Horticulture and cultivation of vegetables, flowers, rice, fruit, vines, hops, or seaweed and forestry and watering (A01G)

A   Human necessities(312083)
A01G              Horticulture; cultivation of vegetables, flowers, rice, fruit, vines, hops, or seaweed; forestry; watering (picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like a01d0046000000; plant reproduction by tissue culture techniques a01h0004000000; devices for topping or skinning onions or flower bulbs a23n0015080000; propagating unicellular algae c12n0001120000; plant cell culture c12n0005000000)(14214)
A01G5 - Floral handling(26)
A01G23 - Forestry(3753)
A01G33 - Cultivation of seaweed(147)

Lizimeter // 2642261
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices used in agriculture for balance research on reclaimed lands, in particular, for determining infiltration irrigation, thawed and sprinkling water. Lysimeter includes container (1) with a soil monolith, connected with vertically installed container (6), tray (5) and water level controls. Vertically mounted vessel (6) is divided into measuring container (9) and drainage well (10) by partition (8), in the middle part of which hole (11) is made in the form of an opening overlapped by shield (12). Shield (12) is equipped with device for discharge of water in the form of siphon (15), descending line of the siphon is brought to drain well (10) towards the head of the outlet of closed header. Siphon (15) is fixed inside the hole in shield (12), made with possibility of vertical limited movement relative to opening (11) in baffle plate (8). Vertically installed container (6) is hydraulically connected to container (1) tray (5) with the soil monolith. Lysimeter is provided with drainage tube (16) adjustable valve (18), one end of which is hermetically passed through shield (12) to the descending branch of siphon (15) and pointing upwards to its bend, and the second to measuring container (9) and is located below the ascending branch of the siphon. Ascending branch (23) of the device in the form of siphon (15) is equipped with L-shaped lever (22), in the middle part of which two-arm lever (19) is articulated, on one arm of which shut-off device (17) is fixed, and on the other arm – float (20).EFFECT: invention provides convenience and stepless adjustment of the lysimeter parameters for each taken crop and a program of dumping water into the drainage well, improves the accuracy of calculating the irrigation regime and allows expanding the scope of application for water accounting for irrigation or sprinkling.4 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of removing undesirable vegetation from railroad precinct // 2642180
FIELD: wood processing industry.SUBSTANCE: method includes periodic mechanical removal of undesirable tree and shrubbery vegetation from the railroad precinct. In the process of removal of the tree and shrubbery vegetation each specimen of tree and shrubbery vegetation is processed into chips. The tree and shrubbery vegetation is removed by the roots by a multi-functional vehicle 1. The time between the removal of vegetation from the railroad precinct and its processing into chips is equal to 1-3 minutes.EFFECT: method helps to reduce the hand labor of railway workers, reduce the cost of disposal and subsequent utilisation of logging residues, reduce until the complete elimination of re-treatment of previously cleaned areas and, in general, improve the quality of the railroad precinct clearance and traffic safety.2 dwg

Device for automatic pastry liquid distribution // 2642094
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of devices for liquid distribution and can be used to automatic supply assign liquid volumes. Device comprises a bulk with inlet and outlet ports and a housing placed in the bulk. Housing has a displace with closures and a pipe that is tapering downwards. Pipe is connected to the housing by screw. Housing and the displacer are ball-shaped. Closures are made in form of tapered needles. Inlet and outlet sockets have cone locking saddles. Locking socket of inlet fitting is located in the bulk. Locking socket of the outlet fitting is coaxial connected to a diverting, tapering down pipe. Draft tube is connected to a discharge pipeline. Bulk is further connected to the outlet pipe by means of tubular channels connected to side ports in the walls of the outlet pipe. Lower end of the housing is rigidly fixed to the bottom of the bulk. Housing is detachable.EFFECT: simplified design and higher operation reliability are provided.1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of in vivo adaptation of strawberry microplants // 2642085
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes planting microplants in plastic trays covered with lutrasil with planting openings preliminarily made therein, by immersing the plant root system in an aqueous antiseptic solution, with the subsequent provision of the flow circulation of water in the tray and the top fine-disperse humidification of the plants. A 0.01% solution of potassium permanganate is used as an aqueous antiseptic solution.EFFECT: method allows to reduce the resource intensity of the plant adaptation process.2 cl, 1 tbl

ethod for creating a system of cultural lawn with a lighting construction part // 2642083
FIELD: municipal services.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of landscape design in urban parks and on countryside. When implementing the method of creating a cultural lawn system with a glowing part, a grass-side is grown formed from preliminary-formed grasses having a base of lawn bands. Cultivation is carried out on the prepared site. Irrigation system is carried out from sections connected to the water source. Water source is equipped with an automatic control system. Sections of the irrigation system are placed between two layers of landscape fabric. Fertile soil is laid on the surface of the landscape fabric and seeds are planted. Under the lawn’s root system the anode of energy source is placed. Cathode of graphite is placed on the surface of plant stand. As a consumer, a luminous construction component is introduced. Part is made of glasslike polymer based on epoxy or polyester resin. Part contains an outer layer, an intermediate layer with a filler and a lower protective layer. Glass bits and luminescence material are used as the filler of the intermediate layer. Inside the part, an LED strip is fixed at the level of the intermediate layer. Tape is connected to the power source by a wire.EFFECT: provides the opportunity to highlight the landscape, the formation of strong root system of the lawn, high performance properties of the lawn.3 cl, 3 dwg

