Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures and ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution (E02D31)

E   Fixed constructions(158735)
E02D31                 Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution (spillage retaining means for tanks b65d0090240000)(234)

Protective coating of foundation // 2642685
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: protective coating of the foundation contains a waterproof material, glued on the protected surface, docked with the help of sealed joints. A waterproof tent material of full factory readiness with an internal layer of a heater is used as a part of protective coating. The coating also contains an additional external protective layer in the form of a plastic mesh covering and encircling the waterproof tent material along the contour of the protected surfaces.EFFECT: increasing the reliability of the protective coating of the foundation and ensuring its frost resistance, simplifying the technology of creation of protective coating of the foundation by reducing the number of waterproof layers in the coating composition.2 cl, 1 dwg
Wall drainage // 2640600
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: wall drainage includes a perforated drainage pipe fixed to the building foundation, a porous filter, and a cushioning layer of a macro fragmental material. The drain pipe is arranged under the pile foundation grillage, and the filter from a fibrous material is made double-layered, the outer layer of which is fixed on the pipe by means of a split connection, for example, a textile hooked tape, and has a free end clamped in the cushioning layer.EFFECT: ensuring the drainage operation reliability, the protection of underground parts of buildings from groundwater during prolonged peat sedimentation in foundations and mudding filters with particles carried by a groundwater flow, increasing the water level lowering depth.4 dwg
ethod of preservation and insulation of industrial deposits // 2636174
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: method of preservation and isolation of industrial dumps includes the creation of a waterproof screen under the base, pumping of the mixture. Wells are drilled from the surface of the dump. The waterproof screen is made of rock-concrete in the body and under the base of the blade at the required depth by cutting and mixing the rock with a high-pressure water-cement mortar. The mixture is pumped during the rise and rotation of the drill string through the jet formers oriented in a direction perpendicular to the axis of the previously drilled well.EFFECT: increase of efficiency of industrial dumps conservation and isolation, expansion of technical opportunities to prevent pollution on of the environment.1 cl

ethod for neutralising seismic vibrations and device for its implementation // 2625133
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for neutralising seismic vibrations includes amortisation of buildings and structures. The seismic activity areas are preliminary determined. The territory for arranging the protected structures of infrastructure facilities and that before its boundary are allocated. Damping neutralisers of seismic vibrations are installed in rows in the ground vertically and laid horizontally, perpendicular to the territory boundaries. Wherein the neutralisers of the second row are arranged between the neutralisers of the first row, and the neutralisers of the third row are installed in the spaces between the neutralisers of the second row.EFFECT: ensuring the protection of residential and industrial facilities and the infrastructure in the territory from seismic force impacts.2 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for protecting foundations of buildings and structures against dynamic effects in soil and device for its implementation // 2622279
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for protecting the foundations of buildings and structures against dynamic impacts in soil includes making at a distance from the building or structure, along its structural elements subject to dynamic impacts, a trench by drilling wells with a screw without extracting soil to the surface. The diameter and depth of the wells are appropriately equal to the length and width of the protection device, and the drilling pitch is determined by the condition of at least two wells of the loosened soil per one protection device in the planned position. Thereinafter, the protection device is submerged in the formed trench with loosened soil by means of a vibratory pale hammer rigidly installed on the protection device fastening element made in the form of a steel plate and rigidly connected to the upper butt of the protection device to the entire well depth, so that the outer wall of the protection device with longitudinal windows is located on the side of the source of dynamic impact in the soil. Each subsequent protection device on the soil surface is preliminarily connected to the protection device already submerged in the soil by means of connecting the corresponding vertical T- and -shaped locking elements mounted on the lateral outer walls of the protection device, adjacent to the wall with longitudinal windows. After submerging all protection devices, they are connected to one another by hydraulic hoses via couplings with valves, located under the upper plug on the outer wall of the protection device. Two extreme protection devices are connected to an external vessel containing damping liquid, then the cavities of each submerged protection device are subsequently filled with the damping liquid via pipelines mounted on their upper plugs.EFFECT: increasing the protection effectiveness of buildings and structures against dynamic impacts by installing in the soil the system of devices for protecting foundations of buildings and structures that reduce the intensity of impacts, increasing the reliability of the protection device performance.4 cl, 6 dwg
Residential building basement drainage method // 2614004
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: residential building basement drainage method involves trenching with a slope towards the discharge of drainage water, where perforated drainage pipes are laid in a homogeneous layer of filter material. In order to ensure free drainage, the trench bottom is made with a slope of ≥0.005. Drainage pipes with perforations made at the sides, are joint and placed on a layer of filtering material. The end of the drainage pipe is connected to the manhole through the exhaust pipe. A trash box of a sump, a check valve are installed between the drainage and discharge pipe, then the trench and the entire basement area is filled with a layer of filtering material.EFFECT: provision of continuous drainage of basement prone to flooding, where a constant or intermittent inflow of groundwater is observed, provision of a sufficient drainage area of the basement and provision of drainage construction durability in general.5 cl, 3 dwg

