Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes and fatty acids therefrom and detergents and candles (C11)

C   Chemistry; metallurgy(318327)
C11            Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes; fatty acids therefrom; detergents; candles(4635)

Capsules, containing water-soluble fibre walls materials and methods of its manufacture // 2642781
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: provided capsule for using in laundry, comprising the water-soluble fibre wall material, that defines the internal volume of the capsule, at that the water-soluble fibre wall material, comprising one or more filaments, at that one or more active agents being present in and can be released from at least one filament, when the capsule is subjected to the targeted use conditions influence, and the capsule further comprises the active agent in the internal volume of the capsule.EFFECT: capsule creation, made of fibre wall material, at that the capsule being characterized by the rapid release of its contents under the conditions of the targeted use.20 cl, 3 tbl, 13 dwg
ethod for obtaining fat from fish entrails // 2642496
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining fat from fish entrails includes grinding fish entrails to a particle size of 2-5 mm, mixing with Alcalase®FG Novozymes A/S enzyme preparation in an amount of 0.4-0.6 wt % of the mixture, fermenting at the temperature of 40±0.2°C for 20-30 min, at a pH of 6.6±0.2, separating.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase the amount of the product obtained due to destroying lipid-protein formations of cellular structures under the action of an enzyme preparation.1 tbl, 2 ex

Press for producing edible vegetable oil // 2642476
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: press for producing edible vegetable oil comprises a housing with a loading hopper and a screw, the end part of which is made convex in the form of a sphere. Wherein an additional chamber with openings for oil outlet and a central opening for cake outlet are installed in the housing, the end part of which is made concave in the form of a sphere. A piezoceramic radiator in the form of a flat washer, connected through a power amplifier with a master oscillator, is installed behind the end part of the additional chamber arranged with the possibility of reciprocating motion.EFFECT: increasing the yield of oil from oilseeds due to alternating impact on the product in the zone of intensive squeezing and releasing the oil part blocked between the product and in its pores, and ensuring its unimpeded outflow to the outlets.4 dwg

ulti-purpose enzyme detergent and methods of stabilizing applicable solution // 2642077
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: solid detergent multipurpose composition is described, containing: 60 to 85 wt % of alkali metal carbonate alkalinity source; 0.1 to 5 wt % of protease enzyme; 0.1 to 30 wt % of nitrogen-containing or soluble starch or polysaccharide stabilizing agent, and water, where the detergent composition is a solid detergent block, the applied solution composition has pH of at least 9, and protease enzyme retains 40% of the enzyme activity at a temperature of at least 65°C to apply the solution for at least 20 min.EFFECT: prevention of reprecipitation of protein contaminants, reduction of foaming.23 cl, 10 tbl, 6 ex, 5 dwg

Vegetable oil press // 2642076
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to equipment for vegetable oil and oilcake production in oil processing industry. A vegetable oil press comprises a frame made as two arcs touching each other and following the profile of worms set inside, a die, lock washers, studs where pressing plates are mounted. Nuts adjusting the gap between the pressing plates are set at the stud ends. A case in the form of a hollow threaded cylinder is installed at the die. A tapered bush is set in the die to adjust the gap between the case and the die. The tapered bush is fitted by a screw providing for the operation of the press as a granulator. The press is equipped by a variable speed controller to control worms' rotating speed. Band winding is provided at the worms to ensure even mixing of different types of raw oil material.EFFECT: invention implementation allows for the improvement of the finished product quality.4 dwg
ethod of producing triglycerides of medium-chain fatty acids // 2641307
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method of producing glycerol ethers (triglycerides) of medium-chain monocarboxylic fatty acids, which consists of the reaction of a free fatty acid precursor and glycerin in the presence of a catalyst under partial vacuum. The method of producing triglycerides of medium-chain fatty acid comprises the steps of: a) mixing glycerol with three molar equivalents or an excess of the said medium-chain fatty acids, each of the medium-chain fatty acids containing a chain of 6-12 carbon atoms; b) reacting the mixture of step (a) with a divalent or trivalent metal catalyst; and c) heating at a temperature of about 160 to about 180°C, under partial vacuum from 1 to 20 mm Hg, for a period of time sufficient to produce triglyceride.EFFECT: method provides the possibility of producing final triglycerides in high yield and high purity, the method provides the possibility of forming triglycerides without a solvent.23 cl, 5 ex, 1 tbl
Diluted concentrated cleansing gels // 2641296
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: diluted concentrated cleansing gel is described in a combination with a disposable package and a method of using a concentrated cleansing gel. Concentrated gel contains a surfactant system from which concentrate is produced, that has a gelation temperature, which allows the concentrated gel to turn from a high-viscosity hard gel at room temperature into the flowing low viscosity fluid, and when combined with warm or hot water, this fluid mixes easily to form an aqueous solution in which liquid concentrate and water are uniformly dispersed. The viscosity of the gel at room temperature is from about 50 to about 5000 Pa⋅s. Concentrated gel can be packaged in a compressible dispenser. The viscosity of the concentrated gel is sufficiently reduced by shearing, which allows the gel to flow out of the dispenser with a moderate pressure by hand. One or more primary surfactants in the surfactant system are ethers of highly ethoxylated alcohols and highly ethoxylated alcohols.EFFECT: simplification of transportation and storage, reduction of environmental impact.15 cl, 2 tbl

Enzyme-containing detergent with calcium nitrate // 2640421
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: use of calcium nitrate in detergents is described, containing enzymes to increase the stability of amylase, as well as a detergent containing enzymes, characterized in that it contains a sulphoether of fatty alcohols, betaine, amylase and, if necessary, one or more other enzymes, as well as calcium nitrate, in particular, in the form of calcium nitrate tetrahydrate, in an amount of 0.02 to less than 1 wt %.EFFECT: development of an improved means for stabilizing enzymes, and containing enzymes of a detergent with increased stability of the enzymes.9 cl, 2 tbl

