(F02N17)

F02N17/02 - (76)
F02N17/04 - (125)
F02N17/047 - (7)
F02N17/053 - (4)
F02N17/06 - (74)
F02N17/08 - (57)

Device for prestart warm-up of automotive ice // 2377435
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to engine production, particularly to liquid-type cooling systems. Proposed device comprises jacket, radiator, pump, silencer with pipe and thermal relay. In compliance with this invention, heat accumulator is connected to exhaust gas pipeline 3 with lengthwise axis 40 of heat exchanger 41 aligned with lengthwise axis of aforesaid pipeline 3. Note here that sealed space between two walls 43 and 44 of cylindrical heat exchanger 41 is filled with heat accumulating substance 7. Note also that ID of through channel 31 of heat exchanger 41 equals that of aforesaid pipeline 3, while outer surface of aforesaid cylindrical heat exchanger 41 stays in contact with working fluid in space 35 of heat exchanger of heat accumulator 6. Suction float 30 closes electric contacts 22 when coming in contact with diaphragm 21. Expanding tank 24 is arranged above radiator top tank cooling system jacket and heat exchanger 6. Note that inner space 35 of heat exchanger 6 communicates via float-type valve 36, pipeline 28, expanding tank 24 and metered orifice with atmosphere.EFFECT: ICE waste gas heat recovery.6 dwg

ethod to facilite ice starting at lower temperatures and device to this end // 2373423
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to engine production. Proposed device comprises camshaft, camshaft body, rockers, and valves with springs. In compliance with this invention, to rule out compression inside cylinders during certain period, proposed device comprises plate with stops-limiters arranged to move forced by torsion drive rod and to limit camshaft valve axial travel during drive rod turn. Note that aforesaid stops-limiters extend into operating or non-operated position separately driven by a spring, while the number of stops-limiters corresponds or does not correspond to that of intake and discharge valves. Proposed method comprises preliminary heating of oil with the help of device that rules out compression in cylinders. Aforesaid device comprises plate with stops-limiters arranged to move forced by torsion drive rod and to limit camshaft valve axial travel during drive rod turn. Note that aforesaid stops-limiters extend into operating or non-operated position separately driven by a spring, while the number of stops-limiters corresponds or does not correspond to that of intake and discharge valves.EFFECT: reduced useless load in starting.2 cl, 5 dwg

iniature tps gas-piston plant starting system // 2366826
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering, particularly to operation of miniature thermal power station (TPS) incorporating piston-type ICE to start TPS gas-piston plant. Starting system comprises starter representing gear-type hydraulic motor articulated with the ICE crankshaft, oil feed system comprising shut-off valves and pipelines, i.e. suction, pressure, return and drain lines. Aforesaid starter represents ICE standard lubrication system pump. Starter is driven by hydraulic pump representing electrically driven purge pump fitted on suction pipeline communicating with pressure pipeline. Bypass pipeline with shut-off valve is arranged at the hydraulic motor and hydraulic pump. Shut-off valves are fitted on return and pressure lines, two ahead of and behind the hydraulic motor. Drain and suction pipelines are connected between aforesaid pipelines, ahead of and behind the hydraulic motor at bypass pipeline outlet.EFFECT: higher reliability, reduced weight and overall dimensions.1 dwg

System for cooling and pre-start heating of engine and suspension of transport vehicle // 2366581
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: system comprises autonomous circuit of cooling and pre-start heating of traction engine, which includes the first radiator, the first pump, the first box of thermostats, cooling jacket of traction engine block of cylinders, boiler of pre-start heater, the third pump. System also comprises autonomous circuit of cooling for unit of hydraulic shock absorbers, including the second radiator, the second pump, cooling jacket of hydraulic shock absorbers unit. System is additionally equipped by three-way slide valve, which receives control signal from cooling fluid temperature detector. Inlet of three-way slide vale is hydraulically connected to discharge of the third pump. The first outlet of three-way slide valve is hydraulically connected to inlet of the first box of thermostats. The second outlet of three-way slide valve is hydraulically connected to the second inlet of the second thermostat box. The first inlet of the second thermostat box is hydraulically connected to discharge of the second pump. The first and second outlet of the second thermostat box is hydraulically connected to cooling jacket of hydraulic shock absorber unit and the second radiator accordingly. Inlet of pre-start heater boiler has hydraulic connections to both autonomous circuits.EFFECT: stability of external characteristics of hydraulic shock absorbers and lower probability of shock absorber failure.1 dwg

Prestart heater // 2362901
FIELD: automotive industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, in particular, to heaters operating on fluid fuel, and can be used in production and operation of automotive vehicles. The proposed prestart heater comprises combustion chamber, nozzle arrange inside the said chamber, solenoid valve to feed fuel into the said nozzle, solenoid valve switch, ignition device, ignition spark-plug connected to the said ignition device and arranged inside aforesaid combustion chamber, ignition device switch, relay with NC-contacts connected in parallel with solenoid valve switch coupled with ignition device switch for synchronous cutting in/out, two isolated electrodes arranged inside aforesaid combustion chamber, in the nozzle flame area. In compliance with this invention, proposed heater additionally comprises DC amplifier, capacitor and resistor, both connected in parallel to amplifier input and with one of the electrodes and ground. The second electrode is connected with power supply. Electromagnetic relay winding is connected in series with the amplifier output transistor.EFFECT: higher stability of operation at various temperatures, safe operation.1 dwg
ethod for pre-start-up heating of internal combustion engine // 2361108
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method for pre-start-up heating of internal combustion engine is based on heating of liquid coolant in heater and its forced pumping with circulation pump via heated circuit of engine. Heating of liquid coolant is carried out in vortex liquid heater combined with circulation pump, and circulation pump drive is executed with air micro-turbine, which is supplied with compressed air from receiver.EFFECT: acceleration of pre-start-up engine heating process, reduction of heat losses.

