To obtain multicolour or other optical effects and and (B05D5/06)

Heat-resistant coating of feringer and method of its application // 2634027
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: coating comprising several layers of paint successively applied to each other, contains, at least, the first, a plurality of intermediate, and a finishing layer of a heat-resistant paint based on a polymethylphenylsiloxane resin applied successively on each other, with the first and each subsequent intermediate paint layers applied to each other with incomplete drying of the pre-applied layer, have one light colour, and the last layer of paint applied to the layers of the light-coloured paint has a dark colour, wherein the result coating has a total colouring in the colour of the finishing layer of paint with chaotic splashes of the first layers of paint. The heat-resistant coating contains four layers of heat-resistant paint based on polymethylphenylsiloxane resin, the first, two intermediate, and finishing, applied consecutively on each other. The first paint has a light colour, predominantly light-silver, and the second paint has a dark colour, predominantly black, with the addition of an ortho-xylene solvent or a toluene-based solvent in the ratio of 1:10 to the finishing layer of the second paint. The invention also relates to a method of applying the said heat-resistant coating, which consists in preparing a surface before coating, followed by applying several layers of coating and drying, after surface preparation, at least, the first layer of the first paint based on a polymethylphenylsiloxane resin a thickness of 2-20 mcm is applied, the paint layer is dried for 5-40 minutes at a temperature of 15-35°C, after which the second layer of the said paint with a thickness of 2-20 mcm is applied, then the said applied layer together with the first layer is dried for 5-40 minutes at a temperature of 15-35°C, after which the third layer of the said paint with a thickness of 2-20 mcm is applied, then the said applied paint layer together with the pre-applied layers is dried for 5-40 minutes at a temperature of 15-35°C, then the previously diluted second paint with a thickness of 2-63 mcm is applied, which is diluted with a solvent in the ratio 1:(5…15), after which the resulting multilayer coating is dried at a temperature of 15-50°C for 2-6 hours.EFFECT: producing multicoloured and multi-toned coatings.11 cl, 5 dwg
ethod for patination of copper or copper alloy products, as well as products produced by this method // 2630564
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: product is brought into contact with at least one solution for the patination and in a subsequent processing stage, at least one aqueous polymer dispersion is applied to the produced patina layer. Pigments are added to at least one solution for patination and/or to at least one dispersion. At that, the dispersion penetrates into porous patina, then dries and forms with a patina compound which is diffusion-permeable for water vapour. The remaining amount of dispersion solids, including pigments, is deposited upon drying on the walls of porous patina cavities, without filling them completely, providing preservation of open porosity of patined copper products.EFFECT: providing a method for patination of articles made of copper or copper alloy, in which a greater choice of colour is possible, without impeding further natural ageing.10 cl, 1 ex

Optical effect layer // 2614674
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of the graphic elements, and is directed to the optical effect layer (OEL), the device and the method of manufacturing the said layer. The optical effect layer comprises a binder and a plurality of non-spherical particles having a nonisotropic reflectivity in the first cross-sectional layer. In the first cross-sectional layer, the optical effect is oriented perpendicular to the extended surface and along the first direction (x). The local average value of the angle between the straight line along the largest observed dimension in the corresponding cross section of those non-spherical particles, which cross the first cross section, and the first direction (x), is changed according to the position (P) function (θ) along the first direction (x). This function is the sum of the monotonically increasing or decreasing first function (θ1) of the position (P) and the periodic alternating second function (θ2) of the position (P). The device for producing the optical effect layer by orienting the magnetic or magnetizable particles dispersed within the binder, contains a set of one or more magnets. The set includes a magnetized magnetic plate and is configured to generate the combined magnetic field. The magnetic field contains the first component similar to the magnetic dipole field and having the North-South axis direction oriented parallel to the magnetized magnetic plate. The magnetic field also contains the second component of the magnetic field, containing a superposition of the individual local dipole-like magnetic poles. The second component corresponds to the alternation of the north and south magnetic poles along the first direction parallel to the North-South axis direction. The first and the second components of the magnetic field are overlaped, at least, in the area adjacent to the extended surface of the magnetized magnetic plate. In the method of manufacturing the optical effect layer, the binder is further hardened to fix the magnetic or magnetizable nonspherical particles in the received positions or orientations. The binder in the hardened condition is partly transparent for electromagnetic radiation at one or more wavelengths in the range of 200 nm - 2500 nm. Furthermore, the security document comprising the optical effect layer and the use of the optical effect layer as a security feature or the security element in the fields related to document protection, are disclosed.EFFECT: increasing the image quality, improving adhesion, increasing the coating resistance to wear and contamination and improving the optical appearance.28 cl, 32 dwg, 2 ex

