Heat-exchange apparatus, not provided for in another subclass, in which the heat-exchange media come into direct contact without chemical interaction (F28C)

F28C              Heat-exchange apparatus, not provided for in another subclass, in which the heat-exchange media come into direct contact without chemical interaction (heat-transfer, heat-exchange or heat-storage materials c09k0005000000; fluid heaters having heat generating means f24h; with an intermediate heat-transfer medium coming into direct contact with heat-exchange media f28d0015000000-f28d0019000000; details of heat-exchange apparatus of general application f28f)(994)

Intensive steam condenser with contrast and gradient wetting // 2640888
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: intensive steam condenser with a contrast and gradient wetting is made in the form of a cooled cylinder, on the outer surface of which alternating transverse annular strips with hydrophobic coating with a gradient wetting angle and strips with hydrophilic coating are applied. Moreover, the wetting angle of the surface with the hydrophobic coating decreases from the line of the maximum value of the wetting angle to the line of the minimum value of the wetting angle.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the intensity of condensation due to the application of special coatings with gradient wetting, and due to the reduction in the hydraulic resistance during the flow of a two-phase flow along the condensation surface.3 dwg

Flat efficient condenser-separator for microgravitation and transport applications // 2640887
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: according to the invention, the condenser and the separator are made in the form of a flat cooled micro- or mini-channel of a height of H<lσ, where lσ - the capillary fluid constant, and a capillary slit shutter is formed on the side and end walls of the separator, along the line of intersection with the plane of the longitudinal section, which is a narrow flat slit gap.EFFECT: increasing the cooling efficiency and simplifying the construction of the condenser-separator with a reduction in the mass and dimensions of the device.3 dwg

Circulating water supply system // 2637341
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: circulating water supply system contains a ventilator cooling tower, at least one circulating pump connected via pipelines to an inlet with a cooling water reservoir located at the bottom of the cooling tower, and an outlet with pressure pipelines for supplying cooled water, and the pool is provided with an overflow and discharge device, while next to the ventilator cooling tower in a separate building, installed on reinforced concrete supports, there is a machine room in which the circulation pump or circulating pumps and control means, filtering room, in which filters for catching mechanical impurities are installed, mounted on pressure pipelines of circulating pumps, inhibitory room for the supply of a corrosion inhibitor in water supply pipelines, and an electrical substation, and between the ventilator cooling tower and the machine room oil separators are located on reinforced concrete supports, connected to pipelines supplying water to the ventilator cooling tower, with all pipelines are located above the ground on reinforced concrete supports, and the ventilator cooling tower is made with a rectangular cross-sectional body formed by vertical and horizontal metal beams and side walls made of facing panels, on top of the body at least one fan is installed that contains a diffuser of the fan with an impeller mounted therein with an its rotation drive, and in the body under each of the fans, successively from top to bottom, drip catchers are installed, a system of water spray nozzles, connected to water distributing system, sprinklers and a cooling water reservoir, made in the form of a sump for collecting water, ventilator cooling towers are installed on a reinforced concrete piles, installed evenly under the body. Vertical metal beams are supported on a coaxial post mounted on each pile, the height of which is not less than the height of the side walls of the sump, the horizontal metal beams forming the lower casing of the body are supported on the upper end of the reinforced concrete piles around the posts installed on them and fixed to the latter with the formation of a horizontal base under the sump bottom, wherein along the perimeter of the body, the middle section of horizontal metal beams is connected above the ground with the bottom part of piles by bracing.EFFECT: reduction of energy consumption for cooling of circulating water.2 cl, 5 dwg
Kochetov mechanical-draft tower // 2636277
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: mechanical-draft tower contains a body, a sprayer, a liquid collection tank and a fan, body consists of two parts: the upper part including sprinkler droplet eliminator between which sprayer collector with whole flare atomizers, and the bottom part of water sump tank for cooled water collection with a fan installed on it. The body is made of fine-sheeted stainless steel, and in water sump tank there is a diffuser, which represents a part of the body and connected to a ventilator, made with a plastic impeller and multiple-speed motor, which allows, in the process of work, depending on weather conditions, to modify the performance of cooling tower due to changes in air flow, and the sprinkler contains tubular elements made of thermoplastic material with lattice wall folded by layers parallel to each other. On the ends tubular elements are welded together, tubular elements are made with triangular cross-section and between each layer of tubular elements across the tubular elements along each of their end strip of thermoplastic material is padded, welded with tubular elements in places of their contact with the strip. During the welding process, end parts of tubular elements and strips laid between them are fused and during fusing process solid end walls of block are formed. The cavities of each tubular elements and the intertubular space are filled with hollow polymer spheres. The diameter of spheres is 5÷10% more than the maximum size of the grid wall cell of tubular elements, each atomizer of sprayer manifold contains a hollow body with nozzle and the central core, the body is made with a channel for supplying liquid and contains coaxially, rigidly associated sleeve with nozzle fixed in its lower part, made in the form of a cylindrical two-step sleeve, the upper cylindrical stage of which are connected by threaded connection with a coaxial with it central core, having central hole and installed with an annular gap relative to internal surface of cylindrical sleeve. Said annular gap is communicated with, at least, three radial channels made in said two-stage sleeve to communicate with annular cavity formed by sleeve inner surface and outer surface of upper cylindrical stage. Annular cavity is connected to the body of channel for the liquid supply, sprayer is rigidly attached to the central core, in its lower part, made in the form of a truncated cone, coaxial to central core hole, and attached by its upper base to the base of central core cylinder, and divider is attached to the lower base of truncated cone, through at least three spokes, which is made in the form of a round end plate whose edges are deflected towards annular gap, and on the outer side surface of truncated cone there are spiral grooves, in divider, which is attached to the lower base of truncated cone by at least three spokes and is made in the form of rounded plate, whose edges are deflected towards annular gap, throttle opening is made axially to central hole of central core.EFFECT: improving the performance of cooling tower.4 dwg
Circulating water supply system // 2636276
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: circulation water supply system provides cooling towers, interconnected by hydraulic circuits of preparing and consuming water, cooling towers have separate hydraulic circuits of preparing and consuming water, each of the towers contains body, in bottom of which at least two tanks to collect water, are placed which are interconnected by expending pipe, providing hydraulic independence of circuits of working water preparation and its consumption. One tank is connected to the pump, which supplies cooled in a cooling tower water to consumer, which again goes through a valve on the pipeline to the second tank, from which heated water through the filter and valve is supplied through pipeline to manifold with injectors located in the upper part of cooling tower body, and to the part between the filter and the valve control system of filter hydraulic resistance is installed, consisting of a pressure gauge and valve, each injector contains a hollow shell with a nozzle and a central core, shell is made with conduit for liquid inlet and includes coaxial, tightly associated with it sleeve, with a nozzle fixed at the bottom, manufactured in the form of a two-stage cylindrical sleeve, upper cylindrical stage of which is connected through the screw connection with coaxial to it central core having central hole, and installed with the annular gap relative to the internal surface of cylindrical sleeve. Said annular gap is communicated with, at least, three radial channels made in said two-stage sleeve to communicate with annular cavity formed by sleeve inner surface and outer surface of upper cylindrical stage. Annular cavity is connected to the body for the liquid supply to the central core, in its lower part sprayer is rigidly attached, made in the form of a truncated cone, coaxial to central core hole, and attached by its upper base to the base of the central core cylinder, and to the lower base of the truncated cone, through at least three spokes, divider is attached, which is made in the form of a round face plate whose edges are deflected towards annular gap, and on the outer side surface of truncated cone there are spiral grooves, and at sparger, which is attached to the lower base of truncated cone by at least three spokes and is made in the shape of a round face plate, edges are deflected towards annular gap, throttle opening is made axially to central hole of central core. External diffuser is coaxially attached to the sleeve, tightly associated with injector body, in its bottom part, and to the lower base of sprayer truncated cone, tightly attached to the central core, in its lower part. On the outer side surface of the truncated cone there are screw grooves, the internal perforated diffuser is coaxially attached in such a way that the output sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in one plane.EFFECT: improving the performance of cooling tower.3 dwg