Rotation-percussion evaporator and method of vacuum transfer of complex liquids on its basis // 2640198
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: rotation-percussion evaporator for the evaporation of liquids, such as crude oil and petroleum products, consists of a sealed chamber, an evaporation of the spray dispenser, providing diffusion supplied thereto prepared liquid submitted in the below evaporation chamber with low-flow, steam inlet connected to the device for pumping steam, creating a preset vacuum in the evaporator chamber, and an accumulator of non-evaporated liquid. The evaporator is characterised in that the evaporator chamber has a crown of impact blades on the blade wheel, rotating at high speed on the shaft, introduced into the vaporisation chamber through the seal and driven by the drive, so that the droplet flow of the liquid from the spray dispenser, partially evaporating, moves towards the rotating percussion blades, which cut off small drops of droplets from it and strike powerful blows on them. Percussion blades have a sufficiently large surface area and are tilted to the plane of rotation, so as to maximize the intensity of the applied strokes, resulting in part of the liquid is sprayed and evaporates, while the other spreads on a surface percussion blades as dynamic films which, crushing and evaporating, flow down to the edges of the percussion blades, acquiring the velocity of percussion blades, break off from the edges of the percussion blades, disintegrate and continue to move, spraying and evaporating, towards the walls of the evaporation chamber, experience powerful impacts when they collide with the walls of the evaporation chamber, after which they partially evaporate and spread on the inner surface of the evaporation chamber in the form of a dynamic film that evaporates and flows downwards where the accumulator of unevaporated liquid is located, while the formed vapor is withdrawn through the intake using a steam evacuation device, for example a vacuum pump. A method of vacuum distillation of complex liquids based on a rotary-impact evaporator is also claimed.EFFECT: rotary percussive evaporator can effectively evaporate liquid possessing an unfavourable for traditional evaporation of thermophysical properties, as well as liquids with useful components affected thermochemical reactions and coking, direct heat input during the evaporation in the rotary percussive evaporator is not provided and not needed.4 cl, 3 dwg
Bar soap // 2640044
FIELD: cosmetology.SUBSTANCE: method involves (a) mixing of a soap based on a fatty acid to an aqueous solution of taurine or taurine salt as a source of taurine to form an aggregate and (b) getting a bar soap that contains aggregate. Taurine is represented by formula 1 , where X is a cation selected from hydrogen, alkali metal cation, ammonium and triethanolammonium, and where R1 and R2 are independently selected from H and C1-C4 alkyl, and wherein the pH of the bar soap, in aqueous solution, is from 9 to 11.EFFECT: creation of soap bars, resistant to taurine recrystallization.22 cl, 4 tbl, 5 ex
Flavour carrier system // 2639909
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a microcapsule comprising a core of a hydrophobic material containing at least one flavour or fragrance and a microcapsule shell obtained by the slurry polymerization of the following monomers: (a) one or more C1-C24 alkyl esters of (meth) acrylic acid (monomer A), (b) one or more bi- or polyfunctional monomers (monomer B), and (c) optionally one or more other ethylene-unsaturated monomers (monomer C). Herewith the shift speed to obtain the emulsion is in the range of 150 to 500 rpm and the duration of mixing to obtain the emulsion is in the range of 15 to 180 min, and to obtain the emulsion a stirring blade of the anchor-type or a mixer MIG© are used, and the average diameter of the microcapsules is in the range of 10 to 60 microns. A method of producing microcapsules, compositions for the care of textiles or household use, and the application of microcapsules in the composition for washing or in the cosmetic composition are also described.EFFECT: providing microcapsules with an average diameter of 10-60 mcm with a low value of the flavour loss parameter.18 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
Packaged detergent composition // 2639866
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: packaged detergent composition is proposed comprising a container that, at least, partially disintegrates in an aqueous medium, the container having, at least, one chamber, the detergent composition having a liquid phase and containing the second container that, at least, partially decays in an aqueous medium, according to the invention the second container contains gas present in the amount of 10 to 50% of its internal volume.EFFECT: creating a detergent composition that excludes physical and chemical interaction.4 cl

Stabilization and analysis of fatty acids in biological sample when stored on solid medium // 2639455
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of stabilizing fatty acids present in the sample, such as biological fluids (e.g., blood, saliva, breast milk, urine, semen, plasma and blood serum), wherein the method involves applying fatty acids or the sample containing fatty acids to the solid medium that contains a firm substrate, at least, one chelate-forming tool, and, at least, one antioxidant, where a solid substrate contains less than 2 μg/cm2 of impurities where impurities constitute one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of saturated fatty acids, esters of saturated fatty acids, resin acids and esters of resin acids. The present invention further relates to the method of determining the composition of fatty acids in the sample when stored on such medium. Wherein the method involves: (a) applying the sample to the solid medium containing a solid substrate, at least, one chelate-forming tool, and, at least, one antioxidant, where the solid substrate contains less than 2 μg/cm2 of impurities, whereby the sample becomes sorbed on the solid substrate; (b) determining the composition of fatty acids in the sample, sorbed on the solid substrate, where impurities are one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of saturated fatty acids, esters of saturated fatty acids, resin acids and esters of resin acids. The invention also relates to a solid medium and a method for its production.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency.74 cl, 8 dwg, 13 tbl
Detergent composition for automatic dishwashing // 2638554
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: detergent composition for automatic dishwashing comprising, at least, one granule containing methylglycinediacetic acid (MGDA) and silicate. The composition is a monodose detergent composition placed inside a rigid PVOH capsule consisting of one or more compartments.EFFECT: high detergency, reduced corrosive effect.11 cl, 3 tbl