Profiled fabric and multiple profiled fabric system // 2612184
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: profiled fabric made of plastic for application as drainage and/or sealing fabric, wherein at least one longitudinal edge of the profiled fabric, in particular, at two oppositely lying longitudinal edges, at least one sealing element is located, in particular, a sealing strip.EFFECT: creation of a liquid-tight fabric connection, ease of this connection.17 cl, 13 dwg
Waterproofing creation method // 2609511
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to creation of vertical and horizontal waterproofing for foundations, walls, and can be used in erection of new and reconstruction (rebuilding) of existing buildings and structures. The waterproofing creating method includes surface plastering. Before plastering the foundation and the walls of the pit at the construction site are pumped by three-component mixture consisting of water-glass solution, calcium chloride and waste monomer fatty acids. The plastering is performed by spraying of the cement mortar. Then the prepared wall and bottom of the pit are coated twice with bitumen.EFFECT: provision of waterproofing of loam soils impacted by groundwater during construction and operation of buildings and structures.
ethod for elimination of water leaks in underground engineering facilities // 2602537
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used for elimination of leaks in underground parts of buildings and structures, tunnels, collectors, water conduits, foundations, underground railroad structures, etc, especially in emergency situations in conditions of inflow of water breakthrough, as well as for repair of buried structures in conditions of intense corroded concrete with visually determined corrosion sinks. Method of eliminating water leaks in underground engineering facilities includes drilling bore pits and feeding therein hardening waterproofing composition, which is fed into pre-drilled bore pits fitted with perforated tubes-injectors by separate supply into a mixing nozzle under pressure from 0.05 to 10 MPa polymer-mineral aqueous or anhydrous suspension and polymer-mineral dry composite under pressure from 0.7-1.7 MPa. Around structure a ground-polymer-mineral screen is formed, which is polymerised under action of ground water or water breakthrough into elastic waterproof membrane of required thickness, determined by geological-hydrological conditions of operation of facility. Adjustment of injection parameters, selection of carrier polymer-mineral composite is carried out using software system, including first instrument unit for laboratory determination of parameters of soil and program for simulating intra-ground screen, information from which is transmitted to a second instrument unit connected to operation of injection pumps, controlling operating parameters of constructing screen and configured for software simulation in real time of pressure at outlet of injectors, pressure at inlet of receiver-injectors, instantaneous solution consumption on port, average solution consumption per session, solution viscosity, rock fill factor, percentage of filling delivery point, wherein injectors are fitted with electronic sensors connected to software system.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of efficiency of elimination of water leaks in engineering structures.1 cl
ethod of erecting impervious screen of ground pit-accumulator of drilling wastes // 2595740
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of controlling filtration of contaminated effluents from earth pits - accumulators of drilling wastes from oil and gas wells. Method involves preparation of soil foundation, covering bottom and side walls of ground pit-drilling waste storage unit with straightening underlying layer, followed by placing of polyethylene film on underlying layer. Underlying layer is made by overlapped laying of empty paper bags from Portland cement, clay powder and other dry chemicals used in construction of well. Adjacent edges of overlapping laid empty paper bags are fixed with adhesive tape "Scotch".EFFECT: reducing labour intensity and cost of construction of underlayer film impervious screen of ground pit-accumulator of drilling wastes of oil and gas wells with simultaneous recycling of industrial wastes in form of empty paper bags, accumulated in large amount on territory of drilling platform.1 cl, 1 ex

ethod for construction of drainage warehouse housings with central horizontal buried drain // 2588547
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to civil engineering of warehouse buildings and can be used on sections with high level of ground waters. In addition to circular horizontal drainage along outline with depth of index of sole foundation arranged central drain canal along longitudinal axis of underground part of room with deep location, for example, 1.5 m below location of annular drainage. For fast reduction of level of ground water is pumped from central horizontal drains, wherein consumption of central drains makes 30 % of annular drainage. Structurally central horizontal recessed drain is made as annular drainage. First, drain pipes are laid (plastic or asbestos-cement) with calculated diameter of 75 mm (100 mm). Then around drain pipe is arranged gravel side diameter 500 mm, which for preventing colmation runs protective filter material (landscape fabric). As landscape fabric can be used needle-punched material grades "Polyfelt TS 10”, “Polyfelt TS 20”, “Polyfelt TS 30” and thermally bonded materials of grades "Typar SF 27", "Typar SF 40" with web thickness from 0.25 to 1.3 mm. From above drain tube in trench is backfilled with coarse-grained sand with filtration coefficient of no less than 5.0 m/day. Using presented method enables reduction of ground water level (curve of depression) directly in base under floors, as well as allows to exclude dangerous capillary soaking of ground both in normal (examined), and especially at high (seasonal) levels of ground waters.EFFECT: method includes development of combined horizontal circular, formation and wall of drain tube.1 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