Water cooling unit of water circulation system // 2635727
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: water cooling unit of the water circulation system contains a fan cooling tower, a catchment basin. In the cooling tower case, a water trap, a water distribution manifold with water spray nozzles and a sprinkler are arranged in series from top to bottom, and a fan is installed on top of the shell, made with a confusor-diffusor shell made of fiberglass. On the outer surface of the shell, hollow intersecting stiffeners are arranged vertically and horizontally with the formation of cells between them, and the shovel wheel installed therein, the shaft of which is connected to the rotation drive. The catchment basin is made of reinforced concrete circular in cross section, water distribution riser is located in the center of the pool made hollow of reinforced concrete, the latter is connected to, at least, one water-supply conduit, passed along the bottom of the catchment area, wherein, at least, two cooling towers are additionally installed, all of the cooling tower are formed identical, are mounted on the bottom support of the catchment basin by means of reinforced concrete poles and arranged circumferentially around the water distribution riser, and water distribution riser top is connected by piping to the water distribution collector of each of the fan tower.EFFECT: ability to reduce energy costs for cooling the return water.2 dwg

Device for generating micro-flow liquid flow in micro- and minichannels // 2629516
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: in the channel, on one side, which is the surface of the fuel element substrate, longitudinal micro-grooves are provided or longitudinal bands of hydrophobic nanocoating are applied forming micro-stream fluid flows. The hydrophobic nanocoating that confines the micro-stream flow along the edges can be applied to the inner surface of all the walls of the mini-or microchannel or only to the surface of the substrate on both sides of the electronic fuel element.EFFECT: significant intensification of heat transfer in microsystems, stable operation both in terrestrial conditions and in zero gravity, including in all non-standard situations.4 cl, 6 dwg

Inflatable chimney-type cooling tower // 2627751
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: inflatable cooling tower comprises a metal frame, water catcher, circular water distributor equipped with sprinklers, irrigator, support ring, the air intake windows in which the dampers are mounted on vertical axles, and the shell of the tower consists of toroidal rings filled with air and circumferentially separated into sections by the plates, made of a flexible, sealed, corrosion-resistant material, mounted on each other and interconnected along the annular bottom, an inner toroidal ring is mounted on the support ring and fixed to it, a compressor connected to a conduit made of a flexible, hermetic, corrosion-resistant material and consisting of a vertical flow line connected to the sections of each toroidal ring through the pipe headers connected to the circular distributor rings which are in turn connected to the each section with the section heads equipped with return valves on the sections input.EFFECT: invention improves the efficiency of the cooling tower.2 dwg

Solid cooling method and system for its implementation // 2627749
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: air flow (1), if necessary, is cooled and/or dried and/or then heated up to reduce the relative humidity of the air flow. The cooling air flow (9), thus conditioned, is then used in the contact device (7) for cooling a solid (8), and the heated exhaust air flow (11) is removed from the contact device. According to the invention, a portion (10) of the exhaust air flow (11) is mixed with the air flow (9) to preheat the air flow and thereby reduce the relative humidity of the air flow. In addition, the second portion of the exhaust air flow (18) can be mixed with the feed air (1') and used in a separate second contact device (19) for precooling the solid (8). The invention also relates to a system for implementing the process.EFFECT: improving energy efficiency.12 cl, 3 dwg
Combined cooling tower with rational water recycling system // 2624073
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: combined cooling tower with a rational water recycling system contains a body, in the lower part of which there is a water basin made in the form of a body from water-shield panels, and above the bathroom there is an air intake device made in the form of the louvered grilles located along the body perimeter. In the upper part of the cooling tower body, the axial fan body is installed, made of fiberglass and incorporating a confuser located coaxially with the cooling tower body and rigidly connected to it. The cylindrical part is coaxially connected with the confuser, inside of which a fan impeller with a gap and a diffuser are located, in which, at least, three adjustable extensions are fixed to install the fan with an integrated electric motor. In the middle part of the cooling tower body, there is a water distribution system with manifolds of variable cross-section and fixed with nozzles sprinkling water over the irrigation device fixed in the body by means of stiffeners, the recycling water system has separate hydraulic circuits for water preparation and consumption. In the lower part of the cooling tower body, at least, two water collection tanks are installed, which are connected to each other by a compensation pipe, ensuring the hydraulic independence of the contours of working water preparation and its consumption. One tank is connected with the pump supplying water cooled in the cooling tower to the user, water is again supplied via the valve and the pipeline to the second tank, from it the heated water is supplied by the pump via the filter and the valve along the pipeline to the header with the nozzles installed in the upper part of the cooling tower body, in the section between the filter and the valve the system monitoring the filter water resistance is installed, it contains a pressure gauge and a valve. Each nozzle of the water distribution system containes a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core, the body is made with a channel for supplying water and contains a coaxial sleeve rigidly connected with it with a nozzle fixed in its lower part, the nozzle is made in the form of a cylindrical two-step sleeve, the upper cylindrical step of which is connected by means of the thread joint with the central core coaxial with it, having a central hole and installed with the annular gap relatively to the internal surface of the cylindrical sleeve. The said annular gap is connected with, at least, three radial channels made in the said two-step sleeve connecting it with the annular cavity formed by the sleeve inner surface and the outer surface of the upper cylindrical step. The annular cavity is connected with the body channel for supplying water, an atomizer is fixed to the central core in its lower part, formed as a truncated cone coaxial to the central hole of the core and fixed with its upper base to the base of the central core of the cylinder, and a divider is fixed to the lower base of the truncated cone by means of, at least, three spokes, which are made in the form of an annular end plate, the edges of which are bent towards the annular gap, and on the outer side of the truncated cone there are helical grooves, and in the divider, which is fixed to the lower base of the truncated cone by means of, at least, three spokes and is made in the form of an annular end plate, the edges of which are bent towards the annular gap, there is an orifice axisymmetric to the central hole of the central core.EFFECT: improving the efficiency of the secondary energy resources by increasing the active area of the cooling tower without increasing aerodynamic resistance.2 cl, 2 dwg

Siphonous method of cooling water treatment // 2623599
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: siphon method of cooling the return water includes pumping with the help of pumps of warm circulating water through a heat exchanger with a developed contact surface. The heat exchanger is placed in a refrigerating vessel into which river water is supplied by a siphon pipeline laid along the bottom of the river upstream, due to the potential energy of the water in the river, determined by the difference in levels at which the ends of the siphon pipeline are located.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of cooling of circulating water.2 dwg

