Apparatus for, or methods of, winning materials from extraterrestrial sources (E21C51)

E   Fixed constructions(158735)
E21C     ining or quarrying(17294)
E21C51                 Apparatus for, or methods of, winning materials from extraterrestrial sources (cosmonautics b64g)(16)
ethod of heating mars atmosphere // 2617591
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for experimental ground testing in an artificial environment. To warm up the atmosphere of Mars, locally heat the Martian deposit of natural carbonates by concentrating the sun rays on its surface. When natural carbonates are heated by concentrating the sun rays into the Martian atmosphere, carbon dioxide is released. The sun rays are concentrated by mirrors and optical devices.EFFECT: increase of technological accessibility of heating in Martian conditions.

ethod for making articles for civil and/or industrial objects on moon, mars, and/or asteroids // 2600577
FIELD: space.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods for making articles for civil and/or industrial objects on the Moon, Mars and/or asteroids. Method involves stages of providing equipment, generating electricity by means of photovoltaic panel, extraction of regolith from soil by means of excavators, electrostatic or magnetic dressing regolith, mixing of enriched minerals with aluminium powder. In obtained mixture placed into mold, reaction is initiated of self-spreading combustion to produce objects of required size and shape, suitable for connection to each other. For construction of civil and industrial objects, obtained articles are assembled by means of their connection.EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of production of civil and/or industrial facilities, reducing time for such operations.4 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of producing materials applicable for life-support manned space flights to mars, using local resources // 2600183
FIELD: space.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions intended for life-support manned space flights to Mars. Physical and chemical section is intended for producing oxygen, water, carbon oxide, ammonia and nitrogen-based fertiliser. Biological section is intended for producing edible biomass. Set of materials and devices includes physical-chemical and biological group sections for use on the Mars soil. As source material used is atmosphere of Mars and regolit.EFFECT: production of oxygen, water, carbon monoxide, ammonia, nitrogen-based fertiliser and edible biomass from available in the place of resources.8 cl, 3 dwg, 32 tbl

Ultrasonic drill // 2598947
FIELD: astronautics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to space engineering, namely to devices for soil sampling, performing channels for installation of research sensors and other devices at a specified depth, and can be used for studying planets, comets and other celestial bodies. Ultrasonic drill consists of a piezoelectric converter of electric oscillations into mechanical ones, a concentrator-amplifier of mechanical vibrations a working tool, devices of vertical displacement and swinging motion. Working tool has a peripheral tubular section with a diameter exceeding the diameter of the piezo converter and a central conical section. Between the central and the peripheral sections there are through channels. Working tool is mechanically and acoustically connected to the concentrator made in the form of a metal rod of variable cross-section consisting of interconnected by smooth transitions cylindrical sections of different diameter and length, herewith the concentrator section connected with the tool in a cone-like manner changes the diameter from the diameter of the connection site to the diameter of the piezo converter, on its outer surface there are soil-removal channels.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency of drilling.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of mining on asteroid using artificial light // 2586437
FIELD: astronautics.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to development of space environment resources using accordingly fitted spacecrafts (SC). SC approaches to asteroid (1), covering it from both sides with manipulators (2). Materials collection unit (4) is moved and installed using special manipulator (5). Antenna (6) is deployed with help of manipulator (7). Energy from spherical solar battery (3) is supplied to multi lamp projector with concentrating light optical system installed in unit (4). Melted asteroid surface layer with it to form holes. Fused material is taken from holes, cooled, castings are placed in storage, from where they are periodically taken by separate SC operating between Earth and asteroid.EFFECT: production of limited mass of minerals on asteroid using solar energy.4 cl, 35 dwg
aintenance of life-supporting gas medium for martian station // 2573699
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: excess oxygen generated by plants is ejected into Mars atmosphere as the component of the Martian station gas mix. Said oxygen is subjected to hard UV radiation characteristic of the Mars is completely or partially transformed into ozone. Ozone accumulation in the Mars atmosphere is useful in that it can develop the tangible protective ozone ply.EFFECT: useful application of excess oxygen.

Ultrasonic drag head // 2503815
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: ultrasonic drag head is designed for drilling of ground to the depth of up to 2 metres at the speed of up to 20 mm/min per passto take samples without changing the composition. Drag head consists of an ultrasonic oscillating system with a working tool, an ultrasonic generator and a control system. Ultrasonic generator and control system are fixed on a space lander. On a waveguide of ultrasonic oscillating system there installed is a frame on which heat-insulated containers to take ground samples with a turning opening/closing mechanism, heat accumulators and a passive temperature stabilisation system are fixed. Ultrasonic oscillating system is equipped with a temperature sensor of drag head containers, which is connected to the control system of drag head. Sizes of each next element of the ultrasonic oscillating system are chosen based on compliance with resonant frequency of piezoelectric converter.EFFECT: invention is able to take ground samples without thermal destruction and evaporation of volatile components.6 dwg