Greenhouse with cleaning and integrated waste gases recycling // 2641747
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: greenhouse includes the transit flue duct with bypass flue, the heat exchanger, the fan, the ejector, the ozon and air mixture distributor, connected to the ozon plant, the air/gas manifold, connected to the greenhouse body, equipped with the deflector. The oxidation chamber is installed after the ejector, it is equipped with the ozone-air mixture distributor and the hydraulic lock. The air/gas manifold is connected through its right and left branches to the greenhouse body, installed on the right and left rows of vertical plate heat exchangers, adjacent to the support posts with its end faces. Each vertical plate heat exchanger consists of the vertical rectangular body with the internal vertical partition, made of transparent material with high thermal conductivity and corrosion resistance. The vertical partition is installed with formation of the lower overflow slot. In the upper part of the body inner wall there is the horizontal distribution slot. In the upper part of the body outer wall there is the air/gas sleeve, connected to the right or left branch of the air/gas manifold. The body bottom has the condensate drain sleeve, connected to the right or left branch of the condensate manifold, connected to the oxidation chamber through the hydraulic lock and with anion filter.EFFECT: ecological efficiency increases of the green house with cleaning and integrated waste gases recycling.5 dwg
ethod for protecting tomato seeding of open ground from tomato leafminer // 2641525
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: individual 20-meter rows of Phoenix cucumbers on a vertical espalier are placed around tomato seeding or on intercellular spaces at a distance of no more than 70-80 m from the most remote tomato plants, achieving a permanent growth of cucumbers. Leafminers on cucumber leaves are destroyed by spraying plants with insecticides as the depredator accumulates. Tomatoes are not sprayed against the tomato leafminer.EFFECT: reduction of the pesticide load on the environment.1 cl
ethod for determining doses of mineral fertilisers for planned crop capacity of agricultural crops // 2641523
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for determining the doses of mineral fertilisers for the planned crop capacity of agricultural crops includes agro-chemical analysis, determining the correction factors and calculating the fertiliser doses, taking into account the value of the planned crop capacity, agrochemical soil indices, agronomic factors and biological features of agricultural crops, the calculation of fertiliser doses being carried out taking into account the additional influence of a predecessor in the crop rotation and the ratios of the removal of mineral nutrients depending on the crop capacity level, the rate of phosphate and potash fertiliser doses being calculated according to the formula: FR= (Rf-Rf×Cn):CUF×100, where FR- the rate of P2O5, K2O, kg/ha; Rf - the removal of P2O5, K2O with the planned crop, kg/ha; Cn - the factor of using P2O5 and K2O from the soil of removal with the crop; CUF - the factor of fertiliser nutrients use, %; and the rate of nitrogen fertilisers is calculated using the transformed formula: FR=(Rf-(Rf×Cn (of phosphorus)×)C):FUF×100, where C is the removal of nitrogen with the planned crop, the removal of P2O5 with the planned crop.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce the consumption of mineral fertilisers while cultivating agricultural crops.2 tbl, 1 ex
ethod of maintaining vine // 2641521
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes planting grape vines according to the scheme 2.5-3.0×0.75-1.0 m. A Y-shaped stem and a twisted cordon with 3-4-eyelet fruit links at the stem height of 100 cm from the laterals of the second order, ensuring the vine stability, are formed.EFFECT: expanding functionality and simplifying the method, increasing the productivity of the plantings.1 dwg,1 tbl, 1 ex
ethod of cultivating plate lentils in mixed sowing // 2641077
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: in the method, cultivating lentils is carried out in a mixed sowing with spring Camelina as a supporting crop in a common way in different rows without preliminary mixing the seeds. The lentils seed rate is 2.2 million of sprouting seeds per 1 ha, and that of spring Camelina - 6 million of sprouting seeds per 1 ha.EFFECT: method helps to increase the seed productivity of lentils and to obtain steadily a full yield of both crops.2 tbl, 1 ex

Interface for lighting in crop production for interaction with at least one lighting system // 2640960
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an interface 20 for converting a desired physiological response of a plant to control instructions for at least one lighting system 4, 5 having adjustable lighting parameters, said interface 20 comprises: a receiver for receiving the desired physiological response of the plant, a processor connected in operation with said receiver for converting said desired physiological response of the plant to said control instructions, and a transmitter 7 connected in operation with said processor, for transmitting said control instructions to said at least one lighting system 4, 5, wherein said desired physiological response of the plant is defined as a predetermined point in the multidimensional crop propagation space. In addition, the invention relates to crop production system, a sensor and a method for converting a desired physiological response of a plant to control instructions for at least one lighting system.EFFECT: invention will provide the ability to control lighting and an alternative lighting method for use in crop production.14 cl, 15 dwg

Installation for automatic watering of plants // 2640958
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: unit for automatic watering of plants includes a dosing tank, an adjustment device with a water outlet of the outlet branch and a drain hole and a network of pipelines. The shut-off organ is made in the form of a float regulator and is located on a discharge branch pipe. The float regulator is made in the form of a float and is attached to a two-arm lever. On the body of the branch pipe, there is a clamp. A bracket with a double-armed lever with an axis of rotation is rigidly attached to the yoke. The two-arm lever is L-shaped. To the lower end of the two-arm lever is attached a locking body in the form of a plug. Cork is made in the form of a hemisphere of durable wear-resistant rubber. The upper end of the double-armed lever is connected to an adjustable load-counterweight with the possibility of changing the force moment with an adjustable spring. The rotation of the double-armed lever with the locking body is limited by the bracket.EFFECT: regulation of the automated irrigation process after a specified time, increases the reliability of installation in operation.2 cl, 2 dwg
Application of method of noninvasive light pulsed therapy for photostimulation of plants and microorganisms // 2640851
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: application consists of irradiation with pulses of light of duration 5×10-3 to 10-10 s, in the particular case, in the ultraviolet range of wavelengths of 305-405 nm. Wherein at the same time, irradiation in the red and infrared spectrum ranges is carried out, the irradiance ratio in the three spectral regions being 97:1.5:1.5. The irradiation pulse sequence frequency is set to not more than 1 Hz, the irradiation is carried out with the possibility of changing the radiation intensity from 1 to 100 W/cm2, in the spectral range of wavelengths of high-altitude solar radiation of 300-1500 nm.EFFECT: application makes it possible to increase resistance to diseases.4 cl