Device for the transformation of low-potential geothermal heat into electricity // 2618714
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: device for the transformation of low-potential geothermal heat into electricity contains a stack with airentrance windows at its base, a reception basin, a wind wheel connected to an electric power generator. On the circular base outside of the tower there are water-distributing system and irrigation ditch inclined pane topped with a roof that is installed above the airentrance windows. The water-distributing system is made in the form of an annular pipe with branch pipes located at the bottom of inclined planes, at the same time, the water sprayers are placed on so that the water drops fall from above on the inclined planes of the sprayer. The space between the base ring and the roof forms a heat exchange area between the warm water developed surface and the outer air current. Two horizontaly bridged wells are inserted into the unit, with the upper end of one of them connected to the ring pipe of the water distributing system through the supplemental pump, and the upper end of the other well connected to the reception basin through the valve, and connected to a fresh water source through the pump.EFFECT: introduced into the unit elements expand the area of the unit application.2 dwg

Chimney-type cooling tower fan system // 2618169
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for return water air cooling in the chimney-type cooling tower with the diffuser diameter 20…30…40 m, used in the heating and power stations, nuclear power plants and industrial plants. The chimney-type cooling tower fan system is designed as three-positioned, and has three identical fans, located in the diffuser area at the same level, uniformly along the circle in 120°. The fans consist of impellers, gear motors, stands for their layout. The diameter of the impellers dk does not exceed 0.46 of the diffuser diameter value Dd(dk<0.46Dd), and the diameter of the circle, at which the fan axis are located, does not exceed the difference of diameters Dd-dk. The impeller and the gear motor is mounted on the stand, have the common axis and connected by the coupling. Each such fan is mounted on the separate support, which is attached to the tower body by the beam channels.EFFECT: by applying three fan impellers in the fan system, the manufacture, assembly, installation and maintenance of the chimney-type cooling tower fan system is simplified.4 cl, 4 dwg
Ejection device for cooling recirculating water // 2617653
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering and can be used in recirculating water supply systems of process equipment cooled with water. Ejection device for cooling process equipment cooling system recirculating water includes a housing with a vertical and a horizontal ejection channels equipped with nozzles and an air ejection well equipped in its upper part with demisters, a receiving tank connected via main lines, which include pumps with the process equipment cooling system, with the vertical ejection channel nozzle and with the horizontal ejection channel nozzle, herewith in the lower part of the housing there is a main line for water drain from the housing into the receiving tank, an additional ejection chamber with one or more nozzles inside it, with a demister in its upper part, and one or more air inlet openings in its lower part, nozzles arranged in the additional ejection chamber connected via the main line to the process equipment cooling system, in the lower part of the additional ejection chamber there is a main line for water drain from it into the receiving tank, which has a partition with a hole in the lower part separating the water drain zone into the receiving tank from the housing and the water drain zone into it from the additional ejection chamber, the air inlet openings of which can be equipped with forced air supply elements, in the bottom part of the receiving tank a water degassing device is installed, the ejection device behind the demisters accommodates a rotary windmill. Device is equipped with an additional main line connected, respectively, to the main line of recirculating water from the process equipment and a greenhouse complex of agricultural purposes for heating the sowing ground.EFFECT: invention enables to use low potential heat of recirculating water from process equipment for heating the sowing ground of a greenhouse complex of agricultural purposes at low ambient temperatures in autumn, winter and spring periods of the year, not only providing direct water cooling, but also allowing to create the required temperature conditions in the sowing ground to grow commercial agricultural products, as well as avoiding the use of a hot water boiler operating on gas or other types of fuel, and, as the result, eliminating harmful emissions into the environment with effluent into the chimney flue gases.1 cl, 1 dwg

Cold accumulative cooling tower // 2617040
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: cold accumulating cooling tower contains a rectangular in cross-section body with an air-intake windows and air distributors, the fan unit and a nozzle atomizer of winteproof water is located in the upper part of the housing, and at least three rows of irrigation nozzles, installed in the middle part of the body with the composite elements from hydrophilic material and a tank for cooling water collection, placed below the body, and its bleeding to the consumer. Each of the irrigation nozzles is a group of spherical hydrophilic elements from fibrous material, which are suspended by means of holders to the bearing them horizontal base, forming at least three rows in the vertical direction and positioned relatively to each other in both the horizontal and vertical planes in the staggered order and providing the process gap between them. The number of spherical elements and their diameter is determined by the specified cooling tower efficiency, and the holders are made of the material, having a minimum thermal conductivity. The diameter of spherical hydrophilic elements is determined depending on the diameter of the cooling tower flow part according to the ratio 1/50. The spherical hydrophilic elements are made from the capable to absorpt the condensed moisture fibrous material, allowing multiple cycles of freezing - defrosting without loss of absorption properties, such as from cotton wool.EFFECT: invention allows to improve the economic and process efficiency of the cooling tower by increasing the nozzle packing density and thus the heat exchange specific surface value, to reduce the power consumption by the ice accumulation in the irrigation nozzles composite elements made from hydrophilic material.3 cl, 2 dwg
Condenser separator for two-component two-phase systems // 2614897
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in condenser-separator for two-component two-phase systems, containing a capacitor, a separator, a capacitor according to the invention has the form of longitudinal rib, and from both sides of ribs there is the capillary slot separator, representing the narrow flat microchannel of 10-30 microns wide.EFFECT: increase of the heat transfer rate at condensation, reduction of weight and size of the capacitor, cheaper design, power increase.2 dwg
Air precooler in the air cooling devices // 2614623
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the air cooling devices (ACD) and can be used for condensation or cooling of coolant in power plants, chemical and petroleum industries. Device for cooling or condensation of the coolant, containing a housing, a vent element, a heat exchanger, at least one member for spraying the water located before the holes in the housing for air intake from the outside and configured as a closed loop with the nozzles evenly spaced along the length of the circuit for water spraying and rigidly connected with the housing or mounted on the common base with the housing. The loop is made as two hollow tubes, connected in the upper and lower parts, so that to provide the fluid movement thereon and to provide the uniform pressure at each nozzle.EFFECT: improved air interaction with the coolant.5 cl, 3 dwg

Device of indirect evaporative cooling of compressed gas at compressor gas pipeline station // 2613791
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: device of air indirect evaporative cooling of the compressed gas comprises an outer dry channel and an inner vertical cylinder - wet channel. The internal wet side of the channel is covered by a hydrophobic capillary-porous surface. Above the upper part of the inner cylinder movable venturi tube is installed, which is provided with a wind vane. On the Venturi tube axis wind power plant with a wind wheel and an electric generator is installed. The housing is surrounded by a venturi tube fixed annular air nozzle, attached to the inner cylinder installation, inside which the top of the coil heat transfer surface of the gas cooler is installed. Coil bottom of the heat exchange surface is placed between the outlet of the inner cylinder and the inlet of the outer upright cylinder. Conduit heated gas, heated in the plenum, is connected to the upper surface of the heat exchange coil gas cooler, and the cooled gas piping is connected to the heat exchange coil bottom surface of the gas cooler.EFFECT: use of the invention allows to product the electricity in the device of indirect evaporative cooling.3 dwg
Exhaust tower of cooling tower // 2613692
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and can be used in construction of cooling towers of the tower type. Exhaust tower of a cooling tower comprises a reinforced concrete hyperbolic shell with cross sections in the form of a Reuleaux triangle, which is a constant-width figure. Exhaust tower of a cooling tower is installed in plane with one of the shell angles opposite to the windrose main vector direction.EFFECT: invention allows to enhance resistance, rigidity and the degree of streamlining by wind air flows of the cooling tower exhaust tower structure.1 cl, 3 dwg

