamber containing fuel-air mix and formed by walls of cylinder and piston, laser beam performs scanning in two planes. Also disclosed is a method for operation of laser ignition plug. Disclosed also is laser ignition of fuel-air mixture in internal combustion engine comprises a laser plug with metal casing, installed inside insulator and optical fibre passing along axis of plug inside insulator with focusing lens on a working end of optical fibre and connected with pumping unit, optical fibre is made with possibility of them together with focusing lens oscillatory movement inside insulator in two planes to provide a scanning movement of laser beam.EFFECT: improving power performance of gas turbine engine, used as drive on natural gas and reduced emission of hazardous substances.8 cl, 4 dwg

Spark plug control system (versions) and spark plug control procedure // 2577036
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. It discloses the spark plug control and cleaning system. In compliance with one version, the determination of carbon-bearing soot amount on ceramics of the spark plug central electrode is executed subject to the voltage across the instrument resistor electrically connected with the spark plug. Said soot detected, claimed system can clean the spark plug to reduce the probability of engines misfires.EFFECT: decreased toxic emissions.18 cl, 6 dwg

Igniter // 2576691
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to antechamber type of internal combustion engines (ICE). This invention consists in implementing of igniter in form of antechamber equipped with laser spark-plug. Antechamber is separated from the laser spark-plug by washer with central hole, which can be made as narrowing to the output, and antechamber bottom with holes is made in form of partial sphere. Inside antechamber a target of spherical form is mounted on holder, and focus of laser spark-plug coincides with target surface. Output holes can be of radial, cylindric, or cone shape with their extensions toward outlet.EFFECT: technical results are reduced dimension and higher efficiency of igniter in order to reduce fuel consumption and emission of harmful substances, as well as improving ignition reliability.16 cl, 15 dwg

Engine operation with turbo supercharging and engine system // 2576564
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines (10). Claimed process comprises the steps whereat the first depression of accelerator compressed air is forced from the supercharging tank (54) into engine intake manifold (22) downstream of compressor (14) with the first, a smaller, spark retard. At second accelerator depression, compressed air is released from supercharging tank (54) into the engine intake manifold (22) at the second, an increased, spark retard. Invention discloses the engine system.EFFECT: smaller turbosupercharger retard by turbine acceleration in response to accelerator depression.20 cl, 4 dwg

Ice fuel mix ignition by laser optical discharge // 2575228
FIELD: motor car construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the ICE fuel mix ignition systems. Claimed process comprises the fuel mix heating and ignition by the feed of high-energy pulse from laser source and focusing of the laser beam to initiate the optical discharge. It differs from known processes in that the laser energy as high-frequency laser pulses are distributed by waveguide dividers among the cylinders, their pistons staying at TDC, and fed to the combustion chamber centres. The laser energy is switched to the engine remaining cylinders at their pistons' TDC by the electro-optical switch in response of timing unit connected with the transducer fitted at the camshaft. The laser HF pulse packet is fed in response to the timing unit signal connected with the engine camshaft transducer at spark advance subject to the engine rpm.EFFECT: higher engine efficiency, decreased harmful emissions.2 cl, 1 dwg

Internal combustion engine igniter // 2574191
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: engine igniter comprises the laser spark plug screwed in the antechamber provided with the bottom with outlets. Note here that said bottom incorporates the extra cavity composed of a part of the sphere, its ID being larger than the ignition chamber ID. Said extra cavity houses the central cowling arranged along the antechamber axis and shaped to the cone, its vertex being aligned with the extra cavity centre while laser spark plug focus being aligned with the cone vertex. Total area of said outlets can be larger than the ignition chamber cross-section area. Said extra cavity can be shaped to a hemisphere or a portion of the ball, its volume being larger than half the ball geometrical volume.EFFECT: decreased sizes, higher ignition efficiency, fuel saving, higher reliability.13 cl, 14 dwg
 
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