ethod of growing raspberry and device for its implementation // 2640828
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: tying raspberry stalks on trellises, harvesting, pruning off shoots which bore fruit and bending newly grown shoots are carried out. The raspberry growing time is divided into at least three periods. Tying the stalks of the whole row of raspberries is carried out on trellises by means of inclinable supports. The stalks are bent by the trellises to one side, and the supports are fixed in the inclined position. The bent raspberry stalks are held in the inclined position till fruiting shoots grow on them upwards. After ending the shoot formation, the raspberry stalks are bent with the trellises by turning the supports in the direction opposite the original inclination, with directing the raspberry shoots downwards. After harvesting, until finishing the formation of new raspberry stalks, the shoots that bore fruit are bent to the ground at an angle of 80-90°, or freed from the trellises. To ensure the favourable overwintering, the newly grown raspberry stalks are fixed on the trellises and bent to the ground in the direction opposite from the inclination of the stalks that bore fruit to the angle of 80-90°. They are held in this position the whole winter period. The device includes supports with a base and trellises, inclinable by means of the swivel connection in the direction transverse relative to the raspberry row. Each support is equipped with a mechanism for fixing it in at least five positions on each side of the supports - vertical, two inclined and two horizontal. Fixing the supports is carried out by means of a pin installed in an opening on the support and in openings corresponding to it. The openings are made on a sector rigidly fixed on the base for fixing the inclinable support.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of harvesting raspberries by the mechanized method, improving the raspberry growth in the spring period.6 cl, 9 dwg

ethod of accelerated reproduction of tuber crops // 2640363
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes stimulating the growth of etiolated sprouts by means of cutting the apical part and treatment with a solution of thiourea, germinating tubers in the darkness at a temperature of 14-16 °C and relative humidity of 90-95%, alienating the apexes from the basic etiolated sprouts of the first order at the time of formation of 3-4 nodes on the basic etiolated sprouts of the first order, planting the tubers in the soil at the formation of 3-5 lateral etiolated shoots of the second order and shoots of callus origin, on the basic etiolated shoots of the first order, dusting the tubers after planting with humus soil with the layer of 10 cm, and after the sprouts have reached the height of 21-25 cm above the humus soil level, dusting the shoots with a nutrient substrate of a different density, re-dusting several times as the sprouts reach the height of 21-25 cm above the substrate level, leaving at the dusting the tops of the shoots with a length of 1-5 cm free above the substrate surface, reducing the substrate density with each dusting. Planting the tubers is carried out in blocks with the formation of the distance between the ridges and the row spacings according to the scheme: [(2g1+g2)_(m2+m1+m2)], where g1 is the distance between the ridges of 40 cm; g2 - the distance between the ridges of 50 cm; m1 - the distance between the row spacings of 40 cm; m2 - the distance between the row spacings of 50 cm, and the block plantation is formed according to the scheme: (m2+ m1+ m2)⋅n, where m1 is the distance between the row spacings of 40 cm; m2 - the distance between the row spacings of 50 cm; n is the number of blocks in the plantation.EFFECT: reducing the proportion of manual labour and the ability to use the technology in the technological process of growing potatoes.1 dwg,1 ex
Fibre flax growing method // 2640286
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes presowing treatment of flax seeds with rhizobacteria of fungistatic and growth-stimulating action. For the presowing treatment of flax seeds, a strain of Pseudomonas sp. or phosphate-mobilizing bacteria isolated from Eisenia fetida earthworm coprolites with a concentration of 107-108 cl/ml at the rate of 5 l/t of seeds are used. In addition, vegetating plants in the "herringbone" phase are treated with the bacteria with a concentration of 1010-1011 cl/ml in the dose of 100 l/ha.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase the yield of fibre flax seeds and straw due to reducing the morbidity rate of root rot diseases.3 cl, 4 tbl, 4 ex

ethod of stepwise irrigation // 2640049
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: when performing the method of stepwise irrigation, the stationary watering head is rotated by a predetermined angle. The rotation is carried out only at the moment of switching the irrigation on and off.EFFECT: reliability and compactness of sprinklers, the possibility to reduce the number of sprinklers without losing the quality of sprinkling.2 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of determining number of felling residues after grading timber harvesting // 2639895
FIELD: wood industry.SUBSTANCE: method includes selection of felling residues. Selection of felling residues after grading timber harvesting is carried out on systematically located on area trial lines 4 of equal length, held perpendicular to skid 5. Not individual pieces of wood are taken into account, but clusters of felling residues 3 that intersect with the trial lines. Number of felling residues on 1 hectare of area is defined by the ratio: where N is the number of clusters of felling residues on 1 hectare of area, pcs/ha; M is the average number of felling residues that intersect with one trial line, pcs/line; R is average radius of cluster of felling residues, m; l is length of one trial line, m.EFFECT: method will allow to increase the efficiency of estimating the number of felling residues due to the reduction in the duration and laboriousness of the estimation, the method will allow to measure the number of felling residues not in individual pieces of wood in the heap, but in clusters.1 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex
ethod of clear cutting in spruce forests // 2639325
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes clear cutting of mature and overmatured spruce stands on a cutting area. During the cutting, a stepped canopy from young plants is formed by leaving trees below the average diameter of the cutting area stand on the cutting area borders, in strips with a width of 10-12 m. The adjunction of a next cutting area is carried out by forming a wind-resistant edge.EFFECT: reducing commercial timber losses from desiccation and windfall in a stand strip adjacent to the cutting area and subsequent reforestation after clear-cutting in spruce forests.2 dwg, 2 tbl