Summer head for cooling tower // 2612678
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: summer head for cooling tower contains a solid vertical barrier of H height, attached to the vertical supports, located along the perimeter of the cooling tower neck attached with the lower end to the upper neck stiffness ring and connected to each other at a height h reference area, on which water steam trap is laid which is assembled of sections, each of which consists of a inclined fence at an angle α, which is larger than a water slope angle, trays in which without touching the bottom and walls vapour plates are omitted which are made of a hydrophilic material or coated with it, perforated with conical holes, at that, the large holes of the plate conical holes are faced down, the plates along their length are inclined towards the fence at an angle α, and inclined at an angle equal to 45° directed towards a ventilator vane wheel rotation height along.EFFECT: increased economic and environmental efficiency of the head.7 dwg

Wasteheat exchanger with boiling bed // 2612485
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: wasteheat exchanger with boiling bed contains a metal housing, a separator, water dispenser, nozzles, a movable nozzle of the hollow plastic balls, tray and support grid, wherein the guide unit and the float valve is additionally installed in the housing, and there is the vibrator at the support grid, and each of the nozzles consists of a body with a screw, coaxially arranged in the lower part of the body, and the fitting with a cylindrical hole for fluid supply located in the upper part of the body, connected to the diffuser, axisymmetric to the body and fitting, the screw is pressed into the body to form a conical chamber, located above the screw, coaxially to the diffusor and connected with it in series, at that the screw is made blind, and the outer surface of the screw consists of two series-connected surfaces, one of which represents at least a single-lead helical groove with the right or left-thread and located inside the body, and the second surface is made smooth as a rotation body, connected axially-symmetrically to the spray disk, disposed perpendicular to the axis of the body, and protrudes over the end face of the lower part of the body, wherein the line forming this surface may be either a straight line or curve line of n-power, and the spray disc surface, protruding over the end face of the lower part of the body is formed bent toward the lower part of the body and has the radial slots at the peripheral part, alternating with the blind part of the spray disc surface. The shape of movable nozzle is made in the form of cylindrical ring, on the side, inner and outer surfaces of which there is the screw thread, made in the opposite directions, or in the form of a ball, on the surface of which there are non-through holes of hemispherical shape, or in the form of a ring, on the outer surface of which the helical surface is made in the form of a plate screw, or in the form of at least a three-bladed propeller.EFFECT: increase of the dedusting process efficiency and reliability by increasing the liquid spray degree by the nozzles.6 dwg

Fan cooling tower // 2610630
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: fan cooling tower includes a housing, a spraying device, a liquid collection tank and a fan, the casing consists of two parts - the upper part, including a sprinkler and a water-drop eliminator between which the manifold of the spraying device with solid-cone spray nozzles is located, and a lower part in which a water collection tank for collecting cooled water with a fan mounted on it is located. The housing is made from sheet stainless steel and the water collection tank has a diffuser which is a part of the housing and is connected with a fan, arranged with a plastic impeller and a multi-speed motor, allowing to change performance of the cooling tower during operation, depending on the weather conditions, by changes in air flow, and the sprinkler includes stacked in layers parallel tubular elements made of thermoplastic material with a lattice wall. The edges of the tubular elements are welded together, the tubular elements are made with a triangular cross-section, and between each layer of tubular elements across the tubular elements along each their end there is strip is laid from thermoplastic material, welded to tubular elements in areas of their contact with the strip. In process of welding end sections of tubular elements are fused, as well as end sections of strips laid between them, and solid end walls of the block are formed in process of fusing. Cavities of each tubular element and tube-to-tube space is filled with hollow polymer balls. Ball diameter÷ is 510% more than the maximum size of the cell of the lattice wall of the tubular elements and the spray nozzle comprises a hollow housing with a nozzle and the central core, the housing is designed with a duct for liquid supply and comprises a coaxial bushing rigidly connected with the housing with the nozzle fixed in the lower part of the bushing, the nozzle is designed as a cylindrical two-section bushing, which top cylindrical section is coupled by a threaded connection with a central cylindrical core having a through inner central hole and mounted with an annular space relative to the inner surface of the cylindrical bushing and the annular space is connected to at least three radial ducts made in the two-secttion busshing, they connect the duct with an annulus, formed by the inner surface of the bushing and the outer surface of the top cylindrical section. The annulus is connected with the duct of the housing for liquid supply, and at the bottom of the central cylindrical core a hollow conical swirler is fixed which conical shell is fixed by means of at least three spokes fixed with one end to the conical shell of the swirler at its upper part and with the other end - in an annular groove formed on the inner cylindrical surface of the central cylindrical core. On the outer surface of the hollow conical swirler a spiral slicing is made.EFFECT: improved performance of the cooling tower.4 dwg
Combined cooling tower with rational water recycling system // 2610629
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: combined cooling tower comprises a housing in the bottom of which a water-collecting bath is located designed in a shape of a housing of water-collecting panels, and above the bath an air intake device is installed, the device is esigned in a shape of louvres arranged in a perimeter of the housing, wherein an axial fan casing is installed in the top of the cooling tower housing, the casing is made of fiberglass and comprises a confuser located above a drip catcher coaxially to the cooling tower housing and rigidly connected thereto, and the confuser is coaxially connected to the cylindrical part, inside of which a fan impeller and a diffuser are located at a clearance, in the diffuser at least three adjustable extensions for installing the fan with built-in electric motor are located, wherein in the middle part of the cooling tower housing a water distribution system with the collectors of variable section and nozzles fixed on them are located, the nozzles spray water above a fill fixed in the housing by means of ribs, a water recycling system has separate hydraulic circuits for water treatment and consumption, wherein the bottom of the cooling tower housing have at least two tanks for water collection interconnected by the compensatory tube providing hydraulic independence of operating water treatment and consumption circuits, wherein one tank is connected with a pump which delivers cooled water in the cooling tower to a water user, which flows again through a valve on the pipeline to the second tank, from which the heated water is pumped through the filter and the valve is piped into the manifold with the nozzles placed in the upper part of the cooling tower housing, and in the area between the filter and the valve a hydraulic resistance filter control system is installed consisting of a pressure gauge and a valve, and each of the spraying nozzles includes a hollow housing with a nozzle and a central core, the housing is designed with a duct for liquid supply and comprises a coaxial bushing rigidly connected with the housing, in the lower part of the bushing a nozzle is fixed, the nozzle is designed in a shape of a cylindrical two-section bushing, the upper cylindrical section of which is coupled by a threaded connection with a central cylindrical core having a through inner central hole and mounted with an annular space relative to the inner surface of the cylindrical bushing and the annular space is connected to at least three radial ducts made in the two-section bushing connecting the space to an annulus formed by the inner surface of the bushing and the outer surface of cylindrical upper section, wherein the annulus is connected with the housing of the duct for liquid supply, and in the bottom part of the central cylindrical core a hollow conical swirler is fixed, a conical shell of the swirler is fixed by at least three spokes fixed at one end to the conical swirler in its upper part and at the other end in an annular groove located on the inner surface of the central cylindrical core. On the outer surface of the hollow conical swirler a screw thread is made.EFFECT: more efficient use of secondary energy resources by increasing the active area of the cooling tower without increasing draft loss.2 dwg

