Heat-exchange apparatus, not provided for in another subclass, in which the heat-exchange media do not come into direct contact and heat storage plants or apparatus in general (F28D)

F28D              Heat-exchange apparatus, not provided for in another subclass, in which the heat-exchange media do not come into direct contact (heat-transfer, heat-exchange or heat-storage materials c09k0005000000; fluid heaters having heat generating means and heat transferring means f24h; furnaces f27; details of heat-exchange apparatus of general application f28f); heat storage plants or apparatus in general(4543)

Shell-and-tube heat exchangers in processes of hydrocarbon degradation c3-c5 (versions) // 2642440
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the shell-and-tube countercurrent heat exchanger to heat the raw vapours in the processes of dehydrogenation of paraffin hydrocarbons C3-C5 by the heat of contact gas coming from the dehydrogenation reactor comprising a vertical cylindrical casing (1 ), a bundle of the heat exchanging tubes (2) with an upper (4) and a lower (3) tube gratings, a nozzle (5) and a distributing chamber (6) to input the contact gas in the upper part of the tube space (2) of the heat exchanger (11), a collecting chamber (7) and a nozzle (8) to output the chilled contact of gas from the lower part of the tube space, as well as nozzles (9) to input vapours of the raw material in the annular space of the heat exchanger (11), divided into sections by transverse horizontal partitions of the segment type (13), and to output (10) the heated vapours of raw materials from it. The heat exchanger is also characterized by the fact that the heat exchanger (11) contains connections (12) to supply a part of the feed raw material in a liquid form for the heat exchanger (11) into the intertube space of the bundle of the heat exchange tubes (2) and/or into the intertube space of the bundle of the heat exchange tubes (2) divided by sectors (17), which are limited to the upper (4) and lower (3) tube gratings and vertical channels (18) between the sectors (17). A version of a shell-and-tube heat exchanger for cooling the contact gas is also proposed.EFFECT: increase in capacity of dehydrogenation plants of hydrocarbons C3-C5 and reducing the costs in production.22 cl, 6 dwg, 8 ex, 2 tbl

Heat exchanger and heat source block // 2640458
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat exchanger comprises at least one heat exchanger module (100). The heat exchanger module (100) comprises two heat exchange units (10 and 20) which are aligned with each other in the opposite orientation. At least one of the two heat exchanger blocks (10 and 20) bent in such a way that the angle between two adjacent edges (c and d) on at least one end of two heat exchanger blocks (10 and 20) is less than the angle between the main parts (12 and 22) two blocks (heat-exchange 10 and 20).EFFECT: surface of heat exchanger increases.22 cl, 7 dwg

Heater of liquid and gaseous media // 2640307
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: heater of liquid or gaseous media comprises a chimney and a housing in which a heat exchanger in the form of U-shaped tubes with the inlet and outlet of heated product and a heat generator, equipped with an outlet flange and including a burner device, a flame tube and a batch of smoke tubes, a common lens fire tube compensator and a second removable heat exchanger located in the housing symmetrically with the first heat exchanger relative to the heat generator, are arranged. Each of the heat exchangers is fixed to the housing through a common flange provided with full-flow inlet and outlet nozzles. The batch of smoke tubes of heat generator is connected to the output flange through a common lens fire tubes compensator.EFFECT: increase the convenience of its maintenance by increasing the heat exchange surface and maximizing the use of heat flow from the burner device, expanding the arsenal of funds of a similar purpose.5 cl, 3 dwg

Heat exchanger // 2640263
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat exchanger contains at least one welded heat exchange module, made of gas elements, using thin-sheeted plates, in particular with the ribbing, and of installed between them the liquid elements, executed in the form of metal framework. The heat exchanger is made either welded or from separate modules.EFFECT: invention improves the heat exchanger efficiency due to increase of the heat exchange intensity between elements, using the fluids direct contact with the plates external surfaces of adjacent gas elements, as well as using the labyrinth parts in the gas elements and internal partitions in the cavities of the fluid elements, the invention allows to raise the heat exchanger operation reliability through the proposed strengthened heat exchange modules elements structures.15 cl, 5 dwg

Radial-tube heat-mass-exchange apparatus // 2640139
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat-mass-exchange apparatus includes a housing with fluid inlet/outlet connections in which one or more adjacent units are installed consisting of vertical heat-mass-exchange elements in contact by turbulent projections forming an annular series around the vertical axis of the housing, forming the peripheral and central distribution manifolds in which the partitions are placed that provide a turn of the radial flow of fluid during the transition between units. The walls of the heat-mass-exchange elements are connected by one horizontal weld joint located on the lateral surface or in the rear part, wherein the front and back parts of the heat-mass-exchange element have an elliptical shape in cross section. When the heat-mass-exchange apparatus is operated, the flow of one fluid passes in the axial direction, flowing heat-mass-exchange elements, the front and/or rear parts of which have a close to perfect hydrodynamic shape. The flow of the other fluid flows around the heat-mass-exchange elements in a radial direction, first from the periphery to the center, and then back.EFFECT: lowering the hydraulic resistance and increasing the reliability of the apparatus.7 cl, 2 dwg