ethod and device for adjusting environmental conditions for growing plants // 2638843
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes determining a plant variety grown in a flower pot by using a terminal device located on the flower pot; loading a standard growing curve corresponding to the plant variety from the plant database in the cloud server in accordance with the plant variety. The standard growing curve is adjusted according to the parameters of the environment in which the flower pot is located, then the environmental conditions for growing plants are adjusted in accordance with the adjusted growing curve. The device comprises a determination module made with the ability to determine a standard growing curve of the plant grown in the flower pot; the first adjustment module made with the ability to adjust the standard growing curve determined using the determination module in accordance with the environment in which the flower pot is located, to get the adjusted growing curve; and the second adjustment module made with the ability to adjust the environment conditions for growing the plant in accordance with the growing curve adjusted using the first adjustment module. Wherein the determination module comprises a first determination submodule configured to determine the variety of the plant grown in the flower pot by means of the use of a terminal device located on the flower pot; and a loading submodule configured to load the standard growing curve corresponding to the plant variety from the plant database in the cloud server, in accordance with the plant variety identified by means of the determination submodule. The device for use in adjusting the environmental conditions for growing a plant comprises a processor and memory for storing commands executed by the processor for carrying out the method according to claim 1.EFFECT: inventions make it possible to increase the adaptability of plants to various environment conditions.9 cl, 8 dwg

ethod and device for providing recommendation by plant variety // 2638842
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes determining a parameter of the environment in which a flower pot is located. Wherein the parameter of the environment in which the flower pot is located includes at least one of: the pollution index of the environment in which the flower pot is located; the ventilation index of the environment in which the flower pot is located; and the water quality parameter in the flower pot; and recommendations are provided for the flower pot by the plant variety suitable for the environment parameter. A device for cultivating a plant variety, taking into account the environment parameter, comprises a sensor configured to determine the flower pot environment parameter; and a recommendation module configured to provide a flower pot with a recommendation by the plant variety corresponding to the environment parameter determined by the first determination module. The device additionally comprises a determination module configured to determine the geographical location of the flower pot and to determine a temperature change schedule corresponding to the geographic location; and the recommendation module is also configured to provide the flower pot with a recommendation by the plant variety corresponding to the temperature change schedule determined by the determination module. The device for use while providing a recommendation by a plant variety comprises a processor and a memory for storing commands executed by the processor; wherein the processor is configured to carry out the method according to claim 1.EFFECT: inventions allow to prolong the life cycle of plants.11 cl, 10 dwg

Solar vegetarium // 2638533
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: solar vegetarium comprises a rectangular greenhouse with a flat roof, a system of perforated pipes 10 laid in the greenhouse soil and connected by a transverse manifold pipe connected to a vertical ventilation pipe with flaps. The other ends of the perforated pipes are led into the inside of the greenhouse. The vegetarium has a stove-wall with hoods accumulating thermal energy. The greenhouse is made of two parts 1, 2 and a product processing unit 3 separated therefrom by a stove wall, heaters of the lower 5 and the upper 9 stove tiers. The heaters of the lower 5 tier are equipped with shutter doors 6, 11 and 7 and are connected to the perforated pipes creating microclimate and irrigation in the greenhouse. The heaters of the upper 9 stove tier with doors 8 and transoms 12 are connected to the ventilation system, and accumulating hoods - to each part of the greenhouse.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of the use of energy resources for heating, ventilation and in-soil irrigation in any period of the year.2 dwg
ethod for stimulating growth and development of cucumbers in covered ground // 2638324
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes treating plants with a biological preparation. Wherein before sowing cucumbers, dry manure is applied to the soil at the rate of 100 kg/ha of nitrogen, and against its background during the vegetation period the sowings are periodically stimulated with the aqueous 0.2% solution of ground cones of coniferous species, which are previously infused at the ratio of 1:100 for 10-12 hours.EFFECT: method allows to simplify the method, to increase the productivity of plants and to reduce their morbidity.2 tbl, 1 ex
Sprinkling machine for mountain and foothill terrain areas // 2638312
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: sprinkling machine for mountain and foothill terrain areas comprises a water supply pipeline with sprinkling devices. The pipeline is placed on trolleys with electric drives. The control, movement and navigation of the sprinkling machine is carried out due to electrical energy generated by a micro-HPP. The energy is generated by using the head of water in the supply pipeline. The head in the pipeline is supported by a difference in the terrain between the water source and the irrigated area.EFFECT: excluding the need for external power supply, the use of fuels and lubricants, the depreciation of machines and mechanisms.2 dwg
Led modulated plant phytolighter // 2637744
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: control system is introduced with an automatic regulator of the radiation flux density for the time of day "morning", "day", "evening" and an automatic regulator of pulse switching of light sources with adjustment of exposure time and duration of dark pauses. The change in the parameters of the light flux can also be controlled manually.EFFECT: creating LED plant phytolighter, modulated by a spatial modulator, based on phyto LED matrices operating in pulsed mode with spectral characteristic, which matches as much as possible the relevant individual characteristics of plants, and increased density of radiation flow, helps to ensure significantly higher yields for shorter periods.3 dwg
Technological adapter with module of magnetic-pulse treatment of plants // 2637726
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: adapter includes a frame, a magnetic-pulse treatment unit with two flat inductors mounted with the possibility to move in the vertical plane, and a power system. Wherein it is equipped with removable wheels mounted on the frame, an automatic adaptation system with actuators, ultrasonic sensors and a controller, LED floodlights, at least one flat inductor. The inductors are mounted with the possibility of changing the inclination angle.EFFECT: increasing the yield and the process efficiency of magnetic-pulse treatment of plants.3 dwg