Cooling tower using surface cooling // 2610369
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and can be used for air-cooling of circulating water of CHP plants, NPPs and industrial enterprises. Cooling tower using surface cooling comprises a tower that is rectangular in its cross section and air windows in its lower part, mounted on water catching basin, in which the following elements are placed sequentially from top to bottom: water catcher, water distributing collector with water spraying nozzles, fill consisting several identical blocks. Upper edge of the tower has a pyramidal neck, fill blocks are cylindrical rings, made from hydrophilic material or coated with it, and arranged in checkerboard order, close to each other, on the support grid or arranged in a pile, there is a surface cooling unit above the water surface of the basing, its design is identical to the design of the fill blocks, its upper edge is located at the same level as the lower edges of air windows, wherein the diameters Dsc of the cylindrical rings of the surface cooling unit are less than the diameters Dfb of the cylindrical rings of the fill blocks, but larger than the minimum diameter Dscmin of the surface cooling unit rings when flooded.EFFECT: technical result is the increase of reliability and efficiency of cooling tower with surface cooling.1 cl, 5 dwg

Kochetov fan cooling tower with recirculating water supply system // 2607915
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to contact coolers, in particular, to cooling towers and can be used at thermal power plants for recirculating water cooling. Fan cooling tower contains housing, spraying device, fluid collection tank and fan, wherein housing consists of two parts, upper part including sprinkler, and drop separator, between which spraying device manifold with whole flare nozzles is arranged and lower part, in which cooled water collecting water tank is arranged with installed on it fan, wherein housing is made of thin-sheet stainless steel, and in water collector tank there is diffuser, which is part of housing and connected to fan, made with plastic impeller and multi-speed motor, allowing during operation depending on weather conditions change of cooling tower performance due to change of air flow rate, and sprinkler contains tubular elements from thermoplastic material with latticed wall folded in layers parallel to each other, wherein at ends tubular elements are welded to each other, tubular elements are made with triangular cross section and between each layer of tubular elements strip from thermoplastic material is laid across tubular elements along each of their ends, welded to tubular elements in places of their contact with strip, wherein during welding melting tubular elements end sections and strips laid between them and forming unit solid end walls, wherein of each of tubular elements cavities and annular space are filled with nozzle elements. Nozzle element is made in form of cylindrical ring, on side, inner and outer, surfaces of which screw thread is made, or in form of ball, on surface of which semi-spherical shaped blind bores are made, or in form of cylindrical ring, on side, inner, surface of which partitions are fixed in form of washers with holes perpendicular to ring axis, which axes are asymmetric to ring axis, or in form of inscribable into circle unit, consisting of seven interconnected by lateral faces hexagonal parallelepipeds without upper and lower bases.EFFECT: technical result is cooling tower performance improvement.1 cl, 8 dwg
Kochetov fan cooling tower // 2607446
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to contact coolers, in particular, to cooling towers, and can be used at thermal power stations for recirculating water cooling. Fan cooling tower contains housing, spraying device, fluid collection tank and fan, wherein housing consists of two parts, upper part including sprinkler and drop separator, between which spraying device manifold with whole flare nozzles is arranged and lower part, in which cooled water collecting water sump tank is arranged with installed on it fan, wherein housing is made of thin-sheet stainless steel, and in liquid collection tank there is diffuser, which is part of housing and connected to fan, made with plastic impeller and multi-speed motor, depending on weather conditions, during operation allowing to, change of cooling tower performance due to change of air flow rate, and sprinkler is made in form of module from polymer cellular tubes layers, tubes are made cylindrical, arranged in all layers parallel to each other and welded between each other in contact points at module ends, wherein each tube cavities and intertubular space is filled with nozzle, droplet separator represents corrugated perforated sheets assembled in package, at edges fixed by frame, in form of vertical rigidly interconnected rods. Nozzle is made in form of cylindrical ring, on side, inner and outer surfaces of which screw thread is made, or in form of ball, on surface of which semi-spherical shaped blind bores are made, or in form of cylindrical ring, on side, inner surface of which partitions are fixed in form of washers with holes perpendicular to ring axis, which axes are asymmetric to ring axis, or in form of inscribable into circle unit, consisting of seven interconnected by lateral faces hexagonal parallelepipeds without upper and lower bases.EFFECT: technical result is cooling tower performance improvement.1 cl, 8 dwg

Kochetov contact heat exchanger with active nozzle // 2607441
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat exchangers. In contact heat exchanger with active nozzle, consisting of housing with support frame, made from sheet steel, irrigation system with nozzle, drop separator, active nozzle, flue gases inlet branch pipe, flue gases outlet branch pipe, upper and lower support grids, hot water outlet branch pipe, upper and lower device inspection hatches, active nozzle is made in form of ball, on surface of which semi-spherical shape through bores are made, or in form of ring, on outer surface of which screw surface is made according to plated screw type.EFFECT: technical result is improving of contact heat exchange process productivity in device.1 cl, 6 dwg

Spray grid for dropping zones or spraying // 2596076
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: splash grid comprises a support frame assembly and multiple generally parallel elements supported by the frame assembly, wherein each element has a transverse dimension, in plan view, not exceeding 3 mm, and a spacing, in a plan view, not exceeding 10 mm. Elements are made from molded plastic material that is optionally integral with the surround that forms the supporting frame assembly or is attached to the supporting frame assembly. Elements may be separately manufactured flexible filament or cord supported by a surround that forms or is attached to the supporting frame assembly. Elements are staggered in the vertical direction. Splash grid or splash grid assembly has gaps for the passage of larger objects through the splash grid or splash grid assembly without its clogging.EFFECT: invention allows to improve the thermal performance characteristics of a cooling tower.12 cl, 8 dwg

ethod and apparatus for producing solid product // 2591727
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of processing vegetable, animal, sea raw material or mixtures thereof. Method of producing solid product and liquid product from vegetable, animal, sea raw material or their mixtures contains following stages: a) heating of fine starting material by direct addition of water vapour, b) separation of heated initial material into solid product and water, c) heating and pressuring up of aqueous fluid and d) reduction of pressure water with generation as result of water vapour and liquid product, in which water vapour generated at step d) is returned to step a) for insertion into fine starting material.EFFECT: method provides solution for extraction of additional water, arising in aqueous liquid due to condensed steam.24 cl, 10 dwg

Apparatus for generating of channelized liquid flow in micro-and mini-channels (versions) // 2588917
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to micro scale cooling devices such as micro channel heat exchangers, which provide high heat transfer coefficient of the fluids in relatively small volumes. Device for generating channelized liquid flow in micro-and mini-channels, including flat mini- or micro channel with rectangular cross-section, one of walls of which is substrate of electronic heating element located on it, along channel on substrate surface on both sides from electronic heating element longitudinal micro grooves are made to limit channel width. In device also according to second version, on inner surface of channel can be applied hydrophobic coating, besides, it can be applied on surface of all walls of channel or only on substrate, wherein on substrate surface hydrophobic coating is applied along channel on both sides from electronic heating element, excluding channel flow area.EFFECT: considerable reduction of hydraulic resistance of walls and heat carrier; stable operation of both in ground, and in zero gravity conditions, including in any non-standard situations.3 cl, 4 dwg

System of heating fuel gas in compressor shop // 2583208
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and can be used in gas transport industry, specifically in heating systems of fuel gas. Fuel gas heating system includes fuel gas heater, in which tube bundle for fuel gas is immersed into solution of intermediate heat carrier contained in tank, which is installed inside fuel gas heater. Inserted into tank, there are connected to house-tube heat exchanger inlet and outlet pipelines of intermediate heat carrier, so that all said pipes of intermediate heat carrier, house-tube heat exchanger, and tank form a single circulation circuit of intermediate heat carrier. To house-tube heat exchanger feed and discharge pipelines are connected for heat-extraction water. Feed or discharge pipeline of intermediate heat carrier is equipped with electric pump connected to frequency converter, automatically changing pump RPM depending on signals coming from temperature sensors.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of power consumption due to usage of secondary low-potential energy sourse as heat-extraction water.4 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl

Aerodynamic cooling tower with external heat exchange // 2582031
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering and can be used in evaporation cooling towers of tower type. Aerodynamic cooling tower includes stack with air inlet openings in its base, water catch pit, water-distribution system, sprayer with inclined surfaces and wind wheel coupled with electric generator. In wind cooling tower water distribution system and inclined planes of sprinkler are extended from stack to outside and installed on annular base, and on top are covered with cover installed above air inlet openings, wherein annular base is made with inclination towards water-collecting basin, and its area is equal to area of base of tower, and water distribution system is made in form of annular tube with branch pipes located at bottom in inclined planes of sprinkler at angle to radius of base of cooling tower. At that, water sprinklers are installed on them, directed so that water droplets falling on inclined planes of sprinkler, located in air inlet openings at same angle to radius of base of tower, as branch pipes of circular water distributing system.EFFECT: invention allows increasing heat efficiency of cooling towers, as well as use of potential energy of return water for electric power generation.3 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of cooling electronic equipment using condenser-film former // 2581522
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and can be used for cooling of electronic and microelectronic equipment. Method of cooling electronic and microelectronic equipment is based on use of steam condenser as a film forming unit providing forming of thin wave-free films of liquid with high uniformity and quality.EFFECT: provision of more intensive, controlled and efficient cooling.1 cl, 1 dwg

Chimney-type cooling tower with descending flow of cooled liquid // 2579303
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat exchange devices of water cooling in industrial water recycling systems for removal of excess heat in various technological processes associated with its extraction. Chimney-type cooling tower includes housing (1) forming the inner space of the tower of cooling tower, in which the successively from top to bottom there are water catcher (2), a water distributor with collector (4) and pressure pipeline of heated water (6), in the lower part of the housing of cooling tower is adjustable zone of air intake (7), containing air intake openings with butterfly gates installed in them, under the housing of cooling tower there is water catch pit (11) with cold water discharge pipeline (12) cooling tower top section are located one or more devices to disperse liquid (5), grounded ionising screen with corona-forming electrodes (3), vacuum pump (10) and vacuum pipe (8), the water distributor is made in the form of one or several sections of reservoirs (4), arranged horizontally, where one or more devices to disperse liquid (5) so that their nozzles are directed downward to create descending flow, vacuum pump (10) is located on remote site of the cooling tower housing and connected with one or more devices to disperse liquid (5) vacuum pipe (8), grounded ionising screen with corona-forming electrodes (3) are located horizontally under water trap (2) and serve for generation of “electric wind”.EFFECT: invention allows increasing efficiency of process liquid cooling hydroaerothermal, minimising power consumption, simplifying the design of cooling tower and its operation, reducing the cost of construction, as well as reducing geometric dimensions at comparability characteristics.4 cl, 1 dwg

echanical-draft tower // 2576948
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: claimed tower comprises the blower with nanomaterial of glass-like film applied on top and bottom surfaces of the blower each vane. Said nanocoating represents a resource saving design with the depth decreasing from the vane base to periphery.EFFECT: lower power input related with blower vanes replacement jobs.5 dwg

Fan cooling tower // 2575244
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the heat-power engineering, can be used for circulated water cooling. The fan cooling tower contains an exhaust tower with air-duct openings along the perimeter of its bottom part, an air trap, a water distribution system with contracting nozzles, and installed symmetrically relatively to the longitudinal axis of the tower, sprinkler and pond divided to sections by the partitions, each of them is made zigzag out of bi-metal with creation ion section of the alternating in staggered order confusers and diffusers, wherein the water distributing system is made by the located in pairs contracting nozzles, and on the internal surface of each pair of nozzles the curvilinear grooves located longitudinally from the large base to small base are made, wherein in the first nozzles pair the guide of the curvilinear groove is directed CW, and in the second nozzles pair the guide of the curvilinear groove is directed CCW, wherein the exhaust tower has cone nozzle with hollow shaft, on which the wind wheel with curvilinear cavities and impeller is secured, wherein the curvilinear blades of the wind wheel and impeller during mutual synchronous movement create the contracting nozzle of rotation; besides, in the hollow shaft between the wind wheel and impeller the output openings are made for the venting air, and the wind wheel is connected with electric accumulating device.EFFECT: reduced additional energy consumption die to presence of the increased humidity of the atmosphere vented air during the circulating water cooling during long-term operation.5 dwg

Fan cooling tower // 2575225
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: fan cooling tower contains the exhaust tower, wherein the exhaust tower has the fan located in its top part, temperature regulator with atmosphere temperature transmitter; wherein the temperature regulator by its output is connected with speed regulator in form of block of powder solenoid couplings, and the temperature regulator contains a comparator unit and setting unit, wherein the comparator unit is connected with input of the electronic amplifier equipped with block of non-linear feedback, and by electronic amplifier output is connected with input of the magnetic amplifier with amplifier, that at output is connected to the speed regulator. Air intake openings along perimeter of the bottom part of the exhaust tower are made in form of the combined cross-section, including lower contraction section along path of the atmosphere air supply, and larger expansion section, wherein the inclination angle of the axis of the contraction and expansion sections relatively to the pond water surface is 8-12 degrees.EFFECT: keeping of the rated energy consumption for the circulating water cooling, especially at high temperature of the atmosphere air, when reduced difference of temperatures with the pond water is observed, and intensification of heat-mass-exchange between the cooled circulating water and pond water surface is necessary.5 dwg

Ejection device for circulation water cooling // 2569980
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: ejection device for circulation water cooling in process equipment includes body with vertical and horizontal ejection channels with nozzles, and air exhaust well with drip pans in its top, collection tank connected by main pipelines with pumps to process equipment cooling system, with nozzle of vertical ejection channel, and water drain pipeline from the body to collection tank in the body bottom. Device features additional ejection chamber with one or more nozzles inside, with drip pan in its top part and one or more air induction holes in its bottom, so that nozzles of the additional ejection chamber are connected by a pipeline to process equipment cooling system, and water drain pipeline from the bottom of additional ejection chamber takes water to the collection tank, while the collection tank features a partition with a hole in its bottom part, separating area of water drain out of the body from area of water drain out of the additional ejection chamber. Air induction holes of additional ejection chamber can feature forced air feed elements. Collection tank includes temperature sensor connected by electric circuits to rotation frequency transducers of cooling water supply pump motors and to rotation frequency transducers of forced air feed element motors; rotation wind motor is positioned on the ejection device body behind drip pans; water degassing devices are mounted at the bottom of collection tank, and collection tank top is connected by exhaust gas duct to the top of ejection device body.EFFECT: efficient removal of dissolved oxygen from cooled water supplied by pipelines to process equipment, significant reduction of corrosion effect on carbon steel surfaces, improved fatigue resistance of metal and extended fail-safe and reliable operation life of pipelines and process equipment, elimination of the need to use costly stainless and corrosion-proof steels.1 dwg

