Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials with macromolecular compounds and such treatment combined with mechanical treatment and and (D06M15)

D   Textiles; paper(37723)
D06M15                 Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials with macromolecular compounds; such treatment combined with mechanical treatment (d06m0010000000, d06m0014000000 take precedence);;(579)
D06M15/055 - Epoxy resins(6)
D06M15/07 - Cellulose esters(2)
D06M15/09 - Cellulose ethers(10)
D06M15/227 - (3)
D06M15/233 - (10)
D06M15/244 - (2)
D06M15/248 - (16)
D06M15/256 - (8)
D06M15/263 - (36)
D06M15/267 - (3)
D06M15/273 - (5)
D06M15/277 - (4)
D06M15/285 - (6)
D06M15/295 - (1)
D06M15/31 - Of unsaturated nitriles(11)
D06M15/327 - (5)
D06M15/33 - Esters containing fluorine(14)
D06M15/333 - (14)
D06M15/347 - (1)
D06M15/353 - (4)
D06M15/356 - (2)
D06M15/423 - (33)
D06M15/427 - (1)
D06M15/431 - (1)
D06M15/432 - (3)
D06M15/45 - Use of special catalysts(5)
D06M15/507 - (10)
D06M15/513 - (1)
D06M15/55 - Epoxy resins(8)
D06M15/564 - (19)
D06M15/568 - (5)
D06M15/572 - (2)
D06M15/576 - (1)
D06M15/59 - Polyamides; polyimides(7)
D06M15/592 - (2)
D06M15/61 - Polyamines(4)
D06M15/643 - (76)
D06M15/647 - (1)
D06M15/65 - Containing epoxy groups(2)
D06M15/657 - (1)
D06M15/667 - (4)
D06M15/673 - (7)
D06M15/693 - (36)
D06M15/705 - (1)

Refractory polymer composition // 2640769
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the refractory polymer composition suitable for use when applying the coating on the treated articles containing thermoplastic polymer containing vinyl acetate, and an unsaturated elastomer containing double bonds as polymeric components, where the polymer components are present in the form of a homogeneous polymer blend, and where a composite matrix is formed, vulcanized only with the use of sulfur or a crosslinking system containing sulfur, where the sulfur crosslinking system is distributed throughout the matrix and fully penetrates into the matrix, and at least one flame retardant or a combination of flame retardants. The invention further relates to articles obtained from such a composition and to composite elements coated with the composition as well as to the method for their preparation.EFFECT: producing compositions for protecting a dynamically tense component with a coating of this composition, so that the aggregate component is sufficiently refractory, in particular, complies with the standard for fire safety CEN TS 45545-2 without rendering noticeable adverse effects by the specified coating on the dynamic properties of the composite element during its service life.38 cl, 16 dwg, 5 tbl, 5 ex

Phosphorus-containing polymer, product and method for their production // 2638212
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: ferrous phosphorus-containing polymer contains a plurality of phosphorus atoms, with about 75% or more of the phosphorus atoms in the phosphorus-containing polymer present in the phosphine oxide fragments. The product comprises a textile material having, at least, one surface and a phosphorus-containing polymer located on, at least, a portion of the surface, the phosphorus-containing polymer containing a plurality of phosphorus atoms, and about 75% or more of the phosphorus atoms in the phosphorus-containing polymer are in the phosphine oxide fragments.EFFECT: method improvement.30 cl, 4 dwg, 5 tbl
ultilayer protective polymer-textile material based on butadiene-styrene thermoelastoplast // 2636500
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: material contains a base fabric impregnated with a polymer mixture including antimony trioxide, chloroparaffin HP-470, a pigment, and a mixture of nefras and ethyl acetate solvents. Herewith as a base fabric, it comprises a polyester or cotton polyester or polyamide or viscose-polyamide base weave. In addition, the material additionally contains an antistatic additive, the pigment Minatec 51 CM, and the polymer composition additionally contains butadiene-styrene thermoplastic elastomer, branched DST R 30-814 and DST R 30-00, polyvinyl chloride suspension grade PVC-C-70U, pigment organic varnish ruby SK of brand B, and a mixture of organic solvents of nefras and ethyl acetate.EFFECT: production of a multilayer material based on butadiene-styrene thermoplastic elastomer with a high level of protective properties, simplification and reduction in the cost of manufacturing process.1 tbl, 5 ex
Cleaning material // 2635158
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: material comprises a textile carrier material that is at least partially provided with a microfoam polyvinylformal (PVF) in such an amount that the proportion of the PVF microfoam in the total weight of the cleaning cloth is less than 60 wt %, preferably less than 40 wt %, at the same time the carrier material does not contain polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or contains PVA in an amount of less than 50 wt %, and the coating and/or impregnation from the PVF microfoam has a mass per unit area of 50 to 100 g/m2. A method of obtaining a cleaning material is also described.EFFECT: invention provides a creation of material which combines good cleaning properties and sliding properties with economical manufacturing and good resistance to washing.6 cl