embranes // 2581869
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a polyolefin membrane suitable for use in waterproofing applications. Membrane comprises layer (A) and layer (B), wherein layer (A) comprises a composition (i), comprising following polymer components, all percentages are by weight: a) from 10 to 40 % of a propylene homopolymer and/or copolymer, containing over 85 % propylene and having a xylene insoluble fraction at room temperature more than 80 %; and b) from 60 to 90 % of one or more copolymers of α-olefin and ethylene containing less than 40 % ethylene and having a xylene soluble fraction at room temperature more than 70 %; amounts of (a) and (b) are given with respect to total weight of (a) and (b); and layer (B) comprises ethylene homopolymer and/or copolymer having density of 0.915 to 0.980 g/cm3; said layer (B) is at least partially connected to layer (A).EFFECT: membrane has high inertness towards aggressive chemicals, has good mechanical properties, reduced surface stickiness and good heat sealability.10 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Falsework element // 2581066
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method to sealing holes in a geomembrane, connected to a pile in the field of construction. In the method of the pile (1) sealing in it′s bases (2) in the field of construction a hollow falsework element (3) is used. The method includes the following stages: 1) application of a protective layer (4) on the base (2); 2) introduction of the pile (1) into the base (2), besides, the pile (1) is arranged so that it penetrates via the protective layer (2); 3) application of a hollow element (3) of the falsework along the central longitudinal axis of the pile (1), besides, the hollow element (3) of the falsework surrounds the pile (1); 4) introduction of mineral binding substances (5) into the intermediate space (12) between the pile (1) and the hollow element (3) of the falsework; 5) connection of the protective layer (4) and the hollow element (3) of the falsework. The hollow element (3) of the falsework at the side facing the pile is equipped with a contact layer (6), which contains a composite layer (7) of a porous material and/or a sealant (8). An introduced mineral binder (5) binds substantially firmly with the contact layer and thus prevents the penetration of moisture from the base beyond the hollow element of the falsework. By this method the falsework removal may be excluded, as well as the additional stage of work, because the hollow element of the falsework remains in place as a part of the structure and serves for sealing.EFFECT: invention provides for reliable sealing of the pile and base joint.12 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of protection of pile foundation of bearing support against soil frost heave forces // 2573145
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of protection of a pile foundation of a bearing support against soil frost heave forces includes drilling of wells along the circumferential perimeter for the depth exceeding the depth of seasonal soil freezing, installation of one anchor element in each well in the form of a pipe with the length exceeding the depth of the well for the length of surface ends, and connection of the surface ends of anchor elements with the pile foundation of the bearing support. The anchor elements in the form of a pipe are made of a polymer material, which preserves high elasticity under winter soil temperatures, there are perforations at the deepened end sections of the anchor elements, through which via pipelines inserted into the tubular anchor elements they inject a hardening composition to form volume counterweights on the bottom of the wells as a result of an expanded area of interaction and engagement of the hardening composition with the soil, anchor elements and with the pile foundation. Connection of the surface ends of the anchor elements in the form of pipes with the pile foundation of the bearing support is carried out by the formation of a solid connection platform from a hardening mass, partially deepened into the surface soil.EFFECT: increased efficiency of reaction to the forces of soil frost heave, provision of stability and reliability of design parameters of the construction and operation of supports, exclusion of instances of their deviation from the vertical position.2 cl, 4 dwg
ethod of reduction of groundwaters on populated areas // 2568135
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: common network of drainage channels is created for the whole territory of the populated area on the lower edge of the populated place in lowering the terrain of the coastal zone, in which the drain channels are formed with the depth of 2-3 meters, transverse to the flow of the main river bed, and arranged parallel to each other at a distance of several hundred meters. Creation of each subsequent channel is selected using the (lowered) negative land forms near the river bed. Joining of all the formed drainage channels is carried by the total cross-channel extending along their edges from the first to the last which is directed to the river bed.EFFECT: increase in efficiency of the method, expanding the area of lowering the ground water level.

Vertical drainage method // 2563682
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vertical drainage method consists in the fact that reduction of underground water entering water-saturated soil mass is performed by means of drainage piles. Drainage piles are formed with a system for gravity discharge of drainage water from a landslide slope zone of an elevated territory in wells with diameter of 0.4…0.8 metres. Wells are drilled to the depth of 8…12 metres in water-bearing soil layers with insertion of the wells into the water-nonpermeable soil layer to the depth of 0.2…0.3 metres. Drainage piles are located along upper boundary of landslide plane of sliding with a pitch of 1.5…3 metres, but not closer than three diameters of a drainage pile. By means of a process conductor string there lowered to the well is a tight film-type holder 3.5…5 metres long, with diameter that is by 0.25…0.35 metres bigger than well diameter for temporary reinforcement and compaction of soil of well walls, which is provided with a valve and a pressure gauge for compressed air pressure control. The tight film-type holder is filled with high-pressure compressed air, and then, the process conductor string is removed. Along the location axis of drainage piles there routed by closed driving out of inspection wells is a design drainage sewerage system by cutting-out wells above the water-nonpermeable soil layer using plastic pipes with diameter of 150…250 mm, which have perforation in their tray part. After routing of the design drainage sewerage system is completed, compressed air is relieved from tight film-type holders, and the latter are removed from the wells. A charging pipe is installed in the well for well filling with local coarse soil. The charging pipe consists of a cylindrical part with diameter that is by 0.1…0.15 metres less than well diameter and with length of 3.5…5 metres, and the upper part is cone-shaped and has the height of 0.5…0.6 metres with diameter at the top which is by 0.45…0.55 metres bigger than well diameter. Well head to the depth of 0.3…0.4 metres is filled with local silty-clayed soil by compaction. Therefore, fixation of disperse soils in the landslide slope zone of elevated territories is achieved by protection of its volume against water saturation by migration influx of underground waters by means of gravity vertical drainage of the proposed design, which allows simplifying the construction process technology, reducing labour intensity, material consumption and power consumption for civil works, reducing costs for construction and operation of the facility.EFFECT: improvement of physical and mechanical properties of disperse soils of landslide slopes, protection against intrusion of underground waters, cooptation and gravity discharge of drainage waters from the landslide prism zone of the elevated territory; simpler technology of construction processes; reduction of labour intensity, material consumption and power consumption for civil works; reduction of costs for construction and operation of the facility.8 dwg

ethod for embedding filtration deformations in channel dam // 2562487
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydrotechnic and environmental construction and may be used when conducting rescue and recovery operations under water, repair of protective and regulating dams by embedding filtration passages, cracks and holes, as well as shore protection structures in the eroded river beds, canals and other facilities. Gabion mattresses filled with stone are placed along the banks of the canal bed. Cloth of woven geotextile is attached to gabion frame throughout the perimeter by means of wire. Then, the cloth of waterproof polymer geomembrane is attached by means of metal clips. In this case, the protective waterproof coating is made with margin throughout its perimeter. Waterproof geomembrane is made of polyethylene of low or high density, including made of polymeric wastes. Ready gabion structure with protective coating is placed under water on the slope by means of crane, and free filtration passage in the channel dam is sealed in the same way.EFFECT: improvement of the method.4 cl, 8 dwg