Automobile generator of autonomous heat // 2358146
FIELD: engines and pumps; transportation.SUBSTANCE: automobile generator of autonomous heat comprises combustion chamber connected to system of air supply, and heat exchanger connected to system of cooling liquid supply, glow plug. Combustion chamber via nozzle is connected to system of fuel supply. Fuel used is flammable gas under pressure. Inside combustion chamber fuel heater is installed along perimetre. Fuel heater is arranged in the form of tube and is connected to nozzle. Diffuser is installed inside combustion chamber. At the inlet of combustion chamber there is metering valve.EFFECT: increased efficiency factor, simplified design of device, control of gas-air mixture quality and prevention of its burning cession in combustion chamber due to detonation in start-up period, provision of efficiency and reliability of ignition.2 cl, 1 dwg

Heat accumulator (versions) // 2353795
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to heat accumulators intended for accumulation, storage and area of heat during start-up of internal combustion engine cooling system. Heat accumulator comprises tank, nozzles for coolant inlet and outlet, at that in heat-insulated tank with cooling liquid of engine cooling system, two return float heat insulation valves are installed, being connected by rod to each other and stem. According to the second version, return float heat-insulated valves connected by rod to each other and to stem are arranged in the form of separate unit installed in heat-insulated body, which is connected to heat-insulated tank with cooling liquid of engine cooling system. In order to provide for forced circulation of liquid, electric pump is provided.EFFECT: simplification of heat accumulator design, increased efficiency of its operation and convenience of application.2 dwg

System of ice warming-up and automotive passenger compartment heating // 2350775
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: proposed system of ICE warming-up and automotive passenger compartment heating comprises the following components, i.e. cooling fluid, engine pump, heater, heating unit with electrically-driven pump, check valves, cocks, temperature gauges and channels. One of the channels communicating the said pump outlet with the heating unit valve inlet accommodates an appliance to shut-off the channel allowing stepwise control of the fluid flow rate. Note here that the said appliance represents valve comprising body, spring-loaded control valve with drive electrically connected with the temperature gauge. The said drive shaft has cam with its convex camber being in contact with the control valve upper end face, as well as and inlet and outlet pipelines. Note also that, between the body and spring-loaded control valve arranged is inlet chamber communicating with the inlet pipeline and outlet chamber communicating with the outlet pipeline.EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability thanks to higher accuracy of control over fluid flow rate by shutting off channel.2 dwg

Hydraulic device for cooling down equipment // 2347082
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention is designed to control water temperature in the equipment cooling circuit and can be used in power engineering. The proposed hydraulic device incorporates a heat exchanger and additionally a water heater allowing maintaining the water temperature of up to +35°C and not below a preset level, during the equipment downtime irrespective of the time of year. Note that the said water heater comprises a steam-water heater and multipurpose valves.EFFECT: keeping equipment safe and sound at low ambient temperatures.1 dwg

System of prestarting heating of internal combustion engine with forced circulation of liquid coolant // 2344314
FIELD: motors and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to machine building and may be used in internal combustion engines, in particular, in systems of engines prestarting heating. System of prestarting heating of internal combustion engine with forced circulation of liquid coolant comprises eddy heat generator as heating element combined with circulating pump, drive of which is arranged in the form of air microturbine, which is connected by pneumatic network via electromagnet valve with compressed air receiver, three-way valve is installed on inlet pipeline in the point of its connection to heated circuit of engine with the possibility of radiator circuit disconnection with thermostat in mode of engine prestarting heating and its connection in mode of engine operation, and inlet pipeline is connected to inlet of circulating pump via additionally installed electromagnet valve.EFFECT: acceleration of engine prestarting heating process and reduction of heat losses.1 dwg

Diesel fuel pre-heating device // 2342557
FIELD: heating systems, fuel.SUBSTANCE: diesel fuel pre-heating device refers to heat engineering, and namely to heat generators, and can be used in diesel motors of transport vehicles and power plants. Fluid heating device consists of a housing having an inner shell and an outer shell, inlet connection, pump, means intended for supplying and swirling the fluid flow from inner shell into the outer one, outlet connection, and swirlers located in inner shell. Inner and outer shells of housing are located coaxially relative to each other and made in the form of conic surfaces with installed leakproof bases, which are opposite directed and connected with their tops. Cavity formed by inner shell serves as a fluid flow accelerator, and the means intended for supplying and swirling the fluid flow is located before one of the bases and made in the form of a projection on a sector not less than 1/3 of diameter of inner shell cone end, whereto a cone-shaped inlet connection is installed tangentially relative to conic surface in the specified direction of fluid rotation during maximum approaching the opposite base.EFFECT: invention improves diesel fuel heating efficiency, reduces power consumption, and enhances functional capabilities by pre-heating the diesel fuel.5 cl, 2 dwg
ethod for starting up diesel engine // 2338084
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method of starting up diesel engine by direct transfer of torque to the crankshaft from the starter supplied from the storage battery with cranking the diesel crankshaft and simultaneous feed of diesel fuel into the cylinders, in compliance with this invention, comprises verifying the compliance of the diesel ICE-starting conditions, e.g. diesel engine temperature, to the engine state in igniting the fuel mix by compression. If not, the diesel engine is switched over, either automatically or manuals, into the ICE-start conditions with a forced ignition of fuel mix by an electric discharge, the diesel is cranked by the starter. At that, given the diesel acceleration and warming up, the cylinders are consecutively switched over into the ICE-start conditions with ignition initiated by compression.EFFECT: reduced power consumption, start-up and warm-up time, longer life of storage battery, higher reliability.5 cl