Reverse water supply system // 2569798
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat-power engineering, particularly, to reverse water supply system of industrial enterprises. Claimed system comprises heat exchangers connected via forward and return lines to mixing pool. The latter is provided with cooler connected to forward line by connection pipe and provided flow rate controller and ejector. Mixing chamber of the latter is connected to return water line with pressure controller while ejector nozzle part inner surface has helical grooves connected with circular groove connected to collector of fouling. Note here that the cooler comprises vertical case with side walls and zigzag-like sectional webs to make the confusers and diffusers staggered relative to adjacent sections. Besides, flow rate controller is provided with shutter with the drive composed of the set of powder electromagnetic clutches. Temperature transducer connected to temperature controller is fitted at the forward water line. It incorporates comparator unit and master unit. Note here that comparator is connected to the input of electronic amplifier equipped with nonlinear feedback unit. Besides, electronic amplifier unit is connected with magnetic amplifier input, magnetic amplified being provided with rectifier with input connected to shutter drive speed controller. Note said webs of said confusers and diffusers are made of bimetal. Note here that internal material of diffusers features the conductivity factor some 2.0-2.5 times higher than that of the confuser internal material. Note here that heat exchangers are provided with thermoelectric generators composed of the housing with two flow-through channels for hot and cold water and the set of differential thermocouples. Hot ends of the latter are arranged inside the hot water flow-through channel while cold ends are arranged inside the cold water flow-through channel. Note here that the hot water flow-through channel input is connected via three-way valve with return water line upstream of aforesaid mixing pool. the hot water flow-through channel output is connected via return line downstream of said mixing pool. Besides, the cold water flow-through channel input is connected with forward pressure line upstream of pressure controller. The cold water flow-through channel output is connected via three-way valve with said mixing pool. Outer surface of every heat exchanger is coated with thin-fibre basalt material composed of twisted bundles extending from the straight line upstream of heat exchangers to return line downstream thereof.EFFECT: maintenance of rated power costs due to reduced heat losses.2 dwg

Fan cooling tower // 2562343
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: fan cooling tower contains a housing with air inlet windows, a sprinkler formed by several stages, a water distributor, a condensed moisture separator, each stage of the cooling tower sprinkler is fitted with an individual air inlet window, total number of stages of the sprinkler is, at least, three, and the sprinkler stages are placed in the cooling tower housing horizontally and in series one above another. In each air inlet window of all sprinkler stages the axial injection electric ventilation units are installed.EFFECT: increase of heat and mass exchange efficiency of the cooling tower.3 cl, 2 dwg

echanical-draft cooling tower // 2561225
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: mechanical-draft cooling tower comprises an exhaust tower with air inlet windows along the perimeter of its lower part, coated from the outer surface by thin-fibre basalt material arranged as twisted bundles that are longitudinally extended from bottom up.EFFECT: reduced energy intensity due to maintenance of stability of heat mass exchange under conditions of various temperature effects of environment at external surface of an exhaust tower by provision of permanence of microclimate in its inner volume.4 dwg

Device for fluid collection and distribution for mass-transfer column and method using above device // 2559961
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to devices and methods maintaining contact of steam with fluid. The device for fluid collection and distribution installed in the column comprised of outer casing and inner area wherein mass transfer and/or thermal exchange takes place, comprises a fluid collecting tank passing across inner area of the column and containing multitude of collecting channels passing in longitudinal direction in parallel to each other in order to collect fluid descending within limits of the column inner area, at that collecting channels have drains to discharge fluid collected by collecting channels; at least one frame passing across inner area of the column and having opposite ends supported by the column casing, moreover the frame is placed under fluid collecting tank and supports it; fluid distributor is placed under the frame and supported by the latter; and inner fluid passage formed in the frame and designed to receive fluid discharged from outlets of the collecting channels and to transport it to the fluid distributor.EFFECT: invention allows maintenance of the fluid collecting tank, packing material layer and fluid distributor without supporting structures for each of the above elements.20 cl, 12 dwg

Chimney-type cooling tower // 2554370
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering, namely to chimney-type cooling towers for cooling of recycled water of industrial enterprises. A cooling tower includes a chimney in the form of a flattened pyramid or a hyperboloid of rotations. The chimney opening ends with an upper stiffening ring with railings on outer and inner sides of the chimney. Along the whole perimeter of the chimney opening there installed on the plane of the upper stiffening ring is a wind-guiding sectional device so that a solid surface can be formed, which consists of ambient air dissecting and guide flap plates located throughout the height one above another at the distance between their axial lines of 150-1000 mm to the height of 1.0-5.0 m from the upper stiffening ring; with that, an angle of position of flap plate planes to horizon is 0-80°.EFFECT: invention allows reducing aerodynamic resistance and increasing cooling efficiency of a chimney-type cooling tower.1 dwg

Cooling tower of bg type // 2554131
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: cooling tower contains tower with installed in it water distribution system, water trap and sprinkler. In the tower bottom part there are air intake windows and basin, and butterfly dampers are installed on vertical axes in the air outlet windows. Area before each damper is divided by the vertical axis to two unequal parts, the water distribution system is made by the identical, flat, near installed water spraying sections installed under the water trap and above sprayer. The water spraying sections are connected to the water supply risers, the water distributing system is made by two water spraying section, each section is connected to own water supply pipeline located under the sprayer above the basin by means of the water supply risers, each of them at output is connected to own horizontal water distributing pipeline in its middle. The later are installed parallel to each other and are connected with system of parallel water delivery pipelines, on which the water spraying nozzles are installed; they are uniformly distributed along the water delivery pipelines, bore diameter of the water distributing pipelines is reduced gradually in the direction from the point of connection to the water supply riser. The water spraying sections are located symmetrically relatively to the vertical axis of the cooling tower, each section is equipped with one water supply riser, the section risers are located in parallel to each other along the vertical axis of the cooling tower; the water distributing pipelines are located along diameter of the inscribed circle of the tower cross-section; to the water distributing pipelines the parallel water drainage pipelines are connected, using them the water distributing pipelines are connected with the water delivery pipelines, the water drainage pipelines are made gradually reducing in direction from the water delivery pipeline to the wall of the cooling tower, and are located at right angle to the water distributing pipelines, the and sections of the water drainage pipelines of each section are connected with each other by the peripheral pipelines located along the inscribed circle of the tower cross-section, and water spraying nozzles of the adjacent water delivery pipelines are located in staggered order relatively to each other.EFFECT: increased water uniformity between the water spraying sections and along cross-section of the cooling towers, and due to this power consumption decreasing for water cooling.3 dwg