ethod for manufacturing pattern, apparatus for manufacturing pattern, method for manufacturing structural body and apparatus therefor // 2607744
FIELD: image forming devices.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of making a pattern, apparatus for making a pattern, method of making structural body and apparatus therefor. Method of making a pattern includes a step for providing a pattern from a first liquid on a support, applying powder material on pattern and applying of coloured paint on powder material to form a coloured pattern of powder material. Powder material is applied onto provided pattern by means of feeding powder materials into area of support, including a pattern from a first liquid, and removing powder materials outside pattern from first liquid. First liquid is a reaction liquid, which reacts with coloured paint to provide an effect of fixing a colouring compound of coloured paint.EFFECT: method enables to make a pattern with high resolution and enables to form a pattern in a wide range of different media.9 cl, 2 dwg, 2 ex

ethod for coating vehicle body using primer layer (versions) // 2604157
FIELD: metal processing.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to coating of articles, particularly to coating of vehicle body. By this method, upon vehicle body primer layer is applied matched by colour with colour pigment of body, then above primer layer matched to body colour, first layer of basic coating body is applied before drying of the former, wherein before drying of first layer of basic coating, first layer of transparent coating is applied and thermal treatment of vehicle body is performed for drying primer layer matched to body colour, first layer of basic coating, and first layer of transparent coating so that after thermal treatment said colour pigment can reflect light passing through first layer of basic coating and first layer of transparent coating. Also due to reduced possibility of contamination of coating layers applied without intermediate heat treatment, higher quality of coating, reduced duration and costs are provided.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain vehicle body with coating of required colour, provided by predetermined combination of primer with colour pigment colour which contributes to resultant colour of body, basic coating, and transparent coating.11 cl, 2 dwg

Laminated coating film and coated article // 2599305
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to polymer materials and to a laminated coating film and coated article. Film comprises a metal base layer and colour transparent layer, which enable to produce the required colour. Laminated coating film is made like it has high chromaticity while illuminating and additionally provides continuity visibility. To this purpose, laminated coating film satisfies the following formula: (RH(P)/RH(OA))>60 (1), where RH(P) is reflection coefficient for illumination light of the required colour, and RH(OA) is the mean reflection coefficient for illumination light in the wavelength range outside the tone range of required colour.EFFECT: invention provides creating film with high chromaticity while illuminating and best continuity and intensity visibility.11 cl, 19 dwg, 2 tbl

Silicone hydrogel lens with cross-linked hydrophobic coating // 2583370
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: what is presented is a method for manufacturing a silicone hydrogel contact lens, which bears a cross-linked hydrophilic coating; the method involves heating the silicone hydrogel contact lens in an aqueous solution in the presence of a water-soluble strongly branched thermally cross-linked hydrophilic polymer material containing positively charged azetidinium groups at a temperature from 40°C to 140°C for a period of time sufficient to provide the covalent binding of the thermally cross-linked hydrophilic polymer material on the surface of the silicone hydrogel contact lens by means of covalent bonds, each of which is formed between one azetidinium group and one of reactive functional groups on the surface of the hydrogel contact lens and/or nearby, and thereby forming the cross-linked hydrophilic coating on the silicone hydrogel contact lens.EFFECT: method makes it possible to improve the hydrophilic nature and smooth surface of the lens; it can be successfully used immediately in a hermetic lens pack when processed in an autoclave.38 cl, 10 tbl, 24 ex