Automated heating system for diesel locomotives during warm idling // 2324826
FIELD: transportation, rail transport.SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to propulsion engineering, in particular, to automated heating systems of diesel locomotives during warm idling, as well as to the railway locomotive industry. The diesel locomotives have accumulator batteries, water cooling system for the diesel engine, oil and fuel systems, fuel tanks, and exhaust pipes. The invention supports the given thermal mode of the diesel engine of the locomotive, its fuel injection system and lubrication in the cold season. The system has heaters, water contours which are connected, one to the engine cooling system and the other to the oil and fuel systems of the locomotive, and has a shutoff armature for switching the cooling and heating modes. The heaters are connected to the fuel tank of the locomotive and are equipped with pumps for pumping water into the circulation contours, ventilation system for removing exhaust substances through an exhaust pipe, control sensors for the thermal mode in the cooling system, oil and fuel systems, control sensor for voltage on the accumulator batteries, which are connected through a conversion unit and voltage stabilization, to a dispatcher console. The dispatcher console has manual and automatic heating modes with units for audio and optical signalling on the console and the locomotive, and a radio signal transmitter for regular and emergency operation modes of the heaters and notification of the personnel on the station. The warning lights unit indicates the number of locomotives and operation modes of the heaters.EFFECT: support of the given thermal mode of a diesel engine of a locomotive, its fuel injection system and lubrication in the cold season.2 cl, 1 dwgid10964304
ethod of acceleration of warming up of internal combustion engine at starting and increase of efficiency of operation at disconnected cylinders // 2313678
FIELD: mechanical engineering; internal combustion engines.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in control system and at control of internal combustion engines with disconnected cylinders. Method includes cutting off fuel delivery, uniformly alternating cylinder numbers through each cycle of engine operation, measuring engine temperature, reducing output of engine cooling system pump to minimum at starting of internal combustion engine, when engine operating temperature rises to designed value, and increasing output of cooling system pump when engine temperature exceeds designed value; at partial load and idling, if engine temperature is lower than designed value, output of engine cooling system pump is reduced to minimum, and engine operates without disconnection of cylinders. When engine operating temperature rises to designed value, depending on load, engine operates without disconnection of cylinders, if load on engine is large or one cylinder is disconnected uniformly alternating number of cylinders through each cycle of engine operation if load on engine is incomplete; at engine temperature rise higher than designed value, depending on load, engine operates without disconnection of cylinders, if load on engine is large, and output of engine cooling system pump is increased to bring engine temperature to designed value or two, three cylinders are disconnected by uniformly alternating number of disconnected cylinders through each cycle of engine operation until temperature of engine attains designed value, if load on engine is incomplete.EFFECT: provision of control of engine power within wider ranges.

Device for facilitating start of internal combustion engine // 2309287
FIELD: transport engineering; devices facilitating start of internal combustion engine at low ambient temperature.SUBSTANCE: proposed device includes electric calorifier, centrifugal fan, supply and discharge air ducts which embrace closed electric calorifier-cooling jacket loop; mounted in electric calorifier body are self-controlled heating elements which are received by slots in lower part of dielectric frame and are held with clamps in its upper part. Self-controlled heating elements are made from current-conducting plates with posistors arranged in between them; posistors are tightened up with the aid of dielectric bolts.EFFECT: enhanced operational and economical efficiency in pre-start preparation of engine at low ambient temperature.2 cl, 1 dwg

Preliminary heater // 2299354
FIELD: automotive industry.SUBSTANCE: preliminary heater comprises combustion chamber, nozzle mounted inside the chamber, solenoid-operated valve for supplying fuel to the nozzle, switch of solenoid-operated valve, ignition device, spark plug connected with the ignition device and mounted in the chamber, switch of the ignition device, electromagnetic relay with normally unclosed contacts connected with the switch of the solenoid-operated valve in parallel, two insulated electrodes mounted in the combustion chamber in the zone of nozzle flame and connected with winding of the electromagnetic relay in series, and with the power source. The switch of the solenoid-operated valve is secured to the switch of the ignition device to be switched in or off synchronously.EFFECT: enhanced safety.1 dwg