ethod for elimination of water leaks in underground buildings // 2559274
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for elimination of water leaks in underground engineering buildings includes drilling of holes and separate injection of reinforcing waterproofing solutions of cement-water slurry and liquid glass into them through the mixing nozzle under the pressure of 0.2-1.0 MPa. Cement-water slurry with W / C = 1.6-2.5, containing 5-10% from weight of amorphous silica fume cement, and 25-30% aqueous solution of liquid glass with density of 1.15-1.2 g/cm3 is used as reinforcing waterproofing solutions at the following ratio of the specified solutions respectively, wt %: 50-70 and 30-50.EFFECT: provision of safe and long-term waterproofing of underground buildings, reduction of the materials consumption.1 tbl

ethod for creation of anti-filtration coating on receivers of liquid wastes // 2555450
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the methods for prevention of soil and groundwater pollution, in particular to the creation of concrete blankets on the landfills and storage of industrial, household and mainly liquid wastes. Subgrade 1 is prepared and protective layer 2 is arranged in it. Protective layer 2 is previously placed between two layers of geotextile 3 and 4. Mixture of sodium and calcium bentonitic clay 5 is used as the protective layer 2 in ratio of 75% Na-bentonite and 25% Ca-bentonite. Layer of mineral soil 6 with surface treated with fixing agent 7 is laid on top of the protective layer 2. Polymer liquid emulsion from wastes of polyisobutylene is used as a fixing agent at t=34-40°C.EFFECT: high operational reliability, durability, as well as stability of coating on the slopes and in case of subsidences of the base are provided.2 cl, 1 dwg

Surface and ground water discharge device // 2553738
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: surface and ground water discharge device includes a longitudinal trench located along a slope of a road bed and at least one transverse trench on the high side and one transverse trench on the low side of the road bed, which are connected to the above longitudinal trench and located perpendicular to the road bed slope. The transverse trench on the high side and the transverse trench on the low side of the road bed are located in one cross section in each lowered part of relief. Longitudinal and transverse trenches are made to depth of a seasonal freezing layer and filled with drain soil. A heat-insulating layer is laid on each transverse trench.EFFECT: increasing service life of a device, which exceeds standard service life, and preserving stability of a road bed owing to preventing deformations in the body of the road bed itself by providing free filtration of ground water through soils of the road bed from its high side to the low side.1 dwg, 1 tbl

ulti-layer hydraulic insulation of underground structure (device by p.b. yurkevich) // 2539456
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: multi-layer hydraulic insulation of an underground structure includes layers of geotextile, geomembranes and an internal safety drainage layer from geonet. Hydraulic insulation is formed by an external closed layer of geotextile made from material with a property of temporary filtration unidirectional in transverse direction, external and internal hydraulic insulating layers with closed geomembranes, between which there is an internal safety drainage layer from geonet.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of hydraulic insulation.6 cl, 11 dwg

ethod for horizontal draining of waterlogged structures on pile foundations // 2539447
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for horizontal draining of waterlogged structures on pile foundations relates to construction, namely to the construction of drainage systems for the protection of structures on pile foundations against ground water logging. As per the proposed method, dewatering of a waterlogged object is achieved due to the fact that from one radial drain well developed along the outer wall outside the structure normally to rows of the load-carrying piles and equipped with a filter there passed are additional side drain wells between the rows of piles. Drilling of additional shafts is performed by means of a downhole motor and diverting devices out of the above said radial well. The steadiness of walls of the additional wells at drilling is provided by the application of hydrolysed polyacrylonitrile or other self-decomposed drill fluids. After driving of the side additional shafts is completed, the drill tool is disconnected and used for the shutoff of the well bottom, and the motor together with drill pipes is removed through a filter pipe that was drawn by means of the downhole motor.EFFECT: proposed drainage system allows solving a problem of protection against waterlogging of structures on pile foundations.2 dwg

ethod to create combined wall drainage with vertical collectors // 2534570
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: previously they make a horizontal circular drainage 1 with a tubular drain having gravel fill and wrapped in geotextile. Then a bed drain 3 is arranged under the bottom of the basement with filtering fill from crushed stone. A sink 4 is equipped with fill from coarse-grained sand. Walls 6 and the bottom 7 of the basement are hydraulically insulated. Piles 8 are driven, and a groove-and-tongue wall 9 is arranged. Perpendicularly to the horizontal drains 1 tightly to the groove-and-tongue wall 9 at the rated distance they arrange vertical perforated plastic pipes 2. Vertical collectors 2 are wrapped by a protective filtering material and are combined into a single system. For quick reduction of ground water level they apply forced pumping of water by a pump 10 from vertical collectors 2 with its further discharge into the horizontal circular drainage 1.EFFECT: increased efficiency of drainage operation.2 cl, 1 dwg

Protection method of open pit against underground water influx // 2531913
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry, and namely to development of flooded mineral deposits, as well as it can be used at unwatering of foundations and in hydraulic engineering. In order to protect an open pit against underground water influx, the main horizontal drain wells 4 are constructed normally to open pit 2 side 1. At least two opposite lying additional side horizontal drain wells are constructed out of each main horizontal drain well 4. Out of points 5, 6, 7 on the main horizontal drain wells 4 there constructed to one side in the direction of adjacent wells 4 to the right are additional side horizontal drain wells 8, 9, 10. Out of the same points 5, 6, 7 on adjacent wells 4 there constructed to the left are additional side horizontal drain wells 11, 12, 13. All the additional side horizontal drain wells are constructed till their mutual intersection and formation of a closed drain circuit. All wells are constructed at the bottom of the drained water-bearing horizon.EFFECT: providing increase of entrapment degree of breakthrough of underground water to open pit sides and reducing drilling volumes of the main horizontal drain wells owing to enlarging distance between them.1 dwg, 1 ex

ethod for creating impervious coating with bentomates on subsiding soils // 2523499
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of hydraulic engineering and can be used when creating the impervious protection of water entities, canals and reservoirs of industrial wastes made on subsiding soils. Ground base is prepared. Bentomate mattress is laid. Revetment from concrete or reinforced concrete slabs is performed. In this case, strip of bentomate mattress is placed on mattress under the joints of concrete slabs. Width of additional strip of bentomate mattress depends on geological and subsiding soil properties.EFFECT: high production manufacturability and simplification of works on creation of impervious coating is provided.2 cl, 3 dwg