ultistage separation method // 2638206
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: chromatographic separation method for producing a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) product from a feed mixture is provided. The method comprises: (a) purifying the feed mixture in the first chromatographic separation stage using a mixture of water and the first organic solvent as an eluent to produce an intermediate; and (b) purifying the intermediate in the second chromatographic separation stage using a mixture of water and the second organic solvent as an eluent to produce a PUFA product, wherein the second organic solvent is different from the first organic solvent and has a polarity index that is different from the polarity index of the first organic solvent in the range of 0.3 to 1.5, where the PUFA product is, at least, one ω-3-PUFA or, at least, one derivative of ω-3-PUFA, and wherein the PUFA product is not alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), mono-, di- or triglyceride of ALA or a complex C1-C4-alkyl ester of ALA or a mixture thereof.EFFECT: increased purification efficiency of a PUFA product with a low level of C18 fatty acids.26 cl, 16 dwg

Device for oil-containing materials processing // 2637777
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: press-extruder for oil-containing materials processing consists of a loading branch pipe, a working chamber which includes two adjacent pressing cages composed of pressing bars, and an unloading unit in the form of matrix with holes. Shafts are arranged inside the working chamber in parallel to each other. Feeding screws and alternating screw-type nozzles are mounted on shafts. On outer faces of screw-type nozzles, there are steel surfacing in the form of straight line with thickness of 1-2 mm applied at the distance of 10-11 mm one relative to another. Two groups of prismatic nozzles made in the form of a prism which base is an equilateral convex triangle, are also arranged on shafts. Prismatic nozzles are displaced relative to each other by angle β with the formation of a screw channel, and the pitch of the screw helix of the screw-type nozzles form an angle ϕ. At that the smallest angle β exceeds the largest angle ϕ by 1.5 to 1.9 times.EFFECT: degree of compression and grinding of the oil-containing material to be pressed is increased, pressure in the working chamber reduces and metal fatigue reduces during of oil-containing materials processing.3 dwg, 1 tbl
ethod of extracting essential oils from plant materials // 2637318
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method includes grinding and preparation of plant material, extraction of the prepared raw material with the gaseous extractant with subsequent separation of the extractant from oil and water fractions. For extraction, dimethyl ether circulating through the extractor is used, which after separation is returned to the process cycle.EFFECT: invention allows to simplify the technology of producing essential oils.6 cl, 3 ex
Improved method for water-enzymic degumming of vegetable oils // 2637134
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for enzymatic degumming of triglycerides or oil content reduction in vegetable oil gum collected during oil degumming, which contains the following stages: a) contacting of triglycerides or vegetable oil gum collected during oil degumming with a composition that contains at least one glycoside splitting enzyme selected among amylases, amyloglucosidases, isoamylases, glucoamylases, glucosidases, galactosidases, glucanases, pullulanases, arabinases, laminaranases, pectoliases, dextranases, pektinases, cellulases, cellobiases and xylanases, with at least one glycoside splitting enzyme not showing any phospholipase and acyltransferase activity and the composition does not contain phospholipase or acyltransferase; and b1) in case of triglycerides as source material: gums separation from triglycerides; or b2) in case of vegetable oil gums as source material: separation of water, lecithin-containing phase and oil-containing phase.EFFECT: invention allows to increase oil yield, to ensure lecithin extraction in high yield without chemical change of lecithin.9 cl, 7 tbl, 3 ex
Use of alcohoxylated non-ionogenic surfactants as additives in water compositions for cleaning membranes // 2636661
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: aqueous membrane cleaning composition comprising an alkoxylated non-ionogenic surfactant having the following formula is described: where R is a linear or branched C8-C18 hydrocarbon chain, X is O or N, R1, R2 and R3 independently of one another are hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, or a mixture thereof, n is from 1 to 8, m has a value of 1 to 8, p is a value of 0 to 8, where X is O, then w is a number 1, and if X is N, then w is a number 2, a surfactant having an HLBd value of 9 to 12.5, and an average degree of branching BS≥1.5.EFFECT: effective cleaning in aqueous solutions used for cleaning membranes.15 cl, 13 dwg, 11 tbl

Production of peroxides and composition using enzyme containing perhydrological activity // 2636466
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: method for peroxycarboxylic acid production comprises reacting carboxylic acid esters and inorganic peroxide in the presence of a polypeptide having perhydrolytic activity and having the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:12, provided that the amino acid residue linked to the C-terminal portion of the catalytic histidine, is not glutamic acid. Also, the said polypeptide is used to create a system for formation and delivery of peroxycarboxylic acid, composition having antimicrobial activity, compositions for care of clothes and personal care products.EFFECT: improved perhydrolytic activity.16 cl, 2 dwg, 12 tbl, 18 ex