System for heating air and gas delivered into internal combustion engine // 2295055
FIELD: mechanical engineering; internal combustion engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to supply systems of internal combustion engines with heating of air and fuel. Proposed system for heating air and gas delivered into internal combustion engine has housing, reducer, heater, pipelines, electric gas valve, glow plug, temperature sensors, gas amount controller and control unit. Heater is furnished with ignition system. Reducer and heater are arranged in housing provided with one outlet and two inlet branch pipes, one of which serves to take in cold air, and the other receives heated air flowing around exhaust manifold of engine. Gate installed in housing in place of connection of two inlet branch pipes provides complete or partial closing of one or other inlet branch pipe when being turned by signal from temperature sensor and control unit. Output branch pipe opens in hood space directly near inlet branch pipe through which air gets into engines.EFFECT: improved heating of air and gas.4 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of and system for warming internal combustion engine and heating saloon of vehicle // 2293207
FIELD: transport engineering.SUBSTANCE: proposed method of warming engine and heating saloon of vehicle provides accelerated and safe removal of heat by liquid heat carrier from elements of heating unit heated to temperature Т1 under conditions Тв<Т1<Тд where Тg is boiling temperature of liquid heat carrier, Тg is temperature of gases at outlet of exhaust manifold of internal combustion engine. Proposed engine warming and saloon heating system contains heating unit with heat accumulator charged by exhaust has heat. Heating unit is built into exhaust gas outlet channel and into heat carrier (TOSOL) circulation circuit. Overall dimensions and mass of heating unit are reduced owing to use of special heat insulation. Main functional operating conditions of system are pre-starting warming of cold engine and vehicle saloon, and when engine is operating, charging of heat accumulator and heating of vehicle saloon. Invention provides use of heat of exhaust gases for improving heating of saloons of vehicles of all types powered by liquid-cooled internal combustion engine and heaters built into engine cooling system.EFFECT: improved warming up of engine and heating of saloon.8 cl, 1 dwg

Device for easing starting of engine with gasoline injection // 2291984
FIELD: engine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device comprises capsule with the starting liquid, charging and safety valves, control valve connected with the capsule through the fuel pipeline for choosing the fuel during starting depending on temperature of the coolant, stop valve for preventing highly inflammable liquid to penetrate to the fuel tank. The device is mounted in the motor section and operates together with the instruments of the system for fuel supply: fuel pump with electromagnetic nozzles, inlet pipeline, fuel pressure regulator, electronic control unit, pickup for measuring speed of rotation of the crankcase of the engine, coolant temperature gage, fuel pipelines, and electrical circuits.EFFECT: reduced labor consumption for pre-operational servicing.1 cl, 1 dwg

Fuel system of diesel engine // 2291979
FIELD: engine engineering.SUBSTANCE: fuel system comprises fuel tank, filter, pump, heater for preliminary heating of the engine, nozzle secured to the head of the cylinder block, activators of the Diesel fuel, fuel pipeline with by-pass line, additional by-pass line with insert shaped into a paraboloid of rotation, and control valve mounted upstream of the nozzle. The additional by-pass line is provided with a batching valve made in block with the insert secured to the block head. The outer side of the batching valve is provided with the device made of a pressure-tight shell separated by the baffle into two sections. The first section receives metal hydride, and the second section receives the pump for supplying hydrogen to the zone of injection. The baffle has a port made of a palladium alloy. The first section receives heaters mounted at the metal hydride and port. The second section receives the pump provided with the pipeline for supplying hydrogen terminated in the zone of injection of the batching valve and sealed during pauses between injections of Diesel fuel by means of a needle that is kinematically connected with the pump for supplying hydrogen to the zone of injection.EFFECT: improved starting engine at low temperatures.2 dwg

ethod of cold starting of internal combustion piston engine // 2290530
FIELD: mechanical engineering; internal combustion engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to starting of internal combustion engines from cold. According to proposed method of starting of internal combustion piston engine from cold, engine crankshaft is cranked, and phases of intake, compression and ignition and exhaust are executed. Novelty is that intake phase is started 5 degrees before bottom dead center and lasts during 15 degrees of crankshaft turning.EFFECT: provision of quick starting of engine at low temperatures in cold weather owing to adjustment, without using of additional device and consumption f additional energy.2 dwg
Internal conbustion engine starting method // 2290529
FIELD: mechanical engineering; internal combustion engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of starting of internal combustion engines at low ambient temperatures. Proposed method comes to disconnection of gas supply and fuel feed to all cylinders, cranking the crankshaft of internal combustion engine to starting speed, periodically disconnecting and connecting and connecting gas supply and fuel feed of groups of cylinders and disconnecting crankshaft barring mechanism for starting internal combustion engine. According to proposed method, intake and/or exhaust valves are disconnected from timing gear and disconnected valves are set open and at reaching of crankshaft speed required for starting the internal combustion engine, one or more cylinders are cut in by connecting disconnected valves of cut-in cylinder to timing gear, fuel feed to cylinder is provided and after regular fires in combustion chamber of cut-in cylinder, following cylinder of internal combustion engine is cut in until regular fires in combustion chamber of all cylinders of internal combustion engine are obtained after which crankshaft barring mechanism is disconnected.EFFECT: reduced consumption of power at starting, reduced wear of internal combustion engine.10 cl

Heat accumulator for vehicle internal combustion engines // 2287711
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for warming up internal combustion engines of vehicles at intershift storing outdoors at negative temperatures. Proposed heat accumulator contains cylindrical housing with vacuum thermal insulation, heat accumulating material, gates to control temperature conditions in heat accumulating material. It contains additionally temperature transmitters to check heating of heat accumulator, piston hydropneumatic accumulators with two electric contacts in one of hydropneumatic accumulators to control electromagnetic valve connected with hydropneumatic accumulators, ejection tube and pneumatic drive, and also discharge electromagnetic and intake valves.EFFECT: provision of warming and prestarting lubrication of friction units, reduced starting wear of internal combustion engine by 20-25%.2 cl, 1 dwg