ethod to arrange antifiltration screen with alternating water permeability in operated road embankment // 2519239
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: objective of the invention is development of the method to arrange an antifiltration screen with alternating water permeability in an operated road embankment with optimal parameters of cost, which efficiently reduce water filtration via the operated embankment and providing for its stability. Development of the alternating water permeability is necessary for even distribution of hydrodynamic pressure at the screen body with provision of permanent water flow along the entire screen height, and also for provision of filtration strength of the screen. The proposed method consists in the following: works to submerge injectors into soil; injection of an alkaline solution into soil; withdrawal of injectors. For strengthening they use a bicomponent solution of sodium hydroxide (GOST 2263-79) 2.5-7.5 normal concentration (density of the solution is 1.11-1.32 g/cm3) with addition of lime (1-2% of the working solution mass), injection is carried out via injectors placed vertically at the side of the embankment by stopes, with stope length equal to the sum of length of the perforated part of the injector and the reinforcement radius, injection is carried out via injectors placed vertically at the side of the embankment by stopes, with stope length equal to the sum of length of the perforated part of the injector and reinforcement radius.EFFECT: reduced filtration of water via a road embankment with the purpose to ensure its stability.2 dwg

Water impermeable membrane // 2516828
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction and relates to a water impermeable membrane. It includes a barrier layer and an adhering layer. The sealing facility is arranged in the form of a grate between the adhering layer and the barrier layer.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to create an improved water impermeable membrane and thus to reduce to the minimum propagation of cavities in a barrier layer and size of areas, where water leaked, and also to easier localise the damaged area.16 cl, 7 dwg

ethod to protect sunk buildings and structures against retaining flood with groundwater and device for its realisation // 2475597
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method to protect sunk buildings and structures against retaining flooding with groundwater consists in the fact that a distribution-filtration sand cushion is formed under the entire structure. It is equipped with an injection-washing system, with the help of which the cushion body is cleaned from clayey particles of natural mudding by groundwater washing having underwashing speed of filtration, which is developed by injection of compressed air under a foot of the underground part of the structure.EFFECT: provision of preservation of protective properties of a distribution-filtration sand cushion against retaining flooding of an underground part of buildings and structures for the entire period of their operation, provision of preservation of natural hydrological conditions of a development area.2 cl, 3 dwg
ethod to eliminate water leakages in underground engineering utilities // 2473745
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method to eliminate water leaks in underground engineering utilities includes drilling of boreholes and injection of a strengthening hydraulic insulation composition into them. The strengthening hydraulic insulation composition is injected into previously drilled boreholes by means of separate supply of the following into the mixing nozzle under pressure of 0.2-1 MPa: a cement-water suspension with W/C=1-1.5 and liquid glass with density of 1.3-1.6 g/cm3 at the following ratio of specified mixtures accordingly, wt %: 75-90 and 10-25.EFFECT: simplified technology of water leaks elimination in a defect hydraulically insulated zone of underground engineering utilities.1 tbl

ethod to hydraulically insulate liquid toxic waste ponds // 2473744
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: with the help of a vertical hollow cutter with blades for soil throwing and radial holes, soil is picked from a slot along the object perimeter, simultaneously with this, a water-polymerised material is injected into walls under pressure via holes in the cutter. Further compressed hot air is supplied into a mine, at the same time, using a mechanical shovel and a conveyor, the excavated soil is supplied into a hopper mixer, where it is mixed with the water-polymerising material, and further the produced highly fluid mixture arrives back into the mined space of the slot.EFFECT: higher extent of soil thickness protection against moisture penetration due to development of object hydraulic insulation, higher manufacturability of object protection process.1 dwg
ethod for water drawdown of vertical type in basement premises of residential houses, office and industrial buildings and storages // 2464382
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for water drawdown of vertical type in basement premises of residential houses, office and industrial buildings and storages includes organisation of a depression zone within the area of a basement premise due to installation of bore pits and a collecting-filtering trench. Inside the perimetre of the basement a collecting-filtering trench (well) is mounted having arbitrary shape, as well as bore pits, arranging the latter in the depression zone, formed by a collecting-filtering trench. Filtering material is laid into bore pits, and when loose, this material forms lower density compared to the main soil of the basement room, or perforated pipes are laid into bore pits as closed with a cover on top, wrapped with a filtering material and sprinkled with a material at the outer side, which does not contain lime. From the collecting-filtering trench at the level of its bottom a water-drain pipe is installed towards a well of a sewage or a storm water system, a check valve is installed into the water-drain pipe, or a device that prevents water ingress from a sewage or storm water system into the drainage system of the basement room. Upon completion of the drainage system assembly, the basement area is filled with a material, which does not contain lime or sand (for instance, with gravel or pebbles).EFFECT: lower ingress of ground waters, reduced wear of engineering utilities and their increased service life, provision of soil skeleton reinforcement.1 ex