Fiber materials and composites // 2634451
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: method of compacting a fibrous material includes adding to a fibrous material a binder selected from the group consisting of water-soluble binders, water-swelling binders, and binders with a glass transition temperature of less than 25°C. A combination of a fibrous material and a binder is obtained. A combination of a fibrous material and a binder is made to produce a densified fibrous material having a bulk density that is at least about twice the bulk density of the fibrous material. Fibrous material prior to compaction has a bulk density of less than 0.15 g/cm3, which is determined according to the ASTM D1895B method. This fibrous material is obtained by cutting fibrous raw materials from cellulose or lignocellulosic materials, including herbs, rice husks, bagasse, cotton, jute, hemp, flax, bamboo, sisal, straw, sawdust, paper, manila hemp, wood, coconut fiber, corn cobs.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to obtain a densified fibrous material of the required density.14 cl, 33 dwg

ethod for self-cleaning coating production, and coating manufactured by this method // 2632822
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method includes (a) partial or full surface coating by a mixture containing compound (5): where R3 is alkyl, R5 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl and hydroxyalkyl, R6, R7 and R8 are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, alkenyl, phenyl and benzyl, X is selected from the group consisting of chloride, bromide and iodide; and (b) subsequent partial or full surface coating by TiO2.EFFECT: coated surface has self-disinfecting properties.12 cl, 6 dwg, 5 tbl 3 ex

ultipolimeric composite structures and their production method // 2628607
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: rigid flexible composite structure includes textile construction from at least one textile layer, consisting of textile fibers, and having distribution of pores in it. The pore distribution includes a plurality of pores within the fibers in individual textile fibers and a plurality of pores between the fibers. The structure includes the first polymer that fills pores having a pore diameter equal to or less than pore diameter threshold, and the second polymer that is bonded to the first polymer and substantially fills pores having a pore diameter larger than the pore diameter threshold. Some embodiments include a rigid first polymer, such as an epoxide, and a flexible second polymer, such as silicone. The method for producing the composite structure includes selective filling in a textile layer, having a plurality of pores, only of those pores, diameter of which is equal to or less than the pore diameter threshold by the first polymer, and substantially filling the remaining pores in the textile layer with the second polymer.EFFECT: creation of composite material for coating or obtaining the skin of an aircraft having a mechanical stability suitable for forces acting on it.16 cl, 8 dwg
Water binding means for grain and/or fiber substrates // 2624302
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: aqueous dispersion of the polymer P comprises, wt %: ≥0.1 and ≤2.5 acrylic acid, methacrylic acid and/or itaconic acid (monomer A), ≥0.1 and ≤1.5 allyl methacrylate (monomer C), ≥0.1 and ≤5.0 N-methylolacrylamide and/or N-methylol methacrylamide, ≥25 and ≤69.7 n-butyl acrylate, and/or ethyl acrylate, ≥30 and ≤70 styrene (monomer F). The amounts of monomers A, C, D, E, F in total amount to 100 wt %. The aqueous binder formulation further comprises a saccharide compound S selected from hydroxypropylated potato starch, the amount thereof being such that it is ≥10 and ≤400 wt. parts per 100 wt. parts of the polymer of P. Total amount of the saccharide compound S is added to the aqueous dispersion of the polymer P. Method of producing a molded article from fibrous substrates, the use of an aqueous composition of a binder as a binder for fibrous substrates, non-cement coatings, sealants and adhesives and the use of a moulded article for the production of bituminous roofing cloths.EFFECT: providing an aqueous dispersion of the polymerizer and an aqueous dispersion of the binder, by means of which it is possible to produce moulded articles with an improved transverse rupture force index at room temperature or reduced stretching at an elevated temperature.17 cl, 1 tbl, 13 ex

Polyamide threads for clothing textiles and fabrics and items of clothes made of them // 2623219
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: thread is made from polyamide containing nylon and polyether diamine which has an average molecular weight of at least 1500 and an equivalent weight per one atomic hydrogen atom (AHEW), less than 10 percent greater than the idealized AHEW value for simple polyether diamine, wherein the amount of active amine hydrogen atoms per molecule and, thus, the AHEW value is calculated by determining the nitrogen content of the amine groups using the procedure described in the document ISO 9702. Clothing fabrics contains the abovementioned thread. The garment comprises a clothing fabric and represents a integral knitted garment or hosiery. The method of thread manufacturing lies in the fact that the melt of the abovementioned polyamide is extruded through a drain bushing containing capillary holes, and filaments are formed from the filaments coming out of the drain bushing.EFFECT: invention provides a polyamide and thread which have a high residual moisture.44 cl, 8 dwg, 4 tbl
Textile material strengthened with binder, method of its production and its application // 2622308
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: materials of the present invention are suitable for the manufacture of facing materials that can be used in manufacturing of lining membranes, roofing sheets and waterproof coatings or in the manufacture of carpets and PVC floor coverings as textile pads or as textile reinforcement. A binder system for textile materials in its composition can include: polyvinyl acetate or a polymer based on carboxylic acid derivatives; one or more starches; at least one additive selected from the group consisting of amphoteric hydroxides, salts of the elements of the first and second major groups of the periodic table, mineral additives that have synthetic or natural origin, kaolin, soot or mixtures thereof; and additives selected from preservatives, stabilizers, antioxidants, antifoams, hydrophobizing agents, UV stabilizers, fillers and/or pigments.EFFECT: invention provides a processability of a binder system for strengthening textile materials, which have an acceptable characteristic of tear resistance.51 cl
Fibrous structure, process for its preparation and application, and composite material based on fiber and resin // 2622117
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention comprises at least one thermosetting resin, as well as fixed and/or stable fiber structure. Means for fixing and stabilizing the ester is a random copolymer which is formed from dibasic acids, namely, terephthalic acid and optionally isophthalic acid and butanediol, diethylene glycol and triethylene glycol. A method of manufacturing a composite material consists in applying and fixing means to stabilise the fibrous material.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the strength of the composite material and to reduce the area of separation.14 cl, 4 tbl, 19 ex