Device to supply heat to cooling liquid of inrternal combustion engine // 2282050
FIELD: mechanical engineering; internal combustion engines.SUBSTANCE: proposed device to supply heat to cooling liquid of internal combustion engine has metal housing secured on outer wall of engine cylinder block, electric heating elements with current supply system and insulator. Device is made in form of separate self-controlled heating modules installed with decentralization on outer walls of engine cylinder block. Dielectric plate with holes in form of guides for springs and heating elements is installed in heating module. Springs are fastened at one side to metal plates with heating elements attached to plates, and at other side, to common current-carrying plate which is connected to supply source by means of current-carrying stud through insulator. Posistors are used as heating elements.EFFECT: improved efficiency and reliability of prestarting heating.2 cl, 2 dwg

Device for facilitating staring of internal combustion engine // 2268393
FIELD: engine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device comprise burner with the source of ignition of fuel, gas duct, device for supplying air to the gas duct, fuel pump connected from one side to the fuel tank of the engine and from the other side with the burner, thermoelectric generator with hot and cold junctions connected with the battery via a voltage converter, heat exchanger for cold junction connected with the cooling system of the engine, and pump for supplying coolant to the heat exchanger. The hot junction is mounted in the gas duct downstream of the burner. The device additionally has control electronic unit, heater mounted in the fuel tank, gauges for measuring temperature of oil and coolant connected with the inputs of the electronic control unit, and electromagnet valves with actuators mounted at the inlet of the pump for supplying coolant and at the outlet of the heat exchanger for cold junction. The heater, actuators of the fuel pump, pump for coolant, device for supplying air, and electromagnet valves are connected with the voltage converter of the thermoelectric generator. The first, second and third outputs of the electronic control unit are connected with the actuators of the fuel pump, pump for coolant, and device for supplying air, respectively, for permitting control of their discharge. The fourth and fifth outputs of the electronic control unit are connected with the actuators of the electromagnet valves for permitting control of the flow rate of coolant. The outlet of the air duct underlies the engine crankcase.EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and reliability of starting.2 cl, 1 dwg

Device for facilitating start of internal combustion engine // 2267645
FIELD: manufacture of engines and devices for facilitated start of internal combustion engine.SUBSTANCE: proposed device has main self-adjustable heating element mounted in oil sump and additional self-adjustable heating elements. Heating elements are made in form of temperature-sensitive resistors located inside or over external surfaces at positive temperature coefficient of resistance of structure at effect of change-over point. Some of them are made in form of cables. Temperature-sensitive resistor is located in fuel filter between bodies of filter element. Temperature-sensitive resistor mounted on fuel line is brought with it in contact lengthwise forming heat insulation on external side. Fuel inlet tube is provided with temperature-sensitive resistor mounted on its generatrix surface; temperature-sensitive resistor located in oil sump is mounted below level of oil under oil receiver at clearance relative to its outlet passage.EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of start.2 cl, 5 dwg

Device for mixing and igniting working mixture in internal combustion engine // 2267015
FIELD: mechanical engineering; piston internal combustion engines.SUBSTANCE: proposed device for mixing and igniting working mixture in internal combustion engine has fuel feed pump connected by channel with engine cylinder, system to create high-voltage spark inside cylinder coupled with fuel feed pump. High-voltage spark is formed by high-voltage electrode connected to high-voltage source and arranged inside open current conducting reservoir with clearance left between reservoir and high-voltage electrode. Said open current-conducting reservoir is connected by channel with fuel feed pump.EFFECT: increased thermal efficiency and economy of internal combustion engine.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of operation of internal combustion engine and internal combustion engine implementation the method // 2265739
FIELD: mechanical engineering; internal combustion engines.SUBSTANCE: according to proposed method of operation of internal combustion engine, by intake of compressed air, its compression, injection and combustion of fuel and exhaust of waste gases and delivery of additional working medium at transient conditions, compression ratio of air at transient conditions is increased by turning rotor of turbocompressor, and at transient starting and keeping of engine at hot stand-by mode, engine is warmed before delivery of fuel and compressed air into cylinders. Rotor of turbocompressor is turned at transient conditions by steam formed by heat of exhaust gases in heat exchanger installed at engine outlet and by additional working medium received by combustion of mixture of air from air space and exhaust gases of engine at engine outlet before heat exchanger. Crankshaft of engine at transient conditions and operation at overload is turned up by electric machine supplied by storage battery through frequency and voltage converter. Used as additional working medium supplied to intake of engine, compressed air from reservoir is used with replenishment of air by electric compressor. Additional working medium-heat carrier is introduced into exhaust gases of engine at transient conditions and at operation at low load. Said heat carrier is prepared by combustion of mixture of fuel delivered under pressure from reservoir at engine outlet before heat exchanger, and mixture of air from air space and exhaust gases of engine. Storage batteries are trickle-charged by thermoelectric generator built into heat exchanger, and their charging is carried out when engine operates at low loads by electric machine through frequency and voltage converter. Delivery of energy from frequency and voltage converter to all consumers and delivery of steam from heat exchanger are provided under all operating conditions.EFFECT: improved efficiency of engine operation under static and transient conditions, power and heat supply of consumers, dynamic characteristics of turbocompressor.3 cl, 1 dwg