ethod for formation of excellent multilayer film coating // 2569356
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for formation of excellent multilayer film coating includes application of metal-based composition on coating substrate to form metal-based film coating. Coating composition contains colouring pigment and luster pigment. In addition, method also includes application of colour-based coating composition on metal-based film coating, with colour-based coating composition including colouring pigment and not including luster pigment. Then application of transparent coating composition on colour-based film coating, obtained for formation of transparent film coating, is realised. In addition, method includes simultaneous heating and hardening of formed metal-based film coating, film coating and transparent film coating to form multilayer film coating. Single layer of metal-based film coating, obtained by heating and hardening of metal-based film coating, has light reflection coefficient from 45 to 50% in range of wavelength 650-700 nm and light reflection coefficient not more than 20% in ranges of wavelength 410 nm and 510-590 nm. Single layer of colour-based film coating, obtained by heating and hardening of colour-based film coating, has light transmission from 50 to 70% in range of wavelength 400-700 nm. In addition, single layer has light transmission from 88 to 92% in wavelength 650-700 nm. Single layer has also light transmission from 20 to 60% in wavelength range 410-440 nm and 510-590 nm.EFFECT: providing possibility of obtaining multilayer film coating, which has less colour inhomogeneity and homogenous structure of film without strict regulation of changes in film thickness, coating has high saturation, high brightness and excellent colour depth, as well as candy colour.3 cl, 1 dwg, 2 tbl, 9 ex

ethod of imaging with metallic effect on sport equipment // 2567942
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: in compliance with this process, decorative layer comprises a metallic material. Decorative layer is created in 3D space on the surface of structural part of sport equipment. This process comprises production of decorative layer consisting of multiple adhesive layers of UV hardening on structural part surface by jet printing so that underlying adhesive layer is partially exposed. Besides, it comprises production of metallic material layers on the surface of adhesive layers. Produced decorative layer is provided with image with metallic effect. Colour pattern is applied on metallic material layer by jet printing.EFFECT: lower costs.7 cl, 7 dwg

Step-lens coating and method to manufacture specified coating // 2548963
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: this invention relates to a decorative surface coating and may be used in printing devices. The decorative surface coating (1) comprises a support layer (2), a decorative layer (3) with a lenticular decorative ornament and a transparent working layer (4) with a lenticular surface (5), comprising a linear grid of longitudinal lenticular lenses. The continuous method to manufacture a decorative surface coating (1) having lenticular effect includes a support layer (2). Besides, the method provides application of the decorative layer (3) onto the support layer (2), comprising a lenticular decorative pattern. The transparent working layer (4) is applied onto the decorative layer (3). Then the upper surface of the transparent working layer (4) is stamped to form the lenticular surface (5) containing longitudinal lenticular lenses. A varnish layer (8) is applied onto the surface of the transparent layer (4). Then layers are heated to form a surface coating (1).EFFECT: simplified manufacturing of a surface coating and provision of the possibility of simple care of the produced coating.15 cl, 6 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

ethod to manufacture panel for furniture or floor // 2531813
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method to manufacture a panel, in particular, a panel for furniture or floor. On at least one surface of a plate substrate they apply a decorative finish, preferably, the decorative finish that imitates wood. The substrate or the decorative finish is equipped with a planar 3D structure. To produce the structure, a liquid and/or powder-like applicable material is applied onto the substrate or the decorative finish in one layer or in multiple layers. The applied applicable material is in some places strengthened at least with the help of a device that is digitally controlled. The device is controlled using the structure data available in a digital form.EFFECT: invention provides for manufacturing of decorative panels with a 3D surface structure of high quality.15 cl, 4 dwg