Liquid binder composition for binding fiber material // 2621764
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a liquid binder composition for the fibrous compound materials to a fiber-reinforced polymeric composite materials, which are used for manufacturing resin impregnated preform. The liquid binder composition is an aqueous dispersion, which contains (a) one or more multifunctional epoxy resins, (b) polyarylsulfonic polymer, (c) nonionic surfactants, (d) water. Substantially, the organic solvents are absent in the liquid composition. Polyarylsulfonic polymer is comprised by repeating units having ether linkages, and optionally having a thioether bonds. The nonionic surfactant is a monofunctional or multifunctional block of grafted block copolymer containing hydrophilic and hydrophobic blocks. The resin-impregnated blank comprises the unity of fibrous materials. Fibrous materials are held together by liquid binder composition. Fibrous materials containing the liquid binder composition, comprise woven or non-woven fibers, nonwoven fibers randomly deposited fibers, tows, yarns, cords, textile ribbons as fibrous materials.EFFECT: improved properties.15 cl, 1 dwg, 5 tbl, 2 ex

Cellulose fibre based backing comprising modified pval layer and method of production thereof and use thereof // 2618724
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: backing comprises at least one surface coated with a layer containing at least one water-soluble polymer having hydroxyl functional groups, some of which has already reacted with at least one organic molecule which comprises at least one vinyl functional group and aldehyde functional group.EFFECT: providing cellulose fibre based backings designed for the silicone filming with improved properties such as crosslinking and silicone bonding while reducing the amount of used catalyst.10 cl, 7 dwg, 4 tbl, 8 ex
ethod of polymer coating producing on the surface cotton cloth // 2616048
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: described method for producing a polymer coating on a surface of a cotton fabric comprises treating the fabric with a duck method in a solution of the applied compound under normal conditions and then heat treating at 140°C where cotton fabric treatment is carried out for 30 minutes with a solution of a preformed stearyl methacrylate and glycidyl methacrylate copolymer in methyl ethyl ketone of 0.5-3% at a molar ratio of glycidyl methacrylate monomer units:stearyl methacrylate, equal to 9-7:1-3.EFFECT: cotton fabric with high hydrophobicity is obtained.2 tbl, 9 ex
ethod of polymer coating producing on the surface cotton cloth // 2616046
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: described method of polymer coating producing on the surface cotton cloth comprises treating the tissue with a dipping method in a solution of a substance applied on the surface for 20 minutes, followed by heat treatment at 140°C, in which a 1.5% solution of a pre-modified polyglycidyl methacrylate in tetrahydrofuran is used as an applied matter, wherein the polyglycidyl methacrylate is modified at 70°C in a 0.05 M solution of stearic acid in tetrahydrofuran for 20 hours.EFFECT: cotton fabric with high hydrophobicity is obtained.2 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex

Substrates containing foamed useful substances for increased advantages of substrates // 2615704
FIELD: textile and paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to absorbent nonwoven products and concerns a substrate, containing foamed useful substances. Nonwoven substrate comprises a fibre cloth, which determines the surface, and a layer of the useful substance. Useful substance is an additional composition. Useful substance is foamed and is connected with said surface of the fibre cloth by means of the creping process so, that the additional composition on said substrate forms the surface, which is more similar to a film, than the substrate. Nonwoven substrate is printed and demonstrates more improved printing in comparison with an untreated substrate.EFFECT: invention provides a nonwoven substrate for absorbent products, which demonstrates improvements, selected according to a tactile sensation, printing, bulk, elasticity/extensibility, reduction of hysteresis, ability to reduce, reduction of ripple marks and their combinations in comparison with an untreated substrate.40 cl, 10 dwg, 5 tbl, 3 ex
Process for polymer coating production on the cotton cloth surface // 2615698
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for polymeric coatings obtaining on cotton cloth surface coatings to provide hydrophobic properties, which an be used as protective, water- and dirt-repellent coatings. The method comprises cloth treatment by immersion to the solution grafted onto the cloth surface, followed by heat treatment at 140°C. At that, the cotton cloth is kept in polyglycidylmethacrylate solution in methylethylketone. The resulting polymer coating is modified with a fatty acid, selected from stearic acid, lauric acid or palmitic acid, by keeping the cotton cloth in an acid solution with a concentration of 10-50 mmol l in isopropyl alcohol and subsequent heat treatment at 140°C for 20 minutes.EFFECT: increased hydrophobicity of cotton cloth.1 tbl, 9 ex
ethod of polymer coating producing on the surface cotton cloth // 2615694
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: method comprises the fabric treating by the method of dipping in the solution of the applied compound and subsequent heat treatment at 140°C. Thus cotton fabric treatment is carried out for 30 minutes with a solution of a preformed lauryl methacrylate and glycidyl methacrylate copolymer in methyl ethyl ketone of 0.5-3 wt % at a molar ratio of glycidyl methacrylate monomer units:. lauryl methacrylate, equal to 9-7:1-3.EFFECT: increased hydrophobicity of cotton fabric.2 dwg, 3 tbl, 9 ex
ethod for production of coatings for material fire-resistance // 2614957
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method comprises application of oligo(aminopropyl)ethoxysiloxane solution of the common formula where n = 5 (I), 10 (II), 15 (III), to the material surface, air drying, heat treatment and wetting of the modified surface with aqueous nitrile trimethylene fosphosphonic acid solution with subsequent drying and heat treatment.EFFECT: invention improves fire resistance of the processed materials, and high fire resistance performance is achieved at a low flame retardant content in the coating.6 cl, 1 tbl
ethod for carbon fiber fabric production and fabrics obtained by this method // 2614679
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for carbon fiber fabric production is described, wherein the carbon fiber fabric (1) is impregnated with silicone, polyurethane or acrylic emulsion (4), which is then dried together with the fabric (1), wherein at least one protective layer (2 ) containing a film, woven or nonwoven material, is applied to one side of the fabric (1). Carbon fiber fabric (1) and lining for cars are also described.EFFECT: carbon fiber fabric with improved properties is obtained.20 cl, 4 dwg