Seed-winnowing machine for separating hulling mixture of oil seeds // 2636205
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: machine is proposed, consisting of a sifter, which has an output box with branch pipes for removing hulling mixture particles calibrated by linear sizes, with a pre-sifter, inside which there are layers of sieves with pallets, and an aspiration device for separating air-entrained particles with an airflow. Each branch pipe for removing hulling mixture particles calibrated by linear sizes is docked with a corresponding branch pipe of the intake chamber of the aspiration device, which is a vertical pneumatic separating channel. Each sieve in each receiving chamber is equipped with a device for its movement along its length, the diameter of the openings of these sieves being not less than the diameter of the openings of the corresponding sieves in the sifter.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of the seed-winnowing machine due to excluding the formation of the winnowing residue fraction.1 dwg
icrowave technology for extracting fat from fat-containing raw materials // 2636155
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: microwave technology for extracting fat from fat-containing raw materials involves complex effect of ultra-high frequency electromagnetic radiation of 2,450 MHz with a specific power of 1.6…16 W/g and a kilohertz frequency of 22…110 kHz. The effect of the ultrahigh-frequency electromagnetic field occurs in perforated spherical resonators with the volume up to 5 l, docked to discs arranged in parallel. Wherein in the interval between the discs, equal to half the wavelength, a corona discharge and ozonization by means of gas-discharge lamps from kiloherz frequency generators of 75…225 W are provided. Ground fat-containing raw materials 2…10 mm of size are subjected to the complex action of electromagnetic radiation lasting 200…300 s at an electric field strength of 2…5 kV/cm to a temperature of 80…140°C.EFFECT: reducing the bacterial contamination of the product and improving the organoleptic indices of fat and dross.4 dwg, 1 tbl
Visually contrasting aesthetic particles having improved solubility in water, especially useful for combining with powdered or granular compositions // 2635921
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: visually contrasting aesthetic particles are described, where each particle contains a mixture: of 55 wt % to 70 wt % of fatty acid, of 10 wt % to 45 wt % of sodium montmorillonite clay, of 10 wt % to 45 wt % of calcium montmorillonite clay, where the particles comprise less than 5 wt % of the residue when subjected to the test for solubility, where the solubility test includes: (i) adding 3.5 g of detergent with the subsequent immediate addition of 1 g of the aesthetic particle in a vessel containing 1000 ml of water of medium hardness, at a temperature of 15°C with stirring at 200 rpm, (ii) after complete dissolution of the aesthetic particle or 15 minutes of mixing, depending on what occurs first, draining the washing liquid and any undissolved material in a 150 mcm sieve and rinsing with deionized water, (iii) transferring the liquid and any undissolved material to a Buchner funnel and filtering through a dried and pre-weighed filter paper of Whatman® type 4, and (iv) drying the filter paper at 105°C and weighing for the determination.EFFECT: increased solubility in water, useful for combination with a granular detergent composition.21 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex

Composition with stabilised subtitlisin // 2635355
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a stabilised subtilisin composition that is suitable for use as an enzyme or detergent concentrate and contains subtilisin and a hydrosulphite adduct of peptide containing an aldehyde group with the formula X-B1-NH-CHR-CHOH-SO3M, where: a) M is H (hydrogen) or alkali metal; b) R is such a group hat NH-CHR-CO is L or D-amino acid residue; c) B1 is one amino acid residue; and d) X is composed of one or more amino acid residues that optionally contain an N-terminal protecting group. Conversion of peptide containing an aldehyde group to a hydrosulfite adduct can be used to increase water solubility in the purification of peptides containing an aldehyde group. Preferably, this hydrosulphite adduct is itself effective as an inhibitor and a stabiliser of subtilisin, and can also stabilise the second enzyme, if it is present. The hydrosulfite adduct is effective as a subtilisin inhibitor, and it retains its inhibitory and stabilizing effects in a liquid detergent during storage.EFFECT: by the use of a hydrosulphite adduct, the costs and time can be avoided to convert it back to peptide containing the aldehyde group, and the subsequent drying of peptide containing the aldehyde group can be saved, and this avoids the inconvenience of using peptide containing an aldehyde group in the form of a powder or as a very dilute aqueous solution.17 cl, 6 tbl, 6 ex
Self-adhesive detergent compositions with colour changing systems // 2635102
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: self-adhesive detergent compositions containing a pH-sensitive colour-changing system are described. A cleaning composition for hard surfaces is described, comprising: (1) a purification system comprising components that make the composition self-adhesive on a solid surface in the absence of an adhesive and under the action of a plurality of separate water-based washing, where aqueous washings have a pH of about 6 up to 8; and (2) a colour changing system, wherein the said composition is adapted to progressively dissolve during the said plurality of separate aqueous washings of the said composition to form a dissolved detergent portion; and wherein the said colour changing system has a pH of about 2 to about 5, or a pH of about 9 to 11, and comprises (a) at least, one pH control agent, and (b) at least, one colour changing colorant that imparts the said composition the first colour and which is adapted to cause a discolouration of the said dissolved detergent portion at each of the said plurality of separate aqueous washings to thereby change the said first colour of the said dissolved detergent portion to the second colour and so with it to impart the said second colour to the said aqueous washings, wherein the said first colour is different from the said second colour.EFFECT: creating self-adhesive compositions for continuous self-cleaning of sanitary devices.17 cl, 4 tbl

Loose solid high-active alkyl ether sulphates // 2634690
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method for producing loose solid high-active alkyl ether sulfates, comprising the steps of: (i) feeding alkyl ether sulfate, amorphous zeolite, carbonate and a structuring agent to the mixer to produce a mixture; (ii) heating the mixture at 80-120°C followed by the addition of crystalline zeolite to the mixture; (iii) cooling the mixture down to 70°C to produce a solid mixture; and (iv) coating the solid form with a coating material.EFFECT: produced solid alkyl ether sulfates have improved flow properties, improved appearance and improved solubility.24 cl, 5 dwg, 8 ex
Egg oil production method // 2634430
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method involves extraction of homogenized egg yolks with a mixture of isopropyl alcohol and methylene chloride in a volume ratio to the yolk mass (2-5):1, with a volume ratio of isopropyl alcohol to methylene chloride of 1:(2-3). The extraction time is 1 to 2 hours, the extraction temperature is 20-40°C. The extract is kept at a temperature of 4-6°C for 2-4 hours and the white amorphous precipitate is filtered off.EFFECT: simple and effective method for egg oil obtaining with the maximum preservation of biological value, resistant to oxidative processes for at least six months without preservatives addition.3 cl, 2 tbl, 7 ex