Levelling film and method of its operation // 2528987
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of sandwiched materials used in thin-film instruments and devices. Proposed levelling film comprises levelling ply containing binding polymer resin and inorganic filler as components, at least, on one side of transparent polymer substrate. Note here that the number of foreign particles with mean diameter of 20-100 mcm on levelling air surface does not exceed 5 per m2.EFFECT: decreased amount of linear defects at production of thin-film transistor on film surface.3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex, 2 dwg

Building board and method of its manufacturing // 2498030
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: building board comprises inorganic base material, having textures of wood boards on their surface, a lower layer coating, an upper layer coating, an ink-jet coating and a transparent coating, serially shaped on the surface of the inorganic base material, in which the lower layer coating has higher content of the pigment that the upper layer coating, the lower layer coating and the upper layer coating have different shades, textures of wood boards have different colour depths as a result of variations in arrangement of the upper layer coating and its thickness, and various shades as a result of partial application of the ink-jet coating, having a shade that differs from the shade of the upper layer coating. Also the method is described to manufacture the building board.EFFECT: provision of the possibility to create a building board that resembles wood and reproduces its appearance in three dimensions.14 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of textile materials marbling // 2441956
FIELD: textile.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the area of art and color design, painting of such textiles as panels, shawls, scarves, ties, towels, etc. made of all types of textile fibers. The marbling method of textile materials comprises application of paints on a viscous substrate. Then, with a tool, a decorative pattern is created. After that the textile material is connected with the decorative pattern surface. As a viscous substrate, a mixture of thickener and textile auxiliaries is used. Substances are dissolved in hot water at a temperature of 50-70° C. Then they are stirred in a high speed mixer to form stable foam. The mixture is added into 15-30 g / kg of dry sodium chloride. Then it is re-mixed in a high speed mixer for 5-10 minutes. After connecting the textile material with the composition of colors obtained on the substrate, the excess paint is removed from the surface of the textile material. Removal is carried out mechanically and through the adsorbent material. The dye is dried and the heat-conducting fixation is carried out. Then it is washed.EFFECT: increased clarity, brightness and resistance to wet treatments of the artistic images.6 cl, 8 dwg

ethod and apparatus for forming frost work // 2437773
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of forming frost work involves feeding water into an airtight housing, feeding hydrate-forming gas under pressure, maintaining given pressure and temperature conditions for the entire duration of formation of gas hydrate deposits. Hydrate-forming gas is fed at pressure a little higher than equilibrium, needed for formation of gas hydrate compounds at given temperature of the surface of the walls of the housing. Given temperature and pressure conditions are maintained for the entire duration of formation of gas hydrate deposits. Water is applied on the translucent walls of the housing by spraying. Maintenance of temperature and pressure conditions continues for the entire duration of retention of the frost work on the walls in form of gas hydrate deposits. The frost work can be altered via dissociation of the formed gas hydrate deposits by reducing pressure of the hydrate-forming gas to a value below the equilibrium value. Frost work is formed once more.EFFECT: simple, fast programmed change of frost work and display of frost work at any temperature.2 cl, 4 dwg

Optical devices dynamically varying exterior printed in shaped magnetic field and including printed fresnel structures // 2429083
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: protective device comprises assemblage of n>1000 magnetically smoothed flakes that make image. Said flakes rest on substrate in first pattern to form ring or curve. Note here that said flakes are inclined at first angle to substrate while planes that extend flakes surfaces intersect to make image look like 3D object. Note here that bright or dark spot displaces over image on inclining protective device.EFFECT: optically varying images using magnetically smoother flakes in presence of magnetic fields.18 cl, 74 dwg

Coat system for articles of cold dark colour, and method to control article temperature increase // 2414307
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to dark-colour coats with minimum absorption of radiation in near IR spectrum, and may be used in automotive coats, construction paints, industrial coats, spacecraft coats and flexible coats. Proposed system comprises first IR-reflecting layer that contains IR-reflecting pigments in gummy binder. Second layer absorbing visible radiation features dark colour and is IR-translucent. Second layer comprises a shade in gummy binder and nano-sized pigments with mean particle size of 100 nm. Coated article comprises multilayer coat system. Method of controlling temperature increase in substrate subjected to IR radiation comprises applying composition of IR-reflecting coat on substrate, to make the first layer, and applying second layer of composition absorbing visible radiation and identical to second layer in multilayer dark composition. In compliance with second version, aforesaid shade may also have maximum milkness of 1 %, while coat system features blackness index of, at least, 240. Coated article comprises above described coat system.EFFECT: coat system does not absorb IR-radiation.22 cl, 1 dwg, 6 tbl, 16 ex