Underground part of concrete wall with wall drain // 2462560
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: underground part of a concrete wall with a wall drain comprises a filtering shell made of a polymer material and vertically laid onto the external surface of the wall to form channels draining water from soil fill into the fill of a drain pipe connected to a drain header. The external surface of the wall is coated with a geomembrane, which is arranged from a polymer material and with its anchor ribs fixed to the wall and forms its protective hydraulic insulation. The filtering shell is arranged in the form of a geogrid and a filtering nonwoven material attached to it at the side of the soil fill, at the same time geogrid cells are formed by crossing rods laid one onto the other and fixed in points of crossing with each other.EFFECT: higher reliability and durability of a building or a structure, higher quality of wall protective hydraulic insulation and improved water-draining capacity of a filtering shell.2 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of surface facilities protection from consequence of deformation processes initiated by development of oil and gas deposits // 2450105
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: before commencement of exploitation in the area of deposit or underground storage of raw hydrocarbons mining-and-geological survey is performed in order to detect areas of modern relative deformations exceeding in their average annual speed 3·10-5. Geodynamic zoning of the above facilities is made. By results of geodynamic zoning positions of relief altitudes and specific peculiarities are mapped (in particular, linear structures, areas of mega-fissility, local anticlinal and synclinal structures, neotectonic active anticlinal dislocations and active faults); sign and amplitude are identified for common tectonic movements and other indices, which are prone to layers deformation and displacement in process of deposit exploitation. In process of the facility exploitation aerial and space image survey should be repeated at least twice a year. The above indices are specified at the map; their quantity, location, parameters and changes in orientation of deformation vectors are compared with the same data obtained before exploitation. When by result of next aerial and space image survey geomorphologic indices are exceeded in comparison with the same indices obtained before exploitation at least per 10% geodynamic test site is created. At that laying of survey marks and observation over their displacement is started in the areas of dynamic influence of active faults and in the areas of high modern relative deformations. When deformation values for survey marks reach hazardous values for buildings and structures in the affected area, engineering measures are taken to reinforce structure of buildings or structures or to stop operation of the underground facility.EFFECT: optimisation in reliability of control results.4 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of development of hydraulic insulation layer in foundation pits // 2434996
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method to develop a hydraulic insulating layer of foundation pits consists in laying of a layer of material with low water permeability at the bottom and slopes of the foundation pit. The material with low water permeability laid at the bottom and slopes of the foundation pit is sludge of chemical water treatment of power plants. Besides, together with the sludge of chemical water treatment, coarse hygroscopic wastes are laid, which are selected from coarse wastes of woodworking industry, wastes of improvement, wastes of stubs rooting out.EFFECT: reduced cost of foundation pits construction, improved ecological safety in recycling of chemical water treatment sludge of power enterprises.

Drain of closed type // 2424401
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: drain of closed type comprises a deep-laid trench with an incline towards drain water discharge, where perforated pipes are installed in a layer of filtering material, and also inspection wells of the drainage system. Pipes are arranged with perforation in the tray part and are laid into a homogeneous filtering material. The bottom of the trench is arranged with an incline of 0.003-0.004% and is insulated with a water-impermeable film together with the trench wall at the side of a pit or along the outer surface of the underground part of the structure, and also with coverage of the drain trench filtration fill roof or under the foot of the erected structure shoulder.EFFECT: increased efficiency of drain operation, reduced material intensity and labour intensiveness, increased manufacturability of construction processes.2 dwg

ethod to maintain initial stressed-deformed condition of soil in zone of existing building foundation // 2422592
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method to erect underground structures in an area of city development includes arrangement of a geotechnical barrier in soil between foundations of the existing building and an erected underground structure with its closing for a rated depth, erection of walls and a bottom of the underground structure. At the same time the geotechnical barrier is arranged at a rated distance from the foundation of the existing building in the form of a row of vertical drilled-injection piles with a pitch, at the same time each of them is arranged in the following manner: a conductor is installed into a previously drilled process well, filled with a cement solution with subsequent time delay until full gain of the cement solution strength. Then the formed cement stone is drilled inside the conductor, and the process well is additionally drilled to the rated depth, and then a special well monitor is lowered with side nozzles, and a washing cement solution is supplied to the monitor along a flexible sleeve, and this solution, outgoing from the side nozzles of the monitor in the form of a high-speed jet, washes the specified rated volume of soil, forming a washed cavity (a cavern), filled with a soil-cement mixture. Afterwards the well monitor is extracted from the process well, a packer is installed in its place, and simultaneously, near the process well, there are vertical collar injectors installed, so that holes of injectors are arranged in the washed cavity (the cavern), and the controlled injection of the cement solution is carried out.EFFECT: maintaining initial stressed-deformed condition of soil in the zone of the existing building foundation.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod to reinforce barrier functions of soil against hydrocarbon contamination // 2422591
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method to develop an antifiltration barrier, which prevents descending migration of hydrophobic contaminants in soils, both in the form of a separate liquid phase and also in the form of an aqueous solution, includes formation of a liquid capillary screen and arranged below the sorption barrier. Natural mineral and/or organic sorbents with high water-retention properties are applied into the upper layer of soil, with subsequent moistening of soil medium to a condition of field water capacity. When forming a sorption barrier, an activated carbon is used.EFFECT: increased efficiency of retention of liquid and water-dissolved hydrocarbon contaminants, preservation of water-physical properties of soil, increased environmental safety, reduced material intensity.6 cl, 3 ex, 3 dwg

ethod for creation of water-protective screen in basement of landfills // 2400629
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: pressure wells are drilled through landfill into water-bearing layer of rocks. Cement plug is developed in well bottomhole, and injection of grouting mortar is done in portions with delay between portions. Volume of each subsequent portion is increased relative to the previous one, and at least three first portions of grouting mortar are prepared on the basis of quick-hardening binder.EFFECT: reduced consumption of grouting mortar and accordingly reduced finance inputs.1 ex, 1 dwg
ethod for water suppression in basement premises of dwelling houses, administrative-industrial buildings and storehouses // 2395642
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and may be used to arrange drainage system to control water level in basement premises. Method for water depression in basement premises of dwelling houses, administrative-industrial buildings and storehouses includes digging drainage channels, assembly of precast filtering well, laying filtering material or perforated pipes with filtering elements into channels, installation of pump into well, which drains water from well and is equipped with connection and disconnection breaker. Drainage channels and precast filtering well are assembled in ground inside area fenced by house foundation, in order to create depression zone on area limited by house foundation. In case this area is separated by solid walls of foundation, or there are foundation screeds, shafts are drilled, which are also filled with filtering material, or in which perforated pipes are installed with filtering elements. Outlet hole of pump is connected to sewage system of the house. Connection of pump outlet to connection and disconnection breaker to sewage system of the building results in cleaning of pipes and joints in sewage system.EFFECT: improved efficiency of water level control in basement premises and reinforcement of foundations with various configuration.