Self-regulating drop water discharge of irrigation pipeline // 2637724
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: self-regulating drop water discharge of the irrigation pipeline is made in the form of a movable spring-loaded valve with a locking head. The locking head is ball-shaped. The head is connected by guides with a restrictive washer. The washer is made petal. The washer is located in a cylindrical guide with a possibility of reciprocating movement. The cylindrical guide is connected to the spherical head. A compression spring adjusted to the present pressure is installed in the spherical head. In the spherical head, water discharge holes are provided. The holes are located in the end part of the spherical head along concentric circles. The spherical head with the cylindrical guide are fixed to the irrigation pipeline by means of a clamp. The clamp is tightened by bolts and has roundings in the bolts installation area to prevent injury to the installer during assembly.EFFECT: adjustable water supply, simplified installation and dismantling of the water discharge.2 dwg
ethod of aviation laser treatment of plants in vegetation period // 2637663
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: unmanned aircraft with a fixed laser unit is used. The flight trajectories and parameters are entered into the aircraft memory. The device is tied to the terrain at the processing site. The laser treatment of the field is carried out by scanning frame laser radiation. The aircraft return to the takeoff point after carrying out the treatment is ensured.EFFECT: increasing the treatment efficiency.1 dwg

ethod for tree felling // 2637130
FIELD: wood processing industry.SUBSTANCE: method is to impact the tree trunks. A series of trees 1, 2, 3, located close to one vertical plane is selected, with the standing tree in the row ahead larger by mass or approximately equal to the next tree. The tree trunks are connected to each other by successive connection with a cable 7 at a height of 1/4÷1/2 of the trees height from the ground surface with cable deflection between the trees so that when the trees are tilted from the vertical by an angle of 30-60 degrees, the cable between this tree and the subsequent tree in the direction opposite to that of felling is located along a straight line connecting the trees connection points with the cable. Then, felling of the outermost tree is performed by cutting in a direction close to the plane of the trunks 4, 5, 6 of the connected trees and opposite from the direction to the connection with the next tree.EFFECT: simplification of the method for tree felling, reduced energy costs and expenses.2 cl, 2 dwg
ineral wool substrate for growing plants on non-phenolformaldehyde binder // 2636967
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: substrate contains mineral fibers with a diameter of 0.5 to 10.0 mcm, a binder obtained by thermal curing of an aqueous composition containing polyvinyl alcohol, modified starch and an adhesion modifier silane.EFFECT: reducing the substrate phytotoxicity, increasing its hydrophilicity and improving wettability, an environmentally-friendly substrate.12 cl, 6 tbl, 6 ex

ethod for increasing nutritional value of edible plant part by means of light and lighting appliance designed for it // 2636955
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: in the method for increasing the nutritional value in the first plant part of an agriculture crop, the first plant part includes an edible plant part, and the agricultural crop, in addition to the first plant part, includes one or more other plant parts. The illumination during the illumination period for the enhanced formation of nutrients of the target part of said first plant part by horticultural light is preferably selected so as to increase the formation of a nutrient in the first plant part, allowing one or more other plant parts to be in other different lighting conditions, wherein the lighting period for the enhanced nutrient formation starts within a period of two weeks before harvesting the first plant part and where the first plant part, during the illumination period for the enhanced nutrient generation, receives light with a light distribution spectrum different by wavelengths and/or intensity as compared to one or more other plant parts. The lighting appliance includes a plurality of light sources arranged as a 2-dimensional plurality of light sources, wherein the 2-dimensional plurality of light sources includes a first subset of the light sources and a second subset of the light sources, and wherein the first subset and the second subset are individually adjustable. Wherein the device is additionally configured to provide, during the illumination period, for enhanced nutrient generation, horticultural light with a spectral light distribution with at least at light intensity at a first wavelength selected from the range of 300-475 nm and at a second wavelength selected from the range of 600-800 nm. During said lighting period for enhanced nutrient formation, the first subset of the light sources provides horticultural light with a higher intensity to one or more of said wavelength ranges than the second subset of the light sources. The lighting appliance additionally includes a sensor configured to determine the maturity of the first plant part of the agricultural crop and where the appliance is additionally configured to determine on this basis the start time of the illumination period for the enhanced formation of nutrients.EFFECT: inventions allow to grow plants under optimal lighting conditions and to apply light to achieve additional nutritional value only during the last days before harvesting.15 cl, 23 dwg
ethod for growing raspberry in conditions of komi republic // 2636591
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes laying a plantation, selecting crops for planting and planting a berry crop from the windward side in places with the increased accumulation of snow cover. The plantation is laid in areas where groundwater is not closer than one metre from the soil surface. The plantings are arranged by the cluster or tape method, at least three varieties of raspberries are used: an early ripening variety, a mid-ripening one, and a late ripening one, adapted to the soil and climatic conditions of the Komi Republic, with the possibility of cross-pollination of flowers of different varieties selected from the series: Hussar; Bell; Wolnitsa; Ottawa; Dawn of Altai; Eyas; Samara dense; Peresvet. For planting, raspberry seedlings with well-developed annual root offsprings with the roots of at least 10-15 cm, with a thick fibril and an aerial sprout part with the thickness of not less than 8-10 mm. The plantings are mulched twice in spring and autumn with peat-manure compost. After overwintering, in the early spring, the sprouts are cut to the first normally developed and overwintered bud, removing frozen or unripened dry tops. Annually, organic fertilizers improving the soil structure are applied.EFFECT: prolongating the fruiting period of raspberry, increasing its viability in conditions of low temperatures and increasing the yield.4 cl; 1 ex
ethod of producing concentrated hewitt nutritional solution // 2636468
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method involves dissolving mineral salts in distilled water. Herewith the components containing calcium and magnesium are used in an amount less than the Hewitt's formulation, so that when the concentrate is subsequently diluted n-times with tap water of medium hardness, the concentration of calcium and magnesium ions corresponds to the Hewitt norm. The precipitation of calcium phosphates is prevented by acidifying the concentrate to a pH of 2.0-2.2 by adding hydrochloric and/or sulfuric acid and potassium phosphate alone in an effective amount. The concentrated nutrient solution is prepared by mixing the calculated amounts of mother liquors of mineral salts containing Hewitt nutrient solution components.EFFECT: simplification of the Hewitt nutrient solution.3 cl, 1 dwg, 2 tbl, 1 ex