Heat-transfer device for cooling electronic components // 2639635
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: device can be used mainly in the cooling systems of electronic components, such as microprocessors, CPUs, chips, memory modules in computers, etc., including those having two or more components with varying capacity, requiring cooling, spaced from each other and from heat sink: air, liquid or another heat exchanger. The heat-transfer device for cooling electronic components comprises a cooling circuit in the form of a loop heat pipe, includes an evaporator with capillary structure inside, which provides thermal contact with the most powerful heat source, a capacitor communicating through a hollow steam pipe and condensate pipe with the evaporator, that differs in the fact that the device contains one capacitor connected with external heat exchanger fulfilling the role of a heat sink and carrying the heat received from all heat sources outwards, and the condensate pipe contains at least one heat exchanger made in the form of a condensate pipe connected with a contact plate that provides thermal contact with a less powerful heat source located directly between the evaporator and the condenser.EFFECT: increased operation resistance of the device, simplified manufacture and assembly, reduced labour intensity, improved heat transfer efficiency simultaneously from two or more electronic components, which dissipate heat flows, varying up to 10 times or more, and are arbitrarily located in space, possibility of placing it in space-limited environment.14 cl, 10 dwg

Tube-and-shell heat exchanger with curved tubes // 2639439
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: in the heat exchanger, consisting of a housing, tube grids, partitions and tubes, the tubes are installed with a preliminary deflection. Preliminary deflection is carried out by means of displacing holes for tubes in the partitions or by means of displacing the partitions by displacement mechanism, and the partitions are installed with the possibility of displacement in the direction of preliminary displacement. The partitions in the middle part of the heat exchanger are rigidly fixed with the displacement of the holes for the tubes, and the housing can be made with a deflection. The remaining partitions are installed with the possibility of further displacement in the direction of the preliminary displacement of the tubes to compensate for their elongation at temperature deformation. The preliminary deflection of the tubes is carried out during the assembly of the heat exchanger from straight tubes which are bent within elastic deformation.EFFECT: ensuring compensation of tube elongation at temperature deformation.6 cl, 5 dwg

Thermal pipe with electrohydrodynamic generator // 2638708
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat pipe with an electrohydrodynamic generator, in which a partition 17 is installed inside the steam channel 4 at the level of nozzles 8. Also outside the case two metal containers 13 are installed, inside of each of which one ionizing electrode and one collector of charges are installed. Wherein, steam supply ducts 18 and outlet ducts 20 are additionally installed above and below the partition 17, and vortex chambers 19 are installed between the upper ends of condensate lines 7 and the nozzles 8. Moreover, the steam supply ducts 18 are installed tangentially relative to the vortex chambers 19, which allows for more efficient spraying of the condensate, thereby increasing the distance overcome by the drops between ionizing electrodes and collectors 6 in metal containers 13.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to raise the efficiency of electrostatic generator.2 cl, 2 dwg
Combined system of cooling of server rack elements (versions) // 2638414
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: combined system of cooling of heat-producing server rack elements, which includes at least one inner case with at least one heat-producing element placed in it, contains at least one cooling circuit in the form of contour heat pipe, including placed in the internal case radiator contacting thermally with heat-producing element, evaporator, installed at the base of the radiator, condenser, located on the outside of the inner case, associated by steam pipe and condensate pipe with the evaporator, liquid tire associated with condenser, while the condenser is designed as two U-shaped parallel plots of contour heat pipes, finned with radiator slats, assembled-thermally contacting with liquid tire using clamp mechanism made of extruded aluminium and mounted outside the case, wherein the clamp mechanism is executed in the form of U-shaped spring element with contour pipe condenser put in it, still associated with the case, whose spring strips are profiled for pressure radiator slats of condenser to liquid tire, and extruded aluminium ruler with the axle holes and milled samples, welded to the back wall of tire, while in ruler samples spring-loaded cams are made, fixed by axles, communicating by their ledges with both ends of spring strips of spring element, and outer spring strips plane, adjacent to the end.EFFECT: widest possible universalization, which provides cooling the components of any plate, increasing the ease of maintenance, preventive maintenance and repair of a single blade and rack as a whole, ensuring manufacturability, low cost and ease of execution due to the widespread use of extruded aluminium profile, ensuring reliable, simple, automatic thermal contact of contour radiator heat pipe and liquid tire, increasing the cooling efficiency.23 cl, 11 dwg

ethod for manufacturing thermal pipe with aluminium housing and water as heat carrier // 2638233
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing a thermal pipe with aluminium housing and water as a heat carried comprises coating the whole inner surface of the housing with a water-inert copper layer, vacuumizing the housing, filling the housing with the necessary amount of water and sealing the housing. In order to expand the functionality of the method, coating of the inner surface of the housing with copper is carried out by a galvanic method in two stages with deposition current densities of 0.5-3 A/dm2 at the first stage and 40-70 A/dm2 at the second stage.EFFECT: extended range of technical facilities.5 dwg

Compositions with sodium acetate trihydrate // 2637337
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: composition based on sodium acetate trihydrate (SAT) is provided as a source of heat, which is capable of heating the heated material contained in the device. The formulation contains SAT, a kinetic inhibitor, and a solvent. SAT is able to emit heat upon crystallization of a supercooled liquid. The kinetic inhibitor is designed to reduce the likelihood of a spontaneous or unintentional SAT phase transition. The kinetic inhibitor is selected from sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose, gelatin, ethyl cellulose, polyethylene glycol, xanthan gum, glycerol, urea, polysorbate 20, polysorbate 80, polyacrylic acid, sodium pyrophosphate, polyacrylamide, pullulan, polyvinyl alcohol, and polyvinyl acetate.EFFECT: increasing the stability of the composition and reducing the possibility of a supercooled liquid to spontaneous crystallization.13 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl, 8 ex