Engraved optically modified image // 2386484
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to optically modified pigments, films, devices and images, and in particular to alignment or orientation of magnetic flakes, for instance in process of painting or printing, to produce illusory optical effect. Method is described, as well as image produced with the help of method, in which non-spherical magnetically aligned flakes of optical pigment in transparent carrier are applied onto substrate and aligned by means of magnetic field application onto substrate. Pigment flakes are aligned along power lines of magnetic field, and tool is applied to subregion of substrate for impression or engraving of flakes to change orientation or remove flakes from desired area. For instance, it is possible to use engraving tool to trace signature or other symbols inside magnetically aligned flakes. Then flakes harden, and image is produced, which has optical and tactile criteria.EFFECT: provision of possibility to create tactile image, where it is possible to feel tactile transition between the first and second distinguishable areas, creation of bank note or secured document, which has tactile properties for assistance to blind people in verification of bank note or document authenticity, and also creation of image having optically modified area and having tactile areas above optically modified area.19 cl, 13 dwg, 5 ex

ethod of making antireflection coating based on mesoporous silica using sol-gel method in presence of certain polymers, static copolymers // 2371399
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to thin-film interference coatings for coating optical elements. A method is proposed for making thin 50-200 nm single-layer antireflection coating based on mesoporous silica on objects made from silicate glass with transmission maximum of 97.0 to 98.5% in the visible spectrum, involving a) sol-gel process of silicon tetraalkoxide in the presence of an organic additive in concentration of 0.1 to 5.0 wt % to the weight of the sol, using nanostructure self-organising techniques, induced by evaporating solvent EISA, b) heating a sample with coating in an air atmosphere at 300 to 600°C for several hours for thermal decomposition of the organic additive. The organic additive, which determines spontaneous micro-separation of inorganic and organic phases during formation of solid coating on glass, is in form of carbon-chain polymers, which contain lateral ether or ester groups or carbon-chain static copolymers, containing ether groups and ester groups.EFFECT: design of a method of obtaining cheap coating with low refraction index of 1,25-1,34.1 cl, 7 dwg, 7 ex
ethod for production of decorative coating // 2370378
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to decorative art and is related to method for production of decorative coating by powders of various colours and their decorative finishing. Onto previously processed surface, along contour of previously made pattern, a layer of coating material is applied - colour sand or powder or colourful microglitter with the help of slowly drying binder, for instance gel, then surface is dried, and item is ornamented with various ornaments, afterwards item is coated by varnish.EFFECT: new method of decorative coat production.

ethod and device for manufacture of structured surface and billet with structured surface // 2356639
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: during manufacture of structured surface wood grain pattern is applied on board surface (2) by means of printing method, then the first partially optically transparent coating (22) from varnish is applied on wood grain pattern. Using method of direct or indirect printing, the first coating is coated with partially optically transparent second coating (24) from varnish with spatially varied distribution of applied substance amount so that the second layer creates negative surface structure, in which surface structures that actually imitate indents are created in the form of elevations (28).EFFECT: provides for improvement of surface structure.39 cl, 11 dwg