Internal combustion engine supercharging air temperature automatic control system // 2262603
FIELD: mechanical engineering; heat engines.SUBSTANCE: proposed automatic control system of supercharging air temperature contains fan, three-way crossover device with drive and supercharging air cooler installed in intake manifold between supercharger and cylinders and bypass line included into manifold and accommodating second three-way crossover device with drive and supercharging air gas heater washed by exhaust gases. Metering of supply of exhaust gases is provided by second three-way crossover device whose drive is connected with supercharging air temperature sensor installed in intake manifold between supercharging air cooler and cylinders. Fan drive is also connected with supercharging air temperature sensor. Shaft of fan is connected with shafts of two similar induction motors with phase-wound rotors whose stator windings are connected to ac generator driven by shaft of internal combustion engine which is controlled by control unit connected with first output of microprocessor controller. Rotor windings of induction motors being connected in series are connected to rectifier, to output of which semiconductor thermoelectric cooler and winding closing unit are connected, the latter being connected to second output of microprocessor controller. Stator of one of induction motors is made rotating, being connected with drive connected to third output of microprocessor controller. Drives of first and second three-way crossover devices are connected to fourth and fifth outputs of microprocessor controller. Supercharging air temperature sensor is connected to input of microprocessor controller. Invention provides maintaining of temperature of supercharging air in internal combustion engine at optimum levels depending on engine operating conditions irrespective of ambient temperature.EFFECT: reduced energy consumption for cooling, increased efficiency of air-gas cooling and supercharging air heating system.1 dwg

Internal combustion diesel engine // 2260140
FIELD: mechanical engineering diesel engine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to diesel engines operating at higher compression ratio up to 80. Proposed diesel engine contains one cylinder with piston, connecting rod, crankshaft with its speed sensor, cylinder head with intake and exhaust valves and intake manifold with throttle valve. Engine is furnished with vacuum sensor installed after throttle valve in intake manifold, engine temperature transmitter, ambient temperature and pressure transmitters, throttle valve drive, engine power control unit (accelerator pedal) position pickup, fuel injection device and electronic control unit. Inputs of electronic control unit are connected with vacuum sensor, engine temperature transmitter, ambient temperature and pressure transmitters, crankshaft speed sensor and accelerator pedal position pickup. Output of electronic control unit is connected with fuel feed device, starting and idling air rate controller drive and throttle valve drive. Engine is furnished with vacuum pump with drive, starting and idling air rate controller with drive. Input of vacuum pump and output of starting and idling air rate controller communicate with intake manifold of engine. Vacuum pump drive and starting and idling air rate controller drive are connected with outputs of electronic control unit which is made to form signal to drive of vacuum pump for cutting in the pump after starting to provide removal of air from intake manifold when fuel injection device, starting and idling air rate controller and throttle valve are closed. When vacuum in intake manifold reaches preset value depending on values of compression ratio of said engine, its temperature, ambient temperature and pressure, electronic control unit, by signal from vacuum sensor, forms signal to starter for cranking the crankshaft and forms signals to fuel injection device and to starting and idling air rate controller to provide delivery of air and fuel into cylinder. In period from beginning of cranking to engine starting, electronic control unit forms signal to starting and idling air rate controller to limit air flow rate and provide required level of vacuum in intake manifold. After starting of engine, electronic control unit forms signal to cut out vacuum pump and shifts starting and idling air rate controller to idling position. With engine operating from idling to maximum speed conditions, depending on compression ratio of engine, its temperature and ambient temperature and pressure, crankshaft speed, electronic control unit, by signals from accelerator pedal position pickup and vacuum sensor, forms signal to throttle valve to change its position, thus limiting filling of cylinder with air.EFFECT: improved reliability of starting and operation of engine.5 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of starting and operation of diesel internal combustion engine // 2260139
FIELD: mechanical engineering; diesel engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to diesel engines operating at higher compression ratio up to 80. Proposed method of starting and operation of diesel engine comes to building vacuum in intake manifold and cylinder at starting and limiting filling of engine cylinder with air at operation from idling to maximum speed. Vacuum in intake manifold at starting is built by signal of electronic control unit owing to removal of air from intake manifold at closed fuel injection device, starting and idling air rate controller and throttle valve closed, and when preset vacuum, depending on compression ratio of said engine, its temperature and ambient temperature and pressure is obtained, electronic control unit by signal from vacuum sensor forms signal to starter for cranking the crankshaft and forms signals to open fuel injection device, starting and idling air rate controller, thus providing delivery of air and fuel into cylinder. In period from beginning of crankshaft turning to engine starting, electronic control unit forms signals to starting and idling air rate controller, thus limiting air flow rate and providing preset level of vacuum in intake manifold. After starting of engine, removal of air from intake manifold is stopped, and starting and idling air rate controller is shifted in idling position. When operating from idling to maximum speed, depending on value of engine compression ratio, its temperature, ambient temperature and pressure, and crankshaft speed, electronic control unit forms signal to throttle valve drive changing angle of opening of throttle valve and limiting filling of cylinder with air.EFFECT: improved reliability of starting and operation of engine at idling to maximum speed, increased service life and reduced fuel consumption of engine.10 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of starting and operation of gasoline internal combustion engine with compression ratio up to 45 // 2260138
FIELD: mechanical engineering; gasoline engines.SUBSTANCE: proposed method of starting and operation of gasoline internal combustion engine with compression ratio up to 45 comes to building vacuum in intake manifold and cylinder at starting and limiting filling of engine cylinder with air at operation from idling to maximum speed. Vacuum is built in intake manifold at switching on the ignition by signal from electronic control unit owing to removal of air from intake manifold with fuel injection device and throttle valve closed. When preset level of vacuum in intake manifold depending on compression ratio of said engine, its temperature, and pressure is obtained, electronic control unit, by signal from vacuum sensor, forms signal to starter for cranking the shaft and forms signals to fuel injection device, throttle valve and spark plug, providing delivery of air, fuel and spark to cylinder. In period from beginning of cranking of crankshaft to starting of engine, electronic control unit forms signal to limit turning of throttle valve, thus providing required vacuum in intake manifold. After starting of engine, air removal from intake manifold is stopped. At operation from idling to maximum speed, depending on compression ratio of engine, its temperature, ambient temperature and pressure, crankshaft speed and octane rating of gasoline, electronic control unit forms signal to change position of throttle valve, thus limiting filling of cylinder with air.EFFECT: improved reliability of starting and operation of engine under conditions up to maximum speed.10 cl, 1 dwg