Heat exchanger // 2636358
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to waste gas cooler or a charge air cooler comprising a plate package (2) consisting of several elongated plate pairs (32). Accordingly, two plates (18, 18') connected to each other form a second working medium channel (4), and a first working medium channel (30) is formed between the two pairs of plates, wherein the first working medium channel (30) is surrounded by two second working medium channels (4). Each second working medium channel (4) is connected to at least one collecting channel (11, 12) of the cooling agent.EFFECT: increase of heat transfer.16 cl, 21 dwg

Coiled heat exchanger with set of inlets and method of adjustment of heat exchanger's heating surfaces // 2636287
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the heat exchanger (1), containing a set of inlets (30-36), each one of which is connected to at least one coherent pipe (20) of the heat exchanger (1), so that at least one flow (S) of the first medium, as well as one flow (S') of the second medium can be guided through at least one coherent inlet (30, 32, 33, 35, 36) to a respective coherent at least one pipe (20), while the heat exchanger (1) has a case (10), which surrounds the space (11) of the case in which the specified pipes (20) are located, so that, in particular, the flow (S'") of the medium passing through the space (11) of the case enters into indirect heat exchange with the medium flow (S, S') passing in the corresponding pipe (20), and the specified pipes (20) are wound around the central pipe (12) of the heat exchanger (1). According to the invention it is provided that each of the pipes (20) agreed with the appropriate inlet (30-36) sets the heating surface and the heat exchanger (1) has at least one switching means (100), which is intended to switch back and forth at least one of the inlets (30) between at least one first operating condition and one second operating condition, so that the flow (S) of the first medium can be directed in the first operating condition and the flow (S') of the second medium -in the second operating condition through at least one inlet (30) to at least one agreed pipe (20), with providing the large heating surface for the flow (S) of the first medium in the first operating condition and respectively, the smaller heating surface for the flow of the second medium and with providing the large heating surface for the flow (S') of the second medium in the second operating condition, and respectively, the smaller heating surface for the flow (S) of the first medium.EFFECT: increase the efficiency.11 cl, 2 dwg

Active management of underwater coolers // 2636073
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: system comprises the input (A) and the output (B), as well as at least a first cooler and a second cooler. The first cooler and the second cooler are connected to each other in series. The cooling system additionally comprises at least a third cooler connected in parallel with the first cooler and the second cooler. The cooling system additionally comprises at least one flow controller for guiding the flow through at least one cooler. At least one of the coolers comprises a bypass circuit and/or a recirculation loop. The coolers comprise temperature control devices and sensors allowing the operator to monitor the cooling system and the coolers and allowing the entire flow or part of the flow to be bypassed through the bypass circuit.EFFECT: increasing the flow cooling efficiency and ensuring that cooled flow temperature is maintained in the specified value range.12 cl, 6 dwg
ethod and plant for natural gas heating // 2635960
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention presents the method and the plant for heating natural gas, the method comprising the following stages: a) supply of natural gas which has a temperature of from -10°C to 50°C and at a pressure of at least 30 bar, from the natural gas supply pipe to the first system of heat exchanger cavities, b) supply of heating means (heat carrier) having a temperature in the range from 30°C to 160°C in the second system of cavities of the heat exchanger, wherein the first and second system of cavities are hermetically isolated from each other and from the environment, c) heating natural gas in the first system of cavities to a temperature from 20°C to 150°C by means of the heat carrier in the second system of cavities, the heat exchanger used is a plate heat exchanger including at least two pairs of heat exchange plates. Each pair of heat exchange plates is completely welded at least along their outer edges, d) withdrawing heated natural gas from the first cavity system to at least one further processing stage.EFFECT: increase in efficiency and reduction of the heat exchanger dimensions, so that lower costs can be achieved.9 cl

Heat energy accumulation system, containing integrated refrigeration-heating installation, and method for use of such system // 2635737
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a thermal energy storage system comprising an energy accumulator (2) having a vertical temperature gradient and an internal combined refrigeration-heating machine (15). This machine is adapted to deduce the energy corresponding to the first temperature from the energy accumulator with the simultaneous return of energy corresponding to, after heating, the second higher temperature and the energy corresponding to, after cooling, the third, lower temperature. The invention also relates to a method for using thermal energy storage system.EFFECT: improvement of a system.10 cl, 1 dwg

Heat exchanger with secondary folding // 2635673
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: each heat exchange element is made of a ribbed sheet having a plurality of hollow ribs to create an internal volume. At the same time, it has an inlet and an outlet and a hole. The flow divider is placed in the internal space between the intake manifold and the outlet line with internal vertices of the hollow fins in contact with the flow divider. The base element is connected above the opening of the inner volume. And the base element contains the input and output, placed with a fluid communication with the intake manifold and the exhaust line, respectively.EFFECT: technological possibilities are expanding and heat transfer between fluid flows is improved.20 cl, 15 dwg