ethod of producing eco-chernozem and device for method implementation // 2636324
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: livestock and crop wastes are collected and mixed, ground, ground sorbing additives are added thereto until the excess moisture of the mixture is eliminated, a culture of processing microorganisms is introduced, stirred and held at a stable temperature until the end of processing. As the livestock waste, manure removed by water wash is used, grinding the waste and the sorbing additives is carried out to the particle size of not more than 5 mm, 1…3% of the volume are taken from the waste mixture, placed in a drained thermoregulated container in the layer of 3…6 cm on top of the eco-chernozem layer containing chernozem-forming organisms, held at the temperature of 20…30°C till the end of processing the mixture layer into eco-chernozem. Then a new layer of the mixture is laid, held until the end of processing, and these operations are repeated until the processing time of the next layer is less than one day, then it is poured with water in an amount of not more than 50% of the eco-chernozem weight in the thermoregulated container, and the drainage is collected. Device for obtaining eco-chernozem.EFFECT: inventions allow to multiply the productivity of processing.2 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for soil sampling for agrochemical analysis on distances along small river and transversly from water line // 2636225
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: surveyed territory as a grid for soil sampling is determined on the side of a small river within the water protection zone near agricultural landings, soil sampling points of the grid are located in places without significant anthropogenic or technogenic impact, and soil sampling sites are taken as dots on the coastal relief of natural origin, then the point of the first measurement site intersection with the water line of the small river water surface is taken as the origin of the coordinate grid, the first soil sampling points at all measurement sites are located beyond the small river coastline from the water line. At least three measurement sites along the river are located irregularly, and soil sampling points at each measurement site are regularly located at a constant distance between them, soil sampling is performed approximately in the summer runoff low of the small river, on an uneven grid along the river due to different lengths between the water line and the first sampling points on the measurement sites along the course of the small river flow, the distance between the corresponding points on the measurement sites is measured on the map, after measurements with respect to the grid for all soil sampling points according to agrochemical analysis of soil samples, two-factor statistical modeling of the chemical content is carried out depending on the distance along the grid along the river and the distance from the water line to the soil sampling points evenly located along the sites.EFFECT: improvement of the method.4 cl, 10 dwg, 6 tbl
Device for fixing and adjusting carrying wires in plant row // 2636172
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises for each row a pair of head pillars and a plurality of intermediate pillars, between which fixed or movable carrying wires and movable supporting wires are tensioned, the supporting wires and said carrier wires, if any, being made with the possibility to move in the vertical direction. Wherein each head pillar is buried in the ground in the substantially vertical position and is connected to an additional pillar installed in the vertical position by means of a first structural element located near the upper ends of the head pillar and the corresponding vertical pillar and, by means of a possible second structural element located near the lower ends of said pillars buried in the ground so as to form a rigid structure that resists the tension of the wires of said plant row. Each additional vertical pillar also forms a guide for a moving means, to which the supporting wires are attached. The device mounting method includes the following stages: a) providing a pair of head pillars; b) penetrating said pair of head pillars in the vertical position into the ground at a predetermined depth; c) penetrating an additional pillar into the ground in a vertical position near each pillar of the head pillars, so that they are arranged on the same line with the pair of head pillars, and so that they face in opposite directions with regard to the pair of head pillars; d) connecting each head pillar with the appropriate additional pillar by means of a first structural element at the upper end of the head pillar and the additional pillar and probably with a second structural element at the lower end of the head pillar and the additional pillar above or below the ground level; e) penetration into the earth of a certain number of intermediate pillars to support the carrying wires; f) tensioning horizontally the plurality of fixed or movable carrying wires between the head pillars and attaching them to said plurality of intermediate pillars; g) attaching at least one pair of supporting wires, horizontally aligned and spaced from each other at a predetermined distance, between two additional pillars by means of a drum moving along the additional columns; h) arranging said at least one pair of second supporting wires below a growing last year's shoot; i) providing the opportunity for the growth of grape vine shoots from last year's shoots, so that they rise above said at least one pair of supporting wires; j) moving up said at least one pair of supporting wires in order to support and hold the shoots.EFFECT: increasing the vertical movement range of supporting wires to provide greater flexibility in plant management and simplifying the process of penetrating head pillars into the ground.5 cl, 11 dwg
Composition for stimulating coating of plant roots // 2636168
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: composition for a stimulating coating of plant roots after the water addition, containing a branched polyoside, as well as a beneficial substance, is characterized in that said branched polyiside is represented by xanthan gum in the form of a powder, the particles of which have a size of less than 177 mcm. The dispersed composition comprises a) particles of the branched polyoside having a diameter greater than 70 mcm and less than 250 mcm, said branched polyoside being represented by xanthan gum; b) a beneficial active substance in the "dry" form; c) if necessary, a neutral matrix stabilizing the active substance. A method of obtaining a composition for stimulating coating of plant root includes the stage of adding water to the composition by any of claims 1-13. Applying the composition obtained by the method according to claim 14 for carrying out stimulating coating of the plant roots. A method for transferring a beneficial agent to the plant roots comprises the stages of (i) providing a composition for root stimulation coating comprising a beneficial agent and a branched polyoside by the method according to claim 14, and (ii) applying the composition for root stimulation coating on the plant roots. The method for planting a plant comprises the stage of planting the plant in a substrate providing plant growth, the plant roots being coated with the composition obtained by the method according to claim 14.EFFECT: inventions allow to stimulate the roots of the treated plants and to obtain the coating just before the plant treatment.19 cl, 6 tbl, 9 ex