Vegetable raw material processing device // 2634045
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: vegetable raw material processing device containing a distillation chamber for vegetable raw materials, mounted with a steam generator containing a furnace mounted inside the pipe that is connected to the steam distributor made in the form of equidistant steam conducting rods with uniformly spaced holes throughout the length set in the distillation chamber, a cooling system connected to the florentine. Herewith the device has a multi-tier modular design: the distillation chamber is installed on the steam generator and connected to it by conical nozzles with elastic washers. In the bottom of the distillation chamber, connecting bushings with threaded holes and with screwed steam rods are made, and a refrigerator is placed on its lid.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the productivity of the device due to the increase in yield, quality and elimination of oil loss due to its volatilization during the charging of raw materials, steadiness of steaming throughout the chamber, and to reduce fuel consumption due to the thermal insulation of the chamber.3 cl, 4 dwg
Sunflower oil production method // 2632947
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method includes saturating husk-free sunflower kernels with ethanol with the concentration 99.8%, in an amount providing a weight fraction of moisture and volatiles of 8-10%, extruding the sunflower kernels in the presence of ethanol taken at the ratio to the sunflower kernels as 1:1, to obtain extruded sunflower kernels and ethanol miscella, the exposure of the ethanol miscella at a temperature of 0-10°C for 6-12 hours, resulting in dividing the miscella into two phases, separating the lower phase consisting of oil and residual ethanol amount, removing ethanol from it under vacuum at a residual pressure of 20-30 mbar at a temperature of 50-60°C.EFFECT: reducing the degree of phospholipids in the target product.1 tbl, 3 ex

Oil or fat composition and method of its production // 2632909
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an oil or fat composition for deep frying, comprising (I) a fractionated oil or fat based on palm oil, in which the tripalmitin content relative to the triglyceride content is 70-90 wt %, the content of unsaturated fatty acids relative to the total content of all of fatty acids is 1-8 wt %, and the tripalmitin content relative to the content of the trisaturated triglyceride of fatty acids is 84-95 wt %, and (II) a base oil with a melting point of less than 10°C, the content of the component (I) relative to the total weight of the oil or fat composition is 0.05-15 wt %, and the content of the component (II) relative to the total weight of the oil or fat composition is 85-99.95 wt %.EFFECT: fundamentally new oil or fat composition with thermal stability is claimed.10 cl, 7 dwg, 5 tbl, 14 ex