Air-to-air heat exchanger // 2634652
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: in the air-to-air heat exchanger (10) for ventilation systems, comprising direct parallel tubes (32) group (30), disposed in the cylindrical body (12) and the fan (14), located at the end of the cylindrical body (12), at that the fan (14) includes the inner ring (18) and the outer ring (20), the conveying flows of coolant in the opposite direction. The spaces of the outer ring (20) and the inner ring (18) are separated from each other by the cylindrical wall (22), the end parts (34) of the tubes (32) are bearded against each other, on the side, facing the fan (14) the cylindrical walls (22) are enclosed in the ring end (42), and on the opposite side are enclosed into the end (44) of the cylindrical tube (46), and which are tapered to the middle sections (36) between its end sections (34), between which there are the gaps (40) inside the group (30), wherein the inner wall (24) of the body (12) in the area of the middle sections (36) is equipped with the insulating insert (50) in the form of the sleeve or shell, which lines and tapers the inner diameter of the body (12).EFFECT: increase of the heating system performance factor.10 cl, 4 dwg

Heat exchanger working on og // 2633562
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat exchanger working on OG (1), in particular for use in a vehicle, comprising at least one first fluid guiding a first flow channel (2), whose ends are arranged in a tube board (3), a casing (4) surrounding the first flow channel (2). The casing (4) has an inlet and an outlet opening and forms a second flow passage (10) for the second fluid. The second fluid flows through the casing (4) and the first flow channel (2) flows around it, the tube boards (3) are installed in the casing (4) so that the first flow channel (2) is sealed from the second flow channel (10), the first A diffuser (5.1) supplying the first fluid to the first flow channel (2) and a second diffuser (5.2) discharging it from it. The heat exchanger (1) comprises at least one first shielding element (6.1) with at least one first passage (7) and with at least one first distal element (8) that is put on the tube plate (3) with the side facing away from the first flow channel (2).EFFECT: prevention of boiling processes and elimination of formation or transfer of condensate from the outlet side to the suction zone of the heat exchanger engine.12 cl, 6 dwg

Self-cleaning shell-and-tube heat exchanger // 2631963
FIELD: electricity-producing industry.SUBSTANCE: turbulizing elements, that are designed as the lobes in the form of the propeller or of the wire spiraling, are fixedly attached to the metal rod or wire throughout the length at a distance from one another in the heat exchanger composed of the jacket, where the stack of the tubes that are linked to the tube sheets is located, and of the input and output nozzles of the tube medium Δ, of the turbulence promoters that are placed within every tube in axial alignment throughout the tube length and are representing the metal rod or wire. The ends of the rods or wires are attached to the tie bars that are tailed in among the shoulders that are rigidly attached to the tube sheets outer surface.EFFECT: heat-transfer process augmentation and scale formation rate reduction.5 dwg

ethod and device for heat energy transfer by materials, changing its physical state // 2631855
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: device is installed in contact with the exhaust gases (2) inside the enclosing chamber (22) or inside one or more pipes, related to the installation on which the manufacturing or auxiliary processes are carried out. The device contains at least two sections (4), each equipped with at least one heat exchange module (5), having the heat exchanger (6), which is at least partially in contact with the exhaust gases (2) for the purpose of heat energy exchanging. The first material (7) provided, changing its physical state, is located inside the mentioned heat exchanger (6). The provided extraction heat exchanger (8) is in contact with the mentioned first material (7), changing its physical state, equipped with the supply and recirculation pipes (9), in which the heat-carrying fluid (10) circulates. In addition, the displacement facilities (14, 15) are provided for conveying the heat-carrying fluid (10) and controlling of its flow rate for selective assignment for each section (4) of the heat flow values versions, extracted from the exaust gases (2) and participating in the heat exchange with the first material (7), changing its physical state.EFFECT: efficient extraction of the heat energy from the exhaust gases and supply of constant heat flow to the consumer.19 cl, 22 dwg

Thermosyphon heater with electrode electrolyte heater and integrated pump // 2630818
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: provided heater contains a sealed body 1 equipped with a delivery and a suction nozzles 9, 10 with return valves 8, electrodes 4 and terminals for supplying electric power. The thermosyphon heater is equipped with a piston 2 which airtightly splits the body on the lower part 3 with electrolyte solution 5 and the upper part 6 with fluid 7, and parallel horizontal electrodes 4 submerged in the electrolyte solution 5 and a heat exchanger 11 made in the form of a water jacket embracing the lower part of the body 1.EFFECT: expansion of the operating capabilities.1 dwg
Heat transfer bay // 2629805
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat transfer bay comprises: two wafers and a frame that links two wafers. Two wafers and a frame form a platelike hollow bord; a capillary structure coating that is attached close to the chamber liner; and a chambered processing medium with the phase transfer. A frontier area part of one of the two wafers or a frame part work as a heat transfer bay evaporation zone and the other part of the bord work as a heat transfer bay condensation zone. The heat transfer bay has a greaten steam passage area, walkway clearance for the fluide medium reverse flow and heat passage area of the condensation zone and a decreased center-to- evaporation-zone-edge distance.EFFECT: heat transfer ability and heat flow rate increase.5 cl, 11 dwg

Coil of dry heat exchanger with double walls with single wall return bends // 2629793
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat exchange coil of a dry heat exchanger with a number of straight inner tubes connected by a plurality of return bends. Return bends are located outside the air flow passing around the coil. The inner tubes are located inside the corresponding outer or "protective" tubes. The outer tubes do not contain and are not connected to the return bends, but the ends of the outer tubes are located outside the air flow path. Leaks in the inner tubes are caught by the outer tubes, and the leaking liquid will flow in the space between the inner and outer tubes, flow out from the end of the outer tube to be caught in the drip tray on the bottom of the coil jacket. Leaks arising in the return bends will also be caught in the drip tray. The heat exchanger and the cooling system of the transformer, which contain the heat exchange coil, are also presented.EFFECT: invention avoids the separation of the heat exchange coil manifolds into chambers, and allows for greater flexibility in the construction of the coil contour.16 cl, 7 dwg