High-strength waterproof organocomposite and preparation method thereof // 2604621
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of light-weight high-strength water-resistant organocomposites based on fibrous fillers of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) and polymer binder and can be used in elements of structures in various engineering fields: aviation, machine-shipbuilding, chemical and defense, etc. Disclosed is a high-strength waterproof organocomposite made of fibrous filler based on high-strength high-modulus multi-filament polyethylene fibres and polymer binder based on epoxy resin with amine curing agent. Surface of filler is pretreated in barrier discharge plasma with impact of pulse barrier discharge in air at atmospheric pressure when exposed to alternating voltage with frequency of 10-50 kHz, with specific power of discharge of 50-500 W/m2, at rate of treatment of 0.3-7 m/min. Method then comprises treatment with acetone of a solution suspensions metal-containing nanostructures in carbon-polymer media. Filler is then dried, impregnated with polymer binder prepared by mechanical mixing of components, and organic composite is moulded with hardening temperature not higher than 75 °C. As epoxy resin of polymer binder, organocomposite contains a mixture of epoxy-diane (A) and epoxy-aliphatic (B) oligomers in ratio A:B from 10:1.3 to 10:3. As amine curing agent - eutectic mixture of metaphenylenediamine (MPDA) and 4,4′-diaminodiphenylmethane (4,4′-DADPM) at following weight ratio from 22:78 to 78:22; and additionally contains a mixture of oligoester-cyclocarbonates, urethane prepolymer. Ratio of components in organocomposite, pts.wt: fibre filler - 250-700; epoxy-diane oligomer (A) - 100; epoxy-aliphatic oligomer (B) - 13-30; mixture of oligoester-cyclocarbonates - 10-20; urethane prepolymer - 5-25; eutectic mixture MPDA + 4,4′-DADPM - 28-45.EFFECT: invention improves physical and mechanical properties and water resistance of organic composite while providing environmental friendliness and simple process during implementation of industrial production.7 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 6 ex

ethod of producing polymer coating on surface of cotton fabric // 2603734
FIELD: textile.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing on surface of cotton fabric polymer coatings with hydrophobic properties, which can be used as protective, water-, dirt-repellant coatings. Technical result is achieved in a method of producing polymer coating on surface of cotton fabric, which involves treatment of fabric by dipping in solution of applied compound under normal conditions and subsequent heat treatment at 140 °C, Treatment of cotton fabric is performed for 30 minutes with 0.5-3 % solution of a copolymer of glycidyl methacrylate and hexyl methacrylate in methyl ethyl ketone, obtained beforehand, in molar ratio of monomer links glycidyl methacrylate: hexyl methacrylate, equal to 9-7:1-3.EFFECT: high hydrophobic properties of cotton fabric.1 cl, 9 ex, 2 tbl

ethod of imparting fibrous material water-repellent properties and hydrophobic materials obtained thereby // 2587092
FIELD: nanotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to endow fibrous material hydrophobic and/or water-repellent properties. Comprises soaking of fibrous material suspension containing nano particles of hydrophobic material and cyanoacrylate in organic solvent, removing solvent, cross-linking of said cyanoacrylate.EFFECT: such amount cyanoacrylate and such its weight ratio to nano particles for complete or partial coating of fibrous material matrix cross-linked cyanoacrylate, in which dispersed said nano particles.12 cl, 7 dwg, 4 ex