Device for chemical forest care // 2635578
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device relates to the field of forestry and is designed to destroy low-value species of deciduous trees during thinning operations. The device comprises a housing in the form of a pipe of rectangular cross-section. In the upper part of the housing, a handle with a built-in chemical solution feeding mechanism is fixed, and there is a cutting device in the lower part. The cutting device consists of a U-shaped housing with a bridge welded from the bottom. Inside the U-shaped housing, there is a shaft with a toothed cutter placed on it, together with which toothed gears of a ratchet mechanism are mounted on the sides. On the left side of the U-shaped housing, a stop is rigidly fixed. Above the cutter shaft in the central part of the U-shaped housing, the drive lever of the ratchet mechanism is hingedly mounted.EFFECT: reducing the labour consumption of the cutting process.2 dwg
ethod for hydroponic non-substrate plant growing and device for its implementation (versions) // 2635396
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: for the method for hydroponic non-substrate growing, plants are placed in a growing pan. A nutrient solution is fed. The nutrient solution is subsequently discharged. The root system of plants is kept in the air for a certain time. The cycle is repeated. The device for hydroponic non-substrate plant growing contains a growing pan and containers with plants. The containers are placed between two channels of the growing pan. A coating of water-retaining material is provided inside the tray. A part of the root system of each plant divided in two is placed in each channel.EFFECT: increased efficiency of plant growing by combining the water supply regime with oxygen enrichment of the root system.3 cl, 4 dwg
ethod for growing grafted grape seedlings with use of radifarm biostimulator // 2635392
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing rootstock and grafting cuttings, calibrating the rootstocks and the grafting, removing eyelets on the rootstocks, refreshing the cuttings on the basal part of the rootstock stem, cutting the grafting into cuttings with one eyelet, soaking the grafting and rootstock cuttings in water, treating the cuttings in a fungicide solution, machine grafting, waxing, stratification, planting in a nursery garden. Before planting in the nursery garden, the grafts are put with their basal part for 18 hours in the 0.3% Radifarm solution.EFFECT: method helps to increase the yield and improve the quality of grafted seedlings, to reduce the terms of pre-planting preparation of the grafts, excluding the process of graft hardening, stimulates the root system growth and contributes to the uniform development of plants.3 tbl

Water gutter for greenhouses with film coating and gutter connection joints // 2635386
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: water gutter includes an upper chute and a lower chute, forming together with sidewalls a tubular-shaped internal cavity. The gutter sidewalls on the outer side are made with a longitudinal ledge equipped with a bead to form a side chute, the upper, lower and side chutes having openings for the liquid discharge. The gutter sidewalls are made inclined from the vertical axis, the openings of the upper chute are equipped with outlet pipes and / or funnels passing through the gutter interior and the opening in the lower chute for connection to storm runoff pipes. The openings of the lower chute are made with outlet pipes connected to the storm drain pipe. The lower gutter chute is made with counter-inclines to the center, forming a V-shaped rib, and the connection joint for mounting the gutter on columns comprises a support with a V-shaped response recess and a detachable retainer made in the form of two symmetrical pads with hitches on the upper edge, embracing the side chute beads and connecting the gutter with the support mounted on the column. The connection joint for fixing the film coating is made in one piece with the upper chute in the form of longitudinal shaped locking-type slots located on the edges of the upper chute.EFFECT: increasing the gutter rigidity and ensuring the separate supply of precipitation water and condensate to a storm runoff, with preventing atmospheric precipitation falling inside the greenhouse and uncontrolled air exchange with the external environment, improving the performance of a gutter for greenhouses with film coating while reducing the material consumption of its structure.17 cl, 10 dwg

Sprinkler with adjustable sprinkling quality // 2635167
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: sprinkler comprises a cover with a supply pipe. The cover is equipped with circumferentially arranged nozzles-jets. The nozzles-jets are made in the form of conical sprayers with spiral guides of the left-sided direction. The nozzles-jets are arranged on the end surface of the cover. On the end surface of the cover, there are three nozzles-jets with an angle between them 60°. The nozzles-jets are installed in threaded openings with sealing gaskets. The spiral guides are replaceable. At the top of the cover, there is a spoon-shaped sprinkling zone generator. The inner surface of the generator is made parabolic. On the outer surface of the generator, a stiffening rib is provided.EFFECT: obtaining a clearly limited watering zone, reducing hydraulic resistances, optimizing sprinkling parameters in terms of intensity and structure.3 dwg
ethod of brewing ridge by green grafts in conditions of north // 2634968
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes selection of the variety of grafter, the period of propagation, the type of graft and the planting of green graft, followed by rooting. As a grafter for green propagation, a variety of Kolobok, or Senator (Consul), or Krasloslavsky is used. Propagation is carried out in the first decade of July in the phase of dying growth with a change in the colour of the upper part of sprouting and up to lignification of 1/3 of one-year increment of the grafter. Cultivation of grafts is carried out at the site of their rooting. For planting, apical or combined grafts are used. Rooting of green grafts is carried out in greenhouses using cover materials.EFFECT: high reproduction rate and shorter period of seedlings growing in the Far North conditions.3 cl, 3 tbl
ethod for creating and maintaining collection of improved potato varieties as monoclonal mini-tubers // 2634966
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: in the method, clonal multiplication of the improved plants is carried out by means of cuttings. Herewith the collection material of each variety is formed by monoclonal mini-tubers grown indoors on the aeroponic device from one propagated improved plant under conditions characteristic of the climatic zone, where the variety is zoned. Then the collection material of each potato variety is stored and maintained in the form of genetically homogeneous monoclonal mini-tubers, the productivity of which corresponds to the genetic potential of the variety, by periodically renewing the collection material of this variety with a new generation of monoclonal mini-tubers grown indoors on the aeroponic device from the tubers taken from the collection of this variety. Cultivation of cuttings during the multiplication of an ancestral imroved plant is carried out in autotrophic conditions on hydroponics.EFFECT: method allows to accelerate and mechanize the stage of production of the original potato, and to reduce labour costs.2 cl