Two-phase thermal siphon // 2629646
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: device contains the one-piece body, consisting of two coaxially located vertical cylindrical chambers, the top and the bottom. The diameter of the bottom chamber is larger than the diameter of the top chamber. In the bottom chamber filled with liquid, there is the filler, the narrow part of which is connected to the steam pipeline, located in the top chamber and having the shape of the twisted tube, on the internal surface of which there is the rectangular protuberance over its entire length. The uniform evenly arranged rectangular protuberances are made on the body internal top surface, where the condensate droplets are formed. Above the body top surface there are the hollow needles, through which the droplet is injected through the hose pump from the water tank along the silicone pipes, passed through the plate equally spaced through holes, fixed with the rod welded to the body side surface, cooling the thermal siphon body top outer surface. The side part of the filler is connected to the bottom chamber internal lateral surfaces and is made with the holes for fluid flow, equally spaced along the circle. The part of the bottom chamber is assigned for the air and other gaseous impurities accumulation, originally contained in the thermal siphon. In the bottom chamber, above the filling liquid level, there is the exhaust valve through which the part of the air is removed from the thermal siphon. The body and rectangular protuberances on its internal top surface are made of the material with the high thermal conductivity coefficient.EFFECT: efficiency increase of the heat transfer from the cooled part to the heated section by the heat exchange intensification in the two-phase thermal siphon top chamber.2 dwg
Electronic heat pipe // 2629320
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: electronic heat pipe includes an evaporator, a steam pipeline, a heat exchanger-cooler, a steam pipeline, with a cathode which acts as the evaporator, consisting of the pipeline element made of conductive material with an emissive layer applied on its inner surface made of material with low electronic work function, the anode acts as the heat exchanger-cooler, consisting of the pipeline element made of conductive material and the electron perception layer applied on its inner surface made of the material with low electronic work function, at that the anode is being electrically connected to the cathode in series through the power consumer. In this case, the cathode outlet is hydraulically connected through the steam pipeline to the anode inlet, and the anode outlet is hydraulically connected in series through the condenser pipeline, the return valve and the power transmission device to the working body, for example, the pump, to the similar cathode inlet, and the piping elements, made of non-conductive material, act as the steam pipeline.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce the electronic heat pipe mass, and to increase its speed, reliability and durability.1 dwg

Heat exchange unit // 2629306
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: in the heat exchange unit the feeding medium manifold 2 is made in the cover 4. The central cavity 5 is connected to the inclined channels 6 with the peripheral cavity 7 and the suppling feeding medium pipes 8. The suppling feeding medium pipes 8 are fixed at the cover 4 and disposed coaxially to the discharge pipes of feeding medium 9, placed in the tube plate holes 10. Tube plate 10 forms with the cover 4 the cavity 11 for removing the feeding medium. At that each discharge pipe 9 is provided with the adapter 12, one end of which is fixed in the tube plate 10 and another with the ability of axial displacement is connected to the discharge pipe 9. The discharge tube 9 is installed with a gap relative to the holes in the tube plate 10 and it has the ring projection 13, which is in contact with the inner wall of the indicated hole with the ability of axial displacement, i.e. it is mobile support of the module 3.EFFECT: alignment of the temperature field of inlet and discharge heat exchanging pipes by eliminating cold flashes of the feeding medium on the body and the heat transfer surface.4 cl, 3 dwg
Heat-transfer plate and plate heat exchanger // 2628973
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat-transfer plate (6) comprises an edge region (26, 28, 30, 32, 34) extending along the edge (20, 22, 24, 36, 38) of this plate and being wavy in such a way that it comprises alternating ridges (40, 44) and cavities (42, 46) if it is looked at the first side (8) of the heat transfer plate. The ridges and cavities extend perpendicular to the edge of the heat-transfer plate. The first ridge (40a, 44a) of mentioned ridges has an upper region (48, 54) extending in the plane (T) of the upper region, and the first cavity (42a, 46a) of mentioned cavities adjacent to the first ridge has a lower region (50, 56) extending in the plane (B) of the lower region. The upper region of the first ridge and the lower region of the first cavity are connected by a main slope (52, 58) and end, as well as the main slope, at the edge distance (de) from the edge of the heat-transfer plate. The heat-transfer plate is characterized in that the slope of the main slope with respect to the plane of the lower region, if it is looked from the lower region of the first cavity, varies from the minimum slope to the maximum slope along the length of the upper region of the first ridge and the lower region of the first cavity.EFFECT: increase the thermal efficiency of the plate heat exchanger.12 cl, 8 dwg