Gasoline internal combustion engine with compression ratio up to 45 // 2260137
FIELD: mechanical engineering; gasoline engines.SUBSTANCE: proposed gasoline internal combustion engine contains at least one cylinder with piston, connecting rod, crankshaft with its speed sensor, cylinder head with intake and exhaust valves and intake manifold with throttle valve. Vacuum sensor is installed after throttle valve in intake manifold. Engine is furnished with engine temperature transmitter, ambient temperature and pressure transmitters, knocking sensor, throttle valve drive connected with engine power control device (accelerator pedal), accelerator pedal position pickup, fuel injection device, spark plug and electronic control unit. Inputs of electronic control unit are connected with vacuum sensor, engine temperature transmitter, ambient temperature and pressure transmitters, knocking sensor, crankshaft speed sensor and accelerator pedal position pickup. Output of electronic control unit is connected with fuel supply device and spark plug. Engine is furnished with vacuum pump with drive. Throttle value has additional drive, input of vacuum pump communicates with engine intake manifold, drive of vacuum pump and additional drive of throttle valve are connected with outputs of electronic control unit which forms signal to drive of vacuum pump to cut in said pump after switching on the ignition, thus providing removal of air from intake manifold when fuel injection device and throttle valve are closed. When vacuum in intake manifold, depending on compression ratio of engine, its temperature and ambient temperature and pressure is reached, electronic control unit forms signals by signal from vacuum sensor to starter for cranking the shaft, to fuel injection device, throttle valve and spark plug to provided delivery of air, fuel and spark to engine cylinder. In period from beginning of engine cranking to moment of engine of engine starting, electronic control unit forms signal to throttle valve drive, thus limiting its turning and providing required level of vacuum in intake manifold. After starting of engine, electronic control unit forms signal to cut out vacuum pump. At operation from idling to maximum speed, depending on compression ratio of engine, its temperature and ambient temperature and pressure, crankshaft speed, and gasoline octane rating, electronic control unit, by signals from accelerator pedal position pickup and vacuum sensor forms signal to additional drive of throttle valve to change angle of opening of throttle valve and limit filling of cylinder with air.EFFECT: improved reliability of starting and operation of engine under conditions up to maximum engine speed.5 cl, 1 dwg

Gasoline internal combustion engine with compression ratio up to 35 // 2260136
FIELD: mechanical engineering; internal combustion engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gasoline internal combustion engines operating at higher compression ratio. Proposed engine is furnished with vacuum pump with drive and additional drive of throttle valve, both controlled by electronic control unit. Input of vacuum pump communicates with intake manifold of engine for sucking out air. When engine for sucking out air. When engine shaft is being cranked, no fuel is delivered into cylinder, and after starting of engine, vacuum pump is switched off.EFFECT: improved reliability of starting and operation of engine at speed lower than mean rpms.2 cl, 1 dwg

Internal combustion engine starting preheater // 2258832
FIELD: mechanical engineering; starting preheaters.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices designed for heating of internal combustion engine before its starting at operation at below zero ambient temperatures. Proposed starting preheater contains accumulating tank, heat-insulating casing, electric pump, inlet and outlet pipelines. Electric heating element and temperature controller are installed inside accumulating tank on detachable flange, thermal switch installed on branch pipe of outlet pipeline and system precluding mixing of cold and hot heat carrier made in form of partitions and grille installed stationary inside accumulating tank. Electric heating element provides heating of heat carrier in accumulating tank after long standstill when heat carrier has cooled down. Temperature controller provides ON/OFF switching of electric heating element, thus keeping heat carrier hot. Heat insulating casing provides keeping of heat carrier hot for a long time. Thermal witch provides complete substitution of hot carrier for cold one. Heat insulating casing has channel for mounting and servicing of electric heating element with temperature controller.EFFECT: provision of prestarting of engine at low temperature, reduced toxicity of exhaust gases at starting and warming up of engine.3 cl, 3 dwg

Prestarting heating system of internal combustion engine and hydraulic drive of road-building machines // 2258153
FIELD: mechanical engineering; prestarting heating systems.SUBSTANCE: proposed prestarting heating system of internal combustion engine and hydraulic drive of road-building machine consists of engine prestarting heating circuit and hydraulic drive prestarting heating circuit. Engine circuit consists of internal combustion engine, two chamber heat accumulator, exhaust gas heat exchanger, liquid diesel heater, pump connected with cooling system of internal combustion engine. Heat accumulator consists of inner chamber arranged inside outer chamber. Inner chamber is filled with water under pressure and it accommodates heat exchanger of heat carrier connected by hydraulic line with exhaust gas heat exchanger. With road-building machine operating, antifreeze heated in exhaust gas heat exchanger circulates through heat carrier heat exchanger and heats water inside to 120-130°C. Hydraulic drive prestarting heating circuit consists of hydraulic tank accommodating exhaust gas heat exchanger, pump, hydraulic distributor, hydraulic cylinder, additional hydraulic line with valve connecting rod and working spaces of hydraulic cylinder.EFFECT: reduced time taken for prestarting heating and provision of reliable starting of internal combustion engine and road-building machine hydraulic drive after long idling under low ambient temperatures.4 dwg