Solution for removing labels from reusable bottles for drinks // 2632882
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method is described for removing an adhesive from a surface that comprises applying the detergent composition to the surface, from which the adhesive is to be removed, and removing the adhesive from the surface for less than 10 minutes, wherein the detergent composition comprises an organic solvent, an amine solvent, a chelating compound, a surfactant and less than 25 wt % of sodium hydroxide (alkali), wherein the organic and amine solvents replace, at least, a portion of alkaline solution, where the organic solvent is benzyl alcohol and where the temperature of the detergent composition is less than 70°C.EFFECT: complete removal of adhesive labels at a lower temperature, shorter duration or under less alkaline conditions.19 cl, 7 tbl, 6 ex, 11 dwg
Liquid detergent composition for clothes // 2632874
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: liquid detergent composition for clothes is described, produced by mixing the following components: component (a), component (b), component (c) and water, where the amount of the mixed component (a) and the number of the mixed component (b) in the amount of 15 wt % or more and 70 wt % or less relative to the total mass of all mixed starting materials, and the mass ratio of the amount of the mixed component (b) to the amount of the mixed component (a), i.e. component (b)/component (a), is 0.5 or more and 7 or less: component (a) is a nonionic surfactant represented by the following formula (1): R1O-(EO)mH (1) in the formula (1), R1 represents a hydrocarbon group containing 8 or more and 18 or less carbon atoms, EO represents an ethyleneoxy group, and m represents an average number of added moles and m is 1 or more and 9 or less; component (b) is an anionic surfactant represented by the following formula (2): R2O-[A1O)p/(EO)q]-SO3M (2) in the formula (2) R2 represents a hydrocarbon group containing 8 or more and 22 or less carbon atoms, AxO is an alkylene group selected from the alkylene group containing 3 carbon atoms, and the alkylene group containing 4 carbon atoms, EO represents an ethyleneoxy group and p and q each represent an average number of added moles, R is 1 or more and 5 or less, and q is 0 or more and 10 or less; the symbol "/" indicates that the group (A1O)p and the group (EO)q are connected to each other in the group in random order; and M represents a cation; and component (c) is an organic solvent having one or more hydroxyl groups in the amount of 5 wt % or more and 40 wt % or less relative to the total weight of all mixed starting materials.EFFECT: effective cleaning of clothes in a short wash time.17 cl, 7 tbl
ethod for obtaining biodiesel fuel - alkyl esters of fatty acids // 2632671
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method is based on the reaction of interetherification of triglycerides at a temperature of 20-80°C. The distinctive features of the claimed method consist in the fact that the reaction mixture is composed of the following components: plant-derived triglycerides, ethanol, or propanol, or isopropanol, or a mixture thereof, sodium methoxide, methanol. The amount of sodium methoxide by weight of the reaction mixture is 0.5-1%, and the amount of methanol is 1-2.5%. The molar ratio of triglycerides to the reacting alcohols is 1:3.EFFECT: increased yield and purity of the final product with increased intensity and reduced process duration.1 tbl, 5 ex
Thickener containing, at least, one cationic polymer // 2632660
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a thickening agent, to the method for its preparation, to acid composition containing surfactants comprising, at least, one thickening agent used as laundry conditioner or liquid detergent, as well as the use of thickening agent, for example, as viscosity changing means. The thickening agent comprises, at least, one cationic polymer produced by polymerizing, at least, one water-soluble ethylene unsaturated monomer and, at least, one ethylene unsaturated associative monomer and, if necessary, at least, one anionic monomer and/or, if necessary, at least, one non-ionic monomer, and, if necessary, at least, one chain transfer agent.EFFECT: thickening agents have favourable properties for deposition, shear thinning, stabilization, or viscosity.27 cl, 10 tbl, 8 ex
Disinfectant // 2632461
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: disinfectant is described comprising N,N-bis (3-aminopropyl) dodecylamine, a polyguanidine compound and water, characterised in that polyhexamethylene guanidine chloride is used as a polyguanidine compound as a Biopag substance or a mixture of Biopag and poly chloride-(4,9-dioxododecane guanidine) in a weight ratio of (9:1) to (1:1) and further contains hydrochloric or orthophosphoric acid or mixture thereof neutralizing from 30 to 90% of the amino groups of N,N-bis (3-aminopropyl) dodecylamine, wherein orthophosphoric acid, alone or in the mixture, neutralizes no more than 30% of amino groups. The ratio of N,N-bis (3-aminopropyl) dodecylamine and polyguanidine compound is (3:1)-(1:2) with the following components, wt %: N,N-bis (3-aminopropyl) dodecylamine 0.1-3.0, Biopag substance or mixture of Biopag substance and poly chloride-(4,9-dioxadodecane-guanidine) 0.1-3.0, orthophosphoric acid, or hydrochloric acid, or a mixture of hydrochloric and orthophosphoric acid 0.01-1.0, water - the rest to 100%.EFFECT: increased biocidal activity of the disinfectant, reducing toxic and irritating effects.1 ex, 3 tbl
Application of avocado peel for receiving unsaponifiable avocado product enriched with saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons and sterols // 2632111
FIELD: pharmacology.SUBSTANCE: method for producing an unsaponifiable product from an avocado, enriched with saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons and sterols, at least from the avocado peel, wherein said avocado peel is 5 to 50 wt % of the total weight of the avocado used, which includes the following consecutive steps: (1) cutting or grinding avocados. This avocado contains from 5 to 50 wt % of peel, (2) high-temperature drying at a temperature of 60 to 150°C to obtain residual moisture, (3) adding water to the dried avocado by adding 1 to 5% water or steam to the weight of the dried avocado, (4) extracting the oil by mechanical pressing, and then (5) alternatively: - a. Heat treatment of extracted oil at a temperature of 80 to 150°C and then enrich the oil with its unsaponifiable fraction, or - b. Enrichment of oil with its unsaponifiable fraction and then heat treatment at a temperature of 80 to 150°C, (6) followed by a saponification and extraction step of the unsaponifiable product, (7) at least a purification and/or fractionation step, and (8) recovering the unsaponifiable product, wherein the unsaponifiable avocado product contains at least 0.2 wt % of saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons and at least 1 wt % of sterols from the total mass of unsaponifiable product. A non-saponifiable product of avocado enriched with saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons and sterols for use as a medicament for the prevention and/or treatment of connective tissue diseases, arthrosis, joint pathologies, rheumatism or periodontal disease, gingivitis or periodontitis. The above unsaponifiable avocado product contains at least 0.2 wt % of saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons and at least 1 wt % of sterols from the total mass of unsaponifiable product.EFFECT: increased application efficiency.10 cl, 2 tbl, 8 ex
Cleaning composition after chemical-mechanical polishing (after-cmp), comprising specific sulfur-containing compound and sugar alcohol or polycarbonic acid // 2631870
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: cleaning composition after chemical-mechanical polishing (after-CMP), comprising: (A) a compound that is cysteine, N-acetylcysteine, thiourea or a derivative thereof, (B) erythritol, (C) aqueous medium and (E) at least, one surfactant, and its use for removing residues and contaminants from the surface of semiconductor substrates containing electrically conductive layers (such as copper layers), electrically insulating dielectric insulating layers (such as dielectric layers with low or extra low dielectrical permeability) and barrier layers (such as layers of tantalum, tantalum nitride, titanium nitride or ruthenium), i. e. the invention relates to the use of a cleaning composition after CMP for removing residues and contaminants containing benzotriazole after CMP.EFFECT: increasing the purification degree.26 cl, 5 tbl, 3 dwg
Quaternized polyethylenimines with high degree of quaternization // 2631860
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ethoxylated polyethylenimine of general structural formula (I), in which n has a value that is in the range of 1 to 40, R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C1-C4-alkyl and mixtures thereof, E is a C1-C12-alkyl group, X-is a suitable water-soluble counterion. The quaternization degree of the nitrogen atoms present in the polyethyleneimine backbone is in the range of 50% to 100%. The polyethyleneimine backbone has a weight average molecular weight of 400 to 10,000 g/mol. Ethoxylated polyethylenimine is used in products designed to wash cars providing good shine.EFFECT: invention allows to provide good shine and fast drying of a surface.4 cl, 6 tbl, 3 ex
ethod for obtaining fractionated lecithin // 2631686
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: for obtaining fractionated lecithin, husk-free sunflower kernels are saturated with ethanol at the concentration of 99.8% in an amount ensuring 8-10 wt % of moisture and volatile substances. The sunflower kernels are extruded in the presence of ethanol taken at the ratio to the sunflower kernels as 1:1, to obtain extruded sunflower kernels and ethanol miscella. The ethanol miscella is exposed at a temperature of 0-10°C for 6-12 hours, resulting in the separation of the miscella into two phases. The upper phase consisting of ethanol and the alcohol soluble phospholipid fraction is decanted. The upper phase is treated with the electromagnetic field with the magnetic induction of 0.6-0.8 T for 3-5 minutes. The above phase is separated through a membrane filter with the permeability rR= 5.5×10-9 m into phospholipid miscella and lipid miscella. From the phospholipid miscella, ethanol is removed under vacuum at a residual pressure of 20-30 mbar at a temperature of 50-60°C.EFFECT: allows to reduce the content of neutral lipids and glycolipids in fractionated lecithin.1 tbl, 3 ex
Improved composition // 2631656
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: composition for automatic dishwasher contains (I) polyethyleneimine and/or a salt thereof or a derivative thereof, and (ii) at least one amphoteric polymer, which is: a quaternized ammonium copolymer of acrylamide and acrylic acid; or a water-soluble or water-dispersible copolymer comprising at least one amine-functional monomer, at least one hydrophilic acid-type monomer and, optionally, the copolymer further comprises at least one hydrophilic monomer with ethylenic unsaturation and a neutral charge.EFFECT: ensuring good rinsing of dishes.21 cl, 1 tbl
ethod of obtaining fuel, which is close to diesel // 2631252
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of obtaining components for (i) receiving supplements such as diesel fuel, or to (ii) fuel similar to diesel from crude tall oil, includes the following stages: provision of crude tall oil; extraction of lipophilic components present in the specified tallovom cheese butter, organic solvent with getting organic extract containing these lipophilic components; flushing the resulting organic extract with sulphuric acid with a concentration of at least 90 wt % with obtaining acid washed organic extract; and washing of organic acid washed extract water from getting components to receive supplements such as diesel fuel, or to obtain fuel similar to diesel. The invention also relates to a method of fuel, which is close to diesel.EFFECT: fuel, comparable in terms of maximizing the efficiency of the engine and even markedly improved in comparison with diesel fuel.25 cl, 6 tbl, 2 ex