Flow method of printing wet nonwoven material and products obtained using said method // 2584203
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of non-woven material, having on its surface, distributed elements with physical dimensions, which can be used for cleaning in various applications. Described is a continuous production method of printing non-woven material, including screen printing wet material required shape using thixotropic water-based paste. Paste contains a thermoplastic polymer, a leavening agent, a rheology modifier additive for surface tension and a cross-linking agent. Concentration of solid material in paste is 15-45 wt%.EFFECT: invention provides non-woven material, having on its surface distributed elements with physical dimensions with abrasive, decorative and/or anti-sliding properties without need for expensive and labour-consuming operations of post-processing.9 cl, 7 dwg, 13 tbl, 12 ex

ethod of producing polymer coating on surface of cotton fabric // 2577274
FIELD: textile industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing cotton polymer coatings with hydrophobic properties, which can be used as protective, water-, dirt-proof coating. Method of producing polymer coating on surface of cotton fabric includes treatment of fabric by dipping in a solution of fluorine-containing compound, heating and subsequent drying, at that before processing the cotton fabric is sequentially treated in 3 % solution of poly-glycidylmethacrylate in methyl ethyl ketone and 0.1 M in solution of α-bromo-isobuthiryl-bromide in tetrahydrofuran, while processing is performed 1 M in solution of 2,2,2-trifluoro-ethyl methacrylate or 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro - isopropyl methacrylate in methyl ethyl ketone in argon medium at 80 °C in the presence of catalytic complex consisting of copper (I) bromide and bipyridine ligand.EFFECT: high hydrophobic properties of cotton fabric.1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Water resorcin-formaldehyde latex dispersion, thereof application, method for thereof obtaining, fibres with improved adhesion, method of their obtaining and their application // 2576270
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention deals with field of processing reinforcing fibres, in particular water resorcin-formaldehyde latex dispersion, thereof application, method for thereof obtaining, fibres with improved adhesion, method of their obtaining and application. Water resorcin-formaldehyde latex dispersion contains at least one carbodoimide based on compounds of formula (I): R'-(-N=C=N-R-)m-R". Water resorcin-formaldehyde latex dispersion provides excellent adhesion of synthetic fibres (cord) to resin.EFFECT: said dispersion also has the following advantage: no toxic monomer isocyanates are released in processing in further process, and it can be obtained by simple production method.11 cl, 3 tbl

Substrate, containing foamed useful agents and method for thereof obtaining // 2575263
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of absorbing nonwoven products and deals with substrate, containing foamed useful agents, and method for thereof obtaining. It includes fibrous cloth and layer of useful agent, wherein useful agent is selected from additive composition, intensifying component and their combinations, with useful agent being in foamed condition and fixed on the surface of fibrous cloth as a result of creping. Method for creping nonwoven substrate includes the following stages: (a) provision of presence of nonwoven substrate; (b) placement of applicator near hot impermeable drying surface; (c) application of aqueous foamed useful agent on drying surface by means of applicator; (d) formation of adhesive film on drying surface by foamed useful agent; (e) direct fixation of nonwoven substrate with adhesive film, located on drying surface; and (f) scraping of fixed nonwoven substrate and adhesive film from drying surface.EFFECT: invention provides creation of method for application of additive composition as such, or in combination with softness-intensifying particles, on the surface of drying device and finally, on substrate in order to achieve substrate with increased softness.20 cl, 17 dwg, 17 tbl, 10 ex

Water resorcinol-formaldehyde latex dispersions, adhesion promoter composition, fibres with improved adhesion, methods of obtaining and application thereof // 2573874
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water resorcinol-formaldehyde latex dispersion, composition of adhesion promoter, fibres with improved adhesion, method for obtaining and application thereof for improvement of adhesion in tyres. Resorcinol-formaldehyde latex dispersion contains at least one diisocyanate of formula , where X stands for and/or and where n, m can be similar or different and correspond to 1, 2, 3 or 4 and R and R' can be similar or different and represent C1-C4-alkyl, which is superficially deactivated by exchange reaction with at least one mono-, di- or polyamine.EFFECT: claimed latex dispersion provides good adhesion in small concentration.10 cl, 5 tbl

Carbodiimide-based adhesion promoter, adhesion promoter-containing water resorcinol-formaldehyde latex dispersion, fibres with improved adhesion, adhesion promoter compositions, methods of obtaining and application thereof // 2573525
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to adhesion promoter based on carbodiimides, adhesion promoter-containing water resorcinol-formaldehyde latex dispersion, fibres with improved adhesion, compositions of adhesion promoter, methods of obtaining and application thereof for improvement of adhesion in tyres. Carbodiimide is selected from group of formula and/or compounds, where R stands for C1-C18-alkylene, C5-C18-cycloalkylene, arylene and/or C7-C18-aralkylene and j inside molecule are similar or different and have value from 1 to 5, and p stands for 0-500, which is superficially deactivated by exchange reaction with at least one amine, selected from group, including multifunctional primary and secondary amines.EFFECT: adhesion promoter provides excellent adhesion, its processing in further process does not result in release of toxic monomer isocyanates, and it can be obtained by simple production method.10 cl, 3 tbl

Fire resistive composition and textile materials containing same // 2572970
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: fire resistive composition contains a phosphorus-containing polymer. The phosphorus-containing polymer is first produced by carrying out a reaction of a phosphonium compound and a nitrogen compound with a precondensate formed, and then by carrying out a reaction of the precondensate and a cross-linking composition. A phosphorus-containing intermediate polymer produced is further oxidised to make at least a part of phosphorus atoms in the polymer quinquivalent. A textile material contains a textile base and the phosphorus-containing polymer described above.EFFECT: textile materials with improved fire resistant properties.32 cl, 8 ex