Heat exchanger for driver transducer // 2626041
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a heat exchanger (1) comprising the first heat exchanger module (10) with the first evaporator channel (120) and the first channel (130) of a condenser. The first evaporator channel (120) and the first condenser channel (130) are disposed in the first conduit (11). The first evaporator channel (120) and the first condenser channel (130) are fluidly connected to each other via the first upper distributor manifold (30) and the first lower distribution manifold (33) so that the first evaporator channel (120) and the first condenser channel (130) form the first closed loop of the coolant circulation. The first heat exchanger module (10) comprises the first heat transfer element (28) of the evaporator for transferring heat to the first evaporator channel (120) and the first heat transfer element (29) for draining heat from the first condenser channel (130). The heat exchanger (1) also comprises the second heat exchanger module (210) connected by a fluid connection element to the first heat exchanger module (10) for a heat carrier exchanging between the first heat exchanger module (10) and the second heat exchanger module (210).EFFECT: increase of heat interchange.25 cl, 7 dwg

Condenser-evaporator // 2623351
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: condenser-evaporator comprises a housing with inlet ports for working flows input and output, with one or more plate-fin heat exchange elements with alternating boiling and condensing channels, with collectors for condensing medium input and output. Each heat exchange element is made of a whole-piece with a sectionalized boiling cavity, where channels of each section are separated by spacers.EFFECT: reduced metal consumption.2 cl, 2 dwg

ulti use plate of plate heat exchanger and method of plate heat exchanger plate package manufacturing // 2623346
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: proposed multi use plate of the plate heat exchanger contains the following: the extreme and middle parts, lying in the first plane; the rib, mating these parts, the middle of which lies in the second plane parallel to the first; the first and the second pairs from the first and the second holes same in size on the opposite sides of the middle part. These pairs of holes are positioned mirror-wise relatively to the transverse axis, passing in the first or the second plane equidistantly between the pairs of holes; at that the first and the second hole in each of these pairs of holes are formed in the sections of the middle part, lying respectively in the first and the second planes; the entire space of the middle part between the sections with holes is occupied by alternating recesses and protruberances, at that the recesses bottom and the protuberances tops are lying respectively in the first and the second planes. The package assembly of such plates consists in consequent plates packing one by one with the similar planes with the rotation of each even or each odd plate by 180° relatively to the transverse axis, after that provide the plates welding in the contact places of their similar planes. The turbulizing elements can be placed in some of the forming cells, that allows to change the hydro-gasdynamic and heat-mass exchange characteristics of the working channels.EFFECT: operating means range expansion.8 cl, 3 dwg

Vortex heat exchange element // 2622340
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: in a vortex heat exchange element containing rib packs, the distance between the ribs is reduced in each bag. Screw-shaped grooves are made on the vertical surface of each rib of the pack located on the cylindrical pipe of larger diameter. The direction of the tangent screw-shaped groove on the vertical surface of one rib has a clockwise direction, and the direction of the tangent screw-shaped groove on the opposite vertical surface near the positioned rib has a counterclockwise direction.EFFECT: ensured consistency of heat dissipation capacity of the rib pack during long-term operation.5 dwg

Wire spacers for stackable structural reactors // 2621852
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: wire spacer includes a segment or portion positioned between the outer tube reactor and one or more components of the reactor, situated inside the tube. Reactor Components and outer tube are prevented from coming into direct contact with each other wire spacer arrangement. Wire spacers can be fastened to a component of the reactor at one of its ends a ring or gasket situated between the components of the reactor, arranged one above the other.EFFECT: preventing reactor components from contact with the outer tube facilitates fluid flow through the reactor, and can improve the heat transfer efficiency of the reactor for catalytic reactions.15 cl, 13 dwg
Heat-exchange method for microturbine power plants // 2621432
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: portion is taken from the main stream of compressed working air supplied from the compressor to the combustion chamber through the heat exchange matrix of the regenerative rotary heat exchanger, and directed bypassing the heat exchange matrix into the lateral cooling channels made in the body of the hot part of the heat exchanger. Before mixing this portion of the air flow with the main stream, it is heated up to the temperature required for efficient combustion of the fuel (600-700°C), by removing the heat of the exhaust gases, by means of a recuperative heat exchanger installed on the hot side of the plant, achieving a simultaneous increase in the temperature of the exhaust gases supplied to the combustion chamber, before they enter the heat exchange matrix of the regenerator, which facilitates the equalization of the temperature gradient of its frame and reduces hydraulic losses, increases the degree of regeneration.EFFECT: increased energy efficiency of microturbine.3 cl

Heat exchange unit // 2621194
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: heat exchange unit comprises a cylindrical housing with tubes for supplying the component into the housing and its outlet from the housing disposed in the inlet and outlet parts of the housing, respectively, heat exchange tubes installed inside the housing in the tube plates, profiled covers with connecting flanges installed at the ends of the housing and with the tube plates forming cavities of inlet and outlet of the component supplied through the heat exchange tubes, inside each heat exchange tube an internal tube forming an annular radial gap between the walls of the tubes is also installed in a coaxial manner. In the inlet and outlet housing parts of the heat exchanger additional bottoms are installed forming cavities of inlet and outlet of the component with the tube plates and profiled covers. The cavity of the annular radial gap between the walls of the heat exchange and internal additional tubes is connected to the cavity formed by the tube plate and the additional bottom, where the cavity between the profiled cover and the additional bottom is connected to the cavities of the internal additional tubes and to the housing cavity.EFFECT: intensified heat exchange.3 cl, 3 dwg
Radial pipe heat exchange contact device // 2621189
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: device can be used as a heat exchanger, a mass exchange device, an adsorber and a catalytic reactor. The device consists of a housing with fluid inlet/outlet pipe branches, wherein there is a coaxially installed annular heat-mass exchange unit consisting of interconnected pipes, rings and covers. The heat-mass exchange unit may be equipped with a perforated cylinder shell on which there are stops adjacent to the unshielded parts of the side walls of pipes. The connections of external rings with the housing may be expandable or split. Baffle inserts can be mounted in the near-wall and near-axis headers.EFFECT: simplified device structure.9 cl, 6 dwg
atrix of plate-type heat exchanger // 2620886
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: matrix of plate-type cylindrical shape heat exchanger is a longitudinal concentric ring channels system of the rectangular cross-section, formed by alternating in the radial direction smooth and disposed between them with solid thermal contact the remote controlled plates-turbulizers with double-sided spheroidal protruberances and cavities with the staggered arrangement order. At that one of the coolants passes in the axial direction in the opened channels from the end faces of the matrix, the other coolant passes in the circumferential direction in the closed ring channels of the same type.EFFECT: provides the adequate matrix stiffness, increase of the surface thermal efficiency and improving of the weight and size parameters of the heat exchanger.5 dwg