Operating method of chimney-type and fan cooling tower of evaporative type and device for its implementation // 2552212
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in cooling towers of industrial enterprises and thermal power plants. Essence of the proposed method consists in the fact that in a closed recirculating cycle of the cooling tower, which is formed with cooling tower 1, air treatment device 2, steam/gas/air pipelines 3 and condensate pipelines 4 there installed is capacitive accumulator-regulator 5 of water condensate, with that, accumulator-regulator 5 of water condensate is a regulator for maintenance of the required water volume of the cooling tower and a service water supply system and at the same time the primary condensation heat storage, with that, phase heat accumulator-regulator 6 with heat capacitive substance is installed, with that, condensation of a steam-gas-air mixture takes place in the air treatment device on a cooling heat exchange surface with the temperature equal to or lower than a dew point, with that, the heat exchange surface is shaped with one or more subsequent methods: heat exchange tubes via which working process liquid circulates with the temperature equal to or lower than dew point, operation of a cooling plant, introduction to the steam-gas-air mixture of cold liquid or solid particles, by compression of the steam-gas-air mixture, with that, the heat exchange surface is shaped with one or more subsequent methods: heat exchange tubes via which working process liquid circulates with the temperature equal to or lower than dew point, by operation of the cooling plant, introduction to the steam-gas-air mixture of cold liquid or solid particles, by compression of the steam-gas-air mixture so that condensed phase can be thermodynamically more stable than gaseous one at achieved values of temperature and pressure, with that, condensation heat from the recirculating cycle is collected in the heat accumulator-regulator, from which it is supplied with heat pump 7 to a heat consumer for its intended purpose 8, with that, recirculation of the steam-gas-air mixture and air cleaned from moisture and cooled is performed in the closed recirculating cycle due to increasing difference of pressures of saturated steam and non-saturated steam in air cleaned from moisture and cooled and forced air supply with suction or pressure fan 9, with that, cooling of water below temperature values of wet-bulb thermometer of atmospheric air occurs and dependence of operation of the cooling tower on an external water source, on state of atmospheric air is reduced, and high concentration of heat accumulation is achieved, with that, excess air volume is removed through control valve 10 and refilled through an inlet valve.EFFECT: invention allows controlling and maintaining the required water volume of a cooling tower and a service water supply system.4 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of vaporising chimney-type and mechanical-draft cooling tower operation and device for method implementation // 2552028
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in cooling towers of industrial facilities and power plants. Method involves installation of capacitive accumulator 5 for water condensate control in closed recirculation loop of cooling tower, formed by cooling tower 1, air treatment device 2, steam and air ducts 3 and condensate pipelines 4, where accumulator for water condensate control serves also for required water volume maintenance in the cooling tower and process water supply system and for primary accumulation of condensation heat; phase accumulator for heat regulation with heat-absorbing material 6 is installed; condensation of steam and air mix is performed in air treatment device on the cooling surface of heat exchange at temperature equal or below dew point; heat exchange surface is formed by one or several consecutive methods: by heat exchange pipes where process fluid is circulating at temperature equal to or below dew point, by refrigeration aggregate operation, by adding cold liquid or solid particles to the steam and air mix, by steam and air mix compression; heat exchange surface is formed by one or several consecutive methods: by heat exchange pipes where process fluid is circulating at temperature equal to or below dew point, by refrigeration aggregate operation, by adding cold liquid or solid particles to the steam and air mix, by steam and air mix compression, so that condensed phase is more stable in thermodynamic sense than gas phase at temperature and pressure obtained; condensation heat from recirculation cycle is accumulated in heat regulation accumulator and fed from it by heat pump 7 to heat consumer at destination place 8; recirculation of steam and air mix and cooled dehydrated air in closed recirculation loop is performed by increasing pressure difference between saturated steam and non-saturated steam in cooled dehydrated air, and forced air feed by suction or forced-draft fan 9; water is cooled below temperature values of wet-bulb thermometer of ambient air, and cooling tower operation depends less on external water source and ambient air conditions; high concentration of heat accumulation is achieved, and excessive air volume is exhausted through control valve 10 and is compensated via inlet valve.EFFECT: control and maintenance of required water volume in cooling tower and process water supply system.4 cl, 2 dwg

Recirculated water cooling control method in fan cooling tower // 2550126
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: fan is installed on vertical shaft with the drive located in the machine hall under the fan cooling tower and consisting of the reducer, the hydraulic coupling, oil refrigerators and filters, the electric motor regulating the speed of rotation of a the fan shaft taking into account the temperature of chilled water and at regulation of fan shaft rotation speed in addition the temperature and pressure of lubricant oil in the reducer and the hydraulic coupling are considered, the level of vibration of the fan shaft and temperature of its guiding bearings, temperature of support bearings of the electric motor shaft, pressure and flow rate of cold water in the oil chillers, oil pressure differences in oil filters, force of the electric current passing through the electric motor winding, water level in the machine hall of the cooling tower, and the measured values of parameters are compared to the pre-set preventive and pre-emergency values and by results of comparison the pre-set rpm of the fan shaft is corrected on the regulator.EFFECT: invention allows to improve the efficiency of cooling of return water due to improvement of reliability of operation of the cooler and decrease of accident rate of the process.2 dwg

Kochetov method of recycling water supply using cooling towers // 2548700
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the contact coolers, in particular to the cooling towers, and can be used at thermal electric power stations for the recycling water cooling. Method of the recycling water supply using the cooling towers with sprinklers means that several cooling towers are connected by hydraulic circuits of water treatment and use, the cooling towers are connected such that the hydraulic circuits of water treatment and use will operate separately, at that in bottom part of the cooling tower casing at least two water gathering tanks are installed, they are connected by compensating pipe, ensuring hydraulic independence of the work water treatment and use circuits, at that one tank is connected with a pump supplying water cooled in the cooling tower to the consumer, this water is re-supplied via the valve to the second tank, from it heated water by pump via the filter and valve is supplied via the pipeline to the manifold with nozzles located in the top part of the cooling tower casing, at that the cooling tower sprayer is made as module out of layers of the polymer honeycomb pipes assembled out of corrugated plates that are welded along the corrugation edges, and structure of pipe channels comprises the following combinations: straight-convoluted, straight-inclined, convoluted-inclined.EFFECT: increased capacity of the cooling tower operation.6 dwg

Oil coke upgrading method and gas refrigerator for coke cooling // 2548088
FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.SUBSTANCE: inventions can be used in oil-processing and coke-chemical industry. Oil coke is calcinated and then cooled in two stages. At the first stage coke is cooled down to the temperature 1000°C in the gas refrigerator at direct contact of hydrocarbon gas with the cooling coke. At the second stage coke is cooled in a water refrigerator down to the temperature 100°C. The gas refrigerator for coke cooling contains a rotating cylindrical drum of the type "pipe in pipe" with the internal pipe (13) perforated with longitudinal cracks (16) and with tubular annulus divided into sections by longitudinal partitions (14) inside which cooling hydrocarbon gas contacting directly with cooled coke through longitudinal cracks (16) is supplied.EFFECT: inventions allow to decrease the content of sulphur and ashes in target coke, decrease thermal internal stresses of the refrigerator wall material, to provide reliability of operation of the second cooling stage refrigerator, to increase output of target coke fraction due to decrease of its fracturing.2 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex

Fan cooling tower // 2541622
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and may be used for air-cooling of recycled water of CHP, NPP and industrial enterprises. Fan cooling tower includes a housing rectangular in the cross section with air inlet openings at its bottom, the housing is installed on water-collecting basing on which installed is a fan unit containing diffuser in the form of convergent-divergent shell, in which placed is a blade wheel which shaft is connected to a drive of rotation; the housing is provided with water distributing collector with water-spray nozzles, sprayer, designed as several identical units assembled from vertical corrugated sheets, all these devices being arranged successively downwards. At the housing bottom above water surface of water-collecting basing there installed is a surface cooling unit made from corrugated sheets arranged parallel to movement of cooling air, which upper edges are on the same level with lower edges of air-intake openings; width of slots between corrugated sheets of the surface cooling unit is less than width of slots between corrugated sheets of sprayer units, but it is more than width of slots between corrugated sheets of the surface cooling unit upon their flooding, and outer surface of all corrugated sheets is covered with hydrophilic material.EFFECT: enlargement of area of heat-and-mass transfer between air and cooled air in fan cooling tower.5 dwg
 
2551002.
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