Agent for treatment of nonwoven and textile fabric // 2571144
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: nonwoven fabric contains the thermal bonded fibre to which the agent for fibre processing is glued. The agent for treatment of fibre contains polyorganosiloxane, complex alkyl phosphate ether and anion surfactant presented by the formula.EFFECT: optimisation of the process of fabrication of nonwoven fabric for absorbing products.17 cl, 9 dwg, 7 tbl

Composition for fire-proof finishing of polyacrylonitrile fibres // 2565185
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: composition for fireproof finishing of polyacrylonitrile fibre includes phosphorus-containing compound and water. As phosphorus-containing compound composition contains (wt %) phosphorus-, nitrogen-, chlorine-containing compound diammoniumchloride salt of diamidomethylphosphonic acid (7.5-15.0), additionally contain phosphorus-, nitrogen-containing compound N-methylol (O,O-dimethylphosphopropioamide (7.5-15.0) and urea (2.0-3.5) and water (the remaining part). Urea is used to fix fireproof composition components in fibre structure and to increase fireproof effect after wet processing.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce combustibility of polyacrylonitrile fibre to satisfy increased fire resistance requirements to manufacturing of textile materials.2 tbl

Novel composite materials and methods for production thereof // 2563498
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to composite materials based on fibre materials and water-based resins. The composite material consists of a substrate made of natural fibre having a felted structure, made of a heat-curable matrix formed from a water-based resin, and a foaming additive. The felt is needle-punched on two surfaces when feeding additional polyethylene fibre. After drying, the ratio of the resin and fibre is 60-80 wt % and 20-40 wt %, respectively.EFFECT: invention improves the quality of the composite material owing to good uniformity of fibres, enables to control density and thickness and to obtain material with the required mechanical, thermal and acoustic properties, simplifies the method of producing and dismantling the material.21 cl, 9 dwg, 2 tbl
Fireproof heat-protective material // 2559499
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: protective material comprises a textile reinforcement base selected from a number of heat-resistant fabrics - aramid, silica, or glass fabrics, on the outer side of which a layer of rubber coating is applied, in an amount of 180-200 g/m2, comprising a high molecular methylphenylvinylsiloxane rubber of grade SKTFV-803, aluminium hydroxide modified by vinyl silane, quartzite M600, aerosil of grade A-300 or A-380, and antistructuring agent α,ω-dihydroxy-polydimethylsiloxane.EFFECT: creation of the material having increased strength while providing protection against exposure to open flame, toxic and aggressive chemical substances.2 tbl, 3 ex

ethod of obtaining grafted siloxane coatings with sorption n-aminodi(methylenephosphonic) groups on fibres and modified fibrous materials // 2556932
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: at first stage method includes processing fibres with alcohol solution of oligo(aminopropyl)ethoxysiloxane, removal of solvent, protonation of modified surface with HCL water solution and drying, at second stage - obtaining of N-propylaminodi(methylenephosphonic) acid on protonated surface by boiling with paraform and H3PO3 in benzene and diglyme medium, distillation of azeotrope, washing fibres with diglyme and ethanol and drying at 100°C. Material from organic and inorganic fibre in form of monofibre, complex thread, tape, yarn, fabric, non-woven cloth, and knitted fabric is used as fibrous material. Invention provides adding fibre sorption properties, characteristic of grade of phosphorus-containing sorbents.EFFECT: processed fibres possess combination of unique sorption and exploitation properties, as they are selective sorbents for a number of non-ferrous metals, rare earth elements, uranium, actinoids, which makes them promising sorbents for many branches of industry.4 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl
Use of particles consisting of core and shell, for giving property of resistance to wicking of thread or textile material // 2552632
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the use of particles consisting of a core and a shell for coating the thread or textile material with them, to restrain or prevent wicking of water into the said thread or textile material. The particles are described, consisting of a core and a shell, for restraining or preventing the wicking of water into the thread or textile material, where the said particles have an average diameter of 10-300 nm and a mean-square deviation σ which is at least 10% of the average value, in which the shell of the particle consisting of a core and a shell comprises a copolymer of a vinyl aromatic monomer and a maleimide monomer with a glass transition temperature Tg of from 120 to 220°C. Also the thread or the textile material is described, containing aramid threads provided with a finish preparation containing diglyceride or triglyceride obtained from glycerol which is esterified with saturated or unsaturated fatty acids containing 6-20 carbon atoms, where the finished thread or textile material is provided with the above mentioned particles.EFFECT: prevention of wicking of water in the textile material.12 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Fabric softener // 2542277
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to method of obtaining fabric softener and to resulting fabric softener, and, in particular, to method of obtaining esterquat- containing, fabric softener, in realisation of two-step reaction of re-etherification on fatty acid-containing vegetable oil and tertiary hydroxyalkylamine at low temperature and under high pressure under certain conditions with the following quatenisation of obtained product.EFFECT: method of obtaining esterquat-containing fabric softener, in accordance with claimed invention can reduce content of non-converted glyceride, glyceryl ester or their mixture and can provide fabric softener with excellent long-lasting thermal stability.12 cl, 4 tbl, 6 ex