Drag head // 2501952
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: drag head includes a drilling machine with a control system and a penetrator, which is fixed on a space lander. Heat insulated containers for soil sample excavation are fixed on the penetrator. The drilling machine is equipped with a temperature sensor of a penetrator tip, which is connected to the control system of the drilling machine.EFFECT: invention allows improving quality of obtained soil samples.4 cl, 6 dwg

ethod to construct mines and pits at nonterrestrial objects // 2423610
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method includes erection of the main and auxiliary shafts with a drilling rig from a shelter building, installation of sealing and heat-insulating ramps in shaft collars. One of the auxiliary shafts is erected in the form of a microscope, drilled from an exploratory well by means of its expansion from an inner mine tunnel until reaching the surface of an nonterrestrial object and used as a saving shaft, which on the surface via a gate chamber contacts with a landing complex of a spacecraft. In the saving shaft in the area of its connection with the inner mine tunnel there is a sealing heat-insulation ramp installed, drilled solids are distributed into a crater of the nonterrestrial object.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to carry out salvage operations and to ensure the necessary ventilation in mines and pits, and also to establish a connection between the shafts on the nonterrestrial object surface.4 cl, 1 dwg

Device for delivery of container with soil of investigated celestial body into autolander of space station re-entry stage and device for cargo transfer via pipeline // 2413660
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to space engineering. Proposed device comprises pipeline 5, assembly to transfer container via pipeline and assembly to prepare and load container. The latter comprises rotary support 8 arranged on fixed support 7, bush 18 to accommodate container 17 and container cover 18. Transfer assembly comprises housing 19 accommodating gas-tight sleeve 20 representing, in initial position, a flat tape. Sleeve open end is tightly jointed with housing 19. Space 22 is communicated via air line 11 and start-and-shut-ff valve 12 with compressed gas source 10. Bush 16 has spring-loaded flange 24 and is locked by pyro cotter 27. Cover 18 is locked by pyro cotter 28. Support 8 is also locked by pyro cotter and provided with spring pusher 31 with rod 32 to displace transfer assembly, together with bush 16 and container 17, to under cover 18. Pyro cotter 27 operated, container 17 is closed by cover 18. Pyro cotter 28 and valve 12 operated, sleeve 20, straightening under gas pressure, displaces container 17 along pipeline 5. Delivery of container into autolander from any direction.EFFECT: higher versatility of proposed device.9 cl, 6 dwg

Building method of mines and grooves on nonterrestrial objects // 2368784
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining, particularly to methods of building of isolated sealed mines, grooves and mountain-drilling rooms, used for shelter of people, and also for introduction of exploration work and field development of minerals in geological material of nonterrestrial objects. Building method of mines and grooves on nonterrestrial objects includes opening of top horizons by one of shanks, opening of bottom horizon through main shank and delivering of rock from deepening of each shank and horizon by adjacent shank. Structure of main and auxiliary shanks is implemented by boring machine with headstock from building structure - shelter, connected to spacecraft. After spudding of one or other shank on its mouth there are installed sealing and heat insulating shelves. There is continued construction at the outset of auxiliary shank, opening top horizon, then it is continued construction of main shank, top horizon connects both shanks. Delivery of rock from passing of each shank and horizon is implemented by adjacent shank through building structure - shelter and chamber gate by means of carriage bogie. Top horizon is continued to construct up to inlet to lip of nonterrestrial object, outlet of horizon is equipped by chamber gate.EFFECT: invention provides safe of drilling activities implementation and to reduce material expenses.2 cl, 1 dwg

Complex of facilities for extraction of he3 from lunar soil // 2353775
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to processing lunar soil and production of helium-3 (He3) on the Moon, including its back side. The complex of facilities for production of (He3) from the lunar soil consists of a source of micro-waves of super-high frequency installed on the lunar surface, and also of control equipment. The source of micro-waves of super-high frequency radiates waves onto a section of lunar soil surface covered with transparent for radiation elastic pressurised jacket; further He is withdrawn from the zone covered with the jacket, is liquefied and collected. The control equipment is installed in points of libration (Lagrange points) of system the Earth-the Moon and is designed to re-translate a control signal to the back side of the Moon.EFFECT: simplification of process and equipment for production of helium-3 (He3), and also possibility to produce helium-3 (He3) not only on visible side of the Moon, but on its back side.3 dwg

Complex of development tools for obtaining he3 from lunar soil // 2328599
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: complex of development tools fro obtaining He3 from lunar soil includes draft gear, drag head, transporter, and receiving and processing unit. Draft gear is made in the form of two similar devices with removable ground traction boosters attached symmetrically at the opposite sides of the draft gear. Receiving and processing unit is placed beyond excavation zone. Receiving tool comprises a number of lunar soil banks obtained by soil casting from excavation zone to the processing unit. At that, the complex includes receiver-emitter device mounted at the draft gear for preliminary soil heating.EFFECT: improved equipment operation efficiency and energy savings.8 dwg
The way to achieve sustainable development and protection of the earth from dangerous space objects and system for achieving sustainable development of civilization // 2112718
The invention relates to the cosmic energy, as well as ways and means to protect Earth from dangerous space objects: asteroids, comets, and space debris

The way to develop the lunar soil for no-3 and device for its implementation // 2055206
The invention relates to the development of soils using earthmoving machinery on the moon