Composite material for thermal energy storage device and method for producing of composite material for thermal energy storage device // 2620843
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: composite material comprises thermoplastic phase change material in which with predetermined spatial distribution crystallization nuclei are implemented. The phase change material is ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene. The crystallization nuclei have higher softening temperature, in particular at least 50 °C higher softening temperature than the phase change material and/or crystallization nuclei have a higher thermal conductivity than the phase change material.EFFECT: invention provides composite material for thermal energy storage device by means of which overcooling phenomenon can be reduced.11 cl, 2 dwg

Wall adjacent drops fluid flows shaper in micro- and mini-channels // 2620732
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: in the device, including a flat mini or micro channel of rectangular cross section, one of the walls of which is a substrate of one or more electronic fuel elements located on it, a gas flow generator, a drop generator, across the mini or micro channel between the gas flow generator nozzle and the front edge of the electronic fuel element, the row of micro-holes is made, that are connected by a tube system to the drop generator.EFFECT: creation of device, that allows to achieve the effective cooling of micro electronic equipment with a local heat release.2 cl, 2 dwg

Heat exchange unit // 2620618
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: heat exchange unit comprises a housing, inlet and outlet ports of cooling and cooled medium, a set of pipes disposed within the housing, holders mounted on the housing surface with finning plates rotatably attached to them relative to the housing surface to an angle of 0 to 90 degrees, and at an angle of 0 degrees there are cavities between the housing and the finning plates, and clamps are mounted on holders to fix finned plates in intermediate positions.EFFECT: ability to control heat transfer from housing and finning plates.2 dwg

Heat accumulator for vehicle engine coolant // 2620476
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a heat accumulator vehicle engine coolant. The heat accumulator for vehicle engine coolant (8) comprises a flexible storage container (2) with an inner shell (4) and an outer shell (5), with insulating means (6) located in-between, as well as an inlet (9) and an outlet (10) for coolant (8).EFFECT: invention provides reduction in fuel consumption, structure weight, as well as accumulator adapting to the available free space by selection of its form.7 cl, 3 dwg

Vacuum radiator // 2619957
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: radiator comprises a vacuum casing formed by two sealingly interconnected sheets of material to withstand the low pressure. In this radiator body closed volume is formed, which was evacuated to a vacuum, with a broadening in the lower end of the radiator body. Inside broadening radiator casing, there is a metal pipe, filled with heating medium from the heating system, on the outer surface of which the pinholes are made in the form of grooves arranged transverse to the longitudinal axis of the metal tube, and the volume filled casing broadening boiling liquid, the level of which touches the bottom surface of the outer metal tube.EFFECT: increase in heat transfer efficiency and reducing noise during operation of the vacuum radiator.19 cl, 3 dwg
Radial plated heat and mass exchange device // 2619432
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: device can be used for performing the heat and mass transfer processes. The proposed device consists of the casing with fluids I/O nozzles. The coaxial annular heat exchange unit is installed in the device, consisting of the plates bonded together with the T-shaped connection, two outer rings and two inner covers and also the inner and outer perforated cylinder courses, at which the limit stops are located, adjacent to the unshielded sections of the plates outer side. One of the covers is connected with the input/output nozzle of one of the fluids.EFFECT: simplification of the device design and the possibility of the pressure exceeding in any of the heat exchange unit cavities above the pressure in the adjacent cavity.6 cl, 2 dwg
Radial plated heat exchange contact device // 2619431
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: device can be used as the heat exchanger, the mass transfer device, the adsorber and the catalytic reactor. The device consists of the housing with fluids input/output nozzles, where the symmetrical annular heat exchange unit is axially mounted, consisting of the even number of curved radially oriented plates with profiling protuberances, alternately connected in the axial and radial direction, two outer rings and two inner covers. One of the covers is connected with fluid I/O nozzle. The heat exchange unit is equipped with at least one perforated cylinder course, at which the limit stops are located, adjacent to the unshielded sections of the plates outer side.EFFECT: simplification of the device design and the possibility of the pressure exceeding in any of the heat exchange unit cavities above the pressure in the adjacent cavity.6 cl, 3 dwg