Compositions and methods, including photocatalysts // 2537838
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to composition for processing substrate, which contains: a) active material, which has one or more functional groups, which form covalent attachments to complementary functional groups of substrate in presence of acid or base, with active material being selected from the group, consisting of hydrophilic active materials, hydrophobic active materials and their mixtures; b) photocatalyst, capable of generating acid or base under impact of light, with photocatalyst absorbing light in electromagnetic spectrum from infrared region to visible and ultraviolet light, from 1200 nm to 200 nm; and photocatalyst is represented by photoacid, selected from the group, consisting of aromatic hydroxyl compounds, sulfonated pyrene compounds, onium salts, diazomethane derivatives, bis-sulfone derivatives, disulfide derivatives, nitrobenzyl sulfonate derivatives, derivatives of sulfonic acid esters, N-hydroxyimides of sulfonic acid esters and their combinations; and c) carrier for delivering combination of 1(a) and 1(b) elements; with substrates excluding physiological materials. Claimed invention also relates to method of substrate processing (versions).EFFECT: creation of composition and elaboration of method for modification of substrate surface, which provide long-term conditioning and protective effect.14 cl, 9 ex, 6 dwg

Textile fabric of aramid fibre and its use // 2533134
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the textile industry, and relates to the textile fabric of aramide fibres and its use. The fabric comprises 80 wt.% aramid fibre, which is processed with avivage. The avivage comprises polyester of carboxylic acid, which is obtained by polycondensation of polyester of carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid dichloride with one or more diols. The chain end or both ends of the chain may consist of a hydroxyl group or an alkyl radical of monoatomic alcohol. The textile fabric is used to produce restrictive penetration of product such as protective from fragments, mat, protective from bullets, fragments and punctures of the vest.EFFECT: invention provides optimisation of the process of producing the textile fabric of aramid fibre for anti-ballistic product.10 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex

ethod of endowing materials with hydrophilic properties using organosiloxane coating with nitrilotrimethylene phosphonic acid // 2531818
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: to endow various materials with hydrophilic properties, a modifier is deposited on the surface of said materials. A coating is formed by successively depositing aqueous solution of an oligo(aminopropyl)ethoxysilane of a general formula shown on fig 1, and subsequently depositing aqueous solution of nitrilotrimethylene phosphonic acid of a general formula shown on fig 2. After deposition, each solution is dried on air and heat treated.EFFECT: invention enables to endow various materials with improved hydrophilic properties.8 dwg, 6 ex

Liquid low-molecular siloxane rubber-based composition for coating fire-proof material // 2529227
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: composition comprises liquid low-molecular siloxane rubber, ethylsilicate-40 or tetraethoxysilane as a curing agent, alkoxytitranium borate and vanadium pentoxide. Components are in the following ratio, pts.wt: liquid low-molecular siloxane rubber - 100, ethylsilicate-40 or tetraethoxysilane - 10-30, alkoxytitranium borate - 10-30, vanadium pentoxide - 10-20.EFFECT: high water-resistance, wear-resistance and fire-resistance of the coating.2 cl, 1 tbl
ethod of obtaining polymer base of soaking composition for tyre cord // 2527855
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the tyre industry, in particular to a method of obtaining a polymer base of a soaking composition for the tyre cord. Obtaining the polymer base of the soaking composition is performed in three stages: at the first stage latex of an inoculating butadiene-styrene-butylacrylate copolymer, containing in the main chain a copolymer of butadiene, styrene and butylacrylate in a ratio (13-45):(50-80):(5-12) respectively, is obtained. In the process of the copolymer obtaining a combination of anion-active surface active substances: sodium alkylbenzolsulphonate and sodium salt of sulphate of oxyethylated alkylphenol or oxyethylated fatty alcohol with a degree of oxyethylation 10-40 is applied. At the second stage of polymerisation butadiene, methacrylic acid, methacrylamide are inoculated to the main polymer chain in a ratio (93.0-97.5):(2-5):(0.5-2.0), respectively, with a ratio between the basic polymer and the total quantity of monomers being (20 - 35):(65 - 80). At the third stage butadiene-1,3, which has not reacted, is distilled with further bringing the polymer base to a value of pH 9.0-9.5.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to obtain a universal, non-toxic, fire-safe highly adhesive polymer base for soaking the tyre cords of various makes in the absence of a leukanol disperser, producing a negative effect on ecology.1 tbl, 8 ex

Fire resistant textiles // 2526551
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the flame resistant textiles that can be used for overalls and web to protect against electric arc and fire exposure. The fire-resistant textile comprises fabric of satin weaving consisting of 70-100 wt % cellulosic fibres and 0-30 wt % thermoplastic synthetic fibres. The fabric has the thickness of at least 19.5 mils, the thickness of at least 25 mils after 3 domestic washes at 120°F, the air permeability of at least 60 cubic ft/min and weight less than about 7 oz/yard2. Satin weaving fabric also comprises the impregnation, which comprises salt of tetrakis(hydroxymethyl) phosphonium or its condensation product and a chemical substance selected from the group consisting of urea, guanidines, guanylurea, glycoluril and polyamines. After curing by heating and oxidation the part of cellulosic fibres comprises the polymerised phosphate compound of pentavalent phosphorus.EFFECT: invention provides lightness of fabric and the necessary protection against electric arc and fire exposure.26 cl, 4 tbl, 11 ex