ethod of protecting sunken buildings against ground water underflooding // 2385385
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of protecting sunken buildings against ground water underflooding consists in the fact that distribution sand cushion is formed, highly compressed silty-clayed soils are removed from the whole underground part of buildings. When constructing underground parts of erected buildings on natural slopes in silty-clayed soils with high level of ground water, above lower boundary of design compressed mass of ground foundation, there developed is ditch, from the depth of lower boundary of compressed mass corresponding to level of lower edge of distribution sand cushion to day surface, the slopes of which correspond to position of planes of lower side edges of design distribution sand cushion which is formed as filtration one and designed in the outline of diagrams of equal vertical and horizontal stresses corresponding to stress of natural soil in lower part of compressed mass. Height of cushion is taken equal to design depth of compressed soil mass, and width of upper and lower edges of cushion is equal; at that, it exceeds width of foundation base on both sides by the value which is determined by graphical drawing of planes tangential to diagram of equal horizontal stresses at an angle to vertical plane, which is equal to angle of internal friction of cushion material to the crossing with plane of foundation base level. Position of side edges of cushion is determined by the planes being drawn from extreme points of upper and lower edges of cushion, which are tangential to diagrams of equal vertical and horizontal stresses till they cross each other; at that, inclination angle of tangential plane to diagram of equal vertical stresses is taken equal to angle of natural slope of natural soil. Then there formed is lower body of cushion in the volume of ditch slopes and upper body of cushion in the volume of upper side edges of cushion; after that, there performed is backfilling of cavities between upper cushion body and ditch slopes with natural soil as per layer-by-layer technology; then underground part of buildings is erected.EFFECT: maintaining natural hydrological conditions in order to exclude dangerous ground water underflooding of underground parts of buildings, decreasing the scope of ground works concerning development of ditch, reducing material consumption.1 dwg

ethod of inclined mine wellhead construction in depositions // 2376419
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to well construction and may be used for mines construction in rocks being specific for high watercut and rock pressure occurrence as shearing. Method of inclined mine wellhead construction in depositions includes excavating foundation pit to root rocks not disposed to slaking, construction of foundation curb, setting of pit bottom and erection of reinforced concrete lining from bottom to top, drilling drain wells and reverse filling of foundation pit with deposition ground. In addition, draining and absorbing layer is formed from water-proof marco-fragmental materials not disposed to slaking, for example crushed stone. Drain wells are made in lining near mine ground.EFFECT: improved conditions of lining service for inclined mine wellhead constructed in open foundation pit.2 dwg

ethod for erection of underground impenetrable curtain // 2375580
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to mining, in particular to control of underground water reserves by creation of water-impermeable curtain (barrage) and to provision for reduction of underground drainage beyond the limits of curtain, to protection of environment against spreading of anthropogenic process in underground conditions, to construction in case of underground structures protection. Method for erection of underground impenetrable curtain includes tunneling of vertical shaft, drilling of horizontal wells from it, injection of strengthening and hardening solutions in them. In zone of necessary crossing of waterbearing formation or near underground anthropogenic process, vertical shafts are additionally erected, connected to each other by rows of horizontal wells, which are installed in vertical plane one above another, then, injecting hardening solution in them, underground impenetrable curtain is formed, which covers waterbearing formation from upper to lower confining layer or zone of underground anthropogenic process spreading. Curtain is made of two, three and more vertical rows of wells.EFFECT: produced curtain, which covers only thickness of waterbearing formation in underground conditions, but not depth from day surface to the lower confining layer, makes it possible to reduce material expenses, to decrease labour intensity of curtain making, to reduce terms required for curtain erection, and also to expand zone of this curtain applicability.6 dwg, 2 cl

ethod for protection of grounds and groundwater against contamination with oil and oil products // 2361041
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to methods for protection of soils, grounds and groundwater against contamination with oil and oil products, in particular to methods for creation of antifiltration screens in construction of oil and product storage, oil pipelines, sludge collectors, etc. Method for creation of antifiltration barrier that prevents descending migration of hydrophobic contaminants in soils and grounds includes formation of liquid capillary screen. Upper layer of soil or ground is enriched with natural mineral and/or organic sorbents that possess high water-retention properties, with further moistening of soil or ground medium to condition of field moisture capacity. Mineral sorbents used are zeolites, clays or dolomites in amount of 1-33% from dry ground weight. Organic sorbents used are peat, cellulose, lignin, wood chips, crushed bark, straw, biomass of cultured and wild plants or rubber crumbs. Mineral sorbents are introduced in the form of mixture with soil in layer of 20-25 cm. Organic sorbents are introduced in separate layer with thickness of 5-20 cm located under layer of soil or mixture of soil with mineral sorbent of 5-20 cm thickness.EFFECT: creation of barrier that prevents descending migration of hydrophobic contaminants in soils and grounds.5 cl, 3 dwg, 3 ex

ethod for protection of building earth foundations against suffosion processes // 2351712
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction, namely to fighting suffosion processes that occur during flooding of earth foundations in buildings, which are for instance, located in high-water bed. In method for protection of building earth foundations against suffosion processes that occur as a result of building flooding, wells are drilled in building foundations, soil in wells is sampled, specimens obtained are used to determine value of critical head gradient and critical seepage path. Water impermeable wall is erected in building earth foundation around the base, at that distance between the base and water impermeable wall, as well as depth of water impermeable wall location from daylight is selected depending on values of critical gradient and critical seepage path. Space between building base and water impermeable wall is filled with water permeable material consisting of single-size particles, and space between the base in the level of its underside and water impermeable wall is filled with the layer of water impermeable material. Drainage holes with meshes are arranged at internal edge of water impermeable wall in water impermeable layer, and filling with layer of water impermeable material is done with layer separation into sections, in every of which surface is arranged with slope to drainage hole providing water drain into hole.EFFECT: increased efficiency of building protection against suffosion processes, and also increase of operational reliability of buildings, reduction of material intensity.2 dwg