Device for control of supercharging air temperature in heat engine // 2256090
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: device comprises supercharger for supercharging a water-cooled heat engine with air through the heat exchanger. The water flow is distributed with a tree-stroke by-pass valve among the heat exchanger and air radiator blown with air supplied by the fan and flowing through rotating deflectors. The supercharging air temperature sensor is mounted in the pipeline for air charging between the heat exchanger and heat engine for control of two actuators, one of which is connected with the valve and the other is connected with the deflector. The shaft of the fan is connected with the shafts of two same asynchronous motors with phase rotors whose stator windings are connected with the AC generator which is set in rotation from the shaft of the heat engine. The rotor windings of the asynchronous motor are connected in series with the rectifier whose output is connected with a thermoelectric cooler. The stator of one of asynchronous motors is rotatable and is connected with the drive.EFFECT: enhanced reliability of heat engine and reduced fuel consumption.1 cl, 1 dwg

Internal combustion engine supercharging air temperature control system // 2251021
FIELD: mechanical engineering; engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems providing automatic control of supercharging air temperature in internal combustion engines. Proposed system contains turbocompressor, cooling system, electric actuator, four-way cock, gas distributor, electric distributor of exhaust gases, channels to supply supercharging air to cooler and heat exchanger, channel to deliver air into engine, reservoir with liquid cooling agent, and meter. System is coupled with program-controlled engine cooling system through four-way cock with electric actuator coupled with control unit whose input is connected through bypass channel at partial loads to supercharging air heat exchanger, and output is connected to engine. Channel to let out exhaust gases from gas distributor, electromagnetic valve and dew point control device are also provided. Invention makes it possible to chosen supercharging air working temperature and maintain chosen preset temperature conditions at partial loads of engine and at nominal loads in hot climate.EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities.4 cl, 2 dwg

Engine compression ratio changing method // 2250379
FIELD: mechanical engineering; internal in combustion engines.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used at modification of engines. Proposed method includes changing of volume of combustion chamber which is provided by shifting of engine crankshaft and connecting rod and piston to side of top dead center. Shifting of crankshaft is done by turning eccentric race of crankshaft main bearings by control member. According to invention, connecting rod and piston are displaced to side of top dead center when preparing engine for starting and are returned automatically to initial position through control member when engine runs steadily at idling.EFFECT: improved operating reliability and serviceability of starting system of diesel engines with reduced compression ratio at low ambient temperatures, reduced time taken for preparing the engine for loading.1 dwg

Stationary plant for warming up locomotive diesel engine systems // 2244154
FIELD: railway transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for servicing vehicles equipped with power plants furnished with water cooling and heating systems, namely, to devices for warming up diesel locomotive systems. Proposed stationary plant contains boiler with water heating system by energy of boiler plant, centrifugal pump connected with boiler and pressure main line, and flexible hoses to supply and remove water from diesel engine cooling system and direct tom boiler. Drain main line is connected with boiler through bypass valve and is additionally connected through arc-shaped tap whose top is located at level of water in expansion tank of diesel engine cooling system. Intermediate branch pipe with disk shutter is installed in suction pipeline before main water pump of diesel engine. Said shutter sets system in OPEN and CLOSED positions. Supply and removal branch pipes are installed additionally, being equipped with bypass valves and connecting heads. Power supply of standard diesel fuel heating system and storage battery charging are provided by connecting low-voltage electric circuit of diesel locomotive to external dc power source.EFFECT: provision of circulation of hot water through all sections of diesel engine cooling system.2 cl, 1 dwg

Device for facilitating the starting of the internal combustion engine // 2240441
The invention relates to mechanical engineering, in particular to engine, and in particular to devices for facilitating the starting of the internal combustion engine

Fuel system diesel engine // 2239719
The invention relates to engine, in particular for fuel injection systems of diesel engines

Installation tape electric pre-heater coolant // 2231677
The invention relates to engine and can be used in cooling systems of engines operated in freezing temperatures as a means to facilitate cold starting of the engine and accelerate its warming up to normal operating temperature, as well as on the modes, when the regular cooling system of internal combustion engine is not able to ensure the normal temperature of the engine and allow it to hypothermia

The heater power plant banabhatta // 2231676
The invention relates to the field of armored vehicles, particularly to heaters of the power plant of brontobytes

The method of operation of the internal combustion engine and internal combustion engine // 2231660
The invention relates to engine and can be used to improve the efficiency of internal combustion engines on transitional modes

Heating system bus // 2230929
The invention relates to engine, namely, devices for heating the internal combustion engine (ice) and heating the interior of the city bus during idle of the internal combustion engine operated at low ambient temperatures

Device for facilitating the starting of the internal combustion engine // 2228458
The invention relates to mechanical engineering, in particular to engine, and in particular to devices for facilitating the starting of internal combustion engine

The intake manifold of the power plant of the vehicle // 2227224
The invention relates to the transport industry, in particular to systems for optimal temperature charge air propulsion vehicles

The heater of the internal combustion engine // 2226618
The invention relates to the field of engine construction and operation of vehicles, more precisely, to ensure the required pre-heat mode of the engine and heating the vehicle cabin at low temperatures
 
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