ethod for hydrophobisation of materials with alkyliminopropyl-containing siloxanes // 2524381
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing polymers and composites, particularly hydrophobisation thereof. The method of producing a protective hydrophobic coating on polymer material includes treating the surface of the polymer material with an oligo(organo)alkoxysiloxane solution. After solvent removal, the surface is treated with alkyl bromide solution, followed by solvent removal. The oligo(organo)alkoxysiloxane used is deca(aminopropyl)dodecaethoxydecasiloxane of structural formula in amount of 0.3·10-4-0.4·10-4 mol per 1 cm2 surface. The alkyl bromide used is either butyl bromide of formula (C4H9Br), or octyl bromide of formula C8H17Br, or oxadecyl bromide of formula C18H37Br in amount of 0.8·10-4-0.94·10-4 mol per 1 cm2 surface.EFFECT: high degree of hydrophobisation of material, characterised by increase in limiting wetting angle of the surface by at least 34-78°C.7 cl, 6 dwg, 6 ex
ethod of producing synthetic fibres // 2522338
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the technology of producing synthetic fibres with high chemical resistance and water-repellent properties and low coefficient of friction. The method involves forming fibres from a molten polymer, depositing a brightening preparation, orientation drawing and heat fixing. The brightening preparation is deposited on a hot surface of freshly moulded fibres simultaneously with an aqueous suspension of polytetrafluoroethylene with concentration of 3-60 g/l. Orientation drawing is carried out with a repetition factor of 3-15.EFFECT: high resistance of fibres to aggressive media, water-repellent properties and low coefficient of friction.2 cl, 3 tbl, 3 ex
Synthetic fibres with high chemical resistance and low coefficient of friction // 2522337
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the technology of producing synthetic fibres with high chemical resistance and water-repellent properties and low coefficient of friction, and can be used in chemical industry. The fibre is a polymer matrix whose surface is coated with a layer of polytetrafluoroethylene with thickness of 0.5-6 mcm. The polymer matrix is made of different thermoplastic polymers.EFFECT: high strength, water-repellent properties and deformation resistance of the fibres and low cost thereof.2 cl, 3 tbl, 3 ex
Composite material for manufacturing protective clothes // 2521043
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of production of composite protective rubberised materials used for manufacturing protective clothes, and respiratory protection equipment for people, including self-rescuers, breathing bags of isolating gas masks. A composite material contains chlorosulphonated polyethylene, polychloropren, kaolin, titanium dioxide, a nanodisperse filling agent montmorillonite, modified with quaternary ammonium salts, chloroparaffin-470, antimony trioxide, decabromodiphenyl oxide, magnesium oxide, zinc oxide, thiuram D, captax, rosin, benzene and ethylacetate mixture and polyether or cotton-polyether, or viscose-polyamide.EFFECT: material possesses higher strength with simultaneous protection against action of toxic and aggressive chemical substances and open fire.1 tbl, 3 ex
Solution of polyurethane-ureas and using thereof for application of coatings on substrates // 2515955
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solution of polyurethane-ureas for application of coating on substrates. Claimed solution can be obtained as a result of interaction of (a) mixture of two bifunctional polyetherdioles, each of which has molecular weight between 500 and 5000, with molar ratio of both components in the mixture being chosen between 10:90 and 90:10, (b) 0.7-1.5 mol of mixture of two lowmolecular bifunctional alcohols with molecular weight from 32 to 500 per a mole of polyetherdiol, as co-called chain-elongating agents, with molar ratio of both components in the mixture being chosen between 10:90 and 90:10, (c) 0.08-0.33 mol of aliphatic or cycloaliphatic bifunctional amine with molecular weight from 28 to 500 per a mole of polyetherdiol, as so-called chain-elongating element, (d) 1.8-2.9 mol of aromatic diisocyanate per a mole of polyetherdiol, and dissolution of obtained polyurethane-ureas or obtaining them in (e) 40-85 wt % of solvent or mixture of solvents calculated per the total mixture from (a)-(e), consisting of linear or cyclic esters and ketones, with residual NCO-groups being, possible interacted with monofunctional chain terminator. Also described is application of thereof for application on substrates, in particular textile products.EFFECT: manufacturing stable covering solutions of polyurethane-ureas in toxicologically safe organic solvents, which have good elasticity, high strength and relatively high point of softening.7 cl, 1 tbl, 11 ex

Cord processed by polyurea-urethanes // 2515321
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of drive belts with resilient cord embedded in elastomer substrate including polyurea-urethanes glue composition impregnating said cord and covering fibres. Composition is composed of the product of reaction of polyurethane prepolymer and diamines hardener or water. Said prepolymer represents the product of reaction of diisocyanate with compact symmetric molecules and complex polyetherpolyol, simple polyetherpolyol or polyol polycarbonate. Belt substrate can be made of moulded polyurethane, rubber or thermoplastic elastomer. Said cord can include adhesive coating.EFFECT: perfected design.25 cl, 7 tbl, 4 dwg, 20 ex
Composition based on liquid siloxane caoutchouc for covering textile material // 2512342
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: composition contains low-molecular siloxane caoutchouc, ethylsilicate-40, octaphenyltetraasaporphyrinatocobalt(II) or octaphenyltetrapyrazinoporphyrazinatocobalt(II).EFFECT: increase of covering stability to abrasion and its water-resistance.1 tbl