Experimental assembly for studying heat exchangers // 2619037
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to laboratory thermophysical measurements and, in particular, for determination of thermal, aerodynamic and hydraulic parameters of recuperative heat exchangers of different types, performed during training specialists in field of engineering equipment, tests of heat exchangers in order to determine their main parameters. Proposed experimental assembly for studying heat exchangers enables to perform thermal and hydraulic tests of various heat exchangers in order to detect actual parameters and characteristics. Also experimental assembly for studying heat exchangers can be used in educational process for laboratory works for students of engineering fields.EFFECT: obtained results make it possible to increase accuracy of calculations and to compare the effectiveness of different types of heat exchangers.1 cl, 3 dwg

Heat exchanger system with air cooling // 2618775
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: heat exchanger system (1) with air cooling includes the inlet manifold (6), containing the plurality of input branch pipes (18), extending therefrom, the heat exchanger (4), connected to the output end of each of branch pipe and containing the inlet header (31), placed on the base frame with ability to move, the outlet manifold and the plurality of heat transfer tubes (34), connecting these two headers, and the connecting element (41, 75), connecting each adjacent pair of inlet headers. The inlet manifold, inlet headers and the connecting elements have a similar coefficient of thermal expansion so, that when the inlet manifold is subjected to thermal expansion, the corresponding thermal expansion of the inlet headers and connecting elements resulted in the inlet headers movement relative to the base frame to the distance, corresponding to the thermal expansion of the inlet manifold.EFFECT: in the heat exchanger system with pipe voltage air cooling, connecting the inlet main pipe of the inlet manifold and each heat exchanger, is minimized through the use of the simple structure.11 cl, 8 dwg
Heat exchanger element and method of its manufacturing // 2618736
FIELD: heating, ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and can be used for manufacturing elements of heat exchangers that enable the creation of enthalpy exchangers, wherein the efficiency factor of the tangible energy exchange and potential energy exchange can be varied and controlled, and especially improved, the method for manufacturing the heat exchanger elements comprising a) production of the plate element with defined outer dimensions and corrugations in the area of the inner boundary side, b) punching the plate in predetermined areas and with predetermined dimensions, c) filling the perforations with a polymer enabling the potential energy release and d) the polymer hardening.EFFECT: invention can be used for manufacturing the elements of heat exchangers with the increased tangible energy exchange and potential energy exchange factors.18 cl, 2 dwg

Gas air cooler // 2617668
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: gas air cooler, consisting of the horizontally located heat exchange sections of the collector type, including the cooled gas supply and discharge chambers, containing the tubular plates with holes, where the finned tubes and the axial fan and diffuser ends are built-in. At least three deflectors of two types are rigidly mounted in the diffuser: S-shaped deflector for the heat exchanger center, consisting of two halves, forming two opposing centrally symmetric (relatively to the fan axis) the air intake channels, in each of which there are at least three adjustable rotating blades, mounted behind the air collector blades one over each other with the same pitch and the angle of the installation, and two blade deflectors for the peripheral part of the heat exchanger, mounted in the middle of the outmost heat exchangers, at that there is the window for ejecting the passive air flow from the fan central part at the bottom of each air intake duct after the rotating blades, and the rear wall of the air collector is made profiled to form the smooth entry of the airflow coming from the diffuser into the air intake outside the S-shaped deflector and providing the vertical outlet of the cooling air flow from the rotating blades inside the air intake.EFFECT: increase of the consumed air efficiency, passing through the heat exchanger sections of the gas air cooler and optimisation of the cooling air flows direction in the device diffuser center.2 cl, 5 dwg

Rotary heat exchanger // 2617514
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: rotary heat exchanger containing a frame which is divided into two cavities by a partition, where the drum core supports are enshrined in. The drum is formed by tapes of corrugated aluminium foil wound tightly on the core with a pulley wheel of the V-belt drive installed on the drum core. The frame partition with the drum on it forms channels for supply and exhaust air. The corrugations of the aluminium foil tape of the drum are made in the section on the curve of the second and higher orders or of a polygonal shape both one-sided and two-sided, wherein the corrugation hollows in the previous layer of the tape fall on the top of the corrugation of the subsequent layer of the tape. The drum is formed by a tape wound on the core and gapped on the spiral of Archimedes, rigidly connected at both edges with the aluminium plates in the form of circular meshes or perforated circular discs linked to at least three spokes on each side rigidly coupled with the core. The gap between the side surfaces of the tape is filled with a disperse material having open pores and a high U-value, for example, keramzit gravel. The disperse material is of an unusual shape.EFFECT: increased efficiency of heat recovery of exhaust air in ventilation and air conditioning systems by increasing the U-value.7 dwg

Gasket and assembly // 2617264
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: gasket (11) for placing on the heat exchanger plate (8) and the heat exchanger assembly is proposed. Gasket includes the circular section (52), disposed to enclose the opening (24) of the heat exchanger plate. The inner edge (56) of the gasket circular section forms the area (58), containing the reference point (80), coinciding with the central point (C) of the largest imaginary circle (82), which can be installed within the area. The gasket differs in the fact, that the area has a shape, formed by several angular points of an imaginary plain geometrical figure (72), from which at least one is displaced from the circle arc (92), and the same number of smoothly curved lines (74, 76, 78 ), connecting the angular points, from which the first angular point (66) of the angular points is located at the first distance (d1) from the reference point, the second (68) of the angular points is located at the closest distance to the first angular point in the clockwise direction and at the second distance (d2) from the reference point, and the third (70) of the angular points is located at the closest distance to the first angular point in a counterclockwise direction and at the third distance (d3) from the reference point.EFFECT: reduction of wear.6 cl, 5 dwg
 
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