Structural panel and method of its producing // 2329877
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the structural panel. The structural panel (1) at the front surface of the base plate (2) has a relief design (211). Onto the relief design (211) the first (3) and the second (4) prime coats, the radiant transparent layer (5) and the top transparent layer (6) are applied consequently. The layer (4) is obtained by application of the second prime material (41) on to the front layer surface (3) and has a relief surface repeating the relief design (211). The layer (5) is obtained by application of the first paint and varnish material (51) to the protrusions of the relief surface (4) containing a lot of radiant particles (52) in the form of thin flakes. The particles (52) in the layer (5) do not sediment and are basically situated in parallel to the plate (2). The layer (6) is formed all over the surface of the layer (4) including the layer surface (5). Additionally the viscosity of the first paint and varnish material (51) is 95˜120 KU.EFFECT: decision is about development of the structural panel with the radiant effect seen practically at any sight angle.3 cl, 8 dwg

ethod and device for application of relief coating // 2329876
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for production of sheet with high water-absorption. Method with application of dispersed suspension that contains water-absorbing hard material, which is dispersed in liquid medium on the surface of base sheet, includes formation of layer that contains suspension, which is installed between top and bottom layers, which is supplied into the space between them, at that top layer is flexible coating film, bottom one - base sheet, which moves under specified top layer, and formation of convex-concave relief on the top layer by means of rotation of relief roller in the same direction as the direction of base sheet movement. Roller has convex-concave relief on its surface. Relief application is carried out by means of pressing convex parts of roller to top parts of flexible coating film, the end of which is not fixed. The other variant of the method implementation includes formation of coating layer that contains suspension, on the surface of base by means of installation of rotating relief roller above the base, moving in longitudinal direction sheet through coating film, and by means of continuous supply of dispersed suspension between base sheet and coating film, with rotation of relief roller in the same direction as the direction of base sheet movement. Method also includes formation of the first and second fields on the surface of base sheet. The first one has coating layer of larger thickness, and the second one - coating layer of smaller thickness or practically does not have coating layer, with relief that has been applied with roller through coating film, the end of which is not fixed. Device for method implementation contains mechanism of base sheet movement in longitudinal direction, relief roller, which rotates in respect to horizontal axis, coating film for covering roller surface. The front end of mentioned coating film is installed downstream from the lowest position of rotating relief roller. Facility of suspension supply is installed between coating film and base sheet. Device provides formation of the first field with coating layer of larger thickness on the surface of base sheet, and second filed with coating layer of smaller thickness or almost without this layer.EFFECT: permits to produce sheets with high water-absorption, with sufficient flexibility in longitudinal and transverse directions and higher coefficient of liquid diffusion.22 cl, 18 dwg

Paint and vanish application method // 2316399
FIELD: paint and vanish application on building and building structure wall surfaces with the use of painting apparatus to create pattern based on previously created digital pattern model superimposed with digital object, which simulates real object surface.SUBSTANCE: method involves moving painting apparatus over object surface along with touching the surface with painting apparatus; continuously measuring or calculating device coordinates due to movement pickup usage; applying paint in compliance with said performance in dependence of determined coordinates; automatically stopping paint application if coordinate determination is not sufficiently precise relatively to predetermined admissible coordinate variation threshold or if paint or varnish have been previously applied on painted members defined by coordinate areas.EFFECT: increased speed and reliability of pattern creation on any object surface, possibility to use digital pattern models.14 cl, 18 dwg

A method of obtaining a pile surface on a three-dimensional product (options) // 2199398
The invention relates to light industry, in particular to the surface finish of bulk products multicolor fluffy patterns of technology electropositive

ethod of coating and decorative surfaces // 2166381
The invention relates to methods for coating surfaces and decorative finishing powders of different colors

Neutral covered product with low emissivity and method thereof // 2159158
The invention relates to a neutral coated product with low emissivity, and method thereof

Paint // 2130041
The invention relates to paints, varnishes and lacquers, in particular, to thermal management coatings low emissivity

A method and apparatus for coating optical fibers // 2118916
The invention relates to the coating of optical waveguide fibers

The method of obtaining decorative coatings on wood // 2097147
The invention relates to the production of wood decorative coatings with optical effect
A method of obtaining a decorative coating // 2090270
The invention relates to methods for coating and can be used in the manufacture of products with imitation finish, characterized by the artificial reproduction of the texture, not peculiar to the finished surface