Technical detergent "эдс-1" // 2631245
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: described technical detergent "ЭДС-1", comprising water, a nonionic surfactant, an anionic surfactant, isoamyl alcohol and a hydrocarbon solvent, as nonionic surfactant used neonol AF 9-10, as anionic surfactant sulphonol active substance is used as the hydrocarbon solvent used is Nefras C2 80/120 in the following ratio, wt %: water - 72, neonol AF 9 - 10 - 2.5, sulphonol - 2.5, isoamyl spirit - 5.0, Nefras C2 80/120 - the rest.EFFECT: efficient technical development of the detergent for the purification of oil residues and wall surfaces of asphaltene sediments in oil equipment.2 dwg
Applying avocado pit for obtaining avocado oil enriched with aliphatic polyhydric alcohols and/or acetylated derivatives thereof // 2630981
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: applying avocado seeds to obtain avocado oil enriched with aliphatic polyhydric alcohols and/or acetylated derivatives thereof by mechanical pressing, said seeds being 10 to 50 wt % of the total weight of the avocado used, said aliphatic polyhydric alcohols are saturated, monounsaturated or polyunsaturated trihydric alcohols C17-C21 of the aliphatic linear 1,2,4-trihydroxyl type, where the avocados are ground or cut into slices, and then dried at a high temperature to obtain the residual humidity of less than or equal to 5%, after which 1 to 5% of water or water vapour with respect to the weight of dried avocado are added before obtaining oil by mechanical pressing, and where the avocado oil contains at least 0.5 wt % of aliphatic polyhydric alcohols and/or acetylated derivatives thereof from the total oil weight. Method for obtaining avocado oil enriched with aliphatic polyhydric alcohols and/or acetylated derivatives thereof. Avocado oil enriched with aliphatic polyhydric alcohols and/or acetylated derivatives thereof. Applying avocado oil for preparing avocado oil concentrate. Applying avocado oil to obtain an unsaponifiable avocado product enriched with aliphatic polyhydric alcohols. Unsaponifiable avocado product.EFFECT: products are characterized by an increased content of aliphatic polyhydric alcohols or acetylated derivatives thereof.17 cl, 3 tbl, 9 ex
Detergent formulation for acid and strong-mineralized media // 2630960
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to formulations of technical detergents which can be used to clean reservoirs, mechanisms, soil, bottomhole zone of oil and gas wells, pipelines and other items from organic contaminants such as oils, fats, technical lubricants, oil, asphalt paraffin deposits (APD), remnants of drilling fluids, water-oil invert emulsions and other contaminants. A composition comprising a detergent-demulsifying additive, neonol AF 9-12 as a nonionic surfactant, caustic soda and water, which further comprises an aqueous solution of triethanolamine salts of sulfate esters of synthetic primary higher fatty alcohols of C8-C12 fraction as ampholytic surfactant, triethanolamine and as alcohol solvent C1-C3 alcohols or mixtures thereof, as the detergent-demulsifying additive the reaction product of oxyethylated surfactants with one or more dibasic acids C1-C16 or their anhydrides, and as the nonionic surfactant additionally comprises Sintanol ALM-8 with the following component ratio, wt %: the reaction product of oxyethylated surfactants with mono- or dibasic acids C1-C16 or their anhydrides 0.5-3.0; Neonol AF 9-12 or Sintanol ALM 8 8.0-20; an aqueous solution of triethanolamine salts of sulfate esters of synthetic primary higher fatty alcohols of C8-C12 fraction 3.0-10.0; triethanolamine 2.0-5.0; caustic soda 1.0-1.5; alcohols C1-C3 or mixtures thereof 20.0-55.0; deionized water up to 100.EFFECT: increased washing properties of aqueous solutions under conditions of high acidity and mineralization.2 tbl, 2 ex