ethod of microclonal reproduction and obtaining planting material of pleasant weigela (weigela suavis (kom) lhbailey) and flowering weigela "variegata" (weigela florida "variegata" bunge a dc) // 2634431
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method involves using single- and double-noded segments of spring or summer shoots as initial explants, their sterilisation, forcing axillary shoots, multiplication and rooting, which takes place on the 1/2 WPM nutrient medium, transferring the plants to non-sterile conditions and planting in the soil. As initial explants, shoots of Weigela suavis and Weigela florida"Variegata" are used, additional surface sterilisation is carried out with the benzylpenicillin solution of 200 mg/l for 20-40 min. Forcing axillary shoots and multiplication are carried out on a nutrient medium containing a half set of calcium chloride and nitric acid and macronutrients 1/2 WPM, trace elements, vitamins, iron chelate, according to Murashige and Skoog (MS) prescriptions, supplemented with half the amount of 10-15 g/l of sucrose, 7 of agar-agar, 0.2 mg/l of 6-benzylaminopurine, 0.1 mg/l of gibberellin, 100 mg/l of myoinositol, 2 mg/l of ascorbic acid. Cultivation is carried out on light-cultural shelves under the conditions of the 16-hour period of illumination with LED strips with the voltage of 12 V, the power of 4.5 W/m, the total illumination is 2500-3000 lux, with a strip with red photodiodes added on each shelf. After rooting, the plants are transferred in moulds with washed sand under a micro-glass, and transferred to the open soil after wintering under laboratory conditions.EFFECT: method allows to obtain planting material of the shrub Weigela suavis and a variegated shrub Weigela florida variegata in the form of normally formed rooted plants of the initial genotype.5 dwg, 1 ex
ethod of calculating plant height under influence of forest belts // 2634360
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: presented method includes selecting agricultural crop samples during vegetation in a transect perpendicular to the forest belt and determining their height. Sampling is carried out at least three times during the measuring period coinciding with the main plant vegetation phases. The height of the samples is determined by measuring directly in the field and/or in the laboratory, after which the plant height H is represented in the form of a logistic function and calculated for a vegetation day τ according to the formula , where H is the height of the plants, cm; Hmax - the maximum possible height of the crop, cm; τ - vegetation day; a and b - coefficients calculated by the formulas , , in which N is the number of samples; i - the sample number; Ho - the specimen height, cm; τ - vegetation day at the sampling time.EFFECT: rationalization of production and increasing the crop yield.1 cl
ethod of cultivating peas for grain // 2634353
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes sowing peas of mid-ripening varieties with a seeding rate of 0.7 million pcs/ha to a depth of 5-6 cm. Across the sowing of peas or diagonally, narrow-leaved lupine of the Nadezhda variety is sown in an ordinary way to the depth of 3-4 cm with a seeding rate of 0.6 million pcs/ha.EFFECT: method allows to increase the pea grain yield by means of creating favourable conditions for the growth and development of plants and excluding the lodging of peas, and to reduce crop losses during harvesting.1 tbl, 1 ex

Device for vertical gardening of building walls // 2634286
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device includes a supporting rotary element and supports for the orientation of its position and rotary links arranged thereon for fastening to them containers with soil on a flexible suspension. The carrying element is made in the form of a closed reinforced tape similar to a flexible belt transmission element, consisting of an elastic tape-like strip with predetermined dimensions, on the outer side of which, with a predetermined pitch, bars are fixedly mounted in cantilever to fix the rotary links with arranging on them the containers with soil by means of the flexible suspension. At the upper part of its location on the building wall, the carrying element is mated to the smooth surface of the driven element in the form of a pulley between its sides to orient the initial position thereon, installed on a bracket axis for mounting to the building wall. Such mating is carried out by the carrying element and with the driving pulley in the lower part of its location on the wall, i.e. in the subject availability zone, while ensuring the adjustment of the present power contact between their friction surfaces, both when mounting the driving pulley arranged in cantilever on a bearing slide support to the building wall and during the device operation.EFFECT: maintenance simplicity and accessibility of each container with soil on the walls of multi-storey buildings without changing the initial place of their fastening.2 cl, 1 dwg
Rooting stimulation method of grape cuttings // 2634280
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: presented method includes cutting cuttings with eyes and their subsequent soaking in an aqueous medium. Wherein two-eyed grape cuttings 7-9 mm thick and about 40 cm long are soaked in the horizontal position in a container with an aqueous medium and held for not more than 48 hours. As an aqueous medium, a condensate of steam obtained from tap water is used.EFFECT: increasing the yield and quality of scion-rooted grape cuttings.4 tbl
ethod for obtaining nutritive additive for mushrooms of "pleurotus" genus // 2634006
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing a nutritive medium by adding a soy component to the formulation. Wherein soy whey obtained as a result of thermal acidic coagulation of soy proteins with the aqueous ascorutin solution is used as the soy component.EFFECT: enriching the additive with a methionine and cystine complex and vitamins.1 ex