Composition and method of intra - wall detaching waterproofing // 2348768
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to construction, namely, to reconstruction and renovation of old buildings and constructions, in particular, to means and methods of intra - wall detaching waterproofing for walls protection from soil water. Composition for intra - the - wall waterproofing contains, wt %: potassium silicate with silica modulus 2.33 - 2.88 99.6-99.9, Trilon B 0.1-0.4. Method of intra - wall detaching waterproofing includes supply of the above said composition into brickwork through preliminary drilled holes periodically drying after supply according to the scheme: supply - drying - supply.EFFECT: viscosity reduction, increase of filtration coefficient, improved detaching water - proofing characteristics for protection of walls from soil water.2 cl, 2 tbl

Geo engineering barrier // 2344238
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention deals with the facilities intended for preventing or minimising ground water pollution. Geo engineering barrier includes geo engineering barrier 1 and geo engineering barrier 2 being above the first one and distanced from it. At least, one out of two barrier layers is geo synthetic barrier layer. Besides, both barrier layers define at least, partially, the limits of fluid passage. The fluid passage is provided with inlet, outlet, and fluid displacement facility. The latter is connected to passage outlet and designed so that it can create negative pressure regarding inlet pressure, thus ensuring fluid movement from inlet to outlet.EFFECT: reduction of pollution rate in facilities being protected.55 cl, 5 dwg

ethof for elimination of emptiness in post-covered space of railroad tunnel (versions) // 2342491
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to strengthening of the lower part of the section of the railroad tunnel and may be employed for strengthening of bases of buildings and constructions. Method includes feeding of mortar with filling agents. A shaft is drilled in the lower part of the section of the railroad tunnel above the detected emptiness for feeding of filling material and a second shaft for feeding of consolidating mortar. Feeding device is installed and filling material is supplied through it in the form of balls of waterproof material, density whereof equals or is greater than water density. Balls are compressed by means of a vibrations generator; entrained water is pressed out from the emptiness by balls either through holes in the rock or through the consolidating mortar feeding shaft. Having filled the emptiness with balls, feeding device is taken away and the shaft is sealed, consolidating mortar is supplied into the second shaft and having filled all the emptiness the shaft is sealed. Should there be no water in the emptiness one shaft is drilled in the lower part of the section of the railroad tunnel; where through emptiness are filled with balls compressed by a vibration generator, after that feeding device is taken away and consolidating mortar is supplied through the shaft. Emptiness been filled the shaft is sealed.EFFECT: cost reduction of elimination of emptiness.2 cl, 1 dwg

Hydraulic heat insulation of underground construction // 2340731
FIELD: construction industry.SUBSTANCE: hydraulic heat insulation of underground construction consists of metal sheets welded together and installed at a distance from reinforced-concrete enclosure structures and attached to these structures with anchors and mounting flanges. Layer of hydraulic heat-insulating material being more preferable for certain conditions is applied to enclosure structures. Metal sheets are made from Duralumin 1-3 mm thick and form the screen covering upper part of construction shape. Tubular radiators located in the space between hydraulic heat-insulating layer and screen on the screen ends throughout its length are fixed tightly on screen inner surface. Tubular radiators form series circuit, input and output of which is attached either to heating system return line from boiler house during winter season, or to hot-water supply system during summer season. Anchors are designed so that tubular radiators can be attached to them and flanges can be held down to screen sheets with nuts.EFFECT: protecting the construction from condensate formed from ventilation air.3 dwg

Protective hydraulic insulating screen // 2340727
FIELD: construction industry.SUBSTANCE: protective hydraulic insulating screen consists of flexible protective material layers and dispersed mineral material layers installed on prepared surface to be insulated. Dispersed mineral material layer 5-7 cm thick applied to insulated surface as the first layer is made from mixture containing fine-grained sand and powder clays, and lime, with the following component ratio, wt %: sand 60-70, clay 24-28, lime 5-6, mineral or chemical complexing additions 1-2. Water-permeable flexible material layer and sand drainage layer 10-15 cm are located sequentially above dispersed mineral material layer.EFFECT: preventing ingress of ground water, and reducing the cost of protective hydraulic insulating screen.5 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl

Underground construction heat-and-waterproof insulation // 2339768
FIELD: construction industry.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to underground construction and can be used e.g. during construction of civil protection facilities, underground storages, tunnels, etc. Heat-and-waterproof insulation of underground construction consists of waterproof-insulating material coat which is applied to reinforced-concrete protection structures and is the most preferable one for certain conditions. Air casing (20-30 mm thick) made from air-tight material is installed in the construction. Air casing arranged with a gap from waterproof-insulating layer covers upper part of construction outline, and its inlet hole is connected to air-preparation station which comprises either steam, or water, or electric coil air heater and fan, and its outlet hole is provided in that part of casing which is located near construction ventilation air outlet and is vented to atmosphere. Casing, on its edges and on top (along centre line) throughout its length, is equipped with strips which are made from same material and are equipped with holes to be attached to protection structures.EFFECT: protection of construction from condensate forming from ventilation air flowing through construction, and protection from condensed moisture droplets falling down from upper part of outline (ceiling) to equipment and people.2 dwg
 
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