Liquid composition for cleaning and/or deep cleaning // 2630776
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: liquid composition for cleaning and/or deep cleaning comprising a non-spherical and/or non-folding biodegradable abrasive cleaning particles obtained from an open cell foam structure having a density of 10 kg/m3 up to 200 kg/m3, having a cell size of 100-1000 micrometers and comprising a plurality of frames having an aspect ratio of the carcass length to the carcass thickness (L/T) in the range of 1.5 to 10. The said biodegradable abrasive cleaning particles comprise a plurality of filler particles, at least, partially, incorporated therein, characterized in that the particle size of the said biodegradable abrasive cleaning particles is larger than the particle size of the said filler particles, and wherein the ratio of the average diameter of the sphere having an equivalent area for the said filler particles and the said biodegradable abrasive cleaning particles is from 0.01 to 0.2. The diameter of the sphere having an equivalent surface area is measured in accordance with ISO 9276-6. The filler particles comprise a material selected from the group consisting of organic, inorganic materials and mixtures thereof. The organic material is selected from a plant material, essentially a cellulose or lignocellulose based material selected from walnut, wood, cotton, linen or bamboo shell fibers, corn cob, rice husks, sugars and/or more commonly carbohydrates, especially starch, preferably from grain, corn, potato or urea; other parts of plants selected from the group consisting of stems, roots, leaves, seeds; polyesters; biodegradable polyesters selected from the group consisting of polyhydroxyalkanoates, poly (lactic acid), polycaprolactone, polyamide esters, aliphatic and/or aromatic copolyesters, and mixtures thereof.EFFECT: effective cleaning and surface safety, and effective biodegradability.19 cl, 2 dwg, 6 tbl
Catalyst and method of manufacture // 2630698
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: disclosing a method of manufacturing a solid particulate material that is useful as a heterogeneous catalyst, comprising the steps of: forming at least one copper oxide slurry including solid copper oxide particles in a liquid; forming at least one suspension of the carrier material including solid particles of the carrier material in the liquid; combining a suspension of copper oxide and a suspension of the carrier material; exposing the combined suspensions to mechanical energy; separating the liquid of the slurry from the solid particles in the combined slurry and exposing the separated solids to the thermal decomposition step. The solid particulate material produced by the method has a BET surface of more than 150 m2/G, a particle size distribution such that D50 is in the range of 25-35 mcm and D50 after 60 minutes of sonication is at least 30% of the original value. A solid particulate material is used as a catalyst for carrying out a chemical reaction selected from a reaction type including hydrogenation, hydrogenolysis, amination and dehydrogenation.EFFECT: creation of solid heterogeneous catalysts having increased efficiency.15 cl, 6 ex, 1 tbl

ethod for ozonizing vegetable oils // 2630312
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for ozonizing vegetable oils involves bubbling an oil with an ozone-containing gas mixture in a reactor. Bubbling is carried out with the ozone-oxygen mixture containing from 100 to 220 g of ozone per 1 normal cubic metre of oxygen. Oil bubbling is carried out using a bubble tube providing the formation of gas bubbles in the oil with a size from 5 to 30 mm.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain an ozonized vegetable oil without changing its acidity while simplifying the equipment and maintaining high ozonization degrees of treated oil, and to prevent oil rancidity.13 cl, 1 dwg, 5 ex
Application of branched complex polyesters based on lemonic acid as additives in means for washing dishes, cleaning means, washing means or in the composition for water treatment // 2629951
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the use of branched polyesters which are obtained by polycondensation of citric acid with at least one polyalcohol, and optionally with a polycarboxylic acid component, as an additive in dishwashing detergents, detergents, detergents or treatment compositions of water and mixtures containing such branched polyesters. The use of branched polyesters which are obtained by polycondensation of: (a) citric acid (component A) with (b) at least one polyalcohol having at least 2 and up to 6 hydroxyl groups (component B) and (c) optional component of a polycarboxylic acid (component C), and optionally reacting with (d) at least one D component selected from the group consisting of: alkyl or alkenylcarboxylic acids having 6-30 carbon atoms in alkyl or alkenyl, alkyl or alkenyl alcohols with a 6-30 carbon atoms, alkyl or alkenylamines with 6-30 carbon atoms, aliphatic isocyanates with 6-30 carbon atoms, in the course of this polycondensation or thereafter, as an additive in dishwashing detergents, detergents, detergents or in a water treatment composition. The branched polyesters have a molecular weight Mn from 400 to 5000 g/mol, the molecular weight Mw from 500 to 50000 g/mol, an acid value of 60 to 600 mg KOH/g of polymer and a glass transition temperature in the range of -50 to +50°C. The mole ratio of citric acid to polyalcohol is 3.5:1 to 1.0:1.5, and where appropriate, the proportion of polycarboxylic acids is at most 30 mol % relative to the amount of citric acid used.EFFECT: use of substances for purification purposes, in particular as an additive to phosphate-containing and phosphate-free cleaning compositions for machine dish washing and for the purpose of preventing sedimentation in plumbing systems.13 cl, 2 tbl
Compositions, their application as or for receiving means for washing the dishes and their obtaining // 2629112
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for machine washing of dishes and utensils, comprising (A) in combination in the range from 1 to 50 wt % of at least one amino carboxylates selected from metilglitsindiatsetata (MGDA), as well as its salts, (B) an aggregate in the range from 0.001 to 5 wt % of at least one alkileniminovogo polymer which is covalently modified by at least one carboxylic acid or at least one carboxylic acid or at least one derivative of carbonic sour you, wherein a maximum of 75 mol % of the nitrogen atoms of primary and secondary amino groups of mentioned alkyleneimine polymer react with carboxylic acid, carboxylic acid derivative, respectively, carbonic acid, respectively, or with hydrocyanic acid and formaldehyde, in each case in terms of the solids content of the corresponding composition.EFFECT: glass corrosion inhibition.16 cl, 3 tbl
Detergent composition for purifying metal surfaces // 2629023
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: detergent composition is described containing trisodium phosphate, disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate, monoalkyl- or dialkyl polyglycol ether, trilon B-dilylthiopentaborate complex, and water.EFFECT: increasing the detergent and passivating properties of the detergent composition.3 tbl